keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Afghanistan

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720187/experiences-with-regional-anesthesia-for-analgesia-during-prolonged-aeromedical-evacuation
#1
Jeffrey M Carness, Melissa A Wilson, Mark J Lenart, Danny E Smith, Susan F Dukes
INTRODUCTION: There is much debate regarding the appropriate analgesic management of patients undergoing medical evacuation following combat trauma. Our primary objective was to review the utility of regional anesthetic techniques in patients undergoing aeromedical evacuation following surgical limb amputation as treatment for combat trauma. METHODS: This study was conducted as an observational retrospective cohort whereby acutely injured amputee patients were identified via the U...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717729/middle-eastern-conflicts-implications-for-refugee-health-in-the-european-union-and-middle-eastern-host-countries
#2
Michael Silbermann, Michel Daher, Rejin Kebudi, Omar Nimri, Mazin Al-Jadiry, Lea Baider
Until very recently, health care in conflict settings was based on a model developed in the second half of the twentieth century. Things have changed, and present civil wars, such as those that are currently taking place in the Middle East, do not address the complexity of the ongoing armed conflicts in countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan. These conflicts have caused a significant increase in the number of refugees in the region, as well as in Europe. Hundreds of thousands of refugees succeed in settling in mid- and north-European countries, and their health issues are becoming of great importance...
December 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716353/assessment-of-progress-towards-universal-health-coverage-for-people-with-disabilities-in-afghanistan-a-multilevel-analysis-of-repeated-cross-sectional-surveys
#3
Jean-Francois Trani, Praveen Kumar, Ellis Ballard, Tarani Chandola
BACKGROUND: Since 2002, Afghanistan has made much effort to achieve universal health coverage. According to the UN Sustainable Development Goal 3, target eight, the provision of quality care to all must include usually underserved groups, including people with disabilities. We investigated whether a decade of international investment in the Afghan health system has brought quality health care to this group. METHODS: We used data from two representative household surveys, one done in 2005 and one in 2013, in 13 provinces of Afghanistan, that included questions about activity limitations and functioning difficulties, socioeconomic factors, perceived availability of health care, and experience with coverage of health-care needs...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712195/giant-cementoblastoma-of-left-maxilla-involving-a-deciduous-molar
#4
Anam Javed, Syed Majid Hussain Shah
Cementoblastoma is a relatively rare benign tumour. The clinicopathologic features, radiological findings, treatment and prognosis are reported here in a 10-year-old girl who presented to us from Afghanistan. The tumor was managed surgically and the histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of cementoblastoma. There was no evidence of recurrence at one year of follow up.
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710975/paternal-history-of-mental-illness-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-veterans
#5
Megan Shepherd-Banigan, Michelle L Kelley, Jodie G Katon, John F Curry, Karen M Goldstein, Mira Brancu, H Ryan Wagner, Teresa E Fecteau, Courtney H Van Houtven
This study examined the association between parent and family reported history of non-PTSD mental illness (MI), PTSD specifically, and substance use problems, and participant clinical diagnosis of PTSD. Participants were drawn from the US Department of Veterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center (MIRECC) Post-Deployment Mental Health (PDMH) study (n = 3191), an ongoing multi-site cohort study of US Afghanistan and Iraq conflict era veterans. Participants who recalled a father history of PTSD had a 26-percentage point higher likelihood of meeting criteria for PTSD; while participants reporting any family history of PTSD had a 15-percentage point higher probability of endorsing symptoms consistent with PTSD...
June 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709118/combat-exposure-and-pain-in-male-and-female-afghanistan-and-iraq-veterans-the-role-of-mediators-and-moderators
#6
Melissa M Buttner, Kathryn M Godfrey, Elizabeth Floto, James Pittman, Laurie Lindamer, Niloofar Afari
Veterans experience physical health problems associated with disability and poor quality of life following combat exposure (CE). Understanding the CE-physical health relationship, specifically pain intensity and somatic pain, may inform etiological models and interventions. This study examined the CE-pain relationship, associated mediators, and gender as a moderator. 2381 veterans at the VA San Diego Healthcare System completed paper or electronic self-report measures of pain intensity and somatic pain. Analyses examined associations of pain with CE and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and resilience as mediators of the CE-pain association...
July 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690925/the-role-of-ptsd-depression-and-alcohol-misuse-symptom-severity-in-linking-deployment-stressor-exposure-and-post-military-work-and-family-outcomes-in-male-and-female-veterans
#7
Brian N Smith, Emily C Taverna, Annie B Fox, Paula P Schnurr, Rebecca A Matteo, Dawne Vogt
Exposure to stressors during military deployment puts veterans at risk for reduced post-military quality of life. Stress-related mental health problems may lead to decreased well-being within work and family domains, yet few studies have explored associations in the context of gender. We examined relationships between deployment stressors and post-military functioning and satisfaction in the domains of work and family, with a focus on PTSD, depression, and alcohol misuse symptomatology as potential mediators...
July 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687082/experiences-of-inequitable-care-among-afghan-mothers-surviving-near-miss-morbidity-in-tehran-iran-a-qualitative-interview-study
#8
Soheila Mohammadi, Aje Carlbom, Robabeh Taheripanah, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Providing equitable maternal care to migrants is a seriously challenging task for hosting countries. Iran, the second-most accessed country for refugees from Afghanistan, has achieved maternal health improvement. However, Afghan women with near-miss morbidity faced pre-hospital delays and disparity in maternal care at hospitals. This study explores experiences of maternal care among Afghan women surviving near-miss morbidity to increase insight into healthcare improvements for migrants...
July 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686964/relative-importance-of-13-correlates-of-child-stunting-in-south-asia-insights-from-nationally-representative-data-from-afghanistan-bangladesh-india-nepal-and-pakistan
#9
Rockli Kim, Iván Mejía-Guevara, Daniel J Corsi, Víctor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Optimal growth and development in early childhood is determined by a complex interplay of child, maternal, household, environmental, and socioeconomic factors that influence nutritional intake, but interventions to reduce child undernutrition sometimes target specific risk factors in isolation. In this analysis, we assess the relative importance of 13 correlates of child stunting selected based on a collective review of existing multi-factorial frameworks: complementary feeding, breastfeeding, feeding frequency, dietary diversity, maternal height, body mass index (BMI), education, age at marriage, child vaccination, access to improved drinking source and sanitation facilities, household indoor air quality, and household wealth...
June 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685828/food-and-nutrition-security-in-the-hindu-kush-himalayan-region
#10
Golam Rasul, Abid Hussain, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Narendra Dangol
The status of food and nutrition security and its underlying factors in the Hindu-Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is investigated. In this region, one-third to a half of children (<5 years of age) suffer from stunting, with wasting and underweight also being very high. The prevalence of stunting, wasting, and underweight in children is particularly high in some mountain areas such as Meghalaya state in India, the western mountains and far-western hills of Nepal, Balochistan province in Pakistan, eastern Afghanistan, and Chin state in Myanmar...
July 7, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683750/use-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests-by-community-health-workers-in-afghanistan-cluster-randomised-trial
#11
Toby Leslie, Mark Rowland, Amy Mikhail, Bonnie Cundill, Barbara Willey, Asif Alokozai, Ismail Mayan, Anwar Hasanzai, Sayed Habibullah Baktash, Nader Mohammed, Molly Wood, Habib-U-Rahman Rahimi, Baptiste Laurent, Cyril Buhler, Christopher J M Whitty
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends parasitological diagnosis of malaria before treatment, but use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs) by community health workers (CHWs) has not been fully tested within health services in south and central Asia. mRDTs could allow CHWs to diagnose malaria accurately, improving treatment of febrile illness. METHODS: A cluster randomised trial in community health services was undertaken in Afghanistan. The primary outcome was the proportion of suspected malaria cases correctly treated for polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-confirmed malaria and PCR negative cases receiving no antimalarial drugs measured at the level of the patient...
July 7, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682983/can-anger-be-helpful-soldier-perceptions-of-the-utility-of-anger
#12
Amy B Adler, Daniel F Brossart, Robin L Toblin
Studies have found that soldiers returning from combat deployment report elevated levels of anger and aggression. The present study examined the perception that anger was helpful in performing occupationally related duties and whether this perception was associated with mental health problems, somatic symptoms, and functioning. Soldiers (N = 627) completed a survey 4 months after their deployment to Afghanistan and again 3 months later. When examining anger over time, findings revealed four groups of different latent classes: low stable (resilient), high stable (chronic), decreasing over time (improved), and increasing over time (delayed problems)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682121/regulation-and-resistance-negotiation-of-premarital-sexuality-in-the-context-of-migrant-and-refugee-women
#13
Alexandra J Hawkey, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
Constructions of normative sexuality shape the sexual scripts that women are permitted to adopt and the manner in which such sexuality can be expressed. We explored experiences and constructions of premarital sexuality among migrant and refugee women recently resettled in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada. A total of 78 semistructured individual interviews and 15 focus groups composed of 82 participants were undertaken with women who had migrated from Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Sri Lanka, and South America...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681265/a-systematic-review-on-the-prevalence-of-conduct-disorder-in-the-middle-east
#14
REVIEW
Maryam Salmanian, Fatemeh Asadian-Koohestani, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi
OBJECTIVE: Several epidemiological studies have been done on conduct disorder in the Middle East, but no systematic review has been conducted on this topic. Thus, we aimed at investigating the prevalence of conduct disorder in the Middle East in this systematic review of the literature. METHODS: We searched all the cross-sectional studies in the scientific databases of PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Islamic World Science Citation Center, and Grey Literature including conference proceedings, and hand searching of key journals from 1995 to the end of 2014...
July 5, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674864/phylogenetic-analysis-of-h9n2-avian-influenza-viruses-in-afghanistan-2016-2017
#15
Hossein Hosseini, Arash Ghalyanchilangeroudi, Mohammad Hossein Fallah Mehrabadi, Mohammad Saeed Sediqian, Arzhang Shayeganmehr, Seyed Ali Ghafouri, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Hamed Abdollahi, Reza Kh Farahani
Avian influenza A virus (AIV) subtype H9N2 is the most prevalent subtype found in terrestrial poultry throughout Eurasia and has been isolated from poultry outbreaks worldwide. Tracheal tissue specimens from 100 commercial broiler flocks in Afghanistan were collected between 2016 and 2017. After real-time RT-PCR, AI-positive samples were further characterized. A part of the HA gene was amplified using RT-PCR and sequenced. The results of real-time RT-PCR showed that 40 percent of the flocks were AI positive...
July 3, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669316/screening-for-ptsd-symptoms-in-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-a-test-of-the-cries-8-questionnaire-in-routine-care
#16
Raziye Salari, Cariz Malekian, Linda Linck, Robert Kristiansson, Anna Sarkadi
AIMS: The dramatic increase in the number of refugees in Europe presents a major public health challenge. The limited existing evidence indicates that the mental health needs of refugees are significant; unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) constitute a particularly vulnerable group. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether a short questionnaire (Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale; CRIES-8) could be used as a screening tool for PTSD symptoms in URMs, 8-18 years old, during their routine health check-up...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661934/associations-among-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-substance-use-and-affective-attentional-processing-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans
#17
Gabrielle I Liverant, Melissa M Amick, Shimrit K Black, Michael Esterman, Blair E Wisco, Molly C Gibian, Brian P Marx, Regina E McGlinchey
The majority of research examining affective attentional bias in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has not examined the influence of co-occurring psychiatric disorders. This study examined the individual and interactive effects of PTSD symptoms and substance use disorders (SUDs) on affective attentional processing among 323 veterans deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Participants were divided into those with SUD (SUD+, n = 46) and those without (SUD-, n = 277). Substance use disorder was determined using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657831/case-report-life-saving-application-of-commercial-tourniquet-in-pediatric-extremity-hemorrhage
#18
David W Callaway, Andrew Puciaty, Josh Robertson, Tony Hannon, Sarah E Fabiano
Hemorrhage is the leading preventable cause of death in civilian and military trauma. Recent data from the ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan suggest that early and aggressive tourniquet utilization is a safe and effective way to dramatically reduce mortality from extremity hemorrhage. As a result, prehospital tourniquet use is now endorsed by a majority of professional emergency medicine, emergency medical service and trauma professional societies. However, there currently exists scant evidence supporting the efficacy of commercially available tourniquets in controlling extremity hemorrhage in pediatric trauma patients...
June 28, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656593/the-post-deployment-mental-health-pdmh-study-and-repository-a-multi-site-study-of-us-afghanistan-and-iraq-era-veterans
#19
Mira Brancu, H Ryan Wagner, Rajendra A Morey, Jean C Beckham, Patrick S Calhoun, Larry A Tupler, Christine E Marx, Katherine H Taber, Robin A Hurley, Jared Rowland, Scott D McDonald, Jeffrey M Hoerle, Scott D Moore, Harold S Kudler, Richard D Weiner, John A Fairbank
The United States (US) Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC) Post-Deployment Mental Health (PDMH) multi-site study examines post-deployment mental health in US military Afghanistan/Iraq-era veterans. The study includes the comprehensive behavioral health characterization of over 3600 study participants and the genetic, metabolomic, neurocognitive, and neuroimaging data for many of the participants. The study design also incorporates an infrastructure for a data repository to re-contact participants for follow-up studies...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649309/respiratory-symptoms-among-swedish-soldiers-after-military-service-abroad-association-with-time-spent-in-a-desert-environment
#20
Johannes Saers, Linda Ekerljung, Bertil Forsberg, Christer Janson
Introduction: The aim of this paper was to study whether Swedish soldiers who have served abroad had a higher prevalence of respiratory symptoms than the general population and, if this was the case, also to study whether this was associated with time spent in a desert environment. Methods:The prevalence of respiratory symptoms among 1,080 veterans from Kosovo and Afghanistan was compared with that in almost 27,000 subjects from a general population sample, using propensity score matching and logistic regression...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
keyword
keyword
8504
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"