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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532413/dietary-habits-oral-impact-on-daily-performance-and-type-2-diabetes-a-matched-case-control-study-from-sudan
#1
Hasaan G Mohamed, Kamal Mustafa, Salah O Ibrahim, Anne N Åstrøm
BACKGROUND: It is evident that social and behavioural factors influence on individuals' general health and quality of life. Nevertheless, information about the influence of dietary habits on oral health-related quality of life is limited; especially among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to examine the influence of dietary habits and clinical oral health indicators on oral health-related quality of life in individuals with and without T2D. METHODS: A total of 149 T2D cases and 298 controls were recruited for this age and gender matched case-control study...
May 22, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526794/raffinose-induces-biofilm-formation-by-streptococcus-mutans-in-low-concentrations-of-sucrose-by-increasing-production-of-extracellular-dna-and-fructan
#2
Ryo Nagasawa, Tsutomu Sato, Hidenobu Senpuku
Streptococcus mutans is the primary etiological agent of dental caries and causes tooth decay by forming a firmly attached biofilm on tooth surfaces. Biofilm formation is induced by the presence of sucrose, which is a substrate for the synthesis of extracellular polysaccharides, but not in the presence of oligosaccharides. Nonetheless, in this study, we found that raffinose, which is an oligosaccharide with an intestinal regulatory function and antiallergic effect, induced biofilm formation by S. mutans in a mixed culture with sucrose which was at concentrations less than those required to induce biofilm formation directly...
May 19, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511505/effectiveness-of-chewable-tooth-brush-in-children-a-prospective-clinical-study
#3
Lavanya Govindaraju, Deepa Gurunathan
INTRODUCTION: Dental plaque is one of the aetiological factors in causation of dental caries. Effective removal of plaque can reduce the incidence of caries. Various agents for removing plaque has been introduced, of which, chewable brush is a recent advance. There is limited evidence assessing the effectiveness of using chewable brush in children. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chewable brush in relation to efficiency in plaque removal and reduction in S...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502123/novel-method-for-the-depletion-of-cariogenic-bacteria-using-dextranomer-microspheres
#4
Lauren Mashburn-Warren, Jennifer S Downey, Steven D Goodman
Streptococcus mutans is recognized as one of the key contributors to the dysbiotic state that results in dental caries. While existing treatment strategies reduce the incidence of tooth decay, they also eliminate both the cariogenic and beneficial microbes. Here we introduce a novel treatment alternative using Sephadex, cross-linked dextranomer microspheres (DMs), typically used for gel filtration chromatography. In addition DM beads can be used for affinity purification of glucosyltransferases (GTFs) from S...
May 14, 2017: Molecular Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501354/calcium-orthophosphates-capo4-occurrence-and-properties
#5
REVIEW
S V Dorozhkin
The present overview is intended to point the readers' attention to the important subject of calcium orthophosphates (CaPO4). This type of materials is of the special significance for the human beings because they represent the inorganic part of major normal (bones, teeth and antlers) and pathological (those appearing due to various diseases) calcified tissues of mammals. For example, atherosclerosis results in blood vessel blockage caused by a solid composite of cholesterol with CaPO4, while dental caries (tooth decay) and osteoporosis (a low bone mass with microarchitectural changes) mean a partial decalcification of teeth and bones, respectively, that results in replacement of a less soluble and harder biological apatite by more soluble and softer calcium hydrogenorthophosphates...
May 10, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492755/association-between-root-caries-and-depressive-symptoms-among-elders-in-carlos-barbosa-rs-brazil
#6
Otávio Pereira D'Avila, Eliana Wendland, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Dalva Maria Pereira Padilha, Fernando Neves Hugo
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between depressive symptoms and root caries among independent-living older persons. All community-dwelling older adults (not hospitalized and not bedridden) living in Carlos Barbosa, RS, Brazil, were invited to participate, and 785 completed the study protocol (standardized questionnaire assessing socio-demographic information and health behavior, Geriatric Depression Scale [GDS] - brief version, and oral examination [DMFT-Root index, Visible Plaque Index and stimulated salivary flow])...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492208/self-reported-dental-pain-and-dental-caries-among-8-12-year-old-school-children-an-exploratory-survey-in-lagos-nigeria
#7
Abiola A Adeniyi, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya
BACKGROUND: Dental pain is considered an important public health problem because it affects the daily life of children. This study was designed to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact of dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children in Lagos, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey to determine self-reported dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children using an interviewer-administered questionnaire was conducted. This was followed by a clinical examination to determine the child's oral hygiene status and dental caries status...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492196/comparative-evaluation-of-effect-of-use-of-toothbrush-with-paste-and-munident-on-levels-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-gingival-health-in-children-an-in-vivo-study
#8
Rashmi N Shetty, Sowmya B Shetty, Sruthi Janardhanan, Shamila Shetty, Sharan Shetty, Kiran Raj
AIM: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which has a deleterious effect on the oral cavity. Improper oral hygiene habits are a cause for the same. The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial efficacy of Munident, an Ayurvedic (herbal) dentifrice with commercially available toothpaste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of forty subjects between the age group 9 and 12 years, resident of Bala Yeshu Nilaya Bhavan, Mangalore, Karnataka, India, were chosen for our study...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488339/root-caries-experience-among-australian-adults
#9
Ninuk Hariyani, A John Spencer, Liana Luzzi, Loc Giang Do
BACKGROUND: Increase in life expectancy and tooth retention in contemporary Australian adults may increase population-level burden of having root caries. This study aimed to describe patterns and evaluate associations of root caries with socio-demographic, socio-economic, clinical and behavioural factors. METHODS: A secondary analysis was undertaken using data from the National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-2006, which included 5505 randomly general adults 15+ years old...
May 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484131/relationships-between-occupational-and-behavioral-parameters-and-oral-health-status
#10
Takashi Zaitsu, Toshiya Kanazawa, Yuka Shizuma, Akiko Oshiro, Sachiko Takehara, Masayuki Ueno, Yoko Kawaguchi
The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of various workplace parameters and oral health behaviors on tooth decay, periodontal disease, and the number of teeth present in industrial workers. The study participants were 1,078 workers (808 males, 270 females, mean age 42.8±11.4 years) employed at 11 different workplaces. Oral examinations and a self-administered questionnaire were conducted for participants. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify factors related to their oral health status...
May 2, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475081/effectiveness-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-in-caries-prevention-and-arrest-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
Violeta Contreras, Milagros J Toro, Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Angeliz Encarnación-Burgos
This study aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in preventing and arresting caries in the primary dentition and permanent first molars. A systematic review (SR) was performed by 2 independent reviewers using 3 electronic databases (PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Scopus). The database search employed the following key words: "topical fluorides" AND "children" AND "clinical trials"; "topical fluorides" OR "silver diamine fluoride" AND "randomized controlled trial"; "silver diamine fluoride" AND "children" OR "primary dentition" AND "tooth decay"; "silver diamine fluoride" OR "sodium fluoride varnish" AND "early childhood caries"; and "silver diamine fluoride" AND "children"...
May 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474082/-survey-on-dental-caries-prevalence-among-3-year-old-children-in-jing-an-district-of-shanghai
#12
Shuang Yuan, Le Shi, Jin Lv
PURPOSE: To analyze the dental caries prevalence and severity in 3-year-old children from Jing'an district of Shanghai, and provide epidemiologic evidence for monitoring dental decay for establishing policies of preventive and treatment. METHODS: The surveillance was conducted using random cluster sampling method, 959 3-year-old children from Jing'an district was investigated in regard to dental caries. SPSS 15.0 software package was used for statistical analysis...
February 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467009/a-school-based-public-health-model-to-reduce-oral-health-disparities
#13
Rebecca N Dudovitz, Jonathan E Valiente, Gloria Espinosa, Claudia Yepes, Cesar Padilla, Maryjane Puffer, Harold C Slavkin, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVES: Although dental decay is preventable, it remains the most common pediatric chronic disease. We describe a public health approach to implementing a scalable and sustainable school-based oral health program for low-income urban children. METHODS: The Los Angeles Trust for Children's Health, a nonprofit affiliated with the Los Angeles Unified School District, applied a public health model and developed a broad-based community-coalition to a) establish a District Oral Health Nurse position to coordinate oral health services, and b) implement a universal school-based oral health screening and fluoride varnishing program, with referral to a dental home...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450590/in-surprise-tooth-decay-afflicts-hunter-gatherers
#14
Ann Gibbons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449082/oral-health-and-mortality-in-the-golestan-cohort-study
#15
Emily Vogtmann, Arash Etemadi, Farin Kamangar, Farhad Islami, Gholamreza Roshandel, Hossein Poustchi, Akram Pourshams, Masoud Khoshnia, Abdulsamad Gharravi, Paul J Brennan, Paolo Boffetta, Sanford M Dawsey, Reza Malekzadeh, Christian C Abnet
Background: Previous studies have found associations between oral health and mortality, but the majority of previous studies have been conducted in high-income countries. Methods: We used data from the Golestan Cohort Study, a study of 50 045 people aged 40 to 75 years in north eastern Iran, recruited from January 2004 to June 2008. Tooth loss and decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) were assessed by trained physicians. Frequency of tooth brushing and use of dentures were self-reported...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444905/the-value-of-a-combined-word-recognition-and-knowledge-measure-to-understand-characteristics-of-our-patients-oral-health-literacy
#16
Kathryn A Atchison, Mark D Macek, Daniela Markovic
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the analysis was to examine the association between sociodemographic and dental understanding and utilization characteristics and lower oral health literacy (HL) and knowledge. METHODS: The cross-sectional Multicenter Oral Health Literacy Research Study (MOHLRS) recruited and interviewed 923 English-speaking, initial care-seeking adults. The questionnaire included participant sociodemographic characteristics, measures of the participant's understanding and utilization of dentistry, and two oral HL measures, the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALM-D) and the Comprehensive Measure of Oral Health Knowledge (CMOHK), which were combined into a new composite HL and knowledge measure, the MOHLR-K...
April 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441274/-meth-mouth-an-interdisciplinary-review-of-a-dental-and-psychiatric-condition
#17
Cornel N Stanciu, Magdalena Glass, Brian C Muzyka, Oliver M Glass
OBJECTIVE: Chronic methamphetamine (MA) users experience many dental problems, a condition characterized as "meth mouth." These devastating effects on dentition is the main reason why many seek professional help. Here, we discuss the effects of MA on oral health and advocate for improved collaboration between dentists and mental health providers. We also introduce a dental evaluation tool with the goal of improving the quality of care for this often-marginalized patient population. METHODS: A Medline literature search (1985-2016) was conducted with keywords "meth mouth," "methamphetamine AND oral health"; "methamphetamine AND dental"; "methamphetamine AND dentist...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422460/an-evaluation-of-plaque-and-gingivitis-reduction-following-home-use-of-sonicare-flexcare-platinum-with-premium-plaque-control-brush-head-and-a-manual-toothbrush
#18
Wendy Jenkins, Sonia Souza, Marilyn Ward, Jodi Defenbaugh, Kimberly R Milleman, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of the Philips Sonicare FlexCare Platinum with Premium plaque control brush head on gingival inflammation, bleeding, and supragingival plaque reduction following a six-week period of home use compared to a manual toothbrush. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-blind, parallel-design clinical trial. Subjects included in the study were routine manual toothbrush users who were generally healthy non-smokers, aged 18-65 years, with mild to moderate gingivitis...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404475/exploring-the-short-term-impact-of-community-water-fluoridation-cessation-on-children-s-dental-caries-a-natural-experiment-in-alberta-canada
#19
L McLaren, S Patterson, S Thawer, P Faris, D McNeil, M L Potestio, L Shwart
OBJECTIVES: Dental caries (tooth decay) is common and can be serious. Dental caries is preventable, and community water fluoridation is one means of prevention. There is limited current research on the implications of fluoridation cessation for children's dental caries. Our objective was to explore the short-term impact of community water fluoridation cessation on children's dental caries, by examining change in caries experience in population-based samples of schoolchildren in two Canadian cities, one that discontinued community water fluoridation and one that retained it...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401141/knowledge-attitude-willingness-and-readiness-of-primary-health-care-providers-to-provide-oral-health-services-to-children-in-niagara-ontario-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Sonica Singhal, Rafael Figueiredo, Sandy Dupuis, Rachel Skellet, Tara Wincott, Carolyn Dyer, Andrea Feller, Carlos Quiñonez
BACKGROUND: Most children are exposed to medical, but not dental, care at an early age, making primary health care providers an important player in the reduction of tooth decay. The goal of this research was to understand the feasibility of using primary health care providers in promoting oral health by assessing their knowledge, attitude, willingness and readiness in this regard. METHODS: Using the Dillman method, a mail-in cross-sectional survey was conducted among all family physicians and pediatricians in the Niagara region of Ontario who have primary contact with children...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
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