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menstrual cup

Bernard J Moncla, Catherine A Chappell, Brian M Debo, Leslie A Meyn
In this study, we characterized the glycome of cervical-vaginal fluid, collected with a Catamenial cup. We quantified: glycosidase levels; sialic acid and high mannose specific lectin binding; mucins, MUC1, MUC4, MUC5AC, MUC7; and albumin in the samples collected. These data were analyzed in the context of hormonal status (day of menstrual cycle, hormonal contraception use) and role, if any, of the type of the vaginal microflora present. When the Nugent score was used to stratify the subjects by microflora as normal, intermediate, or bacterial vaginosis, several important differences were observed...
2016: PloS One
Leah Goldberg, Sammy Elsamra, Juana Hutchinson-Colas, Saya Segal
INTRODUCTION: A vesicouterine fistula is a rare form of urogenital fistula, yet there is increasing prevalence in the United States because of the rising rate of cesarean deliveries. Vesicouterine fistulas have various presentations including menouria, hematuria, or urinary incontinence. CASE PRESENTATION: A 39-year-old multiparous woman presented with urine leakage after her third cesarean delivery. She had been treated for mixed urinary incontinence with overactive bladder medications and a midurethral sling with continued complaints of urine leakage...
September 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Hossein Faramarzi, Davood Mehrabani, Maryam Fard, Maryam Akhavan, Sona Zare, Shabnam Bakhshalizadeh, Amir Manafi, Somaieh Kazemnejad, Reza Shirazi
BACKGROUND: Menstrual blood-derived stem cells (MenSCs) are a novel source of stem cells that can be easily isolated non-invasively from female volunteered donor without ethical consideration. These mesenchymal-like stem cells have high rate of proliferation and possess multi lineage differentiation potency. This study was undertaken to isolate the MenSCs and assess their potential in differentiation into epidermal lineage. METHODS: About 5-10 ml of menstrual blood (MB) was collected using sterile Diva cups inserted into vagina during menstruation from volunteered healthy fertile women aged between 22-30 years...
January 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Wajida Inanmdar, Arshiya Sultana, Umraz Mubeen, Khaleequr Rahman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effificacy and safety of fenugreek seed and dry cupping on intensity of pain in primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: Sixty patients with primary dysmenorrhea were enrolled in this prospective, open-labeled, randomized, standard-controlled study, conducted in the National Institute of Unani Medicine Hospital between February 2010 and April 2011. In group A (20 cases), 3 g powder of fenugreek seed (3 capsules, 1 g each) was given orally twice daily from day 1 to 3 of menstrual cycle...
May 25, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Julie Hennegan, Paul Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Unhygienic and ineffective menstrual hygiene management has been documented across low resource contexts and linked to negative consequences for women and girls. OBJECTIVES: To summarise and critically appraise evidence for the effectiveness of menstruation management interventions in improving women and girls' education, work and psychosocial wellbeing in low and middle income countries. METHODS: Structured systematic searches were conducted in peer-reviewed and grey literature to identify studies evaluating education and resource provision interventions for menstruation management...
2016: PloS One
Cynthia Marie Metz
Healthy People 2020 lists Bisphenol A (BPA) as a potential endocrine disruptor for which exposure should be reduced. The Healthy People 2020 Environmental Health Objectives focus on addressing environmental factors that negatively affect individuals' health even though the health effects of some toxic substances are not yet fully understood. An American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN) position statement outlined the role occupational health nurses play in creating healthy and productive workplaces by promoting worker health...
January 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Michael A Mitchell, Steve Bisch, Shannon Arntfield, Seyed M Hosseini-Moghaddam
Menstrual cups have been reported to be an acceptable substitute for tampons. These flexible cups have also been reported to provide a sustainable solution to menstrual management, with modest cost savings and no significant health risk. The present article documents the first case of toxic shock syndrome associated with the use of a menstrual cup in a woman 37 years of age, using a menstrual cup for the first time. Toxic shock syndrome and the literature on menstrual cups is reviewed and a possible mechanism for the development of toxic shock syndrome in the patient is described...
July 2015: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Derseree Archary, Lenine J Liebenberg, Lise Werner, Sahil Tulsi, Nelisile Majola, Nivashnee Naicker, Sarah Dlamini, Thomas J Hope, Natasha Samsunder, Salim S Abdool Karim, Lynn Morris, Jo-Ann S Passmore, Nigel J Garrett
INTRODUCTION: Optimizing methods for genital specimen collection to accurately characterize mucosal immune responses is a priority for the HIV prevention field. The menstrual cup (MC) has been proposed as an alternative to other methods including cervicovaginal lavage (CVL), but no study has yet formally compared these two methods. METHODS: Forty HIV-infected, antiretroviral therapy-naïve women from the CAPRISA 002 acute HIV infection cohort study were randomized to have genital fluid collected using the MC with subsequent CVL, or by CVL alone...
2015: PloS One
Bradley W Frazee, Kayla Enriquez, Valerie Ng, Harrison Alter
BACKGROUND: Voided urinalysis to test for urinary tract infection (UTI) is prone to false-positive results for a number of reasons. Specimens are often collected at triage from women with any abdominal complaint, creating a low UTI prevalence population. Improper collection technique by the patient may affect the result. At least four indices, if positive, can indicate UTI. OBJECTIVE: We examine the impact of voided specimen collection technique on urinalysis indicators of UTI and on urine culture contamination in disease-free women...
June 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Maya K Shimony, Karen C Schliep, Enrique F Schisterman, Katherine A Ahrens, Lindsey A Sjaarda, Yaron Rotman, Neil J Perkins, Anna Z Pollack, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Sunni L Mumford
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the association between sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), added sugar, and total fructose and serum concentrations of liver enzymes among healthy, reproductive-age women. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 259 premenopausal women (average age 27.3 ± 8.2 years; BMI 24.1 ± kg/m(2)) were followed up for up to two menstrual cycles, providing up to eight fasting blood specimens/cycle and four 24-h dietary recalls/cycle. Women with a history of chronic disease were excluded...
March 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Mags E Beksinska, Jenni Smit, Ross Greener, Catherine S Todd, Mei-ling Ting Lee, Virginia Maphumulo, Vivian Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: In low-income settings, many women and girls face activity restrictions during menses, owing to lack of affordable menstrual products. The menstrual cup (MC) is a nonabsorbent reusable cup that collects menstrual blood. We assessed the acceptability and performance of the MPower® MC compared to pads or tampons among women in a low-resource setting. METHODS: We conducted a randomized two-period crossover trial at one site in Durban, South Africa, between January and November 2013...
February 2015: Journal of Women's Health
Mickey V Patel, Mimi Ghosh, John V Fahey, Christina Ochsenbauer, Richard M Rossoll, Charles R Wira
PROBLEM: Whether the concentrations of antiviral proteins, and anti-HIV activity, within human vaginal secretions change across the menstrual cycle is unknown. METHOD OF STUDY: Using a menstrual cup, vaginal secretions from pre-menopausal women were recovered at the proliferative (d6-8), mid-cycle (d13-15), and secretory (d21-23) stages of the menstrual cycle. Antiviral protein concentration was determined by ELISA, and anti-HIV activity assessed using the TZM-bl reporter cell line...
July 2014: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
R G van der Molen, J H F Schutten, B van Cranenbroek, M ter Meer, J Donckers, R R Scholten, O W H van der Heijden, M E A Spaanderman, I Joosten
STUDY QUESTION: Is menstrual blood a suitable source of endometrial derived lymphocytes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Mononuclear cells isolated from menstrual samples (menstrual blood mononuclear cells (MMC)) are clearly distinct from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and show a strong resemblance with biopsy-derived endometrial mononuclear cells. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: A critical event in the onset of pregnancy is the implantation of the embryo in the uterine wall...
February 2014: Human Reproduction
Karen C Schliep, Enrique F Schisterman, Sunni L Mumford, Neil J Perkins, Aijun Ye, Anna Z Pollack, Cuilin Zhang, Christina A Porucznik, James A VanDerslice, Joseph B Stanford, Jean Wactawski-Wende
Effects of caffeine on women's health are inconclusive, in part because of inadequate exposure assessment. In this study we determined 1) validity of a food frequency questionnaire compared with multiple 24-hour dietary recalls (24HDRs) for measuring monthly caffeine and caffeinated beverage intakes; and 2) validity of the 24HDR compared with the prior day's diary record for measuring daily caffeinated coffee intake. BioCycle Study (2005-2007) participants, women (n = 259) aged 18-44 years from western New York State, were followed for 2 menstrual cycles...
April 1, 2013: American Journal of Epidemiology
Mickey V Patel, John V Fahey, Richard M Rossoll, Charles R Wira
PROBLEM: Vaginal epithelial cells (VEC) are the first line of defense against incoming pathogens in the female reproductive tract. Their ability to produce the anti-HIV molecules elafin and HBD2 under hormonal stimulation is unknown. METHOD OF STUDY: Vaginal epithelial cells were recovered using a menstrual cup and cultured overnight prior to treatment with estradiol (E₂), progesterone (P₄) or a panel of selective estrogen response modulators (SERMs). Conditioned media were recovered and analyzed for protein concentration and anti-HIV activity...
May 2013: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Karen C Schliep, Enrique F Schisterman, Sunni L Mumford, Anna Z Pollack, Neil J Perkins, Aijun Ye, Cuilin J Zhang, Joseph B Stanford, Christina A Porucznik, Ahmad O Hammoud, Jean Wactawski-Wende
BACKGROUND: Energy-containing beverages are widely consumed among premenopausal women, but their association with reproductive hormones is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the association of energy-containing beverages, added sugars, and total fructose intake with reproductive hormones among ovulatory cycles and sporadic anovulation in healthy premenopausal women. DESIGN: Women (n = 259) in the BioCycle Study were followed for up to 2 menstrual cycles; they provided fasting blood specimens during up to 8 visits/cycle and four 24-h dietary recalls/cycle...
March 2013: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
S Day
A 20-year-old woman attended a genitourinary clinic with a retained vaginal Mooncup that she had inserted the night before. A Mooncup is one type of menstrual cup. On speculum examination the device was visualized high in the vagina and the cervix appeared firmly lodged within it. The physician experienced difficulty in retrieving the cup despite following product instructions. This case highlights a new adverse event with an increasingly used sanitation product. It is important that clinicians are familiar with the cup, its removal process and are able to counsel patients with retained devices on future correct placement...
May 2012: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Arshiya Sultana, Khaleeq Ur Rahman, Muzn Farzana, Azad Lone
Waje rehm (Dysmenorrhoea) means painful menstruation. Since ancient times, hijamat bila shurt (Dry cupping) is a method of treatment of for this disease. Therefore, objective of this preliminary study was to evaluate the efficacy of hijamat bila shurt on intensity of pain in waje rehm by using Visual Analogue Scale for pain. It was conducted from May 2009 to July 2010 on 25 patients in National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore. Patients suffering from primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea with regular cycles, age group 12-37years were selected...
October 2010: Ancient Science of Life
Ellen R Wiebe, Konia J Trouton
BACKGROUND: Many intrauterine device (IUD) users utilize intravaginal menstrual cups or tampons during menses, but no studies have investigated the impact this practice may have on IUD expulsions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart survey. RESULTS: Of the 930 women having IUDs placed and reporting menstrual protection, 10.3% (96) used menstrual cups, 74.2% (690) used tampons, and 43.2% (402) used pads (many women reported using more than one method)...
August 2012: Contraception
Karen C Schliep, Enrique F Schisterman, Sunni L Mumford, Anna Z Pollack, Cuilin Zhang, Aijun Ye, Joseph B Stanford, Ahmad O Hammoud, Christina A Porucznik, Jean Wactawski-Wende
BACKGROUND: Caffeinated beverages are widely consumed among women of reproductive age, but their association with reproductive hormones, and whether race modifies any such associations, is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relation between caffeine and caffeinated beverage intake and reproductive hormones in healthy premenopausal women and evaluated the potential effect modification by race. DESIGN: Participants (n = 259) were followed for up to 2 menstrual cycles and provided fasting blood specimens for hormonal assessment at up to 8 visits per cycle and four 24-h dietary recalls per cycle...
February 2012: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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