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Faith and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425003/validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-daily-spiritual-experiences-scale-dses-in-pregnant-women-a-proper-tool-to-assess-spirituality-related-to-mental-health
#1
Mohsen Saffari, Hossein Amini, Zarindokht Sheykh-Oliya, Amir H Pakpour, Harold G Koenig
Assessing spirituality in healthy pregnant women may lead to supportive interventions that will improve their care. A psychometrically valid measure such as the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) may be helpful in this regard. The current study sought to adapt a Persian version of DSES for use in pregnancy. A total of 377 pregnant women were recruited from three general hospitals located in Tehran, Iran. Administered scales were the DSES, Duke University Religion Index, Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith scale, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, as well as demographic measures...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419126/availability-and-affordability-of-antimalarial-and-antibiotic-medicines-in-malawi
#2
Felix Khuluza, Lutz Heide
BACKGROUND: Availability and affordability of medicines are key determinants of universal health coverage, yet achieving them presents a major challenge especially in low-income countries. We here present an analysis of availability and prices of antimalarial and antibiotic medicines in public, faith-based and private health facilities in Malawi. Medicines are provided free of charge in the public health care system of Malawi. In contrast, facilities of the Christian Health Association of Malawi (CHAM) usually charge their patients for medicines, as do private for-profit facilities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414882/the-effect-of-a-faith-community-nurse-network-and-public-health-collaboration-on-hypertension-prevention-and-control
#3
Jennifer Cooper, Wendy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: As part of the Association of State and Territorial Health Official's Million Hearts State Learning Collaborative in 2014 and 2015, Washington County, Maryland formed a collaboration between the local health department, health system and faith community nurse network to address the undiagnosed and uncontrolled hypertension in the county. OBJECTIVES: Data were analyzed to determine the effect of a faith community nursing intervention of teaching blood pressure self-monitoring and coaching blood pressure and lifestyle changes in the at-risk and hypertensive population...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414783/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-early-infant-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-malawi
#4
Charles Chilimampunga, Simeon Lijenje, Judith Sherman, Kelvin Nindi, Webster Mavhu
BACKGROUND: Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) has been successfully implemented in 14 countries as an additional HIV prevention intervention. As VMMC programs mature in most countries, the focus is now on how to sustain the HIV prevention gains realised from VMMC. As part of preparations for the sustainability phase, countries are either piloting or preparing to pilot early infant male circumcision (EIMC). This qualitative study explored the acceptability and feasibility of EIMC in Malawi in order to inform pilot implementation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404600/qualitative-interviews-exploring-palliative-care-perspectives-of-latinos-on-dialysis
#5
Lilia Cervantes, Jacqueline Jones, Stuart Linas, Stacy Fischer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Compared with non-Latino whites with advanced illness, Latinos are less likely to have an advance directive or to die with hospice services. To improve palliative care disparities, international ESRD guidelines call for increased research on culturally responsive communication of advance care planning (ACP). The objective of our study was to explore the preferences of Latino patients receiving dialysis regarding symptom management and ACP. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Qualitative study design using semistructured face-to-face interviews of 20 Latinos on hemodialysis between February and July of 2015...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401491/faith-based-institutions-as-venues-for-obesity-prevention
#6
REVIEW
Maria J Maynard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this current narrative review is to critique the scope and value of recent studies with a focus on obesity-related health promotion in faith organizations. RECENT FINDINGS: Electronic database searches, scanning of the reference lists of identified articles, and hand searching of journals for articles written in English and published in 2013-2016 revealed 16 studies. Half of the studies involved African-Americans, in churches and with predominantly female participants...
April 11, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399827/organization-level-principles-and-practices-to-support-spiritual-care-at-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-study
#7
Paul Holyoke, Barry Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Though most models of palliative care specifically include spiritual care as an essential element, secular health care organizations struggle with supporting spiritual care for people who are dying and their families. Organizations often leave responsibility for such care with individual care providers, some of whom are comfortable with this role and well supported, others who are not. This study looked to hospice programs founded and operated on specific spiritual foundations to identify, if possible, organizational-level practices that support high-quality spiritual care that then might be applied in secular healthcare organizations...
April 11, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399210/first-detection-of-rickettsia-typhi-and-rickettsia-felis-in-fleas-collected-from-client-owned-companion-animals-in-the-southern-great-plains
#8
Bruce H Noden, Suzanna Davidson, Jessica Lynn Smith, Faithful Williams
Flea-borne rickettsiosis occurs worldwide and includes a number of pathogens, namely, Rickettsia typhi and Rickettsia felis. Most studies in the United States have occurred in southern Texas and California where flea-borne rickettsiosis is endemic, resulting in a lack of information from other regions of the country. Between March and August 2016, 222 fleas were collected from 52 client-owned dogs and cats in two urban areas in Oklahoma. Fleas were identified using morphological characteristics then pooled and tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using published primers for gltA, ompB, and 17-kDa...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399003/a-comprehensive-response-the-role-of-nonstate-actors-in-the-global-plan
#9
Robert J Vitillo, Francesca Merico, Anna S Levine, Taylor Buonocore
Nonstate actors-especially faith-based organizations, other nongovernmental organizations, groups of people living with HIV and AIDS, and private sector organizations-have been deeply committed to supporting governments reach the goals of the Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive (Global Plan). This article highlights the role and contributions of select faith-based organizations and some private sector and philanthropic partners, as well as the work of other organizations...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392593/st-padre-pio-home-for-the-relief-of-suffering-in-the-usa-responding-to-the-call
#10
Jere D Palazzolo
This exposition is not intended to be a scientific or theological treatise, but rather a testimony to a personal call by Padre Pio, a commitment in faith, to duplicate St. Pio's model of healthcare delivery as a "Beacon of Light" in our increasingly secular country, an example of truly faithful Catholic health care fully faithful to the Magisterial authority of the Church, and a model for other Catholic hospitals to emulate in their ministries.
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380714/accessing-faith-based-organizations-using-public-transportation
#11
Terri Lewinson, Olivia Maley, Ann-Margaret Esnard
Nondriving aging adults are at risk of experiencing mobility barriers that inhibit access to important community resources for managing health and wellbeing. This multimethod study explores bus transportation experiences of older adults who live in extended stay hotels and use faith-based organizations to access resources. Interviews from 17 nondriving older adults were analyzed for perspectives about using faith-based organizations and residents' experiences navigating to faith-based organizations through available bus transportation in their communities...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380627/promoting-cancer-screening-among-churchgoing-latinas-fe-en-acci%C3%A3-n-faith-in-action
#12
J P Elder, J Haughton, L G Perez, M E Martínez, C L De la Torre, D J Slymen, E M Arredondo
Cancer screening rates among Latinas are generally low, reducing the likelihood of early cancer detection in this population. This article examines the effects of a community intervention (Fe en Acción/Faith in Action) led by community health workers (promotoras) on promoting breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening among churchgoing Latinas. Sixteen churches were randomly assigned to a cancer screening or a physical activity intervention. We examined cancer knowledge, barriers to screening and self-reported mammography, clinical breast exam, Pap test, fecal occult blood test and sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy at baseline and 12 months follow-up...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376806/improving-immunization-in-afghanistan-results-from-a-cross-sectional-community-based-survey-to-assess-routine-immunization-coverage
#13
Raveesha R Mugali, Farooq Mansoor, Sardar Parwiz, Fazil Ahmad, Najibullah Safi, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Sherin Varkey
BACKGROUND: Despite progress in recent years, Afghanistan is lagging behind in realizing the full potential of immunization. The country is still endemic for polio transmission and measles outbreaks continue to occur. In spite of significant reductions over the past decade, the mortality rate of children under 5 years of age continues to remain high at 91 per 1000 live births. METHODS: The study was a descriptive community-based cross sectional household survey...
April 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358802/knowledge-practices-and-perceptions-of-geo-helminthes-infection-among-parents-of-pre-school-age-children-of-coastal-region-kenya
#14
Janet Masaku, Faith Mwende, Gladys Odhiambo, Rosemary Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Jimmy H Kihara, Isaac G Thuita, Doris W Njomo
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are common human parasitic diseases in most of the developing world particularly in Kenya. The ongoing National School-Based Deworming Programme (NSBDP) was launched in 2012 and is currently targeting 28 of the 47 endemic Counties. In an effort to improve treatment intervention strategies among Pre-School Age Children (PSAC) attending Early Childhood Development Centres (ECDC), we sought to assess parents' knowledge, perceptions and practices on worm infection...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353650/text-messaging-an-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-among-african-american-participants-in-a-faith-based-competitive-weight-loss-program
#15
Pamela McCoy, Sophia Leggett, Azad Bhuiyan, David Brown, Patricia Frye, Bryman Williams
African American adults are less likely to meet the recommended physical activity guidelines for aerobic and muscle-strengthening activity than Caucasian adults. The purpose of this study was to assess whether a text message intervention would increase physical activity in this population. This pilot study used a pre-/post-questionnaire non-randomized design. Participants in a faith-based weight loss competition who agreed to participate in the text messaging were assigned to the intervention group (n = 52)...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348164/undue-inducement-a-case-study-in-caprisa-008
#16
Kathryn T Mngadi, Jerome A Singh, Leila E Mansoor, Douglas R Wassenaar
: Participant safety and data integrity, critical in trials of new investigational drugs, are achieved through honest participant report and precision in the conduct of procedures. HIV prevention post-trial access studies in middle-income countries potentially offer participants many benefits including access to proven efficacious but unlicensed technologies, ancillary care that often exceeds local standards-of-care, financial reimbursement for participation and possibly unintended benefits if participants choose to share or sell investigational drugs...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343713/workplace-violence-against-women-nurses-working-in-two-public-sector-hospitals-of-lahore-pakistan
#17
Sara Rizvi Jafree
BACKGROUND: Cultural and structural forces help sustain workplace violence (WPV) against feminized professions like nursing in Pakistan. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and patterns of workplace violence (WPV) against women nurses (more than 95% of entire nursing population) in two hospitals of Pakistan. METHODS: A standardized international survey developed by the World Health Organization was used to collect cross-sectional data...
January 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343196/-hope-as-psychological-resource-for-nurturant-professionals-medicine-case-study
#18
Наталия Е Водопьянова, Вера А Чикер, Валерия В Потявина
INTRODUCTION: In the article, the issues concerning hope, which is one of the most important resources for specialists of many nurturant professions, are observed. The theoretical analysis of hope and its categorization from the perspective of subjective and resource-based view is given. The special scientific and practical interest to human subjective and personal resources is determined by their unique role not only in human life support, but also in overcoming hard situations and extreme obstacles, including crisis situations in professional activity, with the example of the profession of a doctor...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333598/achieving-health-equity-through-community-engagement-in-translating-evidence-to-policy-the-san-francisco-health-improvement-partnership-2010-2016
#19
Kevin Grumbach, Roberto A Vargas, Paula Fleisher, Tomás J Aragón, Lisa Chung, Colleen Chawla, Abbie Yant, Estela R Garcia, Amor Santiago, Perry L Lang, Paula Jones, Wylie Liu, Laura A Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The San Francisco Health Improvement Partnership (SFHIP) promotes health equity by using a novel collective impact model that blends community engagement with evidence-to-policy translational science. The model involves diverse stakeholders, including ethnic-based community health equity coalitions, the local public health department, hospitals and health systems, a health sciences university, a school district, the faith community, and others sectors. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We report on 3 SFHIP prevention initiatives: reducing consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs), regulating retail alcohol sales, and eliminating disparities in children's oral health...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332888/clinician-and-patient-acceptability-of-self-collected-human-papillomavirus-testing-for-cervical-cancer-screening
#20
Constance Mao, Shalini L Kulasingam, Hilary K Whitham, Stephen E Hawes, John Lin, Nancy B Kiviat
BACKGROUND: To evaluate clinician and patient attitudes toward home self-collected human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for cervical cancer screening. METHODS: Women aged 21-65 years were recruited for a randomized trial comparing home self-collected HPV testing to standard clinician-collected Pap screening. Participants were surveyed about their attitudes toward self-collected HPV testing. Clinicians performing cervical cancer screening in University of Washington medical clinics were also surveyed to determine their acceptability of self-collected HPV testing...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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