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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027879/emerging-ethical-issues-in-restorative-dentistry
#1
John W Nicholson
This article reviews some of the merging ethical issues in restorative dentistry. This is a branch of healthcare concerned with quality of life, since retention of functioning teeth is important in allowing a healthy diet to be consumed. Yet the supply of dentists is such that, in many of the world's poorest countries, extraction is the only viable option for treating tooth decay. Available repair materials present various ethical problems. Silver amalgam is being phased out in much of the world, because of environmental concerns with mercury, yet it is cheap and reliable...
October 13, 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021979/everybody-brush-consumer-satisfaction-with-a-tooth-decay-prevention-program
#2
Joana Cunha-Cruz, Colleen E Huebner, Sharity Ludwig, Jeanne Dysert, Melissa Mitchell, Gary Allen, R Mike Shirtcliff, JoAnna M Scott, Peter Milgrom
INTRODUCTION: Twice-daily caregiver-supervised toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste is an effective and widely recommended strategy to prevent tooth decay in children. Qualitative research suggests that low-income caregivers know the recommendation but would benefit from toothbrushing supplies and advice about how to introduce this health behavior especially as the child becomes older and asserts autonomy to do it "myself." Our objective is to assess consumer satisfaction with the evidence-based theory-informed campaign and usefulness of materials that were home delivered...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994462/limitations-of-fluoridation-effectiveness-studies-lessons-from-alberta-canada
#3
Christopher Neurath, James S Beck, Hardy Limeback, W Gary Sprules, Michael Connett, Bill Osmunson, Donald R Davis
A paper published in this journal, "Measuring the short-term impact of fluoridation cessation on dental caries in Grade 2 children using tooth surface indices," by McLaren et al had shortcomings in study design and interpretation of results, and did not include important pertinent data. Its pre-post cross-sectional design relied on comparison of decay rates in two cities: Calgary, which ceased fluoridation, and Edmonton, which maintained fluoridation. Dental health surveys conducted in both cities about 6...
October 10, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982347/outcome-measures-for-oral-health-based-on-clinical-assessments-and-claims-data-feasibility-evaluation-in-practice
#4
Riët Hummel, Josef Bruers, Onno van der Galiën, Wil van der Sanden, Geert van der Heijden
BACKGROUND: It is well known that treatment variation exists in oral healthcare, but the consequences for oral health are unknown as the development of outcome measures is still in its infancy. The aim of this study was to identify and develop outcome measures for oral health and explore their performance using health insurance claims records and clinical data from general dental practices. METHODS: The Dutch healthcare insurance company Achmea collaborated with researchers, oral health experts, and general dental practitioners (GDPs) in a proof of practice study to test the feasibility of measures in general dental practices...
October 5, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969276/in-vitro-evaluation-of-enamel-microhardness-after-application-of-two-types-of-fluoride-varnish
#5
Fatemeh Molaasadolah, Solmaz Eskandarion, Atieh Ehsani, Meysam Sanginan
INTRODUCTION: Use of fluoride compounds is one of the most effective ways of preventing decay and among these varnishes have high acceptance among different fluoride products. AIM: Hence, the aim of this research was to evaluate the micro-hardness of tooth enamel after the usage of two different commercial products of fluoride varnish. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in vitro experimental study was performed on 51 extracted premolar teeth. The teeth were divided randomly into three 17-membered groups...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959764/antimicrobial-effect-of-copper-oxide-nanoparticles-on-some-oral-bacteria-and-candida-species
#6
M Amiri, Z Etemadifar, A Daneshkazemi, M Nateghi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Acid producing bacteria including Streptococcus mutans and lactobacilli cause tooth demineralization and lead to tooth decay. Also, oral colonization of the species of Candida has been reported in many studies that are resistant to antifungal agents. OBJECTIVES: In this study, antibacterial and antifungal effects of nano-CuO were studied against some oral bacteria and yeast fungi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) for oral bacterial and fungal test strains were determined in 96-well microtiter plate technique...
March 2017: J Dent Biomater
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956292/caries-prevalence-and-distribution-in-individuals-aged-3-20%C3%A2-years-in-j%C3%A3-nk%C3%A3-ping-sweden-trends-over-40%C3%A2-years
#7
G Koch, A N Helkimo, C Ullbro
AIM: To present and analyse changes in caries prevalence and caries distribution in child population sample groups in the city of Jönköping, Sweden, based on investigations performed in 1973, 1978, 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013. METHODS: At each investigation, the study population included about 500 randomly sampled individuals, divided into age groups of 3, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years. The oral health status of all individuals was clinically and radiographically examined by trained paediatric dentists...
September 27, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955704/busting-the-baby-teeth-myth-and-increasing-children-s-consumption-of-tap-water-building-public-will-for-children-s-oral-health-in-colorado
#8
Wyatt C Hornsby, William Bailey, Patricia A Braun, Karl Weiss, James Heichelbech
QUESTION: Can a multifaceted statewide communications campaign motivate behavior change in low-income Colorado families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase children's consumption of tap water to prevent tooth decay? PURPOSE: Caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood, affecting 40% of kindergartners and 55% of third graders in Colorado. Frequent consumption of 100% fruit juice is linked to childhood caries. The purpose of this campaign, "Cavities Get Around," was to motivate families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase consumption of tap water to protect baby teeth from caries, while also building public will for children's oral health...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944126/oral-hygiene-practices-and-teeth-cleaning-techniques-among-medical-students
#9
Sajida Naseem, Syeda H Fatima, Haider Ghazanfar, Sana Haq, Najeeb A Khan, Moeez Mehmood, Ali Ghazanfar
Objectives Oral health is essential for general health and quality of life. It is a state of being free from mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral infections and sores, periodontal disease, tooth decay, tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that limit an individual's capacity to bite, chew, smile, and speak; it affects psychosocial well-being too. The objective of our study was to assess teeth cleaning techniques and oral hygiene practices among medical students. Methods The data of the study were collected in two stages...
July 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932154/malpositioned-canine-treatment-with-autotransplantation-and-laser
#10
Serap Keskin Tunc, Mehmet Savas Kayasan, Esma Ozeroglu, Cennet Neslihan Eroglu
Children and young adults often have tooth loss due to congenital tooth deficiency, trauma, or caries. Autotransplantation has many benefits. The transplanted tooth can be moved orthodontically, maintains alveolar bone growth potential during eruption, and functional periodontal ligament function also permits tooth eruption, allows the defected areas to be filled with the bones; gingival contour is much more successful than the one obtained with prosthesis. In this paper, treatment steps and follow-up results of autotransplantation case supported with biostimulation are mentioned...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932147/assessment-of-the-oral-health-status-of-asthmatic-children
#11
Abla Arafa, Salwa Aldahlawi, Adel Fathi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health status and salivary composition in a group of children suffering from bronchial asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of sixty asthmatic children, sixty healthy negative controls, and sixty healthy positive controls of both sexes with age ranging from 4 to 12 years old. The asthmatics were grouped according to disease severity into mild, moderate, or severe asthmatic. All the children were clinically examined to assess their dental caries experience (decayed, indicated for extraction, and filled primary tooth [def] and decayed-missing-filled permanent tooth [DMF]), dental erosion condition (tooth wear index), and gingival health condition (gingival index [GI])...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930642/microbial-complexes-and-caries-in-17-year-olds-with-and-without-streptococcus-mutans
#12
L Eriksson, P Lif Holgerson, A Esberg, I Johansson
Streptococcus mutans is a key bacterial species in the caries process, which affects >90% of the population worldwide. However, other acidogenic and aciduric/acidophilic species may contribute to disease development. In Sweden, a country with low prevalences of caries and S. mutans, a significant portion of caries-affected adolescents lack detectable levels of S. mutans. The objectives of the present study were 1) to characterize the tooth biofilm and saliva microbiota of adolescents with caries disease, with or without detectable S...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924033/rgpf-is-required-for-maintenance-of-stress-tolerance-and-virulence-in-streptococcus-mutans
#13
C J Kovacs, R C Faustoferri, R G Quivey
Bacterial cell wall dynamics have been implicated as important determinants of cellular physiology, stress tolerance and virulence. In Streptococcus mutans, the cell wall is composed primarily of a rhamnose-glucose polysaccharide (RGP) linked to the peptidoglycan. Despite extensive studies describing its formation and composition, the potential roles for RGP in S. mutans biology have not been well investigated. The present study characterizes the impact of RGP disruption as a result of deletion of rgpF, the gene encoding a rhamnosyltransferase involved in construction of the core poly-rhamnose backbone of RGP...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922571/interprofessional-oral-health-initiative-in-a-nondental-american-indian-setting
#14
Kate L Murphy, Laura S Larsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tooth decay is the most common chronic childhood disease and American Indian (AI) children are at increased risk. Pediatric primary care providers are in an opportune position to reduce tooth decay. The purpose of this study was to integrate and evaluate a pediatric oral health project in an AI, pediatric primary care setting. METHODS: The intervention set included caregiver education, caries risk assessment, and a same-day dental home referral...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914240/comparison-of-candida-species-isolated-from-children-with-and-without-early-childhood-caries-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#15
M S Beena, Faizal C Peedikayil, M B GufranAfmed, T P Chandru, K Soni, N Dhanesh
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is characterized by the presence of one or more decayed, missing (due to caries), or filled teeth surfaces in any primary tooth, in a child below 6 years of age. Although ECC is primarily associated with high levels of maternal Streptococcus mutans, there has been an increased interest in finding the relationship between oral fungal flora and dental caries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to identify and characterize the Candida species and to compare the candidal isolates in children with ECC and without ECC...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911982/upper-aerodigestive-tract-cancer-and-oral-health-status-before-radiotherapy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-154-patients
#16
A Raskin, M Ruquet, L Weiss-Pelletier, J Mancini, O Boulogne, J Michel, N Fakhry, J M Foletti, C Chossegros, R Giorgi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine primarily the oral health status of patients with upper aerodigestive tract cancer before radiotherapy, and secondarily the prevalence of risk factors for poor oral status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Marseille University hospital. Assessment criteria were the Decay, Missing and Filled (DMF) Index and periodontal status. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-four patients, mean age 60.9years, were included...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910250/the-1-of-emergency-room-visits-for-non-traumatic-dental-conditions-in-british-columbia-misconceptions-about-the-numbers
#17
Mario Brondani, Syed H Ahmad
In Canada, about 1% of all emergency room (ER) visits in a given year are made by patients with a primary diagnosis of a non-traumatic, non-urgent and yet preventable condition, such as tooth decay. This percentage is typically dismissed as irrelevant. Using 2013-2014 British Columbia data on ER use from the Canadian Institute for Health Information, however, we argue that the 1% figure (and its associated cost) has to be considered beyond its percentage value. In 2013-2014 alone, 12 357 non-traumatic dental visits were made to ERs in BC representing 1% of the total number of ER visits at a cost of $154...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910248/parents-online-discussions-about-children-s-dental-caries-a-critical-content-analysis
#18
Avery Milne, Cynthia A Weijs, Rebecca J Haines-Saah, Lindsay McLaren
OBJECTIVES: Through an analysis of postings to an online parenting forum, we aimed to explore the many ways in which parents orient to (i.e., take up, challenge, re-articulate) information about child dental health in the context of their online interactions. Our analysis is anchored in Nettleton's theoretical work on dental authority and power, which we apply in a digital context. METHODS: We examined discussion threads from the public online forums on BabyCenter Canada...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898732/poly-n-isopropylacrylamide-hydroxyapatite-nanocomposites-as-thermoresponsive-filling-materials-on-dentinal-surface-and-tubules
#19
Paolo Tempesti, Giovanni Simone Nicotera, Massimo Bonini, Emiliano Fratini, Piero Baglioni
HYPOTHESIS: Dental decay, asa consequence of exposure to acidic foods and drinks, represents one of the most important tooth pathologies. Recently, enamel and dentinal surface remineralization using hydroxyapatite nano- and microparticles has been proposed; however, commercial remineralizing toothpastes are quite expensive, mostly due to the high costs of hydroxyapatite. Hence, we propose a thermoresponsive hybrid nanocomposite material as filler for tooth defects. The use of thermoresponsive composite particles aims at filling exposed dentinal tubules in response to a change of temperature in the oral cavity...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895187/education-related-inequality-in-restorative-dental-treatment-need-over-11-years-in-two-areas-of-finland
#20
Eero Raittio, Miira M Vehkalahti, Sari Helminen, Anna L Suominen
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyse education-related inequality in restorative dental treatment need among adults aged 30 years and older living in Northern and Southern Finland in 2000 and 2011. METHODS: Data were taken from the Health 2000 and 2011 population-based follow-up surveys, including information gathered by interviews and clinical dental examination. Final effective sample sizes were 2423 people in 2000 and 1192 people in 2011. Restorative dental treatment need was measured with number of decayed and/or fractured teeth (DT + FrT)...
September 11, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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