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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210066/effects-of-interactive-metronome-training-on-postural-stability-and-upper-extremity-function-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-case-study
#1
Arim Kim, Hye-Sun Lee, Chiang-Soon Song
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interactive metronome training on the postural stability and upper extremity function of an individual with Parkinson's disease. [Subject and Methods] The participant of this case study was a 75-year-old female with Parkinson's disease diagnosed 7 years prior. This study was a single-subject research with an A-B-A design. She received IM training during the treatment phase (B phase) for 40 minutes per session. She was assessed pretest and posttest using the Berg balance scale and Wolf motor function test, and at baseline and the treatment phase using the measured box-and-block test and a Tetrax system...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206826/the-nine-hole-peg-test-as-a-manual-dexterity-performance-measure-for-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Peter Feys, Ilse Lamers, Gordon Francis, Ralph Benedict, Glenn Phillips, Nicholas LaRocca, Lynn D Hudson, Richard Rudick
Impaired manual dexterity is a frequently reported disability in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and is increasingly prevalent with worsening disease. While various tests and patient-reported outcome measures are available, the Nine-Hole Peg Test (NHPT) is considered as a gold standard measure of manual dexterity and most frequently used in MS research and clinical practice. The MS Outcome Assessments Consortium (MSOAC) includes representatives from advocacy organizations, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medicines Agency (EMA), National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), academic institutions, and industry partners along with persons living with MS...
February 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203332/status-and-determinants-of-motor-impairment-in-preschool-children-from-migrant-families-in-china
#3
Hua Jin, Jing Hua, Jianqiang Shen, Lijuan Feng, Guixiong Gu
BACKGROUND: Although poor health conditions and decreased developmental levels have been investigated in migrant children, no study in China has focused on these children's individual motor development. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the prevalence of motor impairment in Chinese migrant children and to determine the contributory factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a structured questionnaire was administered to primary caregivers of preschool children aged 3 - 6 (n = 2,976) in ten kindergartens from two districts of Suzhou, China, to assess the children's home socioeconomic status and motor environment, that is, the presence of affordances for motor development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192854/ingestion-of-trp-channel-agonists-attenuates-exercise-induced-muscle-cramps
#4
Daniel H Craighead, Sean W Shank, Jinger S Gottschall, Dennis H Passe, Bob Murray, Lacy M Alexander, W Larry Kenney
: Exercise associated muscle cramping (EAMC) is a poorly understood problem that is neuromuscular in origin. Ingestion of transient receptor potential (TRP) channel agonists has been efficacious in attenuating electrically-induced muscle cramps. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of TRP agonist ingestion on voluntarily-induced EAMC and motor function. METHODS: Study 1: 39 subjects completed 2 trials after ingesting TRP agonist-containing active treatment (A), or vehicle (V) control...
February 13, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192828/mr-spectroscopy-findings-in-retired-professional-rugby-league-players
#5
Andrew J Gardner, Grant L Iverson, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Christopher R Levi, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Peter W Schofield, Ross Zafonte, Sandy R Shultz, Alexander P Lin, Peter Stanwell
The aim of this study was to examine brain neurometabolite concentrations in retired rugby league players who had a history of numerous self-reported concussions. Participants were 16 retired professional rugby league players (ages 30-45 years) with an extensive history of concussion and participation in contact sports, and 16 age- and education-matched controls who had no history of neurotrauma or participation in contact sports. All completed a clinical interview, psychological and cognitive testing, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) investigation...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180015/effects-of-intermittent-theta-burst-stimulation-on-manual-dexterity-and-motor-imagery-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-quasi-experimental-controlled-study
#6
Mahdieh Azin, Nasser Zangiabadi, Farhad Iranmanesh, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Seyedshahab Banihashem
BACKGROUND: Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) is a repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) protocol that influences cortical excitability and motor function recovery. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of iTBS on manual dexterity and hand motor imagery in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS: Thirty-six MS patients were non-randomly assigned into sham (control) or iTBS groups. Then, iTBS was delivered to the primary motor cortex for ten days over two consecutive weeks...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174461/relationship-between-manual-dexterity-and-the-unified-parkinson-s-disease-rating-scale-motor-exam
#7
Sujin Hwang, Chiang-Soon Song
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between manual dexterity and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-Motor Exam as a clinical tool for quantifying upper extremity function in persons with Parkinson's disease. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-two persons with idiopathic Parkinson's disease participated in this study. This study measured two clinical outcomes, the box-and-block test and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-Motor Exam, to investigate the relationships between manual dexterity and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-Motor Exam...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174440/analysis-of-affected-and-non-affected-sides-of-stroke-hemiparalysis-patients-and-correlations-between-rehabilitation-therapy-assessments-using-the-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-method
#8
ChanUk Yoo, SeongKyo Suh, YoungGyu Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the use of bioelectrical impedance analysis as an appropriate rehabilitation therapy evaluation tool for stroke hemiplegic patients. [Subjects and Methods] A group of 20 stroke patients diagnosed with stroke hemiplegia who underwent stroke rehabilitation from October to November 2015 participated in this study. Using bioelectrical impedance analysis, stroke hemiparalysis patients were examined, and the affected and non-affected sides were compared. This correlation between impedance measurement values and rehabilitation therapy as an assessment tool was determined...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142036/handling-missing-mini-mental-state-examination-mmse-values-results-from-a-cross-sectional-long-term-care-study
#9
Judith Godin, Janice Keefe, Melissa K Andrew
BACKGROUND: Missing values are commonly encountered on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), particularly when administered to frail older people. This presents challenges for MMSE scoring in research settings. We sought to describe missingness in MMSEs administered in long-term-care facilities (LTCF) and to compare and contrast approaches to dealing with missing items. METHODS: As part of the Care and Construction project in Nova Scotia, Canada, LTCF residents completed an MMSE...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133725/intensive-upper-and-lower-extremity-training-for-children-with-bilateral-cerebral-palsy-a-quasi-randomized-trial
#10
Yannick Bleyenheuft, Daniela Ebner-Karestinos, Bhavini Surana, Julie Paradis, Alexis Sidiropoulos, Anne Renders, Kathleen M Friel, Marina Brandao, Eugene Rameckers, Andrew M Gordon
AIM: An approach that simultaneously engages both the upper and lower extremities, hand-arm bimanual intensive therapy including lower extremity (HABIT-ILE), has recently demonstrated improvements in upper and lower extremities in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). It is not known whether children with bilateral CP would benefit from this approach. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of HABIT-ILE in children with bilateral CP. METHOD: A quasi-randomized trial design was used, whereby 20 participants (age 6-15y, Gross Motor Function Classification System levels II-IV, Manual Ability Classification System levels I-III) were assigned to a treatment (HABIT-ILE) or a comparison group in the order in which they were enrolled...
January 30, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131322/safety-tolerability-and-sensorimotor-effects-of-extended-release-dalfampridine-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#11
Francois Bethoux, Ali Fatemi, Eileen Fowler, Christina Marciniak, Angeli Mayadev, Joel Waksman, Kathleen Zackowski, Gustavo Suarez, Andrew R Blight, Adrian L Rabinowicz, Enrique Carrazana
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of dalfampridine extended release (D-ER) in a pilot study of adults with cerebral palsy (CP) and limited ambulatory ability, and to explore drug effects on sensorimotor function. METHODS: An initial double-blind, single-dose crossover study was performed in 11 individuals randomized 1:1 to receive D-ER (10 mg) or placebo, followed by a 2-day washout period and the opposite treatment, with evaluation for safety and tolerability...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130084/giving-them-a-hand-wearing-a-myoelectric-elbow-wrist-hand-orthosis-reduces-upper-extremity-impairment-in-chronic-stroke
#12
Heather T Peters, Stephen J Page, Andrew Persch
OBJECTIVE: Determine the immediate impact of a portable, myoelectric elbow-wrist-hand orthosis (MEWHO) on paretic upper extremity (UE) impairment in chronic, stable, moderately impaired stroke survivors. DESIGN: Observational cohort study Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation clinic PARTICIPANTS: 18 participants exhibiting chronic, moderate, stable, post-stroke, UE hemiparesis. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were administered a battery of measures testing UE impairment as well as UE function...
January 24, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123008/the-biology-of-skin-wetness-perception-and-its-implications-in-manual-function-and-for-reproducing-complex-somatosensory-signals-in-neuroprosthetics
#13
Davide Filingeri, Rochelle Ackerley
Our perception of skin wetness is generated readily, yet humans have no known receptor (hygroreceptor) to signal this directly. It is easy to imagine the sensation of water running over our hands, or the feel of rain on our skin. The synthetic sensation of wetness is thought to be produced from a combination of specific skin thermal and tactile inputs, registered through thermoreceptors and mechanoreceptors, respectively. The present review explores how thermal and tactile afference from the periphery can generate the percept of wetness centrally...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119883/the-relationship-between-the-behavior-problems-and-motor-skills-of-students-with-intellectual-disability
#14
Yangchool Lee, Bogja Jeoung
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the motor skills and the behavior problems of students with intellectual disabilities. The study participants were 117 students with intellectual disabilities who were between 7 and 25 years old (male, n=79; female, n=38) and attending special education schools in South Korea. Motor skill abilities were assessed by using the second version of the Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency, which includes subtests in fine motor control, manual coordination, body coordination, strength, and agility...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087827/neuropsychological-outcome-following-frontal-lobectomy-for-pharmacoresistant-epilepsy-in-adults
#15
Robyn M Busch, Darlene P Floden, Lisa Ferguson, Shamseldeen Mahmoud, Audrina Mullane, Stephen Jones, Lara Jehi, William Bingaman, Imad M Najm
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective cohort study characterized cognitive and motor outcomes in a large sample of adults who underwent frontal lobe resections for treatment of pharmacoresistant epilepsy. METHODS: Ninety patients who underwent unilateral frontal lobe resection for epilepsy (42 language-dominant hemisphere/48 nondominant hemisphere) between 1989 and 2014 completed comprehensive preoperative and postoperative neuropsychological evaluations that included measures of verbal and nonverbal intellectual functioning, attention/working memory, processing speed, language, executive functioning, verbal and visual memory, and motor functioning...
January 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071977/effect-of-touch-screen-tablet-use-on-fine-motor-development-of-young-children
#16
Ling-Yi Lin, Rong-Ju Cherng, Yung-Jung Chen
AIM: To investigate the effects of touch-screen tablet use on the fine motor development of preschool children without developmental delay. METHODS: 40 children who used a touch-screen tablet more 60 minutes per week for at least 1 month received a 24-week home fine motor activity program using a touch-screen-tablet. 40 children matched for age (mean = 61.0 months) and sex who did not meet the criteria for previous tablet use received a 24-week program consisting of manual play activities...
January 10, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032336/systematic-review-of-mirror-therapy-compared-with-conventional-rehabilitation-in-upper-extremity-function-in-stroke-survivors
#17
REVIEW
David Pérez-Cruzado, Jose Antonio Merchán-Baeza, Manuel González-Sánchez, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
BACKGROUND/AIM: Stroke is a leading cause of disability in developed countries. One of the most widespread techniques in clinical practice is mirror therapy (MT). To determine the effectiveness of MT over other methods of intervention in the recovery of upper limb function in people who have had a stroke. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. The search string was established based on the last systematic review about MT that dated from 2009: "upper extremity" OR "upper limb "AND "mirror therapy" AND stroke...
December 29, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981610/assessment-of-behavior-and-space-use-before-and-after-forelimb-amputation-in-a-zoo-housed-chimpanzee-pan-troglodytes
#18
Mabel Y L Ang, Marisa A Shender, Stephen R Ross
Primates possess great manual dexterity, and their limbs are integral to many aspects of normal functioning (e.g., climbing, feeding). As such, the loss of a limb carries the risk of significant disability and potentially harmful impairment of species-typical functioning. Limb loss is known to occur in some wild primate populations due to entanglement in hunting snares, but can also occur in captive settings due to injury that necessitates therapeutic amputation. In this study, we conducted a detailed evaluation of the behavior, travel, and space use expressed by a female zoo-housed chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) before and following surgical amputation of her right forelimb...
December 15, 2016: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956820/in-vivo-measurements-of-humeral-movement-during-posterior-glenohumeral-mobilizations
#19
Nancy R Talbott And, Dexter W Witt
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to quantify in vivo posterior translational movements occurring in the glenohumeral joint during posterior mobilizations and to determine the intratester reliability of those posterior translational movements. METHODS: Twenty-eight individuals (17 females, 11 males) participated in this study. One physical therapist utilized a Kaltenborn approach to apply three grades of posterior humeral mobilization. A hand held dynamometer was used to quantify the force used during each grade of mobilization...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933492/comparative-analysis-of-speech-impairment-and-upper-limb-motor-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Jan Rusz, Tereza Tykalová, Radim Krupička, Kateřina Zárubová, Michal Novotný, Robert Jech, Zoltán Szabó, Evžen Růžička
It is currently unknown whether speech and limb motor effectors in Parkinson's disease (PD) are controlled by similar underlying brain processes. Based on computerized objective analysis, the aim of this study was to evaluate potential correlation between speech and mechanical tests of upper limb motor function. Speech and upper limb motor tests were performed in 22 PD patients and 22 healthy controls. Quantitative acoustic analyses of eight key speech dimensions of hypokinetic dysarthria, including quality of voice, sequential motion rates, consonant articulation, vowel articulation, average loudness, loudness variability, pitch variability, and number of pauses, were performed...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
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