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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028600/physico-chemical-characterization-of-playground-sand-dust-inhalable-and-bioaccessible-fractions
#1
Iris H Valido, Elio Padoan, Teresa Moreno, Xavier Querol, Oriol Font, Fulvio Amato
Dust is a mixture of natural and anthropogenic particles originated from multiple sources, which can represent an hazard for human health. Playgrounds are a site of particularly concern, due to sand dust ingestion by toddlers and inhalation. In this study, 37 sands used in public playgrounds in the city of Barcelona were physico-chemically characterized also in relation to routine maintenance activities such as disinfection and sand renewal. The analyzed sands show a felsic mineralogy dominated by Na-feldspar, quartz, and, to a lesser extent, K-feldspar, with minor amounts of clay minerals, carbonates and hematite...
September 25, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994145/adherence-to-barcelona-clinic-liver-cancer-guidelines-in-field-practice-results-of-progetto-epatocarcinoma-campania
#2
Maria Guarino, Raffaella Tortora, Giorgio de Stefano, Carmine Coppola, Filomena Morisco, Angelo Salomone Megna, Francesco Izzo, Gerardo Nardone, Guido Piai, Luigi Elio Adinolfi, Giuseppe D'Adamo, Giovanni Battista Gaeta, Vincenzo Messina, Giampiero Francica, Vincenzo De Girolamo, Nicola Coppola, Marcello Persico, Giovan Giuseppe Di Costanzo
BACKGROUND: The BCLC algorithm is the standard system for clinical management of HCC. Data on adherence to this therapeutic paradigm are scarce. AIMS: This field-practice study aimed to provide a description of HCC cirrhotic patients in Southern Italy, to evaluate the adherence to BCLC guidelines and its impact on patients' survival. METHODS: We analyzed the region-wide Italian database of Progetto Epatocarcinoma Campania, which includes data of HCC cirrhotic patients, prospectively collected from January 2013 to December 2015 in 16 regional centers...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993990/esmrmb-2017-34th-annual-scientific-meeting-barcelona-es-october-19-october-21-author-index
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993989/esmrmb-2017-34th-annual-scientific-meeting-barcelona-es-october-19-october-21-abstracts-friday
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993988/esmrmb-2017-34th-annual-scientific-meeting-barcelona-es-october-19-october-21-abstracts-saturday
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993987/esmrmb-2017-34th-annual-scientific-meeting-barcelona-es-october-19-october-21-abstracts-thursday
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993986/esmrmb-2017-34th-annual-scientific-meeting-barcelona-es-october-19-october-21-electronic-posters-paper-posters-clinical-review-posters-software-exhibits
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989094/impact-of-time-to-surgery-in-the-outcome-of-patients-with-liver-resection-for-bclc-0-a-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Chetana Lim, Prashant Bhangui, Chady Salloum, Concepción Gómez Gavara, Eylon Lahat, Alain Luciani, Philippe Compagnon, Julien Calderaro, Cyrille Feray, Daniel Azoulay
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) guidelines recommend resection for very early and early single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. It is not known whether a delay in resection from the time of diagnosis (the time-to-surgery (TTS), i.e., the elapsed time from diagnosis to surgery) affects outcomes. We aim to evaluate the impact of TTS on the recurrence and survival outcomes. METHODS: All patients resected for BCLC stage 0-A single HCC from 2006 to 2016 were studied to evaluate the impact of TTS on recurrence rate, recurrence-free survival (RFS), transplantability following recurrence, and intention-to-treat overall survival (ITT-OS)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987770/prognostic-scores-for-sorafenib-treated-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-a-new-application-for-the-hepatoma-arterial-embolisation-prognostic-score
#9
J Edeline, J-F Blanc, B Campillo-Gimenez, Y-T Ma, J King, O Faluyi, J Mathurin, S Ghazi, D H Palmer, T Meyer
BACKGROUND: No prognostic classification is currently used for patients treated with systemic therapies for Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from patients treated with sorafenib for HCC from five centres in France and in the United Kingdom (UK). The training set comprised data from two centres and the validation set from three. Variables independently associated with Overall Survival (OS) in the training set were used to build the SAP (Sorafenib Advanced HCC Prognosis) score...
October 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982077/urban-wild-boars-prefer-fragmented-areas-with-food-resources-near-natural-corridors
#10
Raquel Castillo-Contreras, João Carvalho, Emmanuel Serrano, Gregorio Mentaberre, Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Andreu Colom, Carlos González-Crespo, Santiago Lavín, Jorge R López-Olvera
Wild boar populations are expanding throughout the world and intruding into periurban and urban areas. In the last years, wild boar has colonized several European cities, including our study area, the city of Barcelona. It is required to identify the main factors driving wild boar into urban areas prior to establish management measures. We built Boosted Regression Trees (BRT) using 3148 wild boar presences registered in the urban area of Barcelona from 2010 to 2014 to identify the variables correlated with these presences...
October 2, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980376/hepatitis-a-outbreak-in-barcelona-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-january-june-2017-a-hospital-perspective
#11
Sergio Rodríguez-Tajes, Elena Perpiñán, Berta Caballol, Sabela Lens, Zoe Mariño, Josep Costa, Anna Vilella, Sofía Pérez-Del-Pulgar, Xavier Forns, George Koutsoudakis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute hepatitis A is transmitted mainly via the fecal-oral route and/or contaminated aliment. Furthermore, several outbreaks in the men who have sex with men (MSM) population classified hepatitis A as a sexually transmitted disease (STD). We aimed to clarify an ongoing hepatitis A outbreak in Barcelona with respect to patients' characteristics and viral phylogenetic analysis. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 46 cases of hepatitis A infection that were registered in our hospital between January and June 2017...
October 4, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978310/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-suicide-mortality-before-and-after-the-economic-recession-in-spain
#12
Carme Borrell, Marc Marí-Dell'Olmo, Mercè Gotsens, Montse Calvo, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Xavier Bartoll, Santiago Esnaola
BACKGROUND: An increase in suicide mortality is often observed in economic recessions. The objective of this study was to analyse trends in socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality before and during the economic recession in two geographical settings in Spain. METHODS: This study analyses inequalities in mortality according to educational level during 3 different time periods based on individual data from the Basque Country and Barcelona city. We analysed suicide mortality data for all residents over 25 years of age from 2001 to 2012...
October 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977851/downregulation-of-serum-rab27b-confers-improved-prognosis-and-is-associated-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-through-pi3k-akt-p21-signaling
#13
Xue Yang, Xieqiong Ye, Le Sun, Fangyuan Gao, Yuxin Li, Xiaomin Ji, Xuejiang Wang, Ying Feng, Xianbo Wang
Previous study revealed that elevated expression of RAB27B in tissues is correlated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression; however, the mechanisms involved in promoting HCC development are still unclear. Moreover, HCC tissues are not readily obtained during routine diagnosis. Therefore, to further explore its potential value in early diagnosis, we examined RAB27B expression in patient sera. First, the correlation between serum RAB27B expression and survival, as well as TNM and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stages, were evaluated in patients with HCC...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974984/transarterial-infusion-of-epirubicin-and-cisplatin-combined-with-systemic-infusion-of-5-fluorouracil-versus-transarterial-chemoembolization-using-doxorubicin-for-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-tumor-thrombosis-a-retrospective-analysis
#14
Sung Won Lee, Hae Lim Lee, Nam Ik Han, Jung Hyun Kwon, Soon Woo Nam, Jeong Won Jang, Si Hyun Bae, Jong Young Choi, Seung Kew Yoon
BACKGROUND: More than one-third of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients are diagnosed at advanced stage with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) or extrahepatic metastasis. However, the outcomes of current therapeutic approaches are unsatisfactory. As a novel therapeutic strategy for unresectable HCC with PVTT, we analyzed the outcomes of transarterial infusion of epirubicin and cisplatin combined with systemic infusion of 5-fluorouracil (TAC-ECF) and compared its therapeutic effects and toxicity with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) using doxorubicin (DOX)...
October 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974010/living-close-to-natural-outdoor-environments-in-four-european-cities-adults-contact-with-the-environments-and-physical-activity
#15
Margarita Triguero-Mas, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Edmund Seto, Antònia Valentín, Graham Smith, David Martínez, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Daniel Masterson, Magdalena van den Berg, Albert Ambròs, Tania Martínez-Íñiguez, Audrius Dedele, Gemma Hurst, Naomi Ellis, Tomas Grazulevicius, Martin Voorsmit, Marta Cirach, Judith Cirac-Claveras, Wim Swart, Eddy Clasquin, Jolanda Maas, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Michael Jerrett, Regina Gražulevičienė, Hanneke Kruize, Christopher J Gidlow, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
This study investigated whether residential availability of natural outdoor environments (NOE) was associated with contact with NOE, overall physical activity and physical activity in NOE, in four different European cities using objective measures. A nested cross-sectional study was conducted in Barcelona (Spain); Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom); Doetinchem (The Netherlands); and Kaunas (Lithuania). Smartphones were used to collect information on the location and physical activity (overall and NOE) of around 100 residents of each city over seven days...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969505/the-role-of-contextual-socioeconomic-circumstances-and-neighborhood-poverty-segregation-on-mortality-in-4-european-cities
#16
Chiara Marinacci, Moreno Demaria, Giulia Melis, Carme Borrell, Diana Corman, Marc Marí Dell'Olmo, Maica Rodriguez, Giuseppe Costa
Several studies have recognized the health disadvantage of residents in socioeconomically deprived neighborhoods, independent of the influence of individual socioeconomic conditions. The effect of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation on general mortality has appeared heterogeneous among the cities analyzed: the underlying mechanisms have been less empirically explored, and explanations for this heterogeneous health effect remain unclear. The present study aimed to: (1) analyze the distribution of socioeconomically disadvantaged persons in neighborhoods of 4 European cities-Turin, Barcelona, Stockholm and Helsinki-trying to measure segregation of residents according to their socioeconomic conditions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968857/gearing-up-to-handle-the-mosaic-nature-of-life-in-the-quest-for-orthologs
#17
Kristoffer Forslund, Cecile Pereira, Salvador Capella-Gutierrez, Alan Sousa da Silva, Adrian Altenhoff, Jaime Huerta-Cepas, Matthieu Muffato, Mateus Patricio, Klaas Vandepoele, Ingo Ebersberger, Judith Blake, Jesualdo Tomás Fernández Breis, Brigitte Boeckmann, Toni Gabaldón, Erik Sonnhammer, Christophe Dessimoz, Suzanna Lewis
The Quest for Orthologs (QfO) is an open collaboration framework for experts in comparative phylogenomics and related research areas who have an interest in highly accurate orthology predictions and their applications. We here report highlights and discussion points from the QfO meeting 2015 held in Barcelona. Achievements in recent years have established a basis to support developments for improved orthology prediction and to explore new approaches. Central to the QfO effort is proper benchmarking of methods and services, as well as design of standardized datasets and standardized formats to allow sharing and comparison of results...
August 30, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968529/the-hidden-costs-of-terrorism-the-effects-on-health-at-birth
#18
Climent Quintana-Domeque, Pedro Ródenas-Serrano
We study the effects of in utero exposure to terrorism in Spain on birth outcomes, focusing on terrorism perpetrated by ETA during the period 1980-2003. We find that in utero exposure to terrorism early in pregnancy, as measured by the number of bomb casualties in the mother's province of residence in the first trimester of pregnancy, has detrimental effects on birth outcomes: in terms of average birth weight (lower), prevalence of low birth weight (higher) and fraction of "normal" babies (lower). While our findings are robust to a host of potential threats to validity, they seem to be driven by exposure to a relatively large number of bomb casualties...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963744/factors-associated-with-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-after-surgical-treatment-of-rectal-cancer
#19
Luis Miguel Jimenez-Gomez, Eloy Espin-Basany, Loris Trenti, Marc Martí-Gallostra, José Luis Sánchez-García, Francesc Vallribera-Valls, Esther Kreisler, Sebastiano Biondo, Manuel Armengol-Carrasco
AIM: To assess factors independently associated with low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) following resection or rectal cancer. METHOD: Cross-sectional study carried out in two acute-care teaching hospitals in Barcelona, Spain. Patients who had undergone sphincter preserving low anterior resection with curative intent, with total or partial mesorectal excision (with and without protective ileostomy) between January 2001 and December 2009 completed a self-administered questionnaire to assess bowel dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery...
September 29, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959228/effectiveness-of-the-what-s-up-intervention-to-reduce-stigma-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-youth-program-questionnaire-ypq-results-from-a-cluster-non-randomized-controlled-trial-conducted-in-catalan-high-schools
#20
Laura Andrés-Rodríguez, Adrián Pérez-Aranda, Albert Feliu-Soler, María Rubio-Valera, Ignacio Aznar-Lou, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Miquel Juncosa, Anaïs Tosas, Albert Bernadàs, Juan V Luciano
Mental disorders are highly prevalent in the general population, and people who experience them are frequently stigmatized. Stigma has a very negative impact on social, academic/professional, and personal life. Considering the high rates of mental disorders among children and adolescents (13.4%) and how critical this age is in the formation of nuclear beliefs, many campaigns to combat stigma have been developed in the last decade, with mixed results. The OBERTAMENT initiative has produced various anti-stigma campaigns in Catalonia (Spain)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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