Read by QxMD icon Read

hearing loss exposure to toxins

Michael Perny, Magdalena Solyga, Denis Grandgirard, Marta Roccio, Stephen L Leib, Pascal Senn
Hearing loss remains the most common long-term complication of pneumococcal meningitis (PM) reported in up to 30% of survivors. Streptococcus pneumoniae have been shown to possess different ototoxic properties. Here we present a novel ex vivo experimental setup to examine in detail the pattern of hair cell loss upon exposure to different S. pneumoniae strains, therefore recapitulating pathogen derived aspects of PM-induced hearing loss. Our results show a higher susceptibility towards S. pneumoniae-induced cochlear damage for outer hair cells (OHC) compared to inner hair cells (IHC), which is consistent with in vivo data...
July 2017: Hearing Research
Hiroyuki Konishi, Nobutaka Ohgami, Aika Matsushita, Yuki Kondo, Yuki Aoyama, Masaaki Kobayashi, Taku Nagai, Shinya Ugawa, Kiyofumi Yamada, Masashi Kato, Hiroshi Kiyama
Diphtheria toxin (DT) administration into transgenic mice that express the DT receptor (DTR) under control of specific promoters is often used for cell ablation studies in vivo. Because DTR is not expressed in mice, DT injection has been assumed to be nontoxic to cells in vivo. In this study, we demonstrated that DT application during the juvenile stage leads to hearing loss in wild-type mice. Auditory brainstem response measurement showed severe hearing loss in C57BL/6 mice administered DT during the juvenile period, and the hearing loss persisted into adulthood...
May 20, 2017: Neuroscience
Matthew Kruger, Robert Boney, Alexander J Ordoobadi, Thomas F Sommers, Josef G Trapani, Allison B Coffin
Moderate to severe hearing loss affects 360 million people worldwide and most often results from damage to sensory hair cells. Hair cell damage can result from aging, genetic mutations, excess noise exposure, and certain medications including aminoglycoside antibiotics. Aminoglycosides are effective at treating infections associated with cystic fibrosis and other life-threatening conditions such as sepsis, but cause hearing loss in 20-30% of patients. It is therefore imperative to develop new therapies to combat hearing loss and allow safe use of these potent antibiotics...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Maki Niihori, Terry Platto, Suzu Igarashi, Audriana Hurbon, Allison M Dunn, Phi Tran, Hung Tran, Jordan A Mudery, Marvin J Slepian, Abraham Jacob
Hearing loss is one of the most common human sensory disabilities, adversely affecting communication, socialization, mood, physical functioning, and quality of life. In addition to age and noise-induced damage, ototoxicity is a common cause of sensorineural hearing loss with chemotherapeutic agents, for example, cisplatin, being a major contributor. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are an excellent model to study hearing loss as they have neurosensory hair cells on their body surface that are structurally similar to those within the human inner ear...
November 2015: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Phillip M Uribe, Leen H Kawas, Joseph W Harding, Allison B Coffin
Loss of sensory hair cells from exposure to certain licit drugs (e.g., aminoglycoside antibiotics, platinum-based chemotherapy agents) can result in permanent hearing loss. Here we ask if allosteric activation of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) cascade via Dihexa, a small molecule drug candidate, can protect hair cells from aminoglycoside toxicity. Unlike native HGF, Dihexa is chemically stable and blood-brain barrier permeable. As a synthetic HGF mimetic, it forms a functional ligand by dimerizing with endogenous HGF to activate the HGF receptor and downstream signaling cascades...
2015: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Angela Wenzel, Bryan K Ward, Michael C Schubert, Amir Kheradmand, David S Zee, Georgios Mantokoudis, John Patrick Carey
OBJECTIVE: To propose an etiology for a syndrome of bilateral vestibular hypofunction and sound and/or pressure-evoked eye movements with normal hearing thresholds. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary care referral center. PATIENTS: Four patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction, sound and/or pressure-evoked nystagmus and normal hearing thresholds were identified over a 3-year period. No evidence of other known vestibular disorders was identified...
June 2014: Otology & Neurotology
Jing Zou, Ya Zhang, Weikai Zhang, Dennis Poe, Suoqiang Zhai, Shiming Yang, Ilmari Pyykkö
The different cell types within the cochlea may have a specific contribution to the pathological changes during metabolism failure, which may provide clues for developing novel strategies for inner ear therapy. In order to evaluate activity-correlated cell death during metabolism failure in the cochlea, 3-nitropropionic acid was used to irreversibly inhibit the respiratory chain. Dose-response of the cochlear cells to 3-nitropropionic acid was analyzed in vitro. 3-Nitropropionic acid was administered onto the round window of guinea pigs...
September 2013: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Adnan Lidian, Monika Stenkvist-Asplund, Birgitta Linder, Matti Anniko, Leif Nordang
CONCLUSION: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) protects the inner ear from PaExoA (exotoxin A from Pseudomonas aeruginosa)-induced sensory neural hearing loss when administered 12 h after exotoxin, but not after 72 h. OBJECTIVE: BDNF is a peptide in the neurotrophin family with protective effects against noise-induced hair cell loss and toxic inner ear damage following exposure to cisplatin. The exotoxin A (PaExoA) from P. aeruginosa, the most common microorganism in chronic suppurative otitis media, induces sensorineural hearing loss in rats...
January 2013: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Adnan Lidian, Birgitta Linder, Matti Anniko, Leif Nordang
CONCLUSION: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) can prevent auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold shift changes caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (PaExoA). OBJECTIVE: Peptides of the neurotrophin family are known to prevent neuronal death during embryonic development by interacting with specific membrane receptors. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a single dose of BDNF is an effective protectant against toxic effects of PaExoA-induced ABR threshold shifts...
January 2013: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Peter C Grayson, J Mark Sloan, John L Niles, Paul A Monach, Peter A Merkel
OBJECTIVES: Reports of an association between antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) and autoimmune neutropenia have rarely included cases of proven vasculitis. A case of ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) with recurrent neutropenia is described and relevant literature on the association between ANCA, neutropenia, and vasculitis is reviewed. METHODS: Longitudinal clinical assessments and laboratory findings are described in a patient with AAV and recurrent episodes of profound neutropenia from December 2008 to October 2010...
December 2011: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Paula V Phongsamran, Jiwon W Kim, Jennifer Cupo Abbott, Angela Rosenblatt
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a challenging clinical complication of liver dysfunction with a wide spectrum of neuropsychiatric abnormalities that range from mild disturbances in cognitive function and consciousness to coma and death. The pathogenesis of HE in cirrhosis is complex and multifactorial, but a key role is thought to be played by circulating gut-derived toxins of the nitrogenous compounds, most notably ammonia. Therapeutic treatment options for HE are currently limited and have appreciable risks and benefits associated with their use...
June 18, 2010: Drugs
A L Smit, R J Stokroos, S G H Litjens, B Kremer, B W Kramer
Congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is common. In the Western world, the incidence is 1-3 per 1000 live births. The aetiology encompasses genetic and non-genetic factors accounting for 55 % and 45 % of cases, respectively. Reports that describe the contribution of intrauterine infection to the occurrence of congenital SNHL are limited, and comparative analysis of the different pathogens is lacking. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a product of bacteriolysis, has been demonstrated to be associated with inner ear damage in experimental studies...
April 2010: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Kelly N Owens, Felipe Santos, Brock Roberts, Tor Linbo, Allison B Coffin, Anna J Knisely, Julian A Simon, Edwin W Rubel, David W Raible
Inner ear sensory hair cell death is observed in the majority of hearing and balance disorders, affecting the health of more than 600 million people worldwide. While normal aging is the single greatest contributor, exposure to environmental toxins and therapeutic drugs such as aminoglycoside antibiotics and antineoplastic agents are significant contributors. Genetic variation contributes markedly to differences in normal disease progression during aging and in susceptibility to ototoxic agents. Using the lateral line system of larval zebrafish, we developed an in vivo drug toxicity interaction screen to uncover genetic modulators of antibiotic-induced hair cell death and to identify compounds that confer protection...
February 29, 2008: PLoS Genetics
Andrew P Kurmis, Stacey A Apps
OBJECTIVES: Occupational noise-induced hearing loss (ONIHL) describes an acquired hearing deficiency directly attributable to excessive workplace noise exposure. Data suggest that excessive noise attributes to approximately 37% of all adult causes of hearing loss and remains a significant contributor to employment-related morbidity internationally. Typically insidiously-acquired, often without frank progressive symptomatology, regional medical agencies continue to struggle with this potentially debilitating condition...
2007: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Masaya Takumida, Matti Anniko
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that edaravone can protect against cochlear damage caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (PaExoA). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the protective effect of a free radical scavenger, edaravone, against the ototoxicity resulting from exposure of the middle ear to PaExoA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In nine groups of albino rats the following solutions were instilled either via the tympanic membrane into the round window niche [intratympanically (i...
January 2006: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Yasuhide Okamoto, Noriyuki Hoya, Kazusaku Kamiya, Masato Fujii, Kaoru Ogawa, Tatsuo Matsunaga
Mitochondrial dysfunction in the cochlea is thought to be an important cause of sensorineural hearing loss. Recently, we have established a novel rat model with acute hearing impairment caused by exposure to the mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) to analyze the mechanism of cochlear mitochondrial dysfunction. Both permanent and temporary threshold shifts were observed in this model depending on the amount of 3-NP used to induce hearing impairment. In this study, we demonstrate cochlear morphological changes in the permanent threshold shift model...
July 2005: Audiology & Neuro-otology
Monika Stenqvist, Matti Anniko
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether the severity of toxin-related hearing loss and the interval between instillation of toxin and surgical trauma affect hearing recovery capacity following semicircular canal (SCC) surgery in the rat. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve rats were injected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (PaExoA). Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) were measured 72 h and 3 weeks later. Depending on the severity of hearing loss, the rats were divided into two groups: those with moderate (Group A; n = 6) and severe (Group B; n = 6) hearing loss...
January 2004: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Manabu Maeta, Matti Anniko
OBJECTIVE: The protective effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) against the ototoxicity resulting from exposure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (PaExoA) to the middle ear was analyzed. The combined effect of BDNF and N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) was also investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six groups of albino rats were instilled through the tympanic membrane into the round window niche with the following solutions: saline; PaExoA; BDNF; L-NAME; PaExoA + BDNF; and PaExoA + BDNF + L-NAME...
January 2003: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Z Lu, S M Tomchik
Red tides are formed from blooms of marine algae. Among them, the dinoflagellate ( Karenia brevis) that is responsible for Florida red tides can release many types of natural toxins, which cause massive kills of marine animals, including endangered species, and threaten human health. This study was to investigate whether or not a neurotoxin, brevetoxin-3, purified from Florida red tides affects hearing sensitivity of a teleost fish, the goldfish ( Carassius auratus). LD(50) of the goldfish that were intraperitoneally injected with brevetoxin-3 was 0...
November 2002: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
J B Leikin, A Davis, D A Klodd, T Thunder, G A Kelafant, D L Paquette, M J Rothe, R Rubin
The auditory and nonauditory effects of noise can be quite profound, affecting approximately 15 to 20 million Americans. As with most occupational toxins, recognition and careful assessment of noise exposure are the foundation on which preventive measures and treatment are based. Dosimeters can measure noise exposure over specific time periods. Pure tone air conduction audiometric monitoring should be performed on an annual basis in workers at risk for significant noise exposure. Occupational infectious disease involves far more than hepatitis and tuberculosis...
April 2000: Disease-a-month: DM
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"