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Faith and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786027/curriculum-development-for-a-module-on-noncommunicable-diseases-for-the-master-of-public-health-program
#1
Anu Mary Oommen, Rashmi Vyas, Minnie Faith, Dhayakani Selvakumar, Kuryan George
Background: As the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has been rising globally, various educational programs have introduced chronic disease epidemiology teaching, which is now a component of most of the Master of Public Health (MPH) programs. However, the process of curriculum development for these courses has not been adequately documented for use by educators planning such courses. Methods: A detailed process of curriculum development based on David Kern's six-step approach was undertaken for a 2-week course on NCDs, as part of the MPH program of a tertiary institution in South India...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785681/diabetes-symptoms-predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes
#2
James W Varni, Alan M Delamater, Korey K Hood, Jennifer K Raymond, Kimberly A Driscoll, Jenise C Wong, Saleh Adi, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Ellen K Grishman, Melissa A Faith, Sarah D Corathers, Jessica C Kichler, Jennifer L Miller, Elena M Doskey, Vincent P Aguirre, Robert W Heffer, Don P Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to investigate the patient-reported diabetes symptoms predictors of generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents and young adults (AYA) with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The 15-item PedsQL™ 3.2 Diabetes Module Diabetes Symptoms Summary Score and PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales were completed in a 10-site national field test study by 513 AYA ages 13-25 years with type 1 (n = 424) or type 2 (n = 89) diabetes...
May 21, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779012/adaptive-frameworks-of-chronic-pain-daily-remakings-of-pain-and-care-at-a-somali-refugee-women-s-health-centre
#3
Kari Campeau
Pain is an intensely subjective experience and one that is difficult for healthcare professionals to treat. Chronic pain, often diffuse, cyclical and involving many systems of the body, is often not well treated in a medical system that relies on discrete symptoms, identifiable causes, external pathogens and physician specialisation. Pain has its own problems specific to Somali diaspora populations, where chronic pain is prevalent but often undertreated, and where Somali patients face barriers of access to medicine...
May 19, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777898/a-survey-of-health-professionals-views-on-acceptable-gestational-age-and-termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-anomaly
#4
Lisa Crowe, Ruth H Graham, Stephen C Robson, Judith Rankin
Termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly is legal in the UK with no upper limit, if two doctors, in good faith, agree "there is a substantial risk that if the child were born it would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped". This is Clause E of the Human Fertlisation and Embryology Act. The most commonly sighted Clause is C, which states "the pregnancy has not exceeded its twenty-fourth week and that the continuance of the pregnancy would involve risk, greater than if the pregnancy were terminated, of injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman"...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777643/infertility-psychological-distress-and-coping-strategies-among-women-in-mali-west-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Rosanna F Hess, Ratchneewan Ross, John L GilillandJr
Relatively little is known about infertility and its consequences in Mali, West Africa where the context and culture are different from those of previously studied settings. This study therefore aimed to specifically examine infertility induced psychological distress and coping strategies among women in Mali. A convergent mixed-methods design-correlational cross-sectional and qualitative descriptive-guided the study. Fifty-eight infertile Malian women participated: 52 completed the Psychological Evaluation Test specific for infertility and a question on general health status, and 26 were interviewed in-depth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764294/impact-of-muslim-opinion-leaders-training-of-healthcare-providers-on-the-uptake-of-mnch-services-in-northern-nigeria
#6
Judith-Ann Walker, Yahaya Hashim, Nelson Oranye
Expanding access to maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) services in traditional societies is a public health challenge, often complicated by cultural and religious beliefs about what is permitted or not permitted within a faith group. This is particularly true in the Muslim majority North of Nigeria, where deep suspicions of Western public health programmes, coupled with failing and underfunded health system, have led to the emergence of a new generation of Muslim Opinion Leaders (MOLs) with counter-narratives against family planning, immunisation and nutrition programmes...
May 15, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761753/against-the-stream-religion-and-mental-health-the-case-for-the-inclusion-of-religion-and-spirituality-into-psychiatric-care
#7
Simon Dein
This paper argues for the inclusion of religion and spirituality in psychiatric care. After discussing the antagonism of psychiatrists and psychologists to religion, I present a critical overview of studies examining the relationships between spirituality, religion and diverse aspects of mental health: depression, suicide, anxiety, delinquency, drug abuse and schizophrenia. The need to assesses the impact of religion in different faith groups is discussed. Measures of religious coping, both positive and negative, may provide a more accurate portrayal as to how individuals deploy religion in their lives than global measures such as belief and attendance...
June 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757941/exploring-how-the-home-environment-influences-eating-and-physical-activity-habits-of-low-income-latino-children-of-predominantly-immigrant-families-a-qualitative-study
#8
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Faith D Lees, Mary L Greaney
Latinos are the largest and fastest growing minority population group in the United States, and children in low-income Latino families are at elevated risk of becoming overweight or having obesity. A child’s home is an important social environment in which he/she develops and maintains dietary and physical activity (PA) habits that ultimately impact weight status. Previous research suggests the parents are central to creating a home environment that facilitates or hinders the development of children’s early healthy eating and PA habits...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745290/healthcare-providers-understanding-of-hiv-serodiscordance-in-south-africa-and-uganda-implications-for-hiv-prevention-in-sub-saharan-africa
#9
Ross Greener, Cecilia Milford, Francis Bajunirwe, Faith N Mosery, Claudia K Ng, Rachel Rifkin, Jasmine Kastner, Lavanya Pillay, Angela Kaida, David R Bangsberg, Jennifer A Smit, Lynn T Matthews
HIV transmission within stable heterosexual HIV serodiscordant couples accounts for almost half the new incident infections in South Africa and Uganda. Advances in HIV prevention provide opportunities to reduce transmission risk within serodiscordant partnerships (e.g., antiretroviral treatment (ART), pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), medical male circumcision, and couples-based HIV counselling and testing). These interventions require a clinical encounter with a provider who recognises prevention opportunities within these partnerships...
May 10, 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743781/catastrophic-health-expenditure-and-impoverishment-effects-of-out-of-pocket-expenses-a-comparative-study-of-tannery-and-non-tannery-workers-of-kanpur-india
#10
Gyan C Kashyap, Shri K Singh, Santosh K Sharma
Purpose: Treatment-seeking behaviors and economic burden because of health expenditure are widely discussed issues in India, and more so in recent times. The aim of this study is to identify health problems of tannery workers and their treatment-seeking behavior and their health expenditure. Data and Methods: The primary data used in this article were collected through a cross-sectional household survey of 284 male tannery workers in the Jajmau area of Kanpur city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, during January-June 2015...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742712/design-of-a-comparative-effectiveness-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-a-faith-based-diabetes-prevention-program-word-dpp-vs-a-pacific-culturally-adapted-diabetes-prevention-program-pili-dpp-for-marshallese-in-the-united-states
#11
Pearl Anna McElfish, Christopher R Long, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Nia Aitaoto, Zoran Bursac, Lucy Capelle, Melisa Laelan, Williamina Ioanna Bing, Sheldon Riklon, Brett Rowland, Britni L Ayers, Ralph O Wilmoth, Krista N Langston, Mario Schootman, James P Selig, Karen Hye-Cheon Kim Yeary
BACKGROUND: Pacific Islander populations, including Marshallese, face a disproportionately high burden of health disparities relative to the general population. OBJECTIVES: A community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach was utilized to engage Marshallese participants in a comparative effectiveness trial testing 2 Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) interventions designed to reduce participant's weight, lower HbA1c, encourage healthy eating, and increase physical activity...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720168/challenges-for-health-care-providers-parents-and-patients-who-face-a-child-hood-cancer-diagnosis-in-zambia
#12
Mulima Walubita, Bornwell Sikateyo, Joseph M Zulu
BACKGROUND: Zambia is experiencing high prevalence of childhood cancer. However, very few children access and complete treatment for cancer. This study aimed to document the challenges for health care providers, parents and patients who face a child hood cancer diagnosis in Zambia, and their coping strategies. METHODS: This was an exploratory health facility-based qualitative study that was conducted at a Paediatric oncology ward at referral hospital in Zambia. In-depth individual interviews conducted with fifteen (15) caregivers and seven (7) key informants were analysed using thematic analysis...
May 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713235/antimalarial-drug-prescribing-by-healthcare-workers-when-malaria-testing-is-negative-a-qualitative-study-in-madagascar
#13
David Harimbola Rakotonandrasana, Takahiro Tsukahara, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani
Background: Despite the World Health Organization and the National Malaria Program of Madagascar recommending that antimalarial drugs only be prescribed for patients with positive results on malaria rapid diagnostic tests, healthcare workers continue to prescribe these drugs for cases with negative test results. We explored why and how primary healthcare workers in Madagascar continue to prescribe antimalarial drugs despite this guidance. Methods: We purposively selected 14 medical doctors and 2 nurses from 11 primary health facilities (6 public, 5 private) in Toliara, Madagascar, and interviewed them regarding their antimalarial prescribing behaviors...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707957/a-health-plan-s-journey-to-identifying-meaningful-quality-measures
#14
Misty Roberts, Faith Green, Worthe Holt
The number of quality measures in health care is overwhelming, and reporting requirements are inconsistent. Value-based payments emphasize the need to prioritize quality measures and align across organizations. This article describes the process Humana undertook to reduce the quality measurement burden, refine measure consistency across the organization, ensure alignment with national standards, and relate quality measures to improved health outcomes within the health plan. Of the 1100 measures identified in use at Humana, 699 were duplicative or inconsistent...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704912/religiosity-and-faith-in-relation-to-time-to-metabolic-syndrome-for-hispanic-women-in-a-multiethnic-cohort-of-women-findings-from-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-swan
#15
Amanda A Allshouse, Nanette Santoro, Robin Green, Jason Y Y Wong, Dawn M Upchurch, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Rebecca C Thurston, Carol A Derby
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether faith was associated with a difference in time to incident metabolic syndrome (MetS) among midlife Hispanic women vs women of other ethnicities. STUDY DESIGN: The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) is a community-based, longitudinal study of a cohort of midlife women. Social, demographic, psychosocial, anthropometric, medical, and physiological measures, and incident MetS were assessed in near-annual intervals using questionnaires and assays...
June 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703004/a-rational-emotive-stress-management-intervention-for-reducing-job-burnout-and-dysfunctional-distress-among-special-education-teachers-an-effect-study
#16
Samuel C Ugwoke, Chiedu Eseadi, Liziana N Onuigbo, Eucharia N Aye, Immaculata N Akaneme, Angie I Oboegbulem, Ifeyinwa O Ezenwaji, Anthonia U Nwobi, Okechukwu O Nwaubani, Bernedeth N Ezegbe, Moses O Ede, Chibueze T Orji, Joseph C Onuoha, Eucharia U Onu, Francisca Okeke, Patricia Agu, Joachim C Omeje, Faith Omeke, Romanus Ugwu, Florence Arumede, Annastasia Eneh
BACKGROUND: Job-related burnout and distress are adverse stress responses which affect individuals in their occupational environment. This study aimed at investigating the effect of a rational-emotive stress management program on job burnout and dysfunctional distress among special education teachers in Nigeria. METHODS: A pretest-posttest randomized control group design was used. The participants in the study were 54 special education teachers. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696488/the-influence-of-religion-and-spirituality-on-hiv-prevention-among-black-and-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men-new-york-city
#17
Kathryn Drumhiller, José E Nanín, Zaneta Gaul, Madeline Y Sutton
The influence of religion and spirituality (R/S) on HIV prevention has been understudied, especially for Black and/or Latino men who have sex with men (BLMSM), who bear a disproportionate burden of HIV, and who are part of racial/ethnic communities with high engagement in R/S. The specific aim of this study was to explore perspectives about R/S among BLMSM to inform HIV prevention strategies and reduce HIV-related health disparities. Data from 105 qualitative interviews with BLMSM were analyzed; 58 (55%) stated that R/S had no personal influence on HIV prevention...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696304/the-perceived-effectiveness-of-traditional-and-faith-healing-in-the-treatment-of-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#18
REVIEW
A S J van der Watt, T van de Water, G Nortje, B D Oladeji, S Seedat, O Gureje
PURPOSE: This work complements a quantitative review by Nortje et al. (Lancet Psychiatry 3(2):154-170, 2016) by exploring the qualitative literature in regard to the perceived effectiveness of traditional and faith healing of mental disorders. METHOD: Qualitative studies focusing specifically on traditional and/or faith healing practices for mental illness were retrieved from eight databases. Data were extracted  into basic coding sheets to facilitate the assessment of the quality of eligible papers using the COREQ...
April 25, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687185/sociocultural-barriers-related-to-late-stage-presentation-of-breast-cancer-in-morocco
#19
Ann A Soliman, Mouna Khouchani, Elisha P Renne
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer affecting women globally and in Morocco, where more than one fourth of patients are diagnosed at advanced stages. This study aimed to investigate sociocultural barriers that contribute to delayed presentation and diagnosis of breast cancer among women in Marrakesh, Morocco. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 breast cancer patients who received care at the CHU Mohammed VI Hospital in Marrakesh to elicit barriers to diagnosis and treatment and ease of access to care...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678705/hypophysitis-due-to-paranasal-sinusitis-a-neurosurgical-perspective-from-the-developing-world
#20
El Faith Bashir El Malik, Branavan Manoranjan, Olufemi Ajani, Ahmed Zidan
BACKGROUND: and Importance: Sinusitis is a common clinical condition but sphenoid sinusitis is a less common form and even rarer is hypophysitis as a complication of the latter. Clinically, hypophysitis may mimic a pituitary neoplasm in presenting with mass effect and pituitary hormone dysfunction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We present five cases of sinusitis-related hypophysitis treated at the Royal Care International Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan. Clinical symptoms at presentation included: headache, fever, ptosis, ophthalmoplegia and history of sinusitis with running nose (nasal discharge)...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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