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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124968/-accurate-diagnosis-of-pseudomonas-luteola-in-routine-microbiology-laboratory-on-the-occasion-of-two-isolates
#1
Muharrem Çiçek, Gülşen Hasçelik, H Kaan Müştak, K Serdar Diker, Burçin Şener
Pseudomonas luteola which was previously known as Chryseomonas luteola; is a gram-negative, non-fermentative, aerobic, motile, non-spore-forming bacillus. It is frequently found as a saprophyte in soil, water and other damp environments and is an opportunistic pathogen in patients with underlying medical disorders or with indwelling catheters. It has been reported as an uncommon cause of bacteremia, sepsis, septic arthritis, meningitis, endocarditis, and peritonitis. Thus, early and accurate identification of this rare species is important for the treatment and also to provide information about the epidemiology of P...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049524/maldi-tof-ms-as-an-innovative-tool-for-detection-of-plasmodium-parasites-in-anopheles-mosquitoes
#2
Maureen Laroche, Lionel Almeras, Emilie Pecchi, Yassina Bechah, Didier Raoult, Angèle Viola, Philippe Parola
BACKGROUND: Malaria is still a major public health issue worldwide, and one of the best approaches to fight the disease remains vector control. The current methods for mosquito identification include morphological methods that are generally time-consuming and require expertise, and molecular methods that require laboratory facilities with relatively expensive running costs. Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) technology, routinely used for bacterial identification, has recently emerged in the field of entomology...
January 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955639/control-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-outbreak-in-an-intensive-care-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-southern-italy
#3
Aida Bianco, Angela Quirino, Mariavalentina Giordano, Vito Marano, Claudia Rizzo, Maria Carla Liberto, Alfredo Focà, Maria Pavia
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen that has become a major cause of concern, since it is a frequent cause of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). The aim of the study was to describe the occurrence, the management and the control of an outbreak that occurred in an intensive care unit (ICU) of a teaching hospital in Southern Italy caused by multiple strains of extensively drug-resistant A. baumannii (XDRAB). METHODS: Case-patient was defined as a patient with an healthcare-associated infection caused by an XDRAB isolate identified in a clinically significant culture...
December 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942042/faecal-carriage-of-gram-negative-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-among-patients-hospitalized-in-two-centres-in-ulaanbaatar-mongolia
#4
Bayaraa Baljin, Ganbaatar Baldan, Battogtokh Chimeddorj, Khosbayar Tulgaa, Batbaatar Gunchin, Tsogtsaikhan Sandag, Klaus Pfeffer, Colin R MacKenzie, Andreas F Wendel
Gram-negative multidrug-resistant organisms (GN-MDRO) producing β-lactamases (ESBL, plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamases and carbapenemases) are increasingly reported throughout Asia. The aim of this surveillance study was to determine the rate of bacterial colonization in patients from two hospitals in the Mongolian capital Ulaanbaatar. Rectal swabs were obtained from patients referred to the National Traumatology and Orthopaedics Research Centre (NTORC) or the Burn Treatment Centre (BTC) between July and September 2014, on admission and again after 14 days...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936983/molecular-diagnosis-of-invasive-mycoses-of-the-central-nervous-system
#5
Matthew William McCarthy, Thomas J Walsh
In September 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began investigating an outbreak of fungal meningitis among patients who had received contaminated preservative-free methyl prednisolone acetate injections from the New England Compounding Center in Framingham, Massachusetts. Thousands of patients were potentially exposed to tainted corticosteroids, but establishing the diagnosis of fungal meningitis during the nationwide outbreak was difficult because little was known about the natural history of the disease...
December 22, 2016: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936381/a-proteomic-approach-for-rapid-identification-of-weissella-species-isolated-from-korean-fermented-foods-on-maldi-tof-ms-supplemented-with-an-in-house-database
#6
Eiseul Kim, Youngjae Cho, Yoonju Lee, Sun-Kyung Han, Chang-Gyeom Kim, Dong-Won Choo, Young-Rok Kim, Hae-Yeong Kim
Weissella are obligate heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria belonging to the Leuconostocaceae family. Some Weissella can be found in salted and fermented foods, such as kimchi and jeotgal, and plays an important role in the fermentation process. In the present study, for the first time, a rapid and accurate identification method for Weissella species from kimchi and jeotgal was developed based on MALDI-TOF MS, supplemented with an in-house database. Of the 135 Weissella spectra aligned with the MALDI bioTyper database, 56 isolates (41...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896481/high-perineal-and-overall-frequency-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-people-who-inject-drugs-compared-to-non-injectors
#7
Disa Dahlman, Farnaz Jalalvand, Marianne Alanko Blomé, Anders Håkansson, Håkan Janson, Susanne Quick, Anna C Nilsson
To investigate the prevalence, distribution, and colonization burden of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and MRSA in different body sites among people who inject drugs (PWID) and compare it to a control group consisting of non-injectors. In this cross-sectional survey, 49 active PWID from the needle exchange program (NEP) in Malmö, Sweden, and 60 non-injecting controls from an emergency psychiatric inpatient ward at Malmö Addiction Centre were tested for S. aureus (including MRSA) by culture, PCR, and MALDI-TOF...
February 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866257/detection-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-using-phage-amplification-combined-with-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#8
Jon C Rees, John R Barr
Antibiotic resistance continues to contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality across the world. Developing new tests for antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a core action to combat resistant infections. We describe a method that uses phage amplification detection (PAD) combined with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) to rapidly identify Staphylococcus aureus and determine phenotypic susceptibility to cefoxitin. Samples tested for S. aureus are incubated together with bacteriophage in the presence and absence of cefoxitin and subjected to rapid trypsin digestion followed by MALDI-MS analysis...
February 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777756/first-hospital-outbreak-of-the-globally-emerging-candida-auris-in-a-european-hospital
#9
Silke Schelenz, Ferry Hagen, Johanna L Rhodes, Alireza Abdolrasouli, Anuradha Chowdhary, Anne Hall, Lisa Ryan, Joanne Shackleton, Richard Trimlett, Jacques F Meis, Darius Armstrong-James, Matthew C Fisher
BACKGROUND: Candida auris is a globally emerging multidrug resistant fungal pathogen causing nosocomial transmission. We report an ongoing outbreak of C. auris in a London cardio-thoracic center between April 2015 and July 2016. This is the first report of C. auris in Europe and the largest outbreak so far. We describe the identification, investigation and implementation of control measures. METHODS: Data on C. auris case demographics, environmental screening, implementation of infection prevention/control measures, and antifungal susceptibility of patient isolates were prospectively recorded then analysed retrospectively...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773065/the-use-of-maldi-tof-ms-in-infection-control
#10
Paul Griffin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764108/identification-and-characterization-of-vni-vnii-and-novel-vnii-vniv-hybrids-and-impact-of-hybridization-on-virulence-and-antifungal-susceptibility-within-the-c-neoformans-c-gattii-species-complex
#11
Mojgan Aminnejad, Massimo Cogliati, Shuyao Duan, Michael Arabatzis, Kathrin Tintelnot, Elizabeth Castañeda, Marcia Lazéra, Aristea Velegraki, David Ellis, Tania C Sorrell, Wieland Meyer
Cryptococcus neoformans and C. gattii are pathogenic basidiomycetous yeasts and the commonest cause of fungal infection of the central nervous system. Cryptococci are typically haploid but several inter-species, inter-varietal and intra-varietal hybrids have been reported. It has a bipolar mating system with sexual reproduction occurring normally between two individuals with opposite mating types, α and a. This study set out to characterize hybrid isolates within the C. neoformans/C. gattii species complex: seven unisexual mating intra-varietal VNI/VNII (αAAα) and six novel inter-varietal VNII/VNIV (aADα)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696080/determining-protein-biomarkers-for-dlbcl-using-ffpe-tissues-from-hiv-negative-and-hiv-positive-patients
#12
Pumza Magangane, Raveendra Sookhayi, Dhirendra Govender, Richard Naidoo
DLBCL is the most common lymphoma subtype occurring in older populations as well as in younger HIV infected patients. The current treatment options for DLBCL are effective for most patients yet the relapse rate is high. While many biomarkers for DLBCL exist, they are not in clinical use due to low sensitivity and specificity. In addition, these biomarkers have not been studied in the HIV context. Therefore, the identification of new biomarkers for HIV negative and HIV positive DLBCL, may lead to a better understanding of the disease pathology and better therapeutic design...
December 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663910/wide-spread-of-oxa-23-producing-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-belonging-to-clonal-complex-ii-in-different-hospitals-in-lebanon
#13
Ahmad Al Atrouni, Monzer Hamze, Tamima Jisr, Carole Lemarié, Matthieu Eveillard, Marie-Laure Joly-Guillou, Marie Kempf
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the molecular epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from different hospitals in Lebanon. METHODS: A total of 119 non-duplicate Acinetobacter strains were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and partial rpoB gene sequencing. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by disc diffusion method and all identified carbapenem-resistant isolates were investigated by PCR assays for the presence of the carbapenemase-encoding genes...
November 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605710/application-of-mass-spectrometry-technology-to-early-diagnosis-of-invasive-fungal-infections
#14
Alexandre Mery, Boualem Sendid, Nadine François, Marjorie Cornu, Julien Poissy, Yann Guerardel, Daniel Poulain
We recently developed a mass spectrometry (MS) procedure based on the detection of a serum disaccharide (MS-DS) in patients with invasive candidiasis (IC). Here, we compare the performance of MS-DS for the diagnosis of IC, invasive aspergillosis (IA), and mucormycosis (MM) with those of commercially available antigen detection tests. This retrospective study included 48 patients (23 IC patients [74 serum samples], 15 IA patients [40 serum samples], and 10 MM patients [15 serum samples]) and 49 appropriate controls (102 serum samples)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412356/rapid-species-identification-and-epidemiological-analysis-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-spp-by-a-pcr-based-open-reading-frame-typing-method
#15
Yuki Yamada, Kentaro Endo, Kaori Sawase, Marie Anetai, Kazuya Narita, Yuji Hatakeyama, Katsunori Ishifuji, Makiko Kurota, Akira Suwabe
The spread of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. has become a global problem. In this study, 18 carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii (ACB) complexes, identified using a conventional biochemical method at our hospital during 2004-2013, were studied for species identification and epidemiological analyses. Species identification was performed using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight MS, a partial sequence analysis of rpoB and a PCR-based ORF typing (POT) method...
September 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381521/antibiotic-combinations-for-controlling-colistin-resistant-enterobacter-cloacae
#16
Thais Bergamin Lima, Osmar Nascimento Silva, Keyla Caroline de Almeida, Suzana Meira Ribeiro, Dielle de Oliveira Motta, Simone Maria-Neto, Michelle Brizolla Lara, Carlos Roberto Souza Filho, Alicia Simalie Ombredane, Celio de Faria Junior, Nadia Skorupa Parachin, Beatriz Simas Magalhães, Octávio Luiz Franco
Enterobacter cloacae is a Gram-negative bacterium associated with high morbidity and mortality in intensive care patients due to its resistance to multiple antibiotics. Currently, therapy against multi-resistant bacteria consists of using colistin, in spite of its toxic effects at higher concentrations. In this context, colistin-resistant E. cloacae strains were challenged with lower levels of colistin combined with other antibiotics to reduce colistin-associated side effects. Colistin-resistant E. cloacae (ATCC 49141) strains were generated by serial propagation in subinhibitory colistin concentrations...
February 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344933/maldi-tof-ms-typing-of-a-nosocomial-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-outbreak-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#17
Deborah Steensels, Ariane Deplano, Olivier Denis, Anne Simon, Alexia Verroken
BACKGROUND: The early detection of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) outbreak is decisive to control its spread and rapidly initiate adequate infection control measures. Therefore, prompt determination of epidemiologic relatedness of clinical MRSA isolates is essential. Genetic typing methods have a high discriminatory power but their availability remains restricted. In this study, we aimed to challenge matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) as a typing tool of a nosocomial MRSA outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit...
June 24, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342644/impact-of-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-and-ionization-time-of-flight-and-antimicrobial-stewardship-intervention-on-treatment-of-bloodstream-infections-in-hospitalized-children
#18
Caroline Malcolmson, Karen Ng, Shevaun Hughes, Niranjan Kissoon, Jillian Schina, Peter A Tilley, Ashley Roberts
BACKGROUND: Early definitive identification of infectious pathogens coupled with antimicrobial stewardship interventions allow for targeted and timely administration of antimicrobials. We investigated the combined impact of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) technology and an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) in pediatric patients with blood stream infections (BSIs). METHODS: This is a single-center study comparing a control group of patients from October 2009 to July 2010 with BSIs to a cohort of patients postimplementation of MALDI-TOF and an ASP, from October 2013 to July 2014...
June 23, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27326514/vim-1-vim-2-and-ges-5-carbapenemases-among-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-istanbul-turkey
#19
Gülşah Malkoçoğlu, Elif Aktaş, Banu Bayraktar, Bariş Otlu, Mehmet Emin Bulut
Worldwide increase in carbapenem resistance and transferable carbapenemases are significant challenges in treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. In this study, investigation of carbapenemase production in carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates recovered from clinical specimens in a tertiary hospital was aimed. A total of 84 carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates were examined. "Carbapenem inactivation method" (CIM) was used for phenotypic detection of carbapenemase production. The existence of blaKPC, blaNDM, blaIMP, blaVIM, blaOXA-48, and blaGES genes was investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
June 21, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281618/immunoproteomic-identification-of-mbovp579-a-promising-diagnostic-biomarker-for-serological-detection-of-mycoplasma-bovis-infection
#20
Farhan Anwar Khan, Muhammad Faisal, Jin Chao, Kai Liu, Xi Chen, Gang Zhao, Harish Menghwar, Hui Zhang, Xifang Zhu, Muhammad Asif Rasheed, Chenfei He, Changmin Hu, Yingyu Chen, Eric Baranowski, Huanchun Chen, Aizhen Guo
A lack of knowledge regarding the antigenic properties of Mycoplasma bovis proteins prevents the effective control of bovine infections using immunological approaches. In this study, we detected and characterized a specific and sensitive M. bovis diagnostic biomarker. After M. bovis total proteins and membrane fractions were separated with two dimensional gel electrophoresis, proteins reacting with antiserawere detected using MALDI-TOF MS. Thirty-nine proteins were identified, 32 of which were previously unreported...
June 28, 2016: Oncotarget
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