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EGCG tau

Adrianne S Chesser, Veena Ganeshan, Jonathan Yang, Gail V W Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by intracellular accumulations of phosphorylated forms of the microtubule binding protein tau. This study aimed to explore a novel mechanism for enhancing the clearance of these pathological tau species using the green tea flavonoid epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). EGCG is a potent antioxidant and an activator of the Nrf2 transcriptional pathway. Nrf2 activators including EGCG have shown promise in mitigating amyloid pathology in vitro and in vivo...
2016: Nutritional Neuroscience
Kathrin Andrich, Jan Bieschke
Studies on the interaction of the green tea polyphenol (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) with fourteen disease-related amyloid polypeptides and prions Huntingtin, Amyloid-beta, alpha-Synuclein, islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), Sup35, NM25 and NM4, tau, MSP2, semen-derived enhancer of virus infection (SEVI), immunoglobulin light chains, beta-microglobulin, prion protein (PrP) and Insulin, have yielded a variety of experimental observations. Here, we analyze whether these observations could be explained by a common mechanism and give a broad overview of the published experimental data on the actions of EGCG...
2015: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Heike J Wobst, Apurwa Sharma, Marc I Diamond, Erich E Wanker, Jan Bieschke
The accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) and tau aggregates is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. Both polypeptides form fibrillar deposits, but several lines of evidence indicate that Aβ and tau form toxic oligomeric aggregation intermediates. Depleting such structures could thus be a powerful therapeutic strategy. We generated a fragment of tau (His-K18ΔK280) that forms stable, toxic, oligomeric tau aggregates in vitro. We show that (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a green tea polyphenol that was previously found to reduce Aβ aggregation, inhibits the aggregation of tau K18ΔK280 into toxic oligomers at ten- to hundred-fold substoichiometric concentrations, thereby rescuing toxicity in neuronal model cells...
January 2, 2015: FEBS Letters
Shumaila Khalid, Subhankar Paul
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive brain disorder, which gradually and irreversibly destroys the intellectual and cognitive abilities of the brain. Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90α) is a molecular chaperone which was found to regulate the function of number of client proteins including tau that is involved in the cause of the AD. Inhibition of Hsp90α by C-Terminal domain (CTD) ATP binding-site blockage might be used as an effective treatment strategy against the disease via degradation of tau proteins that are involved in the progression of the disease...
July 2014: Medical Hypotheses
Sachin P Patil, Nhung Tran, Hirosha Geekiyanage, Li Liu, Christina Chan
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by extracellular deposits of amyloid beta (Aβ) protein and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles of hyperphosphorylated tau protein. Various studies suggest that the tau tangle pathology, which lies downstream to Aβ pathology, is essential to produce AD-associated clinical phenotype and thus treatments targeting tau pathology may prevent or delay disease progression effectively. In this context, our present study examined three polyphenol compounds (curcumin, EGCG and resveratrol) for their possible activity against two endogenous proteins (BAG2 and LAMP1) that are shown to play a vital role in clearing tau tangles from neurons...
October 25, 2013: Neuroscience Letters
Kenzo Ohtsuki, Sayaka Miyai, Akira Yamaguchi, Kouhei Morikawa, Tetsuroh Okano
The stimulatory and inhibitory effects of several compounds and lignans isolated from the water extract of Taxus yunnanensis on the phosphorylation of three functional brain proteins (bovine myelin basic protein (bMBP), recombinant human tau protein (rhTP) and rat collapsin response mediator protein-2 (rCRMP-2)) by glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) were quantitatively compared in vitro, using (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate [(-)EGCG] as a positive control. We found that (i) three selected Taxus lignans [(3S,4R)-4'-hydroxy-6,3'-dimethoxyisoflavan-4-ol,(7R)-7-hydroxytaxiresinol and tanegool] highly stimulated the autophosphorylation of GSK-3β and the GSK-3β-mediated phosphorylation of two basic brain proteins [bMBP (pI=11...
2012: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Sayaka Miyai, Akira Yamaguchi, Tetsumi Iwasaki, Fazel Shamsa, Kenzo Ohtsuki
The stimulatory and inhibitory effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and its related two compounds (luteolin and quercetin) on the phosphorylation of four proteins [bovine myelin basic protein (bMBP), human recombinant tau protein (hrTP), human recombinant vimentin (hrVM) and rat collapsin response mediator protein-2 (rCRMP-2)] by glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) were comparatively determined in vitro. We found that (i) EGCG, not quercetin and luteolin, highly stimulated the GSK-3β-mediated phosphorylation of hrTP and significantly stimulated the phosphorylation of bMBP and hrVM by the kinase; (ii) these three polyphenols inhibited dose-dependently the phosphorylation of rCRMP-2 by GSK-3β; (iii) only EGCG significantly enhanced autophosphorylation of GSK-3β; and (iv) EGCG had a binding-affinity with two basic proteins (bMBP and hrTP) and a low affinity with rCRMP-2 rather than hrVM in vitro...
2010: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Kavon Rezai-Zadeh, Gary W Arendash, Huayan Hou, Frank Fernandez, Maren Jensen, Melissa Runfeldt, R Douglas Shytle, Jun Tan
We previously reported that intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection (20 mg/kg) of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the main polyphenolic constituent of green tea, decreased beta-amyloid (Abeta) levels and plaques via promotion of the non-amyloidogenic alpha-secretase proteolytic pathway in "Swedish" mutant amyloid precursor protein overexpressing (APPsw, Tg) mice. Here, we find that EGCG administered orally in drinking water (50 mg/kg) similarly reduces Abeta deposition in these mice. Following a six month treatment of an 8 month old cohort, immunohistochemical analysis of coronal sections reveals that plaque burdens were reduced in the cingulate cortex, hippocampus, and entorhinal cortex by 54%, 43%, and 51%, respectively...
June 12, 2008: Brain Research
Richard M Kostrzewa, Juan Segura-Aguilar
Cellular mechanisms involved in neurodegeneration and neuroprotection are continuing to be explored, and this paper focuses on some novel discoveries that give further insight into these processes. Oligodendrocytes and activated astroglia are likely generators of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as the tumor necrosis factor family and interleukin family, and these glial support cells express adhesion receptors (e.g., VCAM) and release intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM) that have a major role in neuronal apoptosis...
2003: Neurotoxicity Research
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