keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Type 2 myocardial infarction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912739/comparing-the-adverse-clinical-outcomes-associated-with-fraction-flow-reserve-guided-versus-angiography-guided-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Chandra Mouli Yanamala, Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Recently published randomized controlled trials have shown different results compared to the Fraction Flow Reserve Versus Angiography for Multi-vessel Evaluation (FAME) study. Therefore, this current analysis aimed to compare the adverse clinical outcomes associated with Fraction Flow Reserve (FFR)-guided versus standard angiography-guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) using a large number of randomized patients. METHODS: PubMed/Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane library were searched for studies comparing FFR-guided with angiography-guided PCI...
December 3, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912129/incidence-of-complications-in-young-onset-diabetes-comparing-type-2-with-type-1-the-young-diab-study
#2
Anandakumar Amutha, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Ulagamathesan Venkatesan, Harish Ranjani, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, K M Venkat Narayan, Viswanathan Mohan, Mohammed K Ali
BACKGROUND: There is little data on the incidence of diabetes complications in young onset type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in non European populations. METHODS: From a tertiary diabetes centre, Chennai, India, we recruited 108 T1DM (defined by abrupt onset of symptoms or diabetic ketoacidosis, absent insulin reserve requiring insulin treatment) and 90 T2DM participants (defined by absence of ketosis, good beta-cell reserve, and good response to oral agents) who were diagnosed between the ages of 10 and 25years, and without any evidence of diabetes complications at diagnosis...
November 17, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909014/sodium-4-phenylbutyrate-attenuates-myocardial-reperfusion-injury-by-reducing-the-unfolded-protein-response
#3
Osamu Takatori, Soichiro Usui, Masaki Okajima, Shuichi Kaneko, Hiroshi Ootsuji, Shin-Ichiro Takashima, Daisuke Kobayashi, Hisayoshi Murai, Hiroshi Furusho, Masayuki Takamura
BACKGROUND: The unfolded protein response (UPR) plays a pivotal role in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in various organs such as heart, brain, and liver. Sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (PBA) reportedly acts as a chemical chaperone that reduces UPR. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of PBA on reducing the UPR and protecting against myocardial I/R injury in mice. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to 30-minute myocardial I/R, and were treated with phosphate-buffered saline (as a vehicle) or PBA...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908815/regional-variation-in-postoperative-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-undergoing-vascular-surgery-in-the-united-states
#4
Andrea M Steely, Peter W Callas, Daniel Neal, Salvatore T Scali, Philip P Goodney, Andres Schanzer, Jack L Cronenwett, Daniel J Bertges
OBJECTIVE: To assess for regional variation in the incidence of postoperative myocardial infarction (POMI) following non-emergent vascular surgery across the United States in order to identify potential areas for quality improvement initiatives. METHODS: We evaluated POMI rates across 17 regional Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) groups comprised of 243 centers with 1,343 surgeons who performed 75,057 vascular operations from 2010-2014. Four procedures were included in the analysis: carotid endarterectomy (CEA, n=39,118), endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair (EVAR, n=15,106), infra-inguinal bypass (INFRA, n=17,176), and open infra-renal AAA repair (OAAA, n=3,657)...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908351/pim1-kinase-overexpression-enhances-ckit-cardiac-stem-cell-cardiac-repair-following-myocardial-infarction-in-swine
#5
Shathiyah Kulandavelu, Vasileios Karantalis, Julia Fritsch, Konstantinos E Hatzistergos, Viky Y Loescher, Frederic McCall, Bo Wang, Luiza Bagno, Samuel Golpanian, Ariel Wolf, Justin Grenet, Adam Williams, Aaron Kupin, Aaron Rosenfeld, Sadia Mohsin, Mark A Sussman, Azorides Morales, Wayne Balkan, Joshua M Hare
BACKGROUND: Pim1 kinase plays an important role in cell division, survival, and commitment of precursor cells towards a myocardial lineage, and overexpression of Pim1 in ckit(+) cardiac stem cells (CSCs) enhances their cardioreparative properties. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to validate the effect of Pim1-modified CSCs in a translationally relevant large animal preclinical model of myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Human cardiac stem cells (hCSCs, n = 10), hckit(+) CSCs overexpressing Pim1 (Pim1(+); n = 9), or placebo (n = 10) were delivered by intramyocardial injection to immunosuppressed Yorkshire swine (n = 29) 2 weeks after MI...
December 6, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905030/involvement-of-the-coronary-bed-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-against-the-background-of-primarily-coronary-and-generalized-atherosclerosis
#6
M A Bakarev, A A Karpova, V I Pichigin, D B Nikityuk, E L Lushnikova
Significant associations between clinical history factors, lipid metabolism parameters, and type of atherosclerotic process (area of vascular lesions and severity of clinical manifestations) were detected. The predominance of generalized atherosclerosis in chronic coronary heart disease group was associated with patients' age, more incident excessive body weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and more severe course of arterial hypertension. Increased lipid spectrum atherogenicity was significantly more often observed in generalized atherosclerosis in the myocardial infarction group...
December 1, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905013/impact-of-stent-type-and-prolonged-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-on-long-term-clinical-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#7
Masahiko Asami, Jiro Aoki, Tatsuyuki Sato, Shuzou Tanimoto, Mika Watanabe, Yu Horiuchi, Koichi Furui, Kentaro Yasuhara, Yu Sato, Takuya Hashimoto, Sen Yachi, Kazuhiro Hara, Kengo Tanabe
The aim of this study was to address 7-year clinical outcomes and impact of prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after coronary stenting in hemodialysis patients. Our study included 123 consecutive hemodialysis patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention with a drug-eluting stent (DES) or bare-metal stent (BMS) (DES: 64, BMS: 59) in our institution. We compared long-term clinical outcomes following DES with BMS implantation as well as clinical outcomes in patients on DAPT for ≥1 year (DAPT on group, 89) with those on DAPT for <1 year (DAPT off group, 34)...
November 30, 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904028/prognostic-value-of-eosinophil-to-leukocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#8
Takao Konishi, Naohiro Funayama, Tadashi Yamamoto, Toru Morita, Daisuke Hotta, Hiroshi Nishihara, Shinya Tanaka
AIM: Leukocyte profile has been related to clinical outcome in patients with ST-segment elevation (STE) myocardial infarction (MI). However, whether eosinophil to leukocyte ratio (ELR) predicts clinical outcome in patients who have undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. Therefore, we examined the prognostic value of ELR in this patient population. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 331 consecutive patients who underwent primary PCI for STEMI between January 2009 and March 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903339/-effect-of-goal-directed-haemodynamic-management-on-the-postoperative-outcome-in-elderly-patients-with-fragile-cardiac-function-undergoing-abdominal-surgery
#9
L S Zheng, E W Gu, X H Peng, L Zhang, Y Y Cao
Objective: To investigate the effect of goal-directed haemodynamic management based on stroke volume variation (SVV), cardiac index (CI) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) on the postoperative outcome in elderly patients with fragile cardiac function undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. Methods: Ninety patients with fragile cardiac function, aged 65-90 years old, ASAⅡ or Ⅲ, NYHA Ⅱor Ⅲ, scheduled for abdominal surgery were enrolled in this study.The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: Experience anesthesia group (group E, n=45) and goal-directed hemodynamic management group (G group, n=45)...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899496/hormonal-contraception-and-risk-of-thromboembolism-in-women-with-diabetes
#10
Sarah H O'Brien, Terah Koch, Sara K Vesely, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate safety of hormonal contraception with regard to thromboembolic events in women with type 1 or 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used data from 2002-2011 in Clinformatics Data Mart to identify women in the U.S., 14-44 years of age, with an ICD-9-CM code for diabetes and a prescription for a diabetic medication or device. We examined contraceptive claims and compared time to thromboembolism (venous thrombosis, stroke, or myocardial infarction) among women with diabetes dispensed hormonal contraception using a modification of Cox regression to control for age, smoking, obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetic complications, and history of cancer; we excluded data for 3 months after women gave birth...
November 29, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896897/expanded-clinical-use-of-everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-for-treatment-of-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Roberto Diletti, Yuki Ishibashi, Cordula Felix, Yoshinobu Onuma, Shimpei Nakatani, Nicolas M van Mieghem, Eveliyn Regar, Marco Valgimigli, Peter P de Jaegere, Nienke van Ditzhuijzen, Jiang Ming Fam, Jurgen M R Ligthart, Mattie J Lenzen, Patrick W Serruys, Felix Zijlstra, Robert Jan van Geuns
BACKGROUND: Limited data are currently available on the performance of everolimus eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) for treatment of complex coronary lesions representative of daily practice. METHODS: This is a prospective, mono-center, single-arm study, reporting data after BVS implantation in patients presenting with stable, unstable angina, or non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction caused by de novo stenotic lesions in native coronary arteries...
November 29, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894787/safety-and-efficacy-of-liraglutide-treatment-in-japanese-type-2-diabetes-patients-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-non-randomized-interventional-pilot-trial
#12
Masataka Kajiwara, Atsushi Tanaka, Tomohiro Kawasaki, Koichi Nakao, Tomohiro Sakamoto, Shigeru Toyoda, Teruo Inoue, Nobuhiko Koga, Koichi Node
BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide 1 analogs are expected to exert a cardio-protective action due to their effective glucose-lowering action and favorable potency on multifactorial metabolic pathways. However, the safety and tolerability of liraglutide treatment after a recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have yet to be fully established. METHODS: A total of eight T2DM patients were recruited within 2 weeks after the onset of a ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) followed by successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893808/common-polymorphisms-in-the-5-lipoxygenase-pathway-and-risk-of-incident-myocardial-infarction-a-danish-case-cohort-study
#13
Anders Gammelmark, Michael S Nielsen, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Anne Tjønneland, Erik B Schmidt, Kim Overvad
BACKGROUND: The 5-lipoxygenase pathway (5-LOX) has been implicated in the development of cardiovascular disease and studies have suggested that genetic polymorphisms related to key enzymes in this pathway may confer risk of myocardial infarction (MI). This study investigated the association of pre-selected genetic polymorphisms in four candidate genes of 5-LOX (arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase and its activating protein (ALOX-5 and FLAP), leukotriene A4 hydroxylase (LTA4-H) and leukotriene C4 synthase (LTC4-S)) with incident MI...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887863/body-mass-index-and-mortality-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-11-449-participants
#14
Hui Liu, Shouling Wu, Yun Li, Lixia Sun, Zhe Huang, Liming Lin, Yan Liu, Chunpeng Ji, Hualing Zhao, Chunhui Li, Lu Song, Hongliang Cong
AIMS: To investigate the association between body-mass index and mortality in Chinese adults T2DM. METHODS: 11,449 participants of Kailuan Study with T2DM were included in this prospective cohort study. All-cause mortality was calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to estimate the association between BMI and mortality. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 7.25±1.42years, 1254 deaths occurred...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884850/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-oral-anticoagulants-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-real-world-practice-a-population-based-cohort-study-protocol
#15
Anne Holbrook, Colin Dormuth, Richard Morrow, Agnes Lee, Sue Troyan, Guowei Li, Eleanor Pullenyegum
INTRODUCTION: Anticoagulants are arguably the most important drug family of all, based on the frequency and duration of their use, and the clinical importance and frequency of benefits and harms. Several direct acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have recently joined warfarin for the treatment of atrial fibrillation, with a resultant significant expansion in use of oral anticoagulants (OACs). Our objectives are to compare safety and effectiveness of DOACs versus warfarin in a full population where anticoagulation management is good and to identify which types of patients do better with DOACs versus warfarin and vice versa...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884845/prevalence-and-determinants-of-carotid-plaque-in-the-cross-sectional-refine-reykjavik-study
#16
Ran Sturlaugsdottir, Thor Aspelund, Gudlaug Bjornsdottir, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Bolli Thorsson, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Vilmundur Gudnason
OBJECTIVE: Carotid plaque and intima-media thickness are non-invasive arterial markers that are used as surrogate end points for cardiovascular disease. The aim was to assess the prevalence and severity of carotid plaque, and examine its determinant risk factors and their association to the common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) in a general population. METHODS: We examined 6524 participants aged 25-69 years in the population-based REFINE (Risk Evaluation For INfarct Estimates)-Reykjavik study...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881568/incident-type-2-myocardial-infarction-in-a-cohort-of-patients-undergoing-coronary-or-peripheral-arterial-angiography
#17
Hanna K Gaggin, Yuyin Liu, Asya Lyass, Roland R van Kimmenade, Shweta R Motiwala, Noreen Kelly, Aditi Mallick, Parul U Gandhi, Nasrien E Ibrahim, Mandy Simon, Anju Bhardwaj, Arianna Belcher, Jamie E Harisiades, Joseph M Massaro, Ralph B D'Agostino, James L Januzzi
BACKGROUND: -Despite growing recognition of Type 2 myocardial infarction (T2MI; related to supply-demand mismatch), little is known about its risk factors or its association with outcome. METHODS: -A single center cohort of patients undergoing coronary or peripheral angiography with or without intervention was prospectively enrolled and followed for incident type 1 and T2MI, as well as major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal MI, heart failure, stroke, transient ischemic attack, peripheral arterial complication and cardiac arrhythmia)...
November 21, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874027/circulating-long-non-coding-rnas-as-biomarkers-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-and-remodelling-in-patients-with-well-controlled-type-2-diabetes
#18
D de Gonzalo-Calvo, F Kenneweg, C Bang, R Toro, R W van der Meer, L J Rijzewijk, J W Smit, H J Lamb, V Llorente-Cortes, T Thum
Contractile dysfunction is underdiagnosed in early stages of diabetic cardiomyopathy. We evaluated the potential of circulating long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) as biomarkers of subclinical cardiac abnormalities in type 2 diabetes. Forty-eight men with well-controlled type 2 diabetes and 12 healthy age-matched volunteers were enrolled in the study. Left ventricular (LV) parameters were measured by magnetic resonance imaging. A panel of lncRNAs was quantified in serum by RT-qPCR. No differences in expression levels of lncRNAs were observed between type 2 diabetes patients and healthy volunteers...
November 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873238/cardiovascular-safety-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-inhibitors-a-meta-analysis-of-placebo-controlled-randomized-trials
#19
Islam Y Elgendy, Ahmed N Mahmoud, Amr F Barakat, Akram Y Elgendy, Marwan Saad, Ahmed Abuzaid, Siddarth A Wayangankar, Anthony A Bavry
BACKGROUND: Large randomized trials have shown conflicting evidence regarding the cardiovascular safety of dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. Systematic reviews have been limited by incomplete data and inclusion of observational studies. This study aimed to systematically evaluate the cardiovascular safety of DPP-4 inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for randomized trials that compared DPP-4 inhibitors versus placebo and reported cardiovascular outcomes...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870655/blood-pressure-treatment-levels-and-choice-of-antihypertensive-agent-in-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#20
Mattias Brunström, Mats Eliasson, Peter M Nilsson, Bo Carlberg
OBJECTIVE: Multiple systematic reviews address the effect of antihypertensive treatment in people with diabetes. Here, we summarize current systematic reviews concerning antihypertensive treatment effect at different blood pressure (BP) levels, and relative treatment effect of different antihypertensive agents. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, BIOSIS, DARE and CDSR during years 2005-2016. Eligibility criteria, number of trials and participants, outcomes analysed, statistical methods used for data synthesis, and principal results were extracted for each review...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
keyword
keyword
85058
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"