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Donor egg

Margaret K Nelson, Rosanna Hertz, Wendy Kramer
This paper discusses the attitudes of three groups of stakeholders in the world of assisted reproduction gamete donors, parents who use donated gamete, and offspring conceived with donated gametes with respect to the two issues of donor anonymity and limits on the number of offspring a single donor can produce. The data are drawn from on-line surveys which were made available between May 12, 2104 and August 15, 2014 to gamete donors, donor-conceived offspring, and parents who used donated gametes to conceive...
April 2016: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
N Sung, H J Byeon, M D Salazar Garcia, A Skariah, L Wu, S Dambaeva, K Beaman, A Gilman-Sachs, J Kwak-Kim
Alterations in normal balance of B cell subsets have been reported in various rheumatic diseases. In this study, we report a woman with a history of recurrent pregnancy losses (RPL) and infertility who had low levels of memory B cells. A 35-year-old woman with a history of RPL and infertility was demonstrated to have increased peripheral blood CD19+ B cells with persistently low levels of memory B cell subsets. Prior to the frozen donor egg transfer cycle, prednisone and intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIg) treatment was initiated and patient achieved dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Shilpa Prasad, Shail K Chaube
BACKGROUND: Present study was designed to investigate the in vitro effects of nitric oxide (NO) donor such as S-nitroso-N-acetyl penicillamine (SNAP) on spontaneous exit from metaphase-II arrest (SEM-II) in rat eggs cultured in vitro. METHODS: Ovulated eggs were denuded and then exposed to various concentrations (0.0, 0.01, 0.1 and 1.0mM) of SNAP for 3h under in vitro culture conditions. The percentage of SEM-II, specific and total phosphorylated cyclin-dependent kinase-1 (Cdk1), cyclin B1 and anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) levels as well as Cdk1 activity were analyzed...
October 1, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Seungki Lee, Naoto Katayama, Goro Yoshizaki
Cryopreservation of fish sperm offers the practical applications in the selective breeding and biodiversity conservation. However, because of the lack of cryopreservation methods for fish eggs and embryos, maternally inherited cytoplasmic compartments cannot be successfully preserved. We previously developed an alternative method to derive functional eggs and sperm from cryopreserved whole testis by transplanting testicular cells into female and male recipients. However, if target fish had ovaries, the previous method employing male-derived germ cells would be ineffective...
September 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Lucy Blake, Nicola Carone, Jenna Slutsky, Elizabeth Raffanello, Anke A Ehrhardt, Susan Golombok
OBJECTIVE: To study the nature and quality of relationships between gay father families and their surrogates and egg donors and parental disclosure of children's origins. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Family homes. PATIENT(S): Parents in 40 gay father families with 3-9-year-old children born through surrogacy. INTERVENTION(S): Administration of a semistructured interview. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Relationships between parents, children, surrogates, and egg donors and parental disclosure of children's origins were examined using a semistructured interview...
August 23, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Susanna Graham, Vasanti Jadva, Tabitha Freeman, Kamal Ahuja, Susan Golombok
The objective of this study was to examine the motivations, experiences and future expectations of identity-release egg donors in the UK following the removal of donor anonymity and the increase in financial compensation for egg donation. This exploratory, in-depth qualitative study comprised semi-structured interviews with 11 women who had attended an egg donation screening appointment at a UK clinic during a four-month period in 2014. Interviews were conducted two to six weeks after the woman had donated or had withdrawn/been rejected from the donation process...
August 26, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
Yan-Guang Wu, Emanuela Lazzaroni-Tealdi, Qi Wang, Lin Zhang, David H Barad, Vitaly A Kushnir, Sarah K Darmon, David F Albertini, Norbert Gleicher
BACKGROUND: Previously manual human embryology in many in vitro fertilization (IVF) centers is rapidly being replaced by closed embryo incubation systems with time-lapse imaging. Whether such systems perform comparably to manual embryology in different IVF patient populations has, however, never before been investigated. We, therefore, prospectively compared embryo quality following closed system culture with time-lapse photography (EmbryoScope™) and standard embryology. We performed a two-part prospectively randomized study in IVF (clinical trial # NCT92256309)...
2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Shashank Pooniya, C Behera, A R Mridha, D N Bhardwaj, Tabin Millo
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a rare, but potentially life-threatening iatrogenic disorder arising from ovulation induction or ovarian hyperstimulation for assisted reproduction techniques. We report a case of a 26-year-old multiparous woman, an anonymous egg donor, who died a few hours after undergoing a procedure to donate eggs at an in vitro fertilization clinic. Her husband alleged that medical negligence had led to her death. The autopsy confirmed death due to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome...
August 19, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
C Calhaz-Jorge, C de Geyter, M S Kupka, J de Mouzon, K Erb, E Mocanu, T Motrenko, G Scaravelli, C Wyns, V Goossens
STUDY QUESTION: The 16th European IVF-monitoring (EIM) report presents the data of the treatments involving assisted reproductive technology (ART) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) initiated in Europe during 2012: are there any changes compared with previous years? SUMMARY ANSWER: Despite some fluctuations in the number of countries reporting data, the overall number of ART cycles has continued to increase year by year, the pregnancy rates (PRs) in 2012 remained stable compared with those reported in 2011, and the number of transfers with multiple embryos (3+) and the multiple delivery rates were lower than ever before...
August 2016: Human Reproduction
Seungki Lee, Yoshiko Iwasaki, Goro Yoshizaki
Although sperm cryopreservation is a powerful tool widely applicable in biodiversity conservation and broodstock management, cryopreservation of teleost eggs and embryos remains challenging. In the present study, we demonstrated that spermatogonia of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cryopreserved for 5 years possessed the ability to differentiate into functional eggs or sperm in the gonads of triploid recipient masu salmon (Oncorhynchus masou). After cryopreservation for 5 years in liquid nitrogen, intraperitoneally transplanted spermatogonia migrated toward, and incorporated into, the gonads of xenogeneic recipients...
October 2016: Cryobiology
César Palacios-González
Several objections against the morality of researching or employing mitochondrial replacement techniques have been advanced recently. In this paper, I examine three of these objections and show that they are found wanting. First I examine whether mitochondrial replacement techniques, research and clinical practice, should not be carried out because of possible harms to egg donors. Next I assess whether mitochondrial replacement techniques should be banned because they could affect the study of genealogical ancestry...
March 2016: Monash Bioethics Review
K Kawakami, K Asakawa, A Muto, H Wada
The Tol2 element is an active transposon that was found from the genome of the Japanese medaka fish. Since the Tol2 transposition system is active in all vertebrate cells tested so far, it has been applied to germ line transgenesis in various model animals including fish, frog, chicken, and mouse, and to gene transfer in culture cells. In zebrafish, the Tol2 system consists of the transposase mRNA and a Tol2 transposon-donor plasmid, and is introduced into fertilized eggs by microinjection. Thus genomic integrations of the Tol2 construct are generated in the germ lineage and transmitted to the offspring very efficiently...
2016: Methods in Cell Biology
Heba Fikry, Sara Abdel Gawad, Walaa Baher
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) have been proposed as effective treatment of many diseases owing to their unique ability to differentiate into other cell types in vivo. Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni) infection is characterized by hepatic granuloma formation around schistosome eggs at acute stage of infection, followed by hepatic fibrosis at chronic and advanced stages. Whether BM-MSCs have an ameliorative effect on hepatic tissue injury caused by S...
May 30, 2016: International Journal of Stem Cells
Christophe Sifer, Olivia Sellam-Chokron, Nathalie Sermondade, Isabelle Cedrin-Durnerin, Charlotte Sonigo, Charlène Herbemont, Michael Grynberg
AIMS: Could metaphase 1 (M1) and 2 (M2) stages oocytes from in vitro maturation (IVM) cycles and controlled-ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) cycles be frozen at the same time without any adverse effect of vitrification on further survival (SR) and maturation rates (MR)? MATERIALS & METHODS: M1 from cancer patients were prospectively included in IVM/COH groups, and in study or control subgroups if they were vitrified or not. In each study subgroup, SR were compared with that of M2 oocytes vitrified/warmed from egg donors...
October 2016: Future Oncology
Gautam N Allahbadia
Non-medical egg freezing has only been available for about the last 5 years, as new vitrification techniques have made the success rates for actual conception more reliable than the earlier method of slow freezing. The improved outcomes of new technologies of vitrification and intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) have led to the marketing of egg freezing for non-medical reasons, whereby women are offered the possibility of preserving their eggs until such time as they wish to have a child. For many women today, it is not cancer but the simple passage of time that robs them of their chance of motherhood...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Jin Li, Xiaohua Wu
The necessity and extent of comprehensive surgical staging (CSS) and lymphadenectomy in the treatment of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) is still controversial. However, it is uniformly agreed that CSS with lymphadenectomy is crucial to follow up patients without adjuvant chemotherapy in stage I MOGCTs. Considering the chemotherapy-sensitive nature of MOGCTs, fertility-sparing cytoreductive surgery (FSCS) seems a reasonable approach in initial treatment for patients with advanced stage. When encountered with bilateral MOGCTs, debulking is surely granted if there is no desire for fertility...
August 2016: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Burak Derkus, Yavuz Emre Arslan, Kaan C Emregul, Emel Emregul
In the present study, we describe the sonochemical isolation of nano-sized spherical hydroxyapatite (nHA) from egg shell and application towards thrombin aptasensing. In addition to the sonochemical method, two conventional methods present in literature were carried out to perform a comparative study. Various analysis methods including Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Energy-Dispersive Analysis of X-Rays (EDAX), and Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) have been applied for the characterization of nHA and its nanocomposite with marine-derived collagen isolated from Rhizostoma pulmo jellyfish...
September 1, 2016: Talanta
E Molinari, H Bar, A M Pyle, P Patrizio
STUDY QUESTION: Can RNA sequencing of human cumulus cells (CC) reveal molecular pathways involved in the physiology of reproductive aging? STUDY FINDING: Senescent but not young CC activate gene pathways associated with hypoxia and oxidative stress. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Shifts in socioeconomic norms are resulting in larger numbers of women postponing childbearing. The reproductive potential is sharply decreased with aging, and the reasons are poorly understood...
August 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
Lindsay B Gezinski, Sharvari Karandikar, James Carter, Melinda White
This research study surveyed prospective egg donors at orientation to (a) understand women's motivations to donate eggs, (b) assess awareness and knowledge of egg donation prior to entry into the egg donation program, and (c) explore attitudes toward egg donation. Ninety-two women completed the questionnaire at one fertility clinic located in the Midwest between August 2011 and August 2012. Descriptive and inferential statistics as well as textual analysis were used to analyze the data. Three themes emerged regarding participant motivations: (1) altruistic, (2) financial, and (3) desire to pass on genetic material...
May 2016: Health & Social Work
Jason D Kofinas, Holly Mehr, Nandita Ganguly, Yelena Biley, Svetlana Bochkovsky, David McCulloh, Jamie Grifo
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to determine if progesterone (P4) values on day of trigger affect certain cycle outcome parameters, ploidy status of embryos, as well as pregnancy outcomes in the subsequent first frozen embryo transfer cycle. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-eight patients undergoing pre-gestational screening and freeze all protocol at our fertility center from 2013 to 2014 were included. Excluded patients were those whom had cancelled cycles prior to egg retrieval as well as cycles utilizing donor eggs...
September 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
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