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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779150/disorienting-dilemmas-the-significance-of-resistance-and-disturbance-in-an-intercultural-program-within-kindergarten-teacher-education
#1
Åsta Birkeland, Siv Ødemotland
As the Norwegian society, and thereby the kindergartens, have become more multicultural, the need for cultivating teachers capable of operating in an ever diversified and global world is highlighted as an important educational strategy within teacher education. The purpose of the specific intercultural program in kindergarten teacher education discussed in this article refers to competences needed as a professional teacher in a multicultural kindergarten. Teachers often have various assumptions and beliefs taken for granted...
May 19, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779082/does-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-among-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#2
Sajiv Chandradas, Hamed Khalili, Ashwin Ananthakrishnan, Connor Wayman, Warren Reidel, Jill Waalen, Gauree G Konijeti
BACKGROUND: Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are at an increased risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) compared with the general population. Recent data suggest that obesity also increases the risk of CDI. AIMS: To examine whether obesity influences the risk of CDI among patients with UC. STUDY: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of UC patients seen in gastroenterology clinic between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2015...
May 19, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778557/nanotechnological-foundations-of-a-%C3%A2-new%C3%A2-nephrology
#3
M Laura Sorian, Alberto Rodríguez-Benot, Miguel Valcárcel
After contextualising the generic frameworks of nanotechnology and nanomedicine, the 2disciplines are discussed in the field of Nephrology. The potential downside to nanonephrology is the renal clearance of nanoparticles, the use of which is ever-increasing both for nanomedicinal purposes and in nanofoods. The positive impact of nanotechnology in Nephrology is centred on the development of renal nanodiagnostics for basic renal function studies, the early diagnosis of acute kidney injury, reliable and simple follow-up of chronic kidney disease and the improvement of magnetic resonance imaging...
May 16, 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778207/evolution-in-europe-of-african-swine-fever-genotype-ii-viruses-from-highly-to-moderately-virulent
#4
Gallardo C, Nurmoja I, Soler A, Delicado V, Simón A, Martin E, Perez C, Nieto R, Arias M
Since its arrival in the Caucasus and Russia in 2007, African swine fever virus (ASFV) has spread widely and has now affected the EU countries of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and, more recently, the Czech Republic and Romania. The ever-increasing evidence of seropositive wild boar in certain areas suggests that some animals may be surviving for some time or could even be recovering from the disease. This could be due to acquired immunity after the primary infection and/or the presence of related viruses of reduced virulence...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776008/factors-associated-with-self-reported-history-of-depression-diagnosis-among-cancer-survivors-aged-18-years-and-over-in-the-united-states
#5
Gemechu B Gerbi, Stranjae' Ivory, Elaine Archie Booker, Mechelle D Claridy, Stephanie Miles-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: According to the American Cancer Society, 25 percent of cancer survivors in the United States develop depression. The objective of this study is to assess factors associated with self-reported history of depression diagnosis among cancer survivors aged ≥18 years in the United States. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (N=6,079). The BRFSS collects data about US residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors and events, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services...
May 18, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775904/biosynthesis-of-chiral-epichlorohydrin-using-an-immobilized-halohydrin-dehalogenase-in-aqueous-and-non-aqueous-phase
#6
Xiao-Jian Zhang, Ping-Xiu Shi, Han-Zhong Deng, Xin-Xin Wang, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Yu-Guo Zheng
Asymmetric synthesis of chiral epichlorohydrin (ECH) from 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol (1,3-DCP) using halohydrin dehalogenase (HHDH) is of great value due to the 100% theoretical yield and high enantioselectivity. In this study, HheC (P175S/W249P) was immobilized on an A502Ps resin and used for the preparation of (S)-ECH. In aqueous system, the immobilized HheC catalyzed the biosynthesis of (S)-ECH with 83.78% yield and 92.53% enantiomeric excess (ee) at 1,3-DCP concentration of 20 mM. The non-aqueous system was further developed using water saturated ethyl acetate as solvent and reaction phase...
May 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775451/-recurrent-urolithiasis-as-a-symptom-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-a-16-year-old-boy
#7
Monika Wojciechowska, Beata Bieniaś, Aleksandra Sobieszczańska-Droździel, Anna Wieczorkiewicz-Płaza, Iwona Beń-Skowronek, Przemysław Sikora
Primary hyperparathyroidism is one of the most common endocrine diseases, however, it is rare in children. In most cases, it is caused by adenoma of these organs. Its most common complications include urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and osteoporosis. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old patient was admitted to our Clinic because of his first-ever renal colic. The ultrasound examination revealed rightsided hydronephrosis caused by the presence of 9 mm stone in the upper part of the right ureter. In addition, the presence of 8 mm stone in the middle calyx of the left kidney was found...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774415/development-of-a-cost-effective-production-process-for-halomonas-levan
#8
Burak Adnan Erkorkmaz, Onur Kırtel, Özlem Ateş Duru, Ebru Toksoy Öner
Levan polysaccharide is an industrially important natural polymer with unique properties and diverse high-value applications. However, current bottlenecks associated with its large-scale production need to be overcome by innovative approaches leading to economically viable processes. Besides many mesophilic levan producers, halophilic Halomonas smyrnensis cultures hold distinctive industrial potential and, for the first time with this study, the advantage of halophilicity is used and conditions for non-sterile levan production were optimized...
May 17, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774236/endocytosis-mediated-siderophore-uptake-as-a-strategy-for-fe-acquisition-in-diatoms
#9
Elena Kazamia, Robert Sutak, Javier Paz-Yepes, Richard G Dorrell, Fabio Rocha Jimenez Vieira, Jan Mach, Joe Morrissey, Sébastien Leon, France Lam, Eric Pelletier, Jean-Michel Camadro, Chris Bowler, Emmanuel Lesuisse
Phytoplankton growth is limited in vast oceanic regions by the low bioavailability of iron. Iron fertilization often results in diatom blooms, yet the physiological underpinnings for how diatoms survive in chronically iron-limited waters and outcompete other phytoplankton when iron becomes available are unresolved. We show that some diatoms can use siderophore-bound iron, and exhibit a species-specific recognition for siderophore types. In Phaeodactylum tricornutum , hydroxamate siderophores are taken up without previous reduction by a high-affinity mechanism that involves binding to the cell surface followed by endocytosis-mediated uptake and delivery to the chloroplast...
May 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773772/promoting-scientific-cooperation-in-times-of-diplomatic-challenges-sustained-partnership-between-the-cuban-academy-of-sciences-and-the-american-association-for-the-advancement-of-science
#10
Sergio Jorge-Pastrana, Marga Gual-Soler, Tom C Wang
Scientific research cooperation between Cuba and the USA has a long history that dates back to the 19th century. For the past 200 years, the two countries' relationship has been subject to complex economic, political and social forces. In the second half of the 20th century, the Cuban revolution and the subsequent escalation of the US government embargo impacted every aspect of Cuban life. While science was no exception, scientific interactions never ceased. Over the past decade, scientific cooperation-led and facilitated by scientific organizations such as the Cuban Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and others-has steadily increased to address ever more critical issues facing both countries...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773578/relationship-between-glycated-hemoglobin-and-stroke-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
John Peter Mitsios, Elif Ilhan Ekinci, Gregory Peter Mitsios, Leonid Churilov, Vincent Thijs
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke. Rising hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c ) levels are associated with microvascular diabetes mellitus complication development; however, this relationship has not been established for stroke risk, a macrovascular complication. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational cohort and nested case-control cohort studies assessing the association between rising HbA1c levels and stroke risk in adults (≥18 years old) with and without type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773576/joint-effect-of-carotid-plaque-and-c-reactive-protein-on-first-ever-ischemic-stroke-and-myocardial-infarction
#12
Agnethe Eltoft, Kjell Arne Arntzen, Tom Wilsgaard, John-Bjarne Hansen, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, Stein Harald Johnsen
BACKGROUND: The joint effect of atherosclerosis and CRP (C-reactive protein) on risk of ischemic stroke (IS) and myocardial infarction (MI) has been sparsely studied. The aim of this study was to explore whether CRP mediates the risk of events in subjects with prevalent carotid plaque, examine synergism, and test whether CRP and carotid plaque add to risk prediction beyond traditional risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: CRP and carotid total plaque area (TPA) were measured in 10 109 participants in the Tromsø Study from 1994 to 2008...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773510/implications-of-the-abcd-study-for-developmental-neuroscience
#13
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, James M Bjork, Monica Luciana
The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study (ABCD) will capture a breadth of multi-faceted biobehavioral, environmental, familial, and genetic longitudinal developmental open-access data from over 11,000 9-10 year olds throughout the United States of America (USA) for an envisioned ten-year span. This will subsequently represent the largest study ever attempted with this level of brain phenotypic detail. This study holds the opportunity for exciting advances in the understanding of typical adolescent neurodevelopment, discovery of neurodevelopmental underpinnings of mental illness, as well as the neurodevelopmental influences of (and on) social factors, substance use, and critically - their interaction...
May 14, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773388/a-unique-polysaccharide-containing-3-o-methylarabinose-and-3-o-methylgalactose-from-tinospora-sinensis
#14
Shipra Nagar, Andreas Hensel, Petra Mischnick, Vineet Kumar
Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merrill is of great therapeutic significance in Indian traditional medicine. Crude polysaccharides were isolated from methanol pre-extracted stems of dried material by successive extractions with cold water, hot water and NaOH (0.25 mol/L) in 0.98, 0.55 and 0.70 % yields respectively. Cold water soluble polysaccharides (CWSP) were purified and fractionated by ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel. Neutral polysaccharides were further fractionated on Sepharose CL6B to yield three fractions TW1, TW2, TW3...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772819/do-young-people-ever-sit-still-variations-in-accelerometer-counts-muscle-activity-and-heart-rate-across-various-sedentary-activities-in-youth
#15
Evi van Ekris, Mai J M Chinapaw, Joost Rotteveel, Teatske M Altenburg
Evidence of adverse health effects of TV viewing is stronger than for overall sedentary behaviour in youth. One explanation may be that TV viewing involves less body movement than other sedentary activities. Variations in body movement across sedentary activities are currently unknown, as are age differences in such variations. This study examined body movement differences across various sedentary activities in children and adolescents, assessed by hip-, thigh- and wrist-worn accelerometers, muscle activity and heart rate...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772685/the-emergence-of-endophytic-microbes-and-their-biological-promise
#16
Gary Strobel
As is true with animal species, plants also have an associated microflora including endophytes as well as microbes associated with the phyllosphere and rhizosphere (plant surfaces) and this is considered the plant microbiome. However, those organisms within virtually all tissues and organs of the plant are known as endophytes. Most often fungi are the most frequently recovered endophytes from plant tissues, but bacterial forms generally occur in greater numbers, but not in species varieties. The exact biological/biochemical role of the endophyte in the plant and how it interacts with the plant and other endophytes and plant associated organisms has not been intensely and carefully examined...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772079/detection-of-multiple-perturbations-in-multi-omics-biological-networks
#17
Paula J Griffin, Yuqing Zhang, William Evan Johnson, Eric D Kolaczyk
Cellular mechanism-of-action is of fundamental concern in many biological studies. It is of particular interest for identifying the cause of disease and learning the way in which treatments act against disease. However, pinpointing such mechanisms is difficult, due to the fact that small perturbations to the cell can have wide-ranging downstream effects. Given a snapshot of cellular activity, it can be challenging to tell where a disturbance originated. The presence of an ever-greater variety of high-throughput biological data offers an opportunity to examine cellular behavior from multiple angles, but also presents the statistical challenge of how to effectively analyze data from multiple sources...
May 17, 2018: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772067/dna-content-analysis-of-colorectal-serrated-lesions-detects-an-aneuploid-subset-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-associated-serrated-epithelial-change-and-traditional-serrated-adenomas
#18
Won-Tak Choi, Kwun Wah Wen, Peter S Rabinovitch, Danning Huang, Aras N Mattis, Ryan M Gill
AIMS: Serrated lesions (SLs), including sessile serrated adenoma (SSA) and traditional serrated adenoma (TSA), are important premalignant lesions for colorectal cancer (CRC). Although a small subset of SLs are known to harbor TP53 mutations and Wnt/β-catenin pathway activation, suggesting that they may develop dysplasia or CRC via a 'chromosomal instability (CIN)-like' pathway, it is unclear if aneuploidy (characteristic of conventional adenoma) ever develops in SLs and is associated with development of dysplasia or CRC, in this context...
May 17, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772045/ocular-tolerance-of-contemporary-electronic-display-devices
#19
Andrew J Clark, Paul Yang, Khizer R Khaderi, Andrew A Moshfeghi
Electronic displays have become an integral part of life in the developed world since the revolution of mobile computing a decade ago. With the release of multiple consumer-grade virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) products in the past 2 years utilizing head-mounted displays (HMDs), as well as the development of low-cost, smartphone-based HMDs, the ability to intimately interact with electronic screens is greater than ever. VR/AR HMDs also place the display at much closer ocular proximity than traditional electronic devices while also isolating the user from the ambient environment to create a "closed" system between the user's eyes and the display...
May 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771942/antisense-pmo-cocktails-effectively-skip-dystrophin-exons-45-55-in-myotubes-transdifferentiated-from-dmd-patient-fibroblasts
#20
Joshua Lee, Yusuke Echigoya, William Duddy, Takashi Saito, Yoshitsugu Aoki, Shin'ichi Takeda, Toshifumi Yokota
Antisense-mediated exon skipping has made significant progress as a therapeutic platform in recent years, especially in the case of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Despite FDA approval of eteplirsen-the first-ever antisense drug clinically marketed for DMD-exon skipping therapy still faces the significant hurdles of limited applicability and unknown truncated protein function. In-frame exon skipping of dystrophin exons 45-55 represents a significant approach to treating DMD, as a large proportion of patients harbor mutations within this "hotspot" region...
2018: PloS One
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