keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mila

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324831/the-plantlibra-consumer-survey-findings-on-the-use-of-plant-food-supplements-in-italy
#1
Patrizia Restani, Chiara Di Lorenzo, Alicia Garcia-Alvarez, Gianfranco Frigerio, Francesca Colombo, Franco M Maggi, Raimon Milà-Villarroel, Lluis Serra-Majem
BACKGROUND: Food supplements, and in particular those containing botanicals (plant food supplements, PFS), have in recent decades been of great interest both to consumers and to food/pharmaceutical industries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to examine replies by Italian consumers to the PlantLIBRA consumers' survey in order to: 1) assess the behaviour of an Italian population with respect to the use of PFS, and to compare it with that of other 5 countries involved in the whole survey; 2) identify different habits in the 4 Italian cities selected according to their geographical distribution; 3) collect independent information on the actual intake of PFS and consumers' behaviour...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279420/deregulated-profiles-of-urinary-micrornas-may-explain-podocyte-injury-and-proximal-tubule-dysfunction-in-normoalbuminuric-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Oana Milas, Florica Gadalean, Adrian Vlad, Victor Dumitrascu, Cristina Gluhovschi, Gheorghe Gluhovschi, Silvia Velciov, Roxana Popescu, Flaviu Bob, Petru Matusz, Agneta-Maria Pusztai, Octavian M Cretu, Alina Secara, Anca Simulescu, Sorin Ursoniu, Daliborca Vlad, Ligia Petrica
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA species that are important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. The aim of the study was to establish a potential explanation of podocyte damage and proximal tubule (PT) dysfunction induced by deregulated miRNAs expression in the course of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). A total of 68 patients with type 2 DM and 11 healthy subjects were enrolled in a cross-sectional study and assessed concerning urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (UACR), urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamininidase (NAG), urinary kidney injury molecule-1, urinary nephrin, podocalyxin, synaptopodin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary miRNA21, miRNA124, and miRNA192...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208705/an-amazing-meeting-arrangement-in-messenger-rna-genes
#3
Thoru Pederson
Convened at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory on October 22-25, 2017, "40 Years of mRNA Splicing: From Discovery to Therapeutics" was one in a series of meetings held by the Laboratory's Genentech Center for the History of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (http://library.cshl.edu.Meetings/History of Science/), organized by Mila Pollock, Executive Director of Library and Archives and on this occasion co-organized by Phil Sharp (MIT) and Joan Steitz (Yale) (Fig. 1). In coming up with a title for this report, I couldn't resist punning that of one of the two seminal papers (Berget et al...
December 5, 2017: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205428/power-doppler-ultrasonography-and-shear-wave-elastography-as-complementary-imaging-methods-for-suspected-local-breast-cancer-recurrence
#4
Rodrigo Menezes Jales, Maira Teixeira Dória, Kátia Piton Serra, Mila Meneguelli Miranda, Carlos Alberto Menossi, Klaus Schumacher, Luis Otávio Sarian
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate the diagnostic accuracy and clinical consequences of power Doppler morphologic criteria and shear wave elastography (SWE) as complementary imaging methods for evaluation of suspected local breast cancer recurrence in the ipsilateral breast or chest wall. METHODS: Thirty-two breast masses with a suspicion of local breast cancer recurrence on B-mode ultrasonography underwent complementary power Doppler and SWE evaluations. Power Doppler morphologic criteria were classified as avascular, hypovascular, or hypervascular...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205289/can-mesophotic-reefs-replenish-shallow-reefs-reduced-coral-reproductive-performance-casts-a-doubt
#5
Tom Shlesinger, Mila Grinblat, Hanna Rapuano, Tal Amit, Yossi Loya
Mesophotic coral ecosystems (i.e. deep coral reefs at 30-120 m depth) appear to be thriving while many shallow reefs in the world are declining. Amidst efforts to understand and manage their decline, it was suggested that mesophotic reefs might serve as natural refuges and a possible source of propagules for the shallow reefs. However, our knowledge of how reproductive performance of corals alters with depth is sparse. Here, we present a comprehensive study of the reproductive phenology, fecundity and abundance of seven reef-building conspecific corals in shallow and mesophotic habitats...
December 2, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199106/recovering-the-evolutionary-history-of-crowned-pigeons-columbidae-goura-implications-for-the-biogeography-and-conservation-of-new-guinean-lowland-birds
#6
Jade Bruxaux, Maëva Gabrielli, Hidayat Ashari, Robert Prŷs-Jones, Leo Joseph, Borja Milá, Guillaume Besnard, Christophe Thébaud
Assessing the relative contributions of immigration and diversification into the buildup of species diversity is key to understanding the role of historical processes in driving biogeographical and diversification patterns in species-rich regions. Here, we investigated how colonization, in situ speciation, and extinction history may have generated the present-day distribution and diversity of Goura crowned pigeons (Columbidae), a group of large forest-dwelling pigeons comprising four recognized species that are all endemic to New Guinea...
November 30, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192143/profiling-of-the-transcriptional-response-to-all-trans-retinoic-acid-in-breast-cancer-cells-reveals-rare-independent-mechanisms-of-gene-expression
#7
Krysta Mila Coyle, Selena Maxwell, Margaret Lois Thomas, Paola Marcato
Retinoids, derivatives of vitamin A, are key physiological molecules with regulatory effects on cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. As a result, they are of interest for cancer therapy. Specifically, models of breast cancer have varied responses to manipulations of retinoid signaling. This study characterizes the transcriptional response of MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cells to retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 1A3 (ALDH1A3) and all-trans retinoic acid (atRA). We demonstrate limited overlap between ALDH1A3-induced gene expression and atRA-induced gene expression in both cell lines, suggesting that the function of ALDH1A3 in breast cancer progression extends beyond its role as a retinaldehyde dehydrogenase...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187800/reference-intervals-for-six-salivary-cortisol-measures-based-on-the-croatian-late-adolescence-stress-study-class
#8
Daniela Šupe-Domić, Goran Milas, Lada Stanišić, Irena Drmić Hofman, Irena Martinović Klarić
Introduction: The aim of this nested study is to provide the reference intervals for already published measurements of salivary cortisol from the Croatian Adolescence Stress Study (CLASS). Material and methods: A total of 969 individuals (372 males and 597 females) were included in the reference sample (age range: 18-21 years). Salivary cortisol concentrations were determined by the enzyme immunoassay (LUCIO-Medical ELISA Salivary Cortisol Kit, Nal von Minden, Germany) in the Department of Medical Laboratory Diagnostics, University Hospital Split...
February 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186347/severe-respiratory-illness-associated-with-rhinovirus-during-the-ev-d68-outbreak-in-the-united-states-august-november-2014
#9
Mila M Prill, Rebecca Dahl, Claire M Midgley, Shur-Wern Wang Chern, Xiaoyan Lu, Daniel Feikin, Senthilkumar K Sakthivel, W Allan Nix, John Watson, Susan I Gerber, M Steven Oberste
BACKGROUND: In 2014, a nationwide outbreak of severe respiratory illness occurred in the United States, primarily associated with enterovirus D-68 (EV-D68). A proportion of illness was associated with rhinoviruses and other enteroviruses, which we aimed to characterize further. METHODS: Respiratory specimens from pediatric and adult patients with respiratory illness were submitted to CDC during August - November 2014. While initial laboratory testing focused on identification of EV-D68, the negative specimens were typed by molecular sequencing to identify additional enterovirus (EV) and rhinovirus (RV) types...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183646/a-risk-score-to-predict-the-absence-of-left-ventricular-reverse-remodeling-implications-for-the-timing-of-icd-implantation-in-primary-prevention
#10
Jordi Pérez-Rodon, Enrique Galve, Carmen Pérez-Bocanegra, Teresa Soriano-Sánchez, Jesús Recio-Iglesias, Eva Domingo-Baldrich, Mila Alzola-Guevara, Ignacio Ferreira-González, Josep Ramon Marsal, Aida Ribera-Solé, Laura Gutierrez García-Moreno, Luz María Cruz-Carlos, Nuria Rivas-Gandara, Ivo Roca-Luque, Jaume Francisco-Pascual, Artur Evangelista-Masip, Àngel Moya-Mitjans, David García-Dorado
BACKGROUND: A prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in patients with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) is only indicated when left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) reassessment remains ≤35% after 3-6 months on optimal pharmacological therapy. However, LVEF may not improve during this period and the patient may be exposed to an unnecessary risk of sudden cardiac death. This study aimed to determine the incidence and predictors of the absence of left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) after pharmacological treatment optimization in patients with HFrEF to design a risk score of absence of LVRR...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173225/preventing-respiratory-viral-transmission-in-long-term-care-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-healthcare-personnel
#11
Caroline A O'Neil, Lindsay Kim, Mila M Prill, Nimalie D Stone, Shikha Garg, H Keipp Talbot, Hilary M Babcock
OBJECTIVE To examine knowledge and attitudes about influenza vaccination and infection prevention practices among healthcare personnel (HCP) in a long-term-care (LTC) setting. DESIGN Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) survey. SETTING An LTC facility in St Louis, Missouri. PARTICIPANTS All HCP working at the LTC facility were eligible to participate, regardless of department or position. Of 170 full- and part-time HCP working at the facility, 73 completed the survey, a 42.9% response rate. RESULTS Most HCP agreed that respiratory viral infections were serious and that hand hygiene and face mask use were protective...
December 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142618/melatonin-supplementation-lowers-oxidative-stress-and-regulates-adipokines-in-obese-patients-on-a-calorie-restricted-diet
#12
Karolina Szewczyk-Golec, Paweł Rajewski, Marcin Gackowski, Celestyna Mila-Kierzenkowska, Roland Wesołowski, Paweł Sutkowy, Marta Pawłowska, Alina Woźniak
Obesity is one of the major global health problems. Melatonin deficiency has been demonstrated to correlate with obesity. The aim of the study was to estimate the effect of melatonin on oxidative stress and adipokine levels in obese patients on a calorie-restricted diet. Thirty obese patients were supplemented with a daily dose of 10 mg of melatonin (n = 15) or placebo (n = 15) for 30 days with a calorie-restricted diet. Serum levels of melatonin, 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), adiponectin, omentin-1, leptin, and resistin, as well as erythrocytic malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration and Zn/Cu-superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities, were measured at baseline and after supplementation...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131278/fractal-and-stereological-analyses-of-insulin-induced-rat-exocrine-pancreas-remodeling
#13
Mila Pajevic, Marija Aleksic, Igor Golic, Milica Markelic, Vesna Otasevic, Aleksandra Jankovic, Ana Stancic, Bato Korac, Aleksandra Korac
The effect of insulin on the endocrine pancreas has been the subject of extensive study, but quantitative morphometric investigations of the exocrine pancreas are scarce. This study was therefore undertaken to investigate the effect of acute and chronic insulin administration (two doses, 0.4 IU and 4 IU) on the morphology of rat pancreas acini. Semi-fine sections stained with methylene blue and basic fuchsine or hematoxylin- and eosin-stained 5-micrometer thick paraffin sections were used for fractal and stereological analysis of exocrine acini...
November 13, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129238/diet-versus-jaw-bones-lessons-from-experimental-models-and-potential-clinical-implications
#14
REVIEW
Carina Cristina Montalvany-Antonucci, Marina C Zicker, Marina C Oliveira, Soraia Macari, Mila Fernandes M Madeira, Ildeu Andrade, Adaliene Versiani M Ferreira, Tarcilia A Silva
The consumption of different types of diets influences not only body health but the bone remodeling process as well. Nutritional components can directly affect maxillary and mandibular alveolar bone microarchitecture. In this review, we focus on the current knowledge regarding the influence of diets and dietary supplementation on alveolar bone. Accumulating evidence from experimental models suggests that carbohydrate- and fat-rich diets are detrimental for alveolar bone, whereas protective effects are associated with consumption of calcium, ω-3, and bioactive compounds...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128644/mass-drug-administration-the-sustainable-control-of-schistosomiasis-community-health-workers-are-vital-for-global-elimination-efforts
#15
Marianette T Inobaya, Thao N Chau, Shu-Kay Ng, Colin MacDougall, Remigio M Olveda, Veronica L Tallo, Jhoys M Landicho, Carol M Malacad, Mila F Aligato, Jerric R Guevarra, Allen G Ross
OBJECTIVES: Schistosomiasis control is centered on preventive chemotherapy through mass drug administration (MDA) but endemic countries continue to struggle to attain target coverage rates and patient compliance. In the Philippines, Barangay Health Workers (BHWs) play a vital role in the coordination of MDA as advocates, implementers, and educators. The aim of this study was to determine if the BHWs' knowledge and attitudes towards schistosomiasis and MDA is sufficient and correlated with resident knowledge and drug compliance...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126682/oxygen-cardiac-surgery-and-delirium
#16
EDITORIAL
Marc Giménez-Milà, Alain Vuylsteke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109704/assessment-and-translation-of-the-antibody-in-lymphocyte-supernatant-als-assay-to-improve-the-diagnosis-of-enteric-fever-in-two-controlled-human-infection-models-and-an-endemic-area-of-nepal
#17
Thomas C Darton, Claire Jones, Sabina Dongol, Merryn Voysey, Christoph J Blohmke, Rajendra Shrestha, Abhilasha Karkey, Mila Shakya, Amit Arjyal, Claire S Waddington, Malick Gibani, Michael J Carter, Buddha Basnyat, Stephen Baker, Andrew J Pollard
New diagnostic tests for enteric fever are urgently needed to assist with timely antimicrobial treatment of patients and to measure the efficacy of prevention measures such as vaccination. In a novel translational approach, here we use two recently developed controlled human infection models (CHIM) of enteric fever to evaluate an antibody-in-lymphocyte supernatant (ALS) assay, which can detect recent IgA antibody production by circulating B cells in ex vivo mononuclear cell culture. We calculated the discriminative ability of the ALS assay to distinguish diagnosed cases in the two CHIM studies in Oxford, prior to evaluating blood culture-confirmed diagnoses of patients presenting with fever to hospital in an endemic areas of Kathmandu, Nepal...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103687/reproduction-of-respiratory-mycoplasmosis-in-calves-by-exposure-to-an-aerosolised-culture-of-mycoplasma-bovis
#18
Anna Kanci, Nadeeka K Wawegama, Marc S Marenda, Peter D Mansell, Glenn F Browning, Philip F Markham
Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen of cattle, causing pneumonia, arthritis and otitis media in young calves, and mastitis in lactating cows, resulting in increased morbidity and, in some instances, mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the survival of a M. bovis isolate following nebulisation and to establish whether respiratory disease similar to that seen in the field could be induced in calves by exposing them to an aerosolised culture of M. bovis. A group of eight M. bovis-free calves 14-28days old were exposed to an aerosolised culture of a field isolate of M...
October 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098542/nutrient-composition-of-three-mangulica-pork-cuts-from-serbia
#19
Dragica Nikolic, Sasa Jankovic, Nenad Parunovic, Vladimir Koricanac, Nikola Stanisic, Lato Pezo, Mila Lausevic
The purpose of this study was to analyze and evaluate the levels of essential elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Se) and proximate composition (moisture, protein, fat, and ash) of three pork cuts (loin, hind leg, and shoulder) from free-range Mangulica pigs from Serbia. Essential elements were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Shoulder contained the highest levels of essential elements (Mn, 0.192 mg kg(-1); Fe, 19.550 mg kg(-1); Cu, 1.490 mg kg(-1); Zn, 44.470 mg kg(-1); and Se, 0...
November 2, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094102/project-echo-a-telementoring-program-for-cervical-cancer-prevention-and-treatment-in-low-resource-settings
#20
Melissa S Lopez, Ellen S Baker, Andrea M Milbourne, Rose M Gowen, Ana M Rodriguez, Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Catherine Mwaba, Susan Citonje Msadabwe, José Humberto Tavares, Georgia Fontes-Cintra, Gustavo Zucca-Matthes, Donato Callegaro-Filho, Danielle Ramos-Martin, Icaro Thiago de Carvalho, Robson Coelho, Renato Moretti Marques, Thiago Chulam, Mila Pontremoli-Salcedo, Fernanda Nozar, Veronica Fiol, Mauricio Maza, Sanjeev Arora, Ernest T Hawk, Kathleen M Schmeler
Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates are significantly higher in low- and middle-income countries compared with the United States and other developed countries. This disparity is caused by decreased access to screening, often coupled with low numbers of trained providers offering cancer prevention and treatment services. However, similar disparities are also found in underserved areas of the United States, such as the Texas-Mexico border, where cervical cancer mortality rates are 30% higher than in the rest of Texas...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
keyword
keyword
85040
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"