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Residency match

Milan S Geybels, Karen D McCloskey, Ian G Mills, Janet L Stanford
BACKGROUND: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) may affect prostate cancer (PCa) growth by various mechanisms including those related to androgens. The fusion of the androgen-regulated gene TMPRSS2 and the oncogene ERG (TMPRSS2:ERG or T2E) is common in PCa, and prostate tumors that harbor the gene fusion are believed to represent a distinct disease subtype. We studied the association of CCB use with the risk of PCa, and molecular subtypes of PCa defined by T2E status. METHODS: Participants were residents of King County, Washington, recruited for population-based case-control studies (1993-1996 or 2002-2005)...
October 18, 2016: Prostate
Rijul S Kshirsagar, Zachariah Chandy, Hossein Mahboubi, Sunil P Verma
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the impact of resident involvement during thyroid surgery on 30-day postoperative complications. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: All patients who underwent thyroid surgery in 2011 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Patient demographics, perioperative details, resident involvement in surgery, and 30-day postoperative complications were extracted...
October 18, 2016: Laryngoscope
Jamie S Pak, Matthew J Pagano, Kimberly L Cooper, James M McKiernan, Gina M Badalato
OBJECTIVES: To report the prevalence of research misrepresentation among urology residency applicants and assess its effect on match success. METHODS: All applications to the Columbia University urology residency program for the 2014- 2015 match cycle were reviewed. "In-press," "accepted," and "submitted" manuscripts were verified using PubMed, Google Scholar, and journal websites. Misrepresentation for "in-press" and "accepted" manuscripts was defined as: 1) nonexistent manuscript, 2) non-authorship of existent manuscript, 3) self-promotion to a higher author rank, and/or 4) existent manuscript in a non-peer-reviewed publication...
October 14, 2016: Urology
Steven A Sumner, Matthew J Maenner, Christina M Socias, James A Mercy, Paul Silverman, Sandra P Medinilla, Steven S Martin, Likang Xu, Susan D Hillis
INTRODUCTION: Accurately identifying youth at highest risk of firearm violence involvement could permit delivery of focused, comprehensive prevention services. This study explored whether readily available city and state administrative data covering life events before youth firearm violence could elucidate patterns preceding such violence. METHODS: Four hundred twenty-one individuals arrested for homicide, attempted homicide, aggravated assault, or robbery with a firearm committed in Wilmington, Delaware, from January 1, 2009 to May 21, 2014, were matched 1:3 to 1,259 Wilmington resident controls on birth year and sex...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Houlin Tang, Zunyou Wu, Yurong Mao, Javier Cepeda, Jamie Morano
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) and condom use have been proven to reduce the risk of sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among HIV sero-different couples, but its full implementation remains a challenge. This study aims to assess HIV seroconversion rate of HIV-negative spouse and its associated risk factors among HIV sero-different couples in rural China. METHODS: An open cohort of HIV sero-different couples enrolled in 30 counties in China between October 1, 2010, and September 30, 2012, and followed-up to December 31, 2012, was constructed retrospectively...
2016: PloS One
Gianfranco Frojo, Kashyap Komarraju Tadisina, Zachary Pressman, John T Chibnall, Alexander Y Lin, Bruce A Kraemer
BACKGROUND: The integrated plastic surgery match is a competitive process not only for applicants but also for programs vying for highly qualified candidates. Interactions between applicants and program constituents are limited to a single interview visit. The authors aimed to identify components of the interview visit that influence applicant decision making when determining a final program rank list. METHODS: Thirty-six applicants who were interviewed (100% response) completed the survey...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Daniel A London, Ryan P Calfee, Martin I Boyer
Orthopedic surgery lacks racial and sexual diversity, which we hypothesized stems from absence of exposure to orthopedics during medical school. We conducted a study to determine whether diversity of matched orthopedic surgery residency applicants increased after introduction of a required third-year rotation. We compared 2 groups: precurriculum and postcurriculum. The postcurriculum group was exposed to a required 1-month musculoskeletal rotation during the third year of medical school. Comparisons were made of percentage of total students exposed to orthopedics, percentage who applied to and matched to orthopedic surgery, and proportion of women and underrepresented minorities...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Wafa Khaali, Khalid Moumad, El Khalil Ben Driss, Abdellatif Benider, Wided Ben Ayoub, Mokhtar Hamdi-Cherif, Kada Boualga, Elham Hassen, Marilys Corbex, Meriem Khyatti
BACKGROUND: Genetic susceptibility plays a key role in the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and in fact the disease presents with an unusually high incidence in certain regions of the world like North Africa. We investigated the association between polymorphism of the Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and risk of NPC in North Africa. TGF-β1 is a multifunctional cytokine that acts as both a tumor suppressor and a stimulator of cancer development; it has been shown to influence risk of numerous other carcinomas including lung, breast and prostate cancer...
October 12, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
Mariusz Dąbrowski, Elektra Szymańska-Garbacz, Zofia Miszczyszyn, Tadeusz Dereziński, Leszek Czupryniak
BACKGROUND: The risk of several types of cancer is increased in type 2 diabetes mellitus. The earliest possible diagnosis of cancer - difficult within regular outpatient diabetes care - is of utmost importance for patients' survival. The aim of this multicenter, retrospective (years 1998-2015), case-control study was to identify risk factors associated with malignancy in subjects with diabetes treated in a typical outpatient setting. METHODS: In the databases of 3 diabetic and 1 primary care clinics 203 patients (115 women) with type 2 diabetes mellitus who developed malignancy while treated for diabetes were identified...
October 10, 2016: BMC Cancer
Wendy A Davis, Renate R Zilkens, Sergio E Starkstein, Timothy M E Davis, David G Bruce
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The study aimed to assess the incidence, age of onset, survival and relative hazard of dementia in well-categorised community-based patients with type 2 diabetes compared with a matched cohort of individuals without diabetes. METHODS: A longitudinal observational study was undertaken involving 1291 participants with type 2 diabetes from the Fremantle Diabetes Study and 5159 matched residents without documented diabetes. Linkage with health-related databases was used to detect incident dementia...
October 7, 2016: Diabetologia
Asra Hashmi, Rohan Policherla, Hector Campbell, Faraz A Khan, Adam Schumaier, Faisal Al-Mufarrej
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comprehensiveness of plastic surgery program websites. DESIGN: American Medical Association interactive database was accessed for the list of integrated plastic surgery programs, in June 2015. Since then, 67 plastic surgery program websites were accessed and searched for the presence or absence of 31 criteria, which were further grouped into 5 categories: First, program contact information; second, training and research; third, program setup; fourth, benefits and facilities; and fifth, information for applicants...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Marcus Lindenberger
BACKGROUND: Young patients with diabetes present with reduced compensatory responses to hypovolemic stress. Less compliant veins could be a contributing factor, since roughly two-thirds of the blood volume resides in the venous system as a blood reservoir, adjusting proper venous inflow to the heart. The aim of this study was to measure venous compliance and lower limb blood pooling during hypovolemic stress, and to correlate them to indices of diabetes severity and glucose control. METHODS: Fifteen young women with type 1 diabetes (DW) and 18 healthy age-matched women (C) were subjected to lower body negative pressure (LBNP) (11-44 mmHg), creating hypovolemic stress...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Jaysson T Brooks, Jay S Reidler, Amit Jain, Dawn M LaPorte, Robert S Sterling
BACKGROUND: Post-interview communication from residency programs to applicants is common during the U.S. residency match process. The goals of this study were to understand the frequency and type of post-interview communication, how this communication influences applicants' ranking of programs, whether programs use "second-look" visits to gauge or to encourage applicant interest, and the financial costs to applicants of second-look visits. METHODS: A post-match survey was sent to 1,198 applicants to one academic orthopaedic residency program over 2 years...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
David McBride, Kirsten Lovelock, Daniel Shepherd, Kim Dirks, David Welch, Andrew Gray
OBJECTIVE: The New Zealand Ministry of Health responded to community concern about dioxin exposure during on-site remediation of a pesticide-contaminated rural area by commissioning this exposed-referent study of serum dioxins and health in local residents. METHODS: All 200 residents were eligible, with age and sex matching to demographically comparable referents. Face-to-face interviews included questions on health status, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and perceptions about community consultation...
October 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Stefanie Evers, Andrew J Bryan, Thomas L Sanders, Ruud W Selles, Russell Gelfman, Peter C Amadio
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided injections to blind injections in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in a large community-based cohort. METHODS: This study evaluated residents of Olmsted County, MN, USA, treated with a corticosteroid injection for CTS between 2001 and 2010. The proportion of patients receiving retreatment and the duration of retreatment-free survival between blind and ultrasound-guided injections were compared...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Mehwesh Taj, Tayyaba Shah, Syeda Kanwal Aslam, Sidra Zaheer, Faryal Nawab, Sumaira Shaheen, Kashif Shafique, Tahir Sultan Shamsi
AIM: Aplastic anemia (AA) affects the Asian population two to three fold more than people in other regions. Besides the host genetics and socioeconomic status, several other environmental exposures have been linked with an AA etiology. We aimed to examine the association of various environmental exposures with AA occurrence among Pakistani individuals. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Karachi, Pakistan, where cases (diagnosed AA patients) were selected from the National Institute of Blood Disease and Bone Marrow Transplantation (NIBD), while for each case, a single control (who was free of AA and visited the outpatient department of the same hospital for the treatment of minor ailments) was selected matched by age and sex...
2016: Zeitschrift Für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Journal of Public Health
James L Sheets, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Cortino Sukotjo, Alvin G Wee
The aim of this study was to determine the difference between the intended education by advanced education in prosthodontics (AEP) program directors and the perceived education received by AEP residents with respect to concepts of esthetic dentistry. Residents' confidence levels and current practices were also determined based on program level, with first- and second-year residents combined into "junior residents" and third- and fourth-year residents combined into "senior residents." Surveys were distributed to all U...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Carlotta Malagoli, Sofia Costanzini, Julia E Heck, Marcella Malavolti, Gianfranco De Girolamo, Paola Oleari, Giovanni Palazzi, Sergio Teggi, Marco Vinceti
BACKGROUND: Exposure to pesticides has been suggested as a risk factor for childhood leukemia, but definitive evidence on this relation and the specific pesticides involved is still not clear. OBJECTIVE: We carried out a population-based case-control study in a Northern Italy community to assess the possible relation between passive exposure to agricultural pesticides and risk of acute childhood leukemia. METHODS: We assessed passive pesticide exposure of 111 childhood leukemia cases and 444 matched controls by determining density and type of agricultural land use within a 100-m radius buffer around children's homes...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Alissa A Scalise, Gabrielle S Ležaja, Eric C Nemec, Joshua J Spooner, Daniel R Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: To determine the attributes of postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) community pharmacy residency applicants and candidates that are most appealing to community residency program directors (CRPDs). DESIGN: A 22-question online survey, designed to collect residency demographics, desirable characteristics for consideration for interview invitation (applicants), and characteristics that should be displayed during an interview (candidates). SETTING: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP)-recognized community pharmacy residency programs (CPRPs)...
September 28, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Michael Van Meter, Michael Williams, Rosa Banuelos, Peter Carlson, Jeffrey I Schneider, Bradley D Shy, Christine Babcock, Matthew Spencer, Yashwant Chathampally
BACKGROUND: Emergency medicine (EM) residency programs use nonstandardized criteria to create applicant rank lists. One implicit assumption is that predictive associations exist between an applicant's rank and their future performance as a resident. To date, these associations have not been sufficiently demonstrated. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that a strong positive correlation exists between the National Resident Match Program (NRMP) match-list applicant rank, the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and In-Training Examination (ITE) scores, and the graduating resident rank...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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