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Oocyte donor

Evangelia Elenis, Gunilla Sydsjö, Alkistis Skalkidou, Claudia Lampic, Agneta Skoog Svanberg
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies resulting through oocyte donation have been associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes for the mother, such as gestational hypertensive disorders. However, little is known about possible neonatal complications of such pregnancies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the neonatal health outcomes among singleton pregnancies in a population of relatively young and healthy oocyte recipients in Sweden, taking into account the medical indication leading to treatment...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Jae Gyu Yoo, Byeong-Woo Kim, Mi-Rung Park, Deug-Nam Kwon, Yun-Jung Choi, Teak-Soon Shin, Byung-Wook Cho, Jakyeom Seo, Jin-Hoi Kim, Seong-Keun Cho
Objective: The present study investigates pre- and post-implantation developmental competence of nuclear-transferred porcine embryos derived from male and female fetal fibroblasts. Methods: Male and female fetal fibroblasts were transferred to in vitro-matured enucleated oocytes and in vitro and in vivo developmental competence of reconstructed embryos was investigated. And, a total of 6,789 female fibroblast nuclear-transferred embryos were surgically transferred into 41 surrogate gilts and 4,746 male fibroblast nuclear-transferred embryos were surgically transferred into 25 surrogate gilts...
October 20, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Ramiro Olivera, Lucia Natalia Moro, Roberto Jordan, Carlos Luzzani, Santiago Miriuka, Martin Radrizzani, F Xavier Donadeu, Gabriel Vichera
The demand for equine cloning as a tool to preserve high genetic value is growing worldwide; however, nuclear transfer efficiency is still very low. To address this issue, we first evaluated the effects of time from cell fusion to activation (<1h, n = 1261; 1-2h, n = 1773; 2-3h, n = 1647) on in vitro and in vivo development of equine embryos generated by cloning. Then, we evaluated the effects of using different nuclear donor cell types in two successive experiments: I) induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) vs...
2016: PloS One
Joseph Hasson, Togas Tulandi, Weon-Yong Son, Na'ama Al Ma'mari, Ahmad Badeghiesh, Sammer Tannus, Janet Takefman, Tal Shavit
OBJECTIVE: Oocyte donation (OD) from a family member may be more available to patients. Our objective was to compare reproductive outcomes of familial OD with those of unrelated OD. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in a single university-affiliated center. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Four hundred thirty OD cycles performed from 2010 to 2014: 124 from family members and 306 from unrelated donors. INTERVENTION(S): None...
September 24, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Ketaki Apte, Reimer Stick, Manfred Radmacher
The lamina is a filamentous meshwork beneath the inner nuclear membrane that confers mechanical stability to nuclei. The E145K mutation in lamin A causes Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS). It affects lamin filament assembly and induces profound changes in the nuclear architecture. Expression of wild-type and E145K lamin A in Xenopus oocytes followed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) probing of isolated oocyte nuclei has shown significant changes in the mechanical properties of the lamina. Nuclei of oocytes expressing E145K lamin A are stiffer than those expressing wild-type lamin A...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
Vitaly A Kushnir, Norbert Gleicher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Utilization of cryopreserved instead of fresh donor oocytes has rapidly increased in recent years. Whether treatment outcomes are comparable has, however, remained controversial. RECENT FINDINGS: More than 24% of initiated oocyte donation cycles in the USA during 2013-2014 involved previously cryopreserved oocytes. The use of cryopreserved-donated oocytes may simplify logistics and lower costs per treatment cycle. Whether cryopreserved donor oocytes also lower costs per live birth is still undetermined as they result in lower live birth rates in comparison to fresh donor oocyte cycles...
September 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
I Mateizel, S Santos-Ribeiro, E Done, L Van Landuyt, H Van de Velde, H Tournaye, G Verheyen
STUDY QUESTION: Does the manipulation of gametes or embryos during ARTs increase the risk for monozygotic twinning (MZT)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Frozen embryo transfer (ET) is associated with a lower MZT rate, while blastocyst culture is associated with an increased risk of monozygotic pregnancy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Monozygotic twins have a higher risk for perinatal complications. Although an increased incidence of monozygotic pregnancies after ART has been previously reported, data regarding the possible impact of different laboratory procedures are conflicting...
September 22, 2016: Human Reproduction
Min Yang, Justin Hall, Zhiqiang Fan, Misha Regouski, Qinggang Meng, Heloisa M Rutigliano, Rusty Stott, Kerry A Rood, Kip E Panter, Irina A Polejaeva
Reduced developmental competence after IVF has been reported using oocyte derived from small follicles in several species including cattle, sheep, and goats. No information is currently available about the effect of follicle size of the cytoplast donor on in vivo development after somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) in goats. Oocytes collected from large (≥3 mm) and small follicles (<3 mm) were examined for maturation and in vivo developmental competence after SCNT. Significantly greater maturation rate was observed in oocytes derived from large follicles compared with that of small follicles (51...
August 10, 2016: Theriogenology
E Warzych, P Pawlak, M Pszczola, A Cieslak, D Lechniak
The oocyte quality is to a large extent influenced by the sexual maturity of the donor female. Although this phenomenon has already been broadly described in domestic animals, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Published data focus on oocyte ultrastructure, fertilization abnormalities, and blastocyst developmental rate. The goal of the present experiment was to characterize the follicular environment (oocyte, cumulus [CC] and granulosa (GC) cells as well as follicular fluid [FF]) in ovarian follicles of prepubertal heifers and cows...
August 12, 2016: Theriogenology
Sayaka Wakayama, Yoshiaki Tanabe, Hiroaki Nagatomo, Eiji Mizutani, Satoshi Kishigami, Teruhiko Wakayama
Although animal cloning is becoming increasingly practicable, cloned embryos possess many abnormalities and so there has been a low success rate for producing live animals. This is most likely due to incomplete reprogramming of somatic cell nuclei before they start to develop as the donor nuclei are usually only exposed to the oocyte cytoplasm for 1-2 hours before reconstructed oocytes are activated to avoid oocyte aging. Therefore, in this study, we attempted to extend the exposure period of somatic cell nuclei to the oocyte cytoplasm to determine whether this could enhance reprogramming of donor nuclei...
September 13, 2016: Cellular Reprogramming
Don P Wolf, Robert Morey, Eunju Kang, Hong Ma, Tomonari Hayama, Louise C Laurent, Shoukhrat Mitalipov
Embryonic stem cells (ESC) hold promise for the treatment of human medical conditions but are allogeneic. Here, we consider the differences between autologous pluripotent stem cells produced by nuclear transfer (NT-ESCs) and transcription factor-mediated, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) that impact the desirability of each of these cell types for clinical use. The derivation of NT-ESCs is more cumbersome and requires donor oocytes; however, the use of oocyte cytoplasm as the source of reprogramming factors is linked to a key advantage of NT-ESCs - the ability to replace mutant mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in a patient cell (due to either age or inherited disease) with healthy donor mitochondria from an oocyte...
September 10, 2016: Stem Cells
A Blázquez, D García, A Rodríguez, R Vassena, V Vernaeve
STUDY QUESTION: Does switching to donor semen after at least three failed oocyte donation (OD) cycles with the partner normozoospermic semen increase the live birth rate in a subsequent OD cycle? SUMMARY ANSWER: Switching to donor semen after at least three failed OD cycles with the partner normozoospermic semen does not increase the live birth rate. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: In some patients, a viable pregnancy cannot be achieved after several OD cycles, despite normal diagnostic findings for the couple...
September 8, 2016: Human Reproduction
Tom Trapphoff, Martyna Heiligentag, Jenny Simon, Nora Staubach, Thorsten Seidel, Kathrin Otte, Thomas Fröhlich, Georg J Arnold, Ursula Eichenlaub-Ritter
STUDY QUESTION: Can supplementation of media with a glutathione (GSH) donor, glutathione ethyl ester (GEE), prior to vitrification protect the mouse oocyte from oxidative damage and critical changes in redox homeostasis, and thereby improve cryotolerance? SUMMARY ANSWER: GEE supplementation supported redox regulation, rapid recovery of spindle and chromosome alignment after vitrification/warming and improved preimplantation development of mouse MII oocytes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Cryopreservation may affect mitochondrial functionality, induce oxidative stress, and thereby affect spindle integrity, chromosome segregation and the quality of mammalian oocytes...
September 7, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
Neeta Singh, Nisha Malik, Neena Malhotra, Perumal Vanamail, Monica Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of progesterone (P) on [human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) day]/oocyte ratio rather than a single cut-off value of serum P on hCG day to predict in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Retrospective, single center, cohort study in 687 infertile women undergoing fresh IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment with long agonist protocol. The data was categorized into three groups according to serum P levels (Group A < 1...
August 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
W Tipkantha, P Thuwanut, J Morrell, P Comizzoli, K Chatdarong
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate sperm characteristic of captive clouded leopards in Thailand and examine the structural and functional properties of sperm after selection with the single-layer centrifugation (SLC) method. Twenty-two ejaculates from 11 captive clouded leopards (four housed with access to a female in estrus, and seven housed singly) were collected and assessed for semen traits during 2013 to 2015. Twelve fresh ejaculates were chosen from seven males, and each was divided between two sperm preparation methods; (1) simple washing and (2) SLC...
July 25, 2016: Theriogenology
Felix Mattern, Doris Herrmann, Julia Heinzmann, Klaus Gerd Hadeler, Sandra Milena Bernal-Ulloa, Thomas Haaf, Heiner Niemann
Epigenetic changes are critical for the acquisition of developmental potential by oocytes and embryos, yet these changes may be sensitive to maternal ageing. Here, we investigated the impact of maternal ageing on DNA methylation and mRNA expression in a panel of eight genes that are critically involved in oocyte and embryo development. Bovine oocytes were collected from donors of three different age categories-prepubertal (9-12 months old), mature (3-7 years old), and aged (8-11 years old)-and were analyzed for gene-specific DNA methylation (bTERF2, bREC8, bBCL-XL, bPISD, bBUB1, bDNMT3Lo, bH19, and bSNRPN) and mRNA expression (bTERF2, bBCL-XL, bPISD, and bBUB1)...
September 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Ruth Morales, Belén Lledó, José A Ortiz, Jorge Ten, Joaquin Llácer, Rafael Bernabeu
UNLABELLED: Chromosomal polymorphisms involve heterochromatic regions and occur in the general population. However, previous studies have reported a higher incidence of these variants in infertile patients. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between polymorphic variants and infertility and their association with aneuploidies in male gametes and embryos. We retrospectively considered 1,551 cytogenetic studies involving infertile patients (study group; n=866) and oocyte/sperm donors as the control group (n=685)...
October 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
John Zhang, Guanglun Zhuang, Yong Zeng, Jamie Grifo, Carlo Acosta, Yimin Shu, Hui Liu
Nuclear transfer of an oocyte into the cytoplasm of another enucleated oocyte has shown that embryogenesis and implantation are influenced by cytoplasmic factors. We report a case of a 30-year-old nulligravida woman who had two failed IVF cycles characterized by all her embryos arresting at the two-cell stage and ultimately had pronuclear transfer using donor oocytes. After her third IVF cycle, eight out of 12 patient oocytes and 12 out of 15 donor oocytes were fertilized. The patient's pronuclei were transferred subzonally into an enucleated donor cytoplasm resulting in seven reconstructed zygotes...
October 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Xudong Ao, Rula Sa, Jie Wang, Rinuo Dao, Huimin Wang, Haiquan Yu
DNA methylation in mammals is an epigenetic marker and necessary for normal embryogenesis. The global genomic demethylation of 5-methylcytosine occurs during the first cell cycle following fertilization. Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), which is well-known for the function in antibody diversification, has been implicated to play a role in active demethylation, but its role in cell reprogramming and its crosstalk with other DNA demethylation mechanism need to be clarified. In this study, the dynamic epigenetic regulation of cell pluripotency and embryo development by AID in bovine preimplantation embryos was investigated...
August 9, 2016: Cytotechnology
E Castillo-Gómez, B Oliveira, D Tapken, S Bertrand, C Klein-Schmidt, H Pan, P Zafeiriou, J Steiner, B Jurek, R Trippe, H Prüss, W-H Zimmermann, D Bertrand, H Ehrenreich, M Hollmann
Autoantibodies of the IgG class against N-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor subunit NR1 (NMDAR1) were first described in anti-NMDAR encephalitis and seen as disease indicators. Recent work on together over 5000 individuals challenged this exclusive view by showing age-dependently up to >20% NMDAR1-autoantibody seroprevalence with comparable immunoglobulin class and titer distribution across health and disease. The key question therefore is to understand the properties of these autoantibodies, also in healthy carriers, in order to assess secondary complications and possible contributions to neuropsychiatric disease...
August 9, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
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