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Faith and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811737/learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-for-a-better-life-a-church-based-physical-activity-intervention-baseline-participant-characteristics
#1
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Njeri Karanja
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for health, yet most African American women do not achieve recommended levels. Successful, sustainable strategies could help to address disparities in health outcomes associated with low levels of PA. The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-based and a secular intervention for increasing PA with a self-guided control group. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This cluster randomized, controlled trial was conducted from 2010 - 2011 in African American churches (n=31) in suburban North Carolina...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811733/community-partners-in-care-6-month-outcomes-of-two-quality-improvement-depression-care-interventions-in-male-participants
#2
Pratik Mehta, Anthony Brown, Bowen Chung, Felica Jones, Lingqi Tang, James Gilmore, Jeanne Miranda, Kenneth Wells
OBJECTIVE: Limited data exist on approaches to improve depression services for men in under-resourced communities. This article explores this issue using a sub-analysis of male participants in Community Partners in Care (CPIC). DESIGN: Community partnered, cluster, randomized trial. SETTING: Hollywood-Metropolitan and South Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS: 423 adult male clients with modified depression (PHQ-8 score≥10)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799851/the-role-of-internalized-homonegativity-in-the-faith-and-psychological-health-of-lesbians
#3
Dane R Whicker, Ed de St Aubin, Kim Skerven
Among lesbians, faith-based beliefs and behaviors may be associated with negative psychological health due to the interplay between religious and sexual identities. The present study examined health outcomes, faith-based beliefs (views of God as loving and controlling), faith-based behaviors (personal spiritual practices, religious activities), and internalized homonegativity in a sample of 225 self-identified lesbians. We hypothesized that internalized homonegativity would moderate the relationship between health outcomes and faith-based beliefs and behaviors among lesbians...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793835/culturally-tailoring-a-patient-empowerment-and-diabetes-education-curriculum-for-the-african-american-church
#4
Eric Whitney, Elijah Kindred, Abdullah Pratt, Yolanda O'Neal, Rev Chauncey P Harrison, Monica E Peek
Purpose The African American church has long been recognized as a valuable partner for health interventions in the community. While an extensive literature exists documenting the potential efficacy of diabetes education programs in church settings, there has yet to be an effort to leverage spiritual beliefs and practices to promote diabetes self-management and shared decision making within a faith-based framework that is culturally tailored to the African American church. The purpose of this article is to describe the translation of a clinic-based diabetes education program into faith-based education curriculum tailored for use in the African American church...
August 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776192/role-of-religious-social-support-in-longitudinal-relationships-between-religiosity-and-health-related-outcomes-in-african-americans
#5
Cheryl L Holt, David L Roth, Jin Huang, Eddie M Clark
This study tested a longitudinal model of religious social support as a potential mediator of the relationship between religious beliefs and behaviors, and multiple health-related outcomes (e.g., depressive symptoms, functioning, diet, alcohol use, cancer screening). A national probability sample of African Americans enrolled in the religion and health in African Americans study completed three waves of telephone interviews over a 5-year period (N = 766). Longitudinal structural equation models indicated that religious behaviors, but not beliefs, predicted the slowing of a modest overall decline in positive religious social support, while negative interactions with congregational members were stable...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776123/self-efficacy-and-nutrition-education-a-study-of-the-effect-of-an-intervention-with-faith-community-nurses
#6
Beth Gotwals
The faith community provides an important access point for practice focused on population health at a time when health issues such as obesity and overweight are affecting large number of Americans. The purpose of this study was to examine faith community nurses' self-efficacy perceptions following a nutrition educational intervention. A convenience sample of 92 faith community nurses were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The t-distribution analysis revealed significant differences between the nutrition knowledge self-efficacy (p = ...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776115/social-justice-epidemiology-and-health-inequalities
#7
Michael Marmot
A lifetime spent studying how social determinants of health lead to health inequalities has clarified many issues. First is that social stratification is an appropriate topic of study for epidemiologists. To ignore it would be to ignore a major source of variation in health in society. Not only is the social gradient in health appropriate to study but we have made progress both in understanding its causes and what can be done to address them. Post-modern 'critical theory' raises questions about the social construction of science...
August 3, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767584/effects-of-a-rational-emotive-health-education-intervention-on-stress-management-and-irrational-beliefs-among-technical-college-teachers-in-southeast-nigeria
#8
Samuel C Ugwoke, Chiedu Eseadi, Chima C Igbokwe, Gertrude T U Chiaha, Okechukwu O Nwaubani, Chibueze Tobias Orji, Leonard T Ugwuanyi, Ifeoma S Chukwuma, Edith C Edikpa, Vera N Ogakwu, Eucharia A Onu, Patricia Agu, Ujunwa A Nwobi, Faith Omeke, Francisca C Okeke, Rita N Ezema, Lawretta I Abugu
BACKGROUND: Stress is the product of how an individual reacts and adapts to the specific demands and threats they encounter while carrying out given tasks. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a rational-emotive health education intervention (REHEI) on stress management, and irrational beliefs in a sample of technical college teachers in Southeast Nigeria. METHOD: The study design was a pretest-posttest control group. Repeated measures analysis of variance, paired t test and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to analyze the data collected...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761606/malaria-morbidity-and-mortality-trends-in-manicaland-province-zimbabwe-2005-2014
#9
Faith Mutsigiri, Patron Trish Mafaune, More Mungati, Gerald Shambira, Donewell Bangure, Tsitsi Juru, Notion Tafara Gombe, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: Zimbabwe targets reducing malaria incidence from 22/1000 in 2012 to 10/1000 by 2017, and malaria deaths to near zero by 2017. As the country moves forward with the malaria elimination efforts, it is crucial to monitor trends in malaria morbidity and mortality in the affected areas. In 2013, Manicaland Province contributed 51% of all malaria cases and 35% of all malaria deaths in Zimbabwe. This analysis describes the trends in malaria incidence, case fatality and malaria outpatient workload compared to the general outpatient workload...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761599/factors-associated-with-severe-malaria-among-children-below-ten-years-in-mutasa-and-nyanga-districts-zimbabwe-2014-2015
#10
Faith Mutsigiri-Murewanhema, Patron Trish Mafaune, Gerald Shambira, Tsitsi Juru, Donewell Bangure, More Mungati, Notion Tafara Gombe, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: Severe malaria is a rare life threatening illness. Only a small proportion of patients with clinical malaria progress to this medical emergency. On reviewing 61 malaria death investigation forms submitted to the provincial office in 2014, 22(36%) were children below ten years who succumbed to severe malaria. Mutasa and Nyanga Districts reported 73% of these deaths. This study was conducted to determine factors associated with severe malaria so as to come up with evidence based interventions to prevent severe malaria and associated mortality...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757892/maintaining-treatment-fidelity-of-mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-intervention-for-alcohol-dependence-a-randomized-controlled-trial-experience
#11
Aleksandra E Zgierska, Joshua Shapiro, Cindy A Burzinski, Faith Lerner, Victoria Goodman-Strenski
BACKGROUND: Treatment fidelity is essential to methodological rigor of clinical trials evaluating behavioral interventions such as Mindfulness Meditation (MM). However, procedures for monitoring and maintenance of treatment fidelity are inconsistently applied, limiting the strength of such research. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation and findings related to fidelity monitoring of the Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention for Alcohol Dependence (MBRP-A) intervention in a 26-week randomized controlled trial...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736393/traditional-healers-faith-healers-and-medical-practitioners-the-contribution-of-medical-pluralism-to-bottlenecks-along-the-cascade-of-care-for-hiv-aids-in-eastern-and-southern-africa
#12
Mosa Moshabela, Dominic Bukenya, Gabriel Darong, Joyce Wamoyi, Estelle McLean, Morten Skovdal, William Ddaaki, Kenneth Ondeng'e, Oliver Bonnington, Janet Seeley, Victoria Hosegood, Alison Wringe
OBJECTIVES: There are concerns that medical pluralism may delay patients' progression through the HIV cascade-of-care. However, the pathways of impact through which medical pluralism influence the care of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in African settings remain unclear. We sought to establish the manifestation of medical pluralism among PLHIV, and explore mechanisms through which medical pluralism contributes bottlenecks along the HIV care cascade. METHODS: We conducted a multicountry exploratory qualitative study in seven health and demographic surveillance sites in six eastern and southern African countries: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735594/facilitating-partnerships-with-community-and-faith-based-organizations-for-disaster-preparedness-and-response-results-of-a-national-survey-of-public-health-departments
#13
Rachel M Adams, Michael L Prelip, Deborah C Glik, Ian Donatello, David P Eisenman
OBJECTIVE: We identify characteristics of local health departments, which enhance collaborations with community- and faith-based organizations (CFBOs) for emergency preparedness and response. METHODS: Online survey data were collected from a sample of 273 disaster preparedness coordinators working at local health departments across the United States between August and December 2011. RESULTS: Using multiple linear regression models, we found that perceptions of CFBO trust were associated with more successful partnership planning (β=0...
July 24, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734745/why-are-some-people-who-have-received-overdose-education-and-naloxone-reticent-to-call-emergency-medical-services-in-the-event-of-overdose
#14
Stephen Koester, Shane R Mueller, Lisa Raville, Sig Langegger, Ingrid A Binswanger
BACKGROUND: Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution (OEND) training for persons who inject drugs (PWID) underlines the importance of summoning emergency medical services (EMS). To encourage PWID to do so, Colorado enacted a Good Samaritan law providing limited immunity from prosecution for possession of a controlled substance and/or drug paraphernalia to the overdose victim and the witnesses who in good faith provide emergency assistance. This paper examines the law's influence by describing OEND trained PWIDs' experience reversing overdoses and their decision about calling for EMS support...
July 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733726/enhancing-capacity-among-faith-based-organizations-to-implement-evidence-based-cancer-control-programs-a-community-engaged-approach
#15
Bryan Leyva, Jennifer D Allen, Hosffman Ospino, Laura S Tom, Rosalyn Negrón, Richard Buesa, Maria Idalí Torres
Evidence-based interventions (EBIs) to promote cancer control among Latinos have proliferated in recent years, though adoption and implementation of these interventions by faith-based organizations (FBOs) is limited. Capacity building may be one strategy to promote implementation. In this qualitative study, 18 community key informants were interviewed to (a) understand existing capacity for health programming among Catholic parishes, (b) characterize parishes' resource gaps and capacity-building needs implementing cancer control EBIs, and (c) elucidate strategies for delivering capacity-building assistance to parishes to facilitate implementation of EBIs...
July 21, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732147/financial-incentives-and-health-coaching-to-improve-physical-activity-following-total-knee-replacement-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Elena Losina, Jamie E Collins, Bhushan R Deshpande, Savannah R Smith, Griffin L Michl, Ilana M Usiskin, Kristina M Klara, Amelia R Winter, Heidi Y Yang, Faith Selzer, Jeffrey N Katz
OBJECTIVE: Most persons who undergo total knee replacement (TKR) do not increase their physical activity following surgery. We assessed whether financial incentives and health coaching would improve physical activity in persons undergoing TKR. METHODS: We designed a factorial randomized controlled trial among persons undergoing TKR for osteoarthritis. Subjects underwent normal perioperative procedures, including post-operative physical therapy, and were assigned to one of four arms: attention control, telephonic health coaching (THC), financial incentives (FI), or THC+FI...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727927/technology-components-as-adjuncts-to-family-based-pediatric-obesity-treatment-in-low-income-minority-youth
#17
Gina L Tripicchio, Alice S Ammerman, Cody Neshteruk, Myles S Faith, Kelsey Dean, Christie Befort, Dianne S Ward, Kimberly P Truesdale, Kyle S Burger, Ann Davis
BACKGROUND: Strategies to treat pediatric obesity are needed, especially among high-need populations. Technology is an innovative approach; however, data on technology as adjuncts to in-person treatment programs are limited. METHODS: A total of 64 children [body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile, mean age = 9.6 ± 3.1 years, 32.8% female, 84.4% Hispanic] were recruited to participate in one of three cohorts of a family-based behavioral group (FBBG) treatment program: FBBG only, TECH1, and TECH2...
July 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725165/cost-effectiveness-of-pre-referral-antimalarial-treatment-in-severe-malaria-among-children-in-sub-saharan-africa
#18
Vivian Rakuomi, Faith Okalebo, Stanley Ndwigah, Levi Mbugua
BACKGROUND: In 2013, 78% of malaria deaths occurred in children aged 5 years and below, in sub-Saharan Africa. Treatment of severe malaria requires a health facility with inpatient care. However, in most sub-Sahara African countries, access to health facilities is a major problem. Pre-referral antimalarial treatments aim to delay the progress of severe malaria as patients seek to access health facilities. Rectal artesunate can be administered in the community as a pre-referral treatment in rural hard-to-reach areas...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724682/from-the-memphis-model-to-the-north-carolina-way-lessons-learned-from-emerging-health-system-and-faith-community-partnerships
#19
Teresa Cutts, Gary Gunderson, Dean Carter, Melanie Childers, Phillip Long, Lisa Marisiddaiah, Helen Milleson, Dennis Stamper, Annika Archie, Jeremy Moseley, Emily Viverette, Bobby Baker
National health care policy has encouraged health systems to develop community partnerships designed to decrease costs and readmissions, particularly for underserved populations. This commentary describes and compares the Congregational Health Network's Memphis Model to early local efforts at clinical-faith community partnerships in North Carolina, which we call "The North Carolina Way." Necessary components for building robust health system and congregational partnerships to address social determinants of health and impact health care utilization include partnership growth, allocation of health system resources, community trust, and time...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720228/percent-weight-reduction-required-to-achieve-minimal-clinically-important-improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-among-african-americans-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-fit-body-and-soul-study
#20
Jane T Garvin, Lovoria B Williams, Thomas V Joshua, Stephen W Looney, Lucy N Marion
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the percent weight reduction required to achieve minimal clinically important improvement (MCII) in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). DESIGN: Secondary data analysis from the longitudinal cohort of a single-blinded, cluster-randomized community trial to test the efficacy of the faith-based adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program. SETTING: African-American churches. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 472 congregants with a body mass index of ≥25 and fasting plasma glucose<126mg/dl...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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