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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209191/knowledge-of-caries-risk-factors-indicators-among-japanese-and-irish-adult-patients-with-different-socio-economic-profiles-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Makiko Nishi, Máiréad Harding, Virginia Kelleher, Helen Whelton, Finbarr Allen
BACKGROUND: A previous study has shown deficient knowledge of caries risk factors/indicators in a Japanese adult population regarded to have a high interest in preventive dentistry. No prior research has investigated caries risk knowledge in an Irish adult population. We hypothesise there may be unexpected differences or similarities in knowledge across countries with similar levels of economic development when comparing groups with different socio-economic and cultural profiles. Understanding what influences knowledge is important for the development of effective and efficient caries prevention strategies...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203009/-digital-imaging-fiber-optic-transillumination-difoti-method-for-determining-the-depth-of-cavity
#2
J L Yu, R T Tang, L Feng, Y M Dong
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the accuracy of the digital imaging fiber optic transillumination (DIFOTI) on diagnosis of caries lesions depth using DIAGNOcam system. METHODS: This experiment adopted self-matching design. Seventy-four extracted teeth (molar: sixty-six, premolar: eight) with one caries lesions in proximity which were not damaged in surface marginal ridge were selected. Dental calculus and dental stains were removed from the extracted teeth for standby application...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195340/preventive-benefit-of-access-to-fluoridated-water-for-young-adults
#3
A John Spencer, Pingzhou Liu, Jason Mathew Armfield, Loc Giang Do
: Water fluoridation has been repeatedly associated with lower caries experience in children but uncertainty still exists on strength and extent of the association into adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the preventive effect of access to fluoridated water on dental caries among young adults. METHODS: In 1991/92 a cross-section of South Australian children aged 5-17 were recruited. Parents provided information on residential history, socioeconomic status, and behaviors...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163849/evaluation-of-the-antibacterial-effects-of-aqueous-and-ethanolic-leaf-extracts-of-aloysia-citriodora-lemon-verbena-on-streptococcus-mutans-and-streptococcus-sobrinus
#4
Faranak Shafiee, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Zahra Shahandeh, Farhnaz Sadighian, Effat Khodadadi
INTRODUCTION: The Aloysia citriodora plant from the family of Verbenaceae has many uses in traditional medicine. The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of A. citriodora on Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus, which cause tooth decay. METHODS: This 2016 study was performed on standardized strains of S. mutans PTCC1683 and S. sobrinus PTCC1601 and clinical isolates. Twenty clinical samples were obtained from the dental caries of children admitted to the pediatric ward at the Faculty of Dentistry of Babol University of Medical Sciences (Babol, Iran)...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140718/innovations-in-oral-health-a-toolkit-for-interprofessional-education
#5
Maria C Dolce, Jessica L Parker, Debra T Werrlein
The integration of oral health competencies into non-dental health professions curricula can serve as an effective driver for interprofessional education (IPE). The purpose of this report is to describe a replicable oral-health-driven IPE model and corresponding online toolkit, both of which were developed as part of the Innovations in Oral Health (IOH): Technology, Instruction, Practice, and Service programme at Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, USA. Tooth decay is a largely preventable disease that is connected to overall health and wellness, and it affects the majority of adults and a fifth of children in the United States...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127315/relationship-between-different-types-and-forms-of-anti-asthmatic-medications-and-dental-caries-in-three-to-12-year-olds
#6
Alireza Heidari, Bahman Seraj, Mahdi Shahrabi, Hamideh Maghsoodi, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard, Tara Zarabian
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a common chronic disease. Asthma and anti-asthmatic medications have been suggested as risk factors for increased susceptibility to caries. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different types and forms of antihistaminic medications and the duration of drug consumption on the severity of dental caries in asthmatic children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Asthma and Allergy Department of Children's Medical Center in Tehran, Iran...
August 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127170/dental-caries-status-of-institutionalized-orphan-children-from-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#7
Aasim F Shah, Pradeep Tangade, T L Ravishankar, Amit Tirth, Sumit Pal, Manu Batra
INTRODUCTION: It has been well documented that the absence of family support influences the general and oral health of the children. Factors that lead to the development of disease at a given point in time are likely to have their roots in a complex chain of environmental events that may have begun years before. A number of studies have examined the relationship between dental caries and material deprivation and found a positive association between them. Though orphans contribute to 2% of world's population, literature regarding their oral health status is very scarce...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100415/a-10-year-trend-of-dental-treatments-under-general-anesthesia-of-children-in-taipei-veterans-general-hospital
#8
Yung-Pan Chen, Chun-Yi Hsieh, Wen-Ting Hsu, Fu-Ya Wu, Wen-Yu Shih
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia (GA) as a pediatric dental procedure is a well-established method of behavior management. However, studies of pediatric dentistry under GA have mostly focused on handicapped patients, and various retrospective studies in Taiwan have mainly reviewed only a limited number of years. The purpose of the present study was to report trends in pediatric dental treatment performed under GA over the past 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hospital records of patients receiving dental treatment under GA from 2006 until 2015 was performed...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096974/mortality-hospital-days-and-treatment-costs-of-current-and-reduced-sugar-consumption-in-israel
#9
Gary M Ginsberg
BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugar causes tooth decay, overweight and obesity related morbidities. This paper in response to the Minister of Health's request, provides estimates of the mortality, morbidity and health care costs attributable to sugar consumption in Israel along with the effects of reducing sugar consumption. METHODS: Gender specific relative risks of many diseases from overweight (25 < =BMI < 30) and obesity (BMI > =30) were applied to the national gender specific prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in order to calculate the population attributable fraction (PAF) from overweight and obesity...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092925/risk-based-management-of-dental-procedures-in-patients-with-inherited-bleeding-disorders-development-of-a-dental-bleeding-risk-assessment-and-treatment-tool-debratt
#10
L Rasaratnam, P Chowdary, D Pollard, B Subel, C Harrington, U R Darbar
INTRODUCTION: Successful outcomes in dental management for patients with inherited bleeding disorders require close collaboration between haematology teams and dentists. AIM: To review outcomes of an interdisciplinary pathway for dental procedures by assessing adequacy and appropriateness of haemostatic management. METHODS: Two hundred dental procedures in 30 patients with inherited bleeding disorders were included. A Dental Bleeding Risk Assessment and Treatment Tool (DeBRATT) was developed to identify four categories of bleeding risk (no risk, low, moderate and high risk of bleeding) in relation to the severity of the bleeding disorder and the invasiveness of dental procedure...
January 16, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092105/effectiveness-of-water-fluoridation-in-the-prevention-of-dental-caries-across-adult-age-groups
#11
Loc Do, Diep Ha, Marco A Peres, John Skinner, Roy Byun, A John Spencer
BACKGROUND: Lifetime access to fluoridated water (FW) is associated with lower caries experience. However, assessing this association in adults is likely affected by age. Cohort stratification and categorization of per cent lifetime access to fluoridated water (% LAFW) within cohorts are current approaches to this assessment. These approaches require an examination of the % LAFW and caries experience variation within and across age groups and their association to inform future analyses...
January 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077491/sphingosine-1-phosphate-lyase-deficiency-causes-charcot-marie-tooth-neuropathy
#12
Derek Atkinson, Jelena Nikodinovic Glumac, Bob Asselbergh, Biljana Ermanoska, David Blocquel, Regula Steiner, Alejandro Estrada-Cuzcano, Kristien Peeters, Tinne Ooms, Els De Vriendt, Xiang-Lei Yang, Thorsten Hornemann, Vedrana Milic Rasic, Albena Jordanova
OBJECTIVE: To identify the unknown genetic cause in a nuclear family with an axonal form of peripheral neuropathy and atypical disease course. METHODS: Detailed neurologic, electrophysiologic, and neuropathologic examinations of the patients were performed. Whole exome sequencing of both affected individuals was done. The effect of the identified sequence variations was investigated at cDNA and protein level in patient-derived lymphoblasts. The plasma sphingoid base profile was analyzed...
January 11, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076542/-dental-decay-in-5-year-old-children-sociodemographic-factors-monitoring-points-and-parental-attitudes
#13
Vinícius Humberto Nunes, Gimol Benzaquen Perosa
Dental decay affects many children, especially those from the lower socioeconomic classes. In this cross-sectional study designed to investigate the role played by sociodemographic factors, parental attitudes, and monitoring points, which are an indicator of personal perception of what controls individual health, on the prevalence of tooth decay among 5-year-old pre-school children living in a midsized city in São Paulo, Brazil. The ceo-d index of 426 children was assessed; the parents reported sociodemographic characteristics and completed two questionnaires concerning monitoring points and parental attitudes...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076495/antimicrobial-activity-of-ozone-and-naf-chlorhexidine-on-early-childhood-caries
#14
Marcos Ximenes, Mariane Cardoso, Fernando Astorga, Roland Arnold, Luiz André Pimenta, Ricardo de Sousa Viera
An early childhood carie (ECC) is an extremely destructive form of tooth decay. The aim of this study was to investigate the action of ozone (O3), and the association of sodium fluoride (NaF) with chlorhexidine (CHX) on bacteria related to ECC. Overnight culture of the bacteria was performed. On exponential phase the suspension was adjusted (101-108 CFU/mL). A drop (10μL) of each concentration of bacteria was applied on sheep blood agar plates and treated with O3 (2, 20, 200, and 2,000 ppm); after 18 hours, recovery analysis of CFU verified the reduction of bacterial activity...
January 5, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057060/u-shaped-association-between-untreated-caries-and-body-mass-index-in-adults-at-rabat-dental-university-hospital-morocco-cross-sectional-study
#15
Sanaa Chala, Manal El Aidouni, Redouane Abouqal, Faïza Abdallaoui
BACKGROUND: Many previous studies estimating the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and dental decay are conflicting. Most studies, however, examine the relationship using BMI as a categorical variable. This study evaluated the non-linear association between body mass index as a continuous variable and untreated dental decay. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of adults free of diseases attending a tertiary dental clinic was conducted. The number of untreated caries at the time of consultation was assessed using the WHO criteria...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052212/caries-prevalence-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-from-2000-to-2012
#16
Ah-Hyeon Kim, Youn-Soo Shim, Jong-Bin Kim, So-Youn An
OBJECTIVES: National oral health data is required to assess a population's oral health needs, monitor oral health, plan effective intervention community programs and health policies, and evaluate progress toward health objectives. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence, severity, and inequality in dental caries distribution among Korean young people. STUDY DESIGN: Trained, calibrated examiners at the Korea Ministry of Health & Welfare conducted epidemiological surveys in 2000, 2006, and 2012 during which dental caries were assessed according to World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049966/five-year-longitudinal-study-of-dental-caries-risk-associated-with-streptococcus-mutans-and-streptococcus-sobrinus-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities
#17
Yuki Oda, Fumiko Hayashi, Atsuko Wakita, Yukiko Nagatani, Mitsugi Okada
Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Streptococcus sobrinus (S. sobrinus) are important etiologic agents in human dental caries. Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assays for the presence of those strains, we examined 145 outpatients with intellectual disability (ID), calculated the proportion of each of these strains to total bacteria, and compared dental caries incidence over 5 years. Plaque samples were collected from all erupted tooth sites, and dental examinations were performed annually to determine numbers of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT score; World Health Organization caries diagnostic criteria)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045314/efficacy-of-a-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-cpp-acp-paste-in-preventing-white-spot-lesions-in-patients-with-fixed-orthodontic-appliances-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#18
E Esenlik, E Uzer Çelik, E Bolat
AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to test the efficacy of casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste applied in-office to prevent white spot lesions (WSL) in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: this study was designed as a randomised controlled clinical trial. Fifty-seven patients undergoing nonextraction fixed orthodontic treatment were enrolled and divided randomly into two groups (control n = 28, experimental n = 29)...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045312/black-stains-a-microbiological-analysis-and-a-view-on-familiarity-and-susceptibility-to-tooth-decay-of-patients-in-childhood
#19
D Tripodi, D Martinelli, M Pasini, M R Giuca, S D'Ercole
AIM: Assess prevalence, familial predisposition and susceptibility to caries of Black Stains (BS). Evaluate the microbiological composition of BS, saliva and subgingival plaque. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty nine subjects with BS (test group) and 120 subjects without BS (control group) were analysed for oral status. For each BS-patient, a BS-deposit, 1 ml of saliva and subgingival plaque were collected and microbiologically analysed. Five deciduous teeth with BS were observed under SEM...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025444/histological-evaluation-of-three-techniques-for-caries-removal
#20
Etienne Medioni, Jean-Paul Rocca, Carlo Fornaini, Elisabetta Merigo
A number of concepts and devices have been proposed for caries removal. Among these, the Er:YAG laser is a potential alternative to conventional mechanical treatment. This study compared the effectiveness of the Er:YAG laser with that of low-speed rotary instruments for removal of carious tissue in 26 extracted human molars and premolars with severe decay (i.e., large occlusal or proximal decay but no pulpal contact). The teeth were divided into three groups of eight teeth, and two teeth were used as controls...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
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