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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110519/examining-the-nutritional-quality-of-food-and-beverage-consumed-at-melbourne-aquatic-and-recreation-centres
#1
Tara Boelsen-Robinson, Alexandra Chung, Marianne Khalil, Evelyn Wong, Ariana Kurzeme, Anna Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Examine the nutritional quality of food and beverages consumed across a sample of community aquatic and recreation centres in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Interviewer-administered surveys of randomly selected patrons attending four aquatic and recreation centres were conducted to ascertain food and beverage items consumed over two data collection periods (May-June 2014, January-February 2015). We selected centres in and around metropolitan Melbourne with a sit-down cafeteria and children's swimming classes...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110500/-maximising-shareholder-value-a-detailed-insight-into-the-corporate-political-activity-of-the-australian-food-industry
#2
Melissa Mialon, Boyd Swinburn, Steven Allender, Gary Sacks
OBJECTIVE: To gain deeper insight into the corporate political activity (CPA) of the Australian food industry from a public health perspective. METHODS: Fifteen interviews with a purposive sample of current and former policy makers, public health advocates and academics who have closely interacted with food industry representatives or observed food industry behaviours. RESULTS: All participants reported having directly experienced the CPA of the food industry during their careers, with the 'information and messaging' and 'constituency building' strategies most prominent...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110492/what-are-the-determinants-of-food-security-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#3
Stephanie L Godrich, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: To explore how determinants of food security affect children in regional and remote Western Australia (WA), across food availability, access and utilisation dimensions. METHODS: The Determinants of Food Security framework guided the thematic analysis (using NVivo 10) of semi-structured interviews with 20 key informants. RESULTS: Food availability factors included availability, price, promotion, quality, location of outlets and variety...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110328/impact-of-medical-tv-shows-on-preprocedural-fear-of-surgical-in-house-patients
#4
Kai Witzel, Horst J Koch, Cornelia Kaminski
: Background and Hypotheses: The growing number of medical television series and the increasing amount of time people spend watching TV will have an influence on what they expect from their treatment in a hospital. We suspect that reality as presented in the media and the actual reality of hospitals are not always conceived of as two different worlds. Many medical TV shows present dramatic, life-threatening operations much more often than they occur in reality. Patients who frequently watch such shows might be induced to believe that even routine operations are often dangerous, which could result in higher levels of fear before such an operation...
January 21, 2017: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110284/injuries-caused-by-pets-in-asian-urban-households-a-cross-sectional-telephone-survey
#5
Emily Y Y Chan, Yang Gao, Liping Li, Po Yi Lee
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about pet-related injuries in Asian populations. This study primarily aimed to investigate the incidence rate of pet-related household injuries in Hong Kong, an urban Chinese setting. SETTING: Cantonese-speaking non-institutionalised population of all ages in Hong Kong accessible by telephone land-line. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 43 542 telephone numbers were dialled and 6570 residents successfully completed the interviews...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110255/the-impact-of-using-standardized-patients-in-psychiatric-cases-on-the-levels-of-motivation-and-perceived-learning-of-the-nursing-students
#6
Gamze Sarikoc, Celale Tangul Ozcan, Melih Elcin
BACKGROUND: The use of standardized patients is not very common in psychiatric nursing education and there has been no study conducted in Turkey. AIM: This study evaluated the impact of using standardized patients in psychiatric cases on the levels of motivation and perceived learning of the nursing students. DESIGN: This manuscript addressed the quantitative aspect of a doctoral thesis study in which both quantitative and qualitative methods were used...
January 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110162/pregnancy-with-gestational-hypertension-or-preeclampsia-a-qualitative-exploration-of-women-s-experiences
#7
Lynne M Roberts, Gregory K Davis, Caroline S E Homer
BACKGROUND: Hypertension complicates 10% of pregnancies and involves specialised care of the woman and her baby, a longer stay in hospital, and an increased risk of physical and mental morbidity. There is limited research reporting the woman's perspective on her experience, how she coped with it psychologically, and whether the care she received influenced her experience. AIM: To gain insight into women's experience of hypertension in pregnancy and to report on what mediating factors may help improve their experience...
January 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110112/verbal-memory-functioning-moderates-psychotherapy-treatment-response-for-ptsd-related-nightmares
#8
J Cobb Scott, Gerlinde Harb, Janeese A Brownlow, Jennifer Greene, Ruben C Gur, Richard J Ross
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with cognitive deficits in attention, executive control, and memory, although few studies have investigated the relevance of cognitive difficulties for treatment outcomes. We examined whether cognitive functioning and history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) were associated with response to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for PTSD-related sleep problems. In a randomized controlled trial of Imagery Rehearsal (IR) added to components of CBT for Insomnia (IR + cCBT-I) compared to cCBT-I alone for PTSD-related recurrent nightmares, 94 U...
January 13, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109993/epilepsy-associated-levels-of-perceived-stigma-their-associations-with-treatment-and-related-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-urban-and%C3%A2-rural-areas-in-ecuador
#9
Jaime Luna, Mandy Nizard, Danielle Becker, Daniel Gerard, Alejandro Cruz, Voa Ratsimbazafy, Michel Dumas, Marcelo Cruz, Pierre-Marie Preux
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is felt to be a stigmatizing condition. Stigma has been considered one of the major factors contributing to the burden of epilepsy and to the treatment gap. Stigma has a negative effect on the management of people with epilepsy (PWE). Furthermore, lack of information and inappropriate beliefs are still the factors that most contribute to stigma and discrimination. In this study, we assessed the level of perceived stigma in urban and rural areas and we report their association with in antiepileptic drug (AED) use, effects on seeking medical care, and stigma-associated factors...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109915/ethnobotanical-survey-of-medicinal-plants-used-in-the-traditional-treatment-of-diabetes-in-chtouka-ait-baha-and-tiznit-western-anti-atlas-morocco
#10
M Barkaoui, A Katiri, H Boubaker, F Msanda
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Morocco, diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem with more than 1.5 million cases in 2014. Medicinal plants are widely used by the Moroccan population to treat the illness. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this work is to make an inventory of plant species used in folk medicine for the management of diabetes in Chtouka Ait Baha and Tiznit provinces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey was carried out by means of semi-structured questionnaires...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109763/healthier-children-s-meals-in-restaurants-an%C3%A2-exploratory-study-to-inform-approaches-that%C3%A2-are-acceptable-across-stakeholders
#11
Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Sara C Folta, Meaghan E Glenn, Anita Jones-Mueller, Vanessa M Lynskey, Anjali A Patel, Lisa L Tse, Nanette V Lopez
OBJECTIVE: Assess parents', children's, and restaurant executives' perspectives on children's meals in restaurants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Parents and children completed predominantly quantitative surveys at 4 quick- and full-service restaurant locations. Telephone interviews were conducted with executives representing additional restaurants. PARTICIPANTS: Parents (n = 59) and their first- through fourth-grade children (n = 58); executives (n = 4)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109647/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Matthew J Cordova, Michelle B Riba, David Spiegel
Being diagnosed with and treated for cancer is highly stressful and potentially traumatic. An extensive literature has evaluated the prevalence, predictors, and correlates of cancer-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and diagnoses. In this qualitative review of cancer-related PTSD literature, we highlight conceptual, methodological, and diagnostic issues, and identify clinical implications and areas for future research. Cancer-related PTSD has been documented in a minority of patients with cancer and their family members, is positively associated with other indices of distress and reduced quality of life, and has several correlates and risk factors (eg, prior trauma history, pre-existing psychiatric conditions, poor social support)...
January 18, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109451/revictimization-after-adolescent-dating-violence-in-a-matched-national-sample-of-youth
#13
Deinera Exner-Cortens, John Eckenrode, John Bunge, Emily Rothman
PURPOSE: To assess if adolescent dating violence was associated with physical intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood, using a comprehensive propensity score to create a matched group of victims and nonvictims. METHODS: Secondary analysis of waves 1 (1994-1995), 2 (1996), 3 (2001-2002) and 4 (2007-2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative sample of US high schools and middle schools. Individuals aged 12-18 reporting adolescent dating violence between the wave 1 and 2 interviews (n = 732) were matched to nonvictimized participants of the same sex (n = 1,429) using propensity score matching...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109337/paying-for-sex-by-young-men-who-live-on-the-streets-in-dhaka-city-compounded-sexual-risk-in-a-vulnerable-migrant-community
#14
Tracy L McClair, Tarik Hossain, Nargis Sultana, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Eileen A Yam, Sharif Hossain, Reena Yasmin, Najmus Sadiq, Michele R Decker, Saifuddin Ahmed
PURPOSE: Dhaka City is home to thousands of migrants from Bangladesh's rural areas who often live in the streets. Prior studies examine street youth's practice of selling sex as a survival mechanism. We assess their less-studied practice of paying for sex and its association with sexual risk behaviors and outcomes. METHODS: As part of the global Link Up project, trained interviewers recruited 447 young men who live on the streets, ages 15-24, from seven Dhaka City "hotspots" to participate in a survey about sexual health...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109311/patient-health-questionnaire-9-versus-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-screening-for-major-depressive-episodes-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#15
Iná S Santos, Beatriz Franck Tavares, Tiago N Munhoz, Patricia Manzolli, Gisele Bartz de Ávila, Eduardo Jannke, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Major depressive episodes (MDE) are frequent at the population level and are generally associated with severe symptoms that impair performance of activities of daily living of individuals suffering from this condition. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of two tests that separately showed suitable properties in screening for MDE: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). METHODS: In a previous study, the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9 and the EPDS in screening for MDE were compared with a structured diagnostic interview conducted by psychiatrics and psychologists using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview as the gold standard...
January 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109304/traditional-use-and-perception-of-snakes-by-the-nahuas-from-cuetzalan-del-progreso-puebla-mexico
#16
Romina García-López, Alejandro Villegas, Noé Pacheco-Coronel, Graciela Gómez-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Indigenous cultures are the result of their adaptation to the natural surroundings, in such a way that, amongst their main features is a set of knowledge, technologies and strategies for the appropriation of nature. In Cuetzalan del Progreso, Puebla, Mexico snakes represent 71.1% of the total local herpetofauna; and in addition to this, different groups of Nahuas have shown to have information of their use of various snake species in many ways. This study was conducted to investigate the traditional uses of snakes in this cultural group...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109300/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-in-tamarind-tamarindus-indica-l-use-and-conservation-in-eastern-uganda
#17
Esther Ebifa-Othieno, Antony Mugisha, Philip Nyeko, John David Kabasa
BACKGROUND: Tamarindus indica L is one of the indigenous fruit tree species that traditionally contributes to food security and ecosystem stability in sub-Saharan Africa. We hypothesized that the indigenous people of Eastern Uganda have used T. indica for generations and developed practices that promote its conservation and therefore we expected that they possess an elaborate indigenous knowledge (IK) system and that most of them have planted the species. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of IK, attitudes and practices on the use and conservation of T...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109287/how-useful-is-the-eq-5d-in-assessing-the-impact-of-caring-for-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Catherine Reed, Annabel Barrett, Jeremie Lebrec, Richard Dodel, Roy W Jones, Bruno Vellas, Anders Wimo, Josep Maria Argimon, Giuseppe Bruno, Josep Maria Haro
BACKGROUND: The impact on informal caregivers of caring for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia can be substantial, but it remains unclear which measures(s) best assess such impact. Our objective was to use data from the GERAS study to assess the ability of the EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) to measure the impact on caregivers of caring for people with AD dementia and to examine correlations between EQ-5D and caregiver burden. METHODS: GERAS was a prospective, non-interventional cohort study in community-dwelling patients with AD dementia and their informal caregivers...
January 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109282/does-a-biomedical-research-centre-affect-patient-care-in-local-hospitals
#19
Catherine A Lichten, Grace Marsden, Alexandra Pollitt, Vasiliki Kiparoglou, Keith M Channon, Jon Sussex
BACKGROUND: Biomedical research can have impacts on patient care at research-active hospitals. We qualitatively evaluated the impact of the Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (Oxford BRC), a university-hospital partnership, on the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare in local hospitals. Effectiveness and efficiency are conceptualised in terms of impacts perceived by clinicians on the quality, quantity and costs of patient care they deliver. METHODS: First, we reviewed documentation from Oxford BRC and literature on the impact of research activity on patient care...
January 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109279/a-comparative-analysis-of-centralized-waiting-lists-for-patients-without-a-primary-care-provider-implemented-in-six-canadian-provinces-study-protocol
#20
Mylaine Breton, Michael Green, Sara Kreindler, Jason Sutherland, Jalila Jbilou, Sabrina T Wong, Jay Shaw, Valorie A Crooks, Damien Contandriopoulos, Mélanie Ann Smithman, Astrid Brousselle
BACKGROUND: Having a regular primary care provider (i.e., family physician or nurse practitioner) is widely considered to be a prerequisite for obtaining healthcare that is timely, accessible, continuous, comprehensive, and well-coordinated with other parts of the healthcare system. Yet, 4.6 million Canadians, approximately 15% of Canada's population, are unattached; that is, they do not have a regular primary care provider. To address the critical need for attachment, especially for more vulnerable patients, six Canadian provinces have implemented centralized waiting lists for unattached patients...
January 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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