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Methylene Chloride

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644688/intraosseous-administration-of-antidotes-a-systematic-review
#1
Audrée Elliott, Pierre-André Dubé, Amélie Cossette-Côté, Laura Patakfalvi, Eric Villeneuve, Martin Morris, Sophie Gosselin
CONTEXT: Intraosseous (IO) access is an established route of administration in resuscitation situations. Patients with serious poisoning presenting to the emergency department may require urgent antidote therapy. However, intravenous (IV) access is not always readily available. OBJECTIVE: This study reviews the current evidence for IO administration of antidotes that could be used in poisoning. The primary outcome was mortality as a surrogate of efficacy. Secondary outcomes included hemodynamic variables, electrocardiographic variables, neurological status, pharmacokinetics outcomes, and adverse effects as defined by each article...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634802/alkaline-treated-sawdust-as-an-effective-material-for-cationic-dye-removal-from-textile-effluents-under-dynamic-conditions-breakthrough-curve-prediction-and-mechanism-exploration
#2
Ahmed Amine Azzaz, Salah Jellali, Rahma Souissi, Karim Ergaieg, Latifa Bousselmi
This paper deals with the methylene blue molecule (MB) removal from synthetic and real textile wastewaters by alkali-treated orange tree sawdust (ATOS) under different dynamic conditions. Experimental results showed that MB removal efficiencies by ATOS increased when increasing initial dye concentrations and bed depths but decreased with the increase of the applied flow rates with a maximum adsorption capacity of about 110 mg g(-1). Moreover, various empirical models were applied to predict the experimental breakthrough curves (BTCs) and to determine the characteristic adsorption parameters...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571111/occupational-solvent-exposure-and-adult-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-no-risk-in-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-four-nordic-countries
#3
Madar Talibov, Anssi Auvinen, Elisabete Weiderpass, Johnni Hansen, Jan-Ivar Martinsen, Kristina Kjaerheim, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Eero Pukkala
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of occupational solvent exposure on the risk of adult chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The current case-control study was nested in the Nordic Occupational Cancer Study (NOCCA) cohort. 20,615 CLL cases diagnosed in 1961-2005 in Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, and 103,075 population-based controls matched by year of birth, sex, and country were included. Occupational histories for cases and controls were obtained from census records in 1960, 1970, 1980/1981, and 1990...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494432/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-mucoadhesive-acryloyl-quaternized-pdmaema-nanogels-for-ocular-drug-delivery
#4
Ruairí P Brannigan, Vitaliy V Khutoryanskiy
Poly((2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) nanogels were synthesized via surfactant-free free-radical polymerization technique in aqueous conditions utilizing N,N'-methylene-bis-acrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinking agent. The PDMAEMA nanogels were subsequently quaternized with acryloyl chloride in order to yield mucoadhesive materials which incorporate two mucoadhesive concepts; electrostatic interactions and covalent bond forming acrylate groups. The native PDMAEMA nanogels were found to exhibit good mucoadhesive properties on ex vivo bovine conjunctival tissues, which was found to increase proportionally with the degree of quaternization...
April 27, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476961/poly-vinyl-alcohol-poly-acrylamide-co-diallyldimethyl-ammonium-chloride-semi-ipn-hydrogels-for-ciprofloxacin-hydrochloride-drug-delivery
#5
Siva Sankar Sana, Vijaya Kumar Naidu Boya
Herein, the authors developed a new and potential semi-interpenetrating polymer network (semi-IPN) hydrogels of poly vinyl alcohol (PVA), acryl amide and diallyldimethyl ammonium chloride employing chemical cross-linker N, N'-methylene bisacrylamide (NNMBA) and ammonium persulphate as an initiator by radical polymerisation. To analyse the copolymer formation between two monomers and IPN cross-linking reaction, the resulting hydrogel was characterised by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and the surface morphology was analysed using scanning electron microscopy...
February 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452738/development-of-lc-ms-ms-method-for-determination-of-the-olanzapine-in-human-plasma
#6
K Sivsivadze, M Jokhadze, P Tushurashvili, T Murtazashvili, N Imnadze
The study aim was to develop a validated selective, reproducible and sensitive Liquid Chromatography - Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for qualitative and quantitative determination of olanzapin (OLZ ) in human plasma. For isolation was used solid phase extraction with the Gilson GX-271 ASPEC Solid phase extraction system, cartridge Supelclean LC-18 SPE 500mg. Elution solvent contained 40mL of isopropanol, 4mL of concentrated ammonium hydroxide and 156mL of freshly prepared methylene chloride. Samples containing OLZ and IS were chromatographed on AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES 1290 Infinity AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES 6460 Triple quad LC-MS/MS system...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445629/n-acetonitrile-functionalized-nitropyrazoles-precursors-to-insensitive-asymmetric-n-methylene-c-linked-azoles
#7
Dheeraj Kumar, Gregory H Imler, Damon A Parrish, Jean'ne M Shreeve
Properties of energetic compounds obtained by linking energetic pyrazoles to tetrazoles by means of N-methylene-C bridges can be fine-tuned. Reactions of pyrazole derivatives with chloroacetonitrile followed by conversion of the cyano group to tetrazole using click reactions in the presence of zinc chloride result in asymmetric N-methylene-C bridged azole-based energetic compounds. All the compounds were thoroughly characterized by IR and NMR [(1) H, (13) C {(1) H}, (15) N] spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and for two compounds, further supported by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies...
April 26, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439909/effect-of-thermally%C3%A2-deposited-siloxane-methacrylate-coating-on-bonding-to-glass-fibre-posts
#8
F P Silva, A L Faria-E-Silva, R R Moraes, A O Ogliari, G R Reis, A R F Oliveira, M S Menezes
AIM: To evaluate the alterations promoted by a thermally deposited siloxane-methacrylate coating on the surface of glass-fibre posts and its effect on the bond strength of resin-core materials to the posts. METHODOLOGY: Fibre post surfaces were treated with experimental thermally deposited siloxane-methacrylate coatings or clinically available treatments (i.e., hydrogen peroxide and methylene chloride); non-treated posts were used as controls. The contact angles formed between the post surface and the water/adhesive were measured with a tensiometer...
April 25, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388335/agreement-between-two-methods-for-retrospective-assessment-of-occupational-exposure-intensity-to-six-chlorinated-solvents-data-from-the-national-birth-defects-prevention-study
#9
Candice Y Johnson, Carissa M Rocheleau, Misty J Hein, Martha A Waters, Patricia A Stewart, Christina C Lawson, Jennita Reefhuis
The wide variety of jobs encountered in population-based studies makes retrospective exposure assessment challenging in occupational epidemiology. In this analysis, two methods for estimating exposure intensity to chlorinated solvents are compared: rated (assigned by an expert rater) and modeled (assigned using statistical models). Estimates of rated and modeled intensities were compared for jobs held by mothers participating in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study with possible exposure to six chlorinated solvents: carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, methylene chloride, perchloroethylene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, and trichloroethylene...
May 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382365/methylene-bridged-intramolecular-donor-acceptor-systems-based-on-rare-earth-metals-and-phosphinomethanides
#10
Martin Pieper, Jan-Hendrik Lamm, Beate Neumann, Hans-Georg Stammler, Norbert W Mitzel
New geminally bonded intramolecular donor-acceptor systems, Cp2LnCH2PR2 (Ln = Y, Ho, Er, R = CHMe2, CMe3), were prepared by salt elimination reactions between the dicyclopentadienyl-element chlorides (Cp2LnCl, Ln = Y, Ho, Er) and diorganylphosphinomethanides (R2PCH2Li; R = CHMe2, CMe3). These compounds, 1-6, were characterized by elemental analyses, mass spectrometry and X-ray diffraction experiments and the yttrium species additionally by NMR spectroscopy. In the solid state the molecular structures differ from each other, depending on the steric demand of the phosphorus substituents...
April 19, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375686/biological-synthesis-of-gold-and-silver-chloride-nanoparticles-by-glycyrrhiza-uralensis-and-in-vitro-applications
#11
Yue Huo, Priyanka Singh, Yeon Ju Kim, Veronika Soshnikova, Jongpyo Kang, Josua Markus, Sungeun Ahn, Verónica Castro-Aceituno, Ramya Mathiyalagan, Mohan Chokkalingam, Kwi-Sik Bae, Deok Chun Yang
The current study highlights the rapid biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles (Gu-AuNps) and silver chloride nanoparticles (Gu-AgClNps) by aqueous root extract of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, a medicinal plant. G. uralensis has been reported for anticancer and hepatoprotective effects. The reduction of chloroauric acid and silver nitrate by the Glycyrrhiza root extract prompted the formation of Gu-AuNps and Gu-AgClNps within 4 and 40 min at 80 °C, respectively. The complete reaction did not require supplemental reducing and stabilizing agents, which demonstrated green synthesis...
April 4, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281370/nortirucallane-a-a-new-tirucallane-type-nortriterpenoid-isolated-from-lonicerae-japonicae-flos
#12
Xu Wang, Jing Zhang, Ya-Qun Li, Bao-Xiang Du, Qi-Hui Sun, Yun-Jiao Cao, Hai-Qiang Jiang, Yu-Hong Liu, Hong-Lei Zhou, Rong Rong
One new tirucallane-type nortriterpenoid Nortirucallane A (1), together with Chrysoeriol (2) and Isorhamnetin (3), was isolated from the methylene chloride part of Lonicerae japonicae flos. Their structures were elucidated by the detailed analysis of comprehensive spectroscopic data. Compound 3 was isolated from the genus of Lonicera for the first time. The significance of 1 for the study of phytochemical taxonomy was discussed.
March 10, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269766/methylene-blue-tetramethylthionine-chloride-influences-the-mobility-of-adult-neural-stem-cells-a-potentially-novel-therapeutic-mechanism-of-a-therapeutic-approach-in-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Amelie T van der Ven, Julius C Pape, Dirk Hermann, Robert Schloesser, Just Genius, Nadine Fischer, Rainald Mößner, Norbert Scherbaum, Jens Wiltfang, Dan Rujescu, Jens Benninghoff
An interest in neurogenesis in the adult human brain as a relevant and targetable process has emerged as a potential treatment option for Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of tetramethylthionine chloride (methylene blue, MB) on properties of adult murine neural stem cells. Based on recent clinical studies, MB has increasingly been discussed as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease. While no differences in the proliferative capacity were identified, a general potential of MB in modulating the migratory capacity of adult neural stem cells was indicated in a cell mobility assay...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266352/preparation-of-carotenoid-extracts-and-nanoemulsions-from-lycium-barbarum-l-and-their-effects-on-growth-of-ht-29-colon-cancer-cells
#14
H J Hsu, R F Huang, T H Kao, B S Inbaraj, B H Chen
Lycium barbarum L., a traditional Chinese herb widely used in Asian countries, has been demonstrated to be protective against chronic diseases such as age-related macular degeneration. The objectives of this study were to determine the carotenoid content in L. barbarum by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, followed by preparation of a carotenoid nanoemulsion to evaluate the mechanism of inhibition on HT-29 colon cancer cells. The highest extraction yield of carotenoids was attained by employing a solvent system of hexane-ethanol-acetone (1:1:1, v/v/v)...
March 7, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245225/facile-synthesis-of-light-harvesting-semiconductor-bismuth-oxychloride-nano-photo-catalysts-for-efficient-removal-of-hazardous-organic-pollutants
#15
Zaki S Seddigi, Mohammed A Gondal, Umair Baig, Saleh A Ahmed, M A Abdulaziz, Ekram Y Danish, Mazen M Khaled, Abul Lais
In the present work, bismuth oxychloride nanoparticles-a light harvesting semiconductor photocatalyst-were synthesized by a facile hydrolysis route, with sodium bismuthate and hydroxylammonium chloride as the precursor materials. The as-synthesized semiconductor photocatalysts were characterized using X-ray diffraction analysis, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Photoluminescence spectroscopy techniques...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240887/hierarchy-of-supramolecular-arrangements-and-building-blocks-inverted-paradigm-of-crystal-engineering-in-the-unprecedented-metal-coordination-of-methylene-blue
#16
Stefano Canossa, Alessia Bacchi, Claudia Graiff, Paolo Pelagatti, Giovanni Predieri, Andrea Ienco, Gabriele Manca, Carlo Mealli
The aromatic methylene blue cation (MB(+)) shows unprecedented ligand behavior in the X-ray structures of the trigonal-planar (TP) complexes MBMCl2 (M = Cu(I), Ag(I)). The two isostructural compounds were exclusively synthesized by grinding together methylene blue chloride and MCl solids. Only in the case of AuCl did the technique lead to a different, yet isoformular, Au(I) derivative with separated MB(+) and AuCl2(-) counterions and no direct N-Au linkage. While the density functional theory (DFT) molecular modeling failed in reproducing the isolated Cu and Ag complexes, the solid-state program CRYSTAL satisfactorily provided for Cu the correct TP building block associated with a highly compact π stacking of the MB(+) ligands...
February 27, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161542/vasorelaxation-effect-of-glycyrrhizae-uralensis-through-the-endothelium-dependent-pathway
#17
Chu Shan Tan, Yung Sing Ch'ng, Yean Chun Loh, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Mariam Ahmad, Mun Fei Yam
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Glycyrrhiza uralensis (G. uralensis) is one of the herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and serves as an envoy medicinal. Since G. uralensis plays a major role in the anti-hypertensive TCM formulae, we believe that G. uralensis might possess vasorelaxation activity. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study is designed to investigate the vasorelaxation effect of G. uralensis from various extracts and to study its pharmacology effect...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146411/neuroprotective-effect-of-halophyte-salicornia-herbacea-l-is-mediated-by-activation-of-heme-oxygenase-1-in-mouse-hippocampal-ht22-cells
#18
Min Sun Kim, Ji Yeon Seo, Jisun Oh, Yu Kyung Jang, Choong Hwan Lee, Jong-Sang Kim
Salicornia herbacea L. (glasswort, tungtungmadi in Korean), a halophyte that grows in salt marshes and muddy seashores along the western coast of Korea, has been used as a seasoning vegetable and a folk medicine for intestinal ailments, nephropathy, and hepatitis. As the salt-tolerant herb was reported to contain antioxidants, including tungtungmadic acid, quercetin, and chlorogenic acid, we hypothesized that the ethanolic extract of S. herbacea L. (SH extract) enriched with antioxidative compounds will have neuroprotective activity...
February 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118132/validated-chromatographic-methods-for-the-analysis-of-two-binary-mixtures-containing-pyridoxine-hydrochloride
#19
Neven M Habib, Maha M Abdelrahman, Nada S Abdelwhab, Nourudin W Ali
Accurate and precise TLC-densitometric and HPLC-diode-array detector (DAD) methods have been developed and validated to resolve two binary mixtures containing pyridoxine hydrochloride (PYH) with either cyclizine hydrochloride (CYH) or meclizine hydrochloride (MEH). In the developed TLC-densitometric method, chromatographic separation of the three studied drugs was carried out on silica gel 60 F254 plates using a developing system containing methylene chloride + acetone + methanol (7 + 1 + 0.5, v/v/v) scanning separated bands at 220 nm...
March 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117856/effect-of-chemical-etching-solutions-versus-air-abrasion-on-the-adhesion-of-self-adhesive-resin-cement-%C3%A2-to-ips-e-max-zircad-with-and-%C3%A2-without-aging
#20
Amal Abdelsamad Sakrana, Mutlu Özcan
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the adhesion of self-adhesive resin cement to zirconia after various surface conditioning methods in non-aged and aged conditions. METHODS: Zirconia (IPS e.max ZirCAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) and resin composite blocks were obtained and randomly divided into four groups according to one of the following surface conditioning methods: C: No surface treatment (Control); AS: Air abrasion (50 µm Al2O3) at low pressure (0.2 MPa) plus silane (Monobond Plus, Ivoclar Vivadent); MC: Methylene chloride for 60 min; CE: Chemical etching solution at 100°C for 60 min...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
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