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Organizational justice

Jill Viglione
Currently, both researchers and criminal justice agencies recognize the need to consider evidence-based practices (EBPs) as means to provide effective supervision and reduce recidivism rates. Research documents the importance of organizational characteristics in relation to EBP adoption and implementation, including organizational climate, commitment to the organization, and cynicism for change. Using data collected through surveys of 251 probation staff nested within 12 probation agencies in the United States, the current study utilizes Hierarchical Linear Modeling to examine the association of these important organizational characteristics with probation staff reported attitudes toward EBPs...
April 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Hossein Zanjanian, Hamid Abdolabadi, Mohammad Hossein Niksokhan, Amin Sarang
Allocating water to organizational stakeholders poses a vital challenge to water managers. Organizations which benefit from water as the primary factor input attempt to achieve their objectives using cost-effective and quick-return strategies, such as increasing the water rights. In such circumstances, lack of water probably results in the conflict. Recognizing the management approaches, organizational priorities, and the stakeholders' influence power can play a dominant role in analyzing the future of such conflicts...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Marianna Virtanen, Marko Elovainio
Modern work life is characterized by constant change, reorganizations, and requirements of efficiency, which make the distribution of resources and obligations, as well as justice in decisionmaking, highly important. In the work life context, it is a question not only of distributing resources and obligations, but also of the procedures and rules that guide the decisionmaking in the organization. Studies of these rules and procedures have provided the basis for a new line of research that evaluates leadership and social relationships in working communities; that is, distributive, procedural, and relational justice...
April 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
Constanze Eib, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Constanze Leineweber
Organizational justice perceptions are considered a predictor of health and well-being. To date, empirical evidence about whether organizational justice perceptions predict health or health predicts organizational justice perceptions is mixed. Furthermore, the processes underlying these relationships are largely unknown. In this article, we study whether bidirectional relationships can be explained by 2 different mediation mechanisms. First, based on the allostatic load model, we suggest that the relationships between organizational justice perceptions and different health indicators are mediated through mental preoccupation with work...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Scott E Wolfe, Justin Nix, Bradley A Campbell
Recent policing research has identified a positive relationship between line-level officers' perceptions of organizational justice and their adherence to agency goals and job satisfaction. However, we have little understanding of the factors that are related to police managers' support for organizational justice when interacting with employees. We collected survey data from a sample of U.S. command-level officers (N = 211) who attended a training program in a southern state to address this gap in the literature...
February 2018: Law and Human Behavior
Lars Peter Andersen, Annie Hogh, Karin Biering, Charlotte Ann Gadegaard
BACKGROUND: Threats and violence at work are major concerns for employees in many human service sectors. The prevention of work-related violence is a major challenge for employees and management. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify prospective associations between psycho-social work environment and work-related threats and violence in four high risk human service sectors. METHODS: Questionnaire data was collected from 3011 employees working at psychiatric wards, in the elder sector, in the Prison and Probation Service and at Special Schools...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Mark Deuze, Tamara Witschge
Journalism has enjoyed a rich and relatively stable history of professionalization. Scholars coming from a variety of disciplines have theorized this history, forming a consistent body of knowledge codified in national and international handbooks and canonical readers. However, recent work and analysis suggest that the supposed core of journalism and the assumed consistency of the inner workings of news organizations are problematic starting points for journalism studies. In this article, we challenge the consensual (self-)presentation of journalism - in terms of its occupational ideology, its professional culture, and its sedimentation in routines and organizational structures (cf...
February 2018: Journalism (Lond)
Nkiru Nnawulezi, Surbhi Godsay, Cris M Sullivan, Suzanne Marcus, Margaret Hacskaylo
The purpose of community-based domestic violence crisis housing programs (e.g., shelters) is to provide a safe setting that promotes empowerment for survivors of intimate partner violence. For staff to reach this aim, the program must have formal structures and processes in place to support such efforts. This study explored how low-barrier and voluntary service policies influenced staff practices and survivor empowerment. Low-barrier policies require that programs remove barriers that prevent survivors, particularly those who have mental health concerns and/or addictions, from being able to access services...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Tyrone A Perreira, Whitney Berta, Monique Hebert
BACKGROUND: Turnover in healthcare is a serious concern, as it is contributes to the global nursing shortage and is associated with declines in quality of care, patient safety, and patient outcomes. Turnover also impacts care teams and is associated with decreased staff cohesion and morale. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to increase understanding of the relationships between organizational justice, affective commitment and turnover intention in healthcare...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Nicola Magnavita, Carlo Chiorri
BACKGROUND: The availability of an assessment measure for work impairment in nurses, or nursing students, is of crucial importance for early detection of workers/students at risk. Recently, a new measure, the Nurses Work Functioning Questionnaire (NWFQ), has become available, but there is no validated Italian version. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop and validate an Italian version of the NWFQ. METHODS: We evaluated the factor structure, the internal consistency, and the convergent and discriminant construct validity with respect to organizational justice and job strain of the Italian NWFQ using data from 645 nursing students...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
Joshua M Liao, Amol S Navathe, Marilyn M Schapira, Arlene Weissman, Nandita Mitra, David A Asch
One emerging policy solution for deterring low-value care is to financially penalize physicians who prescribe it. However, physicians' willingness to support such policies may depend on whether they perceive that benefits accrue to patients or to insurers and hospitals. We surveyed physicians practicing hospital medicine to evaluate the association between policy support and physician beliefs about who benefits from the money saved through reducing low-value services in hospital medicine. Overall, physicians believed that more of any money saved would go to profits and leadership salaries for insurance companies and hospitals and/or health systems rather than to patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Hanne Berthelsen, Paul Maurice Conway, Thomas Clausen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate whether organizational justice climate at the workplace level is associated with individual staff members' perceptions of care quality and affective commitment to the workplace. METHODS: The study adopts a cross-sectional multi-level design. Data were collected using an electronic survey and a response rate of 75% was obtained. Organizational justice climate and affective commitment to the workplace were measured by items from Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire and quality of care by three self-developed items...
February 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Carl G Leukefeld, Margaret Cawood, Tisha Wiley, Angela A Robertson, Jacqueline Horan Fisher, Nancy Arrigona, Patricia Donohue, Michelle Staples-Horne, Philip W Harris, Richard Dembo, Judy Roysden, Katherine R Marks
The Juvenile Justice (JJ) system has a number of local behavioral health service community linkages for substance abuse, mental health, and HIV services. However, there have only been a few systemic studies that examine and seek to improve these community behavioral health linkages for justice-involved youth. Implementation research is a way of identifying, testing, and understanding effective strategies for translating evidence-based treatment and prevention approaches into service delivery. This article explores benefits and challenges of participatory research within the context of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)'s Juvenile Justice Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) implementation behavioral health study...
2017: Journal of Juvenile Justice
Joanna L Henderson, Gloria Chaim, E B Brownlie
Many youth with significant mental health (MH) and/or substance use (SU) difficulties do not receive specialized services. Collaboration between service providers, researchers, and other stakeholders is essential to improve youth service system capacity to provide evidence-based services to meet the complex array of needs of youth. Facilitators and barriers of implementing evidence-based practice have been identified, but few studies provide examples of the processes of collaboration and implementation for youth MH services...
August 2017: Psychological Services
Dina Guglielmi, Greta Mazzetti, Paola Villano, Gabriela Topa Cantisano
Work environments characterized by inadequate work conditions have been widely recognized as being particularly prone to the occurrence and exacerbation of bullying behavior. Accordingly, this longitudinal study aimed to explore whether the impact of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) on workplace bullying was mediated by a lower perception of organizational justice, and whether the association between ERI and perceptions of justice was moderated by organizational identification. In the current study, a sample of N = 195 Spanish employees from different occupational sectors filled in an online questionnaire at two different times with a time lag of 8 months...
August 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Ghazaleh Haghighinezhad, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Tahereh Ashktorab, Jamileh Mohtashami, Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad
BACKGROUND: The nature of the nursing profession pays more attention to ethics of healthcare than its therapeutic dimension. One of the prevalent moral issues in this profession is moral distress. Moral distress appears more in intensive care units due to the widespread need for moral decision-making regarding treatment and care in emergency situations. In this connection, organizational justice is of high importance and, as a significant motivational tool, leaves important impacts upon attitude and behavior of personnel...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
Jason L Huang, Russell Cropanzano, Andrew Li, Ping Shao, Xin-An Zhang, Yuhui Li
Researchers have paid limited attention to what makes organizational authority figures decide to treat their employees either justly or unjustly. Drawing from the actor-focused model of justice, as well as the stereotype content model, we argue that employee conscientiousness and agreeableness can impact the extent to which supervisors adhere to normative rules for distributive, procedural, informational, and interpersonal justice, as a result of supervisors' evaluations of their employees' effort and their liking of the employees...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
Jennifer Rayner, Laura Muldoon
OBJECTIVE: To examine perceptions of different staff groups about team functioning in mature, community-governed, interprofessional primary health care practices. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: The 75 community health centres (CHCs) in Ontario at the time of the study, which have cared for people with barriers to access to traditional health services in community-governed, interprofessional settings, providing medical, social, and community services since the 1970s...
July 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Katja Spanier, Elke Peters, Elliot Michel, Friedrich Michael Radoschewski, Matthias Bethge
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to identify associations between organizational injustice and work ability, disability days, and consultations with general practitioners. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of persons previously receiving sickness absence benefits were used for analyses. Organizational injustice was assessed using a German version of the "organizational justice questionnaire". Dependent variables were the Work Ability Index, self-reported disability days, and consultations with general practitioners...
November 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Ulrich Haas
In the fight against doping, creating a level playing field across all sports is very challenging from a legal perspective. A harmonized approach presupposes first and foremost a supreme regulatory authority on a global level. This task cannot be attributed to the public sector, because there is no supranational authority of public international law capable of dealing with it. Thus, responsibility has to be assumed by a private law entity. This in turn requires complicated contractual agreements by which duties and responsibilities are transferred from the individual to the national level and from there to the top of the pyramid...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
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