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o2 variation index

A Delextrat, M Gruet, F Bieuzen
The aim of the current study was to compare the effects of 6 weeks of small-sided game (SSG) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on aerobic fitness and muscle oxygenation during a repeated sprint (RS) sequence in elite male junior basketball players. Twenty participants (14.3 ± 0.5 years; 176.8 ± 12.5 cm; 74.5 ± 9.8 kg) performed pre- and post-tests interspersed by 6-weeks of SSG or HIIT training. Testing sessions consisted of the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test and a RS sequence (two bouts of 15-s)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Bruno Briani, Marina N Sissini, Leidson A Lucena, Manuela B Batista, Iara O Costa, José M C Nunes, Caroline Schmitz, Fernanda Ramlov, Marcelo Maraschin, Nathalie Korbee, Leonardo Rörig, Paulo A Horta, Félix L Figueroa, José B Barufi
Mycosporine-like amino acids (MAA) are ultraviolet screen substances synthesized by marine algae. The physiological function of these substances is related to cellular protection against UV radiation and as a protective mechanism against oxidative stress. These substances can be found mainly in the ocean, among red seaweeds. Its concentration in organisms has been related to ultraviolet radiation and availability of inorganic nitrogen in the environment. We start our study of MAA content in different species to understand if environmental conditions influence the concentration of MAAs in red seaweeds...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Phycology
Klaas Gunst, Frank Verstraete, Sebastian Wouters, Ors Legeza, Dimitri Van Neck
We present a new variational tree tensor network state (TTNS) ansatz, the three-legged tree tensor network state (T3NS). Physical tensors are interspersed with branching tensors. Physical tensors have one physical index and at most two virtual indices, as in the matrix product state (MPS) ansatz of the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG). Branching tensors have no physical index, but up to three virtual indices. In this way, advantages of DMRG, in particular a low computational cost and a simple implementation of symmetries, are combined with advantages of TTNS, namely incorporating more entanglement...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Hongwei Wang, Xin Sha, Sisen Zhang, Xianfa Jiao, Longxian Zhao, Yingxin Cen, Wei Song, Jing Li, Lixiang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive value of partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2) on the effect of active abdominal compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (AACD-CPR) and serum S100B protein on cerebral function. METHODS: 142 adult patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) AACD-CPR in Zhengzhou People's Hospital, Affiliated Southern Medical University from September 2014 to December 2017 were enrolled. Patients were divided into successful group and failure group according to restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) or not; and then according to Glasgow-Pittsburgh cerebral performance categories (CPC) one month after ROSC, the successful group was divided into good prognosis group (CPC 1-2) and poor prognosis group (CPC 3-5) further...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Xian Zhao, Yuhong Li, Hai-Ying Kong, Lin Zhang, Xiao-Hong Wen
RATIONALE: Survey data show approximately 10% patients with lung cancer may present concomitant coronary heart disease. Simultaneous surgery is a challenge for anesthetist. We review our experience in the anesthesia with 5 patients who required simultaneous off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) and pulmonary resection for lung cancer. PATIENT CONCERNS: Between 2014 and 2016, 5 patients with ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) grade II or III, underwent combined OPCABG and lung resection in the first Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jiří Baláš, Jan Kodejška, Dominika Krupková, Johan Hannsmann, Simon Fryer
Baláš, J, Kodejška, J, Krupková, D, Hannsmann, J, and Fryer, S. Reliability of near-infrared spectroscopy for measuring intermittent handgrip contractions in sport climbers. J Strength Cond Res 32(2): 494-501, 2018-The use of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to investigate muscle oxygenation changes during physical tasks such as rock climbing has rapidly increased within recent years; yet, there is no known measure of reliability. The current study aimed to determine intersession reliability and minimal detectable change (MDC) of continuous wave NIRS parameters during intermittent handgrip contractions in rock climbers...
February 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Chris J McManus, Jay Collison, Chris E Cooper
The purpose of the study was to compare muscle oxygenation as measured by two portable, wireless near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) devices under resting and dynamic conditions. A recently developed low-cost NIRS device (MOXY) was compared against an established PortaMon system that makes use of the spatially resolved spectroscopy algorithm. The influence of increasing external pressure on tissue oxygen saturation index (TSI) indicated that both devices are stable between 2 and 20 mmHg. However, above this pressure, MOXY reports declining TSI values...
January 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Yi Zhun Zhu, Weijun Wu, Qing Zhu, Xinhua Liu
Despite several advances in percutaneous coronary intervention and the discovery of new drugs, the incidence of myocardial infarction and deaths due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has not decreased markedly in China. The quality of life is affected seriously, which further results in great social and family burden. Many drugs, from the century-old aspirin to the newly FDA-approved Byvalson, have been proven to be effective in the treatment and prevention of CVD. As clinically reported, those life-saving drugs still have their side effects in regards to the narrow therapeutic indexes influenced by individual genetic variations...
January 19, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Lorin A Neuman-Lee, Patricia A Terletzky, Todd C Atwood, Eric M Gese, Geoffrey D Smith, Sydney Greenfield, John Pettit, Susannah S French
Assessing the health and condition of animals in their natural environment can be problematic. Many physiological metrics, including immunity, are highly influenced by specific context and recent events to which researchers may be unaware. Thus, using a multifaceted physiological approach and a context-specific analysis encompassing multiple time scales can be highly informative. Ecoimmunological tools in particular can provide important indications to the health of animals in the wild. We collected blood and hair samples from free-ranging polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in the southern Beaufort Sea and examined the influence of sex, age, and reproductive status on metrics of immunity, stress, and body condition during 2013-2015...
June 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
Seyyed Hossein Pourhosseini, Javad Hadian, Ali Sonboli, Samad Nejad Ebrahimi, Mohammad Hossein Mirjalili
Genetic and the essential oil composition variability among twelve Perovskia abrotanoides populations (PAbPs) growing wild in Iran were assessed by ISSR markers, GC-FID and GC-MS, respectively. Nine selected ISSR primers produced 119 discernible bands, of them 96 (80.7%) being polymorphic. Genetic similarity values among populations ranged between 0.07 and 0.79 which indicated a high level of genetic variation. Polymorphic information content, resolving power and marker index generated by ISSR primers were, 0...
January 19, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Jun Hu, Wei Chen, Xin Zhao, Haibin Su, Zhong Chen
Many experimental results reveal different activities among different low-index surfaces of photocatalysts. The current investigation focuses on theoretical understandings of the electronic characteristics, surface activity and stability of different low-index surfaces of BiVO4 towards water splitting using first-principles calculations. The results indicate that BiVO4 has four types of low-index surfaces, namely, the (010)T1, (010)T2, (110)T1, and (1 ̅11)T1. The different band edge potential of the surfaces, resulted from the variation of electrostatic potential, will lead to a higher oxidation ability for the (010)T1 and (010)T2 than (110)T1 and (1 ̅11)T1 surfaces...
January 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
T M Lancaster, I Ihssen, L M Brindley, D E Linden
The reward-processing network is implicated in the aetiology of obesity. Several lines of evidence suggest obesity-linked genetic risk loci (such as DRD2 and FTO) may influence individual variation in body mass index (BMI) through neuropsychological processes reflected in alterations in activation of the striatum during reward processing. However, no study has tested the broader hypotheses that (a) the relationship between BMI and reward-related brain activation (measured through the blood oxygenation-dependent (BOLD) signal) may be observed in a large population study and (b) the overall genetic architecture of these phenotypes overlap, an assumption critical for the progression of imaging genetic studies in obesity research...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
Pedro Ivo Isá Barrenha, Marcel Okamoto Tanaka, Frederico Yuri Hanai, Glaucia Pantano, Gustavo Henrique Moraes, Chubraider Xavier, Almas Taj Awan, Guilherme Martins Grosseli, Pedro Sérgio Fadini, Antonio Aparecido Mozeto
Freshwater resources are increasingly scarce due to human activities, and the understanding of water quality variations at different spatial and temporal scales is necessary for adequate management. Here, we analyze the hypotheses that (1) the presence of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) and (2) a polluted tributary that drains downstream from the WWTP change the spatial patterns of physicochemical variables (pH, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, and electrical conductivity) and nutrient concentrations (reactive soluble phosphorus, total phosphorus, nitrogen series, total nitrogen, and total dissolved carbon) along a mid-order river in SE Brazil and that these effects depend on rainfall regime...
December 23, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
J R Xue, B Li
Objective: To investigate the clinical applicability of electrical velocimetry (EV) in monitoring pediatric blood volume after cardiopulmonary bypass. Method: Between July 2016 and November 2016, 60 children with congenital heart disease were divided into EV group and traditional central venous pressure (CVP) group randomly. For EV group, the volume of fluid and vascular active medicine was adjusted according to the monitoring stroke volume variation (SVV) hemodynamic parameters. Whereas for CVP group empirical volume of fluid infusion was managed by the monitoring traditional hemodynamic parameters such as CVP, blood pressure, heart rate, urine volume and blood gas analysis...
December 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Xianzhong Xu, Alexander Eletsky, M Osman Sheikh, James H Prestegard, Christopher M West
Cullin-Ring-Ligases mediate protein polyubiquitination, a signal for degradation in the 26S-proteasome. The CRL1 class consists of Skp1/cullin-1/F-box protein/Rbx1 (SCF) complexes that cyclically associate with ubiquitin-E2 to build the polyubiquitin chain. Within the SCF complex, the 162-amino acid DdSkp1 from Dictyostelium bridges cullin-1 with an F-box protein (FBP), the specificity factor for substrate selection. The hydroxylation-dependent glycosylation of Pro143 of DdSkp1 by a pentasaccharide forms the basis of a novel O2-sensing mechanism in the social amoeba Dictyostelium and other protists...
December 18, 2017: Biochemistry
Yuri Choe, Jae-Young Han, In-Sung Choi, Hyeng-Kyu Park
BACKGROUND: Exercise intensity is a particularly important determinant of physiological responses to exercise training in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Heart rate (HR) is commonly used as a practical way of prescribing and monitoring exercise as specific intensities based on a linear relationship between the percentage of maximum HR (%HRmax ) and the percentage of maximum oxygen consumption (%VO2max ) regardless of age, gender, or exercise mode. OBJECTIVE: To examine the change in variability in the correlation between %HRmax and %VO2max after acute myocardial infarction...
December 6, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Hui Xu, Shu-Hua Shu, Di Wang, Xiao-Qing Chai, Yan-Hu Xie, Wei-De Zhou
Background: Goal-directed therapy confers a strong prognosis in patients undergoing major cardiac or noncardiac surgery. The present study investigated whether intraoperative goal-directed fluid restriction (GDFR) using stroke volume variation (SVV) and cardiac index could improve oxygenation and postoperative outcome in patients undergoing one-lung ventilation (OLV). Methods: A Total of 168 patients scheduled for elective thoracoscopic lobectomy under OLV were randomized into the GDFR protocol (group G) or conventional fluid therapy groups (group C)...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Chunmiao Zhong, Chaohui Ji, Zhuquan Dai, Kai Fu, Xiaohong Wen, Huibin Pan
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of early entreat nutrition (EN) standardized treatment on optimization of blood glucose control and prognosis in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients with mechanical ventilation (MV). METHODS: Forty-two patients with MV of ARDS admitted to Huzhou First Municipal People's Hospital from April 2015 to March 2017 were enrolled. April 1st, 2016 was taken as the time node, the patients treated from April 1st, 2015 to March 31st, 2016 were assigned in the control group (n = 20), while the patients treated from April 1st, 2016 to March 31st, 2017 were included in the experimental group (n = 22)...
December 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Denis Monneret, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, David Hupin, Delphine Maudoux, Sébastien Celle, Emilia Sforza, Frédéric Roche
OBJECTIVES: Dyslipidemia, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and hypertension are comorbid factors evidenced in adults, but poorly studied in old people. This study aimed to examine the long-term evolution of the serum lipid profile, and its relationships with SDB and blood pressure (BP) in the elderly. METHODS: A ten-year follow-up of the prospective Prognostic Indicator of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Events (PROOF) and the Autonomic Nervous System Activity, Aging and Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea (SYNAPSE) cohort, which initially included 1011 elderly subjects from the general population, and who were untreated by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
Thomas Radtke, Helge Hebestreit, Sabina Gallati, Jane E Schneiderman, Julia Braun, Daniel Stevens, Erik Hj Hulzebos, Tim Takken, Steven R Boas, Don S Urquhart, Larry C Lands, Sergio Tejero, Aleksandar Sovtic, Tiffany Dwyer, Milos Petrovic, Ryan A Harris, Chantal Karila, Daniela Savi, Jakob Usemann, Meir Mei-Zahav, Elpis Hatziagorou, Felix Ratjen, Susi Kriemler
RATIONALE: Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is expressed in human skeletal muscle cells. Variations of CFTR dysfunction among patients with CF may present an important determinant of aerobic exercise capacity in CF. Previous studies on the relationship between CFTR genotype and aerobic exercise capacity are scarce and contradictory. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to explore factors influencing aerobic exercise capacity, expressed as peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) with a specific focus on CFTR genotype in children and adults with CF...
November 15, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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