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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079727/how-supervisor-experience-influences-trust-supervision-and-trainee-learning-a-qualitative-study
#1
Leslie Sheu, Jennifer R Kogan, Karen E Hauer
PURPOSE: Appropriate trust and supervision facilitate trainees' growth toward unsupervised practice. The authors investigated how supervisor experience influences trust, supervision, and subsequently trainee learning. METHOD: In a two-phase qualitative inductive content analysis, phase one entailed reviewing 44 internal medicine resident and attending supervisor interviews from two institutions (July 2013 to September 2014) for themes on how supervisor experience influences trust and supervision...
January 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079266/risk-of-mortality-in-elderly-nursing-home-patients-with-depression-using-paroxetine
#2
Vishal Bali, Satabdi Chatterjee, Michael L Johnson, Hua Chen, Ryan M Carnahan, Rajender R Aparasu
OBJECTIVE: Among selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), paroxetine is strongly anticholinergic and might lead to higher risk of adverse outcomes such as mortality. This study examined the risk of mortality in depressed elderly nursing home patients using paroxetine and other SSRIs. METHODS: This study used 2007-2010 Minimum Data Set - linked Medicare data and propensity score-matched retrospective cohort study design to achieve the study objective. New users of paroxetine and other SSRIs were followed until they reached the end of the follow-up period (one year), switched to a different antidepressant class, used psychotherapy, or had a gap of more than 15 days in the use of index antidepressant class, whichever occurred earlier...
January 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078633/benzodiazepine-use-and-risk-of-developing-alzheimer-s-disease-a-case-control-study-based-on-swiss-claims-data
#3
Fabienne A Biétry, Alena M Pfeil, Oliver Reich, Matthias Schwenkglenks, Christoph R Meier
BACKGROUND: A possible association between benzodiazepine use and Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been hypothesized in previous studies. OBJECTIVES: Using claims data from the Helsana Group, a large Swiss health insurance provider, we examined the association between previous benzodiazepine use and the risk of AD. METHODS: We conducted a matched case-control study and identified 1438 incident AD cases between 2013 and 2014 based on recorded first-time use of drugs used to treat AD [i...
January 11, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078092/severe-obesity-emotions-and-eating-habits-a-case-control-study
#4
M Koski, H Naukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has a multifaceted etiology that involves genetic, biological and behavioral factors, body growth, eating habits, energy expenditure and the function of adipose tissue. The present study aimed to expand upon knowledge about the relationships among obesity, emotions and eating habits in severely obese individuals using a case-control method. METHODS: The subject group consisted of 112 individuals (81 females and 31 males) receiving a permanent disability pension primarily for obesity...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077750/the-association-between-neurocysticercosis-and-hippocampal-atrophy-is-related-to-age
#5
Oscar H Del Brutto, Naoum P Issa, Perla Salgado, Victor J Del Brutto, Mauricio Zambrano, Julio Lama, Héctor H García
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) has been associated with hippocampal atrophy, but the prevalence and pathogenic mechanisms implicated in this relationship are unknown. Using a population-based, case-control study design, residents in a rural village (Atahualpa) aged ≥ 40 years with calcified NCC were identified as cases and paired to NCC-free individuals (control subjects) matched by age, sex, and level of education. Cases and control subjects underwent magnetic resonance imaging for hippocampal rating according to the Scheltens' scale for medial temporal atrophy and were interviewed to identify those with a clinical seizure disorder...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067610/the-efficacy-of-a-computer-assisted-cognitive-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-with-mild-cognitive-deficits-a-pilot-study
#6
William E Mansbach, Ryan A Mace, Kristen M Clark
: Background/Study Context: Whereas computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation (CR) programs show promise as tools for improving cognition in certain populations, there is not a consensus regarding their efficacy. This study focuses on restorative CR, a treatment designed to improve cognitive functioning affected by progressive brain changes due to disease or aging, through computer-assisted cognitive exercises. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a computer-assisted restorative CR intervention for improving cognitive functioning in older rehabilitation patients with relatively mild cognitive deficits...
January 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066812/the-denture-associated-oral-microbiome-in-health-and-stomatitis
#7
Baochen Shi, Tingxi Wu, Jeffrey McLean, Anna Edlund, Youngik Young, Xuesong He, Hongyang Lv, Xuedong Zhou, Wenyuan Shi, Huiying Li, Renate Lux
While investigation of the microbiome on natural oral surfaces has generated a wealth of information, few studies have examined the microbial communities colonizing dentures and their relationship to oral health. To address this knowledge gap, we characterized the bacterial community associated with dentures and remaining teeth in healthy individuals and patients with denture stomatitis. The microbiome compositions of matched denture and tooth plaque samples of 10 healthy individuals and 9 stomatitis patients were determined by 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063367/effects-of-high-fructose-intake-on-the-development-of-hypertension-in-the-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-the-role-of-at1r-gp91-phox-signaling-in-the-rostral-ventrolateral-medulla
#8
Kay L H Wu, Chih-Wei Wu, You-Lin Tain, Yung-Mei Chao, Chun-Ying Hung, Pei-Chia Tsai, Wei-Sing Wang, Cheng-Dean Shih
Both genetic and dietary factors determine the development of hypertension. Whether dietary factor impacts the development of hereditary hypertension is unknown. Here, we evaluated the effect of daily high-fructose diet (HFD) on the development of hypertension in adolescent spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Six-week-old SHR were randomly divided into two groups to receive HFD or normal diet (ND) for 3 weeks. The temporal profile of systolic blood pressure, alongside the sympathetic vasomotor activity, in the SHR-HFD showed significantly greater increases at 9-12 weeks of age compared with the age-matched SHR-ND group...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060888/the-association-between-gaba-modulators-and-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-matched-retrospective-case-control-study
#9
Jonathan Ström, Johan Tham, Fredrik Månsson, Jonas Ahl, Tor C Savidge, Sara M Dann, Fredrik Resman
OBJECTIVE: Recently, metabolomics studies have suggested that the neurotransmitter γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) may modulate C. difficile infection (CDI) pathogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the association between GABA-modulating pharmaceuticals and CDI development. METHODS: In July-December 2013, we performed a matched, retrospective case-control study in Skåne county, Sweden, to assess the association between the use of GABA-modulators (defined as regular use of at least one of the following: zolpidem, zopiclone, benzodiazepines, gabapentin, pregabalin or baclofen) and CDI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060237/a-comparison-of-matched-and-unmatched-orthopaedic-surgery-residency-applicants-from-2006-to-2014-data-from-the-national-resident-matching-program
#10
John B Schrock, Matthew J Kraeutler, Michael R Dayton, Eric C McCarty
BACKGROUND: The Association of American Medical Colleges publishes residency match data and reports through the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) every year. The purpose of this study was to analyze trends in orthopaedic surgery residency matching data and characteristics of successful applicants to counsel medical students with regard to their chances of matching. METHODS: The annual reports of the NRMP were searched annually from 2006 to 2014 to determine the number of orthopaedic surgery residency positions available, the number of applicants, and the match rate among applicants...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052804/prevalence-of-dermatologic-diseases-among-patients-with-selective-immunoglobulin-a-deficiency
#11
Eli Magen, Atheer Masalha, Dan Andrei Waitman, Natan Kahan, Igor Viner, Leonora Klassov, Daniel Vardy
BACKGROUND: There are no published large-scale epidemiologic studies regarding the prevalence of skin diseases in patients with selective immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency (sIgAD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of dermatological diseases in patients with sIgAD. METHODS: This retrospective matched case-control study was based on data from the Leumit Healthcare Services data base (approximately 725,000 residents of Israel), which was searched for all subjects aged ≥12 years who had undergone serum total IgA measurements during 2004-14 for any reason...
January 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051902/the-clinical-utility-reliability-and-validity-of-the-rivermead-behavioural-memory-test-third-edition-rbmt-3-in-hong-kong-older-adults-with-or-without-cognitive-impairments
#12
K N K Fong, K K L Lee, Z P Y Tsang, J Y H Wan, Y Y Zhang, A F C Lau
This study examined the use of the Hong Kong version of the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test-Third Edition (RBMT-3) for older adults, and by presenting the optimal cut-off scores for patients with cognitive impairments, and for a group of peers who have functional everyday cognition. Hundred older adults residing in community dwellings were recruited from three non-government organisations and completed the RBMT-3: 29 patients with mild to moderate dementia, 34 persons at risk for MCI, and 37 matched older adults with everyday functional cognition for a healthy control group (NC)...
January 4, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047549/su-f-p-16-improving-the-medphys-match-and-interview-process-results-from-an-independent-survey-of-applicants-and-programs
#13
A Rodrigues, T Juang, S Vimolchalao, J Burmeister, K Hendrickson
PURPOSE: To provide recommendations from applicants and program directors on improving the Medical Physics Residency Matching Program (the "MedPhys" Match) and the associated interview process. METHODS: A survey gauging interview and match experience was emailed to all applicants and program directors registered for the inaugural 2014/15 MedPhys Match. Detailed questions included satisfaction with the match experience, logistics and cost of interviewing for applicants, and specific suggestions to improve the match...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047359/tu-d-201-10-ethics-and-discriminatory-behavior-in-the-medphys-match
#14
K Hendrickson, J Burmeister, A Rodrigues, T Juang, S Vimolchalao
PURPOSE: To investigate behaviors that may be in conflict with ethical standards of the Medical Physics Residency (MedPhys) Match process and with best practices for adhering to non-discrimination regulations of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). METHODS: A confidential survey was sent to registered applicants and program directors for the 2014/2015 MedPhys Match. Survey questions included demographics, application, interview and post-interview experiences, match results, and overall satisfaction with the process...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046898/su-f-p-17-making-the-match-selection-factors-in-the-medical-physics-residency-match
#15
T Juang, A Rodrigues, S Vimolchalao, J Burmeister, K Hendrickson
PURPOSE: To provide information on selection factors in the medical physics residency match process to assist both residency programs and future applicants in successfully matching with their preferred choices. METHODS: A survey on the medical physics residency match and interview process, including questions regarding specific major and minor considerations for interview selection and match ranking, was emailed to all applicants and residency program directors registered in the 2015 MedPhys Match...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046364/su-f-p-22-will-the-low-residency-placement-rate-scare-talented-candidates-away-from-our-profession
#16
B Loughery, K Hendrickson, J Burmeister
PURPOSE: The low placement rate (∼25%) of medical physics residency match applicants is well-known to medical physics graduate students, and is beginning to be appreciated by prospective students. We examine this placement rate in detail and its potential impact on future recruitment into our profession based on survey data of both match applicants and program directors. METHODS: To evaluate and validate residency placement rates, we analyzed annual CAMPEP graduate and residency program reports and data from individual graduate program websites...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042063/hospice-use-and-pain-management-in-elderly-nursing-home-residents-with-cancer
#17
Jacob N Hunnicutt, Jennifer Tjia, Kate L Lapane
CONTEXT: Pain management is suboptimal in nursing homes. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the extent to which receipt of hospice in nursing homes (NH) increases the receipt of pain management for residents with cancer at the end-of-life. METHODS: Study participants included Medicare beneficiaries with cancer who were NH residents in the last 90 days of life in 2011-2012 (n=78,160). Residents in pain on hospice were matched to like residents without hospice by facility, type of pain assessment (self-report/staff assessment), and weeks until death (9,064 matched strata, 16,968 unique residents...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035752/the-effect-of-mhc-antigen-matching-between-donors-and-recipients-on-skin-tolerance-of-vascularized-composite-allografts
#18
K Shanmugarajah, H Powell, D A Leonard, C Mallard, A Albritton, E Harrington, M A Randolph, E Farkash, D H Sachs, J M Kurtz, C L Cetrulo
The emergence of skin-containing vascularized composite allografts (VCAs) has provided impetus to understand factors affecting rejection/tolerance of skin. VCA tolerance can be established in miniature swine across haploidentical MHC barriers using mixed chimerism. As the deceased donor pool for VCAs does not permit MHC antigen matching, clinical VCAs are transplanted across varying MHC disparities. Here, we investigated whether sharing of MHC class I or class II antigens between donors and recipients influences VCA skin tolerance...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033239/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-antibodies-in-portuguese-children
#19
Ricardo Oliveira, João Rodrigo Mesquita, Sara Pereira, Joana Abreu-Silva, Joana Teixeira, Maria São José Nascimento
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has become a growing Public Health concern in industrialized countries. Most of the HEV seroprevalence studies have focused on adult populations and reports regarding HEV seroepidemiology among children are scarce in these countries. The aims of the present work were to perform a nationwide seroprevalence study on HEV infection in Portuguese children and to compare the HEV seropositivity in this 2015 children cohort with results in sera performed 20 years earlier...
December 28, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027272/reply-applying-to-integrated-plastic-surgery-residency-programs-trends-in-the-past-5-years-of-the-match
#20
Kashyap Komarraju Tadisina, Bahar Bassiri Gharb, Susan Orra, Grzegorz Kwiecien, Steven Bernard, James E Zins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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