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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532877/task-based-mirror-therapy-enhances-ipsilesional-motor-functions-in-stroke-a-pilot-study
#1
Kamal Narayan Arya, Shanta Pandian, Dharmendra Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of Mirror therapy (MT) on dexterity, coordination, and muscle strength of the less-affected upper limb in stroke. DESIGN: Pre-test post-test, single group, experimental design. SETTING: Rehabilitation institute. PARTICIPANTS: Post-stroke hemiparetic chronic subjects (N = 21). INTERVENTIONS: Forty sessions of MT using various tasks in addition to the conventional rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524811/impact-of-tactile-sensation-on-dexterity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-patients-with-impaired-hand-function-after-stroke
#2
Elena L Pavlova, Jörgen Borg
The authors sought to explore the impact of tactile sensation on manual dexterity and the validity of the strength-dexterity test in subjects with chronic impairments after stroke in a cross-sectional study of 24 patients with impaired hand function after stroke. Dexterity was assessed by the strength-dexterity test, Box and Blocks, and Nine-Hole Peg Test, and the ABILHAND questionnaire. Sensation was measured by pinprick, cotton-wool, graphesthesia, and 2-point discrimination tests. Sensation in the paretic hand had strong association with paretic hand performance in the strength-dexterity test and Nine-Hole Peg Test and explained 13% of the variance...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522259/assessing-the-effects-of-manual-dexterity-and-playing-computer-games-on-catheter-wire-manipulation-for-inexperienced-operators
#3
Z Alsafi, Y Hameed, P Amin, S Shamsad, U Raja, A Alsafi, M S Hamady
AIM: To investigate the effect of playing computer games and manual dexterity on catheter-wire manipulation in a mechanical aortic model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical student volunteers filled in a preprocedure questionnaire assessing their exposure to computer games. Their manual dexterity was measured using a smartphone game. They were then shown a video clip demonstrating renal artery cannulation and were asked to reproduce this. All attempts were timed. Two-tailed Student's t-test was used to compare continuous data, while Fisher's exact test was used for categorical data...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512858/comprehension-of-handwriting-development-pen-grip-kinetics-in-handwriting-tasks-and-its-relation-to-fine-motor-skills-among-school-age-children
#4
Yu-Chen Lin, Yen-Li Chao, Shyi-Kuen Wu, Ho-Hsio Lin, Chieh-Hsiang Hsu, Hsiao-Man Hsu, Li-Chieh Kuo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Numerous tools have been developed to evaluate handwriting performances by analysing written products. However, few studies have directly investigated kinetic performances of digits when holding a pen. This study thus attempts to investigate pen-grip kinetics during writing tasks of school-age children and explore the relationship between the kinetic factors and fine motor skills. METHODS: This study recruited 181 children aged from 5 to 12 years old and investigated the effects of age on handwriting kinetics and the relationship between these and fine motor skills...
May 16, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509639/factors-associated-with-simulator-assessed-laparoscopic-surgical-skills-of-veterinary-students
#5
Jessica J Kilkenny, Ameet Singh, Carolyn L Kerr, Deep K Khosa, Boel A Fransson
OBJECTIVE To determine whether simulator-assessed laparoscopic skills of veterinary students were associated with training level and prior experience performing nonlaparoscopic veterinary surgery and other activities requiring hand-eye coordination and manual dexterity. DESIGN Experiment. SAMPLE 145 students without any prior laparoscopic surgical or fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) simulator experience in years 1 (n = 39), 2 (34), 3 (39), and 4 (33) at a veterinary college. PROCEDURES A questionnaire was used to collect data from participants regarding experience performing veterinary surgery, playing video games, and participating in other activities...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502698/effectiveness-of-a-fine-motor-skills-rehabilitation-program-on-upper-limb-disability-manual-dexterity-pinch-strength-range-of-fingers-motion-performance-in-activities-of-daily-living-functional-independency-and-general-self-efficacy-in-hand-osteoarthritis-a
#6
Jose Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Ma Carmen García-Ríos, María Azucena Ortega-Valdivieso, Enrique Elías Cano-Deltell, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez, Kelly Ickmans, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. INTRODUCTION: Rehabilitation treatments for improving fine motor skills (FMS) in hand osteoarthritis (HOA) have not been well explored yet. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To assess the effectiveness of a rehabilitation program on upper limb disability, independence of activities of daily living (ADLs), fine motor abilities, functional independency, and general self-efficacy in older adults with HOA. METHODS: About 45 adults (74-86 years) with HOA were assigned to an experimental group for completing an FMS intervention or a control group receiving conventional occupational therapy...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501480/assessing-manual-dexterity-comparing-the-workability-rate-of-manipulation-test-with-the-minnesota-manual-dexterity-test
#7
Ying-Chih Wang, Rick Wickstrom, Sheng-Che Yen, Jay Kapellusch, Kimberly A Grogan
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. INTRODUCTION: The WorkAbility Rate of Manipulation Test (WRMT), an adaptation of the Minnesota Manual Dexterity Test (MMDT), contains a revised board and protocols to improve its utility for therapy or fitness assessment. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe the development and preliminary psychometric properties of WRMT. METHODS: Sixty-six healthy participants completed MMDT and WRMT in a random order followed by a user experience survey...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469709/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-scalpel-skill-teaching-of-podiatry-students
#8
Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Caroline E Fryer, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: Degrees in health disciplines need a balance of theoretical knowledge and sufficient clinical practice to meet registration requirements, in particular those requiring specialist skills such as the use of scalpels and other small instruments, such as podiatry. However, despite this requirement there is a scarcity of literature and research to inform teaching of these particular manual clinical skills. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine the current approaches being used to teach manual skills, in particular scalpel skills, in university podiatry programs in Australia and New Zealand, and to explore what issues, challenges and innovations exist...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468268/an-instrumented-glove-to-assess-manual-dexterity-in-simulation-based-neurosurgical-education
#9
Juan Diego Lemos, Alher Mauricio Hernandez, Georges Soto-Romero
The traditional neurosurgical apprenticeship scheme includes the assessment of trainee's manual skills carried out by experienced surgeons. However, the introduction of surgical simulation technology presents a new paradigm where residents can refine surgical techniques on a simulator before putting them into practice in real patients. Unfortunately, in this new scheme, an experienced surgeon will not always be available to evaluate trainee's performance. For this reason, it is necessary to develop automatic mechanisms to estimate metrics for assessing manual dexterity in a quantitative way...
April 29, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455540/a-prospective-study-of-corpus-callosum-regional-volumes-and-neurocognitive-outcomes-following-cranial-radiation-for-pediatric-brain-tumors
#10
Arif Rashid, Ashwin N Ram, Wendy R Kates, Kristin J Redmond, Moody Wharam, E Mark Mahone, Alena Horska, Stephanie Terezakis
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Cranial radiation therapy (CRT) may disrupt the corpus callosum (CC), which plays an important role in basic motor and cognitive functions. The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to assess changes in CC mid-sagittal areas, CC volumes, and performance on neuropsychological (NP) tests related to the CC in children following CRT. MATERIALS/METHODS: Twelve pediatric patients were treated with CRT for primary brain malignancies. Thirteen age-matched healthy volunteers served as controls...
April 28, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447646/a-130-000-year-old-archaeological-site-in-southern-california-usa
#11
Steven R Holen, Thomas A Deméré, Daniel C Fisher, Richard Fullagar, James B Paces, George T Jefferson, Jared M Beeton, Richard A Cerutti, Adam N Rountrey, Lawrence Vescera, Kathleen A Holen
The earliest dispersal of humans into North America is a contentious subject, and proposed early sites are required to meet the following criteria for acceptance: (1) archaeological evidence is found in a clearly defined and undisturbed geologic context; (2) age is determined by reliable radiometric dating; (3) multiple lines of evidence from interdisciplinary studies provide consistent results; and (4) unquestionable artefacts are found in primary context. Here we describe the Cerutti Mastodon (CM) site, an archaeological site from the early late Pleistocene epoch, where in situ hammerstones and stone anvils occur in spatio-temporal association with fragmentary remains of a single mastodon (Mammut americanum)...
April 26, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428111/reproductive-healthcare-experiences-of-women-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Katharine Hayward, Angela Y Chen, Elizabeth Forbes, Rachel Byrne, Marcia B Greenberg, Eileen G Fowler
BACKGROUND: Little is known about pregnancy rates in women with disabilities in general and even less is known about women with child-onset disabilities such as cerebral palsy (CP). HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that discussions about pregnancy with healthcare providers and pregnancy rates for woman with CP would be related to their functional levels. METHODS: Survey methodology was used to gather information about demographics, function, whether women were asked about their desire for children, pregnancy outcomes, and services offered during pregnancy and postpartum...
April 5, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417318/patient-and-healthcare-professionals-preference-for-brenzys-vs-enbrel-autoinjector-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-crossover-simulated-use-study
#13
Marc Egeth, Jennifer Soosaar, Peter Nash, Denis Choquette, Ricardo Infante, Dena Rosen Ramey, Sevag Sahakian, Angela Lai, Jin Ju Kim, David Wu
INTRODUCTION: Brenzys was developed as an etanercept biosimilar of Enbrel. The aim of this study was to assess preference and perceived ease of use for the new Brenzys autoinjector compared to the currently available marketed Enbrel MYCLIC autoinjector (Australia) and Enbrel SureClick autoinjector (Canada) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Because RA affects manual dexterity, ease of use of an autoinjector is a particularly important consideration in developing effective self-delivery of long-term courses of therapy...
April 17, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409763/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-jordanian-dental-technicians-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#14
Zeid Al-Hourani, Mohammad Nazzal, Yousef Khader, Khader Almhdawi, Abdel Rahim Bibars
BACKGROUND: Dental technology is a profession that requires precise manual skills and dexterous handling of small tools. There is an abundance research on work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) affecting dentists, dental hygienists and dental assistants, yet very few articles investigated WMSDs among dental technicians. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of WMSDs among Jordanian dental technicians and their associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was conducted...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401069/a-novel-restraint-device-for-injection-of-galleria-mellonella-larvae-that-minimizes-the-risk-of-accidental-operator-needle-stick-injury
#15
James P Dalton, Benedict Uy, Simon Swift, Siouxsie Wiles
Larvae of the insect Galleria mellonella are increasingly being used for studying pathogenic microbes and their virulence mechanisms, and as a rapid model for screening novel antimicrobial agents. The larvae (waxworms) are most frequently infected by injection of pathogenic organisms into the haemocoel through the insect's prolegs. The mostly widely used method for restraining the waxworms for injection is by grasping them between the operator's fingers, which puts the operator at risk of needle stick injury, an important consideration when working with highly pathogenic and/or drug-resistant microorganisms...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392692/antifungal-optical-and-mechanical-properties-of-polymethylmethacrylate-material-incorporated-with-silanized-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles
#16
Krid Kamonkhantikul, Mansuang Arksornnukit, Hidekazu Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Fungal infected denture, which is typically composed of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), is a common problem for a denture wearer, especially an elderly patient with limited manual dexterity. Therefore, increasing the antifungal effect of denture by incorporating surface modification nanoparticles into the PMMA, while retaining its mechanical properties, is of interest. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to evaluate antifungal, optical, and mechanical properties of heat-cured PMMA incorporated with different amounts of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnOnps) with or without methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane modification...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366013/do-impairments-predict-hand-dexterity-after-distal-radius-fractures-a-6-month-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Pavlos Bobos, Emily A Lalone, Ruby Grewal, Joy C MacDermid
BACKGROUND: The relationship of routinely measured grip and motion measures may be related to hand dexterity. This has not yet been thoroughly examined following a distal radius fracture (DRF). The purpose of this study was to investigate if impairments in range of motion (ROM) and grip strength predict hand dexterity 6 months following a DRF. METHODS: Patients with DRFs were recruited from a specialized hand clinic. Hand grip was assessed with a J-Tech dynamometer; ROM was measured using standard landmarks and a manual goniometer...
March 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360957/treatment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-review-of-the-literature-and-current-guidelines
#18
REVIEW
Shachar Moshe Aharony, Ornella Lam, Jacques Corcos
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a unique neurological disease with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations that are time- and disease course-related. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are highly prevalent in this patient population, with approximately 90% showing some degree of voiding dysfunction and/or incontinence 6-8 years after the initial MS diagnosis. Major therapeutic goals include quality of life improvement and the avoidance of urological complications Owing to the wide divergence of clinical symptoms and disease course, evaluation and treatment differ between patients...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358140/a-pilot-study-on-transient-ischemic-stroke-induced-with-endothelin-1-in-the-rhesus-monkeys
#19
PeiMin Dai, Hui Huang, Lin Zhang, Jing He, XuDong Zhao, FuHan Yang, Ning Zhao, JianZhen Yang, LongJiao Ge, Yu Lin, HuaLin Yu, JianHong Wang
Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a vasoconstrictor, has recently been used to induce focal ischemia in rodents and marmoset monkeys. The rhesus monkey, however, has numerous advantages to the rodent and marmoset that make it a superior and irreplaceable animal model for studying stroke in the brain. In the present study, after mapping the preferred hand representation in two healthy male monkeys with intracortical micro-stimulation, ET-1 was microinjected into the contralateral motor cortex (M1) to its preferred hand. The monkeys had been trained in three manual dexterity tasks before the microinjection and were tested for these tasks following the ET-1 injection...
March 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356630/activities-of-daily-living-and-manual-hand-dexterity-in-persons-with-idiopathic-parkinson-disease
#20
Yoo-Im Choi, Chiang-Soon Song, Byung-Yoon Chun
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between daily activities and manual dexterity in persons with Parkinson disease. [Subjects and Methods] The study participants were 25 patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease. This study used two clinical tools, the box-and-block test and Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living scale, to investigate the relationship between manual dexterity and Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living score. [Results] A positive correlation was observed between the Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living and the box-and-block test scores on the more and less affected sides...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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