Read by QxMD icon Read


Qian Chen, Mengyang Liu, Haiyang Yu, Jian Li, Sijian Wang, Yi Zhang, Feng Qiu, Tao Wang
Scutellaria baicalensis has been reported to improve the lipid metabolism of high-fat diet-induced liver dysfunction, but direct evidence is rare. This study aimed to explore the effects and mechanisms of S. baicalensis and its major constituent baicalin on hepatic lipotoxicity. KK-Ay mice and orotic acid (OA)-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) rats were used to evaluate lipid metabolism regulatory effects. Sodium oleate-induced triglyceride-accumulated HepG2 cells were used for the mechanism study, pretreated with or without compound C or STO-609 or transfected with liver kinase B1 (LKB1) siRNA...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Penghua Fang, Mei Yu, Wen Min, Shiyu Han, Mingyi Shi, Zhenwen Zhang, Ping Bo
AIMS: Although baicalin has been shown to increase glucose uptake and insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle of mice, there is no literature available about the effect of baicalin on insulin sensitivity in adipocytes of diet-induced obese mice. METHODS: In the present study, diet-induced obese mice were given 50mg/kg baicalin intraperitoneally (i.p.) once a day for 21 days, and 3T3-L1 cells were treated with 100, 200, 400 μM baicalin for 3 h. Then insulin resistance indexes and insulin signal protein levels were examined to elucidate whether baicalin increased glucose uptake and GLUT4 translocation in adipocytes of diet-induced obese mice...
March 8, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Xiao Ling, Yuqiang Xiang, Feilong Chen, Qingfa Tang, Wei Zhang, Xiaomei Tan
Intestinal condition plays an important role in drug absorption and metabolism, thus the effects of varied gastrointestinal diseases such as infectious diarrhea on the intestinal function are crucial for drug absorption. However, due to the lack of suitable models, the differences of absorption and metabolism of drugs between the diarrheal and normal intestines are rarely reported. Thus, in this study, Escherichia coli diarrhea model was induced in mini-pigs and single-pass intestinal perfusion and intestinal mucosal enzyme metabolism experiments were conducted...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Maria Manconi, Maria Letizia Manca, Carla Caddeo, Claudia Cencetti, Chiara di Meo, Nicole Zoratto, Amparo Nacher, Anna Maria Fadda, Pietro Matricardi
In the present work, the preparation, characterization and therapeutic potential of baicalin-loaded nanohydrogels are reported. The nanohydrogels were prepared by sonicating (S nanohydrogel) or autoclaving (A nanohydrogel) a dispersion of cholesterol-derivatized gellan in phosphate buffer. The nanohydrogel obtained by autoclave treatment showed the most promising results: smaller particles (∼362 nm vs. ∼530 nm), higher homogeneity (polydispersity index = ∼0.24 vs. ∼0.47), and lower viscosity than those obtained by sonication...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Kun Qian, Zheng-Ru Kong, Jie Zhang, Xiao-Wei Cheng, Zong-Yi Wu, Cheng-Xi Gu, Hong-Xia Shao, Ai-Jian Qin
Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) can cause great economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. Baicalin, one of the flavonoids present in S.baicalensis Georgi, has been shown to have antiviral activities. To investigate whether baicalin has antiviral effects on the infection of ALV-J in DF-1 cells, the cells were treated with baicalin at different time points. We found that baicalin could inhibit viral mRNA, protein levels and overall virus infection in a dose- and time-dependent manner using a variety of assays...
February 23, 2018: Virus Research
Penghua Fang, Mei Yu, Wen Min, Dan Wan, Shiyu Han, Yizhi Shan, Rui Wang, Mingyi Shi, Zhenwen Zhang, Ping Bo
AIMS: Although baicalin could attenuate obesity-induced insulin resistance, the detailed mechanism of baicalin on glucose uptake has not been sufficiently explored as yet. The aim of this study was to survey if baicalin might facilitate glucose uptake and to explore its signal mechanisms in L6 myotubes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: L6 myotubes were treated with 100, 200, 400 μM baicalin for 6 h, 12 h and 24 h in this study. Then 2-NBDG and insulin signal protein levels in myotubes of L6 cells were examined...
March 1, 2018: Life Sciences
Guang Wang, Jianxin Liang, Lin-Rui Gao, Zhen-Peng Si, Xiao-Tan Zhang, Guo Liang, Yu Yan, Ke Li, Xin Cheng, Yongping Bao, Manli Chuai, Li-Guo Chen, Da-Xiang Lu, Xuesong Yang
In this study, the effects of Baicalin on the hyperglycemia-induced cardiovascular malformation during embryo development were investigated. Using early chick embryos, an optimal concentration of Baicalin (6 μM) was identified which could prevent hyperglycemia-induced cardiovascular malformation of embryos. Hyperglycemia-enhanced cell apoptosis was reduced in embryos and HUVECs in the presence of Baicalin. Hyperglycemia-induced excessive ROS production was inhibited when Baicalin was administered. Analyses of SOD, GSH-Px, MQAE and GABAA suggested Baicalin plays an antioxidant role in chick embryos possibly through suppression of outwardly rectifying Cl(-) in the high-glucose microenvironment...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Zhou Wang, Lingman Ma, Mengqi Su, Yiran Zhou, Ke Mao, Chengqin Li, Guangyong Peng, Changlin Zhou, Baiyong Shen, Jie Dou
Baicalin is a natural flavonoid glycoside which has potent anti-tumor and antioxidant activity in cancer cells. In the present study, we found that baicalin treatment significantly induced senescence in colon cancer cells. Furthermore, baicalin upregulated the expression of decidual protein induced by progesterone (DEPP) in HCT116 colon cancer cells, which accompanied with the activation of Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK and p16 INK4A /Rb signaling pathways. Meanwhile, these phenomena also appeared under the anti-oxidation effect exerted by baicalin...
February 13, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Hu Su, Shurui Song, Xin Yan, Limin Fang, Bin Zeng, Youlin Zhu
Salicylic acid (SA) is synthesized via the phenylalanine lyase (PAL) and isochorismate synthase (ICS) pathways and can influence the stress response in plants by regulating certain secondary metabolites. However, the association between SA and particular secondary metabolites in the Chinese medicinal plant Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi is unclear. To elucidate the association between SA and the secondary metabolites baicalin and baicalein, which constitute the primary effective components of S. baicalensis, we subjected seedlings to drought and salt stress and exogenous SA treatment in a laboratory setting and tested the expression of PAL and ICS, as well as the content of free SA (FSA), total SA (TSA), baicalin, and baicalein...
2018: PloS One
Weiwei Lai, Jiantao Jia, Bin Yan, Yiqun Jiang, Ying Shi, Ling Chen, Chao Mao, Xiaoli Liu, Haosheng Tang, Menghui Gao, Ya Cao, Shuang Liu, Yongguang Tao
Baicalin hydrate (BH), a natural compound, has been investigated for many years because of its traditional medicinal properties. However, the anti-tumor activities of BH and its epigenetic role in NPC have not been elucidated. In this study, we identified that BH inhibits NPC cell growth in vivo and in vitro by inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. BH epigenetically regulated genome instability by up-regulating the expression of satellite 2 (Sat2), alpha satellite (α-Sat), and major satellite (Major-Sat)...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Saidan Ding, Weishan Zhuge, Jiangnan Hu, Jianjing Yang, Xuebao Wang, Fangfang Wen, Chengde Wang, Qichuan Zhuge
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that D1 receptor (D1R) activation reduces GABAA receptor (GABAAR) current, and baicalin (BAI) displays therapeutic efficacy in diseases involving cognitive impairment. METHODS: We investigated the mechanisms by which BAI could improve DA-induced minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) using immunoblotting, immunofluorescence, and co-immunoprecipitation. RESULTS: BAI did not induce toxicity on the primary cultured neurons...
February 6, 2018: Psychopharmacology
Xiongjian Wu, Fachao Zhi, Weijian Lun, Qiliang Deng, Wendi Zhang
Hepatic fibrosis is a physiological response to liver injury that includes a range of cell types. The pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis currently focuses on hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation into muscle fiber cells and fibroblasts. Baicalin is a flavone glycoside. It is the glucuronide of baicalein, which is extracted from the dried roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. Previous work focused on the anti‑viral, ‑inflammatory and ‑tumor properties of baicalin. However, the potential anti‑fibrotic effects and mechanisms of baicalin are not known...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Hailong Su, Linsong Mu, Changsheng Liu
Bacalin has been reported to improve fetal lung growth by increasing fetal lung surfactant phospholipids. Therefore, the present study evaluated the effect of transplacental treatment of baicalin during lung development in rabbits with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (DH) rabbit. DH was induced in fetal rabbit on gestational day 23 and baicalin injections were administered daily until term period. Fetal survival rate, body weight and lung-to-body weight ratio (LBWR) were subsequently measured, and the expression of surfactant protein B (SPB) and Ki-67, and morphometry analysis was determined in lung tissues...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Orchid Ashraf, Maha Nasr, Marianne Nebsen, Azza Mohamed Ahmed Said, Omaima Sammour
Baicalin is a multi-purpose flavonoid used in the treatment of different ocular diseases. Owing to its poor stability in basic pH and its poor solubility, a suitable carrier system is needed to enhance its ocular therapeutic potential. Therefore, the objective of this work was to prepare and contrast different baicalin vesicular systems; namely liposomes, penetration enhancer vesicles PEVs and transfersomes. Results revealed that baicalin vesicles exhibited suitable particle size and zeta potential, high entrapment efficiency and controlled release...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Peng-Qian Wang, Qiong Liu, Wen-Juan Xu, Ya-Nan Yu, Ying-Ying Zhang, Bing Li, Jun Liu, Zhong Wang
Both baicalin (BA) and jasminoidin (JA) are active ingredients in Chinese herb medicine Scutellaria baicalensis and Fructus gardeniae, respectively. They have been shown to exert additive neuroprotective action in ischemic stroke models. In this study we used transcriptome analysis to explore the pure therapeutic mechanisms of BA, JA and their combination (BJ) contributing to phenotype variation and reversal of pathological processes. Mice with middle cerebral artery obstruction were treated with BA, JA, their combination (BJ), or concha margaritifera (CM)...
January 18, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Wei Liang, Xiaobo Huang, Wenqiang Chen
Ischemic stroke, producing a high mortality and morbidity rate, is a common clinical disease. Enhancing the prevention and control of ischemic stroke is particularly important. Baicalin and its aglycon baicalein are flavonoids extracted from Scutellaria baicalensis, an important traditional Chinese herb. In recent years, a growing body of evidences has shown that baicalin and baicalein could be effective in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. Pharmacokinetic studies have shown that baicalin could penetrate the blood-brain barrier and distribute in cerebral nuclei...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
Shulin Fu, Huashan Liu, Lei Xu, Yinsheng Qiu, Yu Liu, Zhongyuan Wu, Chun Ye, Yongqing Hou, Chien-An Andy Hu
Haemophilus parasuis (H. parasuis) can cause vascular inflammatory injury, but the molecular basis of this effect remains unclear. In this study,we investigated the effect of the anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and anti-oxidant agent, baicalin, on the nuclear factor (NF)-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway in pig primary aortic vascular endothelial cells. Activation of the NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway was induced in H. parasuis-infected cells. However, baicalin reduced the production of reactive oxygen species, apoptosis, and activation of the NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway in infected cells...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Liang Shi, Zhanxia Hao, Shaobo Zhang, Mengjuan Wei, Bin Lu, Zhengtao Wang, Lili Ji
Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity is the main cause of drug-induced liver injury. This study investigated the protection of baicalin and its aglycone baicalein against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity and its mechanism. Baicalein and baicalin alleviated APAP-induced hepatotoxicity both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, baicalin-provided this protection was not diminished in hepatocytes or mice treated with β-glucuronidase inhibitor. Results of liver glutathione (GSH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation demonstrated the alleviation of baicalein and baicalin on APAP-induced liver oxidative stress injury...
January 12, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Fei Xing, Wen-Juan Yi, Fang Miao, Meng-Yun Su, Tie-Chi Lei
Baicalin is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine commonly used for hair loss, the precise molecular mechanism of which is unknown. In the present study, the mechanism of baicalin was investigated via the topical application of baicalin to reconstituted hair follicles on mice dorsa and evaluating the effect on canonical Wnt/β‑catenin signaling in the hair follicles and the activity of dermal papillar cells. The results indicate that baicalin stimulates the expression of Wnt3a, Wnt5a, frizzled 7 and disheveled 2 whilst inhibiting the Axin/casein kinase 1α/adenomatous polyposis coli/glycogen synthase kinase 3β degradation complex, leading to accumulation of β‑catenin and activation of Wnt/β‑catenin signaling...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Xirui Yang, Qi Zhang, Zhaomeng Gao, Chunyan Yu, Lei Zhang
Baicalin is a flavonoid extracted from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, with anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic activities. The objective of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of baicalin on chondrocyte inflammatory response in OA. Different concentrations of IL-1β (0, 0.1, 2, 5 and 10 ng/mL) were used to simulate inflammatory injury in CHON-001 cells. The expression of miR-126 was altered by transfection with miR-126 mimic. Thereafter, cells were treated with baicalin, and cell viability, apoptosis, the expressions of apoptosis-related protein and pro-inflammatory factors were respectively detected using CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, qRT-PCR and western blot analysis...
January 11, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"