Read by QxMD icon Read

ards rat

Amanda N Fletcher, Agostino Molteni, Rakesh Ponnapureddy, Chirag Patel, Mark Pluym, Alan M Poisner
BACKGROUND: Fat embolism (FE) and the consequent fat embolism syndrome (FES) occurring after trauma or surgery can lead to serious pulmonary injury, including ARDS and death. Current treatment of FES is limited to supportive therapy. We have shown in a rat model that the renin angiotensin system (RAS) plays a significant role in the pathophysiology of FE since drugs interfering with the RAS, captopril and losartan, reduce the histopathologic pulmonary damage. The purpose of the current study was to determine if inhibition of renin by aliskiren, an FDA-approved drug for treating hypertension, would produce effective protection in the same model...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Long Pan, Dun-Chen Yao, Yu-Zhong Yu, Bing-Jun Chen, Sheng-Jie Li, Gui-He Hu, Chang Xi, Zi-Hui Wang, Jian-Hua Li, Jie Long, Yong-Sheng Tu
The present study was aimed to investigate the role of necroptosis in the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The rat model of ARDS was induced by intravenous injection of oleic acid (OA), and observed for 4 h. The lung injury was evaluated by arterial blood gas, lung wet-dry weight ratio (W/D) and histological analyses. Simultaneously, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for total and differential cell analysis and total protein determination. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) level in BALF was determined with a rat TNF-α ELISA kit...
October 25, 2016: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
Yujie Jiang, Yi Zeng, Xia Huang, Yueqiu Qin, Weigui Luo, Shulin Xiang, Suren R Sooranna, Liao Pinhu
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by inflammatory injury to the alveolar and capillary barriers that results in impaired gas exchange and severe acute respiratory failure. Nuclear orphan receptor Nur77 has emerged as a regulator of gene expression in inflammation and its role in the pathogenesis of ARDS is not clear. The objective of this study is to investigate the potential role of Nur77 and its underlying mechanism in the regulation of endothelin-1 (ET-1) expression in LPS-induced A549 cells and an ARDS rat model...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Rachele Pandolfi, Bianca Barreira, Enrique Moreno, Victor Lara-Acedo, Daniel Morales-Cano, Andrea Martínez-Ramas, Beatriz de Olaiz Navarro, Raquel Herrero, José Ángel Lorente, Ángel Cogolludo, Francisco Pérez-Vizcaíno, Laura Moreno
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is frequently observed in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and it is associated with an increased risk of mortality. Both acid sphingomyelinase (aSMase) activity and interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels are increased in patients with sepsis and correlate with worst outcomes, but their role in pulmonary vascular dysfunction pathogenesis has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the potential contribution of aSMase and IL-6 in the pulmonary vascular dysfunction induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
July 27, 2016: Thorax
Wei Gao, Ying-Nan Ju
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are particularly susceptible to ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). This study investigated the effect of budesonide on VILI in a rat model of inflammatory ARDS. METHODS: Forty eight rats were randomized into three groups (n = 16 each): sham group (S), endotoxin/ventilation group (LV), endotoxin/ventilation/budesonide group (LVB). Rats in the S group received anesthesia only. Rats in the LV and LVB groups received endotoxin to simulate ARDS and were mechanically ventilated for 4 h (tidal volume 30 mL/kg)...
May 2016: Archives of Medical Research
Long Pan, Dun-Chen Yao, Yu-Zhong Yu, Sheng-Jie Li, Bing-Jun Chen, Gui-He Hu, Chang Xi, Zi-Hui Wang, Hong-Yan Wang, Jian-Hua Li, Yong-Sheng Tu
Necroptosis is a recently discovered necrotic cell death which is regulated by receptor interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) and RIPK3 under the stimulus of death signal and can be inhibited by necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) specifically. Therefore, the aim was to investigate the role of necroptosis in a rat model of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) induced by oleic acid (OA) and assess the effect of Nec-1 on lung injury in ARDS. Our results found that RIPK1, RIPK3 and mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) were abundantly expressed in rat lung tissues of OA-induced ARDS...
September 30, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Laura R A Schouten, Hendrik J F Helmerhorst, Gerry T M Wagenaar, Tom Haltenhof, René Lutter, Joris J T H Roelofs, Job B M van Woensel, Anton H L C van Kaam, Albert P Bos, Marcus J Schultz, Thomas Walther, Roelie M Wösten-van Asperen
OBJECTIVES: A growing body of evidence suggests that age affects the main pathophysiologic mechanisms of the acute respiratory distress syndrome. This may imply the need for developing age-tailored therapies for acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, underlying molecular mechanisms governing age-related susceptibility first need to be unraveled. In a rat model of acute lung injury, we investigated whether age affects the balance between the two key enzymes of the pulmonary renin-angiotensin system, angiotensin-converting enzyme, and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2...
August 10, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Huan Ma, Daozheng Huang, Liheng Guo, Quanfu Chen, Wenzhao Zhong, Qingshan Geng, Minzhou Zhang
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a clinical imaging technique for diagnosing acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In humans and several large animals, LUS demonstrates similar specificity and sensitivity to computerized tomography (CT) scanning. Current study evaluated the degree of agreement between LUS and CT imaging in characterizing ALI/ARDS in rats. METHODS: Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were imaged by LUS before randomization into three groups to receive intratracheal saline, 3 or 6 mg/kg LPS respectively (n=10)...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
T N Hagawane, R V Gaikwad, N A Kshirsagar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Despite advances in therapy and overall medical care, acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) management remains a problem. Hence the objective of this study was to develop a rat model that mimics human ALI/ARDS. METHODS: Four groups of Wistar rats, 48 per group were treated with (i) intratracheal (IT) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (5 mg/kg) dissolved in normal saline (NS), (ii) intravenous (iv) oleic acid (OA) (250 μl/kg) suspension in bovine serum albumin (BSA), (iii) dual hit: IT LPS (2 mg/kg) dissolved in NS and iv OA (100 μl/kg) and (iv) control group: IT NS and iv BSA...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Ahmet Kozan, Nermin Kilic, Hasan Alacam, Ahmet Guzel, Tolga Guvenc, Mehmet Acikgoz
The therapeutic efficiency of an anti-inflammatory agent, dexamethasone (DXM), and a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), in lung tissue injury after lung contusion was investigated. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-10 (IL-10), YKL-40, an inflammatory peptide, inducible NOS (iNOS), and Clara cell protein 16 (CC-16) were evaluated. Immunohistochemical analyses were also performed, and the lung tissue was examined histopathologically. The study consisted of eight groups of Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 10 in each group), weighing 250-300 g: (1) control, (2) contusion, (3) control + DXM, (4) contusion + DXM, (5) control + L-NAME (6) contusion + L-NAME, (7) control + DXM + L-NAME, and (8) contusion + DXM + L-NAME...
October 2016: Inflammation
Jian-Bo Lai, Chun-Fang Qiu, Chuan-Xi Chen, Min-Ying Chen, Juan Chen, Xiang-Dong Guan, Bin Ouyang
BACKGROUND: An acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is still one of the major challenges in critically ill patients. This study aimed to investigate the effect of inhibiting c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) on ARDS in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ARDS rat model. METHODS: Thirty-six rats were randomized into three groups: control, LPS, and LPS + JNK inhibitor. Rats were sacrificed 8 h after LPS treatment. The lung edema was observed by measuring the wet-to-dry weight (W/D) ratio of the lung...
July 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Vaibhav Shrirang Dhawale, Venkateswara Rao Amara, Pinakin Arun Karpe, Vajir Malek, Deep Patel, Kulbhushan Tikoo
Angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) is positively correlated to asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and is highly expressed in lungs. ACE2, the counteracting enzyme of ACE, was proven to be protective in pulmonary, cardiovascular diseases. In the present study we checked the effect of ACE2 activation in animal model of asthma. Asthma was induced in male wistar rats by sensitization and challenge with ovalbumin and then treated with ACE2 activator, diminazene aceturate (DIZE) for 2weeks...
September 1, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Yi Yang, Shuling Hu, Xiuping Xu, Jinze Li, Airan Liu, Jibin Han, Songqiao Liu, Ling Liu, Haibo Qiu
Recently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been proved to be beneficial in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important angiogenesis factor that MSC release. However, the precise role of VEGF-expressing character of MSC in the MSC treatment for ARDS remains obscure. Here, we firstly knocked down the gene VEGF in MSC (MSC-ShVEGF) with lentiviral transduction. Then we injected the MSC-ShVEGF to rats with lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury (ALI) via the tail vein...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Yingchuan Li, Zhen Zeng, Yongmei Cao, Yujing Liu, Feng Ping, Mengfan Liang, Ying Xue, Caihua Xi, Ming Zhou, Wei Jiang
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by severe sepsis remains a major challenge in intensive care medicine. ACE2 has been shown to protect against lung injury. However, the mechanisms of its protective effects on ARDS are largely unknown. Here, we report that ACE2 prevents LPS-induced ARDS by inhibiting MAPKs and NF-κB signaling pathway. Lentiviral packaged Ace2 cDNA or Ace2 shRNA was intratracheally administrated into the lungs of male SD rats. Two weeks after gene transfer, animals received LPS (7...
2016: Scientific Reports
Shuling Hu, Jinze Li, Xiuping Xu, Airan Liu, Hongli He, Jingyuan Xu, Qihong Chen, Songqiao Liu, Ling Liu, Haibo Qiu, Yi Yang
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening condition in critically ill patients. Recently, we have found that mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) improved the permeability of human lung microvascular endothelial cells by secreting hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in vitro. However, the properties and functions of MSC may change under complex circumstances in vivo. Here, we sought to determine the role of the HGF-expressing character of MSC in the therapeutic effects of MSC on ARDS in vivo...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Yuan-Ji Day, Kuan-Hung Chen, Yi-Ling Chen, Tien-Hung Huang, Pei-Hsun Sung, Fan-Yen Lee, Chih-Hung Chen, Han-Tan Chai, Tsung-Cheng Yin, Hsin-Ju Chiang, Sheng-Ying Chung, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Hon-Kan Yip
BACKGROUND: This study tested the hypothesis that preactivated and disaggregated shape-changed platelet (PreD-SCP) therapy attenuates lung injury from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) induced by 100% oxygen inhalation and complicated by sepsis through peritoneal administration of 1.5 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 325-350 g, were randomized into group 1 [normal controls (NC)], group 2 [NC + PreD-SCP (3...
March 30, 2016: Shock
Yasuhisa Izushi, Kiyoshi Teshigawara, Keyue Liu, Dengli Wang, Hidenori Wake, Katsuyoshi Takata, Tadashi Yoshino, Hideo Kohka Takahashi, Shuji Mori, Masahiro Nishibori
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe respiratory failure caused by acute lung inflammation. Recently, the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) has attracted attention in the lung inflammatory response. However, the function of soluble form of RAGE (sRAGE), which is composed of an extracellular domain of RAGE, in ARDS remains elusive. Therefore, we investigated the dynamics of pulmonary sRAGE and the effects of exogenous recombinant human sRAGE (rsRAGE) under intratracheal lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung inflammation...
April 2016: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
F-B Liu, Q Lin, Z-W Liu
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether normal human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells and apoptotic human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells play any role in the lung repair following bleomycin-induced lung injury in rat models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were obtained from the umbilical cord following caesarian section from healthy normal babies. Plasmin deprivation method was used for culture of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells and flow cytometry was used to identify cell surface antigen and activity of stem cells and apoptosis...
March 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Cynthia S Samary, Lillian Moraes, Cintia L Santos, Robert Huhle, Raquel S Santos, Debora S Ornellas, Nathane S Felix, Vera L Capelozzi, Alberto Schanaider, Paolo Pelosi, Marcelo Gama de Abreu, Patricia R M Rocco, Pedro L Silva
OBJECTIVES: The biologic effects of variable ventilation may depend on the etiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome. We compared variable and conventional ventilation in experimental pulmonary and extrapulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled experimental study. SETTINGS: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four Wistar rats. INTERVENTIONS: Acute respiratory distress syndrome was induced by Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide administered intratracheally (pulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome, n = 12) or intraperitoneally (extrapulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome, n = 12)...
July 2016: Critical Care Medicine
S Liu, C Liu, Z Wang, J Huang, Q Zeng
Sepsis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the most common and serious complication of sepsis, which presents with rapid and progressive acute onset respiratory failure. The microRNA-23a-5p, as a kind of circulating microRNA (miRNA), is considered to be a candidate biomarker for cardiovascular diseases. However, correlation between ARDS and miR-23a-5p is also elusive. This study aims to investigate the role of miR-23a-5p as the biomarkers for ARDS...
2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"