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Faith and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933284/-we-sometimes-hold-on-to-ours-professionals-views-on-factors-that-both-delay-and-facilitate-transition-to-adult-care
#1
Susie Aldiss, Hilary Cass, Judith Ellis, Faith Gibson
BACKGROUND: The transition from child to adult services is a crucial time in the health of young people who may potentially fall into a poorly managed "care gap." Health service provision, which fails to meet the needs of young people and families at this time of significant change, may result in deterioration in health or disengagement with services, which can have negative long-term consequences. Developing transitional care packages has become a focus of activity in the United Kingdom and elsewhere...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927217/an-assessment-of-the-effect-of-user-fee-policy-reform-on-facility-based-deliveries-in-rural-zambia
#2
Chitalu Miriam Chama-Chiliba, Steven Fredric Koch
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal health outcomes by reducing barriers to accessing maternal health services is a key goal for most developing countries. This paper analyses the effect of user fee removal, which was announced for rural areas of Zambia in April 2006, on the use of public health facilities for childbirth. METHODS: Data from the 2007 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey, including birth histories for the five years preceding the survey, is linked to administrative data and geo-referenced health facility census data...
December 7, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925076/experience-and-coping-strategies-in-relatives-of-addicts
#3
Ana Lucia de Moraes Horta, Celina Daspett, Julia Horta Tabosa do Egito, Rosa Maria Stefanini de Macedo
Objective: to understand the experience and coping strategies in relatives of drug addicts. Method: a study was developed with 87 relatives of addicts, registered in two Basic Health Units. The focus group was used as the study method, and content analysis was applied. Results: four categories were chosen: perception of relatives about the drug addiction of their family members; feelings and attitudes related to being a relative of an addict; difficulties found in the process; and, coping strategies...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918407/pioneering-a-national-advanced-practice-leadership-council-to-enhance-care-delivery-in-a-large-19-state-health-system
#4
Dixie Harms, Julianne Z Ewen, Matt Metsker, Jay Swanson, Kimberly H Oas
This article describes an innovative approach to enhancing the capacity of advanced practice clinicians (APCs) in a large faith-based health system consisting of multiple markets across the United States. With the challenges in health care today, promotion of advanced practice is vital to increasing quality and access to care while maintaining cost-effectiveness. The development of a national Advanced Practice Leadership Council led by the Vice President of Advanced Practice at Catholic Health Initiatives has been a progressive approach in mitigating the challenges facing APCs in today's health care arena...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911847/zika-virus-cell-tropism-in-the-developing-human-brain-and-inhibition-by-azithromycin
#5
Hanna Retallack, Elizabeth Di Lullo, Carolina Arias, Kristeene A Knopp, Matthew T Laurie, Carmen Sandoval-Espinosa, Walter R Mancia Leon, Robert Krencik, Erik M Ullian, Julien Spatazza, Alex A Pollen, Caleigh Mandel-Brehm, Tomasz J Nowakowski, Arnold R Kriegstein, Joseph L DeRisi
The rapid spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) and its association with abnormal brain development constitute a global health emergency. Congenital ZIKV infection produces a range of mild to severe pathologies, including microcephaly. To understand the pathophysiology of ZIKV infection, we used models of the developing brain that faithfully recapitulate the tissue architecture in early to midgestation. We identify the brain cell populations that are most susceptible to ZIKV infection in primary human tissue, provide evidence for a mechanism of viral entry, and show that a commonly used antibiotic protects cultured brain cells by reducing viral proliferation...
November 29, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905934/estimation-of-country-specific-and-global-prevalence-of-male-circumcision
#6
Brian J Morris, Richard G Wamai, Esther B Henebeng, Aaron Ar Tobian, Jeffrey D Klausner, Joya Banerjee, Catherine A Hankins
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision (MC) status and genital infection risk are interlinked and MC is now part of HIV prevention programs worldwide. Current MC prevalence is not known for all countries globally. Our aim was to provide estimates for country-specific and global MC prevalence. METHODS: MC prevalence data were obtained by searches in PubMed, Demographic and Health Surveys, AIDS Indicator Surveys, and Behavioural Surveillance Surveys. Male age was ≥15 years in most surveys...
March 1, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#7
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898175/interventions-for-promoting-participation-in-shared-decision-making-for-children-with-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Imelda Coyne, Dónal P O'Mathúna, Faith Gibson, Linda Shields, Edith Leclercq, Greg Sheaf
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane systematic review of shared decision-making (SMD) making published in 2013. Children's rights to have their views heard in matters that affect their lives are now well established since the publication of the UN Convention treaty (1989). Children with cancer generally prefer to be involved in decision-making and consider it important that they have the opportunity to take part in decision-making concerning their health care, even in end-of-life decisions...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875073/orthodox-jewish-thought-leaders-insights-regarding-brca-mutations-a-descriptive-study
#9
Toby Bressler, Beth Popp
PURPOSE: To examine the factors that influence Orthodox Jewish (OJ) thought leaders' perceptions of genetic counseling and testing for BRCA mutations. The specific aims of this study were to describe (1) OJ thought leaders' views on genetic counseling and testing for BRCA mutation status and (2) insights into this high-risk faith-based minority group and their beliefs about counseling and testing for BRCA mutations. METHODS: In-depth focus groups and demographic questionnaires were used in this descriptive, qualitative study, which was performed in the cancer center of a 750-bed community teaching hospital in Brooklyn, New York...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870718/self-reported-preparedness-to-respond-to-mass-fatality-incidents-in-38-state-health-departments
#10
Jacqueline Merrill, Qi Zhi, Robyn R Gershon
CONTEXT: Public health departments play an important role in the preparation and response to mass fatality incidents (MFIs). OBJECTIVE: To describe MFI response capabilities of US state health departments. DESIGN: The data are part of a multisector cross-sectional study aimed at 5 sectors that comprise the US mass fatality infrastructure. Data were collected over a 6-week period via a self-administered, anonymous Web-based survey. SETTING: In 2014, a link to the survey was distributed via e-mail to health departments in 50 states and the District of Columbia...
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864519/faith-and-marital-violence-in-sub-saharan-africa-exploring-the-links-between-religious-affiliation-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-ghana
#11
Baffour K Takyi, Enoch Lamptey
Research shows that intimate partner violence is quite widespread throughout the world. In the case of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), studies have concluded that cultural and economic factors help to sustain the spread and maintenance of intimate partner violence in the region. Although the cultural interpretations predominate in current research, few have examined the links between religion, an important cultural variable, and intimate partner violence in SSA. Given the growth and importance of religion in African cultures, we used data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic Health Survey (n = 1,831) and ordinary least squares regression method to investigate the links between religious affiliation and intimate partner violence...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863582/vehicle-of-hope-faith-based-disaster-response
#12
REVIEW
Deborah J Persell
In August 2005, the United States experienced one of the most catastrophic and costly disasters in its history: Hurricane Katrina. Faith-based Organizations (FBOs) made a major contribution to the response and recovery efforts. Whereas the activities and skill sets of FBOs vary, their core missions are very similar: they want to provide hope. As a concept, hope has been purported to be essential for health and well-being, is viewed as multidimensional and a life force, as well as is highly individualized. This mixed methods study used interviews of the phenomenology tradition and the Herth Hope Index...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863344/selection-criteria-limit-generalizability-of-smoking-pharmacotherapy-studies-differentially-across-clinical-trials-and-laboratory-studies-a-systematic-review-on-varenicline
#13
REVIEW
Courtney A Motschman, Julie C Gass, Jennifer M Wray, Lisa J Germeroth, Nicolas J Schlienz, Diana A Munoz, Faith E Moore, Jessica D Rhodes, Larry W Hawk, Stephen T Tiffany
BACKGROUND: The selection criteria used in clinical trials for smoking cessation and in laboratory studies that seek to understand mechanisms responsible for treatment outcomes may limit their generalizability to one another and to the general population. METHODS: We reviewed studies on varenicline versus placebo and compared eligibility criteria and participant characteristics of clinical trials (N=23) and laboratory studies (N=22) across study type and to nationally representative survey data on adult, daily USA smokers (2014 National Health Interview Survey; 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health)...
December 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860214/infusing-diversity-and-equity-into-clinical-teaching-training-the-trainers
#14
Karline Wilson-Mitchell, Manavi Handa
Clinical instructors in health care disciplines are charged with engaging students in experiential learning wherein respect and cultural sensitivity is applied. This article reports on the results of 3 diversity workshops conducted for clinical preceptors and field instructors from various disciplines. The workshops were developed in response to students' growing concerns that their academic learning experiences were negatively affected by dissatisfying management of differences between students, faculty, and preceptors with respect to ethno-racial group membership, socioeconomic level, and degree of privilege and power...
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851785/implementation-of-patient-centered-education-for-chronic-disease-management-in-uganda-an-effectiveness-study
#15
Trishul Siddharthan, Tracy Rabin, Maureen E Canavan, Faith Nassali, Phillip Kirchhoff, Robert Kalyesubula, Steven Coca, Asghar Rastegar, Felix Knauf
BACKGROUND: The majority of non-communicable disease related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Patient-centered care is an essential component of chronic disease management in high income settings. OBJECTIVE: To examine feasibility of implementation of a validated patient-centered education tool among patients with heart failure in Uganda. DESIGN: Mixed-methods, prospective cohort. SETTINGS: A private and public cardiology clinic in Mulago National Referral and Teaching Hospital, Kampala, Uganda...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842544/experiences-and-perceptions-of-ghanaian-midwives-on-labour-pain-and-religious-beliefs-and-practices-influencing-their-care-of-women-in-labour
#16
Lydia Aziato, Hannah Antwi Ohemeng, Cephas N Omenyo
BACKGROUND: Beliefs surrounding pain during childbirth has biblical foundations that contribute to labour pain being viewed as a natural phenomenon. Contemporary health care promotes evidence-based labour pain management but the faith of the midwife may influence her midwifery practice regarding labour pain management. Therefore this study sought to gain in-depth insight into the experiences and perceptions of midwives regarding labour pain and the religious beliefs and practices influencing their care of women in labour in Ghana...
November 14, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842468/the-role-of-faith-based-organizations-in-the-depression-care-of-african-americans-and-hispanics-in-los-angeles
#17
Michelle Dalencour, Eunice C Wong, Lingqi Tang, Elizabeth Dixon, Aziza Lucas-Wright, Kenneth Wells, Jeanne Miranda
OBJECTIVE: This study examined use of depression care provided by faith-based organizations (FBOs) by African Americans and Hispanics and factors associated with the receipt of such care, including mental illness severity and use of traditional mental health services. METHODS: The study used baseline data from the Community Partners in Care study, a group-randomized trial comparing a community-partnered approach with a technical-assistance approach to improving depression care in underresourced communities in Los Angeles...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837454/diabetes-and-hypertension-in-marshallese-adults-results-from-faith-based-health-screenings
#18
Pearl Anna McElfish, Brett Rowland, Christopher R Long, Jonell Hudson, Michelle Piel, Bill Buron, Sheldon Riklon, Williamina Ioanna Bing, T Scott Warmack
BACKGROUND: The Pacific Islander population in the USA is growing rapidly. However, research on Pacific Islanders in the USA is limited, or sometimes misleading due to aggregation with Asian Americans. This project seeks to add to the dearth of health literature by conducting a health assessment of Marshallese in northwest Arkansas. METHODS: Using a community-based participatory research approach, nine health screening events were conducted at local Marshallese churches...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836079/availability-and-utilization-of-obstetric-and-newborn-care-in-guinea-a-national-needs-assessment
#19
Adama Baguiya, Ivlabèhiré Bertrand Meda, Tieba Millogo, Mamadou Kourouma, Halima Mouniri, Seni Kouanda
OBJECTIVE: To assess the availability and utilization of emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) in Guinea given the high maternal and neonatal mortality rates. METHODS: We used the Guinea 2012 needs assessment data collected via a national cross-sectional census of health facilities conducted from September to October 2012. All public, private, and faith-based health facilities that performed at least one delivery during the period of the study were included...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834506/evidence-based-considerations-and-recommendations-for-athletic-trainers-caring-for-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Elizabeth S Wolfe, Kelly J Madden
CONTEXT:  Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be noncompliant, impulsive, and disruptive in an athletic training or physical rehabilitation facility. Athletic trainers (ATs) are valuable and essential health care providers for active patients with ADHD. However, for a patient with ADHD to have a successful outcome in a busy athletic training environment, the AT or health care provider must tailor the treatment setting to the patient's needs. OBJECTIVE:  To educate and raise awareness among ATs about patients with ADHD and to provide ATs with strategies and tools that will allow them to treat patients with ADHD more effectively...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
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