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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150533/disparity-between-indications-for-and-utilization-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in-asian-patients-with-heart-failure
#1
Yvonne May Fen Chia, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Eugene S J Tan, Wan Ting Tay, A Mark Richards, Calvin Woon Loong Chin, Wataru Shimizu, Sang Weon Park, Chung-Lieh Hung, Lieng H Ling, Tachapong Ngarmukos, Razali Omar, Bambang B Siswanto, Calambur Narasimhan, Eugene B Reyes, Cheuk-Man Yu, Inder Anand, Michael R MacDonald, Jonathan Yap, Shu Zhang, Eric A Finkelstein, Carolyn S P Lam
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are lifesaving devices for patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction. However, utilization and determinants of ICD insertion in Asia are poorly defined. We determined the utilization, associations of ICD uptake, patient-perceived barriers to device therapy and, impact of ICDs on mortality in Asian patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the prospective ASIAN-HF (Asian Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure) registry, 5276 patients with symptomatic HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) from 11 Asian regions and across 3 income regions (high: Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan; middle: China, Malaysia, and Thailand; and low: India, Indonesia, and Philippines) were studied...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148892/impact-of-prognostic-discussions-on-the-patient-physician-relationship-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Joshua J Fenton, Paul R Duberstein, Richard L Kravitz, Guibo Xing, Daniel J Tancredi, Kevin Fiscella, Supriya Mohile, Ronald M Epstein
Purpose Some research has suggested that discussion of prognosis can disrupt the patient-physician relationship. This study assessed whether physician discussion of prognosis is associated with detrimental changes in measures of the strength of the patient-physician relationship. Methods This was a longitudinal cohort study of 265 adult patients with advanced cancer who visited 38 oncologists within community- and hospital-based cancer clinics in Western New York and Northern California. Prognostic discussion was assessed by coding transcribed audio-recorded visits using the Prognostic and Treatment Choices (PTCC) scale and by patient survey at 3 months after the clinic visit...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148839/sexual-risk-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-men-who-go-to-gay-sex-parties-in-new-york-city-comparisons-between-three-hiv-groups
#3
Étienne Meunier, Karolynn Siegel
Men who have sex with men (MSM) who attend group-sex events often engage in risky sexual behaviors that contribute to the high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence among this population. We conducted an online survey with 211 New York City MSM who attended sex parties in the prior year and asked them to describe their behaviors and perceptions of risk. We compared responses from HIV-positive-undetectable men (n = 36), HIV-negative men on pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP; n = 62), and HIV-negative men never on PrEP (n = 113)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148670/using-the-national-environmental-assessment-reporting-system-to-enhance-foodborne-illness-outbreak-investigations-in-new-york-city-restaurants
#4
Bailey Matis, Wendy McKelvey, Dan O'Halloran, Faina Stavinsky, Melissa Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148400/avian-influenza-a-h7n2-virus-in-human-exposed-to-sick-cats-new-york-usa-2016
#5
Atanaska Marinova-Petkova, Jen Laplante, Yunho Jang, Brian Lynch, Natosha Zanders, Marisela Rodriguez, Joyce Jones, Sharmi Thor, Erin Hodges, Juan A De La Cruz, Jessica Belser, Hua Yang, Paul Carney, Bo Shu, LaShondra Berman, Thomas Stark, John Barnes, Fiona Havers, Patrick Yang, Susan C Trock, Alicia Fry, Larisa Gubareva, Joseph S Bresee, James Stevens, Demetre Daskalakis, Dakai Liu, Christopher T Lee, Mia Kim Torchetti, Sandra Newbury, Francine Cigel, Kathy Toohey-Kurth, Kirsten St George, David E Wentworth, Stephen Lindstrom, C Todd Davis
An outbreak of influenza A(H7N2) virus in cats in a shelter in New York, NY, USA, resulted in zoonotic transmission. Virus isolated from the infected human was closely related to virus isolated from a cat; both were related to low pathogenicity avian influenza A(H7N2) viruses detected in the United States during the early 2000s.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148156/long-term-outcomes-for-different-surgical-strategies-to-treat-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#6
Richard Collis, Oliver Watkinson, Constantinos O'Mahony, Oliver P Guttmann, Antonis Pantazis, Maria Tome-Esteban, Victor Tsang, Venkatachalam Chandrasekaran, Christopher G A McGregor, Perry M Elliott
AIMS: Surgical intervention is used to treat dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This study assesses the effect of different surgical strategies on long-term mortality and morbidity. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 347 patients underwent surgical intervention for LVOTO (1988-2015). Group A (n = 272) underwent septal myectomy; Group B (n = 33), septal myectomy and mitral valve (MV) repair; Group C (n = 22), myectomy and MV replacement; and Group D (n = 20), MV replacement alone...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148048/editorial-perspective-whatever-happened-to-temperament
#7
EDITORIAL
William B Carey
A recent editorial in this journal supported our need to be 'mindful of the field's strict adherence to the disease model of psychopathology, and wondered (not for the first time) whether our total allegiance to this model has obscured important information.' Dr. Burt pointed to studies in which normal behavioral style traits such as activity and resilience may have been significant factors in the outcome. These traits bear a close relationship to two of the nine normal temperament traits described by Chess and Thomas in their New York Longitudinal Study starting in 1956...
December 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147978/predictors-of-client-satisfaction-with-outpatient-mental-health-clinic-services-in-italy-and-new-york
#8
Luca Pauselli, Chiara Galletti, Norma Verdolini, Enrico Paolini, Daniela Gallucci, Pierfrancesco Maria Balducci, Francesco Bernardini, Jerome H Kogan, Ruth Shim, Patrizia Moretti, Michael T Compton
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess factors associated with client satisfaction in two mental health outpatient settings in Italy and the US. Sociodemographic and clinical variables, hope, and personality characteristics were evaluated in 18-65-year-old patients who had been receiving services for at least 2 months in one of two outpatient clinics, in Italy and the US. Patients were administered: the Healthy Days Core Module, the Kessler Screening Scale for Psychological Distress, the Verona Service Satisfaction Survey, the Client Satisfaction Inventory, the Health Service OutPatient Experience questionnaire, the Herth Hope Index, and the NEO Five-Factor Inventory-3...
November 17, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147972/plasma-osteopontin-levels-in-patients-with-dilated-and-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#9
J Podzimkova, T Palecek, P Kuchynka, J Marek, B A Danek, M Jachymova, M Kalousova, T Zima, A Linhart
BACKGROUND: Osteopontin (OPN) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein that plays a role in a variety of cellular activities associated with inflammatory and fibrotic responses. Increased OPN levels in myocardium and plasma have been demonstrated in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, nothing is known about OPN levels in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Therefore, the aim of our study was to compare plasma OPN levels in patients with these two most common cardiomyopathies...
November 16, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147810/acceptability-of-a-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-vaginal-ring-for-hiv-prevention-among-women-in-new-york-city
#10
Dana Watnick, Marla J Keller, Kimberly Stein, Laurie J Bauman
Vaginal rings for pre-exposure prophylaxis are a female-initiated HIV prevention method that does not require daily or coitally-dependent dosing. As part of a randomized placebo-controlled trial of a tenofovir disoproxil fumarate intravaginal ring, we assessed product acceptability through in-depth interviews with 18 women during and after 14 days of continuous use. Women reported that the ring was comfortable with few side effects, regardless of experimental arm. However, interest in future use by this cohort was modest for several reasons including: low self-perceived HIV risk; concern that use implied promiscuity; potential for interference with relationship formation and trust; concern for interference with menstruation and cleanliness; and worries about partners' acceptability and sexual pleasure...
November 16, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146543/cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-optimisation-of-interventricular-delay-by-the-systolic-dyssynchrony-index-a-comparative-randomized-12-month-follow-up-study
#11
Jiri Vondrak, Dan Marek, Jan Vecera, Klara Benesova, Jan Matejka
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to compare the effect of interventricular (VV) delay optimisation in CRT recipients based on systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI) derived from the three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) versus QRS width assessment, on left ventricle volume reduction at the 12-month follow-up. METHODS: We included 63 patients with recently implanted CRT in this randomized, open-label trial. Patients were randomized to VV delay optimisation based on QRS complex width measurement in the group 1 (n=31) to obtain the narrowest QRS complex and based on SDI in group 2 (n=32) to achieve its lowest possible value...
November 13, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146274/effects-of-angiotensin-neprilysin-inhibition-as-compared-to-angiotensin-inhibition-on-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-reduced-ejection-fraction-patients-under-continuous-remote-monitoring-of-implantable-defibrillator-devices
#12
Carlos de Diego, Luis González-Torres, José María Núñez, Raúl Centurión Inda, David A Martin-Langerwerf, Antonio D Sangio, Piotr Chochowski, Pilar Casasnovas, Julio C Blazquéz, Jesús Almendral
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition as compared to angiotensin inhibition decreased sudden cardiac death in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (rEFHF). The precise mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition on ventricular arrhythmias as compared to angiotensin inhibition in rEFHF patients with an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) and remote monitoring. METHODS: We prospectively included 120 patients with ICD and: 1) New York Heart Association functional class≥ II, 2) left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤40%, 3) remote monitoring...
November 13, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144586/relationship-between-hospital-level-percentage-of-midwife-attended-births-and-obstetric-procedure-utilization
#13
Laura Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil
INTRODUCTION: Research has shown good outcomes among individual low-risk women who receive perinatal care from midwives, yet little is known about how hospital-level variation in midwifery care relates to procedure use and maternal health. This study aimed to document the association between the hospital-level proportion of midwife-attended births and obstetric procedure utilization. METHODS: This analysis used 2 data sources: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database data for New York in 2014, and New York State Department of Health data on the percentage of midwife-attended births at hospitals in the state in 2014...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144532/is-there-a-role-for-combination-anti-remodelling-therapy-for-heart-failure-secondary-to-chronic-rheumatic-mitral-regurgitation
#14
Ruchika Meel, Ferande Peters, Elena Libhaber, Mohammed R Essop
INTRODUCTION: The value of combination anti-remodelling therapy for heart failure (HF) secondary to mitral regurgitation (MR) is unknown. We studied the effect of anti-remodelling therapy on clinical and echocardiographic parameters in patients with severe chronic rheumatic mitral regurgitation (CRMR) presenting in HF. METHODS: Thirty-one patients (29 females) at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, treated with combination therapy for HF due to CRMR and New York Heart Association functional class II-III symptoms, underwent prospective six-month follow up...
September 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144432/climate-change-and-schools-environmental-hazards-and-resiliency
#15
Perry E Sheffield, Simone A M Uijttewaal, James Stewart, Maida P Galvez
The changing climate is creating additional challenges in maintaining a healthy school environment in the United States (U.S.) where over 50 million people, mostly children, spend approximately a third of their waking hours. Chronic low prioritization of funds and resources to support environmental health in schools and lack of clear regulatory oversight in the U.S. undergird the new risks from climate change. We illustrate the extent of risk and the variation in vulnerability by geographic region, in the context of sparse systematically collected and comparable data particularly about school infrastructure...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144278/time-trends-in-food-allergy-diagnoses-epinephrine-orders-and-epinephrine-administrations-in-new-york-city-schools
#16
Elizabeth Feuille, Cheryl Lawrence, Caroline Volel, Scott H Sicherer, Julie Wang
OBJECTIVES: To assess time trends in food allergy diagnoses, epinephrine autoinjector (EAI) prescriptions, and EAI administrations in the school setting. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study, deidentified student data from the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, which oversees >1 million students in 1800 schools, were provided to investigators. Data from school years 2007-2008 to 2012-2013 pertaining to diagnoses of food allergy, student-specific EAI orders, and EAI administrations among students in New York City were analyzed for trends over time, via the use of ORs and χ(2) calculation...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144236/food-anaphylaxis-has-been-increasing-in-new-york-city-schools
#17
Robert W Wilmott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143591/the-machine-in-the-market-computers-and-the-infrastructure-of-price-at-the-new-york-stock-exchange-1965-1975
#18
Devin Kennedy
This article traces the development and expansion of early computer systems for managing and disseminating 'real-time' market data at the most influential stock market in the United States, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). It follows electronic media at the NYSE over a roughly ten-year period, from the time of the deployment of a computer called the Market Data System (MDS) through debates surrounding the National Market System and the passage of the 1975 Securities Acts Amendments. Building on research at the archives of the NYSE and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), this history emphasizes the regulatory and managerial contexts in which market data became computerized...
December 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143489/spatial-variation-in-the-parasite-communities-and-genomic-structure-of-urban-rats-in-new-york-city
#19
L P Angley, M Combs, C Firth, M J Frye, I Lipkin, J L Richardson, J Munshi-South
Brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) are a globally distributed pest. Urban habitats can support large infestations of rats, posing a potential risk to public health from the parasites and pathogens they carry. Despite the potential influence of rodent-borne zoonotic diseases on human health, it is unclear how urban habitats affect the structure and transmission dynamics of ectoparasite and microbial communities (all referred to as "parasites" hereafter) among rat colonies. In this study, we use ecological data on parasites and genomic sequencing of their rat hosts to examine associations between spatial proximity, genetic relatedness and the parasite communities associated with 133 rats at five sites in sections of New York City with persistent rat infestations...
November 16, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143213/colorectal-surgery-fellowship-improves-in-hospital-mortality-after-colectomy-and-proctectomy-irrespective-of-hospital-and-surgeon-volume
#20
Julia T Saraidaridis, Daniel A Hashimoto, David C Chang, Liliana G Bordeianou, Hiroko Kunitake
BACKGROUND: General surgery residents are increasingly pursuing sub-specialty training in colorectal (CR) surgery. However, the majority of operations performed by CR surgeons are also performed by general surgeons. This study aimed to assess in-hospital mortality stratified by CR training status after adjusting for surgeon and hospital volume. METHODS: The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative system database was used to identify all patients who underwent colectomy/proctectomy from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2014, in the state of New York...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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