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Periorbital hyperpigmentation

Naglaa A Ahmed, Salma S Mohammed, Mohammad I Fatani
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation and comparison of the efficacy and safety of 3 different modalities of treatment for dark circles that function via different modes of action. METHODS: In total, 45 female patients with periorbital hyperpigmentation were randomly selected to participate from those attending the outpatient dermatology clinic of Al-Zahraa University Hospital within a 6-month period. Patients were divided into 3 groups, and the groups were subjected to different types of therapy: group A, carboxy therapy; group B, chemical peel; and group C, vitamin C mesotherapy...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Eman Nofal, Reham Elkot, Ahmad Nofal, Fatma Eldesoky, Shymaa Shehata, Maha Sami
BACKGROUND: Management of periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) is still a therapeutic challenge. Although different therapeutic modalities are available, the outcomes of most of them are unsatisfactory. OBJECTIVES: To investigate and compare the efficacy and safety of two new modalities in the treatment of POH; the platelet rich plasma (PRP) and the carboxytherapy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 30 patients with POH. Every patient was subjected to seven intradermal injections of PRP on the left periorbital area with 2 week intervals between sessions and carboxytherapy on the right area with 1 week interval apart...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Ferdinand Rodríguez-Agramonte, Juan Carlos Jiménez, José Raúl Montes
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalent side effects of prostaglandin analogues (PA) in a Hispanic population and their effect on quality of life (QOL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary medical facility in which patients were evaluated in a single visit. Total of 14 participants in the study, 10 women and 4 men. Ages ranged from 26-78 years old. Subjects underwent a single full Oculoplastic evaluation by two physicians; one was blinded on patient medical history and assessed for PA side effects...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Lauren Meshkov Bonati, Gorana Kuka Epstein, Tamara Lazic Strugar
<p>INTRODUCTION: Microneedling procedures are growing in popularity for a wide variety of skin conditions. This paper comprehensively reviews the medical literature regarding skin needling efficacy and safety in all skin types and in multiple dermatologic conditions.</p> <p>METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted in all languages without restriction and bibliographies of relevant articles reviewed. Search terms included: "microneedling," "percutaneous collagen induction," "needling," "skin needling," and "dermaroller...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Julie Amthor Croley, Vail Reese, Richard F Wagner
Importance: Dichotomous dermatologic depictions of heroes and villains in movies have been used since the silent film age. Objective: To evaluate the hero-villain skin dichotomy in film by (1) identifying dermatologic findings of the all-time top 10 American film villains, (2) comparing these dermatologic findings to the all-time top 10 American film heroes quantitatively and qualitatively, and (3) analyzing dermatologic portrayals of film villains in depth. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study, dermatologic findings for film heroes and villains in mainstream media were identified and compared quantitatively using a χ2 test with α < ...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
Eftychia Platsidaki, Anargyros Kouris, Efthymia Agiasofitou, Christina Antoniou, Georgios Kontochristopoulos
Background: Xanthelasma palpebrarum refers to xanthomas that occur more often near the inner canthus of the eyelid. Periorbital hyperpigmentation presents as a dark area surrounding the eyelids. Objective: In the present study, the authors examined the prevalence and the associated factors of periorbital hyperpigmentation among patients with xanthelasma. Methods: One hundred and fourteen patients with xanthelasma palpebrarum were examined for the presence of dark circles. Detailed questionnaires regarding the history of diabetes, hypothyroidism, smoking status, and weight were completed by all patients...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Rashmi Ranjan, Rashmi Sarkar, Vijay Kumar Garg, Tanvi Gupta
BACKGROUND: Periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) is a common hyperpigmentary problem of the face, which can be psychologically distressing and it can influence an individual's quality of life. However, this condition has received less attention in literature. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the clinico-etiological features and the effect of two therapeutic modalities on the quality of life in patients of POH before and after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients attending the outpatient clinic of Dermatology Department, with clinically evident POH were included...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Tiffany N S Ballard, César A Briceño
A 20-year-old woman underwent lacrimal gland biopsy for unilateral swelling and was unexpectedly found to have olive-green discoloration of her orbital rim. Postoperative questioning revealed that as a teenager she had been treated for acne with minocycline, a semisynthetic tetracycline antibiotic and a first-line treatment for moderate and severe acne. While hyperpigmentation is a known side effect of minocycline, reports of pigmentation changes of the periorbital bones are relatively rare and could pose a diagnostic dilemma during surgery...
April 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Rashmi Sarkar, Rashmi Ranjan, Shilpa Garg, Vijay K Garg, Sidharth Sonthalia, Shivani Bansal
Periorbital hyperpigmentation is a commonly encountered condition. There is very little scientific data available on the clinical profile and pathogenesis of periorbital hyperpigmentation. Periorbital hyperpigmentation is caused by various exogenous and endogenous factors. The causative factors include genetic or heredity, excessive pigmentation, postinflammatory hyperpigmentation secondary to atopic and allergic contact dermatitis, periorbital edema, excessive vascularity, shadowing due to skin laxity and tear trough associated with aging...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Dibyajyoti Boruah, V Manu, Ajay Malik, Manas Chatterjee, Biju Vasudevan, V Srinivas
BACKGROUND: An increase in number of melanocytes in the basal cell layer of the epidermis is an important feature in many disorders of hyperpigmentation. In this study, we attempted an objective evaluation of the linear density of melanocytes and keratinocytes, along with other epidermal characteristics, in periorbital hyperpigmentation using immunohistochemistry and morphometric techniques. METHODS: Melanocytes and epidermal parameters were assessed by digital morphometry in 30 newly diagnosed cases of periorbital hyperpigmentation and 14 controls from the post-auricular region...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Seung Jae Lee, Jung-In Kim, You Jin Yang, Jae Hui Nam, Won-Serk Kim
BACKGROUND: Periorbital wrinkles as a result of photoaging are a frequent cosmetic concern. Recently, the fractional radiofrequency microneedle system was introduced as a new device for facial rejuvenation, and it has received much recognition for its unique "deep dermal heating with epidermal sparing" feature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical efficacy and safety of the system for the treatment of periorbital wrinkles in Korean patients...
May 2015: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Patricia Farris, Margarita Yatskayer, Nannan Chen, Yevgeniy Krol, Christian Oresajo
Resveratrol is an effective anti-aging molecule with diverse biologic activity. It functions as a dual antioxidant that can neutralize free radicals and increase intrinsic antioxidant capacity. Additionally resveratrol increases mitochondrial biogenesis and has anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, and anti-cancer activity. In this paper we will focus on the use of topically applied resveratrol using a proprietary blend containing 1% resveratrol, 0.5% baicalin, and 1% vitamin E. This stabilized high concentration formulation demonstrates percutaneous absorption and alterations in gene expression such as hemoxygenase-1 (HO-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA), and collagen 3 (COL3A1)...
December 2014: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Ugur Keklikci, Izzet Yavuz, Selcuk Tunik, Zelal Baskan Ulku, Sedat Akdeniz
BACKGROUND: Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is a disorder that results from abnormal formation of at least two of the four major ectodermal derivatives in the developing embryo. The ectoderm of the embryo forms the skin, teeth, hair and nails, sweat glands and part of the eyes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to reveal ophthalmologic symptoms and signs as multidisciplinary, reliable criteria for ectodermal dysplasia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 24 patients with ED were analyzed from the recorded data...
July 2014: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Chun Pil Choi, Seon Mi Yim, Soo Hong Seo, Hyo Hyun Ahn, Young Chul Kye, Jae Eun Choi
BACKGROUND: Despite the effectiveness of low-fluence Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (QSNY) treatment in melasma, adverse events, including mottled hypopigmentation (MH) and rebound hyperpigmentation (RH) have been reported. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of combination therapy using low-fluence QSNY and long-pulse Nd:YAG laser (LPNY) (Dual toning), with low-fluence QSNY monotherapy (QS toning), in Asian melasma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were treated for 10 sessions at 1-week intervals with QSNY (6 mm spot); 2...
February 2015: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Kanika Sahni, Vishal Gupta, Neena Khanna
Vitiligo is an acquired pigmentary disorder, clinically characterized by depigmented macules caused by destruction of melanocytes in the affected skin. Half of all patients develop the disease in childhood and adolescence before the age of 20 years, making vitiligo an important skin disease of childhood. There are numerous studies in the literature that suggest the efficacy of topical tacrolimus in vitiligo, without serious adverse effects. We describe a case of vitiligo in a pediatric patient who developed hyperpigmentation in the periorbital lesions of vitiligo with the use of topical tacrolimus...
April 2014: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Wendy E Roberts
Periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) is a common worldwide problem. It is challenging to treat, complex in pathogenesis, and lacking straightforward and repeatable therapeutic options. It may occur in the young and old, however the development of dark circles under the eyes in any age is of great aesthetic concern because it may depict the individual as sad, tired, stressed, and old. While "dark circles" are seen in all skin types, POH is often more commonly seen in skin of color patients worldwide...
April 2014: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Kristin Burger, Anne-Theres Schneider, Sigrun Wohlfart, Franklin Kiesewetter, Kenneth Huttner, Ramsey Johnson, Holm Schneider
X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED), the most frequent form of ectodermal dysplasia, is a genetic disorder of ectoderm development characterized by malformation of multiple ectodermal structures such as skin, hair, sweat and sebaceous glands, and teeth. The disease is caused by a broad spectrum of mutations in the gene EDA. Although XLHED symptoms show inter-familial and intra-familial variability, genotype-phenotype correlation has been demonstrated with respect to sweat gland function. In this study, we investigated to which extent the EDA genotype correlates with the severity of XLHED-related skin and hair signs...
October 2014: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Pratik B Sheth, Hiral A Shah, Jayendra N Dave
BACKGROUND: Periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) is one of the most commonly encountered conditions in routine dermatology practice. There are only few published studies about its prevalence, classification, and pathogenesis but none showing its association with habits, and other medical conditions in Indian patients. AIMS: To determine prevalence and type of POH, common causative factors, and its association with personal habits and other disorders within various age and sex groups...
March 2014: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Pedram Mehryan, Hamed Zartab, Ali Rajabi, Neda Pazhoohi, Alireza Firooz
BACKGROUND: Infraorbital skin hyperpigmentation, commonly called dark circles, and crow's feet wrinkles are common cosmetic concerns. Various methods of treatment have been evaluated with variable outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to assess the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection for treating periorbital dark circles and crow's feet. METHODS: Ten participants with a mean age of 41.2 years were treated in a single session with intradermal injections of 1...
March 2014: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Tania Ferreira Cestari, Lia Pinheiro Dantas, Juliana Catucci Boza
Cutaneous hyperpigmentations are frequent complaints, motivating around 8.5% of all dermatological consultations in our country. They can be congenital, with different patterns of inheritance, or acquired in consequence of skin problems, systemic diseases or secondary to environmental factors. The vast majority of them are linked to alterations on the pigment melanin, induced by different mechanisms. This review will focus on the major acquired hyperpigmentations associated with increased melanin, reviewing their mechanisms of action and possible preventive measures...
January 2014: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
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