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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749101/barriers-to-cervical-cancer-and-breast-cancer-screening-uptake-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#1
Rakibul M Islam, Baki Billah, Md Nassif Hossain, John Oldroyd
Background: Cervical cancer (CCa) and breast cancer (BCa) are the two leading cancers in women worldwide. Early detection and education to promote early diagnosis and screening of CCa and BCa greatly increases the chances for successful treatment and survival. Screening uptake for CCa and BCa in low and middle - income countries (LMICs) is low, and is consequently failing to prevent these diseases. We conducted a systematic review to identify the key barriers to CCa and BCa screening in women in LMICs. Methods: We performed a systematic literature search using Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, CINHAL Plus, and Google scholar to retrieve all English language studies from inception to 2015...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748774/exposure-to-parental-psychopathology-and-offspring-s-risk-of-suicide-related-thoughts-and-behaviours-a-systematic-review
#2
S M Goodday, J Shuldiner, S Bondy, A E Rhodes
AIMS: The primary objective of this systematic review was to identify and synthesise analytic studies examining the association between exposure to parental psychopathology in childhood and the nature of subsequent suicide-related thoughts (SRT) and suicide-related behaviour (SRB) (severity of ideation, planned/unplanned attempts/lethality) and to describe the direction, and magnitude of associations. The secondary objective was to determine if the associations from the primary objective differ by the type(s) and timing of parental psychopathology, sex/gender of the parent and child and is mediated by child psychiatric symptoms and family functioning...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747542/meta-analysis-showing-that-ercc1-polymorphism-is-predictive-of-osteosarcoma-prognosis
#3
REVIEW
Xueyong Liu, Zhan Zhang, Chunbo Deng, Yihao Tian, Xun Ma
To investigate correlations between excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) and 2 (ERCC2) polymorphisms and osteosarcoma prognosis, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies published through October 2016. Studies were identified in the PubMed, ScienceDirect, Springer, and Web of Science databases using preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA). Odds ratios (ORs) or hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for overall survival (OS), tumor response (TR), and event-free survival (EFS) were estimated...
July 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746904/prophylactic-antidepressant-treatment-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
Ole G Christiansen, Michael T Madsen, Erik Simonsen, Ismail Gögenur
Major depressive disorder is significantly increased in patients following acute coronary syndrome resulting in twofold increased mortality compared with patients without depression. The depression diagnosis is often missed leading to considerable undertreatment. This systematic review assesses the current evidence of primary prophylactic treatment of depression in patients after acute coronary syndrome. The study protocol was prospectively registered at PROSPERO (registration number CRD42015025587). A systematic review were conducted and reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746215/s-1-monotherapy-versus-s-1-combination-therapy-in-gemcitabine-refractory-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-a-meta-analysis-prisma-of-randomized-control-trials
#5
Sheng Zhong, Shuai Qie, Liu Yang, Qi Yan, Linna Ge, Zhongfeng Wang
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the most lethal digestive system tumors. Most new cases are diagnosed based on metastasis or local aggression and are known as "advanced PC." Recently, studies investigating S-1 have indicated that it has a better clinical curative effect on PC. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of S-1 monotherapy compared with S-1 combination regimens in patients with gemcitabine (GEM)-refractory PC. METHODS: Trials published between 1978 and 2016 were identified by an electronic search of public databases (Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746204/direct-acting-antiviral-agent-efficacy-and-safety-in-renal-transplant-recipients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-a-prisma-compliant-study
#6
Keliang Chen, Pei Lu, Rijin Song, Jiexiu Zhang, Rongzhen Tao, Zijie Wang, Wei Zhang, Min Gu
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for treating hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected renal transplant recipients (RTRs) has not been determined. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and assessed the quality of eligible studies using the Joanna Briggs Institute scale. DAA efficacy and safety were assessed using standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745067/participants-understanding-of-informed-consent-for-biobanking-a-systematic-review
#7
Elizabeth R Eisenhauer, Alan R Tait, Soo Young Rieh, Cynthia M Arslanian-Engoren
Nurses are increasingly asked to obtain consent from participants for biobanking studies. Biobanking has added unique complexities to informed consent. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate participants' level of understanding of the information presented during the informed consent process unique to the donation of biological specimens for research. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were utilized to conduct the review. PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest bibliographic databases were searched...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743242/association-between-the-xrcc1-polymorphisms-and-clinical-outcomes-of-advanced-nsclc-treated-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-a-meta-analysis-based-on-the-prisma-statement
#8
Dan-Juan Li, Dong Xiao
BACKGROUND: Base excision repair (BER) pathway is a DNA repair pathway that is important in carcinogenesis and in response to DNA-damaging chemotherapy. XRCC1 is one of important molecular markers for BER. So far, the role of XRCC1 polymorphisms with clinical outcomes of advanced NSCLC treated with platinum-based chemotherapy is inconclusive. To explore the relationship between XRCC1 polymorphisms and platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC patients, we performed this meta-analysis...
July 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742974/chiropractic-curriculum-mapping-and-congruence-of-the-evidence-for-workplace-interventions-in-work-related-neck-pain
#9
Martin Frutiger, Peter Jeffery Tuchin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide a best-synthesis summary of the literature for effective workplace health promotion interventions (WHPI) for work-related mechanical neck pain (MNP) and to determine the congruence between knowledge of WHPI for work-related MNP and coverage of MNP in the chiropractic postgraduate program at Macquarie University. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken to determine effective WHPI for work-related MNP. We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro (from 1991 to 2016) for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741377/renal-cell-carcinoma-alternative-nephron-sparing-treatment-options-for-small-renal-masses-a-systematic-review
#10
Fieke M Prins, Linda G W Kerkmeijer, Anne A Pronk, Evert-Jan P A Vonken, Richard P Meijer, Axel Bex, Maurits M Barendrecht
<i>Background</i> The standard treatment of T1 renal cell carcinoma is (partial-) nephrectomy. For patients where surgery is not the treatment of choice, for example in the elderly, in case of severe comorbidity, inoperability or refusal of surgery, alternative treatment options are available. These treatment options include active surveillance, radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation, microwave ablation or stereotactic body radiotherapy. In the present overview, the efficacy, safety and outcome of these different options are summarized, particularly focusing on recent developments...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740942/anti-viral-effects-of-medicinal-plants-in-the-management-of-dengue-a-systematic-review
#11
Éric Heleno Freira Ferreira Frederico, André Luiz Bandeira Dionísio Cardoso, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Carlos Alberto Sampaio Guimarães, Carla da Fontoura Dionello, Danielle Soares Morel, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Patricia Lopes de Souza, Samuel Brandão-Sobrinho-Neto, Rafaelle Pacheco Carvalho-Lima, Eliane de Oliveira Guedes-Aguiar, Rebeca Graça Costa-Cavalcanti, Cristiane Ribeiro Kutter, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Dengue is considered as an important arboviral disease. Safe, low-cost, and effective drugs that possess inhibitory activity against dengue virus (DENV) are mostly needed to try to combat the dengue infection worldwide. Medicinal plants have been considered as an important alternative to manage several diseases, such as dengue. As authors have demonstrated the antiviral effect of medicinal plants against DENV, the aim of this study was to review systematically the published research concerning the use of medicinal plants in the management of dengue using the PubMed database...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738189/surgical-landmarks-to-locating-the-main-trunk-of-the-facial-nerve-in-parotid-surgery-a-systematic-review
#12
Yisi D Ji, R Bruce Donoff, Zachary S Peacock, Eric R Carlson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe distances from commonly used anatomic landmarks to the main trunk of the facial nerve during parotid surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the published literature was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. All studies from January 1, 1990 to January 1, 2017 that measured distances to the main trunk of the facial nerve from common anatomic landmarks were eligible...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737238/the-possible-role-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-the-development-of-lichen-sclerosus
#13
REVIEW
Anna K Hald, Jan Blaakaer
Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease of unknown origin predominantly affecting the anogenital area that causes pruritus and pain and is associated with an increased risk of malignancy. In some cases, LS vanishes after application of imiquimod, raising the question whether human papillomavirus (HPV) may have an etiopathogenic role in anogenital LS. The databases MEDLINE and Embase were systematically searched using the PRISMA guidelines. Twenty-seven papers were included that reported the prevalence of HPV in LS and in LS associated with neoplasia...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736113/titanium-vs-polyetheretherketone-peek-interbody-fusion-meta-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Scott Seaman, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Mohamad Bydon, James C Torner, Patrick W Hitchon
Spinal interbody fusion is a standard and accepted method for spinal fusion. Interbody fusion devices include titanium (Ti) and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages with distinct biomechanical properties. Titanium and PEEK cages have been evaluated in the cervical and lumbar spine, with conflicting results in bony fusion and subsidence. Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we reviewed the available literature evaluating Ti and PEEK cages to assess subsidence and fusion rates...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735372/a-systematic-review-and-taxonomy-of-published-quality-criteria-related-to-the-evaluation-of-user-facing-ehealth-programs
#15
Amit Baumel, Michael L Birnbaum, Madalina Sucala
The purpose of this review was to identify and classify key criteria concepts related to the evaluation of user-facing eHealth programs. In line with the PRISMA statement methodology, computer searches of relevant databases were conducted for studies published between January 1, 2000 and March 1, 2016 that contained explicit quality criteria related to mHealth and eHealth products. Reference lists of included articles, review articles, and grey literature (e.g., books, websites) were searched for additional sources...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735152/a-systematic-review-of-cardiovascular-emergency-department-visits-hospital-admissions-and-mortality-associated-with-ambient-black-carbon
#16
REVIEW
Thomas J Luben, Jennifer L Nichols, Steven J Dutton, Ellen Kirrane, Elizabeth O Owens, Laura Datko-Williams, Meagan Madden, Jason D Sacks
BACKGROUND: Black carbon (BC) is a ubiquitous component of particulate matter (PM) emitted from combustion-related sources and is associated with a number of health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the potential for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality following exposure to ambient BC, or the related component elemental carbon (EC), in the context of what is already known about the associations between exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2...
July 20, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733364/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-myocardial-strain-after-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#17
Kenneth Mangion, Christie McComb, Daniel A Auger, Frederick H Epstein, Colin Berry
The purpose of this systematic review is to provide a clinically relevant, disease-based perspective on myocardial strain imaging in patients with acute myocardial infarction or stable ischemic heart disease. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging uniquely integrates myocardial function with pathology. Therefore, this review focuses on strain imaging with cardiac magnetic resonance. We have specifically considered the relationships between left ventricular (LV) strain, infarct pathologies, and their associations with prognosis...
August 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732820/the-impact-of-cognitive-impairment-on-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Chelsea Baird, Janaka Lovell, Marilyn Johnson, Kerrie Shiell, Joseph E Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of persons with cognitive impairment being able to self-manage in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidance this systematic review examined all studies in English from 1st January 2000 to 20 February 2016, describing the relationship between cognition and COPD self-management domains in older community dwelling persons with dementia or cognitive impairment...
August 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732654/effects-of-incretin-based-therapies-on-neurocognitive-function-in-humans-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
Jonathan L Dumbrill, Calum D Moulton
We performed a PRISMA systematic review of incretin-based therapies and effects on neurocognitive function in humans. There was observational evidence to support dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitors in improving cognition, whilst glucagon-like peptide-1 had positive effects on cerebral glucose metabolism. Powered clinical trials are now needed in patients with- and without diabetes.
July 18, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732489/the-impact-of-retirement-on-age-related-cognitive-decline-a-systematic-review
#20
Annette Meng, Mette Andersen Nexø, Vilhelm Borg
BACKGROUND: Knowledge on factors affecting the rate of cognitive decline and how to maintain cognitive functioning in old age becomes increasingly relevant. The purpose of the current study was to systematically review the evidence for the impact of retirement on cognitive functioning and on age related cognitive decline. METHOD: We conducted a systematic literature review, following the principles of the PRISMA statement, of longitudinal studies on the association between retirement and cognition...
July 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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