keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cockcroft-gault formula

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789986/optimal-equation-for-estimation-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-influence-of-tolvaptan
#1
Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Eiji Higashihara, Takatsugu Okegawa, Isao Miyazaki, Kikuo Nutahara
BACKGROUND: The reliability of various equations for estimating the GFR in ADPKD patients and the influence of tolvaptan on the resulting estimates have not been examined when GFR is calculated on the basis of inulin clearance. METHODS: We obtained baseline and on-tolvaptan measured GFRs (mGFRs), calculated on the basis of inulin clearance, in 114 ADPKD, and these mGFRs were compared with eGFRs calculated according to four basic equations: the MDRD, CKD-EPI, and JSN-CKDI equations and the Cockcroft-Gault formula, as well as the influence of tolvaptan and of inclusion of cystatin C on accuracy of the results...
May 22, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770263/evaluation-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-renal-outcome-following-nephron-sparing-surgery
#2
Gautam Ram Choudhary, Arup Kumar Mandal, Uttam Mete, Ravimohan Mavuduru, Anish Bhatacharia, Anupam Lal, Suresh Goyal
Purpose: Preservation of renal function after nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) is multifactorial and the impact of individual factors on it is still a debate. This prospective study investigates the impact of factors responsible for quantitative and functional outcome after NSS. Patients and Methods: Fifty-two patients of localized renal mass (≤7 cm) were included in the study. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography abdomen was performed for characterization of tumor...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767223/evaluation-of-renal-function-estimation-formulas-specific-to-dynamic-renal-function-for-drug-dosing-in-critically-ill-patients
#3
Lianjie Xiong, Z Kevin Lu, April Miller Quidley, Bebbyn S Alford, P Brandon Bookstaver
OBJECTIVES: The study compared estimated creatinine clearance (eCrCl) between the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation and the Jelliffe, Chiou, and Brater equations designed for estimation in dynamic renal function and resulting antimicrobial dosing concordance of five antimicrobials (cefepime, meropenem, piperacillin/tazobactam, vancomycin, and fluconazole) commonly used in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Electronic medical records were used to identify the target patient population...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736630/variations-in-clinical-management-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-according-to-different-equations-for-estimating-renal-function-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-prospective-cohort
#4
Vincenzo Livio Malavasi, Daniele Pettorelli, Elisa Fantecchi, Cristina Zoccali, Giuliana Laronga, Tommaso Trenti, Gregory Yoke Hong Lip, Giuseppe Boriani
Prescription of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) requires an assessment of renal function (RF) and the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation is traditionally recommended. The objective of the study was to evaluate the potential changes in NOACs management using different equations for estimating RF. In a post hoc analysis of a prospective cohort of patients with atrial fibrillation, we considered different equations: (1) CG for creatinine clearance (CrCl), (2) modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD), (3) CKD-EPI, (4) Berlin Initiative Study 1 (BIS-1) and (5) full age spectrum (FAS), for glomerular filtration rate (GFR)...
May 7, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684175/aminoglycoside-exposure-and-renal-function-before-lung-transplantation-in-adult-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#5
Etienne Novel-Catin, Solenne Pelletier, Quitterie Reynaud, Raphaele Nove-Josserand, Stephane Durupt, Laurence Dubourg, Isabelle Durieu, Denis Fouque
Background: Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at risk of kidney injury even before undergoing lung transplantation, because of prolonged exposure to aminoglycosides (AGs), chronic dehydration and complications of diabetes mellitus. The usual equations estimating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), such as Cockcroft-Gault and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease, are not adapted to the CF population due to patients' low body weight and reduced muscle mass. The aim of this study was to precisely measure GFR in adult CF patients and to see whether repeated AG treatment would impair renal function before lung transplantation...
April 18, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660234/evaluation-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-cancer-patients-is-there-a-preferred-estimation-formula
#6
Ghassan Sleilalty, Elie El Rassy, Tarek Assi, Nathalie Al Rassy, Jessica Naseh, Jamale Rizkallah, Serge Finianos, Hiba Azar, Dania Nehme Chelala, Fadi El Karak, Joseph Kattan, Marwan Ghosn
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of chronic kidney disease in cancer patients seems to rely mostly on the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) formula or the creatinine levels to adjust treatment dosages which is a practice refuted by internists. AIMS: We evaluate the overall agreement of the CG, MDRD and CKD-EPI equation with the newly devised Janowitz and Williams' (JW) equation. METHODS: The renal function was estimated in 235 cancer patients according to the CG, MDRD, body surface area (BSA)-adjusted MDRD, CKD-EPI, BSA-adjusted CKD-EPI and JW formulae...
April 16, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650358/prognostic-relevance-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimation-obtained-through-different-equations-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients
#7
Paolo Gallo, Antonio De Vincentis, Claudio Pedone, Alessandro Nobili, Mauro Tettamanti, Umberto Vespasiani Gentilucci, Antonio Picardi, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi
The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is a predictor of important outcomes and its reduction has been associated with the risk of all-cause mortality in both general population and elderly patients. However while reduced renal function is common in older people, the best method for estimating GFR remains unclear, especially in an acute care setting. Most studies analyzing the accuracy of eGFR in the elderly were carried out in different heterogeneous settings. In this study, we compare the prognostic value of different formulas estimating GFR in predicting the risk of in-hospital morbidity and mortality within 3 months from discharge in elderly hospitalized patients...
April 9, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594677/monitoring-of-gentamicin-serum-concentrations-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-patients-in-namibia
#8
Bonifasius S Singu, Mwangana Mubita, Moses M Thikukutu, Josef K Mufenda, Shonag B McKenzie, Roger K Verbeeck
Background Therapeutic drug monitoring is frequently used to optimize the gentamicin dose. Objective The study investigated whether a 240 mg once daily standard dose achieves the recommended target serum gentamicin concentrations. Setting The prospective, observational study took place in the 2 major public hospitals in Namibia. Method Twenty-nine female patients receiving a standard dose (240 mg gentamicin once daily) participated in the study. Two blood samples were withdrawn to estimate gentamicin pharmacokinetic parameters...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576445/feasibility-of-cisplatin-based-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-patients-with-diminished-renal-function
#9
Vadim S Koshkin, Pedro C Barata, Lisa A Rybicki, Haris Zahoor, Nima Almassi, Alicia M Redden, Amr F Fergany, Jihad Kaouk, Georges-Pascal Haber, Andrew J Stephenson, Moshe C Ornstein, Timothy Gilligan, Jorge A Garcia, Brian I Rini, Petros Grivas
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) before radical cystectomy is the standard of care in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. There are limited data regarding chemotherapy tolerability and outcomes for patients with low glomerular filtration rate (GFR) who receive cisplatin-based NAC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who received cisplatin-based NAC at Cleveland Clinic (2005-2016) was undertaken. Patients with pre-NAC GFR < 60 mL/min by either Cockcroft-Gault (CG) or Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula were compared to patients with GFR ≥ 60 mL/min for NAC tolerability, pathologic complete and partial response (pPR), and the ability to undergo radical cystectomy...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575113/renal-volume-assessed-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-volumetry-correlates-with-renal-function-in-living-kidney-donors-pre-and-postdonation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Daniel Lange, Andreas Helck, Axel Rominger, Alexander Crispin, Bruno Meiser, Jens Werner, Michael Fischereder, Manfred Stangl, Antje Habicht
Renal function of potential living kidney donors is routinely assessed with scintigraphy. Kidney anatomy is evaluated by imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We evaluated if a MRI-based renal volumetry is a good predictor of kidney function pre- and postdonation. We retrospectively analyzed the renal volume (RV) in a MRI of 100 living kidney donors. RV was correlated with the tubular excretion rate (TER) of MAG3-scintigraphy, a measured creatinine clearance (CrCl), and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by Cockcroft-Gault (CG), CKD-EPI, and modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) formula pre- and postdonation during a follow-up of 3 years...
March 25, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540229/a-comparison-of-nephrotoxicity-between-patients-with-a-solitary-functioning-kidney-and-those-with-bilateral-functioning-kidneys-in-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-for-advanced-urothelial-carcinoma-a-japanese-retrospective-multi-institutional-study
#11
Takamitsu Inoue, Jun Miyazaki, Daishi Ichioka, Shintaro Narita, Susumu Kageyama, Mikio Sugimoto, Koji Mitsuzuka, Yusuke Shiraishi, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Hironobu Wakeda, Takeshi Nomoto, Eiji Kikuchi, Yoshiyuki Matsui, Keiko Fujie, Tomonori Habuchi, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
BACKGROUND: To compare the prevalence of nephrotoxicity between patients with a solitary-functioning kidney versus those with bilateral-functioning kidneys during the administration of cisplatin-based chemotherapy for advanced urothelial carcinoma. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 244 advanced urothelial carcinoma patients treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy between 2004 and 2010 at 17 institutes in Japan. The 24 h creatinine clearance, Cockcroft-Gault formula, and estimated glomerular filtration rate equation (eGFR), were compared before all chemotherapies...
March 14, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380856/peripheral-blood-leukocyte-telomere-length-is-associated-with-age-but-not-renal-function-a-cross-sectional-follow-up-study
#12
W-G Zhang, L-P Jia, J Ma, S-Y Zhu, S-S Nie, K-K Song, X-M Liu, Y-P Zhang, D Cao, X-P Yang, D-L Zhao, M-J Xiu, L Lin, Z-X Li, Q Huang, X-Z Chen, L Chen, P Wang, X-J Bai, Z Feng, B Fu, J Hunag, J-P Zhang, G-Y Cai, X-F Sun, X-M Chen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between baseline renal function and changes in telomere length in Han Chinese. METHODS: The telomere restriction fragment (TRF) length of leukocytes in the peripheral blood was measured in healthy volunteers recruited in 2014. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated based on serum creatinine (Scr) and serum cystatin C (CysC)-eGFRcys and eGFRScr-cys through the Cockcroft-Gault formula (eGFRC-G) or the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI / eGFRCKD-EPI) equation...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352692/ckd-epi-versus-cockcroft-gault-formula-for-predicting-contrast-induced-nephropathy-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-without-significant-renal-impairment
#13
COMMENT
Mário B G Nunes, Antônio C Filho, Valéria R C Alvares, Rafael Meneguz-Moreno, Edgar Lamas, Vitor Loures, Daniel Chamié, Alexandre Abizaid
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m2 estimated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula (CG) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) frequently develop contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). This study aimed to assess whether individuals with significant renal impairment assessed by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula, but not by CG, more often develop CIN following PCI than those without renal impairment by either formula...
January 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303881/association-between-optic-disc-hemorrhage-and-renal-function-in-south-korea
#14
Jae Yeun Lee, Joon Mo Kim, Seong Hee Shim, Jin Young Lee, Chungkwon Yoo, Yu Sam Won, Young Youl Hyun, Ki Ho Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to investigate the relationship between renal function and disc hemorrhage (DH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional survey was conducted at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Health Screening Center between August 2012 and July 2013, and a total of 168,044 participants at least 20 years of age who voluntarily visited the health screening center for systemic and ophthalmologic examinations, including fundus photography, were enrolled...
March 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299887/is-the-homocysteine-level-a-good-predictive-marker-for-evaluating-kidney-function-in-patients-after-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#15
Ismail Karlidag, Deniz Abat, Adem Altunkol, Volkan Izol, Erkan Demir, Ibrahim Atilla Aridogan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the preoperative, early and late postoperative homocysteine levels and its relationship with kidney function in patients after undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients with kidney stones underwent PNL and blood samples were taken preoperatively as well as at 48 hours and three months after the operation. The homocysteine level was determined by high pressure liquid chromatography and the fluorometric method in blood samples with ethylenediaminetetraaceticacid...
January 4, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299798/mild-renal-dysfunction-defined-by-creatinine-clearance-rate-has-limited-impact-on-clinical-outcomes-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#16
Shuntaro Ikegawa, Ken-Ichi Matsuoka, Tomoko Inomata, Naoto Ikeda, Hiroyuki Sugiura, Taiga Kuroi, Takeru Asano, Shohei Yoshida, Hisakazu Nishimori, Nobuharu Fujii, Eisei Kondo, Yoshinobu Maeda, Mitsune Tanimoto
Creatinine clearance rate (Ccr) is a more accurate indicator of renal function than serum creatinine. Data are sparse regarding the prognostic value of renal impairment calculated using Ccr in patients who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We performed a retrospective analysis of 185 patients who underwent allo-HSCT. These patients were divided into two groups by Ccr (ml/min) before transplantation; one showed normal renal function (Ccr ≥ 60, n = 156) and the other showed mild renal dysfunction (30 ≤ Ccr < 60, n = 29), and transplant outcomes were compared between the groups...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283932/glomerular-filtration-rate-is-unchanged-by-ultramarathon
#17
Wojciech Wołyniec, Wojciech Ratkowski, Katarzyna Kasprowicz, Zbigniew Jastrzębski, Sylwia Małgorzewicz, Konrad Witek, Tomasz Grzywacz, Piotr Żmijewski, Marcin Renke
THE MAIN PROBLEM: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is reported as a common complication of marathon and ultramarathon running. In previous studies AKI was diagnosed on the basis of the creatinine level in serum and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). In the present study we calculated eGFR and also measured creatinine clearance after every 25 km of a 100 km run. METHODS: 20 healthy, amateur runners (males, mean age 40.75 ± 7.15 years, mean weight 76.87 ± 8.39 kg) took part in a 100 km run on a track...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096403/impact-of-lean-mass-and-bone-density-on-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimation-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#18
Corinne Isnard Bagnis, Laurence Pieroni, Rachida Inaoui, Philippe Maksud, Stéphanie Lallauret, Marc-Antoine Valantin, Roland Tubiana, Christine Katlama, Gilbert Deray, Marie Courbebaisse, Jérôme Tourret, Sophie Tezenas du Montcel
CONTEXT: Chronic kidney disease is a frequent complication in persons living with HIV/AIDS. Although previous studies have suggested that the CKD-EPI formula is appropriate to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in HIV-positive adults with normal kidney function, the optimal way to estimate GFR in those with Stage 3 chronic kidney disease is not known. Moreover, the impact of muscle mass on creatinine level and GFR estimation is unknown. AIM AND METHODS: Our study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of different diagnostic tests available compared to the gold standard measurement of GFR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064262/prognostic-comparison-between-creatinine-based-glomerular-filtration-rate-formulas-for-the-prediction-of-10-year-outcome-in-patients-with-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-treated-by-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#19
Piercarlo Ballo, Tania Chechi, Gaia Spaziani, Veronica Fibbi, Duccio Conti, Giuseppe Ferro, Santi Nigrelli, Pietro Dattolo, Antonio Fazi, Giovanni Maria Santoro, Alfredo Zuppiroli, Francesco Pizzarelli
BACKGROUND: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is a predictor of outcome among patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), but which estimation formula provides the best long-term risk stratification in this setting is still unclear. We compared the prognostic performance of four creatinine-based formulas for the prediction of 10-year outcome in a NSTE-ACS population treated by percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: In 222 NSTE-ACS patients submitted to percutaneous coronary intervention, eGFR was calculated using four formulas: Cockcroft-Gault, re-expressed modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD), chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-Epi), and Mayo-quadratic...
March 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977791/estimation-of-urinary-creatinine-excretion-and-prediction-of-renal-function-in-morbidly-obese-patients-new-tools-from-body-composition-analysis
#20
Carlo Donadio, Diego Moriconi, Rossana Berta, Marco Anselmino
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In obese subjects the accuracy of prediction of renal function is quite low. The aim of this study was to obtain a more accurate estimate of urinary creatinine excretion (UCr), creatinine clearance (CCr), and GFR from body cell mass (BCM). METHODS: Seventy-three adult morbidly obese patients (BMI 35.2-64.5 kg/m2) were examined. BCM was calculated from body impedance analysis. CCr was measured (mCCr) and was predicted from BCM and antropometric data (MR-BCMCCr), with Cockcroft and Gault (C&GCCr) and Salazar and Corcoran (S&CCCr) formulas...
2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
keyword
keyword
85089
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"