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magnolol, muscle

Hongjun Zhang, Baoling Ju, Xiaoli Zhang, Yanfei Zhu, Ying Nie, Yuanhong Xu, Qiuxia Lei
Magnolol is a pharmacological biphenolic compound extracted from Chinese herb Magnolia officinalis, which displays anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. This study was aimed at exploring the potential effect of magnolol on immune-related liver fibrosis. Herein, BALB/c mice were injected with concanavalin A (ConA, 8 mg/kg/week) up to 6 weeks to establish hepatic fibrosis, and magnolol (10, 20, 30 mg/kg/day) was given to these mice orally throughout the whole experiment. We found that magnolol preserved liver function and attenuated liver fibrotic injury in vivo...
June 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Meng-Chuan Chen, Yen-Lin Chen, Chi-Feng Lee, Chih-Huang Hung, Tz-Chong Chou
Skeletal muscle atrophy, the most prominent phenotypic feature of cancer cachexia, is often observed in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Magnolol (M) extracted from Magnolia officinalis exhibits several pharmacological effects including anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. In this study, we investigated whether magnolol supplementation protects against the development of cachexia symptoms in bladder cancer-bearing mice undergoing chemotherapy. Combined treatment of magnolol with chemotherapeutic drugs, such as gemcitabine and cisplatin (TGCM) or gemcitabine (TGM), markedly attenuates the body weight loss and skeletal muscle atrophy compared with conventional chemotherapy (TGC)...
2015: PloS One
Daniel Herrmann, Andrea Schreiber, Anna Ciotkowska, Frank Strittmatter, Raphaela Waidelich, Christian G Stief, Christian Gratzke, Martin Hennenberg
PURPOSE: Smooth muscle contraction and prostate growth are important targets for medical therapy of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Honokiol and Magnolol are lignan constituents of Magnolia species, which are used in traditional Asian medicine. Here, we examined effects of honokiol and magnolol on contraction of human prostate tissue and on growth of stromal cells. METHODS: Prostate tissues were obtained from radical prostatectomy...
September 2014: Prostate International
Roland Baur, Wolfgang Schuehly, Erwin Sigel
BACKGROUND: Magnolia bark preparations from Magnolia officinalis of Asian medicinal systems are known for their muscle relaxant effect and anticonvulsant activity. These CNS related effects are ascribed to the presence of the biphenyl-type neolignans honokiol and magnolol that exert a potentiating effect on GABAA receptors. 4-O-methylhonokiol isolated from seeds of the North-American M. grandiflora was compared to honokiol for its activity to potentiate GABAA receptors and its GABAA receptor subtype-specificity was established...
October 2014: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
L Wu, H Zou, W Xia, Q Dong, L Wang
BACKGROUND: Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to the development of vascular remodeling. Recently, magnolol has been reported to have a potential role in regulating tumor necrosis factor α-induced proliferation of VSMCs. However, the role of magnolol in platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced proliferation of VSMCs remains unknown. AIMS: Our purpose was to elucidate the effect of magnolol on the proliferation of VSMCs induced by PDGF-BB and to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms...
May 2015: Herz
Man Zhang, Kai-Hong Zang, Jia-Lie Luo, Fung-Ping Leung, Yu Huang, Cheng-Yuan Lin, Zhi-Jun Yang, Ai-Ping Lu, Xu-Dong Tang, Hong-Xi Xu, Joseph Jao-yiu Sung, Zhao-Xiang Bian
This study aimed to investigate the effect of magnolol (5,5'-diallyl-2,2'-biphenyldiol) on contraction in distal colonic segments of rats and the underlying mechanisms. Colonic segments were mounted in organ baths for isometric force measurement. Whole-cell voltage-sensitive L-type Ca(2+) currents were recorded on isolated single colonic smooth muscle cells using patch-clamp technique. The spontaneous contractions and acetylcholine (ACh)- and Bay K 8644-induced contractions were inhibited by magnolol (3-100 μM)...
November 15, 2013: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Rajendra Karki, Seong-Bin Kim, Dong-Wook Kim
BACKGROUND: Increased proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contribute importantly to the formation of both atherosclerotic and restenotic lesions. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of magnolol on VSMC migration. METHODS: The proteolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) stimulated VSMCs was performed by gelatin zymography. VSMC migration was assessed by wound healing and Boyden chamber methods...
December 10, 2013: Experimental Cell Research
Bin Miao, Shuwen Zhang, Hong Wang, Tiecheng Yang, Deshan Zhou, Bao-en Wang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which magnolol treatment prevents lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced septic dysmotility in mice. Sepsis was induced by intravenous tail vein injection of LPS (4 mg/kg body weight). Animals were divided into three groups: the magnolol-treated septic group, the placebo-treated septic group, and the control group. Intestinal transit and circular smooth muscle contraction were measured 12 h after LPS injection, and immunocytochemisty was performed to study the morphology of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs)...
August 2013: Inflammation
Rajendra Karki, Oak-Min Ho, Dong-Wook Kim
BACKGROUND: Endovascular injury induces switching of contractile phenotype of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to synthetic phenotype, thereby causing proliferation of VSMCs leading to intimal thickening. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of magnolol on the proliferation of VSMCs in vitro and neointima formation in vivo, as well as the related cell signaling mechanisms. METHODS: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) induced proliferation ofVSMCs was assessed using colorimetric assay...
March 2013: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Jennifer Hui-Chun Ho, Chuang-Ye Hong
Magnolia officinalis has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. Magnolol, an active component isolated from Magnolia officinalis, is known to be a cardiovascular protector since 1994. The multiplex mechanisms of magnolol on cardiovascular protection depends on cell types and dosages, and will be reviewed and discussed in this article. Magnolol under low and moderate dosage possesses the ability to protect heart from ischemic/reperfusion injury, reduces atherosclerotic change, protects endothelial cell against apoptosis and inhibits neutrophil-endothelial adhesion...
2012: Journal of Biomedical Science
Sun-Sil Choi, Byung-Yoon Cha, Young-Sil Lee, Takayuki Yonezawa, Toshiaki Teruya, Kazuo Nagai, Je-Tae Woo
Honokiol and magnolol, ingredients of Magnolia officinalis, which is used in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicines, have been reported to have antioxidant, anticancer, and antiangiogenic effects. Effects of these compounds on glucose metabolism in adipocytes have also been reported. However, their effects on skeletal muscle glucose uptake and the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unknown. Here, we investigated the direct effects and signaling pathways activated by honokiol and magnolol in skeletal muscle cells using L6 myotubes...
September 2012: BioFactors
Young Mi Seok, Hye Young Kim, Otgonbayar Garmaa, Byung-Yoon Cha, Je-Tae Woo, In Kyeom Kim
1. Magnolol (5,5'-diallyl-2,2'-dihydroxybiphenyl) is a major phenolic compound purified from Magnolia officinalis. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effects of magnolol on vascular contractions. 2. Rat aortic rings were mounted in organ baths. Magnolol was added cumulatively (0.3-30 μmol/L) to elicit relaxation in endothelium-intact and -denuded rat aortic rings precontracted with U46619 (30 nmol/L, 20 min), NaF (8.0 mmol/L, 40 min), phenylephrine (1.0 or 0.1 μmol/L, 15 min) or phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu, 0...
January 2012: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
Yen-Jen Wang, Yin-Chih Chien, Chieh-Hsi Wu, Dean-Mo Liu
Encapsulation and release behavior of a water-insoluble drug, magnolol, using a core-shell polysaccharide-based nanoparticle, manipulating the cellular internalization and controlled cytotoxic effect of magnolol-loaded nanoparticles over the A10 vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) was reported. A magnolol-polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) core phase was prepared, followed encapsulating by an amphiphilic carboxymethyl-hexanoyl chitosan (CHC) shell to form a magnolol-loaded core-shell hydrogel nanoparticles (termed magnolol-CHC nanoparticles)...
December 5, 2011: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Hung-Yi Chen, Yu-Chang Hung, E-Jian Lee, Tsung-Ying Chen, I-Chuan Chuang, Tian-Shung Wu
We investigated the protective effects of magnolol, an active antioxidant and free radical scavenger extracted from Magnolia officinalis, in a hind limb ischemic-reperfusion animal model. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to hind limb ischemic insult for 2 hours and were intravenously treated with magnolol at 0.01 mg/kg (n=8), 0.3 mg/kg (n=8) mg/kg or 1 mg/kg (n=8) mg/kg, or vehicle (n=8). At 24 h post-insult, the levels of nitrite/nitrate (NOX), malondialdehyde (MDA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO), as well as the degree of muscle damage, were assessed...
October 2009: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Seung Il Jeong, Young Sam Kim, Moon Young Lee, Jong Koo Kang, Seoul Lee, Bong Kyu Choi, Kyu Yong Jung
This study examined the pharmacological property of magnolol, a phenolic compound purified from Magnolia officinalis, on the GI motility using the rat isolated gastrointestinal (GI) strips. Magnolol (0.3-30 microM) dose-dependently stimulated the tone and amplitude of spontaneous contractions in ileum longitudinal muscles. Magnolol at 3 microM significantly increased the contractions of jejunum longitudinal and colon circular muscles, but not the longitudinal muscle contractions in fundus, antrum and colon...
March 2009: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Tie-Cheng Yang, Shu-Wen Zhang, Li-Na Sun, Hong Wang, Ai-Min Ren
AIM: To investigate the protective effects of magnolol on sepsis-induced inflammation and intestinal dysmotility. METHODS: Sepsis was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: magnolol prior to LPS injection (LPS/Mag group); vehicle prior to LPS injection (LPS/Veh group); vehicle prior to injection of saline (Control/Veh). Intestinal transit and circular muscle mechanical activity were assessed 12 h after LPS injection...
December 28, 2008: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Sunny Sun-Kin Chan, Ming Zhao, Lixing Lao, Harry H Fong, Chun-Tao Che
Magnolia officinalis is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine for treating gastrointestinal disorders. HPLC quantification analysis revealed that magnolol and honokiol were the most abundant constituents of M. officinalis extracts, with their contents in the ethanol extract being the highest, the water extract the least and the 50 % ethanol extract in between. In guinea pig isolated ileum, both magnolol and honokiol inhibited contraction to acetylcholine. The herbal extracts also produced inhibitory responses, in an order of decreasing efficacy: ethanol extract > 50 % ethanol extract > water extract...
March 2008: Planta Medica
Hong-Man Kim, Sung-Jin Bae, Dong-Wook Kim, Bo-Kyung Kim, Soo-Bok Lee, Ung-Soo Lee, Cheorl-Ho Kim, Sung-Kwon Moon
Magnolol, an active component extracted from Magnolia officinalis, has been reported to inhibit the development of atherosclerotic disease. However, it is not known whether magnolol exerts similar cardioprotective effects in cells treated with TNF-alpha. In the present study, magnolol treatment was found to show potent inhibitory effects on cell proliferation in cultured VSMC in the presence of TNF-alpha. These inhibitory effects were associated with reduced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 activity and G1 cell cycle arrest...
August 2007: International Immunopharmacology
Zhao Xiang Bian, Gen Shui Zhang, Ka Leung Wong, Xu Guang Hu, Liang Liu, Zhijun Yang, Min Li
The influence of plant product magnolol (0-100 microM) on the contractile activity of isolated colonic muscle strips in guinea pig and related mechanism were investigated. Magnolol did not affect the base tone of colon muscle strips, but it dose-dependently inhibited 40 mM KCl-, 1 microM carbachol (CCh)- and 10 microM serotonin (5-HT)-induced contractions at concentrations higher than 10 microM. And also, magnolol inhibited the 5-HT- or CCh-induced muscle contraction in calcium-free buffer. Furthermore, magnolol inhibited the KCl-induced contraction under the condition of procaine...
April 2006: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Chieh-Hsi Wu, Chih-Wen Chen, Ho-Chih Chen, Weng-Cheng Chang, Min-Ji Shu, Jui-Sung Hung
The pathological mechanism of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty-induced restenosis has been attributed to outgrowth of vascular smooth muscle cells. Pretreatment with antioxidants has been shown to reduce restenosis. Magnolol, an active compound of Magnolia officinalis, has exhibited approximately 1,000 times more potent antioxidant effects than alpha-tocopherol. In this study, we demonstrate, using cytometric analysis, an approximate 61% reduction of smooth muscle cells progressing to the S-phase by 0...
December 2005: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
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