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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684660/who-cares-for-the-schizophrenia-individuals-in-rural-china-a-profile-of-primary-family-caregivers
#1
Yu Yu, Bing-Wei Tang, Zi-Wei Liu, Yu-Mei Chen, Xing-Yu Zhang, Shuiyuan Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to provide a comprehensive profile of the primary family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals in rural China. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 327 primary family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals recruited through a one-stage cluster sampling in Ningxiang County of Hunan province, China. The social demographic and psychological profiles of primary caregivers were measured using standard scales and self-designed scales...
April 11, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684230/effective-palliative-care-what-is-involved
#2
REVIEW
Mehak Swami, Amy Allen Case
It is important for oncologists who provide comprehensive cancer care to be familiar with the principles of primary palliative care and interdisciplinary team-based approaches to palliative care. Palliative care is a medical subspecialty that provides specialized care to individuals with serious illnesses, with a primary focus on providing symptom relief, pain management, and relief from psychosocial distress, regardless of diagnosis or prognosis. Ideally, palliative care is provided by a team of physicians, nurses, social workers, psychologists, and chaplains...
April 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684101/high-cure-rate-for-acute-streptococcal-prosthetic-joint-infections-treated-with-debridement-antimicrobials-and-implant-retention-in-a-specialized-tertiary-care-center
#3
Kaisa Huotari, Markku Vuorinen, Mikko Rantasalo
Streptococcal prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) treated with debridement, exchange of removable parts, antibiotics, and implant retention within 3 weeks from symptom onset had implant survival rate of 97.9% and implant survival rate without suppressive antimicrobials of 80.9%. Treatment centralization for acute streptococcal PJIs to specialized centers makes excellent cure-rates possible.
April 19, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683962/pulmonary-ultrasound-a-new-era-in-critical-care-medicine
#4
Silvio A Ñamendys-Silva, Eduardo Garrido-Aguirre, Juan P Romero-González, Roger G Mena-Arceo, Oscar Rojo Del Moral, Octavio González-Chon
Pulmonary ultrasonography is a complementary study that is easy to perform at the patient bedside with no need to transfer the patient to special areas. The technique provides information with high sensitivity and specificity for different pathologies. Pulmonary ultrasonography is a very important diagnostic tool in the assessment of lung, pleural, and chest wall diseases. Pulmonary ultrasound provides low-cost analysis, easy real-time reproduction, and safety, all of which have made it a beneficial tool in the diagnostic arsenal available to medical personnel...
April 20, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683113/-quality-perceived-by-users-of-minor-surgery-according-to-care-level-and-the-professionals-that-carried-it-out
#5
Enrique Oltra Rodríguez, Benjamín Fernández García, Laura Cabiedes Miragaya, Rosario Riestra Rodríguez, Cristina González Aller, Sofía Osorio Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays minor surgery is performed by di- fferent professionals at primary as well as specialized care. Being a healthcare technology, minor surgery must be assessed in order to achieve an organizational efficiency. User's satisfaction must be one of the quality criteria. That is why an analysis of the quality perceived by users according to where minor surgery takes place and who carries it out is made. METHODS: This study explores, conducting telephone surveys, the satisfaction of a sample of 275 minor surgery patients of two hospitals and three primary healthcare areas of Asturias...
April 26, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682916/pediatric-uveitis
#6
Nicole Shu-Wen Chan, Jessy Choi, Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung
Pediatric uveitis differs from adult-onset uveitis and is a topic of special interest because of its diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Children with uveitis are often asymptomatic and the uveitis is often chronic, persistent, recurrent, and resistant to conventional treatment. Anterior uveitis is the most common type of uveitis in children; the prevalence of intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis varies geographically and among ethnic groups. Regarding etiology, most cases of pediatric uveitis are idiopathic but can be due to systemic inflammatory disorders, infections, or a manifestation of masquerade syndrome...
April 23, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682615/the-economic-case-for-precision-medicine
#7
Sean P Gavan, Alexander J Thompson, Katherine Payne
Introduction : The advancement of precision medicine into routine clinical practice has been highlighted as an agenda for national and international health care policy. A principle barrier to this advancement is in meeting requirements of the payer or reimbursement agency for health care. This special report aims to explain the economic case for precision medicine, by accounting for the explicit objectives defined by decision-makers responsible for the allocation of limited health care resources. Areas covered : The framework of cost-effectiveness analysis, a method of economic evaluation, is used to describe how precision medicine can, in theory, exploit identifiable patient-level heterogeneity to improve population health outcomes and the relative cost-effectiveness of health care...
2018: Expert Review of Precision Medicine and Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682223/oral-health-knowledge-and-attitude-among-caregivers-of-special-needs-patients-at-a-comprehensive-rehabilitation-centre-an-analytical-study
#8
Altaf H Shah, Mustafa Naseem, Mohammad Shoyab Khan, Faris Yahya I Asiri, Ibrahim AlQarni, Shabnam Gulzar, Ramesh Nagarajappa
Aim: To evaluate knowledge and attitude of caregivers/healthcare workers regarding oral health of special need patients, at a comprehensive rehabilitation centre. Material and methods: A validated self-administered structured questionnaire was used in an interview style among 120 caregivers at a comprehensive rehabilitation centre. The first part of questionnaire collected demographic information (age, gender, experience, literacy). The other part of the questionnaire was related to the knowledge and attitude of caregivers regarding importance of oral health including oral hygiene practices, cause of tooth decay, significance of fluoride, common oral problems and need for oral health education...
September 2017: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679628/long-and-short-term-outcomes-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-among-south-asian-women-a-community-based-study
#9
REVIEW
B H Sudasinghe, C N Wijeyaratne, P S Ginige
AIMS: To quantify short and long-term outcomes of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) among South Asians METHODS: Prospective cohort-study in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka following a community-prevalence study (WHO 1999 criteria). All women with GDM (exposed) and within sample non-GDM (non-exposed) were recruited. Data was gathered at selected intervals until one-year post-partum by interviewer-administered questionnaire, anthropometry, blood pressure, post-partum 75gOGTT and cholesterol...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679504/intraoral-frostbite-and-leidenfrost-effect
#10
Divya Vinayachandran, Saravanakarthikeyan
Intraoral frostbite as such, is an unusual occurrence. Careful literature review revealed rare cases of intraoral frostbite, attributed to intentional inhalational abuse of fluorinated hydrocarbons, dry ice, liquid nitrogen etc,.1,2 Hypothermal injuries of the gastric mucosa caused by ingestion of liquid nitrogen have been reported but none of these patients suffered from any direct injury affecting the oral mucosa.3 Here, we report the first case of intraoral frostbite causing injury to the oral mucosal tissues due to the direct contact of liquid nitrogen, highlighting the mechanism of the injury...
April 21, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679360/mental-health-of-the-male-adolescent-and-young-man-the-copenhagen-statement
#11
REVIEW
Timothy R Rice, Lesha D Shah, Pilar Trelles, Shih-Ku Lin, Dinne Skjærlund Christensen, Andreas Walther, Leo Sher
BACKGROUND: Male adolescents and young men benefit when their mental health care is specialized to match their unique gendered and developmental needs. Sensitivity to the social circumstances of this population is important; additionally, the emerging ability to tailor care through knowledge gleaned from the intersection of psychiatry, neurology, and endocrinology informs care. DATA SOURCES: This article summarized the views of six experts in the area of the adolescent and young adult male mental health...
April 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679132/-self-reported-vision-in-gerontological-health-services-research-and-practice-an-opening-plea
#12
REVIEW
J Köberlein-Neu, A Seifert, I Himmelsbach
The use of self-reported vision is an integral part of most population surveys and is primarily used for healthcare monitoring. Since the patient's assessment is not always consistent with the objectively measured clinical parameters, the majority of the literature looks critically at the adequacy of self-reported vision, particularly with respect to answering epidemiological questions; however, it is often misunderstood that self-reported vision measures far more than the directly derived information show...
April 20, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678798/analysis-of-college-students-personal-health-information-activities-online-survey
#13
Sujin Kim, Donghee Sinn, Sue Yeon Syn
BACKGROUND: With abundant personal health information at hand, individuals are faced with a critical challenge in evaluating the informational value of health care records to keep useful information and discard that which is determined useless. Young, healthy college students who were previously dependents of adult parents or caregivers are less likely to be concerned with disease management. Personal health information management (PHIM) is a special case of personal information management (PIM) that is associated with multiple interactions among varying stakeholders and systems...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678531/-restructuring-of-medical-specialist-treatment-using-the-example-of-ambulatory-special-medical-care-asv-taking-a-critical-look-at-its-aims-and-implementation
#14
REVIEW
Robert Dengler, Manfred Cassens
With the GKV-VStG act in 2012, the former section 116b SGB V was transformed into ambulatory special medical care (ASV). This system comprises the diagnosis and therapy of rare or complex diseases which are difficult to treat, in need of a special qualification of doctors, an interdisciplinary cooperation and/or special facilities. For the first time, a uniform regulatory framework was established for the participation of office- as well as hospital-based doctors in ambulatory care. There is no planning of demand or licensed permission...
April 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678473/female-sexual-dysfunction-among-muslim-women-increasing-awareness-to-improve-overall-evaluation-and-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Sameena Rahman
INTRODUCTION: Muslim women are an increasingly underserved population in the United States and worldwide. Diagnosis and treatment of female sexual dysfunction bring unique challenges because of the conservative nature of those practicing the religion. Several cultural and religious codes of conduct affect sexual behavior and the dysfunction that can ensue. AIM: To assess and describe the types of sexual dysfunction that have been found in Muslim women internationally and encourage a better understanding of their issues to enhance health care delivery...
April 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678400/predictors-of-social-relationships-for-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#16
Cara Sisk, George Chitiyo, Ashley Akenson
Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) experience various developmental challenges including difficulties in social relationships with peers. Using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs 2009-2010, this correlational study examined predictors of difficulty making and keeping friends among CSHCN. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the data. Findings indicate statistical significance for 12 out of 14 predictor variables...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677961/last-mile-towards-efficient-healthcare-delivery-in-switzerland-ehealth-enabled-applications-could-speed-up-the-care-process
#17
Yihan Deng, Thomas Bürkle, Jürgen Holm, Erwin Zetz, Kerstin Denecke
A precise and timely care delivery depends on an efficient triage performed by primary care providers and smooth collaboration with other medical specialities. In recent years telemedicine gained increasing importance for efficient care delivery. It's use, however, has been limited by legal issues, missing digital infrastructures, restricted support from health insurances and the digital divide in the population. A new era towards eHealth and telemedicine starts with the establishment of national eHealth regulations and laws...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677927/hs-register-an-audit-trail-tool-to-respond-to-the-general-data-protection-regulation-gdpr
#18
Duarte Gonçalves-Ferreira, Mariana Leite, Cátia Santos-Pereira, Manuel E Correia, Luis Antunes, Ricardo Cruz-Correia
Introduction The new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) compels health care institutions and their software providers to properly document all personal data processing and provide clear evidence that their systems are inline with the GDPR. All applications involved in personal data processing should therefore produce meaningful event logs that can later be used for the effective auditing of complex processes. Aim This paper aims to describe and evaluate HS.Register, a system created to collect and securely manage at scale audit logs and data produced by a large number of systems...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676808/the-hetz-gene-indirectly-regulates-heterocyst-development-at-the-level-of-pattern-formation-in-anabaena-sp-strain-pcc-7120
#19
Patrick Videau, Orion S Rivers, Sasa K Tom, Reid T Oshiro, Blake Ushijima, Vaille A Swenson, Benjamin Philmus, Michael O Gaylor, Loralyn M Cozy
Multicellular development requires the careful orchestration of gene expression to correctly create and position specialized cells. In the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120, nitrogen-fixing heterocysts are differentiated from vegetative cells in a reproducibly periodic, and physiologically relevant pattern. While many genetic factors required for heterocyst development have been identified, the role of HetZ has remained unclear. Here we present evidence to clarify the requirement of hetZ for heterocyst production and support a model where HetZ functions in the patterning stage of differentiation...
April 20, 2018: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676806/obstacles-to-comprehensive-dental-care-in-patients-with-sustained-limitations-of-their-decision-making-abilities-findings-from-a-delphi-study
#20
Alessandra Blaizot, Céline Catteau, Caroline Delfosse, Olivier Hamel, Thomas Trentesaux
The objective of this study was to explore the therapeutic limitations experienced by a panel of special-care dentists in France when treating patients with sustained limitations of their decision-making abilities. We used a Delphi technique conducted in three rounds from 01 June 2014 to 30 September 2015. A first questionnaire comprising open-ended questions was addressed to 72 panellists. A content analysis of the returned questionnaires served to draft a second questionnaire comprising closed-ended questions; this was sent to the 28 panellists who responded in the first round...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
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