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endotracheal intubation for ERCP

Linda A Hou, Loren Laine, Nima Motamedi, Ara Sahakian, Christianne Lane, James Buxbaum
OBJECTIVES: Acute cholangitis mandates resuscitation, antibiotic therapy, and biliary decompression. Our aim was to define the optimal timing of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for patients with acute cholangitis. METHODS: Clinical data on all cases of cholangitis managed by ERCP were prospectively collected from September 2010 to July 2013. The clinical impact of the time to ERCP, defined as the time from presentation in the emergency department to the commencement of the ERCP, was determined...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
K Leslie, M L Allen, E Hessian, A Y-S Lee
We conducted a survey of Australian specialist anaesthetists about their practice of sedation for elective and emergency gastroscopy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and colonoscopy. A 24-item survey was emailed to 1,000 anaesthetists in August 2015. Responses were received from 409 anaesthetists (response rate=41%) with responses from 395 anaesthetists analysed. Pulse oximetry and oxygen administration were routine for all procedures for all respondents. Blood pressure was routinely measured by most respondents during gastroscopy (elective=88%; emergency=97%), ERCP (elective=99%; emergency=99%) and colonoscopy (elective=91%; emergency=98%)...
July 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Yaseen B Perbtani, Robert J Summerlee, Dennis Yang, Qi An, Alejandro Suarez, J Blair Williamson, Charles W Shrode, Anand R Gupte, Shailendra S Chauhan, Peter V Draganov, Chris E Forsmark, Myron Chang, Mihir S Wagh
OBJECTIVES: Measures for evaluating interventional endoscopy unit efficiency have not been adequately validated, especially in reference to the involvement of anesthesia services for endoscopy. Primary aim was to compare process measures/metrics of interventional endoscopy unit efficiency between intubated and non-intubated patients. Secondary aim was to assess variables associated with the need for endotracheal intubation. METHODS: The prospectively collected endoscopy unit metrics database at UF Health was reviewed for procedures performed in the interventional endoscopy unit for 6 months...
June 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Haider Ali Khan, Muhammad Umar, Hamama Tul-Bushra, Gul Nisar, Muhammad Bilal, Shifa Umar
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Propofol is increasingly being used for sedation purposes during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). This study aimed to evaluate the safety of non-anaesthesiologist administration of propofol (NAAP) during therapeutic ERCP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients, who underwent ERCP at Centre for Liver and Digestive Diseases, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, were included in the study. Propofol sedation was administered by a physician who was a non-anaesthesiologist certified in basic and advanced cardiac life support...
March 2014: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
Basavana Goudra, Preet Mohinder Singh
The anesthesia community is still divided as to the appropriate airway management in patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Increasingly, gastroenterologists are comfortable with deep sedation (normally propofol) without endotracheal intubation. There are no comprehensive reviews addressing the various pros and cons of an un-intubated airway management. It is hoped that the present review will benefit both anesthesia providers and gastroenterologists. The reasons to avoid routine endotracheal intubation and the approaches for an un-intubated anesthetic management are discussed...
March 2014: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Sheila Ryan Barnett, Tyler Berzin, Sirish Sanaka, Douglas Pleskow, Mandeep Sawhney, Ram Chuttani
BACKGROUND: Providing the appropriate anesthesia for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) cases is challenging. AIM: The aim of our study was to prospectively assess the safety of anesthesia directed deep sedation (ADDS) in non-intubated patients compared to general endotracheal anesthesia (GET) during an ERCP. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in patients undergoing an ERCP. The choice of anesthetic-ADDS or GET-was made by the anesthesiologist...
November 2013: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Tyler M Berzin, Sirish Sanaka, Sheila R Barnett, Eswar Sundar, Paul S Sepe, Moshe Jakubowski, Douglas K Pleskow, Ram Chuttani, Mandeep S Sawhney
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of anesthesiologist-administered sedation for monitored anesthesia care (MAC) or general anesthesia in patients undergoing ERCP, limited prospective data exist on the effectiveness, safety, and cost of this approach. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively assess sedation-related adverse events (SRAEs), patient- and procedure-related risk factors associated with SRAEs, and endoscopist and patient satisfaction with anesthesiologist-administered sedation...
April 2011: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Gregory A Coté, Christine E Hovis, Richard M Hovis, Lawrence Waldbaum, Dayna S Early, Steven A Edmundowicz, Riad R Azar, Daniel K Mullady, Sreenivasa S Jonnalagadda
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Among patients undergoing advanced endoscopy, unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) could predict sedation-related complications (SRCs) and the need for airway maneuvers (AMs). By using an OSA screening tool, we sought to define the prevalence of patients at high risk for OSA and to correlate OSA with the frequency of AMs and SRCs. METHODS: We enrolled 231 consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) (n = 176) and endoscopic ultrasound (n = 55)...
August 2010: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Till Wehrmann, Andrea Riphaus
OBJECTIVE: Propofol sedation for mainly diagnostic endoscopic procedures has proved safe in recent trials, with no need for endotracheal intubation. However, there is evidence that cardiorespiratory side effects occur more frequently and that assisted ventilation may be necessary if propofol sedation is performed for interventional endoscopic procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over a 6-year period, all adverse events (defined as premature termination of the procedure due to sedation-related events or either the need for assisted ventilation or admission to ICU) occurring during 9547 endoscopic interventions (UGI, n = 5...
March 2008: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
P Forget, F Lois, Ph Pendeville
We report the successful use of nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in the perioperative period of a 51 yr-old woman with a type II spinal muscular atrophy (SMA II). The patient was treated chronically with nocturnal NIPPV at home and scheduled for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) under general anesthesia. Some criteria of difficult intubation were present (forced mouth opening of 1.5 cm, short neck and thyromental distance of 5 cm). Nasal endotracheal fiberoptic intubation during spontaneous breathing under sedation with propofol was performed...
2008: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
Irene P Osborn, Jonathan Cohen, Robert J Soper, Leslie A Roth
BACKGROUND: ERCP sometimes requires deep sedation and rarely general anesthesia with airway protection. The laryngeal mask airway device is placed perorally to create a seal over the larynx. Unlike endotracheal intubation, no tube traverses the vocal cords, thus reducing airway stimulation and obviating the need to administer muscle relaxants. The feasibility of using the laryngeal mask airway during ERCP was evaluated and recovery times compared for patients undergoing ERCP with the laryngeal mask airway versus endotracheal intubation...
July 2002: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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