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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659683/review-of-100-fruit-juice-and-chronic-health-conditions-implications-for-sugar-sweetened-beverage-policy
#1
Brandon J Auerbach, Sepideh Dibey, Petra Vallila-Buchman, Mario Kratz, James Krieger
Whether or not drinking 100% fruit juice causes poor health is controversial. Although 100% fruit juice may contain as much sugar as regular soda, it provides needed nutrients to Americans' diets. We systematically reviewed the current evidence of the association of 100% fruit juice consumption and chronic health conditions in children and adults. We focused on data from systematic reviews and meta-analyses about cardiometabolic health outcomes, liver disease, and caries. Aside from increased risk of tooth decay in children and small amounts of weight gain in young children and adults, there is no conclusive evidence that consumption of 100% fruit juice has adverse health effects...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659350/does-dental-caries-affect-dental-development-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Brunilda Dhamo, Besiana Elezi, Lea Kragt, Eppo B Wolvius, Edwin M Ongkosuwito
Although a link between dietary changes, caries, and dental development has been observed, the literature provides little insight about this relationship. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between dental caries and dental development in a clinical sample of Albanian children and adolescents. In total, 118 children and adolescents, born between 1995 and 2004 and aged 6-15 years, were included. Dental caries in the deciduous dentition was assessed using the Decayed, Filled Teeth (dft) index and dental caries in the permanent dentition was assessed using the Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index...
April 6, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658951/prevalence-of-plaque-and-dental-decay-in-the-first-permanent-molar-in-a-school-population-of-south-mexico-city
#3
Olga Taboada-Aranza, Karen Rodríguez-Nieto
Background: The first permanent molar is susceptible to acquire tooth decay since its eruption, due to its anatomy and because it has been exposed before other teeth. Method: An observational, prolective, transversal and comparative study in 194 students, with an average age of 9.9 ± 1.8 years. The evaluation of the dentobacterial plate (DBP) was analyzed using the O'Leary index and the tooth decay experience with the DMFS (sum of decayed, missing, extracted and filling dental surfaces) and DMFT (sum of decayed, missing, extracted and filling per tooth) indexes...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652018/restricted-mouth-opening-and-its-definitive-management-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Bhushan Kumar, Aquaviva Fernandes, Prabhdeep Kaur Sandhu
Purpose: This review was intended to discuss the various possible modifications suggested in the literature for prosthetic steps and surgical corrective procedures in nonresponding or complicated cases during rehabilitation of patients with restricted mouth opening. Material and Methods: Medline, PubMed, and Google were searched electronically for articles using keywords: microstomia and treatment options for restricted mouth opening. The various articles on prosthodontic rehabilitation in microstomia were segregated...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643532/-three-year-clinical-effects-of-a-modified-semi-fixed-bridge-on-restoring-a-missing-posterior-tooth
#5
J Tan, X X Wei, Q H Zhang, Y S Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of a modified semi-fixed bridge to restore a missing posterior tooth for three years. METHODS: In the study, 38 cases with a posterior tooth missed were chosen as experiment group. The inclusion criteria for these cases required that one abutment tooth be defected, and another abutment intact. The missed posterior tooth was restored with a modified semi-fixed bridge in which a metal wing retainer was applied to the intact abutment tooth and a full crown retainer was applied to the defected abutment tooth, and the non-rigid connector linked to the metal wing retainer and the pontic, while the rigid connector linked to the full crown retainer and the pontic...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629329/relationship-between-physicochemical-properties-of-saliva-and-dental-caries-and-periodontal-status-among-female-teachers-living-in-central-iran
#6
Amene Hosseini-Yekani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Mehrdad Vossoughi, Javad Zavvar Reza, Ali Golkari
Objectives: There are inconsistent data about the association between saliva properties, dental caries, and periodontal status. In this study, we tried to examine the association between dental caries and periodontal status with salivary viscosity, flow rate, pH, and buffering capacity in adults. Methods: In the present cross-sectional study, 450 female teachers were randomly selected from schools located in Yazd, Iran. Oral examinations were conducted, and unstimulated saliva samples were collected...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623011/assessment-of-oral-and-dental-health-status-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-an-exploratory-study
#7
Nabila A Sedky
Objectives: Evaluating oral and dental health status in Egyptian children with cerebral palsy (CP) in relation to gross motor skills and types of CP. Methods: A Cross-sectional study was conducted at el-Shatby Hospital for Children, Alexandria-Egypt. Oral examination for 62 children with CP between the age ranges 3-12 years was performed and decay missing filling-tooth/decay filling-tooth (DMFT/dft), simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), and modified gingival index (MGI) indices were charted...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600870/integrating-caries-management-by-risk-assessment-cambra-and-prevention-strategies-into-the-contemporary-dental-practice
#8
Peter Rechmann, Richard Kinsel, John D B Featherstone
In the past, the dental profession has adhered to a rigid tenet: remove decay from a tooth and then restore, a mindset that has been proverbially dubbed as "drill and fill." Today, dental caries is recognized as an infectious disease that affects children and adults throughout life. The philosophy of CAries Management By Risk Assessment, or CAMBRA®, represents a paradigm shift. The CAMBRA concept provides the dentist with scientific, evidence-based solutions with which to approach treatment of dental caries disease...
April 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587715/comparative-effectiveness-of-school-based-caries-prevention-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Ryan Richard Ruff, Richard Niederman
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the world's most prevalent childhood disease. School-based caries prevention can reduce the risk of childhood caries by increasing access to care. However, the optimal mix of treatment services, intensity, and frequency of care is unknown. METHODS: Data were derived from two prospective cohorts of US children participating in two caries prevention programs with different treatment intensities. One program provided primary and secondary prevention (glass ionomer sealants and interim therapeutic restorations) and one primary prevention only (glass ionomer sealants), both given twice yearly in six-month intervals...
March 27, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569610/new-advice-on-feeding-and-weaning-babies-to-reduce-tooth-decay-risk
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569460/dental-sealants-part-1-prevention-first
#11
S Colombo, L Paglia
Tooth decay is still one of the most common chronic childhood diseases in the world, even if during the last five decades measures to combat dental caries have been developed, tested and applied in many populations. Preventive care and education programmes are essential to keeping children's mouths healthy. Within the prevention methods, dental sealants play an important role in preventing the onset and the development of dental cavities.
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568803/school-based-caries-prevention-tooth-decay-and-the-community-environment
#12
R R Ruff, R Niederman
The school and community context can contribute to inequity in child oral health. Whether the school and community affect the effectiveness of school-based caries prevention is unknown. The association between the school and community environment and dental caries, as well as their moderating effects with school-based caries prevention, was assessed using multilevel mixed-effects regression. Data were derived from a 6-y prospective cohort study of children participating in a school-based caries prevention program...
April 2018: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559836/orofacial-manifestations-and-temporomandibular-disorders-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-an-observational-study
#13
Vito Crincoli, Mariasevera Di Comite, Mariateresa Guerrieri, Rossana Patricia Rotolo, Luisa Limongelli, Angela Tempesta, Florenzo Iannone, Angela Rinaldi, Giovanni Lapadula, Gianfranco Favia
AIMS : Sjӧgren Syndrome is a disorder involving oral tissues, with xerostomia, dysgeusia, dysphagia, tooth decay, gingivitis, angular cheilitis and glossitis. Temporomandibular disorders are a generic term referred to clinical conditions involving the jaw muscles and temporomandibular joint. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral manifestations and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in Sjӧgren Syndrome (SS) patients compared with healthy people. METHODS : The study group included 72 SS patients (2 men, 70 women) diagnosed according to the American-European Consensus Group (AECG) Criteria...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558062/challenges-associated-with-implementation-of-a-school-based-tooth-brushing-and-fluoride-varnish-programme-in-a-diverse-and-transient-urban-population
#14
J Burgess-Allen, M Braithwaite, S Whiston
Public health competencies being illustrated; Planning, delivery and evaluation of health improvement programmes, addressing health inequalities, awareness of cultural impacts on health and wellbeing. Smile4Life, a schools-based, evidence informed oral health promotion programme, was designed to address high levels of oral health need and inequality within a UK City. The aims of the pilot described were to test the feasibility of delivering the programme (supervised tooth-brushing, take home kits, educational resources and application of fluoride varnish) in six culturally diverse schools in disadvantaged neighbourhoods, and evaluate its impact on caries prevalence...
March 20, 2018: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553408/factors-related-to-high-dental-caries-experience-in-palestinian-pregnant-women-in-the-jerusalem-governorate-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Elham Kateeb, Elizabeth Momany
BACKGROUND: Beliefs about oral health during pregnancy demographic factors, such as level of education and socioeconomic status, are associated with an increased risk of oral diseases during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the oral health status of pregnant women and the relation to the women's oral health knowledge, beliefs, behaviour, and access to dental care. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, pregnant women visiting pre-natal care clinics at the Palestinian Ministry of Health centres in the Jerusalem governorate were invited to complete a structured interview with questions about beliefs about oral health care and their oral hygiene practices...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533942/biology-explaining-tooth-repair-and-regeneration-a-mini-review
#16
Anamaria Balic
The tooth is an intricate composition of precisely patterned, mineralized matrices and soft tissues. Mineralized tissues include enamel (produced by the epithelial cells called ameloblasts), dentin and cementum (produced by mesenchymal cells called odontoblasts and cementoblasts, respectively), and soft tissues, which include the dental pulp and the periodontal ligament along with the invading nerves and blood vessels. It was perceived for a very long time that teeth primarily serve an esthetical function. In recent years, however, the role of healthy teeth, as well as the impact of oral health on general well-being, became more evident...
March 13, 2018: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532549/a-novel-role-for-cilia-dependent-sonic-hedgehog-signaling-during-submandibular-gland-development
#17
Kelsey H Elliott, Grethel Millington, Samantha A Brugmann
BACKGROUND: Submandibular glands (SMGs) are specialized epithelial structures which generate saliva necessary for mastication and digestion. Loss of SMGs can lead to inflammation, oral lesions, fungal infections, problems with chewing/swallowing, and tooth decay. Understanding the development of the SMG is important for developing therapeutic options for patients with impaired SMG function. Recent studies have suggested Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling in the epithelium plays an integral role in SMG development; however, the mechanism by which Shh influences gland development remains nebulous...
March 13, 2018: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510696/disparities-in-untreated-caries-among-children-and-adults-in-the-u-s-2011-2014
#18
Niodita Gupta, Marko Vujicic, Cassandra Yarbrough, Brittany Harrison
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act of 2010 increased dental coverage for children in the United States, (U.S.) but not for adults. Few studies in current scholarship make use of up-to-date, nationally representative data to examine oral health disparities in the U.S. POPULATION: The purpose of this study is to use nationally representative data to determine the prevalence of untreated caries among children and adults of different socioeconomic and racial/ethnic groups and to examine the factors associated with untreated caries among children and adults...
March 6, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478454/fluorides-and-other-preventive-strategies-for-tooth-decay
#19
REVIEW
Jeremy A Horst, Jason M Tanzer, Peter M Milgrom
We focus on scalable public health interventions that prevent and delay the development of caries and enhance resistance to dental caries lesions. These interventions should occur throughout the life cycle, and need to be age appropriate. Mitigating disease transmission and enhancing resistance are achieved through use of various fluorides, sugar substitutes, mechanical barriers such as pit-and-fissure sealants, and antimicrobials. A key aspect is counseling and other behavioral interventions that are designed to promote use of disease transmission-inhibiting and tooth resistance-enhancing agents...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457125/enhanced-differentiation-of-dental-pulp-cells-cultured-on-microtubular-polymer-scaffolds-in-vitro
#20
Morteza Haeri, Karen Sagomonyants, Mina Mina, Liisa T Kuhn, A Jon Goldberg
Dental caries (tooth decay) is the most common chronic disease. Dental tissue engineering is a promising alternative approach to alleviate the shortcomings of the currently available restorative materials. Mimicking the natural extracellular matrix (ECM) could enhance the performance of tissue engineering scaffolds. In this study, we developed microtubular (~20 μm diameter) polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) scaffolds resembling the tubular (~2.5 μm diameter) structure of dentin, the collagen-based mineralized tissue that forms the major portion of teeth, to study the effect of scaffold architecture on differentiation of mouse dental pulp cells in vitro ...
June 2017: Regenerative Engineering and Translational Medicine
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