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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644211/the-relationship-between-fasting-blood-glucose-variability-and-coronary-artery-collateral-formation-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#1
Gang Cheng, Hilda Mahmoudi, Binna Chokshi, Marlena Fernandez, Vahid Kazemi, Nader Lamaa
BACKGROUND: Coronary collaterals are an alternative source of blood supply to ischemic myocardium. Well-developed coronary collateral arteries in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) limit the size of acute myocardial infarction and improves survival. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between glycemic variability and coronary collateral formation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and CAD. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting procedures were studied...
June 21, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644092/single-and-multiple-cardiovascular-biomarkers-in-subjects-without-a-previous-cardiovascular-event
#2
Manan Pareek, Deepak L Bhatt, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Tor Biering-Sørensen, Arman Qamar, Axel Cp Diederichsen, Jacob Eifer Møller, Peter Hindersson, Margrét Leósdóttir, Martin Magnusson, Peter M Nilsson, Michael H Olsen
Aims To assess the incremental value of biomarkers, including N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15), and procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (P1NP), in predicting incident cardiovascular events and mortality among asymptomatic individuals from the general population, beyond traditional risk factors, including fasting glucose and renal function (cystatin C), medication use, and echocardiographic measures...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641842/long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-patients%C3%A2-treated-with-everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-stents-in-routine-practice-2-year-results-of-the-isar-absorb-registry
#3
Jens Wiebe, Petra Hoppmann, Roisin Colleran, Sebastian Kufner, Michael Valeskini, Salvatore Cassese, Simon Schneider, Michael Joner, Heribert Schunkert, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Adnan Kastrati, Robert A Byrne
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report clinical outcomes in patients treated in routine practice 2 years after everolimus-eluting bioresorbable stent (BRS) implantation. BACKGROUND: Long-term results in patients undergoing BRS implantation in routine clinical practice are sparse, and existing evidence from randomized trials considers mostly selected patients. METHODS: The ISAR-ABSORB registry enrolled consecutive patients undergoing BRS implantation in routine clinical practice at 2 high-volume centers in Germany...
June 26, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641023/cardiovascular-event-incidence-and-cost-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-medicare-claims-based-actuarial-analysis
#4
Kathryn Fitch, Tyler Engel, Stephen Sander, Effie Kuti, Helen Blumen
OBJECTIVE: Assess the economic burden of cardiovascular events in Medicare beneficiaries with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This claims-based actuarial analysis queried 2013 and 2014 Medicare 5% Samples, defining a denominator of fee-for-service beneficiaries. Average per patient per month allowed cost ($PPPM) was calculated for T2DM, demographically adjusted non-T2DM, and denominator. Per member per month allowed cost ($PMPM) was calculated by dividing total population cost by member months in the denominator...
June 22, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640111/comparative-safety-for-cardiovascular-outcomes-of-dpp-4-inhibitors-versus-glimepiride-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Hyouk-Jun Chin, Jin Hyun Nam, Eui-Kyung Lee, Ju-Young Shin
Concerns about the cardiovascular safety of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors persist. This study sought to determine whether there is a differential risk of hospitalization for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) between DPP-4 inhibitors and glimepiride.We conducted this retrospective cohort study by using the Korean National Health Insurance Service database from December 1, 2008, to December 31, 2013. The study subjects were new users of DPP-4 inhibitors or glimepiride for type 2 diabetes. Outcome was defined as hospitalization for CVDs, including angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, transient cerebral ischemic attack, heart failure, or cerebrovascular disease or any procedure involving coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous coronary intervention...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637886/cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-has-the-dawn-of-a-new-era-arrived
#6
Muhammad Abdul-Ghani, Ralph A DeFronzo, Stefano Del Prato, Robert Chilton, Rajvir Singh, Robert E J Ryder
Hyperglycemia is the major risk factor for microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the principal cause of death, and lowering HbA1c has only a modest effect on reducing CVD risk and mortality. The recently published LEADER and SUSTAIN-6 trials demonstrate that, in T2D patients with high CVD risk, the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists liraglutide and semaglutide reduce the primary major adverse cardiac events (MACE) end point (cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke) by 13% and 24%, respectively...
July 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631762/-safety-and-tolerability-of-oral-hypoglycemic-therapies-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#7
Giuseppe Ambrosio, Gaetano M De Ferrari, Massimo Federici, Pasquale Perrone Filardi
Oral hypoglycemic drugs for type 2 diabetes aim at preventing the metabolic effects of hyperglycemia and cardiovascular (CV) events. The evidence of the possible CV risk related to the prescription of some antidiabetic drugs prompted regulatory agencies to require safety studies. This review provides an updated analysis of CV safety profiles for antidiabetic drugs used for the treatment of patients with high CV risk.The most recent studies analyze different aspects of CV morbidity, such as ischemic events, heart failure and arrhythmia, and their interactions with hyperglycemia...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631105/stent-fracture-is-associated-with-a-higher-mortality-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-treated-by-implantation-of-a-second-generation-drug-eluting-stent
#8
Zhen Ge, Zhi-Zhong Liu, Jing Kan, Jun-Jie Zhang, Sui-Ji Li, Nai-Liang Tian, Fei Ye, Xue-Song Qian, Song Yang, Meng-Xuan Chen, Tanveer S Rab, Shao-Liang Chen
Type 2 diabetes correlates with clinical events after the implantation of a second-generation drug-eluting stent (DES). The rate and prognostic value of stent fracture (SF) in patients with diabetes who underwent DES implantation remain unknown. A total of 1160 patients with- and 2251 without- diabetes, who underwent surveillance angiography at 1 year after DES implantation between June 2004 and August 2014, were prospectively studied. The primary endpoints included the incidence of SF and a composite major adverse cardiac event [MACE, including myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac death, and target-vessel revascularization (TVR)] at 1-year follow-up and at the end of follow-up for overall patients, and target lesion failure [TLF, including cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (TVMI) and target lesion revascularization (TLR)] at the end of study for SF patients...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627231/a-novel-risk-scoring-system-to-predict-cardiovascular-death-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-cha2ds2-vasc-cf-score
#9
Harun Kundi, Emrullah Kiziltunc, Ahmet Korkmaz, Gokhan Cicek, Ender Ornek, Mehmet Ileri
The present study aimed to determine the long-term prognostic validity of the CHA2DS2-VASc score in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In addition, we formulated a novel scoring system, the CHA2DS2-VASc-CF (which includes cigarette smoking and a family history of coronary artery disease as risk factors). This study included 4373 consecutive patients with AMI who presented to the emergency department of our hospital and underwent cardiac catheterization procedures between December 2009 and September 2016...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626088/secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-international-insights-from-the-tecos-trial
#10
Neha J Pagidipati, Ann Marie Navar, Karen S Pieper, Jennifer B Green, M Angelyn Bethel, Paul W Armstrong, Robert G Josse, Darren K McGuire, Yuliya Lokhnygina, Jan H Cornel, Sigrun Halvorsen, Timo E Strandberg, Tuncay Delibasi, Rury R Holman, Eric D Peterson
Background -Intensive risk factor modification significantly improves outcomes for patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the degree to which secondary prevention treatment goals are achieved in international clinical practice is unknown. Methods -Attainment of 5 secondary prevention parameters-aspirin use, lipid control (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol <70 mg/dL or statin therapy), blood pressure control (<140 mmHg systolic, <90 mmHg diastolic), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker use, and non-smoking status-was evaluated among 13,616 patients from 38 countries with diabetes and known CVD at entry into TECOS...
June 16, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622955/age-specific-risks-severity-time-course-and-outcome-of-bleeding-on-long-term-antiplatelet-treatment-after-vascular-events-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Linxin Li, Olivia C Geraghty, Ziyah Mehta, Peter M Rothwell
BACKGROUND: Lifelong antiplatelet treatment is recommended after ischaemic vascular events, on the basis of trials done mainly in patients younger than 75 years. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a serious complication, but had low case fatality in trials of aspirin and is not generally thought to cause long-term disability. Consequently, although co-prescription of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) reduces upper gastrointestinal bleeds by 70-90%, uptake is low and guidelines are conflicting...
June 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617976/atopic-dermatitis-and-risk-of-hypertension-type-2-diabetes-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-in-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-canadian-partnership-for-tomorrow-project
#12
A M Drucker, A A Qureshi, T J B Dummer, L Parker, W-Q Li
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) has been associated with cardiovascular risk factors and diseases, but epidemiologic studies to date have found conflicting results. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the associations of AD with hypertension, type-2 diabetes (T2D), myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow Project which includes Canadian residents aged 30-74 living in British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic Provinces...
June 15, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614775/changes-in-viability-of-rat-adipose-derived-stem-cells-isolated-from-abdominal-perinuclear-adipose-tissue-stimulated-with-pulsed-electromagnetic-field
#13
A Baranowska, B Skowron, B Nowak, K Ciesielczyk, P Guzdek, K Gil, J Kaszuba-Zwoinska
Previous experiments demonstrated that low-frequency electromagnetic field (LF-EMF) may activate cellular death pathways in proliferating cells. Therefore, we hypothesized that LF-EMF may also influence viability of highly proliferating undifferentiated adipose-derived stem cells. Obesity is classified as a civilization disease; its etiopathogenesis is presumed to include both genetic predisposition and influence of modified environmental factors, such as unbalanced diet with excess calories and/or too low physical activity...
April 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614245/wellens-syndrome-in-hiv-infected-patients-two-case-reports
#14
Bowei Tan, Carlos Morales-Mangual, Dan Zhao, Abdullah Khan, Hal Chadow
BACKGROUND: Wellens syndrome is a pattern of electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in the context of unstable angina characterized with deep inverted T-waves or biphasic T-waves in the precordial leads. These specific ECG changes are highly suggestive of stenosis in the left anterior descending artery (LAD), which can result in acute myocardial infarction, left ventricular dysfunction, or death. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is known as an independent risk factor for the cardiovascular disease...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613240/an-isoform-of-nedd4-2-plays-a-pivotal-role-in-electrophysiological-cardiac-abnormalities
#15
Shintaro Minegishi, Tomoaki Ishigami, Hisho Kawamura, Tabito Kino, Lin Chen, Rie Nakashima-Sasaki, Hiroshi Doi, Kengo Azushima, Hiromichi Wakui, Yumi Chiba, Kouichi Tamura
We have previously shown that neural precursor cell-expressed developmentally downregulated gene 4-2 (Nedd4-2) isoforms with a C2 domain are closely related to ubiquitination of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), resulting in salt-sensitive hypertension by Nedd4-2 C2 targeting in mice. The sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 5 (SCN5A) gene encodes the α subunit of the human cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel (I Na), and the potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2 (KCNH2) gene encodes rapidly activating delayed rectifier K channels (I Kr)...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612906/the-influence-of-plasma-25-oh-vitamin-d-levels-in-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#16
Ömer Şen, Mustafa Topuz, Armağan Acele, Oğuz Akkuş, Ahmet Oytun Baykan, Mevlüt Koç
BACKGROUND: The preventive role of acute occurring of collateral circulation (AOCC) to infarct related artery (IRA) in patients presenting with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is well known. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether there is an association between admission plasma 25-(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D3) levels and grade of collateralization in patients with STEMI. METHODS: We prospectively included 369 STEMI patients within the first 12 h of symptoms onset...
June 14, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611684/protective-role-for-lpa3-in-cardiac-hypertrophy-induced-by-myocardial-infarction-but-not-by-isoproterenol
#17
Lin Cai, Guangpu Fan, Fang Wang, Si Liu, Tiewei Li, Xiangfeng Cong, Jerold Chun, Xi Chen
Background: We previously reported that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) promoted cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in vitro via one of its G protein-coupled receptor subtypes, LPA3. In this study, we examined the role of LPA3 in cardiac hypertrophy induced by isoproterenol (ISO) and myocardial infarction. Methods:In vitro, neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) were subjected to LPA3 knocked-down, or pretreated with a β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) antagonist (propranolol) before LPA/ISO treatment. Cardiomyocyte size and hypertrophic gene (ANP, BNP) mRNA levels were determined...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606562/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-3-types-of-interventions-for-stroke-prevention-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-diseases-a-network-meta-analysis
#18
Qian Sun, Shumei Chang, Songtao Lu, Yajing Zhang, Yajun Chang
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to compare the relative efficacy and safety of different types of interventions for stroke prevention in patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. METHODS: This network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted with a random effects model of Bayesian framework using Stata version 12.0. Odds ratios (ORs) and their credible intervals (CrIs) were applied for the efficacy and safety evaluation of various medical interventions, including aspirin, dipyridamole, ticlopidine, warfarin, and apixaban...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606340/cardiovascular-protection-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-a%C3%A2-review-of-clinical-trial-results-across-drug-classes
#19
Francesco Paneni, Thomas F Lüscher
Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have a significantly higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD)-namely myocardial infarction, heart failure, and stroke. Despite clear advances in the prevention and treatment of CVD, the impact of T2DM on CVD outcome remains high and continues to escalate. Available evidence indicates that the risk of macrovascular complications increases with the severity of hyperglycemia, thus suggesting that the relation between metabolic disturbances and vascular damage is approximately linear...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605779/use-of-the-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-score-to-guide-treatment-duration-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#20
Raffaele Piccolo, Giuseppe Gargiulo, Anna Franzone, Andrea Santucci, Sara Ariotti, Andrea Baldo, Carlo Tumscitz, Aris Moschovitis, Stephan Windecker, Marco Valgimigli
Background: The dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) score was developed to identify patients more likely to derive harm (score <2) or benefit (score ≥2) from prolonged DAPT after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of DAPT duration according to DAPT score. Design: Retrospective assessment of DAPT score-guided treatment duration in a randomized clinical trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00611286)...
June 13, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
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