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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888196/differential-temporal-control-of-foxa-a-and-zic-r-b-specifies-brain-versus-notochord-fate-in-the-ascidian-embryo
#1
Tatsuro Ikeda, Yutaka Satou
In embryos of an invertebrate chordate, Ciona intestinalis, two transcription factors, Foxa.a and Zic-r.b, are required for specification of the brain and the notochord, which are derived from distinct cell lineages. In the brain lineage, Foxa.a and Zic-r.b are expressed with no temporal overlap. In the notochord lineage, Foxa.a and Zic-r.b are expressed simultaneously. In the present study, we found that the temporally non-overlapping expression of Foxa.a and Zic-r.b in the brain lineage was regulated by three repressors, Prdm1-r...
November 25, 2016: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866912/investigation-of-candidate-genes-for-osteoarthritis-based-on-gene-expression-profiles
#2
Shuanghai Dong, Tian Xia, Lei Wang, Qinghua Zhao, Jiwei Tian
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of osteoarthritis (OA) and provide valid biological information for further investigation. METHODS: Gene expression profile of GSE46750 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database. The Linear Models for Microarray Data (limma) package (Bioconductor project, http://www.bioconductor.org/packages/release/bioc/html/limma.html) was used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in inflamed OA samples. Gene Ontology function enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways enrichment analysis of DEGs were performed based on Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery data, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed based on the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins database...
November 17, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849553/stat1-regulates-marginal-zone-b-cell-differentiation-in-response-to-inflammation-and-infection-with-blood-borne-bacteria
#3
Ting-Ting Chen, Ming-Hsun Tsai, John T Kung, Kuo-I Lin, Thomas Decker, Chien-Kuo Lee
Marginal zone B (MZ B) cells can rapidly produce antibody in response to infection with blood-borne encapsulated pathogens. Although TLR-mediated activation of MZ B is known to trigger humoral immune response, the signal cascade directing this response remains undefined. Here, we demonstrate that STAT1 plays an essential role in TLR-mediated antibody response of MZ B cells. Further, the TLR-induced IgM response is impaired in a type I and type II IFN-independent manner. Although activation, proliferation, and apoptosis are not affected, both differentiation into plasma cells and IgM production are impaired in Stat1(-/-) MZ B cells...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815440/identification-of-novel-cd4-t-cell-subsets-in-the-target-tissue-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-and-their-differential-regulation-by-the-lymphotoxin-light-signaling-axis
#4
Scott Haskett, Jian Ding, Wei Zhang, Alice Thai, Patrick Cullen, Shanqin Xu, Britta Petersen, Galina Kuznetsov, Luke Jandreski, Stefan Hamann, Taylor L Reynolds, Norm Allaire, Timothy S Zheng, Michael Mingueneau
Despite being one of the most common rheumatologic diseases, there is still no disease-modifying drug for primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Advancing our knowledge of the target tissue has been limited by the low dimensionality of histology techniques and the small size of human salivary gland biopsies. In this study, we took advantage of a molecularly validated mouse model of pSS to characterize tissue-infiltrating CD4(+) T cells and their regulation by the lymphotoxin/LIGHT signaling axis. Novel cell subsets were identified by combining highly dimensional flow and mass cytometry with transcriptomic analyses...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785786/the-genetic-background-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-from-correlation-to-causality
#5
REVIEW
Werna T C Uniken Venema, Michiel D Voskuil, Gerard Dijkstra, Rinse K Weersma, Eleonora A M Festen
Recent studies have greatly improved our insight into the genetic background of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). New high throughput technologies and large-scale international collaborations have contributed to the identification of 200 independent genetic risk loci for IBD. However, in most of these loci it is unclear which gene conveys the risk for IBD. More importantly, it is unclear which variant within or near the gene is causal to the disease. Using targeted GWAS, imputation, re-sequencing of risk loci and in silico fine-mapping of densely typed loci, several causal variants have been identified in IBD risk genes, and various pathological pathways have been uncovered...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775850/clinicopathological-characteristics-and-genomic-profile-of-primary-sinonasal-tract-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-dlbcl-reveals-gain-at-1q31-and-rgs1-encoding-protein-high-rgs1-immunohistochemical-expression-associates-with-poor-overall-survival-in-dlbcl-nos
#6
Joaquim Carreras, Yara Yukie Kikuti, Sílvia Beà, Masashi Miyaoka, Shinichiro Hiraiwa, Haruka Ikoma, Ryoko Nagao, David Martin-Garcia, Itziar Salaverria, Ai Sato, Ichiki Akifumi, Giovanna Roncador, Juan F Garcia, Kiyoshi Ando, Elias Campo, Naoya Nakamura
AIMS AND METHODS: We aimed to define the clinicopathological characteristics of 29 primary sinonasal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL(sn) ) in a series of 240 DLBCL(all ()(NOS)()) including DLBCL(sn) training set (n=11) and validation set (n=18), and DLBCL(non-sn) (n=211). RESULTS: In the training set 82% had non-GCB phenotype and 18% were EBER(+) . The genomic profile showed gains((+)) of 1q21.3q31.2 (55%), 10q24.1 (46%), 11q14.1 (46%) and 18q12.1q23 (46%); losses((-)) of 6q26q27 (55%) and 9p21...
October 24, 2016: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764808/the-feedback-loop-of-litaf-and-bcl6-is-involved-in-regulating-apoptosis-in-b-cell-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#7
Yaoyao Shi, Yue Kuai, Lizhen Lei, Yuanyuan Weng, Friederike Berberich-Siebelt, Xinxia Zhang, Jinjie Wang, Yuan Zhou, Xin Jiang, Guoping Ren, Hongyang Pan, Zhengrong Mao, Ren Zhou
Dysregulation of the apoptotic pathway is widely recognized as a key step in lymphomagenesis. Notably, LITAF was initially identified as a p53-inducible gene, subsequently implicated as a tumor suppressor. Our previous study also showed LITAF to be methylated in 89.5% B-NHL samples. Conversely, deregulated expression of BCL6 is a pathogenic event in many lymphomas. Interestingly, our study found an oppositional expression of LITAF and BCL6 in B-NHL. In addition, LITAF was recently identified as a novel target gene of BCL6...
October 15, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731422/smad4-is-required-to-inhibit-osteoclastogenesis-and-maintain-bone-mass
#8
Mayu Morita, Shigeyuki Yoshida, Ryotaro Iwasaki, Tetsuro Yasui, Yuiko Sato, Tami Kobayashi, Ryuichi Watanabe, Takatsugu Oike, Kana Miyamoto, Masamichi Takami, Keiko Ozato, Chu-Xia Deng, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Sakae Tanaka, Akihiko Yoshimura, Yoshiaki Toyama, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Hiromasa Kawana, Taneaki Nakagawa, Takeshi Miyamoto
Bone homeostasis is maintained as a delicate balance between bone-resorption and bone-formation, which are coupled to maintain appropriate bone mass. A critical question is how bone-resorption is terminated to allow bone-formation to occur. Here, we show that TGFβs inhibit osteoclastogenesis and maintain bone-mass through Smad4 activity in osteoclasts. We found that latent-TGFβ1 was activated by osteoclasts to inhibit osteoclastogenesis. Osteoclast-specific Smad4 conditional knockout mice (Smad4-cKO) exhibited significantly reduced bone-mass and elevated osteoclast formation relative to controls...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704586/hypermethylation-of-prdm1-blimp-1-promoter-in-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-nasal-type-an-evidence-of-predominant-role-in-its-downregulation
#9
Zhang Zhang, Li Liang, Dong Li, Lin Nong, Jumei Liu, Linlin Qu, Yalin Zheng, Bo Zhang, Ting Li
The loss of PRDM1 expression is common in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (EN-NK/T-NT), but the role of promoter methylation in silencing PRDM1 expression remains unclear. Hence, we performed pyrosequencing analysis to evaluate the promoter methylation of PRDM1 gene in vivo and in vitro, to analyze the association between methylation and its expression, and to assess cellular effects of PRDM1 reexpression. The promoter hypermethylation of PRDM1 gene was detected in 11 of 25 EN-NK/T-NT cases (44.0%) and NK92 and NKL cells...
October 5, 2016: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696611/prdm1-blimp1-is-widely-distributed-to-the-nascent-fetal-placental-interface-in-the-mouse-gastrula
#10
Maria M Mikedis, Karen M Downs
BACKGROUND: PRDM1 is a transcriptional repressor that contributes to primordial germ cell (PGC) development. During early gastrulation, epiblast-derived PRDM1 is thought to be restricted to a lineage-segregated germ line in the allantois. However, given recent findings that PGCs overlap an allantoic progenitor pool that contributes widely to the fetal-umbilical interface, posterior PRDM1 may also contribute to soma. RESULTS: Within the posterior mouse gastrula (early streak, 12-s stages, embryonic days ∼6...
October 3, 2016: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687004/plasmablastic-lymphoma-phenotype-is-determined-by-genetic-alterations-in-myc-and-prdm1
#11
Santiago Montes-Moreno, Nerea Martinez-Magunacelaya, Tomás Zecchini-Barrese, Sonia Gonzalez de Villambrosía, Emma Linares, Tamara Ranchal, María Rodriguez-Pinilla, Ana Batlle, Laura Cereceda-Company, Jose Bernardo Revert-Arce, Carmen Almaraz, Miguel A Piris
Plasmablastic lymphoma is an uncommon aggressive non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma type defined as a high-grade large B-cell neoplasm with plasma cell phenotype. Genetic alterations in MYC have been found in a proportion (~60%) of plasmablastic lymphoma cases and lead to MYC-protein overexpression. Here, we performed a genetic and expression profile of 36 plasmablastic lymphoma cases and demonstrate that MYC overexpression is not restricted to MYC-translocated (46%) or MYC-amplified cases (11%). Furthermore, we demonstrate that recurrent somatic mutations in PRDM1 are found in 50% of plasmablastic lymphoma cases (8 of 16 cases evaluated)...
September 30, 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613090/identification-of-mir-125b-targets-involved-in-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-cell-proliferation
#12
Yikai Zhang, Chengwu Zeng, Shuai Lu, Tianyu Qin, Lijian Yang, Shaohua Chen, Jie Chen, Yangqiu Li
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by the presence of the PML-RARα fusion protein. We have previously found that PML-RARα-regulated miR-125b is highly expressed in APL; however, the characteristics of the regulatory effects and mechanisms of miR-125b involved in APL proliferation have yet to be clarified. In this study, we demonstrate that miR-125b promotes the proliferation of APL cells with the involvement of the PI3K/Akt and MAPK signaling pathways. Furthermore, we identified BTG2, MAP3K11, RPS6KA1 and PRDM1 as putative targets of miR-125b, which we verified using luciferase reporter constructs...
September 30, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585668/understanding-chemical-allergen-potency-role-of-nlrp12-and-blimp-1-in-the-induction-of-il-18-in-human-keratinocytes
#13
Angela Papale, Elena Kummer, Valentina Galbiati, Marina Marinovich, Corrado L Galli, Emanuela Corsini
Keratinocytes (KCs) play a key role in all phases of skin sensitization. We recently identified interleukin-18 (IL-18) production as useful end point for determination of contact sensitization potential of low molecular weight chemicals. The aim of this study was to identify genes involved in skin sensitizer-induced inflammasome activation and to establish their role in IL-18 production. For gene expression analysis, cells were treated for 6 h with p-phenylenediamine (PPD) as reference contact allergen; total RNA was extracted and examined with a commercially available Inflammasome Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) array...
September 1, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568520/loss-of-prdm1-blimp-1-function-contributes-to-poor-prognosis-of-activated-b-cell-like-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#14
Y Xia, Z Y Xu-Monette, A Tzankov, X Li, G C Manyam, V Murty, G Bhagat, S Zhang, L Pasqualucci, C Visco, K Dybkaer, A Chiu, A Orazi, Y Zu, K L Richards, E D Hsi, W W L Choi, J H van Krieken, J Huh, M Ponzoni, A J M Ferreri, M B Møller, B M Parsons, J N Winter, M A Piris, J Westin, N Fowler, R N Miranda, C Y Ok, Y Li, J Li, L J Medeiros, K H Young
PRDM1/BLIMP-1, a master regulator of plasma-cell differentiation, is frequently inactivated in activated B-cell-like (ABC) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Little is known about its genetic aberrations and relevant clinical implications. A large series of patients with de novo DLBCL was effectively evaluated for PRDM1/BLIMP-1 deletion, mutation, and protein expression. BLIMP-1 expression was frequently associated with the ABC phenotype and plasmablastic morphologic subtype of DLBCL, yet 63% of the ABC-DLBCL patients were negative for BLIMP-1 protein expression...
September 30, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560392/synergistic-activity-of-card11-mutant-and-bcl6-in-the-development-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-a-mouse-model
#15
Taishi Takahara, Keitaro Matsuo, Masao Seto, Shigeo Nakamura, Shinobu Tsuzuki
Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype of malignant lymphoma; it derives from germinal center (GC) B cells. Although DLBCL harbors many genetic alterations, synergistic roles between such alterations in the development of lymphoma are largely undefined. We previously established a mouse model of lymphoma by transplanting gene-transduced GC B cells into mice. Here, we chose one of the frequently mutated genes in DLBCL, Card11 mutant, to explore its possible synergy with other genes, employing our lymphoma model...
August 25, 2016: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539853/kruppel-like-factor-6-promotes-macrophage-mediated-inflammation-by-suppressing-b-cell-leukemia-lymphoma-6-expression
#16
Gun-Dong Kim, Riku Das, Lediana Goduni, Sharon McClellan, Linda D Hazlett, Ganapati H Mahabeleshwar
Macrophages are the predominant innate immune cells recruited to tissues following injury or infection. These early-responding, pro-inflammatory macrophages play an essential role in the amplification of inflammation. However, macrophage pro-inflammatory gene expression should be tightly regulated to avert host tissue damage. In this study, we identify the Kruppel-like transcription factor 6 (KLF6)-B cell leukemia/lymphoma 6 (BCL6) signaling axis as a novel regulator of macrophage inflammatory gene expression and function...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474451/prdm1-overexpression-induce-g0-g1-arrest-in-df-1-cell-line
#17
Zhiyi Wan, Yanan Lu, Lei Rui, Xiaoxue Yu, Zandong Li
PRDM1 (PR domain containing 1) is a transcriptional repressor that affects the expression of numerous genes involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and metabolism. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying PRDM1-regulated gene expression in the DF-1 cell line remain to be elucidated. In this study, we explored the role of PRDM1 in cell proliferation and cell cycle by forced expression of PRDM1 in DF-1 cells. Our results showed an absence of endogenous PRDM1 in this cell line, while exogenous PRDM1 was specifically localized to the nucleus...
October 30, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436361/rock2-signaling-is-required-to-induce-a-subset-of-t-follicular-helper-cells-through-opposing-effects-on-stats-in-autoimmune-settings
#18
Jonathan M Weiss, Wei Chen, Melanie S Nyuydzefe, Alissa Trzeciak, Ryan Flynn, James R Tonra, Suzana Marusic, Bruce R Blazar, Samuel D Waksal, Alexandra Zanin-Zhorov
Rho-associated kinase 2 (ROCK2) determines the balance between human T helper 17 (TH17) cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells. We investigated its role in the generation of T follicular helper (TFH) cells, which help to generate antibody-producing B cells under normal and autoimmune conditions. Inhibiting ROCK2 in normal human T cells or peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) decreased the number and function of TFH cells induced by activation ex vivo. Moreover, inhibition of ROCK2 activity decreased the abundance of the transcriptional regulator Bcl6 (B cell lymphoma 6) and increased that of Blimp1 by reducing the binding of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and increasing that of STAT5 to the promoters of the genes Bcl6 and PRDM1, respectively...
July 19, 2016: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436122/comparative-pan-cancer-dna-methylation-analysis-reveals-cancer-common-and-specific-patterns
#19
Xiaofei Yang, Lin Gao, Shihua Zhang
Abnormal DNA methylation is an important epigenetic regulator involving tumorigenesis. Deciphering cancer common and specific DNA methylation patterns is essential for us to understand the mechanisms of tumor development. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project provides a large number of samples of different cancers that enable a pan-cancer study of DNA methylation possible. Here we investigate cancer common and specific DNA methylation patterns among 5480 DNA methylation profiles of 15 cancer types from TCGA...
July 19, 2016: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374854/primordial-germ-cell-like-cells-derived-from-canine-adipose-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#20
Yudong Wei, Jia Fang, Shufang Cai, Changrong Lv, Shiqiang Zhang, Jinlian Hua
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that adipose mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) share the potency of typical bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs); however, there is little information concerning characteristics of canine AMSCs (CAMSCs); it has not previously been made clear whether CAMSCs would be able to differentiate into other cell types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, typical AMSC lines were established, and their characteristics including morphology, typical markers and differentiation potentiality were tested...
August 2016: Cell Proliferation
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