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Alzheimers AND EPPS

Michelle Briffa, Stephanie Ghio, Johanna Neuner, Alison J Gauci, Rebecca Cacciottolo, Christelle Marchal, Mario Caruana, Christophe Cullin, Neville Vassallo, Ruben J Cauchi
A signature feature of age-related neurodegenerative proteinopathies is the misfolding and aggregation of proteins, typically amyloid-β (Aβ) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and α-synuclein (α-syn) in Parkinson's disease (PD), into soluble oligomeric structures that are highly neurotoxic. Cellular and animal models that faithfully replicate the hallmark features of these disorders are being increasing exploited to identify disease-modifying compounds. Natural compounds have been identified as a useful source of bioactive molecules with promising neuroprotective capabilities...
January 18, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Fayron Epps, Lisa Skemp, Janet K Specht
As population diversity increases, understanding what health promotion means to ethnically diverse older adults and their family members aids in the design of health programming. This understanding is particularly relevant for the African American population who experience a high prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD). The purpose of the current study was to describe family members' definition of health, health promotion activities (HPAs), barriers to HPAs, and the perceived effectiveness of HPAs for African American older adults with ADRD...
November 1, 2016: Research in Gerontological Nursing
Hye Yun Kim, Hyunjin Vincent Kim, Dongkeun K Lee, Seung-Hoon Yang, YoungSoo Kim
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by sequential progression of pathological events, such as aggregation of amyloid-β proteins, followed by outward symptoms of cognitive impairments. Given that a combination of different therapeutic strategies often provides more rapid and effective outcomes in diverse areas of clinical treatment, we hypothesized that administration of anti-amyloid drugs with cognitive enhancers would result in synergistic effects in AD treatment. Here, we co-administered 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazinepropane-sulphonic acid (EPPS), an amyloid-clearing chemical, and donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, to determine whether they could serve complementary roles for each other in regards to AD treatment...
October 31, 2016: Scientific Reports
G Akamatsu, Y Ikari, A Ohnishi, H Nishida, K Aita, M Sasaki, Y Yamamoto, M Sasaki, M Senda
Amyloid PET is useful for early and/or differential diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Quantification of amyloid deposition using PET has been employed to improve diagnosis and to monitor AD therapy, particularly in research. Although MRI is often used for segmentation of gray matter and for spatial normalization into standard Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) space where region-of-interest (ROI) template is defined, 3D MRI is not always available in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of PET-only amyloid quantification with an adaptive template and a pre-defined standard ROI template that has been empirically generated from typical cases...
August 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Hye Yun Kim, Hyunjin Vincent Kim, Seonmi Jo, C Justin Lee, Seon Young Choi, Dong Jin Kim, YoungSoo Kim
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the transition of amyloid-β (Aβ) monomers into toxic oligomers and plaques. Given that Aβ abnormality typically precedes the development of clinical symptoms, an agent capable of disaggregating existing Aβ aggregates may be advantageous. Here we report that a small molecule, 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazinepropanesulphonic acid (EPPS), binds to Aβ aggregates and converts them into monomers. The oral administration of EPPS substantially reduces hippocampus-dependent behavioural deficits, brain Aβ oligomer and plaque deposits, glial γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) release and brain inflammation in an Aβ-overexpressing, APP/PS1 transgenic mouse model when initiated after the development of severe AD-like phenotypes...
December 8, 2015: Nature Communications
Nancy C Stratman, Christine K Castle, Bruce M Taylor, Dennis E Epps, George W Melchior, Donald B Carter
Brain plaque deposits of amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and apolipoprotein E (apoE) is thought to be involved in its deposition. One hypothesis for the role of apoE in the pathogenesis of AD is that apoE may be involved in deposition or clearance of Abeta by direct protein-to-protein interaction. Lipidated apoE4 bound preferentially to an intermediate aggregated form of Abeta and formed two- to three-fold more binding complexes than isoforms apoE2 or apoE3...
October 2005: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Xiao-Dong Sun, Zun-Li Mo, Bruce M Taylor, Dennis E Epps
The mechanism by which amyloid peptide (Abeta(1-40)) produces effects on neurotransmission is currently unresolved. In initial experiments, using the patch-clamp technique, we found that 11.5 microM of preaggregated Abeta(1-40) altered the hippocampal neuron resting membrane potential and inhibited action potential firing. To identify the toxic species, the effects of Abeta(1-40) on sodium (I(Na)), calcium (I(Ca)), and potassium (I(K)) currents in hippocampal neurons were examined as a function of peptide aggregation state in a specially designed miniature recording chamber...
December 2003: Neurobiology of Disease
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