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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530326/-serum-thyroglobulin-levels-and-estimated-iodine-intake-in-adults-exposed-to-iodine%C3%A2-diluted-desalinated-drinking-water
#1
Dov Gefel, Svetlana Turkot, Dorit Aharoni, Shlomo Fytlovich, Yaniv S Ovadia
AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe thyroglobulin levels and iodine intake estimations in a convenience sample of Israeli adults without TD in the Ashkelon District, where SWRO desalination has become the major source of drinking water. BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency (ID) is a significant risk factor for thyroid disease (TD). Recently, there were increases in both selfreported use of TD medication among Israeli adults and the national use of sea water reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalinated water...
August 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528992/pediatric-ophthalmology-and-strabismus-fellowship-match-outcomes-2000-2015
#2
Gad Dotan, Daniel J Karr, Alex V Levin
PURPOSE: To analyze trends in US pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus (PO&S) Match over the last 16 years. MethodsWe reviewed the PO&S Match outcomes from 2000 to 2015, evaluating the number of participating programs, positions offered, and match rate, comparing it with other subspecialties, and analyzing results of US graduates versus international medical graduates (IMGs). A survey of PO&S program directors explored exposure to PO&S, policies on acceptance of IMGs, fellowship gross salary, job opportunities, and fellow placement after training...
May 18, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528765/impact-and-effectiveness-of-childhood-varicella-vaccine-program-in-queensland-australia
#3
Sarah L Sheridan, Helen E Quinn, Brynley P Hull, Robert S Ware, Keith Grimwood, Stephen B Lambert
BACKGROUND: In November 2005, Australia introduced a publicly funded single dose of varicella vaccine for children aged 18-months. We describe the impact of this program on varicella hospitalisations in Queensland and provide the first assessment of single-dose varicella vaccine effectiveness in Australia since the program commenced. METHODS: Age-standardised varicella hospitalisation rates were calculated for 2000-2014 and pre- and post-public funding period rates compared...
May 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522102/retrospective-multicenter-matched-case-control-study-on-the-risk-factors-for-narcolepsy-with-special-focus-on-vaccinations-including-pandemic-influenza-vaccination-and-infections-in-germany
#4
Doris Oberle, Jutta Pavel, Geert Mayer, Peter Geisler, Brigitte Keller-Stanislawski
OBJECTIVE: Studies associate pandemic influenza vaccination with narcolepsy. In Germany, a retrospective, multicenter, matched case-control study was performed to identify risk factors for narcolepsy, particularly regarding vaccinations (seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccination) and infections (seasonal and pandemic influenza) and to quantify the detected risks. METHODS: Patients with excessive daytime sleepiness who had been referred to a sleep center between April 2009 and December 2012 for multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) were eligible...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521021/satellite-cell-mediated-breast-muscle-regeneration-decreases-with-broiler-size
#5
M R Daughtry, E Berio, Z Shen, E J R Suess, N Shah, A E Geiger, E R Berguson, R A Dalloul, M E Persia, H Shi, D E Gerrard
Satellite cells (SCs) reside between the sarcolemma and basal lamina of muscle fibers and are the primary contributor of DNA for post-hatch muscle growth and repair. Alterations in SC content or properties by intrinsic and extrinsic factors can have detrimental effects on muscle health and function, and ultimately meat quality. We hypothesized that disrupted SC homeostasis may account in part for the increased breast myopathies observed in growing broilers. To test this hypothesis, we selected broilers with different body weights at comparable ages and studied SC characteristics in vitro and in vivo...
May 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515505/application-of-the-layered-learning-practice-model-in-an-academic-medical-center
#6
Brittany M Loy, Sendra Yang, Jason M Moss, Debra W Kemp, Jamie N Brown
The layered learning practice model (LLPM) is a teaching strategy designed to train residents to precept students and other residents with the oversight of a seasoned clinical pharmacist. This model serves as a tool for residency programs to implement quality precepting opportunities and learning experiences as they look for new ways to integrate multiple learners into the practice setting. The levels of the LLPM include a senior preceptor, resident, and student. It is best implemented through utilization of 4 steps: orientation to the LLPM, preexperience planning, implementation, and postexperience evaluation...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514230/causes-of-death-of-residents-in-acgme-accredited-programs-2000-through-2014-implications-for-the-learning-environment
#7
Nicholas A Yaghmour, Timothy P Brigham, Thomas Richter, Rebecca S Miller, Ingrid Philibert, DeWitt C Baldwin, Thomas J Nasca
PURPOSE: To systematically study the number of U.S. resident deaths from all causes, including suicide. METHOD: The more than 9,900 programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) annually report the status of residents. The authors aggregated ACGME data on 381,614 residents in training during years 2000 through 2014. Names of residents reported as deceased were submitted to the National Death Index to learn causes of death...
May 9, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511150/disparities-in-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-and-survival-of-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-south-australians
#8
David Banham, David Roder, Dorothy Keefe, Gelareh Farshid, Marion Eckert, Margaret Cargo, Alex Brown
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study tested the utility of retrospectively staging cancer registry data for comparing stage and stage-specific survivals of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people. Differences by area level factors were also explored. METHODS: This test dataset comprised 950 Aboriginal cases and all other cases recorded on the South Australian cancer registry with a 1977-2010 diagnosis. A sub-set of 777 Aboriginal cases diagnosed in 1990-2010 were matched with randomly selected non-Aboriginal cases by year of birth, diagnostic year, sex, and primary site of cancer...
May 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505843/quantum-resonant-activation
#9
Luca Magazzù, Peter Hänggi, Bernardo Spagnolo, Davide Valenti
Quantum resonant activation is investigated for the archetype setup of an externally driven two-state (spin-boson) system subjected to strong dissipation by means of both analytical and extensive numerical calculations. The phenomenon of resonant activation emerges in the presence of either randomly fluctuating or deterministic periodically varying driving fields. Addressing the incoherent regime, a characteristic minimum emerges in the mean first passage time to reach an absorbing neighboring state whenever the intrinsic time scale of the modulation matches the characteristic time scale of the system dynamics...
April 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505261/survival-and-causes-of-death-among-people-with-clinically-diagnosed-synucleinopathies-with-parkinsonism-a-population-based-study
#10
Rodolfo Savica, Brandon R Grossardt, James H Bower, J Eric Ahlskog, Bradley F Boeve, Jonathan Graff-Radford, Walter A Rocca, Michelle M Mielke
Importance: To our knowledge, a comprehensive study of the survival and causes of death of persons with synucleinopathies compared with the general population has not been conducted. Understanding the long-term outcomes of these conditions may inform patients and caregivers of the expected disease duration and may help with care planning. Objective: To compare survival rates and causes of death among patients with incident, clinically diagnosed synucleinopathies and age- and sex-matched referent participants...
May 15, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501416/digoxin-and-30-day-all-cause-readmission-in-long-term-care-residents-hospitalized-for-heart-failure
#11
Helen M Sheriff, Manik R Thogaripally, Gurusher Panjrath, Cherinne Arundel, Qing Zeng, Gregg C Fonarow, Javed Butler, Ross D Fletcher, Charity Morgan, Marc R Blackman, Prakash Deedwania, Thomas E Love, Wilbert S Aronow, Stefan D Anker, Richard M Allman, Ali Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Digoxin use has been shown to be associated with a lower risk of 30-day all-cause hospital readmissions in older patients with heart failure (HF). In the current study, we examined this association among long-term care (LTC) residents hospitalized for HF. METHODS: Of the 8049 Medicare beneficiaries discharged alive after hospitalization for HF from 106 Alabama hospitals, 545 (7%) were LTC residents, of which 227 (42%) received discharge prescriptions for digoxin...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500810/environmental-and-behavioral-drivers-of-buruli-ulcer-disease-in-selected-communities-along-the-densu-river-basin-of-ghana-a-case-control-study
#12
Samuel Yaw Aboagye, Prince Asare, Isaac Darko Otchere, Eric Koka, George Ekow Mensah, Dzidzo Yirenya-Tawiah, Dorothy Yeboah-Manu
AbstractThe exact route of transmission of Mycobacterium ulcerans (MU) (causative agent of Buruli ulcer [BU]), risk factors, and reservoir hosts are not clearly known, although it has been identified as an environmental pathogen. This study assessed potential environmental and behavioral risk factors that influence BU infections. We conducted a case-control study where cases were matched by their demographic characteristics and place of residence. A structured questionnaire was administered to solicit information on the environmental and behavioral factors of participants that may expose them to infection...
May 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500141/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-scottish-military-veterans
#13
Beverly P Bergman, D F Mackay, J P Pell
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Serving military personnel have previously been shown to be more likely to smoke, and to smoke more heavily, than civilians, but there is no clear consensus as to whether in later life, as veterans, they experience a higher prevalence and mortality from COPD than do non-veterans. We examined the risk of COPD in Scottish veterans and assessed the impact of changes in military smoking. METHODS: Retrospective 30-year cohort study of 56 205 veterans born 1945-1985, and 172 741 people with no record of military service, matched for age, sex and area of residence, using Cox proportional hazard models to examine the association between veteran status, birth cohort, length of service and risk of COPD resulting in hospitalisation or death...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499436/inequality-in-healthcare-costs-between-residing-and-non-residing-patients-evidence-from-vietnam
#14
Hieu M Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Place of residence has been shown to impact health. To date, however, previous studies have only focused on the variability in health outcomes and healthcare costs between urban and rural patients. This study takes a different approach and investigates cost inequality facing non-residing patients - patients who do not reside in the regions in which the hospitals are located. Understanding the sources for this inequality is important, as they are directly related to healthcare accessibility in developing countries...
May 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494890/the-predictive-value-of-pre-recruitment-achievement-on-resident-performance-in-anesthesiology
#15
Fei Chen, Harendra Arora, Susan M Martinelli, Emily Teeter, David Mayer, David A Zvara, Anthony Passannante, Kathleen A Smith
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Selecting candidates for residency positions is challenging and there is little research on the correlation between commonly used selection criteria and subsequent performance in anesthesiology. This study examined the association between the selection measures and post-recruitment performance in residency. DESIGN: Retrospective review of archival data. SETTING: Anesthesiology residency program at a large academic anesthesiology department...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494537/interstitial-lung-disease-and-lung-cancer-development-a-5-year-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Won-Il Choi, Sun Hyo Park, Byeong Ju Park, Choong Won Lee
Purpose: In this nationwide 5-year longitudinal population-based study, we aimed at investigating the incidence of lung cancer among patients with interstitial lung disease. Materials and Methods: Data was collected from the Korean National Health Insurance Research Database from 49,773,195 Korean residents in 2009. 13,666 patients with interstitial lung disease diagnosed January-December 2009. The end of follow-up was June 30, 2014. Up to four matching chronic obstructive pulmonary disease controls were selected to compare the lung cancer high-risk group based on age, sex, diagnosis date (within 30 days), and hospital size...
May 8, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491337/kidney-disease-among-registered-m%C3%A3-tis-citizens-of-ontario-a-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Jade S Hayward, Eric McArthur, Danielle M Nash, Jessica M Sontrop, Storm J Russell, Saba Khan, Jennifer D Walker, Gihad E Nesrallah, Manish M Sood, Amit X Garg
BACKGROUND: Indigenous peoples in Canada have higher rates of kidney disease than non-Indigenous Canadians. However, little is known about the risk of kidney disease specifically in the Métis population in Canada. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and incidence of acute kidney injury and end-stage kidney disease among registered Métis citizens in Ontario and a matched sample from the general Ontario population. DESIGN: Population-based, retrospective cohort study using data from the Métis Nation of Ontario's Citizenship Registry and administrative databases...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489710/survival-guide-for-the-orthopaedic-surgery-match
#18
Scott E Porter, Charles M Jobin, T Sean Lynch, William N Levine
The process of matching into an orthopaedic surgery residency program can be daunting for medical students. Rumors, innuendo, urban myths, and electronic misinformation can accentuate the angst experienced by students both domestically and internationally. This article dispels myths and presents an up-to-date, evidence-based (where possible), and experience-laden road map to assist medical students interested in pursuing a career in orthopaedic surgery. Our framework takes into account the program selection, test scores, letters of recommendation, visiting rotations, interviews, and communication...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488949/decrease-hospital-spending-there-s-an-app-for-that-a-retrospective-analysis-of-implementation-of-a-mobile-resident-handbook-on-hospital-costs-and-disposition
#19
Matthew D Holtkamp
BACKGROUND: Patient care involves time sensitive decisions. Matching a patient's presenting condition with possible diagnoses requires proper assessment and diagnostic tests. Timely access to necessary information leads to improved patient care, better outcomes, and decreased costs. INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated objective outcomes of the implementation of a novel Resident Handbook Application (RHAP) for smart phones. METHODS: The RHAP included tools necessary to make proper assessments and to order appropriate tests...
May 10, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486993/a-case-control-study-on-family-history-as-a-risk-factor-for-herpes-zoster-and-associated-outcomes-beijing-china
#20
Luodan Suo, Li Lu, Juan Li, Mu Sun, Haihong Wang, Xinhui Peng, Fan Yang, Xinghuo Pang, Mona Marin, Chengbin Wang
BACKGROUND: Hospital-based case control studies have found family history of herpes zoster (HZ) was associated with risk of HZ, but the role of family history is not fully examined for other HZ-associated outcomes such as recurrent HZ, occurrence of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), and HZ with different pain severities. METHODS: We conducted a population-based matched case control study. HZ cases that occurred during December 1, 2011 to November 30, 2012 were identified by face-to-face interview with all residents of eight selected communities/villages from three districts of Beijing, China...
May 9, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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