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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535554/anesthetic-considerations-and-perioperative-management-of-spinal-cord-stimulators-literature-review-and-initial-recommendations
#1
Michael E Harned, Brandon Gish, Allison Zuelzer, Jay S Grider
BACKGROUND: Patients with implanted spinal cord stimulators (SCS) present to the anesthesia care team for management at many different points along the care continuum. Currently, the literature is sparse on the perioperative management. What is available is confusing; monopolar electrocautery is contraindicated but often used, full body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is safe with particular systems but with other manufactures only head and specific extremities exams are safe. Moreover, there are anesthetizing locations outside of the operating room where implanted SCS can interact with surrounding medical equipment and pose significant risk to patient and device...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535548/is-traumatic-and-non-traumatic-neck-pain-associated-with-brain-alterations-a-systematic-review
#2
Robby DePauw, Iris Coppieters, Mira Meeus, Karen Caeyenberghs, Lieven Danneels, Barbara Cagnie
BACKGROUND: Chronic neck pain affects 50% - 85% of people who have experienced an acute episode. This transition and the persistence of chronic complaints are believed to be mediated by brain alterations among different central mechanisms. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to systematically review and critically appraise the current existing evidence regarding structural and functional brain alterations in patients with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) and idiopathic neck pain (INP)...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535398/nurses-occupational-physical-activity-levels-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Stephanie E Chappel, Simone J J M Verswijveren, Brad Aisbett, Julie Considine, Nicola D Ridgers
BACKGROUND: Nurses' physical performance at work has implications both for nurses' occupational health and patient care. Although nurses are the largest healthcare workforce, are present 24-hours a day, and engage in many physically demanding tasks, nurses' occupational physical activity levels are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine nurses' occupational physical activity levels, and explore how nurses accumulate their physical activity during a shift...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534649/a-meta-analytical-comparison-of-atenolol-with-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-on-arterial-stiffness-peripheral-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-hypertensive-patients
#4
Hong Xie, Gaoqing Luo, Yong Zheng, Feng Peng, Liangdi Xie
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis of randomized parallel controlled trials was designed to compare the efficacy of atenolol with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) in changing pulse wave velocity (PWV), peripheral blood pressure and heart rate (HR) among patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: This study was conducted according to the PRISMA guideline. Data collection was independently completed by two investigators. Statistical analyses were completed by Stata software (v12...
May 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532914/penetrating-bihemispheric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-collective-review-of-gunshot-wounds-to-the-head
#5
REVIEW
L Turco, D L Cornell, B Phillips
BACKGROUND: Head injuries that cross midline structures of the brain are 'bihemispheric.' Other terms have been used to describe such injuries, but 'bihemispheric' is the most accurate and should be standard nomenclature. Bihemispheric head injuries are associated with higher mortality and morbidity than other penetrating traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Currently, there is a tendency to manage severe gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the head non-operatively, despite reports of improved outcome in military patients treated aggressively...
May 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527027/a-systematic-review-of-smartphone-applications-for-smoking-cessation
#6
REVIEW
Brianna L Haskins, Donna Lesperance, Patric Gibbons, Edwin D Boudreaux
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the USA. However, limited data exists regarding smoking cessation mobile app quality and intervention effectiveness. Innovative and scalable interventions are needed to further alleviate the public health implications of tobacco addiction. The proliferation of the smartphone and the advent of mobile phone health interventions have made treatment more accessible than ever. The purpose of this review was to examine the relation between published scientific literature and available commercial smartphone health apps for smoking cessation to identify the percentage of scientifically supported apps that were commercially available to consumers and to determine how many of the top commercially available apps for smoking cessation were supported by the published scientific literature...
May 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526996/improved-outcomes-with-arthroscopic-repair-of-partial-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-a-systematic-review
#7
J Christoph Katthagen, Gabriella Bucci, Gilbert Moatshe, Dimitri S Tahal, Peter J Millett
PURPOSE: The optimum treatment strategy for the surgical management of partial-thickness rotator cuff tears (PTRCT) is evolving. In this study, two research questions were sought to be answered: "Does the repair technique for PTRCTs involving >50% of the tendon thickness have an effect on structural and functional outcomes of arthroscopic repair?" and "Is there a difference in outcomes of arthroscopically treated articular- and bursal-sided PTRCTs?". METHODS: A systematic review according to the PRISMA statement was conducted to identify all literature published reporting on outcomes of arthroscopic treatment of PTRCTs classified with the Ellman classification with minimum 2-year follow-up...
May 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526423/pseudoparalysis-a-systematic-review-of-term-definitions-treatment-approaches-and-outcomes-of-management-techniques
#8
REVIEW
John M Tokish, Thomas C Alexander, Michael J Kissenberth, Richard J Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Pseudoparalysis remains one of the most challenging conditions in shoulder surgery. Long thought of as an unsolvable problem, recent advances in surgical techniques offer potential return of overhead motion in the setting of massive irreparable rotator cuff tears. This article summarizes the available literature including existing definitions and the results of different treatment approaches regarding range of motion, outcome scores, and reversal. METHODS: In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic review of the MEDLINE database, Cochrane database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Google Scholar database was performed for studies that defined a preoperative shoulder group as having pseudoparalysis...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526383/effect-of-magnesium-supplementation-on-insulin-resistance-in-humans-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer Beatriz Silva Morais, Juliana Soares Severo, Geórgia Rosa Reis de Alencar, Ana Raquel Soares de Oliveira, Kyria Jayanne Clímaco Cruz, Dilina do Nascimento Marreiro, Betânia de Jesus E Silva de Almendra Freitas, Cecília Maria Resende de Carvalho, Maria do Carmo de Carvalho E Martins, Karoline de Macedo Gonçalves Frota
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have demonstrated that minerals play a role in glucose metabolism disorders in humans. Magnesium, in particular, is an extensively studied mineral that has been shown to function in the management of hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and insulin resistance (IR) action. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of magnesium supplementation on IR in humans via systematic review of the available clinical trials. METHODS: This review was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524740/identifying-risk-factors-for-late-onset-50-alcohol-use-disorder-and-heavy-drinking-a-systematic-review
#10
Jakob Emiliussen, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Kjeld Andersen
This systematic review seeks to expand the description and understanding of late-onset AUD and asks "Which risk factors have been reported for late-onset heavy drinking and AUD?" METHOD: Using PRISMA guidelines, a literature review and search was performed on May 19, 2015 using the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and PsychInfo. Nine studies were included in the final review. RESULTS: The search revealed that only very few studies have been conducted...
May 19, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524622/prognostic-significance-of-morphotypes-in-canine-lymphomas-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#11
REVIEW
D Sayag, C Fournel-Fleury, F Ponce
Correlation between morphotypes and prognosis of canine lymphomas presented discordant results in literature, leading to some dilemma for application in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to present a systematic review of literature on the prognostic significance of morphotypes in canine lymphomas. Standardized Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria were applied. Retrospective and prospective studies were included. Level of evidence was determined for each study...
May 19, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523640/biomedical-risk-factors-of-achilles-tendinopathy-in-physically-active-people-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Maria Kozlovskaia, Nicole Vlahovich, Kevin J Ashton, David C Hughes
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy is the most prevalent tendon disorder in people engaged in running and jumping sports. Aetiology of Achilles tendinopathy is complex and requires comprehensive research of contributing risk factors. There is relatively little research focussing on potential biomedical risk factors for Achilles tendinopathy. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify studies and summarise current knowledge of biomedical risk factors of Achilles tendinopathy in physically active people...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523486/esophagectomy-with-esophagocoloplasty-for-malignancies-indications-technique-with-video-and-results-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
Paolo Aurello, Niccolo' Petrucciani, Dario Sirimarco, Livia Maria Mangogna, Giuseppe Nigri, Stefano Valabrega, Francesco D'Angelo, Giovanni Ramacciato
INTRODUCTION: Esophagocoloplasty represents a useful technique to restore the intestinal continuity after esophagogastrectomy. This technique has been used mainly after esophagogastric caustic injuries. The aim of this review is to assess the role of esophagogastrectomy with esophagocoloplasty for esophageal or gastric neoplasms. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using Embase, Medline, Cochrane, and PubMed databases to identify all studies published in the previous 25 years (1991-2016) reporting cases of esophagocoloplasty after esophagogastrectomy for malignancies...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522290/somatization-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Danilo Carrozzino, Per Bech, Chiara Patierno, Marco Onofrj, Bo Mohr Morberg, Astrid Thomas, Laura Bonanni, Mario Fulcheri
The current systematic review study is aimed at critically analyzing from a clinimetric viewpoint the clinical consequence of somatization in Parkinson's Disease (PD). By focusing on the International Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we conducted a comprehensive electronic literature research strategy on ISI Web-of-Science, PsychINFO, PubMed, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. Out of 2.926 initial records, only a total of 9 studies were identified as clearly relevant and analyzed in this systematic review...
May 15, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522141/venous-to-arterial-carbon-dioxide-difference-in-the-resuscitation-of-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock-a-systematic-review
#15
J J Diaztagle Fernández, J C Rodríguez Murcia, J J Sprockel Díaz
INTRODUCTION: The way to assess tissue perfusion during the resuscitation of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock is a current subject of research and debate. Venous oxygen saturation and lactate concentration have been the most frequently used criteria, though they involve known limitations. The venous-to-arterial difference of carbon dioxide (pCO2 delta) is a parameter than can be used to indicate tissue perfusion, and its determination therefore may be useful in these patients...
May 15, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520335/prisma-statement-and-prospero
#16
EDITORIAL
Wanderley Marques Bernardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517981/a-systematic-review-of-studies-of-dna-methylation-in-the-context-of-a-weight-loss-intervention
#17
Lucia Aronica, A Joan Levine, Kevin Brennan, Jeffrey Mi, Christopher Gardner, Robert W Haile, Megan P Hitchins
AIM: Obesity results from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors, which may involve epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation (DNAm). MATERIALS & METHODS: We have followed the PRISMA protocol to select studies that analyzed DNAm at baseline and end point of a weight loss intervention using either candidate-locus or genome-wide approaches. RESULTS: Six genes displayed weight loss associated DNAm across four out of nine genome-wide studies...
May 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516820/blogging-in-infectious-diseases-and-clinical-microbiology-assessment-of-blogosphere-content
#18
Gabriel Birgand, Rachael Troughton, Luke S P Moore, Esmita Charani, Timothy M Rawson, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Alison H Holmes
OBJECTIVE To analyze influential infectious diseases, antimicrobial stewardship, infection control, or medical microbiology blogs and bloggers SETTING World wide web DESIGN We conducted a systematic search for blogs in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines in September 2015. METHODS A snowball sampling approach was applied to identify blogs using various search engines. Blogs were eligible if they (1) focused on infectious diseases, antimicrobial stewardship, infection control, or medical microbiology; (2) were intended for health professionals; and (3) were written in English and (4) were updated regularly...
May 18, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516157/survival-after-metastasectomy-for-metastatic-urothelial-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Vaibhav Patel, Ana Collazo Lorduy, Aaron Stern, Omar Fahmy, Rachel Pinotti, Matthew D Galsky, Georgios Gakis
Background: Cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy is standard treatment for metastatic urothelial carcinoma; however, the vast majority of patients experience disease progression. As systemic therapy alone is rarely curative for the treatment of metastatic urothelial cancer, not only are new therapies needed but also refinement of general treatment principles. Herein, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the role of metastasectomy in metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the literature regarding local treatment for metastatic urothelial carcinoma...
April 27, 2017: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515014/hiv-and-the-criminalisation-of-drug-use-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-systematic-review
#20
Kora DeBeck, Tessa Cheng, Julio S Montaner, Chris Beyrer, Richard Elliott, Susan Sherman, Evan Wood, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence suggests that laws and policies prohibiting illegal drug use could have a central role in shaping health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). To date, no systematic review has characterised the influence of laws and legal frameworks prohibiting drug use on HIV prevention and treatment. METHODS: Consistent with PRISMA guidelines, we did a systematic review of peer-reviewed scientific evidence describing the association between criminalisation of drug use and HIV prevention and treatment-related outcomes among PWID...
May 12, 2017: Lancet HIV
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