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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332189/the-arabidopsis-histone-chaperone-fact-is-required-for-stress-induced-expression-of-anthocyanin-biosynthetic-genes
#1
Alexander Pfab, Matthias Breindl, Klaus D Grasser
The histone chaperone FACT is involved in the expression of genes encoding anthocyanin biosynthetic enzymes also upon induction by moderate high-light and therefore contributes to the stress-induced plant pigmentation. The histone chaperone FACT consists of the SSRP1 and SPT16 proteins and associates with transcribing RNAPII (RNAPII) along the transcribed region of genes. FACT can promote transcriptional elongation by destabilising nucleosomes in the path of RNA polymerase II, thereby facilitating efficient transcription of chromatin templates...
January 13, 2018: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331670/circulation-of-alphacoronavirus-betacoronavirus-and-paramyxovirus-in-hipposideros-bat-species-in-zimbabwe
#2
Mathieu Bourgarel, Davies M Pfukenyi, Vanina Boué, Loïc Talignani, Ngoni Chiweshe, Fodé Diop, Alexandre Caron, Gift Matope, Dorothée Missé, Florian Liégeois
Bats carry a great diversity of zoonotic viruses with a high-impact on human health and livestock. Since the emergence of new coronaviruses and paramyxoviruses in humans (e.g. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Nipah virus), numerous studies clearly established that bats can maintain some of these viruses. Improving our understanding on the role of bats in the epidemiology of the pathogens they harbour is necessary to prevent cross-species spill over along the wild/domestic/human gradient...
January 10, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331492/prognostic-value-of-the-expression-of-dna-repair-related-biomarkers-mediated-by-alcohol-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#3
Yiyin Zhang, Hongyang Wu, Feng Yang, Jie Ning, Min Li, Chenchen Zhao, Shuping Zhong, Kangsheng Gu, Hua Wang
Alcohol consumption likely induces gastric carcinogenesis through deregulation of RNA polymerase (Pol) III genes and oxidative damage. Transcription factor IIB-related factor 1 (BRF1) overexpression alleviates RNA Pol III transcription inhibition through breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1). Myeloperoxidase (MPO) involvement in cancer is induced by alcohol-mediated oxidative damage. BRCA1/2 and MPO play key roles in DNA repair. BRCA1 and BRCA2 exert different roles in homologous recombination repair...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330937/first-time-detection-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-prrsv-infection-in-uruguay
#4
N Ramos, S Mirazo, G Castro, K Cabrera, F Osorio, J Arbiza
Within the last two decades, several high-impact viruses have emerged in the global swine population, including porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). In Uruguay, the more recent serological survey for PRRSV and other notifiable diseases such as Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV) and classical swine fever virus (CSFV) dated from year 2000. The main purpose of this study was to update our information on the infection status of PRRSV, ADV and CSFV in Uruguayan pig herds, in order to keep informed about the epidemiological situation of these notifiable infections in the country...
January 12, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330702/ptac10-an-s1-domain-containing-component-of-the-transcriptionally-active-chromosome-complex-is-essential-for-plastid-gene-expression-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-and-is-phosphorylated-by-chloroplast-targeted-casein-kinase-ii
#5
Qing-Bo Yu, Tuan-Tuan Zhao, Lin-Shan Ye, Ling Cheng, Ying-Qian Wu, Chao Huang, Zhong-Nan Yang
In higher plant chloroplasts, the plastid-encoded RNA polymerase (PEP) consists of four catalytic subunits and numerous nuclear-encoded accessory proteins, including pTAC10, an S1-domain-containing protein. In this study, pTAC10 knockout lines were characterized. Two ptac10 mutants had an albino phenotype and severely impaired chloroplast development. The pTAC10 genomic sequence fused to a four-tandem MYC tag driven by its own promoter functionally complemented the ptac10-1 mutant phenotype. pTAC10 was present in both the chloroplast stroma and thylakoids...
January 12, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330371/transcriptional-inaccuracy-threshold-attenuates-differences-in-rna-dependent-dna-synthesis-fidelity-between-retroviral-reverse-transcriptases
#6
Alba Sebastián-Martín, Verónica Barrioluengo, Luis Menéndez-Arias
In M13mp2 lacZα forward mutation assays measuring intrinsic fidelity of DNA-dependent DNA synthesis, wild-type human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RTs of group M/subtype B previously showed >10-fold higher error rates than murine leukaemia virus (MLV) and avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV) RTs. An adapted version of the assay was used to obtain error rates of RNA-dependent DNA synthesis for several RTs, including wild-type HIV-1BH10, HIV-1ESP49, AMV and MLV RTs, and the high-fidelity mutants of HIV-1ESP49 RT K65R and K65R/V75I...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330084/real-time-reverse-transcription-recombinase-polymerase-amplification-assay-for-rapid-detection-of-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus
#7
Jianchang Wang, Ruoxi Zhang, Jinfeng Wang, Qingan Han, Libing Liu, Yanan Li, Wanzhe Yuan
Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED), which is caused by porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), is an acute, highly contagious enteric disease characterized by severe watery diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, and high mortality in suckling piglets. A real-time reverse-transcription recombinase polymerase amplification assay (RT-RPA) was developed based on the nucleocapsid gene of PEDV. RT-RPA assay was performed at 40 °C for 20 min. The assay could detect both the classical and variant PEDV strains, and there was no cross-reaction with other pathogens tested...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329329/prevalence-risk-factors-and-molecular-evaluation-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-resident-in-the-northern-shores-of-persian-gulf-iran
#8
Fatemeh Farshadpour, Reza Taherkhani, Mohamad Reza Ravanbod, Seyed Sajjad Eghbali, Sakineh Taherkhani, Easa Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: Although Iran is reported to be an endemic country for hepatitis E virus (HEV), data on the prevalence of HEV infection among pregnant women are scarce and the epidemiology of HEV is unknown in most parts of the country. Therefore, this study was conducted to elucidate the prevalence, risk factors and genotypic pattern of HEV infection among pregnant women resident in the northern shores of Persian Gulf. This is the first report on the epidemiology of HEV infection among pregnant women in this territory...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329291/ovule-identity-mediated-by-pre-mrna-processing-in-arabidopsis
#9
Encarnación Rodríguez-Cazorla, Samanta Ortuño-Miquel, Héctor Candela, Lindsay J Bailey-Steinitz, Martin F Yanofsky, Antonio Martínez-Laborda, Juan-José Ripoll, Antonio Vera
Ovules are fundamental for plant reproduction and crop yield as they are the precursors of seeds. Therefore, ovule specification is a critical developmental program. In Arabidopsis thaliana, ovule identity is redundantly conferred by the homeotic D-class genes SHATTERPROOF1 (SHP1), SHP2 and SEEDSTICK (STK), phylogenetically related to the MADS-domain regulatory gene AGAMOUS (AG), essential in floral organ specification. Previous studies have shown that the HUA-PEP activity, comprised of a suite of RNA-binding protein (RBP) encoding genes, regulates AG pre-mRNA processing and thus flower patterning and organ identity...
January 12, 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329159/overexpression-of-the-long-noncoding-rna-homeboxa-transcript-at-the-distal-tip-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-a-kras-independent-manner-in-periampullary-region-tumors
#10
Ozkan Balcin, Secil Ak Aksoy, Berrin Tunca, Ekrem Kaya, Unal Egeli, Gulcin Tezcan, Nesrin Ugras, Gulsah Cecener, Ozgen Isik, Halit Ziya Dundar, Omer Yerci
OBJECTIVES: Periampullary region tumors (PRTs) are the fifth highest cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Although recent studies have highlighted the prognostic value of the long noncoding RNA HomeboxA transcript at the distal tip (HOTTIP) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, the relationship between HOTTIP and clinical outcome of all PRTs remains obscure. The aim of this study was to clarify the prognostic significance of HOTTIP in patients with all PRTs related to KRAS mutational status...
January 12, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328783/signaling-to-and-from-the-rna-polymerase-iii-transcription-and-processing-machinery
#11
Ian M Willis, Robyn D Moir
RNA polymerase (Pol) III has a specialized role in transcribing the most abundant RNAs in eukaryotic cells, transfer RNAs (tRNAs), along with other ubiquitous small noncoding RNAs, many of which have functions related to the ribosome and protein synthesis. The high energetic cost of producing these RNAs and their central role in protein synthesis underlie the robust regulation of Pol III transcription in response to nutrients and stress by growth regulatory pathways. Downstream of Pol III, signaling impacts posttranscriptional processes affecting tRNA function in translation and tRNA cleavage into smaller fragments that are increasingly attributed with novel cellular activities...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328474/inhibition-of-mir%C3%A2-34a-prevents-endothelial-cell-apoptosis-by-directly-targeting-hdac1-in-the-setting-of-atherosclerosis
#12
Yangwei Li, Kang Zhang, Wei Mao
Despite recent medical advances, atherosclerosis is a global burden accounting for numerous mortalities and hospital admissions. MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) regulate cardiovascular biology and disease, but the role of microRNA‑34a in atherosclerosis remains unclear. In the present study, it was demonstrated that miR‑34a was highly expressed in atherosclerotic lesions and oxidized low‑density lipoprotein (Ox‑LDL)‑treated human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) (atherosclerotic cell model) using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328450/mybl2-protects-against-h9c2-injury-induced-by-hypoxia-via-akt-and-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways
#13
Mingfeng Shao, Zexiang Ren, Rongjun Zhang
Cardiovascular diseases have become one of the major public health problems in many countries. The downregulation of MYBL2 was found in H9c2 and native cardiomyocytes cells after hypoxia treatment. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of MYB proto‑oncogene like 2 (MYBL2) on H9c2 injury induced by hypoxia. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot were performed on H9c2 cells to determine the mRNA and protein levels of MYBL2, respectively. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was employed to downregulate MYBL2 expression in H9c2 cells to investigate changes in cell proliferation and apoptosis...
January 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328427/mir-133b-reverses-cisplatin-resistance-by-targeting-gstp1-in-cisplatin-resistant-lung-cancer-cells
#14
Chen Lin, Liyi Xie, Yan Lu, Zhihuang Hu, Jianhua Chang
MicroRNAs play a critical role in chemoresistance and are implicated in various biological and pathological processes of cells. The objective of the present study was to explore the role of miR‑133b and its mechanism in the regulation of cisplatin resistance and tumor progression in cisplatin‑resistant non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot assays of the cisplatin‑resistant cell lines A549/DPP and H1299/DDP displayed the reduced expression of miR‑133b and increased expression of glutathione-S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) in the resistant cells compared with the respective parental cell lines A549 and H1299...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328374/atx%C3%A2-lpa-axis-facilitates-estrogen%C3%A2-induced-endometrial-cancer-cell-proliferation-via-mapk-erk-signaling-pathway
#15
Guo Zhang, Yuan Cheng, Qi Zhang, Xiaoping Li, Jingwei Zhou, Jianliu Wang, Lihui Wei
Autotaxin (ATX) is a key enzyme that converts lysophosphatidylcholine to lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). ATX is a crucial factor that facilitates cancer progression; however, the effect of ATX on endometrial cancer has not been explored. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of ATX in the progression of endometrial cancer. The immunohistochemical results revealed higher protein expression levels of ATX and LPA receptors (LPA 1, 2 and 3) in human endometrial cancer tissue than in non‑carcinoma tissue...
January 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328372/differential-microrna-expression-profiles-and-bioinformatics-analysis-between-young-and-aging-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#16
Jingfeng Wang, Jingjing Zhang, Xuefeng Ding, Yanyan Wang, Zhiming Li, Weipeng Zhao, Jianguo Jia, Jingmin Zhou, Junbo Ge
MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) serve a role as important regulators in cardiac hypertrophy. The present study aimed to reveal the differential expression profile of miRNAs between young and aging spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and studied the functional annotation of predicted targets. Briefly, 3‑month‑old and 12‑month‑old SHRs (n=3/group) were subjected to echocardiography, histopathological analysis and dihydroethidium staining. Subsequently, small RNA sequencing and data processing was conducted to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs between these two groups...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327238/the-complete-genome-sequence-of-hetpv20-an1-an-alphapartitivirus-infecting-the-conifer-pathogenic-fungus-heterobasidion-annosum
#17
Eeva J Vainio
Root rot fungi of the genus Heterobasidion are highly destructive conifer pathogens in the northern Boreal forest region. This report describes the complete genome sequence of Heterobasidion partitivirus 20 infecting a Finnish strain of Heterobasidion annosum. The bisegmented dsRNA genome of HetPV20-an1 encodes a predicted RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of 605 amino acids (aa) and a capsid protein of 536 aa. Based on sequence similarity and phylogenetic analysis, this virus is a new member of the genus Alphapartitivirus...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326986/measles-virus-background-and-oncolytic-virotherapy
#18
REVIEW
Sankhajit Bhattacharjee, Pramod Kumar Yadava
Measles is a highly transmissible disease caused by measles virus and remains a major cause of child mortality in developing countries. Measles virus nucleoprotein (N) encapsidates the RNA genome of the virus for providing protection from host cell endonucleases and for specific recognition of viral RNA as template for transcription and replication. This protein is over-expressed at the time of viral replication. The C-terminal of N protein is intrinsically disordered, which enables this protein to interact with several host cell proteins...
March 2018: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326042/keratin-13-gene-is-epigenetically-suppressed-during-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-a-human-keratinocyte-cell-line
#19
Mitsutoki Hatta, Yuki Miyake, Kunitoshi Uchida, Jun Yamazaki
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a biological event in which epithelial cells lose their polarity and cell-cell adhesions and concomitantly acquire mesenchymal traits, and is thought to play an important role in pathological processes such as wound healing and cancer progression. In this study, we evaluated transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1-treated human keratinocyte HaCaT cells as an in vitro model of EMT. HaCaT cells were changed into an elongated fibroblast-like morphology, which is indicative of EMT in response to TGF-β1...
January 8, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325885/9-aminoacridine-based-agents-impair-the-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-bvdv-replication-targeting-the-rna-dependent-rna-polymerase-rdrp
#20
Roberta Loddo, Valeria Francesconi, Erik Laurini, Silvia Boccardo, Suzana Aulic, Maurizio Fermeglia, Sabrina Pricl, Michele Tonelli
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection is still a plague that causes important livestock pandemics. Despite the availability of vaccines against BVDV, and the implementation of massive eradication or control programs, this virus still constitutes a serious agronomic burden. Therefore, the alternative approach to combat Pestivirus infections, based on the development of antiviral agents that specifically inhibit the replication of these viruses, is of preeminent actuality and importance. Capitalizing from a long-standing experience in antiviral drug design and development, in this work we present and characterize a series of small molecules based on the 9-aminoacridine scaffold that exhibit potent anti-BVDV activity coupled with low cytotoxicity...
January 4, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
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