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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919619/comparison-of-serum-bilirubin-with-transcutaneous-bilirubinometry-in-late-preterm-and-term-newborn
#1
N Nahar, M A Mannan, A C Dey, F Ahmed, K A Khan, I Jahan, S K Dey, M Shahidullah
Neonatal jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia is a common occurrence in newborns. It can progress to develop kernicterus unless intervention is initiated. Severity and decision for management are usually based on serum bilirubin which needs blood sampling. Transcutaneous bilirubin measurement is a noninvasive technique and correlates closely with serum bilirubin. This Cross sectional study was done in the Department of Neonatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University from March 2013 to August 2014 to evaluate the transcutaneous bilirubin in comparison to serum bilirubin...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919296/ocular-findings-on-follow-up-in-children-who-received-phototherapy-for-neonatal-jaundice
#2
Semra Kara, Züleyha Yalniz-Akkaya, Ayça Yeniaras, Firdevs Örnek, Yıldız Dallar Bilge
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the ocular findings in children between 3 and 5 years of age who had received phototherapy in the neonatal period and to investigate whether they had phototherapy-related permanent ocular damage clinically. METHODS: The phototherapy group (n = 57) consisted of children who had undergone phototherapy for at least 24 h, and the control group (n = 43) comprised children who had not received phototherapy. Ophthalmic examinations consisted of assessment of visual acuity, convergence near point, ocular movements, ocular alignment, dynamic retinoscopy, cycloplegic refraction and biomicroscopic examination of anterior segment and posterior segment (using a 90 D lens in the latest)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919246/filtered-sunlight-solar-powered-phototherapy-and-other-strategies-for-managing-neonatal-jaundice-in-low-resource-settings
#3
Tina M Slusher, Louise Tina Day, Tolulope Ogundele, Nick Woolfield, Joseph Aderinsola Owa
Challenges in treating severe neonatal jaundice in low and middle-income country settings still exist at many levels. These include: a lack of awareness of causes and prevention by families, communities and even sometimes health care professionals; insufficient, ineffective, high quality affordable diagnostic and therapeutic options; limited availability of rehabilitation provision for kernicterus. Collectively these challenges lead to an unacceptably high global morbidity and mortality from severe neonatal jaundice...
September 15, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917473/recognizing-and-overcoming-phototherapy-induced-initiation-burn
#4
Caleb Jeon, Mio Nakamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917472/-two-step-phototherapy-for-treatment-resistant-psoriasis-on-the-lower-extremities
#5
Caleb Jeon, Mio Nakamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906087/phototherapy-for-vitiligo-what-s-new
#6
Andrea Paro Vidolin, Caterina Aurizi, Giovanni Leone
Vitiligo is a disorder characterized by the development of depigmented macules and patches. Existing treatments include topical and systemic immunosuppressants, topical vitamin D analogues in monotherapy or in association with phototherapy, phototherapy and surgical techniques, which together may serve to halt disease progression, stabilize depigmented lesions, and encourage repigmentation. Narrow-band UVB (NB-UVB 310-315 nm) radiation is now considered as the "gold standard" for the treatment of diffuse vitiligo...
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903160/safety-of-systemic-agents-for-the-treatment-of-pediatric-psoriasis
#7
Inge M G J Bronckers, Marieke M B Seyger, Dennis P West, Irene Lara-Corrales, Megha Tollefson, Wynnis L Tom, Marcia Hogeling, Leah Belazarian, Claus Zachariae, Emmanuel Mahé, Elaine Siegfried, Sandra Philipp, Zsuzsanna Szalai, Ruth Ann Vleugels, Kristen Holland, Ruth Murphy, Eulalia Baselga, Kelly Cordoro, Jo Lambert, Alex Alexopoulos, Ulrich Mrowietz, Wietske Kievit, Amy S Paller
Importance: Use of systemic therapies for moderate to severe psoriasis in children is increasing, but comparative data on their use and toxicities are limited. Objective: To assess patterns of use and relative risks of systemic agents for moderate to severe psoriasis in children. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective review was conducted at 20 centers in North America and Europe, and included all consecutive children with moderate to severe psoriasis who used systemic medications or phototherapy for at least 3 months from December 1, 1990, to September 16, 2014...
September 13, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898541/biologics-combined-with-conventional-systemic-agents-or-phototherapy-for-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-real-life-data-from-psonet-registries
#8
C I Busard, A D Cohen, P Wolf, S Gkalpakiotis, S Cazzaniga, R S Stern, B A Hutten, I Feldhamer, F Quehenberger, R Lichem, M Kojanova, E Adenubiova, A Addis, L Naldi, P I Spuls
BACKGROUND: Biologics have greatly improved psoriasis management. However, primary and secondary non-response to treatment requires innovative strategies to optimize outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of combined treatment of biologics with conventional systemic agents or phototherapy in daily clinical practice. METHODS: We collected data on frequency of use, demographics, treatment characteristics and drug survival of biologics combined with conventional systemic agents or phototherapy in five PSONET registries...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895958/atopic-dermatitis-phototherapy-and-systemic-therapy
#9
Dawn Marie Davis, Jenna Borok, Jeremy Udkoff, Peter Lio, Jonathan Spergel
The majority of atopic dermatitis (AD) patients respond satisfactorily to gentle bathing, frequent moisturizing, and topical medications. Second-line therapies for AD should be used in recalcitrant cases or in patients with uncontrolled disease despite compliance with first-line measures and avoidance of allergens. Recommended advanced therapies include phototherapy, especially narrowband ultraviolet B, systemic immunosuppressants, and a new biologic agent. Few studies have compared head-to-head efficacy of the different immunosuppressant therapies such as cyclosporine, methotrexate, azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil...
September 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895715/a-pompon-like-runps-based-theranostic-nanocarrier-system-with-stable-photoacoustic-imaging-characteristic-for-accurate-tumor-detection-and-efficient-phototherapy-guidance
#10
Gengjia Chen, Meng Xu, Shuang Zhao, Jing Sun, Qianqian Yu, Jie Liu
Even though numerous therapeutic methods exist for cancer treatment, many fail to achieve ideal outcomes or have severe side effects. Here, we describe a theranostic nanocarrier system with improved tumor vasculature detection and tumor margin quantification that increases the accuracy and guidance efficiency of phototherapy. Novel pompon-like RuNPs with superb photothermal properties and high encapsulation efficiency were first synthesized via the polyol reducing method. Based on these RuNPs, we then developed a multifunctional theranostic system, pRu-pNIPAM@RBT, composed of poly(Nisopropylacrylamide) as the thermal-response switch and of [Ru(bpy)2(tip)]2+ as the photosensitizer of PDT and the contrast agent of biomedical imaging...
September 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895668/concepts-and-controversies-in-the-treatment-of-cutaneous-lichen-planus-a-review
#11
Charles Puza, Adela R Cardones
Cutaneous lichen planus (CLP) is a chronic autoimmune disease classically associated with severely pruritic, polygonal, violaceous, flat-topped papules and plaques. Subtypes such as hypertrophic and bullous lichen planus and lichen planus pigmentosus have been described. Treatment can be challenging, and prospective controlled studies are lacking. Corticosteroids remain the major options for topical and systemic treatment, although some non-steroidal options exist. Phototherapy, especially with narrow band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB), is effective, but caution must be taken because of the risk of keobnerization...
September 12, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891476/effect-of-conventional-and-led-phototherapy-on-the-antioxidant-oxidant-status-in-preterm-neonates-with-jaundice
#12
Anusha Allam, S R Ravikiran, B Shantaram Baliga, Kamalakshi Bhat, Nitin Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To compare oxidative stress due to conventional and LED phototherapy among jaundiced preterm neonates. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted in NICU on 82 neonates (equal numbers received conventional and LED phototherapy). Total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS) and Oxidative stress index (OSI) were assessed. RESULTS: Post-phototherapy, mean (SD) OSI increased significantly compared to baseline in both conventional [0...
August 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891475/comparison-of-transcutaneous-bilirubin-measurement-with-total-serum-bilirubin-levels-in-preterm-neonates-receiving-phototherapy
#13
Amruta Pendse, Bonny Jasani, Ruchi Nanavati, Nandkishor Kabra
OBJECTIVE: To compare transcutaneous bilirubin with total serum bilirubin in preterm neonates after initiation of phototherapy. METHODS: Jaundice was assessed in 30 preterm neonates with transcutaneous bilirubin and total serum bilirubin before initiation of phototherapy and at 12 hr after initiation of phototherapy. A photo-occlusive patch was applied over the sternum. RESULTS: Transcutaneous bilirubin has a good correlation with total serum bilirubin after initiation of phototherapy...
August 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890109/nir-light-induced-tumor-phototherapy-using-photo-stable-icg-delivery-system-based-on-inorganic-hybrid
#14
Huijuan Zhang, Xiaoge Zhang, Xing Zhu, Jianjiao Chen, Qianqian Chen, Hongling Zhang, Lin Hou, Zhenzhong Zhang
NIR responsive inorganic hybrid (Ti@GO) was synthesized. It could absorb NIR light and convert it into local hyperthermia and ROS synchronously. Ti@GO was firstly developed as photosensitizer and photothermal agent to realize tumor PTT and PDT. For anti-tumor application, HA was grafted on Ti@GO simultaneously as water solubility improver and tumor targeting moiety. ICG was chose as model drug. Results demonstrated HA-Ti@GO could remarkably improve ICG stability and drug accumulation in 4 T1 cells, to enhance tumor phototherapy efficiency and reduce light-associated side effects...
September 7, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888016/albumin-based-versatile-multifunctional-nanocarriers-for-cancer-therapy-fabrication-surface-modification-multimodal-therapeutics-and-imaging-approaches
#15
REVIEW
Ritu R Kudarha, Krutika K Sawant
Albumin is a versatile protein used as a carrier system for cancer therapeutics. As a carrier it can provide tumor specificity, reduce drug related toxicity, maintain therapeutic concentration of the active moiety like drug, gene, peptide, protein etc. for long period of time and also reduce drug related toxicities. Apart from cancer therapy, it is also utilized in the imaging and multimodal therapy of cancer. This review highlights the important properties, structure and types of albumin based nanocarriers with regards to their use for cancer targeting...
December 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887971/808nm-light-triggered-black-tio2-nanoparticles-for-killing-of-bladder-cancer-cells
#16
Wenjun Ni, Meng Li, Jiayi Cui, Zipeng Xing, Zhenzi Li, Xiaoyan Wu, Erlin Song, Mancheng Gong, Wei Zhou
The black TiO2 nanoparticles are synthesized via a facile calcination method combined with an in-situ controllable solid-state reaction approach. The results indicate that the photocatalyst with a narrow band gap of ~2.32 eV extends the photoresponse to visible light and near infrared region. And thus more reactive oxygen species can be obtained to induce the cell-killing under 808 nm light triggering. The as-obtained black TiO2 nanoparticles exhibiting low toxicity, good biocompatibility and high anticancer effect in vitro, is demonstrated as efficient photosensitizers for phototherapy to kill the bladder cancer cells...
December 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887345/design-and-implementation-of-population-based-specialty-care-programs
#17
Sheila R Botts, Michael T Gee, Christopher C Chang, Iris Young, Logan Saito, Alfred E Lyman
PURPOSE: The development, implementation, and scaling of 3 population-based specialty care programs in a large integrated healthcare system are reviewed, and the role of clinical pharmacy services in ensuring safe, effective, and affordable care is highlighted. SUMMARY: The Kaiser Permanente (KP) integrated healthcare delivery model allows for rapid development and expansion of innovative population management programs involving pharmacy services. Clinical pharmacists have assumed integral roles in improving the safety and effectiveness of high-complexity, high-cost care for specialty populations...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887107/efficacy-of-systemic-treatments-of-psoriasis-on-pruritus-a-systemic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Chloé Théréné, Emilie Brenaut, Thomas Barnetche, Laurent Misery
In the course of the last 30 years, several studies have clearly documented that pruritus is a very frequent symptom of psoriasis and its impact on the patients' quality of life. The variety of available systemic treatments for psoriasis is increasing rapidly. Our objective was to assess their efficacy on pruritus based on a systematic literature review. A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed and Trip Database (from January 1990 to September 2016) to find published clinical trials for the treatments of psoriasis, then a meta-analysis was performed...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883725/gold-nanoparticles-enlighten-the-future-of-cancer-theranostics
#19
REVIEW
Jianfeng Guo, Kamil Rahme, Yan He, Lin-Lin Li, Justin D Holmes, Caitriona M O'Driscoll
Development of multifunctional nanomaterials, one of the most interesting and advanced research areas in the field of nanotechnology, is anticipated to revolutionize cancer diagnosis and treatment. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are now being widely utilized in bio-imaging and phototherapy due to their tunable and highly sensitive optical and electronic properties (the surface plasmon resonance). As a new concept, termed "theranostics," multifunctional AuNPs may contain diagnostic and therapeutic functions that can be integrated into one system, thereby simultaneously facilitating diagnosis and therapy and monitoring therapeutic responses...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882814/opsin-3-and-4-mediate-light-induced-pulmonary-vasorelaxation-that-is-potentiated-by-g-protein-receptor-kinase-2-inhibition
#20
Sebastian Barreto Ortiz, Daijiro Hori, Yohei Nomura, Xin Yun, Haiyang Jiang, Hwanmee Yong, James Chen, Sam Paek, Deepesh Pandey, Gautam Sikka, Anil Bhatta, Andrew Gillard, Jochen Steppan, Jae Hyung Kim, Hideo Adachi, Viachaslau Barodka, Lewis Romer, Steven S An, Larissa A Shimoda, Lakshmi Santhanam, Dan E Berkowitz
We recently demonstrated that blue light induces vasorelaxation in the systemic mouse circulation, a phenomenon mediated by the non-visual G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) melanopsin (opsin 4; Opn4). Here we tested the hypothesis that non-visual opsins mediate photorelaxation in the pulmonary circulation. We discovered Opsin 3 (Opn3), Opn4, and G-protein coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) in rat pulmonary arteries (PAs) and in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), where the opsins interact directly with GRK2 as demonstrated with a proximity ligation assay...
September 7, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
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