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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534732/evaluation-of-adaptive-noise-management-technologies-for-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss
#1
Jace Wolfe, Mila Duke, Erin Schafer, Christine Jones, Lori Rakita
BACKGROUND: Children with hearing loss experience significant difficulty understanding speech in noisy and reverberant situations. Adaptive noise management technologies, such as fully adaptive directional microphones and digital noise reduction, have the potential to improve communication in noise for children with hearing aids. However, there are no published studies evaluating the potential benefits children receive from the use of adaptive noise management technologies in simulated real-world environments as well as in daily situations...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531415/challenges-for-dietitians-in-nutritional-support-of-elderly
#2
Denis Mlakar Mastnak, Mila Terčelj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522107/differences-in-neurohumoral-and-hemodynamic-response-to-prolonged-head-up-tilt-between-patients-with-high-and-normal-standing-norepinephrine-forms-of-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome
#3
Luka Crnošija, Magdalena Krbot Skorić, Mila Lovrić, Anamari Junaković, Vladimir Miletić, Rujana Šprljan Alfirev, Antun Pavelić, Ivan Adamec, Mario Habek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the optimal timing for blood sample collection of catecholamines and the possible correlations between neurohumoral and hemodynamic responses to prolonged head-up tilt (HUT) in postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS). METHODS: Nineteen patients underwent a 30-minute, 70° HUT test. Blood samples (norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine and dopamine) were taken in the 10th minute of supine, and 10th, 20th and 30th minutes of HUT. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the proportion of high and normal standing NE patients in the different time points...
May 11, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511642/impact-of-a-workplace-sit-less-move-more-program-on-efficiency-related-outcomes-of-office-employees
#4
Anna Puig-Ribera, Judit Bort-Roig, Maria Giné-Garriga, Angel M González-Suárez, Iván Martínez-Lemos, Jesús Fortuño, Joan C Martori, Laura Muñoz-Ortiz, Raimon Milà, Nicholas D Gilson, Jim McKenna
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the impact of 'sit less, move more' interventions on workplace performance. This study assessed the short and mid-term impacts of and patterns of change within, a 19-week workplace web-based intervention (Walk@WorkSpain; W@WS; 2010-11) on employees´ presenteeism, mental well-being and lost work performance. METHODS: A site randomised control trial recruited employees at six Spanish university campuses (n = 264; 42 ± 10 years; 171 female), assigned by worksite and campus to an Intervention (IG; used W@WS; n = 129; 87 female) or an active Comparison group (A-CG; pedometer, paper diary and self-reported sitting time; n = 135; 84 female)...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500750/nausea-and-vomiting-in-children-and-adolescents-receiving-intrathecal-methotrexate-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Jacqueline Flank, Komail Nadeem, Sheliza Moledina, Mila Khanna, Christina Schindera, Angela Punnett, L Lee Dupuis
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of nausea and vomiting after receipt of intrathecal methotrexate (IT-MTX) in pediatric oncology patients is unknown. METHODS: Patients (4-18 years) about to receive IT-MTX were eligible to participate in this prospective, observational study. Patients received antiemetics as prescribed by their clinical team. Nausea severity (patient-assessed), timing of emetic episodes, and administration of antiemetics were recorded beginning immediately prior to IT-MTX administration, for the next 24 hr (acute phase), and for a maximum of 7 additional days (delayed phase)...
May 13, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498985/hiv-antibodies-detect-hiv-persistence-and-low-level-viral-replication
#6
Sheila M Keating, Christopher D Pilcher, Vivek Jain, Mila Lebedeva, Dylan Hampton, Mohamed Abdel-Mohsen, Xutao Deng, Gary Murphy, Alex Welte, Shelley N Facente, Frederick Hecht, Steven G Deeks, Satish K Pillai, Michael P Busch
BACKGROUND: HIV antibodies are generated and maintained by ongoing systemic expression of HIV antigen. We investigated whether HIV antibody responses as measured by high-throughput quantitative and qualitative assays could be used to indirectly measure persistent HIV replication in individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: HIV antibody measurements were made over time on and off suppressive ART and were compared to measures of HIV reservoir size and expression of anti-viral restriction factors...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490270/change-point-detection-for-infinite-horizon-dynamic-treatment-regimes
#7
Yair Goldberg, Moshe Pollak, Alexis Mitelpunkt, Mila Orlovsky, Ahuva Weiss-Meilik, Malka Gorfine
A dynamic treatment regime is a set of decision rules for how to treat a patient at multiple time points. At each time point, a treatment decision is made depending on the patient's medical history up to that point. We consider the infinite-horizon setting in which the number of decision points is very large. Specifically, we consider long trajectories of patients' measurements recorded over time. At each time point, the decision whether to intervene or not is conditional on whether or not there was a change in the patient's trajectory...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484521/urinary-podocyte-associated-mrna-levels-correlate-with-proximal-tubule-dysfunction-in-early-diabetic-nephropathy-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Ligia Petrica, Sorin Ursoniu, Florica Gadalean, Adrian Vlad, Gheorghe Gluhovschi, Victor Dumitrascu, Daliborca Vlad, Cristina Gluhovschi, Silvia Velciov, Flaviu Bob, Petru Matusz, Oana Milas, Alina Secara, Anca Simulescu, Roxana Popescu
AIM: The study assessed mRNA expression of podocyte-associated molecules in urinary sediments of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in relation to urinary podocytes, biomarkers of podocyte injury and of proximal tubule (PT) dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 76 patients with type 2 DM and 20 healthy subjects were enrolled in a cross-sectional study, and assessed concerning urinary podocytes, urinary mRNA of podocyte-associated genes, urinary biomarkers of podocyte damage and of PT dysfunction...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482900/a-robust-pcr-for-the-differentiation-of-potential-virulent-strains-of-haemophilus-parasuis
#9
N Galofré-Milà, F Correa-Fiz, S Lacouture, M Gottschalk, K Strutzberg-Minder, A Bensaid, S Pina-Pedrero, V Aragon
BACKGROUND: Haemophilus parasuis is the etiological agent of Glässer's disease in swine. H. parasuis comprises strains with heterogeneous virulence capacity, from non-virulent to highly virulent. Determination of the pathogenic potential of the strains is important for diagnosis and disease control. The virulence-associated trimeric autotransporters (vtaA) genes have been used to predict H. parasuis virulence by PCR amplification of their translocator domains. Here, we report a new and improved PCR designed to detect a different domain of the vtaA genes, the leader sequence (LS) as a diagnostic tool to predict virulence...
May 8, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481635/heterotopic-implantation-of-decellularized-pulmonary-artery-homografts-in-a-rodent-model-technique-description-and-preliminary-report
#10
Arben Dedja, Massimo A Padalino, Mila Della Barbera, Cosimo Rasola, Paola Pesce, Anna Milan, Michela Pozzobon, David Sacerdoti, Gaetano Thiene, Giovanni Stellin
PURPOSE: Despite a substantial amount of literature on tissue-guided regeneration, decellularization process, repopulation time points and stem cell turnover, more in-depth study on the argument is required. Currently, there are plenty of reports involving large animals, as well as clinical studies facing cardiac repair with decellularized homografts, but no exhaustive rodent models are described. The purpose of this study was to develop such a model in rats; preliminary results are also herein reported...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481565/audiovisual-integration-in-social-evaluation
#11
Mila Mileva, James Tompkinson, Dominic Watt, A Mike Burton
Our social evaluation of other people is influenced by their faces and their voices. However, rather little is known about how these channels combine in forming "first impressions." Over 5 experiments, we investigate the relative contributions of facial and vocal information for social judgments: dominance and trustworthiness. The experiments manipulate each of these sources of information within-person, combining faces and voices giving rise to different social attributions. We report that vocal pitch is a reliable source of information for judgments of dominance (Study 1), but not trustworthiness (Study 4)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475098/genetic-polymorphisms-of-cytochrome-p450-enzymes-cyp2c9-cyp2c19-cyp2d6-cyp3a4-and-cyp3a5-in-the-croatian-population
#12
Lana Ganoci, Tamara Božina, Nikica Mirošević Skvrce, Mila Lovrić, Petar Mas, Nada Božina
BACKGROUND: Data on the frequency of pharmacogenetic polymorphisms in the Croatian population are limited. We determined and analyzed frequencies for the most important CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5 genetic variants in the Croatian population. METHODS: 2637 subjects were included. Genotyping was performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using TaqMan® DME or TaqMan® SNP Genotyping Assays, and by PCR, and PCR-RFLP analysis. RESULTS: For CYP2C9, allele frequencies of *2 and *3 variant were 14...
February 11, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Personalized Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454378/prognostic-value-of-intratumoral-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-expression-in-testicular-germ-cell-tumors
#13
Katarina Kalavska, Zuzana Cierna, Michal Chovanec, Martina Takacova, Daniela Svetlovska, Viera Miskovska, Jana Obertova, Patrik Palacka, Jan Rajec, Zuzana Sycova-Mila, Katarina Machalekova, Karol Kajo, Stanislav Spanik, Jozef Mardiak, Pavel Babal, Silvia Pastorekova, Michal Mego
Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) represent a highly curable malignancy, however a small proportion of patients fails to be cured with cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) is upregulated by hypoxia in several cancer types and correlates with a poor prognosis. The present translational study evaluated expression and prognostic value of CA IX in TGCTs. Surgical specimens from 228 patients with TGCTs were processed by the tissue microarray method and subjected to immunohistochemistry with the M75 monoclonal antibody...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448620/correction-systematics-of-the-dendropsophus-leucophyllatus-species-complex-anura-hylidae-cryptic-diversity-and-the-description-of-two-new-species
#14
Marcel A Caminer, Borja Milá, Martin Jansen, Antoine Fouquet, Pablo J Venegas, Germán Chávez, Stephen C Lougheed, Santiago R Ron
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0171785.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448583/characterization-of-the-fecal-microbiome-during-neonatal-and-early-pediatric-development-in-puppies
#15
Blake C Guard, Hanna Mila, Jörg M Steiner, Claire Mariani, Jan S Suchodolski, Sylvie Chastant-Maillard
Limited information is available describing the development of the neonatal fecal microbiome in dogs. Feces from puppies were collected at 2, 21, 42, and 56 days after birth. Feces were also collected from the puppies' mothers at a single time point within 24 hours after parturition. DNA was extracted from fecal samples and 454-pyrosequencing was used to profile 16S rRNA genes. Species richness continued to increase significantly from 2 days of age until 42 days of age in puppies. Furthermore, microbial communities clustered separately from each other at 2, 21, and 42 days of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423363/multiple-gene-panel-analysis-in-a-case-series-of-255-women-with-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer
#16
Gianluca Tedaldi, Michela Tebaldi, Valentina Zampiga, Rita Danesi, Valentina Arcangeli, Mila Ravegnani, Ilaria Cangini, Francesca Pirini, Elisabetta Petracci, Andrea Rocca, Fabio Falcini, Dino Amadori, Daniele Calistri
As new genes predisposing to breast (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) are constantly emerging, the use of panels of genes analyzed by Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) is increasing in clinical diagnostics. The identification of a large number of new germline mutations allows for deeper knowledge of cancer predisposition, although raising many questions about patient management.BC and OC patients recruited by our counseling service between 2012-2015 were included in this study. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and a panel of 94 genes involved in hereditary tumors was analyzed by NGS...
April 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422014/palliative-care-in-humanitarian-crises-always-something-to-offer
#17
Richard A Powell, Lisa Schwartz, Elysée Nouvet, Brett Sutton, Mila Petrova, Joan Marston, Daniel Munday, Lukas Radbruch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402063/reproductive-performance-and-pre-weaning-mortality-preliminary-analysis-of-27-221-purebred-female-dogs-and-204-537-puppies-in-france
#18
S Chastant-Maillard, C Guillemot, A Feugier, C Mariani, A Grellet, H Mila
The objective of this study was to describe efficiency of reproduction of purebred dogs in field breeding conditions, from mating to weaning in France. Data were collected between 2010 and 2014 in 5,667 French breeding kennels via a reproduction management software (Breeding Management System, Royal Canin, Aimargues, France). Effect of breed size (Mini: adult body weight <10 kg; Medium: 10-25 kg; Maxi: 25-40 kg; Giant: >40 kg), age of dam and male on pregnancy rate, abortion rate and litter size were evaluated by multivariable models...
April 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398739/precipitate-coacervate-transformation-in-polyelectrolyte-mixed-micelle-systems
#19
Fatih Comert, Duy Nguyen, Marguerite Rushanan, Peker Milas, Amy Y Xu, Paul L Dubin
The polycation/anionic-nonionic mixed micelle, poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)-sodium dodecyl sulfate/Triton X-100 (PDADMAC-SDS/TX100), is a model polyelectrolyte-colloid system in that the micellar mole fraction of SDS (Y) controls the micelle surface charge density, thus modulating the polyelectrolyte-colloid interaction. The exquisite temperature dependence of this system provides an important additional variable, controlling both liquid-liquid (L-L) and liquid-solid (L-S) phase separation, both of which are driven by the entropy of small ion release...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398230/integrating-spherical-panoramas-and-maps-for-visualization-of-cultural-heritage-objects-using-virtual-reality-technology
#20
Mila Koeva, Mila Luleva, Plamen Maldjanski
Development and virtual representation of 3D models of Cultural Heritage (CH) objects has triggered great interest over the past decade. The main reason for this is the rapid development in the fields of photogrammetry and remote sensing, laser scanning, and computer vision. The advantages of using 3D models for restoration, preservation, and documentation of valuable historical and architectural objects have been numerously demonstrated by scientists in the field. Moreover, 3D model visualization in virtual reality has been recognized as an efficient, fast, and easy way of representing a variety of objects worldwide for present-day users, who have stringent requirements and high expectations...
April 11, 2017: Sensors
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