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Propolis depression

Carlos Borges Filho, Cristiano Ricardo Jesse, Franciele Donato, Lucian Del Fabbro, Marcelo Gomes de Gomes, André Tiago Rossito Goes, Leandro Cattelan Souza, Renata Giacomeli, Michelle Antunes, Cristiane Luchese, Silvane Souza Roman, Silvana Peterini Boeira
Chrysin is a flavonoid which is found in bee propolis, honey and various plants. Antidepressant-like effect of chrysin in chronically stressed mice was previously demonstrated by our group. Conversely, neurochemical factors associated with this effect require further investigations. Thus, we investigated the possible involvement of pro-inflammatory cytokines, kynurenine pathway (KP), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) metabolism and caspases activities in the effect of chrysin in mice exposed to unpredictable chronic stress (UCS)...
September 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Narayan D Chaurasiya, Mohamed A Ibrahim, Ilias Muhammad, Larry A Walker, Babu L Tekwani
Propolis is the resinous material that bees gather from leaf buds, flowers and vegetables. Propolis extracts contain constituents with a broad spectra of pharmacological properties and are important ingredients of popular dietary supplements. Propolis extracts were evaluated in vitro for inhibition of recombinant human monoamine oxidase (MAO)-A and MAO-B. The dichloromethane extract of propolis showed potent inhibition of human MAO-A and MAO-B. Further fractionation identified the most active fractions as rich in flavonoids...
2014: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Julia S S Reis, Gedeão B Oliveira, Marta C Monteiro, Christiane S Machado, Yohandra R Torres, Rui D Prediger, Cristiane S F Maia
PURPOSE: Propolis biological effects are mainly attributed to its polyphenolic constituents such as flavonoids and phenolic acids that were recently described in the chemical composition of an extract of propolis obtained with edible vegetal oil (OEP) by our group. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of OEP on the behavior of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in vivo open field (OF), elevated Plus-maze (EPM), and forced swimming (FS) tests were performed to evaluate locomotor activity, anxiolytic- and antidepressant effects of the extract...
September 25, 2014: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Hongzhuan Xuan, Zhen Li, Haiyue Yan, Qing Sang, Kai Wang, Qingtao He, Yuanjun Wang, Fuliang Hu
Chinese propolis has been reported to possess various biological activities such as antitumor. In present study, anticancer activity of ethanol extract of Chinese propolis (EECP) at 25, 50, 100, and 200  μ g/mL was explored by testing the cytotoxicity in MCF-7 (human breast cancer ER(+)) and MDA-MB-231 (human breast cancer ER(-)) cells. EECP revealed a dose- and time-dependent cytotoxic effect. Furthermore, annexin A7 (ANXA7), p53, nuclear factor- κ B p65 (NF- κ B p65), reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and mitochondrial membrane potential were investigated...
2014: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
O Yildiz, F Karahalil, Z Can, H Sahin, S Kolayli
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors are generally used in the treatment of depressive disorders and some neurodegenerative illnesses, such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the MAO [MAO (E.C.] inhibiting effect of various apitherapeutic products, such as chestnut honey, pollen and propolis. Extracts' MAO inhibition was measured using peroxidase-linked spectrophotometric assay in enzyme isolated from rat liver microsomes, and the values are expressed as the inhibition concentration (IC50) causing 50% inhibition of MAO...
October 2014: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Hiroshi Maruta
Over 35 years research on PAKs, RAC/CDC42(p21)-activated kinases, comes of age, and in particular PAK1 has been well known to be responsible for a variety of diseases such as cancer (mainly solid tumors), Alzheimer's disease, acquired immune deficiency syndrome and other viral/bacterial infections, inflammatory diseases (asthma and arthritis), diabetes (type 2), neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, epilepsy, depression, schizophrenia, learning disability, autism, etc. Although several distinct synthetic PAK1-blockers have been recently developed, no FDA-approved PAK1 blockers are available on the market as yet...
May 2014: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Mi-Sook Lee, Young Han Kim, Wan-Soon Park, Won Gyeong Ahn, Ok Kyu Park, Seung-Hae Kwon, Kyoji Morita, Insop Shim, Song Her
Propolis is a natural product made by honeybees that has been widely used in folk medicine with a broad spectrum of biological activities. To investigate the antidepressant-like activity of propolis extract, CD-1 mice were administered an ethanol extract of propolis (50, 100, or 200 mg/kg, p.o.) prior to the behavioral test. The propolis extract-treated group showed a dose-dependent decrease in immobility time in the FST and tail suspension test without altering locomotor activity. Propolis extract decreased the limbic hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis response to the FST as indicated by an attenuated corticosterone response and decreased in c-fos immunoreactive neurons in the hippocampal dentate gyrus...
2013: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Rui Liu, Cai-Xia Wu, Dan Zhou, Fan Yang, Shuo Tian, Li Zhang, Tian-Tai Zhang, Guan-Hua Du
BACKGROUND: It is known that amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Interaction between Aβ and the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) has been implicated in neuronal degeneration associated with this disease. Pinocembrin, a flavonoid abundant in propolis, has been reported to possess numerous biological activities beneficial to health. Our previous studies have demonstrated that pinocembrin has neuroprotective effects on ischemic and vascular dementia in animal models...
2012: BMC Medicine
Hongzhuan Xuan, Ruiliang Zhu, Yajing Li, Fuliang Hu
To understand the mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory action of Chinese propolis, we investigated its effect on the activity of phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC) that plays critical roles in control of vascular endothelial cell (VEC) function and inflammatory responses. Furthermore, p53 and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm) were investigated. Our data indicated that treatment of Chinese propolis 6.25 and 12.5 μg/ml for 12 hours increased VEC viability obviously...
2011: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Hongzhuan Xuan, Jing Zhao, Junying Miao, Yajing Li, Yafang Chu, Fuliang Hu
Brazilian propolis has been widely studied in recent years. Considering the lack of data concerning the effects of Brazilian propolis on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), we examined the effects of ethanol-extracted Brazilian propolis (EEBP) at 12.5, 25 and 50 μg/ml on apoptosis of HUVECs deprived of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) and serum. A high concentration of the extract induced HUVEC apoptosis at 24h. Furthermore, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of HUVEC apoptosis induced by EEBP by testing the levels of integrin β4, p53, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential...
January 2011: Food and Chemical Toxicology
George Hsiao, Jie J Lee, Kuang H Lin, Chia H Shen, Tsorng H Fong, Duen S Chou, Joen R Sheu
OBJECTIVE: Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), which is derived from the propolis of honeybee hives, has been demonstrated to possess multiple pharmacological activities. In the present study, CAPE (6-25 microM) specifically inhibited collagen-induced platelet aggregation and the ATP release reaction in platelet suspensions. METHODS: Platelet aggregation, flow cytometric analysis, immunoblotting, and electron spin resonance (ESR) were used to assess the anti-platelet activity of CAPE...
September 1, 2007: Cardiovascular Research
Chi-Feng Liu, Chia-Hsien Lin, Chun-Ching Lin, Yun-Ho Lin, Chin-Fa Chen, Song-Chow Lin
Acute p.o. administration of absolute ethanol (10 ml/kg) to fasted mice would produce extensive renal failure. Pretreatment with p.o. administration of propolis ethanol extract (PEE) could prevent such renal failure effectively and dose dependently. This renal protective effect of PEE may be contributed, at least in part, to its antioxidative activity. The maximal antioxidative effect against absolute ethanol (AE)-induced renal failure could be observed 1 hour after PEE administration. In order to further investigate the renal protective mechanism of PEE, lipid peroxidation and superoxide scavenging activity were conducted in vivo...
2005: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Faruk Oktem, Fehmi Ozguner, Osman Sulak, Seref Olgar, Onur Akturk, H Ramazan Yilmaz, Irfan Altuntas
Lithium carbonate used in the long-term treatment of manic-depressive illness has been reported to lead to progressive renal impairment in rats and humans. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a component of honeybee propolis, protects tissues from reactive oxygene species mediated oxidative stress in ischemia-reperfusion and toxic injuries. The beneficial effect CAPE on lithium-induced nephrotoxicity has not been reported yet. The purpose of this study was to examine a possible renoprotective effect of CAPE against lithium-induced nephrotoxicity in a rat model...
September 2005: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Pasquale Maffia, Angela Ianaro, Barbara Pisano, Francesca Borrelli, Francesco Capasso, Aldo Pinto, Armando Ialenti
1. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), an active component of propolis, was able to reduce neointimal formation in a model of endothelial injury of rat carotid artery (balloon angioplasty). Furthermore, we investigated the relationship between neointima formation and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation and we correlated NF-kappaB activation to the expression of inducible isoform of cyclo-oxygenase (COX-2) in injured carotids. 2. In control group a significant proliferation of neointima was observed 14 days after balloon angioplasty, which was correlated to an increase of NF-kappaB/DNA binding activity as well as p50/p65 nuclear levels compared to those observed in the carotids from sham-operated rats...
June 2002: British Journal of Pharmacology
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