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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332341/risk-factors-for-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Meihua Qiu, Yuqing Chen, Qiao Ye
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic andprogressive fibrotic disease limited to the lungs.The course of disease varies widely, with some patients experiencing acute respiratory deterioration, a conditioncalled acute exacerbations of IPF (AE-IPF). The risk factors contributing to AE-IPF are unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigatedthe risk factors for AE-IPF. METHODS: Studies ofrisk factors for AE-IPF were identified in Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319861/different-salt-concentrations-induce-alterations-both-in-photosynthetic-parameters-and-salt-gland-activity-in-leaves-of-the-mangrove-avicennia-schaueriana
#2
Janaina Dos Santos Garcia, Ândrea Carla Dalmolin, Marcel Giovanni Costa França, Pedro Antônio Oliveira Mangabeira
Mangrove sites are constantly under tidal regimes, where there is variation of dissolved oxygen and saline content in water. This study evaluated the effects of varying salinity in Avicennia schaueriana, an abundant species in the sea-mangrove-river interface. Seedlings of A. schaueriana were harvested at the riverbank and placed in different saline and nutrient solutions in a greenhouse in order to simulate a saline flow. After 7 acclimatization days, plants were exposed to the following saline concentrations: 0, 50, 170 and 250mM NaCl, for a period of 30 days...
March 16, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285400/how-does-environmental-variation-affect-the-distribution-of-dragonfly-larvae-odonata-in-the-amazon-cerrado-transition-zone-in-central-brazil
#3
T P Mendes, A Luiza-Andrade, H S R Cabette, L Juen
This study investigated the effects of environmental variation on assemblages of dragonfly larvae (Odonata). We hypothesize that there is a significant correlation between species richness, species composition, and abundance of Odonata individuals, and habitat integrity and abiotic variables. To test this hypothesis, we sampled odonate larvae at 12 streams in the Suiá-Miçú River basin in Mato Grosso, Brazil, during three different periods of the year. Local physical and chemical variables (temperature, pH, turbidity, electrical conductivity (EC), dissolved oxygen (DO), total dissolved solids (TDS), and oxidation reduction potential (ORP)) were measured at each site using a multi-parameter probe, and integrity was assessed using the Habitat Integrity Index (HII)...
March 11, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250587/bread-wheat-progenitors-aegilops-tauschii-dd-genome-and-triticum-dicoccoides-aabb-genome-reveal-differential-antioxidative-response-under-water-stress
#4
Yadhu Suneja, Anil Kumar Gupta, Navtej Singh Bains
Antioxidant enzymes are known to play a significant role in scavenging reactive oxygen species and maintaining cellular homeostasis. Activity of four antioxidant enzymes viz., superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR) was examined in the flag leaves of nine Aegilops tauschii and three Triticum dicoccoides accessions along with two bread wheat cultivars under irrigated and rain-fed conditions. These accessions were shortlisted from a larger set on the basis of field performance for a set of morpho-physiological traits...
January 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225865/continuous-blood-purification-treatment-for-endotoxin-induced-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#5
Y Jiang, R Lin, Y Xu, S Zhang, K Cui, M Zhu, A Li, C Chen, J Yang, W Yang
This study aimed to explore the effects of continuous blood purification (CBP) treatment in pigs affected with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). A total of 12 healthy male pigs, weighing 12±1.8 kg, were randomly and equally assigned to the control and experimental groups. The ARDS pig model was prepared by intravenous injections of endotoxin (20 µg/kg). The control group was given conventional supportive therapy, while the experimental group was given continuous veno-venous hemofiltration therapy...
February 16, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140358/structural-and-emission-properties-of-tb3-doped-nitrogen-rich-silicon-oxynitride-films
#6
Christophe Labbe, Yong Tao An, Grzegorz Zatryb, Xavier Portier, Artur Podhorodecki, Philippe Marie, Cedric Frilay, Julien Cardin, Fabrice Gourbilleau
Terbium doped silicon oxynitride host matrix is suitable for various applications such as light emitter compatible with CMOS technology or frequency converter system for photovoltaic cells. In this paper, amorphous Tb3+ ions doped nitrogen rich silicon oxynitride (NRSON) thin films were fabricated by reactive magnetron co-sputtering method, using various N2 flows and annealing conditions, in order to study their structural and emission properties. The Rutherford Backscattering Scattering (RBS) measurements and the refractive index values, confirmed the silicon oxynitride nature of the films...
January 31, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134660/muscle-strength-but-not-muscle-oxidative-capacity-varies-between-the-morning-and-the-afternoon-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#7
Inez Wens, Dominique Hansen
Despite frequent muscle strength or muscle oxidative capacity (based on exercise-onset oxygen uptake [VO2] kinetics) assessments in patients with multiple sclerosis, the impact of time of day on these parameters is often not taken into account. Based on observations in healthy subjects, it remains to be studied whether muscle strength, and/or exercise-onset VO2 kinetics, varies between the morning and the afternoon in patients with multiple sclerosis. In this prospective observational pilot study, walking capacity, exercise-onset VO2 kinetics, isometric knee extension/flexion strength (dynamometry), and self-reported fatigue were measured in 11 patients with multiple sclerosis (age, 51...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116602/variation-in-oxidative-stress-indices-of-two-green-seaweeds-growing-under-different-heavy-metal-stresses
#8
Gehan A Ismail, Mona M Ismail
Concentrations of nine heavy metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) were determined in the green seaweed species Cladophora glomerata and Ulva compressa collected from El-Mex and Sidi Kirayr locations. The heavy metal concentrations in algal tissues were in direct correlation with their soluble concentrations in seawater with the descending order: Fe<Mn<Zn<Cu<Cr<Pb<Ni<Cd<Co. The bioaccumulation factor of iron and copper was higher in both tested species collected from El-Mex, while it was maximum for cadmium in Sidi Kirayr location...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099981/use-of-esophageal-hemoximetry-to-assess-the-effect-of-packed-red-blood-cell-transfusion-on-gastrointestinal-oxygenation-in-newborn-infants
#9
Farha M Vora, Judy Gates, Kimberley Gerard, Shawn Hanson, Richard L Applegate, Arlin B Blood
Objectives There are no widely accepted methods of continuously monitoring gut oxygenation in the newborn during packed red blood cell transfusion. We investigated the use of an orally inserted light spectroscopy probe to measure lower esophageal oxyhemoglobin saturations (eStO2) before, during, and after transfusion and made comparisons with abdominal near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) flow. Study Design Thirteen neonates with corrected gestational ages ranging from 22 weeks, 0 day to 37 weeks, 5 days were enrolled...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074802/goal-directed-therapy-improves-the-outcome-of-high-risk-cardiac-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Rohan Magoon, Rajinder Singh Rawat, Yatin Mehta, Sameer Taneja, R Ravi, Milind P Hote
BACKGROUND: There has been a constant emphasis on developing management strategies to improve the outcome of high-risk cardiac patients undergoing surgical revascularization. The performance of coronary artery bypass surgery on an off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) avoids the risks associated with extra-corporeal circulation. The preliminary results of goal-directed therapy (GDT) for hemodynamic management of high-risk cardiac surgical patients are encouraging. The present study was conducted to study the outcome benefits with the combined use of GDT with OPCAB as compared to the conventional hemodynamic management...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966055/severity-of-individual-obstruction-events-is-gender-dependent-in-sleep-apnea
#11
Timo Leppänen, Antti Kulkas, Brett Duce, Esa Mervaala, Juha Töyräs
PURPOSE: In obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), severity of individual obstruction events is connected to increased mortality rate and it can be significantly different in patients with similar apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). However, possible gender-dependent variation in severity of obstruction events in different OSA categories is unknown. We investigated whether the severity of obstruction events differs between genders with similar AHI and if this difference varies between OSA categories...
December 13, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930438/sympathetic-neural-activity-metabolic-parameters-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-obese-youths
#12
Pau Redón, Guido Grassi, Josep Redon, Julio Álvarez-Pitti, Empar Lurbe
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this cross-sectional study is to assess the cardiac autonomic neural activity in the presence of abnormally increased body weight in youths and its relationship to metabolic risk factors and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). METHODS: Sixty-four overweight and obese patients, aged 9-17 years, of both sexes, stratified according to the international BMI cut-off, were enrolled. Continuous ECG was recorded during 15 min in resting conditions, and the heart rate variability (HRV) was measured in the time domain, frequency domain and for nonlinear dynamics...
March 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909604/effects-of-head-position-on-cerebral-oxygenation-and-blood-flow-velocity-during-thyroidectomy
#13
Ayten Saraçoğlu, Demet Altun, Ayşen Yavru, Nihat Aksakal, İsmail Cem Sormaz, Emre Camcı
OBJECTIVE: Determining the blood flow through intra and extra-cranial arteries during neck extension may be helpful but is a controversial issue. We aimed to elucidate the changes in cerebral blood flow related to head positioning during thyroid surgery by carotid Doppler examination and regional oxygen saturation variations. METHODS: Thirty patients were recruited to the study. Patients were positioned with a final position of thyroidectomy consisting a 30° semi Fowler with the extension of neck and head...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903339/-effect-of-goal-directed-haemodynamic-management-on-the-postoperative-outcome-in-elderly-patients-with-fragile-cardiac-function-undergoing-abdominal-surgery
#14
L S Zheng, E W Gu, X H Peng, L Zhang, Y Y Cao
Objective: To investigate the effect of goal-directed haemodynamic management based on stroke volume variation (SVV), cardiac index (CI) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) on the postoperative outcome in elderly patients with fragile cardiac function undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. Methods: Ninety patients with fragile cardiac function, aged 65-90 years old, ASAⅡ or Ⅲ, NYHA Ⅱor Ⅲ, scheduled for abdominal surgery were enrolled in this study.The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: Experience anesthesia group (group E, n=45) and goal-directed hemodynamic management group (G group, n=45)...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897995/monitoring-of-physiological-parameters-to-predict-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-a-systematic-review
#15
Ahmed M Al Rajeh, John R Hurst
INTRODUCTION: The value of monitoring physiological parameters to predict chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations is controversial. A few studies have suggested benefit from domiciliary monitoring of vital signs, and/or lung function but there is no existing systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of monitoring physiological parameters to predict COPD exacerbation. METHODS: An electronic systematic search compliant with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was conducted...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867719/monitoring-cerebral-oxygenation-and-local-field-potential-with-a-variation-of-isoflurane-concentration-in-a-rat-model
#16
Dong-Hyuk Choi, Teo Jeon Shin, Seonghyun Kim, Jayyoung Bae, Dongrae Cho, Jinsil Ham, Ji-Young Park, Hyoung-Ihl Kim, Seongwook Jeong, Boreom Lee, Jae Gwan Kim
We aimed to investigate experimentally how anesthetic levels affect cerebral metabolism measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and to identify a robust marker among NIRS parameters to discriminate various stages of anesthetic depth in rats under isoflurane anesthesia. In order to record the hemodynamic changes and local field potential (LFP) in the brain, fiber-optic cannulae and custom-made microelectrodes were implanted in the frontal cortex of the skull. The NIRS and LFP signals were continuously monitored before, during and after isoflurane anesthesia...
October 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866743/a-data-mining-framework-for-exploring-the-multi-relation-between-fish-species-and-water-quality-through-self-organizing-map
#17
Wen-Ping Tsai, Shih-Pin Huang, Su-Ting Cheng, Kwang-Tsao Shao, Fi-John Chang
The steep slopes of rivers can easily lead to large variations in river water quality during typhoon seasons in Taiwan, which may poses significant impacts on riverine eco-hydrological environments. This study aims to investigate the relationship between fish communities and water quality by using artificial neural networks (ANNs) for comprehending the upstream eco-hydrological system in northern Taiwan. We collected a total of 276 heterogeneous datasets with 8 water quality parameters and 25 fish species from 10 sampling sites...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826723/performance-and-mechanism-of-triclosan-removal-in-simultaneous-nitrification-and-denitrification-snd-process-under-low-oxygen-condition
#18
Junhua Liu, Jingmin Wang, Congcong Zhao, Jianing Liu, Huijun Xie, Shuning Wang, Jian Zhang, Zhen Hu
Wastewater treatment under low dissolved oxygen (DO) conditions is promising for its low energy consumption. However, the removal process of some organic micropollutants, such as triclosan (TCS), could be inhibited under anaerobic conditions. So, it is worth investigating the TCS removal performance at low-oxygen condition. In this study, simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND) process, with DO ranging from 0.30 to 0.80 mg L(-1), was chosen to investigate. Results showed that the water quality of the effluent was deteriorated after TCS addition at the beginning, with removal efficiency of NH4(+)-N dropped from almost 100 ± 0...
February 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750131/exercise-training-effects-on-elderly-and-middle-age-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-after-acute-decompensation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Domenico Acanfora, Pietro Scicchitano, Gerardo Casucci, Bernardo Lanzillo, Nicola Capuano, Giuseppe Furgi, Chiara Acanfora, Marialaura Longobardi, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Giuseppe Piscosquito, Marco Matteo Ciccone
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of exercise training on cardiac function in heart failure (HF) patients recently suffering from acute decompensation. Radionuclide ambulatory ventricular function monitoring (VEST) was used to detect variations in cardiac hemodynamics during training period. METHODS: This was a monocentric, randomized, controlled trial. We enrolled 72 HF patients [left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) <40%] within two weeks after acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: 40 in the elderly group, 32 in the middle-aged group...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748316/seasonal-fluctuation-in-the-secretion-of-the-antioxidant-melatonin-is-not-associated-with-alterations-in-sperm-dna-damage
#20
Gunilla Malm, Trine B Haugen, Lars Rylander, Aleksander Giwercman
A high sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) is associated with reduced fertility. DFI is influenced by the balance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidants. A circannual variation in melatonin, an antioxidant and free radical scavenger, could thus impact semen quality and fertility. The association between the major melatonin metabolite, urine 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s), and DFI was analyzed in 110 Oslo men (south of the Arctic Circle) and 86 Tromsoe men (north of the Arctic Circle). Two semen analyses, summer and winter, and four urine samples (early/late summer; early/late winter), were analyzed...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Andrology
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