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Organizational justice

Daniel L Brady, Douglas J Brown, Lindie Hanyu Liang
Despite decades of research from other academic fields arguing that gossip is an important and potentially functional behavior, organizational research has largely assumed that gossip is malicious talk. This has resulted in the proliferation of gossip items in deviance scales, effectively subsuming workplace gossip research into deviance research. In this paper, the authors argue that organizational research has traditionally considered only a very narrow subset of workplace gossip, focusing almost exclusively on extreme negative cases which are not reflective of typical workplace gossip behavior...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Chiara Ghislieri, Riccardo Ghini, Alberto Tortone, Claudio Giovanni Cortese
BACKGROUND: Work-related stress evaluation is a legal requirement for companies that, in some cases, might be seen as an opportunity to examine wellbeing at work and the dimensions related to it, through the involvement of employees. To that end, this study considers the job demands-resources model as a theoretical framework. OBJECTIVES: The study has a twofold objective: a) to describe the process of subjective evaluation carried out in the Italian plant of a pharmaceutical company; and b) to show and discuss results of the analyses performed on variables, examining in detail the relationship between two outcomes (job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion) and some job demands (workload and job effort), job resources (safety climate, clarity of roles, clarity and applicability of procedures, supervisor relational justice and colleague support), and personal resources (internal locus of control and job-related self-efficacy)...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Kwesi Amponsah-Tawiah, Justice Mensah
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to examine the relationship and impact of occupational health and safety on employees' organizational commitment in Ghana's mining industry. The study explores occupational health and safety and the different dimensions of organizational commitment. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used for this study. The respondents were selected based on simple random sampling. Out of 400 questionnaires administered, 370 were returned (77...
September 2016: Safety and Health At Work
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Chris Provis, Carolyn M Boyd
PURPOSE: This study examined the factors that predict employees' perceptions of procedural justice in university settings. The paper also reviews the ethical aspects of justice and psychological contracts within employment relationships. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The study examined the predictors of perceived procedural justice in a two-wave longitudinal sample of 945 employees from 13 universities by applying the Job Demands-Resources theoretical model of stress...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Chris Provis, Carolyn M Boyd
This study explored the impact of staff group role and length of organizational tenure in the relationship between the awareness of stress interventions (termed intervention awareness: IA) and the work-related attitudinal outcomes of university employees. A two-wave longitudinal study of a sample of 869 employees from 13 universities completed a psychosocial work factors and health questionnaire. Hierarchical regression analyses examined the contribution of staff role and different lengths of organizational tenure with IA and employees' reports of job satisfaction, affective organizational commitment, trust in senior management, and perceived procedural justice...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Tyrone A Perreira, Jennifer Innis, Whitney Berta
AIM: The aim of this scoping literature review was to examine and summarize the factors, context, and processes that influence work motivation of health care workers. METHODS: A scoping literature review was done to answer the question: What is known from the existing empirical literature about factors, context, and processes that influence work motivation of health care workers? This scoping review used the Arksey and O'Malley framework to describe and summarize findings...
August 20, 2016: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Michael Prendergast, Wayne N Welsh, Lynda Stein, Wayne Lehman, Gerald Melnick, Umme Warda, Michael Shafer, Wendy Ulaszek, Eleni Rodis, Sami Abdel-Salam, Jamieson Duvall
Although research indicates that organizational characteristics substantially influence the adoption and use of evidence-based practices (EBPs), there has been little empirical research on organizational factors most likely to influence successful implementation of EBPs, particularly in criminal justice settings. This study examined organizational characteristics related to the success of change teams in achieving improvements in assessment and case-planning procedures for persons leaving correctional settings and receiving community services...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Suzette Caleo
Research has shown that gender role prescriptions can bias reactions to men's and women's work behaviors. The current work draws upon this idea and extends it to consider violations of procedural and interactional justice rules. The results of four experimental studies demonstrate that men and women receive differential performance evaluation ratings and reward recommendations when they violate those organizational justice rules that coincide with the content of prescriptive gender stereotypes. Specifically, women were rated less favorably than men when they exhibited interactional injustice (Study 1 and Study 4), but not when they engaged in procedural injustice (Study 2)...
October 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
Anne Juvani, Tuula Oksanen, Marianna Virtanen, Marko Elovainio, Paula Salo, Jaana Pentti, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
OBJECTIVES: Work-related stress has been linked to increased risk of disability pensioning, but the association between perceived justice of managerial behavior and decision-making processes at the workplace (ie, organizational justice) and risk of disability pensioning remains unknown. We examined the associations of organizational justice and its relational and procedural components with all-cause and diagnosis-specific disability pensions with repeated measures of justice. METHODS: Data from 24 895 employees responding to repeated surveys on organizational justice in 2000-2002 and 2004 were linked to the records of a national register for disability pensions from 2005-2011...
September 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Halil Nadiri, Cem Tanova
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the extent to which the service recovery performance of frontline employees in private health care institutions is influenced by employee perceptions of manager attitudes toward service quality, workplace support, and manager fairness and organizational commitment. We also examined the relationship of service recovery performance to employee job satisfaction and turnover intentions. METHODS: Partial least square path modeling of data from 178 frontline employees in private health care institutions in North Cyprus was utilized...
July 2016: Quality Management in Health Care
Carl Deschamps, Natalie Rinfret, Marie Claude Lagacé, Catherine Privé
In the past decade, the reform of Québec's healthcare establishments has resulted in a reduction in the number of institutions through mergers and closures. In this report, we investigate the consequences of reform by looking at managers' motivations and related mitigating factors. We examine the influence that transformational leaders have on their employees' motivation through organizational justice. Using a survey of 253 healthcare managers, we describe how the positive impact of transformational leadership on motivation is fully mediated via different aspects of organizational justice...
May 2016: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
Juhani Sulander, Timo Sinervo, Marko Elovainio, Tarja Heponiemi, Klaus Helkama, Anna-Mari Aalto
Given the growing aging population in Finland, retaining health staff to care for them is important. In an exploration of predictors of quitting before the typical retirement age, which ranges from 63 to 68 years in Finland, we examined whether organizational justice moderated the association between job involvement and retirement intentions among nurses 50 years and over. The sample was 446 nurses (70% practical nurses) working in 134 assisted living facilities providing 24-hour care for older residents in Finland...
October 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
Bryan R Garner, Sarah B Hunter, Rodney R Funk, Beth Ann Griffin, Susan H Godley
BACKGROUND: Developing consistent, valid, and efficient implementation outcome measures is necessary to advance implementation science. However, development of such measures has been limited to date, especially for validating the extent to which such measures are associated with important improvements in client outcomes. This study seeks to address this gap by developing one or more evidence-based measures of implementation (EBMIs; i.e., implementation outcome measure that is predictive of improvements in key client outcomes) for the Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach (A-CRA), an evidence-based practice (EBP) for adolescent substance use...
August 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Eryn Nicole O'Neal, Cassia Spohn
Law enforcement officials and prosecutors have been called "gatekeepers" of the criminal justice system, as their discretionary decisions determine case outcomes. Using the focal concerns perspective as our theoretical foundation, we explore the factors that influence arrest and charging decisions in intimate partner sexual assaults (IPSA) reported to Los Angeles law enforcement in 2008. Quantitative findings are supplemented with qualitative examples from Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) detectives interviewed in 2010 and charge evaluation sheets from complaints referred to Los Angeles prosecution in 2008...
June 5, 2016: Violence Against Women
Jennifer Harrison, Amy Curtis, Linwood Cousins, Jessaca Spybrook
Individuals with co-occurring illnesses are at risk for poor outcomes related to criminal justice, hospitalization, housing, and employment. High fidelity evidence-based models, including integrated dual disorder treatment (IDDT), are associated with significant outcome improvements. A descriptive analysis of secondary datasets including the full sample of IDDT fidelity reviews completed from 2006 to 2012 in one state was completed. Total IDDT fidelity significantly improved from baseline fidelity review (68) to second review (40) [t(38) = 35...
May 28, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
Julie L Globokar, Edna Erez, Carol R Gregory
In contrast to works on victim advocacy in specific organizational contexts, this article introduces the term "victim work" to capture the vast array of victim-related roles and tasks that have proliferated in recent decades. Data are derived from in-depth interviews with 30 "victim workers" in public and private agencies in two Midwestern states. The interviews revealed diverse work experiences that spanned hotlines, crisis response, legal proceedings, and postconviction support. Three themes emerged that characterize "victim work": flexibility, emotions, and the challenge of "fit"-the multifaceted difficulties of interacting with victims and agents of the justice system...
May 25, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Akiomi Inoue, Norito Kawakami, Hisashi Eguchi, Akizumi Tsutsumi
PURPOSE: We examined the modifying effect of cigarette smoking (i.e., smokers vs. non-smokers) on the association of organizational justice (i.e., procedural justice and interactional justice) with serious psychological distress (SPD) in Japanese employees. METHODS: Overall, 2838 participants from two factories of a manufacturing company in Japan completed a self-administered questionnaire comprising the scales on organizational justice (Organizational Justice Questionnaire), smoking status, psychological distress (K6 scale), demographic and occupational characteristics (i...
August 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Farzad Faraji Khiavi, Kamal Shakhi, Roohallah Dehghani, Mansour Zahiri
INTRODUCTION: Organizational justice is an intricate concept that refers to fair and ethical conduct of individuals within organizations. No research has been conducted on the variables associated with organizational justice in rehabilitation clinics. Thus, the aim of this research was to determine the correlation between organizational justice and organizational trust among the employees of rehabilitation clinics in hospitals of Ahvaz, Iran. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional research, and it was conducted on 140 rehabilitation staff members of hospital clinics in Ahvaz...
February 2016: Electronic Physician
Töres Theorell, Katarina Jood, Lisbeth Slunga Järvholm, Eva Vingård, Joep Perk, Per Olov Östergren, Charlotte Hall
BACKGROUND: There is need for an updated systematic review of associations between occupational exposures and ischaemic heart disease (IHD), using the GRADE system. METHODS: HASH(0x4865718) INCLUSION CRITERIA: (i) publication in English in peer-reviewed journal between 1985 and 2014, (ii) quantified relationship between occupational exposure (psychosocial, organizational, physical and other ergonomic job factors) and IHD outcome, (iii) cohort studies with at least 1000 participants or comparable case-control studies with at least 50 + 50 participants, (iv) assessments of exposure and outcome at baseline as well as at follow-up and (v) gender and age analysis...
June 2016: European Journal of Public Health
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