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Faith and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340269/examining-relationships-between-perceptions-and-objective-assessments-of-neighborhood-environment-and-sedentary-time-data-from-the-washington-d-c-cardiovascular-health-and-needs-assessment
#1
Chaarushi Ahuja, Colby Ayers, Jacob Hartz, Joel Adu-Brimpong, Samantha Thomas, Valerie Mitchell, Marlene Peters-Lawrence, Dana Sampson, Alyssa T Brooks, Gwenyth Wallen, Allan Johnson, Lennox Graham, Avis Graham, Joshua Rivers, Leah Yingling, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Sedentary time (ST) and neighborhood environment (NE) are predictors of cardiovascular (CV) health. However, little is known about ST's relationship with NE. We examined associations of perceived and objective NE with ST in the predominantly African American faith-based population of the Washington, D.C. CV Health and Needs Assessment. After using community-based research principles, participants reported NE perceptions, including sidewalks, recreational areas, and crime presence. Factor analysis was conducted to explore pertinent constructs; factor sums were created and combined as Total Perception Score (TPS) (higher score = more favorable perception)...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338731/effective-nationwide-school-based-participatory-extramural-program-on-adolescent-body-mass-index-health-knowledge-and-behaviors
#2
Moonseong Heo, Camille C Jimenez, Jean Lim, Carmen R Isasi, Arthur E Blank, David W Lounsbury, Lynn Fredericks, Michelle Bouchard, Myles S Faith, Judith Wylie
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is a major public health concern. Open to all high school students regardless of weight status, HealthCorps is a nationwide program offering a comprehensive high school-based participatory educational program to indirectly address obesity. We tested a hypothesis that the HealthCorps program would decrease BMI z-scores among overweight or obese students, and reduce obesity rates, and evaluated its effects on health knowledge and behaviors. METHODS: HealthCorps aimed to improve student knowledge and behaviors regarding nutrition quality, physical activity, sleep, breakfast intake, and mental resilience...
January 16, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323832/influences-of-a-church-based-intervention-on-falls-risk-among-seniors
#3
Morgan Briggs, Jeffrey A Morzinski, Julie Ellis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior studies illustrate that community-based programs effectively decrease falls risk in older adults and that faith-based programs improve health behaviors. The literature is unclear whether faith-based initiatives reduce seniors' fall risks. To tackle this gap, a long-term partnership led by 10 urban churches, a nearby nursing school, and a medical school developed a study with 3 objectives: determine baseline health concerns associated with falls (eg, depression, polypharmacy), implement a nurse-led, faith-based health education initiative for community-dwelling African American seniors at-risk of hospitalization, and assess pre- to post -program fall frequency...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316161/tidying-up
#4
William C Dodson
The practice of medicine can be messy: inconsistent diagnostic criteria, imprecise laboratory results, and uncertain exposure effects, all of which convey enormous implications for public health. At times the clinician seems to be directing care based on faith rather than evidence. The natural consequence is polarization into groups of skeptics and devotees instead of consensus. One only has to review the history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) to understand just how untidy medical practice can be. This article is protected by copyright...
January 9, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308971/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-kap-toward-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-among-young-workers-in-south-china
#5
Yu Ma, Tiegang Li, Wanqi Chen, Jiandong Chen, Meixia Li, Zhicong Yang
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against seasonal influenza is usually very protective. However, coverage in service workers is low due to the large population density and high turnover. The aim of this study was to document the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards the influenza vaccine among young service workers. METHODS: A face-to-face interview and questionnaire were administered at the Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention (GZCDC) clinic. The questionnaires were analyzed to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and willingness to vaccinate in the service industry population...
January 8, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306608/perspective-of-older-african-american-and-non-hispanic-white-breast-cancer-survivors-from-diverse-socioeconomic-backgrounds-toward-physical-activity-a-qualitative-study
#6
Cynthia Owusu, Elizabeth Antognoli, Nora Nock, Paul Hergenroeder, Kristina Austin, Elizabeth Bennet, Nathan A Berger, Stephen Cerne, Katelyn Foraker, Kevin Heine, Ellen Heyman, Halle Moore, Jean Petkac, Mark Schluchter, Kathryn H Schmitz, Anastasia Whitson, Susan Flocke
BACKGROUND: We sought to explore the perspective of older breast cancer survivors (BCS) from diverse racial and socioeconomic backgrounds toward physical activity (PA) to inform the design of a PA program that fosters acceptability. METHODS: Participants included sixty women, ≥65years, within two years of treatment completion for stage I-III breast cancer. We purposely sampled ≥ten patients in each race [African-American (AA) and Non-Hispanic White (NHW)] and socioeconomic status (SES) [SES disadvantaged and SES non-disadvantaged] group...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300099/sexual-risk-among-african-american-girls-seeking-psychiatric-care-a-social-personal-framework
#7
Geri Donenberg, Erin Emerson, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Faith Fletcher
OBJECTIVE: This study examined individual and social factors associated with sexual risk behavior among African American girls seeking outpatient mental health services across 2 years and key developmental transitions. METHOD: African American females 12-16 years old (M = 14.5; SD = 1.15; n = 266) were recruited from eight outpatient mental health clinics and completed interviewer-administered and computer-assisted measures at baseline, 12, and 24 months. Analyses tested individual attributes (externalizing and internalizing problems) and family context (maternal acceptance-rejection, mother-daughter communication about sex) at baseline, peer influences (peer support of substance use, girlfriend dating behavior) and partner relationship characteristics (rejection sensitivity, partner risk communication frequency and openness) at 12 months, and girls' sexual behavior at 24 months...
January 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298633/objective-and-subjective-cancer-knowledge-among-faith-based-chinese-adults
#8
Su-I Hou, Ling Jie Liu
This study examined cancer knowledge between church-going younger versus older Chinese adults. Hou's 8-item validated cancer screening knowledge test (CSKT) and a new 14-item cancer warning signs test (CWST) were used to assess objective knowledge. Subjective knowledge was measured by one overall 5-point Likert scale item. A total of 372 Taiwanese and Chinese Americans from nine churches participated. Although there were no significant differences by age on either the CSKT scores (younger = 5.89 vs. older = 5...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294869/a-qualitative-study-with-women-living-with-hiv-on-perceived-gender-norms-and-experiences-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-northern-vietnam
#9
Rebecca B Hershow, Madhura Bhadra, Nguyen Vu Tuyet Mai, Teerada Sripaipan, Tran Viet Ha, Vivian F Go
Although the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Southeast Asia is one of the highest in the world, IPV remains understudied in the region, especially among women living with HIV (WLWH). This study aims to understand how gender and violence norms influence how WLWH interpret and prioritize violence as a health issue. We also explore whether HIV disclosure was seen as a trigger for IPV. We conducted in-depth interviews with 20 WLWH (median age = 35.5 years; range = 28-54 years) in northern Vietnam...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285629/higher-risk-of-gastric-cancer-among-immigrants-to-ontario-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study-with-over-2-million-individuals
#10
Rinku Sutradhar, Nnenna Asidianya, Faith Lee, Natalie Coburn, Linda Rabeneck, Lawrence Paszat
BACKGROUND: The risk of gastric carcinoma (GC) varies around the world and between females and males. We aimed to compare the risk of GC among immigrants to Ontario, Canada, to the risk of GC in its general population. METHODS: This was a retrospective population-based matched cohort study from 1991 to 2014. We identified immigrants who were first eligible for the Ontario Health Insurance Plan at age 40 years or older, and matched 5 controls by year of birth and sex...
December 28, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282112/religious-leaders-perceptions-of-advance-care-planning-a-secondary-analysis-of-interviews-with-buddhist-christian-hindu-islamic-jewish-sikh-and-bah%C3%A3-%C3%A3-leaders
#11
Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Clare O'Callaghan, Leanne Boyd, Margaret Staples
BACKGROUND: International guidance for advance care planning (ACP) supports the integration of spiritual and religious aspects of care within the planning process. Religious leaders' perspectives could improve how ACP programs respect patients' faith backgrounds. This study aimed to examine: (i) how religious leaders understand and consider ACP and its implications, including (ii) how religion affects followers' approaches to end-of-life care and ACP, and (iii) their implications for healthcare...
December 28, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282055/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-community-pharmacists-on-generic-medicines-in-palestine-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Naser Y Shraim, Tasneem A Al Taha, Rawan F Qawasmeh, Hiba N Jarrar, Maram A N Shtaya, Lama A Shayeb, Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Generic substitution in several countries has become a common practice. Besides, it is considered as a major cost minimizing strategy meant to contain pharmaceutical expenditure without compromising healthcare quality. However, the safety and quality issues of generic products are of top concerns of general practitioners and health work professionals. This study aimed to investigate community pharmacist's knowledge, attitudes and practices toward generic medicines in Palestine...
December 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250442/conceptualising-the-factors-affecting-retention-in-care-of-patients-on-antiretroviral-treatment-in-kabwe-district-zambia-using-the-ecological-framework
#13
Ferdinand C Mukumbang, Joyce Chali Mwale, Brian van Wyk
Background: HIV remains a major public health challenge in Zambia. The roll-out of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has engendered new challenges in retention in care. Objective: To conceptualise the factors affecting retention in care of ART patients at three primary healthcare facilities using the ecological framework. Method: Qualitative data were collected through in-depth interviews with 45 ART patients and three focus group discussions with 20 healthcare providers from three primary healthcare facilities in Kabwe district, Zambia, and subjected to thematic content analysis...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249897/is-it-time-for-a-sudden-infant-death-syndrome-sids-awareness-campaign-community-stakeholders-perceptions-of-sids
#14
Audra Gollenberg, Kim Fendley
Background: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains a leading cause of infant death in the United States and in Virginia, the SIDS rate is higher than the national average. We sought to gauge the perceptions among community-identified stakeholders as to community resource needs to reduce SIDS. Methods: We used snowball sampling to identify important community stakeholders to be interviewed as key informants. A semi-structured interview lasting 45 min-2 hours was delivered to determine resource needs to reduce SIDS, and whether high-risk community members were aware of SIDS risk factors among stakeholders representing a variety of disciplines...
2018: Child care in practice: Northern Ireland journal of multi-disciplinary child care practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231668/ecclesiastical-endorsing-organizations-final-rule
#15
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its medical regulations by establishing in regulation the eligibility requirements that ecclesiastical endorsing organizations must meet in order to provide ecclesiastical endorsements of individuals seeking employment as VA chaplains, or of individuals who are seeking to be engaged by VA under contract or appointed as on-facility fee basis VA chaplains under the United States Code. VA considers veterans' spiritual care an integral part of their overall health care...
November 8, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229644/narrative-approach-in-understanding-the-drivers-for-resilience-of-military-combat-medics
#16
Cristel Antonia Russell, S W Gibbons, P A Abraham, E R Howe, P Deuster, D W Russell
INTRODUCTION: Qualitative insights may demonstrate how combat medics (CM) deal with stressors and identify how resilience can potentially develop. Yet, qualitative research is scant in comparison to the many quantitative studies of health outcomes associated with military service. METHOD: Semistructured qualitative interviews were used to collect personal narratives of US Army CMs who had previously served in Iraq or Afghanistan. RESULTS: Thematic analysis revealed three key driving forces for how resilience develops in the context of combat and war...
December 10, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229011/making-sense-of-loss-through-spirituality-perspectives-of-african-american-family-members-who-have-experienced-the-death-of-a-close-family-member-to-cancer
#17
Jill B Hamilton, Nakia C Best, Jessica S Wells, Valarie C Worthy
OBJECTIVE: Among African Americans, spirituality is meaning or purpose in life and a faith in God who is in control of health and there to provide support and guidance in illness situations. Using qualitative methods, we explored the use of spirituality to make sense of the end-of-life and bereavement experiences among family members of a deceased cancer patient. METHOD: Data in this report come from 19 African Americans who experienced the loss of a family member to cancer...
December 12, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222785/neuronal-cell-morphology-in-primary-cerebellar-granule-cells-using-high-content-analysis
#18
Nicholas Radio, Steven Frank
Neurite outgrowth, one of the underlying cellular processes that defines the development and functionality of the mammalian nervous system, is also a sensitive indicator of neuronal cell health. From screening libraries of putative neurotherapeutic compounds to analyzing the millions of environmental pollutants for which we have inadequate neurotoxicity safety data, the large volume of chemical compounds that require evaluation is a major obstacle for manual imaging and analysis methods. In this context, high-content analysis (HCA) has emerged as a sensitive and accurate method for detecting changes in neuronal cell morphology within a format applicable to screening large chemical libraries...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217481/dna-damage-and-repair-proteins-in-cellular-response-to-sulfur-mustard-in-iranian-veterans-more-than-two-decades-after-exposure
#19
Shahriar Khateri, Mahdi Balali-Mood, Peter Blain, Faith Williams, Paul Jowsey, Mohammad Reza Soroush, Effat Behravan, Mahmood Sadeghi
Delayed effects of sulfur mustard (SM) exposure on the levels of five important damage/repair proteins were investigated in 40 SM-exposed veterans of Iran-Iraq war and 35 unexposed controls. A major DNA damage biomarker protein - phosphorylated H2AX - along with four DNA repair proteins in cell response to the genome damage MRE11, NBS1, RAD51, and XPA were evaluated in blood lymphocytes from the veterans and controls using western blotting. Mean levels of XPA, MRE11, RAD51 and NBS1 were lower in SM-exposed patients and the decrease in NBS1 was significant...
December 4, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215961/analysis-of-air-quality-in-dire-dawa-ethiopia
#20
Oluwasinaayomi Faith Kasim, Muluneh Woldetisadik Abshare, Samuel Babatunde Agbola
Ambient air quality was monitored and analysed to develop air quality index and its implications for liveability and climate change in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. Using survey research design, 16 geo-referenced locations, representing different land uses, were randomly selected and assessed for sulphur dioxide (SO2) nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO),Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) and meteorological parameters (temperature and relative humidity). The study found mean concentrations across all land uses for SO2 of 0...
December 7, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
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