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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334292/safety-and-effectiveness-of-fascial-therapy-in-adult-patients-with-hemophilic-arthropathy-a-pilot-study
#1
Elena Donoso-Úbeda, Javier Meroño-Gallut, José Antonio López-Pina, Rubén Cuesta-Barriuso
BACKGROUND: The primary clinical manifestations of hemophilia are muscle and joint bleeding. Recurrent bleeding leads to a degenerative process known as hemophilic arthropathy. Fascial therapy is one of the most used physiotherapy techniques today to improve joint dysfunctions and chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of fascial therapy treatment in patients with hemophilic arthropathy of ankle and knee. DESIGN: Non-randomized, controlled clinical trial...
January 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333872/effects-and-underlying-mechanisms-of-unstable-shoes-on-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Juan Francisco Lisón, Borja Ortega-Santana, Álvaro Antón-Nogués, Palmy González-Requena, Cristina Vera-Hervás, Julio Doménech-Fernández, Daniel Sánchez-Zuriaga, Pablo Salvador-Coloma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects that wearing unstable shoes has on disability, trunk muscle activity, and lumbar spine range of motion (ROM) in patients with chronic lower back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Orthopedic Surgery Service. PARTICIPANTS: We randomized 40 adults with nonspecific CLBP either to an unstable shoes group ( n = 20) or to the control group ( n = 20). INTERVENTION: The participants in the unstable shoes group were advised to wear these shoes for a minimum of six hours a day for four weeks...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332764/pelvic-musculoskeletal-dysfunctions-in-women-with-and-without-chronic-pelvic-pain
#3
Najmeh Sedighimehr, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Nasim Shokouhi, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban
AIM: This study aimed to compare the prevalence of pelvic musculoskeletal dysfunctions in women with and without Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP). MATERIALS &METHODS: A total of 84 women with and without CPP (42 in each group), participated in this cross-sectional analytical study. After collecting demographic information, clinical examinations were carried out to compare pelvic musculoskeletal dysfunctions between two groups. Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) goodness-of-fit, Independent t, X2 and Pearson correlation tests were used for data analysis...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332760/ischemic-compression-and-kinesiotherapy-on-chronic-myofascial-pain-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Flávia Belavenuto Rangon, Vânia Tiê Koga Ferreira, Monique Silva Rezende, Amanda Apolinário, Ana Paula Ferro, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro
OBJECTIVE: assess the effects of ischemic compression and kinesiotherapy on the rehabilitation of breast cancer survivors with chronic myofascial pain. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial was performed with 20 breast cancer survivors with myofascial trigger point in the upper trapezius muscle. Patients were randomly allocated to ischemic compression + kinesiotherapy (G1, n = 10) and kinesiotherapy (G2, n = 10). Both groups were submitted to 10 sessions of treatment...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332752/the-effects-of-neck-mobilization-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Muhammad Nazim Farooq, Mohammad A Mohseni-Bandpei, Syed Amir Gilani, Muhammad Ashfaq, Qamar Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of mobilization and routine physiotherapy on pain, disability, neck range of motion (ROM) and neck muscle endurance (NME) in patients having chronic mechanical neck pain (NP). METHODS: Sixty eight patients with chronic mechanical NP were randomly allocated into two groups by using a computer generated random sequence table with 34 patients in the multi-modal mobilization group and 34 patients in the routine physiotherapy group...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332033/effect-of-dual-tasking-on-anticipatory-and-compensatory-postural-adjustments-in-response-to-external-perturbations-in-individuals-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-electromyographic-analysis
#6
Ladan Hemmati, Soraya Piroozi, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), postural control is a demanding task in terms of attention. Although the attentional demands of postural control have been investigated in these patients, the attentional demands of postural recovery during dual task performance have not been evaluated in patients with nonspecific CLBP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dual tasking on anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments in response to an external perturbation in patients with nonspecific CLBP...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329738/relationship-between-proprioception-and-endurance-functionality-of-the-cervical-flexor-muscles-in-chronic-neck-pain-and-asymptomatic-participants
#7
Leila Ghamkhar, Amir H Kahlaee, Mohammad R Nourbakhsh, Amena Ahmadi, Amir M Arab
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship between flexion endurance capacity and joint position error in participants with or without chronic neck pain (CNP). METHODS: Sixty-one CNP and 60 asymptomatic volunteers participated in this cross-sectional, case-control, and correlational analysis study. The measured variables included absolute and constant joint repositioning errors in the sagittal and horizontal directions, clinical flexor endurance test score, pain intensity, and neck disability index...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327605/does-change-in-isolated-lumbar-extensor-muscle-function-correlate-with-good-clinical-outcome-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-on-change-in-isolated-lumbar-extension-strength-pain-and-disability-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#8
James Steele, James Fisher, Craig Perrin, Rebecca Conway, Stewart Bruce-Low, Dave Smith
PURPOSE: Secondary analysis of data from studies utilising isolated lumbar extension exercise interventions for correlations among changes in isolated lumbar extension strength, pain, and disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies reporting isolated lumbar extension strength changes were examined for inclusion criteria including: (1) participants with chronic low back pain, (2) intervention ≥ four weeks including isolated lumbar extension exercise, (3) outcome measures including isolated lumbar extension strength, pain (Visual Analogue Scale), and disability (Oswestry Disability Index)...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326058/sleep-architecture-is-altered-in-the-reserpine-induced-fibromyalgia-model-in-ovariectomized-rats
#9
Alberto Hernandez-Leon, Alonso Fernández-Guasti, Adrián Martínez, Francisco Pellicer, María Eva González-Trujano
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a musculoskeletal chronic pain syndrome with various concomitant symptoms like sleep disorders. FM patients are mainly women and menopause might play an important role in the altered processing of somatosensory information. Adverse effects and moderated efficacy of drugs promote treatment discontinuation by patients. Animal models of FM report pain and depression-like behaviors, but none of them have explored sleep disturbance as possible marker in the preclinic diagnostic. The aim of this study was to investigate alterations of the sleep architecture in the reserpine (RES)-induced FM model in ovarectomized (OVX) rats...
January 8, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324067/mao-inhibitors-and-their-wider-applications-a-patent-review
#10
Simone Carradori, Daniela Secci, Jacques P Petzer
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, after the initial "golden age", are currently used as third-line antidepressants (selective MAO-A inhibitors) or clinically enrolled as co-adjuvants for neurodegenerative diseases (selective MAO-B inhibitors). However, the research within this field is always increasing due to their pivotal role in modulating synaptic functions and monoamines metabolism. Areas covered: In this paper, MAO inhibitors (2015-2017) are disclosed ordering all the patents according to their chemical scaffold...
January 11, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321467/importance-of-regular-and-maintenance-therapy-adherence-in-neuromyelitis-optica-nmo-lessons-from-a-repeating-relapse-case
#11
Jing Miao, Doreen E Aboagye, Boris Chulpayev, Lin Liu, Gary Ishkanian, Bangaruraju Kolanuvada, Dariush Alaie, Richard L Petrillo
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a rare demyelinating disease of the central nervous system; NMO predominantly affects the spinal cord and optic nerves. The diagnosis is based on history, clinical presentation, seropositive NMO-IgG antibody, and notably, exclusion of other diseases. Despite the absence of definitive therapeutic strategies for NMO, methylprednisolone pulse therapy and plasma exchange are used for acute phase treatment, while immunosuppressive agent(s) are recommended to prevent relapses and improve prognosis...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320842/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-hiv-positive-patients-coinfected-with-hcv
#12
A Mastroianni, F Allegrini, S Nardi, D Donatucci, F Girelli, C Guidi
A wide range of rheumatic and peripheral nervous system disorders may develop in patients with HIV infection, leading to pain, sensory symptoms, and muscle weakness. Over the past three decades, the progress in management of HIV disease with anti-retroviral therapy (ART) has resulted in increased life expectancy for people living with HIV disease. With this new chronicity of the disease has a constellation of chronic musculoskeletal, orthopaedic and rheumatic manifestations has emerged, as potential complications of the disease itself and/or the results of ART treatment regimen and/or because of expected age-related symptoms/manifestations...
December 21, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319386/the-effects-of-pain-neuroscience-education-and-exercise-on-pain-muscle-endurance-catastrophizing-and-anxiety-in-adolescents-with-chronic-idiopathic-neck-pain-a-school-based-pilot-randomized-and-controlled-study
#13
Rosa Andias, Maritza Neto, Anabela G Silva
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education (PNE) and neck/shoulder exercises with no intervention in adolescents with chronic idiopathic neck pain (CINP). METHODS: Forty-three adolescents with CINP were randomly allocated to receive PNE and shoulder/neck exercises (n = 21) or no intervention (n = 22). Data on pain intensity, neck flexor and extensor muscles endurance, scapular stabilizers endurance, pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and knowledge of pain neurophysiology were collected...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318638/voltage-gated-sodium-channels-nav-igating-the-field-to-determine-their-contribution-to-visceral-nociception
#14
Andelain Erickson, Annemie Deiteren, Andrea M Harrington, Sonia Garcia-Caraballo, Joel Castro, Ashlee Caldwell, Luke Grundy, Stuart M Brierley
Chronic visceral pain, altered motility and bladder dysfunction are common, yet poorly managed symptoms of functional and inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts. Recently, numerous human channelopathies of the voltage-gated sodium (NaV ) channel family have been identified, which induce either painful neuropathies, an insensitivity to pain, or alterations in smooth muscle function. The identification of these disorders, in addition to the recent utilisation of genetically modified NaV mice and specific NaV channel modulators, has shed new light on how NaV channels contribute to the function of neuronal and non-neuronal tissues within the gastrointestinal tract and bladder...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318334/physiotherapy-for-pelvic-pain-and-female-sexual-dysfunction-an-untapped-resource
#15
REVIEW
Bary Berghmans
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in women is a complex syndrome. Pain sensation and intensity often do not correspond with the identified lesion location but are felt elsewhere, leading to muskuloskeletal and myofascial disorders and sexual dysfunction (SD). Although physical aspects are prevalent, they are often underdiagnosed and undertreated due to lack of understanding regarding its origin and distribution. Frequently, patients experience pelvic pain as psychological distress resulting in physical complaints, leading clinicians to prescribe medication or surgical intervention to correct or alleviate these symptoms, often with insufficient results...
January 9, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313211/up-regulation-of-cx3cl1-via-stat3-contributes-to-smir-induced-chronic-postsurgical-pain
#16
Yijia Shen, Dai Li, Bo Li, Peng Xi, Yun Zhang, Youshui Jiang, Yehao Xu, Hui Chen, Yuanchang Xiong
Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) often occurs after surgery and has a strong impact on patients' daily lives. However, the underlying mechanism of CPSP remains unknown. Here, we used a skin/muscle incision and retraction (SMIR) model to investigate the role of CX3CL1 in SMIR-induced pain and its underlying mechanism. We found that up-regulation of CX3CL1 in the spinal dorsal horn contributed to SMIR-induced mechanical allodynia. The use of a CX3CL1-neutralizing antibody to block CX3CL1 attenuated mechanical allodynia induced by SMIR surgery...
January 8, 2018: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312775/case-report-improvement-of-cardiac-remodeling-with-shock-wave-therapy-of-a-patient-with-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#17
Yingnan Bai, Xiaoyan Wang, Xin Deng, Hongyi Wu, Abdel Hamid Fathy, Yan Xi, Yunzeng Zou, Jie Cui, Junbo Ge
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) are two major preferred reperfusion strategies to restore the ischemic-related artery patency, but PCI and CABG do not necessarily guarantee the recovery of post-procedure left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and release of symptoms. Moreover, there is no definitive effective way to enhance microcirculations. Theoretically, shock wave therapy (SWT) is an option. We report here a case of patient who received SWT. The patient's medical history was characterized by chest pain for 20 years, having received CABG 13 years ago...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304254/the-relevance-of-proprioception-to-chronic-neck-pain-a-correlational-analysis-of-flexor-muscle-size-and-endurance-clinical-neck-pain-characteristics-and-proprioception
#18
Somayeh Amiri Arimi, Leila Ghamkhar, Amir H Kahlaee
Background: Impairment in the cervical proprioception and deep flexor muscle function and morphology have been regarded to be associated with chronic neck pain (CNP). Objective:  The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between proprioception and flexor endurance capacity and size and clinical CNP characteristics. Design:  This was an observational, cross-sectional study. Setting:  Rehabilitation hospital laboratory...
January 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303130/quadriceps-strength-and-anterior-knee-pain-following-tibia-intramedullary-nailing-any-clinical-relationship
#19
O Esan, A O Ojoawo, I C Ikem
INTRODUCTION: Anterior knee pain can be chronic sequelae of intramedullary nailing of the tibia. Several causes have been identified; no single reason can fully explain the occurrence. We, therefore, set out to find the rate of anterior knee pain in our practice and if any relationship exists between the anterior knee pain and extensor muscle strength. METHODOLOGY: A total of 72 knees in 36 patients with no prior history of knee pain, but had unilateral tibiofibular fracture, who had internal fixation with interlocking intramedullary nailing done and were followed up for at least 1 year were recruited into the study...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303111/chronic-implantation-of-cuff-electrodes-on-the-pelvic-nerve-in-rats-is-well-tolerated-and-does-not-compromise-afferent-or-efferent-fibre-functionality
#20
Jonathan J Crook, Charly Brouillard, Pedro Irazoqui, Thelma Lovick
Objective Neuromodulation of autonomic nerve activity to regulate physiological processes is an emerging field. Vagal stimulation has received most attention whereas the potential of modulate visceral function by targeting autonomic nerves within the abdominal cavity remains under-exploited. Surgery to locate intra-abdominal targets is inherently more stressful than for peripheral nerves. Electrode leads risk becoming entrapped by intestines and loss of functionality in the nerve-target organ connection could result from electrode migration or twisting...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
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