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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150888/systematic-review-of-disparities-in-surgical-care-for-m%C3%A4-ori-in-new-zealand
#1
REVIEW
Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Zanazir Alexander, Matire Harwood, Jonathan Koea, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: Health equity for Indigenous peoples in the context of surgery has recently become topical amongst surgeons in Australasia. Health inequities are amongst the most consistent and compelling disparities between Māori and New Zealand Europeans (NZE) in New Zealand (NZ). We aimed to investigate where ethnic disparities in surgical care may occur and highlight some of the potential contributing factors, over all surgical specialties, between Māori and NZE adults in NZ. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
November 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150863/family-behaviours-that-have-an-impact-on-the-self-management-activities-of-adults-living-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#2
J Vongmany, T Luckett, L Lam, J L Phillips
AIMS: To identify family behaviours that adults with Type 2 diabetes' perceive as having an impact on their diabetes self-management. BACKGROUND: Research suggests that adults with Type 2 diabetes perceive that family members have an important impact on their self-management; however, it is unclear which family behaviours are perceived to influence self-management practices. METHODS: This meta-synthesis identified and synthesized qualitative studies from the databases EMBASE, Medline and CINAHL published between the year 2000 and October 2016...
November 18, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150233/management-of-first-depression-or-generalized-anxiety-disorder-episode-in-adults-in-primary-care-a-systematic-metareview
#3
Damien Driot, Michel Bismuth, Adrien Maurel, Julie Soulie-Albouy, Jordan Birebent, Stéphane Oustric, Julie Dupouy
CONTEXT: General Practitioners (GPs) are the leading antidepressants prescribers in Europe and in France. Difficulties in implementing existing recommendations in daily practice have been described. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to elaborate two algorithms to guide GPs in the patient management for a first major depressive disorder (MDD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) episode in primary care. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane, and ISI Web of Science were explored using mainly the following keywords: depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, antidepressive agents or antidepressant...
November 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149908/exosomal-micrornas-as-potential-circulating-biomarkers-in-gastrointestinal-tract-cancers-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Elmira Gheytanchi, Zahra Madjd, Leila Janani, Arezoo Rasti, Roya Ghods, Fatemeh Atyabi, Mohammad Hossein Asadi Lari, Sadegh Babashah
BACKGROUND: Metastasis is the most frequent type of recurrence in gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, and there is an emerging potential for new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, especially in the cases of metastatic GI carcinomas. The expression profiles of circulating exosomal microRNAs are of particular interest as novel non-invasive diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for improved detection of GI cancers in body fluids, especially in the serum of patients with recurrent cancers. The aim of this study is to systematically review primary studies and identify the miRNA profiles of serum exosomes of GI cancers...
November 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149621/the-risk-factors-related-to-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xiaohong Niu, Hui Wang, Weihan Yang, Jie Qiu, Lan Yang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was performed to determine the risk factors related to bruxism in children. DESIGN: This systematic review was conducted with reporting in agreement to the PRISMA statement and according to guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We conducted a systematic search of seven online databases, with the last search updated on 1st October 2016. The seven databases were Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, and WF...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148161/piezoelectric-versus-conventional-implant-site-preparation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Momen A Atieh, Nabeel H M Alsabeeha, Andrew Tawse-Smith, Warwick J Duncan
BACKGROUND: The use of a piezoelectric device (PED) for implant site preparation (ISP) has been introduced to overcome the limitations of using conventional drills (CDs). With little and inconsistent information in the literature regarding their efficiency for preparing implant osteotomies, the objective of this systematic review was to compare the use of CDs to PEDs for ISP with regard to implant stability values, marginal bone level changes, operating time, and dental implant failure rate...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148110/stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-nurse-managers-an-integrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Michael Leocadio, Peter Van Bogaert, Greta G Cummings
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To appraise and synthesize empirical studies examining sources of occupational stress and ways of coping utilized by Nurse Managers (NMs) when dealing with stress. BACKGROUND: The Nurse Manager's role is challenging yet draining and stressful and has adverse consequences on an individual's overall health and well -being, patients' outcomes, and organizational productivity. Considerable research has been done; however, an updated and broader perspective on this critical organizational issue has not been performed...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148001/an-arterioarterial-prosthetic-graft-as-an-alternative-option-for-haemodialysis-access-a-systematic-review
#8
Matthew J Grima, Bianca Vriens, Peter J Holt, Eric Chemla
INTRODUCTION: All arteriovenous fistula/grafts options should be exhausted before haemodialysis is carried out via central venous catheters (CVC). CVCs carry high morbidity and mortality risks and in some patients, the central veins could be exhausted. In these patients, an arterioarterial prosthetic loop (AAPL) or straight graft can be the only option for haemodialysis. A systematic review was thus carried out to look at the use of arterioarterial graft for haemodialysis, with regards to dialysis adequacy, complications, and patency rates...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147759/patterns-and-predictors-of-recurrence-after-open-radical-cystectomy-for-bladder-cancer-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Andrea Mari, Riccardo Campi, Riccardo Tellini, Giorgio Gandaglia, Simone Albisinni, Mohammad Abufaraj, Georgios Hatzichristodoulou, Francesco Montorsi, Roland van Velthoven, Marco Carini, Andrea Minervini, Shahrokh F Shariat
PURPOSE: To review the currently available literature reporting the patterns of recurrence and their predictive factors after open radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed using the MEDLINE, Scopus and Web of Sciences databases from January 1997 to May 2017. The PRISMA guidelines were followed for the conduct of the study. RESULTS: Local recurrence rate ranges between 30 and 54%. Distant recurrence is not often standardized and is reported in up to 50% of cases...
November 16, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146169/arthroscopy-after-traumatic-hip-dislocation-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-of-intra-articular-findings-correlation-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-computed-tomography-treatments-and-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Jacob C Mandell, Richard A Marshall, Michael B Banffy, Bharti Khurana, Michael J Weaver
PURPOSE: To describe the literature concerning patient demographic characteristics and intra-articular injury seen at arthroscopy after traumatic hip dislocation, describe the reported computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance findings with arthroscopic correlation, and describe the reported arthroscopic treatments performed with complications and outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review was performed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines for assessment of arthroscopy after hip dislocation...
November 13, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145802/effectiveness-of-current-and-future-regimens-for-treating-genotype-3-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-a-large-scale-systematic-review
#11
Hosnieh Fathi, Andrew Clark, Nathan R Hill, Geoffrey Dusheiko
BACKGROUND: Six distinct genetic variants (genotypes 1 - 6) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) exist globally. Certain genotypes are more prevalent in particular countries or regions than in others but, globally, genotype 3 (GT3) is the second most common. Patients infected with HCV GT1, 2, 4, 5 or 6 recover to a greater extent, as measured by sustained virological response (SVR), following treatment with regimens based on direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) than after treatment with older regimens based on pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN)...
November 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145545/treatment-of-alcohol-induced-psychotic-disorder-alcoholic-hallucinosis-a-systematic-review
#12
Barkat Masood, Peter Lepping, Dmitry Romanov, Rob Poole
Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of evidence based treatments for alcohol-induced psychotic disorder (AIPD) as described by ICD-10 and DSM-5, a condition that is distinct from schizophrenia and has a close relationship with alcohol withdrawal states. Method: Systematic review using PRISMA guidelines. Results: Of 6205 abstracts found, fifteen studies and ten case reports met criteria and were examined. Larger studies examined the use of first-generation antipsychotic drugs, reporting full or partial remission in most patients...
November 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145291/early-enteral-nutrition-versus-delayed-enteral-nutrition-in-acute-pancreatitis-a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Ping Feng, Chenjian He, Guqing Liao, Yanming Chen
BACKGROUND: Whether early enteral nutrition (EEN) administration is more beneficial than delayed enteral nutrition (DEN) for patients with acute pancreatitis remains controversial. METHODS: This meta-analysis aimed to pool all relevant articles to evaluate the effects of EEN within 48 hours versus DEN beyond 48 hours on the clinical outcomes of patients with acute pancreatitis. We searched PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science for all relevant studies and extracted the data concerning basic characteristics, complications, and mortality...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145283/the-relationship-between-rassf1a-promoter-methylation-and-thyroid-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis-of-14-articles-and-a-bioinformatics-of-2-databases-prisma
#14
Heng Niu, Jingyu Yang, Kunxian Yang, Yingze Huang
BACKGROUND: DNA promoter methylation can suppresses gene expression and shows an important role in the biological functions of Ras association domain family 1A (RASSF1A). Many studies have performed to elucidate the role of RASSF1A promoter methylation in thyroid carcinoma, while the results were conflicting and heterogeneous. Here, we analyzed the data of databases to determine the relationship between RASSF1A promoter methylation and thyroid carcinoma. METHODS: We used the data from 14 cancer-normal studies and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database to analyze RASSF1A promoter methylation in thyroid carcinoma susceptibility...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145273/diabetes-mellitus-and-the-risk-of-bladder-cancer-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#15
Yongping Xu, Rui Huo, Xi Chen, Xuefeng Yu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported inconsistent results regarding the relationship between diabetes mellitus (DM) and the incidence of bladder cancer. This comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis explored and evaluated this relationship in participants with different characteristics. METHODS: Studies indexed in the PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases that compared bladder cancer incidence mortality between DM and non-DM participants were included in the present study...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145271/tug1-spry4-it1-and-hulc-as-valuable-prognostic-biomarkers-of-survival-in-cancer-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis
#16
Yucheng Zhong, Zhicong Chen, Shuyuan Guo, Xinhui Liao, Haibiao Xie, Yien Zheng, Bin Cai, Peixian Huang, Yuhan Liu, Qun Zhou, Yuchen Liu, Weiren Huang
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (LncRNAs) are involved in the development and progression of various cancers. Accumulating evidences indicated that expression of lncRNAs was related to the prognosis of tumors. METHODS: Here, 3 well-known lncRNAs associated with cancer were gathered to prove the potential role of lncRNAs as novel predictors of survival in human cancer. This meta-analysis collected all eligible studies about TUG1, SPRY4-IT1, and HULC and explored the relationship between lncRNAs expression and lymph node metastasis (LNM) or overall survival (OS)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144439/cell-line-secretome-and-tumor-tissue-proteome-markers-for-early-detection-of-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Megha Bhardwaj, Vanessa Erben, Petra Schrotz-King, Hermann Brenner
Objective: In order to find low abundant proteins secretome and tumor tissue proteome data have been explored in the last few years for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). In this review we aim to summarize the results of studies evaluating markers derived from the secretome and tumor proteome for blood based detection of colorectal cancer. Methods: Observing the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched systematically for relevant studies published up to 18 July 2017...
November 16, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143619/diagnostic-accuracy-of-tests-to-detect-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#18
Ali Amini, Olivia Varsaneux, Helen Kelly, Weiming Tang, Wen Chen, Debrah I Boeras, Jane Falconer, Joseph D Tucker, Roger Chou, Azumi Ishizaki, Philippa Easterbrook, Rosanna W Peeling
BACKGROUND: Chronic Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection is characterised by the persistence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Expanding HBV diagnosis and treatment programmes into low resource settings will require high quality but inexpensive rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) in addition to laboratory-based enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) to detect HBsAg. The purpose of this review is to assess the clinical accuracy of available diagnostic tests to detect HBsAg to inform recommendations on testing strategies in 2017 WHO hepatitis testing guidelines...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143615/diagnostic-accuracy-of-tests-to-detect-hepatitis-c-antibody-a-meta-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Weiming Tang, Wen Chen, Ali Amini, Debi Boeras, Jane Falconer, Helen Kelly, Rosanna Peeling, Olivia Varsaneux, Joseph D Tucker, Philippa Easterbrook
BACKGROUND: Although direct-acting antivirals can achieve sustained virological response rates greater than 90% in Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infected persons, at present the majority of HCV-infected individuals remain undiagnosed and therefore untreated. While there are a wide range of HCV serological tests available, there is a lack of formal assessment of their diagnostic performance. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate he diagnostic accuracy of available rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) and laboratory based EIA assays in detecting antibodies to HCV...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141609/assessment-of-success-of-the-ponseti-method-of-clubfoot-management-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#20
Tracey Smythe, Debra Mudariki, Hannah Kuper, Christopher Lavy, Allen Foster
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is one of the most common congenital deformities affecting mobility. It leads to pain and disability if untreated. The Ponseti method is widely used for the correction of clubfoot. There is variation in how the result of clubfoot management is measured and reported. This review aims to determine and evaluate how success with the Ponseti method is reported in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Five databases were examined in August 2017 for studies that met the inclusion criteria of: (1) evaluation of the effect of clubfoot management; (2) use of the Ponseti method; (3) original study undertaken in sub-Saharan Africa; (4) published between 2000 and 2017...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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