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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441274/-meth-mouth-an-interdisciplinary-review-of-a-dental-and-psychiatric-condition
#1
Cornel N Stanciu, Magdalena Glass, Brian C Muzyka, Oliver M Glass
OBJECTIVE: Chronic methamphetamine (MA) users experience many dental problems, a condition characterized as "meth mouth." These devastating effects on dentition is the main reason why many seek professional help. Here, we discuss the effects of MA on oral health and advocate for improved collaboration between dentists and mental health providers. We also introduce a dental evaluation tool with the goal of improving the quality of care for this often-marginalized patient population. METHODS: A Medline literature search (1985-2016) was conducted with keywords "meth mouth," "methamphetamine AND oral health"; "methamphetamine AND dental"; "methamphetamine AND dentist...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422460/an-evaluation-of-plaque-and-gingivitis-reduction-following-home-use-of-sonicare-flexcare-platinum-with-premium-plaque-control-brush-head-and-a-manual-toothbrush
#2
Wendy Jenkins, Sonia Souza, Marilyn Ward, Jodi Defenbaugh, Kimberly R Milleman, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of the Philips Sonicare FlexCare Platinum with Premium plaque control brush head on gingival inflammation, bleeding, and supragingival plaque reduction following a six-week period of home use compared to a manual toothbrush. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-blind, parallel-design clinical trial. Subjects included in the study were routine manual toothbrush users who were generally healthy non-smokers, aged 18-65 years, with mild to moderate gingivitis...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404475/exploring-the-short-term-impact-of-community-water-fluoridation-cessation-on-children-s-dental-caries-a-natural-experiment-in-alberta-canada
#3
L McLaren, S Patterson, S Thawer, P Faris, D McNeil, M L Potestio, L Shwart
OBJECTIVES: Dental caries (tooth decay) is common and can be serious. Dental caries is preventable, and community water fluoridation is one means of prevention. There is limited current research on the implications of fluoridation cessation for children's dental caries. Our objective was to explore the short-term impact of community water fluoridation cessation on children's dental caries, by examining change in caries experience in population-based samples of schoolchildren in two Canadian cities, one that discontinued community water fluoridation and one that retained it...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401141/knowledge-attitude-willingness-and-readiness-of-primary-health-care-providers-to-provide-oral-health-services-to-children-in-niagara-ontario-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Sonica Singhal, Rafael Figueiredo, Sandy Dupuis, Rachel Skellet, Tara Wincott, Carolyn Dyer, Andrea Feller, Carlos Quiñonez
BACKGROUND: Most children are exposed to medical, but not dental, care at an early age, making primary health care providers an important player in the reduction of tooth decay. The goal of this research was to understand the feasibility of using primary health care providers in promoting oral health by assessing their knowledge, attitude, willingness and readiness in this regard. METHODS: Using the Dillman method, a mail-in cross-sectional survey was conducted among all family physicians and pediatricians in the Niagara region of Ontario who have primary contact with children...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394709/fissure-seal-or-fluoride-varnish-a-randomized-trial-of-relative-effectiveness
#5
I G Chestnutt, R Playle, S Hutchings, S Morgan-Trimmer, D Fitzsimmons, N Aawar, L Angel, S Derrick, C Drew, C Hoddell, K Hood, I Humphreys, N Kirby, T M M Lau, C Lisles, M Z Morgan, S Murphy, J Nuttall, K Onishchenko, C Phillips, T Pickles, C Scoble, J Townson, B Withers, B L Chadwick
Fissure sealant (FS) and fluoride varnish (FV) are effective in preventing dental caries when compared with a no-treatment control. However, the relative clinical effectiveness of these interventions is uncertain. The objective of the study was to compare the clinical effectiveness of FS and FV in preventing dental caries in first permanent molars (FPMs) in 6- to 7-y-olds. The study design was a randomized clinical trial, with 2 parallel arms. The setting was a targeted-population program that used mobile dental clinics in schools located within areas of high social and economic deprivation in South Wales...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392782/anti-biofilm-activity-of-a-self-aggregating-peptide-against-streptococcus-mutans
#6
Juliana M Ansari, Nabil M Abraham, Jenna Massaro, Kelsey Murphy, Jillian Smith-Carpenter, Erol Fikrig
Streptococcus mutans is the primary agent of dental cavities, in large part due to its ability to adhere to teeth and create a molecular scaffold of glucan polysaccharides on the tooth surface. Disrupting the architecture of S. mutans biofilms could help undermine the establishment of biofilm communities that cause cavities and tooth decay. Here we present a synthetic peptide P1, derived from a tick antifreeze protein, which significantly reduces S. mutans biofilm formation. Incubating cells with this peptide decreased biofilm biomass by approximately 75% in both a crystal violet microplate assay and an in vitro tooth model using saliva-coated hydroxyapatite discs...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384987/a-rare-case-of-twinning-involving-primary-maxillary-lateral-incisor-with-review-of-literature
#7
Santosh Hunasgi, Anila Koneru, Vardendra Manvikar, M Vanishree, Rudraraju Amrutha
Twinning is referred to the development of two separate teeth that arose from the complete separation of one tooth bud. To the best of our knowledge very few cases of twinning in primary or permanent dentition have been previously reported. Here, we report an additional case of twinning involving primary maxillary left lateral incisor and a literature review of clinical and radiographic findings of previous reported cases of gemination and twinning is also discussed. A six-year-old male patient reported to the dental clinic with the complaint of decay in the left front teeth region of the upper jaw...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367874/relationship-between-amount-of-overtime-work-and-untreated-decayed-teeth-in-male-financial-workers-in-japan
#8
Koichi Yoshino, Seitaro Suzuki, Yoichi Ishizuka, Atsushi Takayanagi, Naoki Sugihara, Hideyuki Kamijyo
OBJECTIVE: Continuous or frequent overtime work has been shown to have harmful effects on human health. Meanwhile, one of the main reasons for tooth loss is caries. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between overtime work and untreated decayed teeth in male financial workers. METHODS: The participants were recruited by applying screening procedures to a pool of Japanese registrants in an online database. Participants filled out a questionnaire about their oral health, behavior, and working conditions...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366234/probing-the-neutralization-behavior-of-zwitterionic-monomer-containing-dental-adhesive
#9
Linyong Song, Qiang Ye, Xueping Ge, Anil Misra, Candan Tamerler, Paulette Spencer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the polymerization kinetics, neutralization behavior, and mechanical properties of amine-functionalized dental adhesive cured in the presence of zwitterionic monomer, methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC). METHODS: The control adhesive was a mixture based on HEMA/BisGMA/2-N-morpholinoethyl methacrylate (MEMA) (40/30/30, w/w/w). The control and experimental formulations containing MPC were characterized with regard to water miscibility of liquid resins, photopolymerization kinetics, water sorption and solubility, dynamic mechanical properties and leachables from the polymers (aged in ethanol)...
May 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365809/randomised-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-changes-in-dentine-tubule-occlusion-following-4%C3%A2-weeks-use-of-an-occluding-toothpaste
#10
Joon Seong, Charles P Parkinson, Maria Davies, Nicholas C A Claydon, Nicola X West
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to determine whether a silicone impression material could precisely replicate dentine tubule changes following 4 weeks toothbrushing with occluding or non-occluding toothpaste and whether changes reflected hypersensitivity clinical assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single site, examiner blind, parallel, two treatment arm, randomised clinical trial. Participants were healthy, ≥18, with ≥1 sensitive tooth with exposed dentine, Schiff sensitivity score ≥2, and patent tubules with dentine occlusion score 4-5 as determined by scanning electron microscopy of replica impressions...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358035/oral-health-status-in-sichuan-province-findings-from-the-oral-health-survey-of-sichuan-2015-2016
#11
Wei Yin, Ying-Ming Yang, Hong Chen, Xue Li, Zhuo Wang, Li Cheng, Qiu-Dan Yin, Hong-Zhi Fang, Wei Fei, Fang-Lin Mi, Min-Hai Nie, Tao Hu, Xue-Dong Zhou
To investigate oral health status in the residents of Sichuan Province, southwest China, a cross-sectional study was performed using the latest Oral Health Survey Basic Methods recommended by the World Health Organization. A multistage stratified random cluster-sampling method was used to enroll participants from the following three groups: children aged 3-5 years, adolescents aged 12 years, and people aged 65-74 years. In these three groups, the mean numbers of teeth that were affected by caries were 3.28, 0...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345213/caries-experience-of-children-in-primary-schools-with-long-term-tooth-brushing-programs-a-pilot-australian-study
#12
T Cakar, L Harrison-Barry, M L Pukallus, S Kazoullis, W K Seow
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate a primary school-based tooth brushing (TB) program conducted in a low socio-economic area of Queensland, Australia, to determine its effectiveness in reducing caries. METHODS: Records kept at the central dental clinic of the district were used to analyse the caries experience (decayed, missing, filled teeth [dmft/DMFT]) and caries prevalence in children from two schools with long-term TB programs (TB) (N=1191) and three Non-TB schools (N=553)...
March 26, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344574/health-associated-niche-inhabitants-as-oral-probiotics-the-case-of-streptococcus-dentisani
#13
Arantxa López-López, Anny Camelo-Castillo, María D Ferrer, Áurea Simon-Soro, Alex Mira
Oral diseases, including dental caries and periodontitis, are among the most prevalent diseases worldwide and develop as a consequence of a microbial dysbiosis. Several bacterial strains are being tested as potential oral health-promoting organisms, but usually they are species isolated from niches other than the site where they must exert its probiotic action, typically from fecal samples. We hypothesize that oral inhabitants associated to health conditions will be more effective than traditional, gut-associated probiotic species in key aspects such as colonization of the oral site where disease takes place or the possession of oral health promoting functions, as well as more practical issues like safety and toxicity, and establishing proper doses for administration...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336976/the-hall-technique-10-years-on-questions-and-answers
#14
N P T Innes, D J P Evans, C C Bonifacio, M Geneser, D Hesse, M Heimer, M Kanellis, V Machiulskiene, J Narbutaité, I C Olegário, A Owais, M P Araujo, D P Raggio, C Splieth, E van Amerongen, K Weber-Gasparoni, R M Santamaria
It is ten years since the first paper on the Hall Technique was published in the British Dental Journal and almost 20 years since the technique first came to notice. Dr Norna Hall a (now retired) general dental practitioner from the north of Scotland had, for many years, been managing carious primary molar teeth by cementing preformed metal crowns over them, with no local anaesthesia, tooth preparation or carious tissue removal. This first report, a retrospective analysis of Dr Hall's treatments, caused controversy...
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321337/salivary-distinctiveness-and-modifications-in-males-with-diabetes-and-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#15
Loai Aljerf, Iyad Alhaffar
Oral diseases associated with systematic diseases as metabolic and vasculitic have been included in this paper. This will enhance our understanding of the salivary function in promoting healthy oral condition. The study investigates the effects of type I and type II diabetes mellitus in well-controlled diabetic patients, in addition to Behçet disease (BD) on saliva flow rate (SFR), pH, the decay, missing, and filled tooth (DMFT) index, glucose, and major earth-alkaline ions (Ca(2+) and Mg(2+)) compared to healthy males and age-matched controls...
2017: Biochemistry Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316764/the-association-between-oral-hygiene-and-gastric-pathology-in-patients-with-dyspepsia-a-cross-sectional-study-in-southeast-iran
#16
Leili Zahedi, Elham Jafari, Molook Torabi Parizi, Sara Shafieipour, Mehdi Hayat Bakhsh Abbasi, Sodaif Darvish Moghadam, Mohammad Javad Zahedi
BACKGROUND Many studies have reported an association between periodontal infections and some systemic diseases such as respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Some studies found a direct association between chronic gastritis caused by Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and poor periodontal health. METHODS In a cross-sectional study from November 2014 to December 2015 in Kerman, the largest province in southeast Iran, patients with dyspepsia who were candidate for diagnostic upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy were included in our study...
January 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299855/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-poor-oral-health-and-substance-abuse
#17
REVIEW
Hooman Baghaie, Steve Kisely, Malcolm Forbes, Emily Sawyer, Dan J Siskind
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Substance use disorders are associated commonly with comorbid physical illness. There are fewer data on dental disease in these conditions, in spite of high rates of dry mouth (xerostomia), as well as the associated indirect or life-style effects such as poverty and lack of access to care. We compared the oral health of people with substance use disorders (SUDs) with non-using controls. METHOD: This was a systematic search for studies from the last 35 years of the oral health of people reporting SUDs...
March 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288222/-the-benefits-of-breastfeeding-and-associated-risks-of-replacement-with-baby-formulas
#18
Paulina Brahm, Verónica Valdés
Breastfeeding is the nourishment designed by nature for the newborn and the infant; however its prevalence is nowadays not optimal. The aim of this article is to review the current evidence of the benefits of breastfeeding for children and society, and to elaborate the risks associated with the replacement of lactation with baby formulas. Breastfeeding is a protective factor for several infectious, atopic, and cardiovascular diseases as well as for leukaemia, necrotising enterocolitis, celiac disease, and inflammatory bowel disease...
February 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266116/global-epidemiology-of-dental-caries-and-severe-periodontitis-a-comprehensive-review
#19
Jo E Frencken, Praveen Sharma, Laura Stenhouse, David Green, Dominic Laverty, Thomas Dietrich
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and periodontitis are the most common oral diseases and major causes of tooth loss. AIM: To perform a review of global prevalence and incidence of dental caries and periodontitis. METHODOLOGY: Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed. MEDLINE database and EMBASE database were used to search for eligible publications using keywords and MeSH terms. Additionally, WHO databank was used for obtaining dental caries information and PUBMED for a search on trends of dental caries prevalence and severity...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253584/-comparison-of-long-term-dental-treatment-effects-of-children-treated-under-general-anesthesia-and-passive-restraint
#20
F Zhou, B Xia, S Zhang, W L Ma, Y M Xiao, L H Ge
Objective: To compare the long-term dental treatment effects, oral health habits and oral-health-related qualities of life of children treated under general anesthesia (GA) and passive restraint (PR), respectively. Methods: Twenty seven 2 to 4-year-old children treated under GA and thirty four children treated under PR were recruited in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Up to 2 years after the treatment, a follow up assessment was conducted. The data of general information, dental plaque level and the unplanned treatments were recorded and analyzed...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
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