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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191999/chronic-and-episodic-anger-and-gratitude-toward-the-organization-relationships-with-organizational-and-supervisor-supportiveness-and-extrarole-behavior
#1
Michael T Ford, Yanxia Wang, Jiafei Jin, Robert Eisenberger
Gratitude and anger represent 2 fundamental moral emotions in response to help or harm. Research suggests that individuals perceive organizations to have humanlike qualities and thus hold them responsible for helpful or harmful treatment. Given this line of reasoning, we hypothesized that workers direct gratitude toward their organizations in response to supportive treatment and anger toward their organizations in response to unsupportive treatment. Gratitude and anger, in turn, were expected to influence daily extrarole behavior...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166362/organizational-change-psychosocial-work-environment-and-non-disability-early-retirement-a-prospective-study-among-senior-public-employees
#2
Nina Breinegaard, Johan Høy Jensen, Jens Peter Bonde
Objective This study examines the impact of organizational change and psychosocial work environment on non-disability early retirement among senior public service employees. Methods In January and February 2011, Danish senior public service employees aged 58-64 years (N=3254) from the Capital Region of Denmark responded to a survey assessing psychosocial work environment (ie, social capital, organizational justice, and quality of management). Work-unit organizational changes (ie, change of management, merging, demerging, and relocation) were recorded from January 2009 to March 2011...
February 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142388/organizational-justice-and-collaboration-among-nurses-as-correlates-of-violent-assaults-by-patients-in-psychiatric-care
#3
Virve Maaret Pekurinen, Maritta Välimäki, Marianna Virtanen, Paula Salo, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
OBJECTIVES: This study tested the hypothesis that poor organizational justice and collaboration among nurses are associated with increased stress among nurses, which, in turn, increases the likelihood of violent assaults by patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted of nurses in 90 psychiatric inpatient wards in five hospital districts and one regional hospital in Finland. A total of 758 nurses (registered nurses or enrolled/mental health nurses) responded to the survey...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132705/the-juvenile-justice-behavioral-health-services-cascade-a-new-framework-for-measuring-unmet-substance-use-treatment-services-needs-among-adolescent-offenders
#4
Steven Belenko, Danica Knight, Gail A Wasserman, Michael L Dennis, Tisha Wiley, Faye S Taxman, Carrie Oser, Richard Dembo, Angela A Robertson, Jessica Sales
OVERVIEW: Substance use and substance use disorders are highly prevalent among youth under juvenile justice (JJ) supervision, and related to delinquency, psychopathology, social problems, risky sex and sexually transmitted infections, and health problems. However, numerous gaps exist in the identification of behavioral health (BH) problems and in the subsequent referral, initiation and retention in treatment for youth in community justice settings. This reflects both organizational and systems factors, including coordination between justice and BH agencies...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125457/insights-into-nurses-work-exploring-relationships-among-work-attitudes-and-work-related-behaviors
#5
Tyrone Perreira, Whitney Berta, Liane Ginsburg, Jan Barnsley, Monique Herbert
BACKGROUND: Work attitudes have been associated with work productivity. In health care, poor work attitudes have been linked to poor performance, decreased patient safety, and quality care. Hence, the importance, ascribed in the literature, of work that clearly identifies the relationships between and among work attitudes and work behaviors linked to performance. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to better understand the relationships between work attitudes-perceived organizational justice, perceived organizational support (POS), affective commitment-consistently associated with a key type of performance outcome among nurses' organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs)...
January 25, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125256/organizational-climate-and-culture-reflections-on-the-history-of-the-constructs-in-jap
#6
Benjamin Schneider, Vicente González-Romá, Cheri Ostroff, Michael A West
We review the literature on organizational climate and culture paying specific attention to articles published in the Journal of Applied Psychology (JAP) since its first volume in 1917. The article traces the history of the 2 constructs though JAP has been far more important for climate than culture research. We distinguish 4 main periods: the pre-1971 era, with pioneering work on exploring conceptualization and operationalizations of the climate construct; the 1971-1985 era, with foundational work on aggregation issues, outcome-focused climates (on safety and service) and early writings on culture; the 1986-1999 era, characterized by solidification of a focused climate approach to understanding organizational processes (justice, discrimination) and outcomes (safety, service) and the beginnings of survey approaches to culture; and the 2000-2014 era, characterized by multilevel work on climate, climate strength, demonstrated validity for a climate approach to outcomes and processes, and the relationship between leadership and climate and culture...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080122/continuing-our-organizational-mission-a-new-name-for-a-new-time
#7
Deborah Klein Walker, Ryan P Kilmer, Mary I Armstrong
This editorial explains the need for a new name for the American Orthopsychiatric Association (ORTHO). As ORTHO continues their work into the 21st century, they want to better reflect their global membership and focus, increasing the number of partnerships with individuals and organizations, and commitment to a just society. Therefore, ORTHO is changing their name to the Global Alliance for Behavioral Health and Social Justice. It is crucial to underscore that, although the organizations name is changing, the values and principles that inform their work will remain the same...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065888/change-in-organizational-justice-as-a-predictor-of-insomnia-symptoms-longitudinal-study-analysing-observational-data-as-a-non-randomized-pseudo-trial
#8
Tea Lallukka, Jaana I Halonen, Børge Sivertsen, Jaana Pentti, Sari Stenholm, Marianna Virtanen, Paula Salo, Tuula Oksanen, Marko Elovainio, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: Despite injustice at the workplace being a potential source of sleep problems, longitudinal evidence remains scarce. We examined whether changes in perceived organizational justice predicted changes in insomnia symptoms. METHODS: Data on 24 287 Finnish public sector employees (82% women), from three consecutive survey waves between 2000 and 2012, were treated as 'pseudo-trials'. Thus, the analysis of unfavourable changes in organizational justice included participants without insomnia symptoms in Waves 1 and 2, with high organizational justice in Wave 1 and high or low justice in Wave 2 (N = 6307)...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964809/a-feminist-framework-for-nurses-on-boards
#9
Lisa J Sundean, E Carol Polifroni
Nurses' knowledge, skills, and expertise uniquely situate them to contribute to health care transformation as equal partners in organizational board governance. The Institute of Medicine, the 10,000 Nurses on Boards Coalition, and a growing number of nurse and health care scholars advocate nurse board leadership; however, nurses are rarely appointed as voting board members. When no room is made for nurses to take a seat at the table, the opportunity is lost to harness the power of nursing knowledge for health care transformation and social justice...
November 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925219/job-insecurity-and-discretionary-behaviors-social-exchange-perspective-versus-group-value-model
#10
Beatrice Piccoli, Hans De Witte, William D Reisel
This study examines the relationship between job insecurity and discretionary behaviors, that is, organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) and counterproductive work behaviors (CWB), with the purpose to extend knowledge on the theoretical explanations for these outcomes. Considering the employment relationship with the organization, two different perspectives are suggested and compared in a multiple mediator model, in order to understand the reasons for discretionary behaviors. We draw upon social exchange theory as the basis of psychological contract perceptions and we rely on the group value model to explain organizational justice evaluations...
December 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893254/dynamic-interplay-between-merger-process-justice-and-cognitive-trust-in-top-management-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Janne Kaltiainen, Jukka Lipponen, Brian C Holtz
This study examines two fundamental concerns in the context of organizational change: employees' perceptions of merger process justice and cognitive trust in the top management team. Our main purpose is to better understand the nature of reciprocal relations between these important constructs through a significant change event. Previous research, building mainly on social exchange theory, has framed trust as a consequence of justice perceptions. More recently, scholars have suggested that this view may be overly simplistic and that trust-related cognitions may also represent an important antecedent of justice perceptions...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859407/empowerment-praxis-community-organizing-to-redress-systemic-health-disparities
#12
Jason A Douglas, Cheryl T Grills, Sandra Villanueva, Andrew M Subica
Social and environmental determinants of childhood obesity present a public health dilemma, particularly in low-income communities of color. Case studies of two community-based organizations participating in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Communities Creating Healthy Environments (CCHE) childhood obesity initiative demonstrate multilevel, culturally situated community organizing strategies to address the root causes of this public health disparity. Informed by a 3-lens prescription-Social Justice, Culture-Place, and Organizational Capacity-contained in the CCHE Change Model and Evaluation Frame, we present examples of individual, organizational, and community empowerment to redress systemic inequities that manifest in poor health outcomes for people of color...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852879/examining-the-sources-of-occupational-stress-in-an-emergency-department
#13
S Basu, C Yap, S Mason
BACKGROUND: Previous work has established that health care staff, in particular emergency department (ED) personnel, experience significant occupational stress but the underlying stressors have not been well quantified. Such data inform interventions that can reduce cases of occupational mental illness, burnout, staff turnover and early retirement associated with cumulative stress. AIMS: To develop, implement and evaluate a questionnaire examining the origins of occupational stress in the ED...
December 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812753/organizational-justice-and-insomnia-a-prospective-cohort-study-examining-insomnia-onset-and-persistence
#14
Toshio Hayashi, Yuko Odagiri, Tomoko Takamiya, Yumiko Ohya, Shigeru Inoue
PURPOSE: Insomnia is one of the most common health problems and causes a large social burden. Psychosocial work-related factors are reported to be associated with both insomnia onset and insomnia persistence. However, the association between organizational justice (OJ) and insomnia remains unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of OJ on insomnia persistence, as well as insomnia onset. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a 1-year observational period was conducted...
January 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801614/exploring-predictors-and-consequences-of-embitterment-in-the-workplace
#15
Evie Michailidis, Mark Cropley
Research on the feeling of embitterment at work is still in its infancy. The present study investigated the predictors and consequences of the feeling of embitterment at work. It was hypothesised that organisational injustice as well as over-controlling supervision would predict embitterment at work and that embitterment would be associated with work-related rumination. Three hundred and thirty-seven employees completed an online survey. Regression analysis revealed that procedural injustice and over-controlling supervision were significant predictors of embitterment and that embitterment contributed significantly to the prediction of increased affective rumination and reduction in detachment...
November 21, 2016: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798438/emancipatory-nursing-praxis-a-theory-of-social-justice-in-nursing
#16
Robin R Walter
Emancipatory nursing praxis (ENP) is a middle-range nursing theory of social justice developed from an international, grounded theory study of the critical factors influencing nurses' perceptions of their role in social justice. The ENPs implementing processes (becoming, awakening, engaging, and transforming) and 2 conditional contexts (relational and reflexive) provide an in-depth understanding of the transformative learning process that determines nurse engagement in social justice. Interpretive findings include the voice of Privilege primarily informed ENP theory, the lack of nursing educational and organizational support in social justice role development, and the advocate role should expand to include the role of an ally...
October 28, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732002/moving-beyond-assumptions-of-deviance-the-reconceptualization-and-measurement-of-workplace-gossip
#17
Daniel L Brady, Douglas J Brown, Lindie Hanyu Liang
Despite decades of research from other academic fields arguing that gossip is an important and potentially functional behavior, organizational research has largely assumed that gossip is malicious talk. This has resulted in the proliferation of gossip items in deviance scales, effectively subsuming workplace gossip research into deviance research. In this paper, the authors argue that organizational research has traditionally considered only a very narrow subset of workplace gossip, focusing almost exclusively on extreme negative cases which are not reflective of typical workplace gossip behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725492/what-is-the-purpose-of-the-stress-check-program
#18
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681568/from-work-related-stress-evaluation-to-organizational-wellbeing-promotion-the-case-of-an-italian-pharmaceutical-company
#19
Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Chiara Ghislieri, Riccardo Ghini, Alberto Tortone, Claudio Giovanni Cortese
BACKGROUND: Work-related stress evaluation is a legal requirement for companies that, in some cases, might be seen as an opportunity to examine wellbeing at work and the dimensions related to it, through the involvement of employees. To that end, this study considers the job demands-resources model as a theoretical framework. OBJECTIVES: The study has a twofold objective: a) to describe the process of subjective evaluation carried out in the Italian plant of a pharmaceutical company; and b) to show and discuss results of the analyses performed on variables, examining in detail the relationship between two outcomes (job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion) and some job demands (workload and job effort), job resources (safety climate, clarity of roles, clarity and applicability of procedures, supervisor relational justice and colleague support), and personal resources (internal locus of control and job-related self-efficacy)...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630792/occupational-health-and-safety-and-organizational-commitment-evidence-from-the-ghanaian-mining-industry
#20
Kwesi Amponsah-Tawiah, Justice Mensah
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to examine the relationship and impact of occupational health and safety on employees' organizational commitment in Ghana's mining industry. The study explores occupational health and safety and the different dimensions of organizational commitment. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used for this study. The respondents were selected based on simple random sampling. Out of 400 questionnaires administered, 370 were returned (77...
September 2016: Safety and Health At Work
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