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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335014/impact-of-high-intensity-polio-eradication-activities-on-children-s-routine-immunization-status-in-northern-india
#1
Marco J Haenssgen
The objective of this article is to analyse and quantify the side effects of the Polio Eradication Initiative on routine immunization performance in India. Past studies have faced methodological challenges in assessing these side effects. This article offers a methodological alternative for health policy analysts. The research uses secondary household survey data from the Indian District-Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS), focusing on children aged 10-30 months in the Northern Indian states of Uttar Pradesh (n = 34 327) and Bihar (n = 20 525)...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333194/aesthetic-surgery-fellowship-selection-criteria-a-national-fellowship-director-survey
#2
Francesco M Egro, Ololade T Saliu, Foad Nahai, Vu T Nguyen
Background: Desirable candidate characteristics for aesthetic surgery fellowship applicants remain unknown because of a lack of data in the literature. Objectives: This study aims to identify the criteria used to select applicants for aesthetic surgery fellowship in the United States. Methods: A 38-question survey was sent in April 2015 to all directors of fellowships endorsed by the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (n = 20) in the United States...
February 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328737/considerations-for-medical-students-and-advisors-after-an-unsuccessful-match
#3
Tracy Bumsted, Benjamin N Schneider, Nicole M Deiorio
Increasing numbers of graduating U.S. medical students are not securing a graduate medical education (GME) position, even after participating in the National Resident Matching Program (also known as "the Match") and the Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program. The reasons for an unsuccessful Match include increasing numbers of applicants compared with nearly unchanging numbers of available GME positions, academic problems or professionalism lapses, and a poor fit between applicants and their first-choice specialty...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319788/functional-and-dysfunctional-impulsivity-and-attempted-suicide-in-rural-china-a-paired-case-control-study
#4
Yang-Yang Liu, Xin-Ting Wang, Hui-Min Qiu, Ai-Qiang Xu, Cun-Xian Jia
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between functional and dysfunctional impulsivity and attempted suicide in rural China. Data of this study came from the investigation of 407 suicide attempters and their paired non-suicide attempters matched with the same gender, age (±3 years) and residence area in six counties in rural Shandong, China. Suicide attempters accounted for a lower proportion on high functional impulsivity, but a higher proportion on high dysfunctional impulsivity than non-suicide attempters...
March 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319452/the-state-of-the-otolaryngology-match-a-review-of-applicant-trends-impossible-qualifications-and-implications
#5
Sarah N Bowe, Cecelia E Schmalbach, Adrienne M Laury
Objective This State of the Art Review aims (1) to define recent qualifications of otolaryngology resident applicants by focusing on United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores, Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA) status, and research/publications and (2) to summarize the current literature regarding the relationship between these measures and performance in residency. Data Sources Electronic Residency Application Service, National Residency Matching Program, PubMed, Ovid, and GoogleScholar. Review Methods Electronic Residency Application Service and National Residency Matching Program data were analyzed to evaluate trends in applicant numbers and qualifications...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318987/a-clinical-evaluation-of-the-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-intravenous-alfaxalone-in-cyclodextrin-in-male-and-female-rats-following-a-loading-dose-and-constant-rate-infusion
#6
Kate L White, Stuart Paine, John Harris
OBJECTIVE: To characterise, as a clinical study, the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and describe the hypnotic effect of the neurosteroid alfaxalone (3α-hydroxy-5 α-pregnane-11, 20-dione) formulated with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin in male and female rats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental laboratory study. ANIMALS: A total of 12 (six male and six female) adult, aged-matched Sprague Dawley rats. METHODS: Surgery and instrumentation was performed under isoflurane anaesthesia in an oxygen/nitrous oxide mixture (1:2) and local anaesthetic infiltration...
February 1, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316915/pan-masala-habits-and-risk-of-oral-precancer-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-0-45-million-people-of-north-india
#7
Divya Mehrotra, Sumit Kumar, Shambhavi Mishra, Sandeep Kumar, Prashant Mathur, C M Pandey, Arvind Pandey, Kishore Chaudhry
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional community based study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of consumption habits for non tobacco pan masala (ASU) and the risk of developing oral precancer in North India. METHODS: This study was conducted in the old town of Lucknow city in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. Subjects residing for more than 6 months and aged 15 years or above, were enrolled in the study after their informed consent. A two page survey tool was used to collect the data...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316314/choosing-surgery-identifying-factors-leading-to-increased-general-surgery-matriculation-rate
#8
David T Pointer, Matthew D Freeman, James R Korndorffer, Peter C Meade, Bernard M Jaffe, Douglas P Slakey
Tulane graduates have, over the past six years, chosen general surgical residency at a rate above the national average (mean 9.6% vs 6.6%). With much of the recent career choice research focusing on disincentives and declining general surgery applicants, we sought to identify factors that positively influenced our students' decision to pursue general surgery. A 50-question survey was developed and distributed to graduates who matched into a general surgery between the years 2006 and 2014. The survey evaluated demographics, exposure to surgery, and factors affecting interest in a surgical career...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316220/-correlation-between-social-support-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-at-different-periods-of-treatment
#9
L Yang, W P Song, Z L Chen, Y Wang, Y Y Chen, Y H Hua, M Chen, W B Zou
Objective: To analyze the differences between the social support for breast cancer patients and healthy female, and to explore the correlation between social support and quality of life (QOL) in the patients. Methods: From January 2013 to December 2014, 101 patients with operable breast cancer treated at Xinyu City People's Hospital were recruited as the experimental group. They completed questionnaires in the preoperative, postoperative chemoradiotherapy and rehabilitation periods, respectively.101 healthy female volunteers recruited from the community were included as control group, whose age and level of education were matched with those of the experimental group...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306141/the-attributable-burden-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-to-long-term-care-facilities-stay-a-clinical-study
#10
Styliani Karanika, Christos Grigoras, Myrto E Flokas, Michail Alevizakos, Tori Kinamon, Erna M Kojic, Eleftherios Mylonakis
BACKGROUND: Advanced age, history of hospitalization, and antibiotic consumption are associated with the pathogenesis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) represent a setting where CDI has been increasingly reported. We aimed to estimate the actual attributable burden of CDI to LTCF stay and determine the characteristics of the disease epidemiology in this setting. DESIGN: IRB-approved retrospective cohort study. SETTING: LTCF and community...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302274/pipeline-program-recruits-and-retains-women-and-underrepresented-minorities-in-procedure-based-specialties-a-brief-report
#11
Bonnie S Mason, William Ross, Monique C Chambers, Richard Grant, Michael Parks
As the US population continues to grow in racial and ethnic diversity, we also continue to see healthcare disparities across racial lines. Considerable attention has been given to creating a physician workforce that better reflects the population served by healthcare professionals. To address the low numbers of women and underrepresented minorities in procedural based specialties, Nth Dimensions has sought to address and eliminate healthcare disparities through strategic pipeline initiatives. This is a retrospective observational cohort study of 118 medical students from 29 accredited US medical schools, who were awarded a position in the Nth Dimensions Summer Internship program between 2005 and 2012...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298559/the-risk-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-a-general-population-based-study
#12
J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta, Michael Jansz, Eric C Sayre, Hyon K Choi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the future risk and time trends of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in individuals with newly diagnosed primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) in the general population. METHODS: Using a population database that includes all residents of British Columbia, Canada, we created a study cohort of all patients with incident SS and up to 10 controls from the general population matched for age, sex, and entry time. We compared incidence rates (IR) of pulmonary embolism (PE), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and VTE between the 2 groups according to SS disease duration...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296799/empirical-validation-of-the-unaids-spectrum-model-for-subnational-hiv-estimates-case-study-of-children-and-adults-in-manicaland-zimbabwe
#13
Romain Silhol, Simon Gregson, Constance Nyamukapa, Mutsa Mhangara, Janet Dzangare, Elizabeth Gonese, Jeffrey W Eaton, Kelsey K Case, Mary Mahy, John Stover, Owen Mugurungi
BACKGROUND: More cost-effective HIV control may be achieved by targeting geographical areas with high infection rates. The AIDS Impact model of Spectrum - used routinely to produce national HIV estimates - could provide the required subnational estimates but is rarely validated with empirical data, even at a national level. DESIGN: The validity of the Spectrum model estimates were compared with empirical estimates. METHODS: Antenatal surveillance and population survey data from a population HIV cohort study in Manicaland, East Zimbabwe, were input into Spectrum 5...
April 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295831/factors-influencing-resident-choice-of-prosthodontic-residency-program
#14
Pandora Keala Lee Wojnarwsky, Yan Wang, Kumar Shah, Sreenivas Koka
PURPOSE: The decision by prosthodontic residency program directors to employ the Match process highlights the need to understand applicant priorities that influence their choice of which programs to rank highly. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors that were most important to residents when choosing from among nonmilitary based prosthodontics dental residency programs in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following completion of a pilot study, all currently enrolled prosthodontic residents at nonmilitary residency programs were invited to participate via the internet...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291057/mild-cognitive-impairment-and-exposure-to-general-anesthesia-for-surgeries-and-procedures-a-population-based-case-control-study
#15
Juraj Sprung, Rosebud O Roberts, David S Knopman, Lauren L Price, Hunter P Schulz, Christie L Tatsuyama, Toby N Weingarten, Darrell R Schroeder, Andrew C Hanson, Ronald C Petersen, David O Warner
BACKGROUND: To examine whether exposure to general anesthesia for procedures at age ≥40 years is associated with prevalent mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in the elderly. METHODS: A case-control study nested within a population-based cohort. Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents, aged 70-91 years, underwent baseline evaluations that included the Clinical Dementia Rating scale, a neurologic evaluation, and neuropsychologic testing. Individuals identified with MCI (cases) at enrollment were matched 1:2 on age, sex, education, and apolipoprotein genotype with participants who were cognitively normal at the time of the index visit...
April 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290450/when-input-does-not-match-output-lung-resident-memory-t-cells-decay
#16
Linda M Wakim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289113/the-effects-of-training-institution-practice-costs-quality-and-other-characteristics-on-future-practice
#17
Robert L Phillips, Stephen M Petterson, Andrew W Bazemore, Peter Wingrove, James C Puffer
PURPOSE: Medicare beneficiary spending patterns reflect those of the 306 Hospital Referral Regions where physicians train, but whether this holds true for smaller areas or for quality is uncertain. This study assesses whether cost and quality imprinting can be detected within the 3,436 Hospital Service Areas (HSAs), 82.4 percent of which have only 1 teaching hospital, and whether sponsoring institution characteristics are associated. METHODS: We conducted a secondary, multi-level, multivariable analysis of 2011 Medicare claims and American Medical Association Masterfile data for a random, nationally representative sample of family physicians and general internists who completed residency between 1992 and 2010 and had more than 40 Medicare patients (3,075 physicians providing care to 503,109 beneficiaries)...
March 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274756/common-genetic-variation-and-risk-of-gallbladder-cancer-in-india-a-case-control-genome-wide-association-study
#18
Sharayu Mhatre, Zhaoming Wang, Rajini Nagrani, Rajendra Badwe, Shubhada Chiplunkar, Balraj Mittal, Saurabh Yadav, Haoyu Zhang, Charles C Chung, Prachi Patil, Stephen Chanock, Rajesh Dikshit, Nilanjan Chatterjee, Preetha Rajaraman
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer is highly lethal, with notable differences in incidence by geography and ethnic background. The aim of this study was to identify common genetic susceptibility alleles for gallbladder cancer. METHODS: In this case-control genome-wide association study (GWAS), we did a genome-wide scan of gallbladder cancer cases and hospital visitor controls, both of Indian descent, followed by imputation across the genome. Cases were patients aged 20-80 years with microscopically confirmed primary gallbladder cancer diagnosed or treated at Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India, and enrolled in the study between Sept 12, 2010, and June 8, 2015...
March 3, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271580/non-modifiable-determinants-of-pharmacy-residency-match-rates
#19
Joshua Caballero, Sandra Benavides, Kevin A Clauson, Patrick C Hardigan, Brandon K Martinez, Valerie Llerena
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine non-modifiable pharmacy program characteristics on residency match rates. METHODS: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists match and non-match lists were de-identified and evaluated for students graduating in 2015. Variables analysed included length of program, type of institution and didactic grading scheme. KEY FINDINGS: Students from 4-year programs, attending a public institution, or using a grade point average had greater odds of matching...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270103/angiotensin-ii-receptor-blockers-and-risk-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-sweden
#20
Tomas S Bexelius, Rickard Ljung, Fredrik Mattsson, Yunxia Lu, Mats Lindblad
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is a potentially lethal disease, with a rising incidence in the Western world. Yet, no pharmacological prevention or specific treatment for acute pancreatitis exists. Also, the connection with severity of acute pancreatitis is unknown. Experimental and epidemiological research suggests a protective effect of angiotensin II receptor blockers. METHODS: During 2006 to 2008, we performed a nationwide case-control study on Swedish residents aged 40-84 years...
March 7, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
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