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Organizational justice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080122/continuing-our-organizational-mission-a-new-name-for-a-new-time
#1
Deborah Klein Walker, Ryan P Kilmer, Mary I Armstrong
This editorial explains the need for a new name for the American Orthopsychiatric Association (ORTHO). As ORTHO continues their work into the 21st century, they want to better reflect their global membership and focus, increasing the number of partnerships with individuals and organizations, and commitment to a just society. Therefore, ORTHO is changing their name to the Global Alliance for Behavioral Health and Social Justice. It is crucial to underscore that, although the organizations name is changing, the values and principles that inform their work will remain the same...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065888/change-in-organizational-justice-as-a-predictor-of-insomnia-symptoms-longitudinal-study-analysing-observational-data-as-a-non-randomized-pseudo-trial
#2
Tea Lallukka, Jaana I Halonen, Børge Sivertsen, Jaana Pentti, Sari Stenholm, Marianna Virtanen, Paula Salo, Tuula Oksanen, Marko Elovainio, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: Despite injustice at the workplace being a potential source of sleep problems, longitudinal evidence remains scarce. We examined whether changes in perceived organizational justice predicted changes in insomnia symptoms. METHODS: Data on 24 287 Finnish public sector employees (82% women), from three consecutive survey waves between 2000 and 2012, were treated as 'pseudo-trials'. Thus, the analysis of unfavourable changes in organizational justice included participants without insomnia symptoms in Waves 1 and 2, with high organizational justice in Wave 1 and high or low justice in Wave 2 (N = 6307)...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964809/a-feminist-framework-for-nurses-on-boards
#3
Lisa J Sundean, E Carol Polifroni
Nurses' knowledge, skills, and expertise uniquely situate them to contribute to health care transformation as equal partners in organizational board governance. The Institute of Medicine, the 10,000 Nurses on Boards Coalition, and a growing number of nurse and health care scholars advocate nurse board leadership; however, nurses are rarely appointed as voting board members. When no room is made for nurses to take a seat at the table, the opportunity is lost to harness the power of nursing knowledge for health care transformation and social justice...
November 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925219/job-insecurity-and-discretionary-behaviors-social-exchange-perspective-versus-group-value-model
#4
Beatrice Piccoli, Hans De Witte, William D Reisel
This study examines the relationship between job insecurity and discretionary behaviors, that is, organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) and counterproductive work behaviors (CWB), with the purpose to extend knowledge on the theoretical explanations for these outcomes. Considering the employment relationship with the organization, two different perspectives are suggested and compared in a multiple mediator model, in order to understand the reasons for discretionary behaviors. We draw upon social exchange theory as the basis of psychological contract perceptions and we rely on the group value model to explain organizational justice evaluations...
December 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893254/dynamic-interplay-between-merger-process-justice-and-cognitive-trust-in-top-management-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Janne Kaltiainen, Jukka Lipponen, Brian C Holtz
This study examines two fundamental concerns in the context of organizational change: employees' perceptions of merger process justice and cognitive trust in the top management team. Our main purpose is to better understand the nature of reciprocal relations between these important constructs through a significant change event. Previous research, building mainly on social exchange theory, has framed trust as a consequence of justice perceptions. More recently, scholars have suggested that this view may be overly simplistic and that trust-related cognitions may also represent an important antecedent of justice perceptions...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859407/empowerment-praxis-community-organizing-to-redress-systemic-health-disparities
#6
Jason A Douglas, Cheryl T Grills, Sandra Villanueva, Andrew M Subica
Social and environmental determinants of childhood obesity present a public health dilemma, particularly in low-income communities of color. Case studies of two community-based organizations participating in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Communities Creating Healthy Environments (CCHE) childhood obesity initiative demonstrate multilevel, culturally situated community organizing strategies to address the root causes of this public health disparity. Informed by a 3-lens prescription-Social Justice, Culture-Place, and Organizational Capacity-contained in the CCHE Change Model and Evaluation Frame, we present examples of individual, organizational, and community empowerment to redress systemic inequities that manifest in poor health outcomes for people of color...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852879/examining-the-sources-of-occupational-stress-in-an-emergency-department
#7
S Basu, C Yap, S Mason
BACKGROUND: Previous work has established that health care staff, in particular emergency department (ED) personnel, experience significant occupational stress but the underlying stressors have not been well quantified. Such data inform interventions that can reduce cases of occupational mental illness, burnout, staff turnover and early retirement associated with cumulative stress. AIMS: To develop, implement and evaluate a questionnaire examining the origins of occupational stress in the ED...
December 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812753/organizational-justice-and-insomnia-a-prospective-cohort-study-examining-insomnia-onset-and-persistence
#8
Toshio Hayashi, Yuko Odagiri, Tomoko Takamiya, Yumiko Ohya, Shigeru Inoue
PURPOSE: Insomnia is one of the most common health problems and causes a large social burden. Psychosocial work-related factors are reported to be associated with both insomnia onset and insomnia persistence. However, the association between organizational justice (OJ) and insomnia remains unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of OJ on insomnia persistence, as well as insomnia onset. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a 1-year observational period was conducted...
November 3, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801614/exploring-predictors-and-consequences-of-embitterment-in-the-workplace
#9
Evie Michailidis, Mark Cropley
Research on the feeling of embitterment at work is still in its infancy. The present study investigated the predictors and consequences of the feeling of embitterment at work. It was hypothesised that organisational injustice as well as over-controlling supervision would predict embitterment at work and that embitterment would be associated with work-related rumination. Three hundred and thirty-seven employees completed an online survey. Regression analysis revealed that procedural injustice and over-controlling supervision were significant predictors of embitterment and that embitterment contributed significantly to the prediction of increased affective rumination and reduction in detachment...
November 21, 2016: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798438/emancipatory-nursing-praxis-a-theory-of-social-justice-in-nursing
#10
Robin R Walter
Emancipatory nursing praxis (ENP) is a middle-range nursing theory of social justice developed from an international, grounded theory study of the critical factors influencing nurses' perceptions of their role in social justice. The ENPs implementing processes (becoming, awakening, engaging, and transforming) and 2 conditional contexts (relational and reflexive) provide an in-depth understanding of the transformative learning process that determines nurse engagement in social justice. Interpretive findings include the voice of Privilege primarily informed ENP theory, the lack of nursing educational and organizational support in social justice role development, and the advocate role should expand to include the role of an ally...
October 28, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732002/moving-beyond-assumptions-of-deviance-the-reconceptualization-and-measurement-of-workplace-gossip
#11
Daniel L Brady, Douglas J Brown, Lindie Hanyu Liang
Despite decades of research from other academic fields arguing that gossip is an important and potentially functional behavior, organizational research has largely assumed that gossip is malicious talk. This has resulted in the proliferation of gossip items in deviance scales, effectively subsuming workplace gossip research into deviance research. In this paper, the authors argue that organizational research has traditionally considered only a very narrow subset of workplace gossip, focusing almost exclusively on extreme negative cases which are not reflective of typical workplace gossip behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725492/what-is-the-purpose-of-the-stress-check-program
#12
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681568/from-work-related-stress-evaluation-to-organizational-wellbeing-promotion-the-case-of-an-italian-pharmaceutical-company
#13
Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Chiara Ghislieri, Riccardo Ghini, Alberto Tortone, Claudio Giovanni Cortese
BACKGROUND: Work-related stress evaluation is a legal requirement for companies that, in some cases, might be seen as an opportunity to examine wellbeing at work and the dimensions related to it, through the involvement of employees. To that end, this study considers the job demands-resources model as a theoretical framework. OBJECTIVES: The study has a twofold objective: a) to describe the process of subjective evaluation carried out in the Italian plant of a pharmaceutical company; and b) to show and discuss results of the analyses performed on variables, examining in detail the relationship between two outcomes (job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion) and some job demands (workload and job effort), job resources (safety climate, clarity of roles, clarity and applicability of procedures, supervisor relational justice and colleague support), and personal resources (internal locus of control and job-related self-efficacy)...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630792/occupational-health-and-safety-and-organizational-commitment-evidence-from-the-ghanaian-mining-industry
#14
Kwesi Amponsah-Tawiah, Justice Mensah
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to examine the relationship and impact of occupational health and safety on employees' organizational commitment in Ghana's mining industry. The study explores occupational health and safety and the different dimensions of organizational commitment. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used for this study. The respondents were selected based on simple random sampling. Out of 400 questionnaires administered, 370 were returned (77...
September 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610093/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-predictors-of-perceived-procedural-justice-in-australian-university-staff
#15
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Chris Provis, Carolyn M Boyd
PURPOSE: This study examined the factors that predict employees' perceptions of procedural justice in university settings. The paper also reviews the ethical aspects of justice and psychological contracts within employment relationships. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The study examined the predictors of perceived procedural justice in a two-wave longitudinal sample of 945 employees from 13 universities by applying the Job Demands-Resources theoretical model of stress...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588011/awareness-of-stress-reduction-interventions-on-work-attitudes-the-impact-of-tenure-and-staff-group-in-australian-universities
#16
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Chris Provis, Carolyn M Boyd
This study explored the impact of staff group role and length of organizational tenure in the relationship between the awareness of stress interventions (termed intervention awareness: IA) and the work-related attitudinal outcomes of university employees. A two-wave longitudinal study of a sample of 869 employees from 13 universities completed a psychosocial work factors and health questionnaire. Hierarchical regression analyses examined the contribution of staff role and different lengths of organizational tenure with IA and employees' reports of job satisfaction, affective organizational commitment, trust in senior management, and perceived procedural justice...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552534/work-motivation-in-health-care-a-scoping-literature-review
#17
Tyrone A Perreira, Jennifer Innis, Whitney Berta
AIM: The aim of this scoping literature review was to examine and summarize the factors, context, and processes that influence work motivation of health care workers. METHODS: A scoping literature review was done to answer the question: What is known from the existing empirical literature about factors, context, and processes that influence work motivation of health care workers? This scoping review used the Arksey and O'Malley framework to describe and summarize findings...
December 2016: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520366/influence-of-organizational-characteristics-on-success-in-implementing-process-improvement-goals-in-correctional-treatment-settings
#18
Michael Prendergast, Wayne N Welsh, Lynda Stein, Wayne Lehman, Gerald Melnick, Umme Warda, Michael Shafer, Wendy Ulaszek, Eleni Rodis, Sami Abdel-Salam, Jamieson Duvall
Although research indicates that organizational characteristics substantially influence the adoption and use of evidence-based practices (EBPs), there has been little empirical research on organizational factors most likely to influence successful implementation of EBPs, particularly in criminal justice settings. This study examined organizational characteristics related to the success of change teams in achieving improvements in assessment and case-planning procedures for persons leaving correctional settings and receiving community services...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504655/are-organizational-justice-rules-gendered-reactions-to-men-s-and-women-s-justice-violations
#19
Suzette Caleo
Research has shown that gender role prescriptions can bias reactions to men's and women's work behaviors. The current work draws upon this idea and extends it to consider violations of procedural and interactional justice rules. The results of four experimental studies demonstrate that men and women receive differential performance evaluation ratings and reward recommendations when they violate those organizational justice rules that coincide with the content of prescriptive gender stereotypes. Specifically, women were rated less favorably than men when they exhibited interactional injustice (Study 1 and Study 4), but not when they engaged in procedural injustice (Study 2)...
October 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501162/organizational-justice-and-disability-pension-from-all-causes-depression-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-a-finnish-cohort-study-of-public-sector-employees
#20
Anne Juvani, Tuula Oksanen, Marianna Virtanen, Marko Elovainio, Paula Salo, Jaana Pentti, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
OBJECTIVES: Work-related stress has been linked to increased risk of disability pensioning, but the association between perceived justice of managerial behavior and decision-making processes at the workplace (ie, organizational justice) and risk of disability pensioning remains unknown. We examined the associations of organizational justice and its relational and procedural components with all-cause and diagnosis-specific disability pensions with repeated measures of justice. METHODS: Data from 24 895 employees responding to repeated surveys on organizational justice in 2000-2002 and 2004 were linked to the records of a national register for disability pensions from 2005-2011...
September 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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