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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675766/the-relationship-between-sensorimotor-and-handwriting-performance-in-chinese-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Cecilia W P Li-Tsang, Tim M H Li, Choco H Y Ho, Mandy S W Lau, Howard W H Leung
Impaired sensorimotor control, as a common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), could be a driving factor to handwriting problems. This study examined the Chinese and English handwriting and sensorimotor skills of 15 ASD and 174 typically developing Chinese adolescents. Participants with ASD had lower writing speed and poor manual dexterity (MD) than the typically developing participants. MD was a significant mediator between ASD and handwriting speed. Ground time and airtime represent the length of time when the pen touches the paper and is held in air, respectively...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674012/interventional-radiology-operated-endoscopy-as-an-adjunct-to-image-guided-interventions
#2
REVIEW
Rajiv N Srinivasa, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Kyle Cooper, Ravi N Srinivasa
PURPOSE: Interventional radiology-operated endoscopy is an underused technique, which may have a significant impact on the ability to treat patients with a variety of conditions. The purpose of this article is to discuss the setup, equipment, and potential clinical uses of interventional radiology-operated endoscopy. METHODS: A number of new and innovative interventions may be performed in the biliary, genitourinary, and gastrointestinal systems through percutaneous access that interventional radiologists already create...
March 20, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671877/manual-dexterity-and-cognitive-outcome-after-neonatal-stroke
#3
Lucy Alderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653338/long-term-effects-of-adjunctive-perampanel-on-cognition-in-adolescents-with-partial-seizures
#4
Jesus E Piña-Garza, Lieven Lagae, Vicente Villanueva, J Ben Renfroe, Antonio Laurenza, Betsy Williams, Dinesh Kumar, Kimford J Meador
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term effects of adjunctive perampanel on cognition, efficacy, growth, safety, and tolerability in adolescents with inadequately controlled partial seizures. METHODS: Study 235, a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, Phase II study with an open-label extension phase (NCT01161524), was primarily designed to assess the effects of adjunctive perampanel on cognition. Patients (aged ≥12 to <18years) had a diagnosis of epilepsy with inadequately controlled partial seizures, with or without secondary generalization, despite receiving 1-3 antiepileptic drugs...
April 10, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652018/restricted-mouth-opening-and-its-definitive-management-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Bhushan Kumar, Aquaviva Fernandes, Prabhdeep Kaur Sandhu
Purpose: This review was intended to discuss the various possible modifications suggested in the literature for prosthetic steps and surgical corrective procedures in nonresponding or complicated cases during rehabilitation of patients with restricted mouth opening. Material and Methods: Medline, PubMed, and Google were searched electronically for articles using keywords: microstomia and treatment options for restricted mouth opening. The various articles on prosthodontic rehabilitation in microstomia were segregated...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624666/manual-dexterity-but-not-cerebral-palsy-predicts-cognitive-functioning-after-neonatal-stroke
#6
Guillaume Thébault, Sophie Martin, Denis Brouillet, Lionel Brunel, Mickaël Dinomais, Émilie Presles, Joel Fluss, Stéphane Chabrier
AIM: To disentangle the respective impacts of manual dexterity and cerebral palsy (CP) in cognitive functioning after neonatal arterial ischaemic stroke. METHOD: The population included 60 children (21 females, 39 males) with neonatal arterial ischaemic stroke but not epilepsy. The presence of CP was assessed clinically at the age of 7 years and 2 months (range 6y 11mo-7y 8mo) using the definition of the Surveillance of CP in Europe network. Standardized tests (Nine-Hole Peg Test and Box and Blocks Test) were used to quantify manual (finger and hand respectively) dexterity...
April 6, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606205/hominin-hand-bone-fossils-from-sterkfontein-caves-south-africa-1998-2003-excavations
#7
Travis Rayne Pickering, Jason L Heaton, Ron J Clarke, Dominic Stratford
We describe eleven hominin metacarpals and phalanges recovered from Jacovec Cavern and Member 4 of the Sterkfontein Formation between 1998 and 2003. Collectively, the fossils date in excess of 2.0 Ma, and are probably attributable to Australopithecus africanus and/or Australopithecus prometheus. When combined with results of previous studies on Australopithecus postcranial functional morphology, the new data presented here suggest that at least some late Pliocene and/or early Pleistocene hominins from Sterkfontein were arboreally adept...
May 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587537/preliminary-porcine-in-vivo-evaluation-of-a-telerobotic-system-for-transurethral-bladder-tumor-resection-surveillance
#8
Nima Sarli, Giuseppe Del Giudice, Smita De, Mary S Dietrich, S Duke Herrell, Nabil Simaan
INTRODUCTION: Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumors (TURBT) can be a challenging procedure, primarily due to limitations in tool-tip dexterity, visualization and lack of tissue depth information. A transurethral robotic system was developed to revolutionize TURBT by addressing some of these limitations. The results of three pilot in-vivo porcine studies using the novel robotic system are presented and potential improvements are proposed based on experimental observations. MATERIALS & METHODS: A transvesical endoscope with a mounted optically-tracked camera was placed through the bladder of the swine under general anesthesia...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559417/wrist-position-sense-acuity-and-its-relation-to-motor-dysfunction-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#9
Yu-Ting Tseng, Chia-Liang Tsai, Fu-Chen Chen, Jürgen Konczak
This study obtained objective measures of wrist position sense to verify that children with DCD have proprioceptive deficits. In addition, it examined the relationship of wrist proprioceptive impairment with fine motor and balance function. Twenty children with DCD and thirty typically developing children (TD) aged 10-11 years old were recruited and screened using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC-2). The DCD group had total MABC-2 score below 5th percentile, and TD group was above 25th percentile...
March 17, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556211/deficits-in-visuo-motor-temporal-integration-impacts-manual-dexterity-in-probable-developmental-coordination-disorder
#10
Satoshi Nobusako, Ayami Sakai, Taeko Tsujimoto, Takashi Shuto, Yuki Nishi, Daiki Asano, Emi Furukawa, Takuro Zama, Michihiro Osumi, Sotaro Shimada, Shu Morioka, Akio Nakai
The neurological basis of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is thought to be deficits in the internal model and mirror-neuron system (MNS) in the parietal lobe and cerebellum. However, it is not clear if the visuo-motor temporal integration in the internal model and automatic-imitation function in the MNS differs between children with DCD and those with typical development (TD). The current study aimed to investigate these differences. Using the manual dexterity test of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (second edition), the participants were either assigned to the probable DCD (pDCD) group or TD group...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545767/involuntary-neuromuscular-coupling-between-the-thumb-and-finger-of-stroke-survivors-during-dynamic-movement
#11
Christopher L Jones, Derek G Kamper
Finger-thumb coordination is crucial to manual dexterity but remains incompletely understood, particularly following neurological injury such as stroke. While being controlled independently, the index finger and thumb especially must work in concert to perform a variety of tasks requiring lateral or palmar pinch. The impact of stroke on this functionally critical sensorimotor control during dynamic tasks has been largely unexplored. In this study, we explored finger-thumb coupling during close-open pinching motions in stroke survivors with chronic hemiparesis...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545705/the-effect-of-fine-motor-skills-on-handwriting-legibility-in-preschool-age-children
#12
Sang-Min Seo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect that fine motor skills have on handwriting legibility in children of preschool age. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 52 children of normal growth and development. In order to ascertain handwriting legibility, a Korean alphabet writing assessment was used; to measure fine motor skills, fine motor precision and manual dexterity, sub-items of BOT-2 were measured. Furthermore, in order to measure in-hand manipulation skills, a Functional Dexterity Test was conducted...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541863/distribution-of-innate-psychomotor-skills-recognized-as-important-for-surgical-specialization-in-unconditioned-medical-undergraduates
#13
Andrea Moglia, Luca Morelli, Vincenzo Ferrari, Mauro Ferrari, Franco Mosca, Alfred Cuschieri
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest for a test assessing objectively the innate aptitude for surgery as a craft specialty to complement the current selection process of surgical residents. The aim of this study was to quantify the size of individuals with high, average, and low level of innate psychomotor skills among medical students. METHODS: A volunteer sample of 155 medical students, without prior experience with surgical simulator, executed five tasks at a virtual simulator for robot-assisted surgery...
March 14, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540748/structural-changes-in-hand-related-cortical-areas-after-median-nerve-injury-and-repair
#14
Per F Nordmark, Christina Ljungberg, Roland S Johansson
Transection of the median nerve typically causes lifelong restriction of fine sensory and motor skills of the affected hand despite the best available surgical treatment. Inspired by recent findings on activity-dependent structural plasticity of the adult brain, we used voxel-based morphometry to analyze the brains of 16 right-handed adults who more than two years earlier had suffered injury to the left or right median nerve followed by microsurgical repair. Healthy individuals served as matched controls. Irrespective of side of injury, we observed gray matter reductions in left ventral and right dorsal premotor cortex, and white matter reductions in commissural pathways interconnecting those motor areas...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528105/manual-dexterity-in-young-and-healthy-older-adults-1-age-and-gender-related-differences-in-unimanual-and-bimanual-performance
#15
Olena Vasylenko, Marta M Gorecka, Claudia Rodríguez-Aranda
This study aimed to better characterize age-related differences in dexterity by using an integrative approach where movement times and kinematics were measured for both hands. Forty-five young (age 19-31) and 55 healthy older adults (age 60-88) were evaluated during unimanual and bimanual performance of the Purdue Pegboard Test. Gender effects were also assessed. From video-recorded data, movement times and kinematics were obtained for reaching, grasping, transport, and inserting. Results showed that older adults had longer movement times for grasping and inserting with the right hand, and across all movements with the left hand...
March 12, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521577/mediating-effects-of-motor-performance-cardiorespiratory-fitness-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-on-the-associations-of-adiposity-and-other-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-with-academic-achievement-in-children
#16
Eero A Haapala, Niina Lintu, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Taisa Venäläinen, Anna-Maija Poikkeus, Timo Ahonen, Virpi Lindi, Timo A Lakka
We investigated the associations of cardiometabolic risk factors with academic achievement and whether motor performance, cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, or sedentary behaviour mediated these associations. Altogether 175 children 6-8 years-of-age participated in the study. We assessed body fat percentage (BF%), waist circumference, insulin, glucose, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, leptin, alanine aminotransferase, and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521574/the-manual-dexterity-of-nursing-students-and-factors-that-affect-it
#17
Hürmüs Kuzgun, Yıldız Denat
Abstarct Aim. The purpose of this study was to define the manual dexterity of nursing students and factors that affect it. METHODOLOGY: The sampling of this descriptive and analytical study was composed of 196 nursing students. The data collection tools were a survey and purdue pegboard test. RESULTS: The mean dominant hand dexterity scores of the students were determined to be 19.16±1.36; non-dominant hand dexterity scores, 17.04±1.43; mean both hands dexterity scores, 14...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518127/predicting-the-clinical-performance-of-dental-students-with-a-manual-dexterity-test
#18
Diva Lugassy, Yafi Levanon, Raphael Pilo, Asaf Shelly, Gal Rosen, Avi Meirowitz, Tamar Brosh
Dentists must be skilled when using dental mirrors. Working with mirrors requires spatial perception, bimanual coordination, perceptual learning and fine motor skills. Many studies have attempted to determine the predictors of manual skills among pre-clinical students, but consensus has yet to be reached. We hypothesized that valid and reliable occupational therapy test performance regarding indirect vision would differ between dental students and junior dentists and would explain the variance in manual skill performance in pre-clinical courses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499529/validation-of-edmonton-frail-scale-into-elderly-turkish-population
#19
Hülya Eskiizmirli Aygör, Çiçek Fadıloğlu, Sevnaz Şahin, Fisun Şenuzun Aykar, Fehmi Akçiçek
PURPOSE: The purpose of this methodological study was to assess the validity and reliability of Turkish version of the "Edmonton Frail Scale" (EFS). METHOD: 130 individuals aged 65 and over residing at the Izmir Narlıdere Nursing Home between September 2011 - April 2012 who agreed to participate in the study constituted the sample for the research. Individuals with communication problems (deafness, blindness or language barriers) and problems with manual dexterity were not included in the study...
February 16, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498421/manual-dexterity-in-young-and-healthy-older-adults-2-association-with-cognitive-abilities
#20
Olena Vasylenko, Marta M Gorecka, Claudia Rodríguez-Aranda
Currently, little is known about the cognitive constraints underlying manual dexterity decline in aging. Here, we assessed the relationship between cognitive function and dexterity in 45 young and 55 healthy older adults. Effects of gender on the cognition-dexterity association were also explored. Cognitive assessment comprised neuropsychological tests of executive function, working memory, attention, and memory. Dexterity assessment included evaluation of movement times and kinematics during performance of unimanual and bimanual tasks of the Purdue Pegboard Test...
March 2, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
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