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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672111/-the-impact-of-uncertain-threat-on-affective-bias-individual-differences-in-response-to-ambiguity-correction
#1
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The impact of uncertain threat on affective bias: Individual differences in response to ambiguity" by Maital Neta, Julie Cantelon, Zachary Haga, Caroline R. Mahoney, Holly A. Taylor and F. Caroline Davis ( Emotion , 2017[Dec], Vol 17[8], 1137-1143). In this article, the copyright attribution was incorrectly listed under the Creative Commons CC-BY license due to production-related error. The correct copyright should be "In the public domain." The online version of this article has been corrected...
April 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643048/exploring-the-role-of-in-person-components-for-online-health-behavior-change-interventions-can-a-digital-person-to-person-component-suffice
#2
Sara Santarossa, Deborah Kane, Charlene Y Senn, Sarah J Woodruff
The growth of the digital environment provides tremendous opportunities to revolutionize health behavior change efforts. This paper explores the use of Web-based, mobile, and social media health behavior change interventions and determines whether there is a need for a face-to-face or an in-person component. It is further argued that that although in-person components can be beneficial for online interventions, a digital person-to-person component can foster similar results while dealing with challenges faced by traditional intervention approaches...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624136/how-hospital-survey-teams-function
#3
Alan Boyd, Shilpa Ross, Ruth Robertson, Kieran Walshe, Rachael Smithson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand how inspection team members work together to conduct surveys of hospitals, the challenges teams may face and how these might be addressed. Design/methodology/approach Data were gathered through an evaluation of a new regulatory model for acute hospitals in England, implemented by the Care Quality Commission (CQC) during 2013-2014. The authors interviewed key stakeholders, observed inspections and surveyed and interviewed inspection team members and hospital staff...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621974/characteristics-of-a-newly-diagnosed-polish-cohort-of-patients-with-neurological-manifestations-of-wilson-disease-evaluated-with-the-unified-wilson-s-disease-rating-scale
#4
Anna Członkowska, Tomasz Litwin, Karolina Dzieżyc, Michal Karliński, Johan Bring, Carl Bjartmar
BACKGROUND: Wilson disease is a rare genetic disorder in which impaired copper excretion results in toxic copper levels and tissue damage. Manifestations are primarily hepatic and/or neuropsychiatric, with a variety of neurological phenotypes. The aim of this study was to characterize neurological signs of Wilson disease in newly diagnosed patients and to determine whether they correlated with disability, liver function, and copper metabolism. METHODS: Fifty-three treatment-naïve patients recently diagnosed with Wilson disease who exhibited neurological symptoms were included...
April 5, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620399/robust-effects-of-affective-person-learning-on-evaluation-of-faces
#5
Sara C Verosky, Jenny Porter, Joel E Martinez, Alexander Todorov
People form impressions of others from multiple sources of information. Facial appearance is one such source and judgments based on facial appearance are made after minimal exposure to faces. A more reliable source of information is affective person learning based on others' past actions. Here we investigated whether the effects of such appearance-independent learning on face evaluation emerge after rapid face exposure, a response deadline procedure, and a lack of explicit recognition of the faces. In three experiments, participants learned to associate novel faces with negative and positive behaviors, and then evaluated the faces presented on their own, without the behaviors...
April 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616169/clinical-application-of-foci-contralateral-facial-artery-myomucosal-flap-for-tongue-defect-repair
#6
Mengxiong Pan, Tao Ma, Junwu Mao, Xiaorong Qin, Bo Li
This study aims to investigate the clinical efficacy of foci contralateral facial artery myomucosal flap (FAMF) in repairing the defect of tongue after tumor resection. There were 10 cases who received the operation to repair tongue tissue defects caused by tumor resection from January 2010 to January 2016. FAMF flap size ranged from 2.5 × 3 cm to 5 × 5 cm. All flaps survived after surgery, and no local necrosis occurred. For the donor and receptor sites of 10 cases, 8 cases got wounds healed at stage I, wound dehiscence of donor site occurred in 2 cases, and the dehisced wounds were healed after local cleaning...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605579/noninvasive-stimulation-of-the-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-modulates-emotional-face-processing
#7
Constantin Winker, Maimu A Rehbein, Dean Sabatinelli, Mira Dohn, Julius Maitzen, Carsten H Wolters, Volker Arolt, Markus Junghofer
The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) is associated with emotional states that can be characterized as positive affect. Moreover, a variety of psychiatric disorders that are associated with disturbed reactions toward reward- or safety-signaling stimuli reveal functional or structural anomalies within this area. Thus, neuromodulation of this region via transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) offers an attractive opportunity to noninvasively influence pleasant emotional and reward processing. Recent experiments revealed hemodynamic and electrophysiological evidence for valence specific modulations of emotional scene processing after excitatory and inhibitory tDCS of the vmPFC...
March 29, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601620/multi-center-double-blind-vehicle-controlled-clinical-trial-of-an-alpha-and-beta-defensin-containing-anti-aging-skin-care-regimen-with-clinical-histopathologic-immunohistochemical-photographic-and-ultrasound-evaluation
#8
Amy Taub, Vivian Bucay, Gregory Keller, Jay Williams, Darius Mehregan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Anti-aging strategies utilizing stem cells are in the forefront. Alpha and beta defensins are natural immune peptides that have been shown to activate an LGR6-positive stem cell locus in the hair follicle, identified as the source of most new epidermal cells during acute wound healing. We investigated the ability of biomimetic alpha and beta defensin molecules, supplemented with supportive cosmetic ingredients, formulated into three skin care products, at improving the structure and function of aging skin...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578294/from-the-sap-s-perspective-the-nature-of-vessel-surfaces-in-angiosperm-xylem
#9
H Jochen Schenk, Susana Espino, Sarah M Rich-Cavazos, Steven Jansen
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Xylem sap in angiosperms moves under negative pressure in conduits and cell wall pores that are nanometers to micrometers in diameter, so sap is always very close to surfaces. Surfaces matter for water transport because hydrophobic ones favor nucleation of bubbles, and surface chemistry can have strong effects on flow. Vessel walls contain cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, pectins, proteins, and possibly lipids, but what is the nature of the inner, lumen-facing surface that is in contact with sap? METHODS: Vessel lumen surfaces of five angiosperms from different lineages were examined via transmission electron microscopy and confocal and fluorescence microscopy, using fluorophores and autofluorescence to detect cell wall components...
February 2018: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564875/nose-defects-reconstruction-with-the-zitelli-bilobed-flap
#10
Michele P Grieco, Nicolò Bertozzi, Eugenio Grignaffini, Edoardo Raposio
The skin cancers of the head and neck district are localized mostly on the nose, which, by being in the center of the mid-face, has an important aesthetic role. Therefore, many reconstructive techniques have been studied; among them regional skin flaps appeared the most suitable since they guaranteed the oncological radicality as well as a good aesthetic outcome. In this paper, we present our experience with the use of the Zitelli bilobed flap, which is defined as a double transposition flap for the reconstruction of the nose defects...
April 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557036/fleeing-or-not-responsivity-of-a-chased-target-influences-the-cognitive-representation-of-the-chasing-action
#11
Jun Yin, Man Chen, Xiaoting Wang, Xiaowei Ding
The chasing action, in which an actor chases a target, is a fundamental activity for the evolutionary shaping of social abilities. Where previous research has emphasized the chaser's role, the current study explored whether the fleeing responsivity of a chased target influences the cognitive representation of the chasing action. We investigated this with a change-detection task, in which a set of chasing actions, either exhibiting or not exhibiting fleeing behavior, were memorized in sequence, and it was tested whether a memorized action reappeared after altering an object's appearance...
March 19, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534303/orthodontic-treatment-for-prominent-upper-front-teeth-class-ii-malocclusion-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Klaus Bsl Batista, Badri Thiruvenkatachari, Jayne E Harrison, Kevin D O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Prominent upper front teeth are a common problem affecting about a quarter of 12-year-old children in the UK. The condition develops when permanent teeth erupt. These teeth are more likely to be injured and their appearance can cause significant distress. Children are often referred to an orthodontist for treatment with dental braces to reduce the prominence of their teeth. If a child is referred at a young age, the orthodontist is faced with the dilemma of whether to treat the patient early or to wait and provide treatment in adolescence...
March 13, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529867/social-effects-of-tears-and-small-pupils-are-mediated-by-felt-sadness-an-evolutionary-view
#13
Dennis Küster
Small pupils elicit empathic socioemotional responses comparable to those found for emotional tears. This might be understood in an evolutionary context. Intense emotional tearing increases tear film volume and disturbs tear layer uniformity, resulting in blurry vision. A constriction of the pupils may help to mitigate this handicap, which in turn may have resulted in a perceptual association of both signals. However, direct empirical evidence for a role of pupil size in tearful emotional crying is still lacking...
January 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503529/therapeutic-potential-of-bimatoprost-for-the-treatment-of-eyebrow-hypotrichosis
#14
REVIEW
Nongsak Chanasumon, Tueboon Sriphojanart, Poonkiat Suchonwanit
Eyebrows serve as a key feature of the face and have many roles, including cosmetic appearance and social communication. Eyebrow hypotrichosis, which refers to reduction or absence of the eyebrow hair, could be a major problem that leads to negative functional, psychological, and social consequences. Bimatoprost is an ophthalmic prostamide analog that is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of eyelash hypotrichosis. Its proposed mechanism is stimulation of the prostaglandin receptor in dermal papilla and melanocyte, thus leading to a prolonged anagen phase and increased melanogenesis...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502459/variation-of-temporal-order-reveals-deficits-in-categorisation-of-facial-expressions-in-patients-afflicted-with-depression
#15
Pegah Sarkheil, Niclas Kilian-Hütten, Kristina Mickartz, Thomas Vornholt, Klaus Mathiak
INTRODUCTION: It is well established that depressive disorders are associated with abnormalities in the processing of affective information. However, type of stimuli, perceptual complexity and cognitive demand are important factors in evaluating these findings. In particular, processing mechanisms of perceptual boundaries in ecologically valid face stimuli are largely unknown in depression. METHODS: In the current study, intensity-ordered frame sequences provided a dynamic visualisation of happy or sad facial expressions fading from or to neutral expressions...
March 4, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498324/everyday-memory-measures-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#16
Roshan dasNair, Holly Griffiths, Sara Clarke, Abigail Methley, Ian Kneebone, Gogem Topcu
Everyday memory is one of the most affected cognitive functions in multiple sclerosis (MS). Assessing everyday memory problems is crucial for monitoring the impact of memory deficits on individuals' day-to-day lives and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions that aim to improve cognitive functions. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the research literature on everyday memory measures used with people with MS, describe the types of measures used, and summarise their psychometric properties...
March 2, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490098/the-multiple-faces-of-the-metal-transporter-zip14-slc39a14
#17
Tolunay B Aydemir, Robert J Cousins
The SLC39A family of metal transporters was identified through homologies with the Zrt- and Irt-like (ZIP) proteins from yeast and plants. Of all the ZIP transporters, ZIP14 is arguably the most robustly characterized in terms of function at the integrative level. Mice with a global knockout of Zip14 are viable, thus providing the opportunity to conduct physiologic experiments. In mice, Zip14 expression is highly tissue specific, with the greatest abundance in the jejunum > liver > heart > kidney > white adipose tissue > skeletal muscle > spleen > pancreas...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488277/the-increase-in-medial-prefrontal-glutamate-glutamine-concentration-during-memory-encoding-is-associated-with-better-memory-performance-and-stronger-functional-connectivity-in-the-human-medial-prefrontal-thalamus-hippocampus-network
#18
Jan-Willem Thielen, Donghyun Hong, Seyedmorteza Rohani Rankouhi, Jens Wiltfang, Guillén Fernández, David G Norris, Indira Tendolkar
The classical model of the declarative memory system describes the hippocampus and its interactions with representational brain areas in posterior neocortex as being essential for the formation of long-term episodic memories. However, new evidence suggests an extension of this classical model by assigning the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) a specific, yet not fully defined role in episodic memory. In this study, we utilized 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and psychophysiological interaction (PPI) analysis to lend further support for the idea of a mnemonic role of the mPFC in humans...
February 27, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473966/beyond-abstinence-changes-in-indices-of-quality-of-life-with-time-in-recovery-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-u-s-adults
#19
John F Kelly, M Claire Greene, Brandon G Bergman
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment and recovery research typically have focused narrowly on changes in alcohol/drug use (e.g., "percent days abstinent") with little attention on changes in functioning or well-being. Furthermore, little is known about whether and when such changes may occur, and for whom, as people progress in recovery. Greater knowledge would improve understanding of recovery milestones and points of vulnerability and growth. METHODS: National, probability-based, cross-sectional sample of U...
April 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466719/simultaneous-odour-face-presentation-strengthens-hedonic-evaluations-and-event-related-potential-responses-influenced-by-unpleasant-odour
#20
Stephanie Cook, Katerina Kokmotou, Vicente Soto, Hazel Wright, Nicholas Fallon, Anna Thomas, Timo Giesbrecht, Matt Field, Andrej Stancak
Odours alter evaluations of concurrently presented visual stimuli, such as faces. Stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) is known to affect evaluative priming in various sensory modalities. However, effects of SOA on odour priming of visual stimuli are not known. The present study aimed to analyse whether subjective and cortical activation changes during odour priming would vary as a function of SOA between odours and faces. Twenty-eight participants rated faces under pleasant, unpleasant, and no-odour conditions using visual analogue scales...
February 18, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
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