Read by QxMD icon Read

CO oximetry

Elspeth Hulse, Fathima Shihana, Nicholas A Buckley
INTRODUCTION: In Asia methemoglobinemia (MetHb) is commonly caused through self-poisoning with the pesticide propranil. MetHb can cause hypoxia, coma and death, but usually responds to methylene blue. It is therefore vital to have accurate methods to measure blood MetHb to guide appropriate treatments. The gold standard to measure MetHb utilizes a spectrophotometer, but recent bedside tests have been developed e.g., pulse co-oximeter probe and blood color chart. METHODS: Nine propanil poisoned patients had data collected from hospitals in Sri Lanka during 2008...
November 2016: Clinical Toxicology
Theodore E Macnow, Mark L Waltzman
Approximately 5000 children present to the emergency department annually with unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning. Children may be more vulnerable to carbon monoxide poisoning because of their increased metabolic demand and their inability to vocalize symptoms or recognize a dangerous exposure, and newborn infants are more vulnerable to carbon monoxide poisoning because of the persistence of fetal hemoglobin. Mild carbon monoxide poisoning may present as viral symptoms in the absence of fever. While headache, nausea, and vomiting are the most common presenting symptoms in children, the most common symptom in infants is consciousness disturbance...
September 2016: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
John Gade, Gorm Greisen
UNLABELLED: The study created an 'ex vivo' model to test different algorithms for measurements of mucosal haemoglobin saturation with visible light spectrophotometry (VLS). The model allowed comparison between algorithms, but it also allowed comparison with co-oximetry using a 'gold standard' method. This has not been described before. Seven pigs were used. They were perfused with cold Haemaxel, and thus killed, chilled and becoming bloodless. The bronchial artery was perfused with cold blood with known saturation and spectrophotometrical measurements were made through a bronchoscope...
September 2016: Physiological Measurement
Matthias L Riess, Paul S Pagel
OBJECTIVE: This study compared noninvasively measured hemoglobin and arterial hemoglobin before and after cardiopulmonary bypass in patients undergoing coronary artery or valve surgery. DESIGN: Observational study with retrospective data analysis. SETTING: Veterans Affairs hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-five men. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Hemoglobin values were measured noninvasively by co-oximetry to corresponding arterial hemoglobin concentrations taken at clinically relevant time points chosen at the discretion of the cardiac anesthesiologist...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
K Tokuda, K Yamaura, M Higashi, S Hoka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Lane Smith, Jasmina Varagic, Liliya Yamaleyeva
Photoacoustic (PA) imaging is an emerging technology that combines structural and functional imaging of tissues using laser and ultrasound energy. We evaluated the ability of PA imaging system to measure real-time systemic and microvascular mean oxygen saturation (mSAO2) in a rat model of hypoxic shock. Male Sprague Dawley rats (n = 6) underwent femoral artery catherization and were subjected to acute hypoxia by lowering the fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) from 1.0 to 0.21, and then to 0.08. PA measurements of mSaO2 were taken in the femoral artery near the catheter tip using the Vevo 2100 LAZR at each FiO2 and compared to co-oximetry on blood removed from the femoral catheter...
May 11, 2016: Shock
João Cordeiro da Costa, Paula Faustino, Ricardo Lima, Inês Ladeira, Miguel Guimarães
BACKGROUND: Pulse oximetry has become an essential tool in clinical practice. With patient self-management becoming more prevalent, pulse oximetry self-monitoring has the potential to become common practice in the near future. This study sought to compare the accuracy of two pulse oximeters, a high-quality standard pulse oximeter and an inexpensive pocket pulse oximeter, and to compare both devices with arterial blood co-oximetry oxygen saturation. METHODS: A total of 95 patients (35...
May 2016: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
Toon Schiemsky, Joris Penders, Davy Kieffer
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of an arterial blood gas sample analysis from a 33-year old woman where no oximetry results could be obtained using the Radiometer ABL800 FLEX device. Clinical history of this patient learned that she was carrier of a methemoglobin forming hemoglobin variant type Hyde Park (HbM Hyde Park) and raised the question whether or not this variant could be the cause of the errors obtained during analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed, focusing on methemoglobin forming hemoglobin variants and their influence on oxygenation measurements...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
Thomas A Hooven, Ellen M Hooper, Sandeep N Wontakal, Richard O Francis, Rakesh Sahni, Margaret T Lee
Neonatal cyanosis resulting from a fetal methaemoglobin variant is rare. Most such variants are only described in a few published case reports. We present the case of a newborn with unexplained persistent cyanosis, ultimately determined to have a γ-chain mutation causing Hb FM-Fort Ripley. This neonatal haemoglobinopathy can be challenging to diagnose, as significant oxygen desaturation may result from barely detectable levels of the mutant haemoglobin and co-oximetry studies may show a falsely normal methaemoglobin level...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Salvador Pita-Fernández, Rocío Seijo-Bestilleiro, Sonia Pértega-Díaz, Ángel Alonso-Hernández, Constantino Fernández-Rivera, Mercedes Cao-López, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Beatriz López-Calviño, Cristina González-Martín, Francisco Valdés-Cañedo
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular risk in renal transplant patients is increased in patients who continue to smoke after transplantation. The aim of the study is to measure the effectiveness of exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) measurement plus brief advisory sessions, in comparison to brief advice, to reduce smoking exposure and smoking behavior in kidney transplant recipients who smoke. The effectiveness will be measured by: (1) abandonment of smoking, (2) increase in motivation to stop smoking, and (3) reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked per day...
2016: Trials
Richard L Applegate, Ihab L Dorotta, Briana Wells, David Juma, Patricia M Applegate
BACKGROUND: The use of intraoperative pulse oximetry (SpO2) enhances hypoxia detection and is associated with fewer perioperative hypoxic events. However, SpO2 may be reported as 98% when arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) is as low as 70 mm Hg. Therefore, SpO2 may not provide advance warning of falling arterial oxygenation until PaO2 approaches this level. Multiwave pulse co-oximetry can provide a calculated oxygen reserve index (ORI) that may add to information from pulse oximetry when SpO2 is >98%...
September 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Nicole Harlan, Lindell K Weaver, Kayla Deru
Newer pulse CO-oximeters provide a non-invasive and quick means of measuring oxyhemoglobin, carboxyhemoglobin and methemoglobin. Clubbing has been reported to cause inaccuracy in pulse oximeters. We present a case of inaccurate carboxy-hemoglobin measurement by pulse CO-oximetry due to digital clubbing. An 18-year-old man with a history of cystic fibrosis presented after a suicide attempt by inhalation of exhaust. At the initial emergency department evaluation, his blood carboxyhemoglobin was 33%. He was intubated, placed on 100% oxygen and transferred to our facility...
January 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
Peter Szmuk, Jeffrey W Steiner, Patrick N Olomu, Roxana P Ploski, Daniel I Sessler, Tiberiu Ezri
BACKGROUND: Pulse oximetry provides no indication of downward trends in PaO2 until saturation begins to decrease. The Oxygen Reserve Index (ORI) is a novel pulse oximeter-based nondimensional index that ranges from 1 to 0 as PaO2 decreases from about 200 to 80 mmHg and is measured by optically detecting changes in SvO2 after SaO2 saturates to the maximum. The authors tested the hypothesis that the ORI provides a clinically important warning of impending desaturation in pediatric patients during induction of anesthesia...
April 2016: Anesthesiology
Bronwyn U Harris, Danton S Char, Jeffrey A Feinstein, Archana Verma, Stephen C Shiboski, Chandra Ramamoorthy
OBJECTIVES: Prior studies have shown inaccuracies in pulse oximetry readings at saturations less than 85%; however, no large studies have evaluated new sensors marketed for these low saturations. This study's purpose was to evaluate two sensors with claims of improved accuracy in children with saturations less than 85%. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Single institution; cardiac catheterization laboratory, and operating room...
April 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Mohammad Mashayekhian, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Mitra Rahimi, Nasim Zamani, Abbas Aghabiklooei, Shahin Shadnia
In pulse CO-oximetry of aluminium phosphide (ALP)-poisoned patients, we discovered that carboxyhaemoglobin (CO-Hb) level was elevated. We aimed to determine whether a higher CO level was detected in patients with severe ALP poisoning and if this could be used as a prognostic factor in these patients. In a prospective case-control study, 96 suspected cases of ALP poisoning were evaluated. In the ALP-poisoned group, demographic characteristics, gastric and exhalation silver nitrate test results, average CO-Hb saturation, methaemoglobin saturation, and blood pressure and blood gas analysis until death/discharge were recorded...
September 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Antti-Pekka E Rissanen, Tiina Koskela-Koivisto, Harriet Hägglund, Anne S Koponen, Jyrki M Aho, Maritta Pöyhönen-Alho, Aila Tiitinen, Heikki O Tikkanen, Juha E Peltonen
In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), cardiovascular risk is increased. Peak O2 uptake (V˙O2peak) predicts the cardiovascular risk. We were the first to examine the contribution of systemic O2 delivery and arteriovenous O2 difference to V˙O2peak in overweight and obese women with PCOS. Fifteen overweight or obese PCOS women and 15 age-, anthropometry-, and physical activity-matched control women performed a maximal incremental cycling exercise test. Alveolar gas exchange (volume turbine and mass spectrometry), arterial O2 saturation (pulse oximetry), and cardiac output (CO) (impedance cardiography) were monitored...
February 2016: Physiological Reports
Werner Baulig, Burkhardt Seifert, Donat R Spahn, Oliver M Theusinger
The Masimo Radical-7 Pulse CO-Oximeter (Masimo Corp., USA) non-invasively computes hemoglobin concentration (SpHb). SpHb was compared to Co-Oximeter readings (CoOxHb) of arterial samples in surgery patients of the emergency department. Forty-six patients were enrolled. The Masimo R1 25L (revision F and G) adult adhesive sensor was attached to the ring finger of the arterially cannulated hand. Before start, every 30 min during surgery and in the case of severe bleeding SpHb and CoOxHb values were documented...
December 19, 2015: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Andreas Petropoulos, Doris Ehringer-Schetitska, Peter Fritsch, Eero Jokinen, Robert Dalla Pozza, Renate Oberhoffer
OBJECTIVE: The burden of cardiac disease in childhood is unknown. It will be a sum of 1% of living births in the general population, suffering from Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) + approximately 2.5% of the general population suffering from bicuspid aortic valve diseases + an unknown higher prevalence of acquired diseases. Cardiomyopathies, arrhythmias - sudden cardiac death (SCD), rheumatic heard disease, hypertension and accelerating atherosclerosis are among the most frequent. Adding on, genetic syndromes including cardiac defects, endocarditis and myocarditis we can address a large pediatric population worldwide, suffering from heart disease...
September 2015: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Lene G Dalbak, Jørund Straand, Hasse Melbye
OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between decreased pulse oximetry values (SpO2) and clinical, laboratory, and demographic variables in general practice patients diagnosed with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including those with both COPD and asthma in combination. DESIGN/SETTING: A cross-sectional study in seven Norwegian general practices of patients aged 40 years or over who were diagnosed by their general practitioner (GP) with asthma and/or COPD...
2015: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Koji Tamai, Hirofumi Matsuoka, Yujiro Suzuki, Harukazu Yoshimatsu, Daiki Masuya, Nariyasu Nakashima, Nobuhiko Okada, Nao Oda, Sayaka Inoue, Yasuko Koma, Akiko Otsuka
The concurrent diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome (SAHS) (overlap syndrome), can contribute to worsening respiratory symptoms, but whether the severity of COPD is associated with co-morbid SAHS is unknown. We investigated whether the severity of COPD is associated with the complication of SAHS by examination of nocturnal oximetry as an alternative to polysomnography. Patients with COPD concurrently completed nocturnal oximetry, pulmonary function tests, a COPD assessment test, an Epworth sleepiness scale and a hospital anxiety and depression scale to evaluate the severity of COPD and possible concurrent presence of SAHS...
2016: COPD
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"