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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499260/metal-toxicity-affects-predatory-stream-invertebrates-less-than-other-functional-feeding-groups
#1
Matthias Liess, Nadine V Gerner, Ben J Kefford
Ecosystem effects of heavy metals need to be identified for a retrospective risk assessment, and potential impacts need to be predicted for a prospective risk assessment. In this study, we established a strong correlation between the toxic pressure of dissolved metals and invertebrate species. We compiled available data from a wide geographical range of Australian streams that were contaminated with heavy metals [mainly copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn)] and the corresponding invertebrate communities. Heavy metal toxicity is positively related to the proportion of predators within the invertebrate community, represented by the predatorratio, with an effect threshold range of 2...
May 9, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498120/evaluation-of-statistical-distributions-to-analyze-the-pollution-of-cd-and-pb-in-urban-runoff
#2
Amin Toranjian, Safar Marofi
Heavy metal pollution in urban runoff causes severe environmental damage. Identification of these pollutants and their statistical analysis is necessary to provide management guidelines. In this study, 45 continuous probability distribution functions were selected to fit the Cd and Pb data in the runoff events of an urban area during October 2014-May 2015. The sampling was conducted from the outlet of the city basin during seven precipitation events. For evaluation and ranking of the functions, we used the goodness of fit Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Anderson-Darling tests...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493951/properties-of-biochar-derived-from-wood-and-high-nutrient-biomasses-with-the-aim-of-agronomic-and-environmental-benefits
#3
Rimena R Domingues, Paulo F Trugilho, Carlos A Silva, Isabel Cristina N A de Melo, Leônidas C A Melo, Zuy M Magriotis, Miguel A Sánchez-Monedero
Biochar production and use are part of the modern agenda to recycle wastes, and to retain nutrients, pollutants, and heavy metals in the soil and to offset some greenhouse gas emissions. Biochars from wood (eucalyptus sawdust, pine bark), sugarcane bagasse, and substances rich in nutrients (coffee husk, chicken manure) produced at 350, 450 and 750°C were characterized to identify agronomic and environmental benefits, which may enhance soil quality. Biochars derived from wood and sugarcane have greater potential for improving C storage in tropical soils due to a higher aromatic character, high C concentration, low H/C ratio, and FTIR spectra features as compared to nutrient-rich biochars...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484873/geo-accumulation-index-and-contamination-factors-of-heavy-metals-zn-and-pb-in-urban-river-sediment
#4
Hazzeman Haris, Ley Juen Looi, Ahmad Zaharin Aris, Nor Farhanna Mokhtar, Nur Ain Ayunie Ayob, Fatimah Md Yusoff, Abu Bakar Salleh, Sarva Mangala Praveena
The aim of the present study was to appraise the levels of heavy metal contamination (Zn and Pb) in sediment of the Langat River (Selangor, Malaysia). Samples were collected randomly from 15 sampling stations located along the Langat River. The parameters measured were pH, redox potential, salinity, electrical conductivity, loss of ignition, cation exchanges capacity (Na, Mg, Ca, K), and metal ions (Zn and Pb). The geo-accumulation index (I geo) and contamination factor (C f) were applied to determine and classify the magnitude of heavy metal pollution in this urban river sediment...
May 8, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458229/deposition-behavior-risk-assessment-and-source-identification-of-heavy-metals-in-reservoir-sediments-of-northeast-china
#5
Lin Zhu, Jianwei Liu, Shiguo Xu, Zaigang Xie
Sediment cores from five reservoirs, located in the Liaoning and Jilin Provinces in Northeast China, were collected to investigate the accumulation and potential toxicity of heavy metals (Fe, Mn, Cu, Cd, Pb, Zn, and Cr) during a sampling campaign in February, 2015. The results showed that all the detected metals accumulated significantly, especially Cd, compared to their respective background values. Among these reservoirs, Biliuhe Reservoir had markedly increasing trends for organic matter and all the metals, among which Mn was elevated by 280% to 3411mg/kg in a core of only 18cm in depth...
April 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448918/erosion-of-the-alberta-badlands-produces-highly-variable-and-elevated-heavy-metal-concentrations-in-the-red-deer-river-alberta
#6
Jason G Kerr, Colin A Cooke
Erosion is important in the transport of heavy metals from terrestrial to fluvial environments. In this study, we investigated riverine heavy metal (Cd, Cu, Hg and Pb) dynamics in the Red Deer River (RDR) watershed at sites upstream (n=2) and downstream (n=7) of the Alberta badlands, an area of naturally high erosion. At sites draining the badlands, total water column Cd, Cu, Hg and Pb concentrations frequently exceeded guidelines for the protection of freshwater biota. Furthermore, peak concentrations of total Cd (9...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434667/sedimentary-heavy-metal-loid-contamination-in-the-veracruz-shelf-gulf-of-mexico-a-baseline-survey-from-a-rapidly-developing-tropical-coast
#7
Omar Celis-Hernandez, Leticia Rosales-Hoz, Andrew B Cundy, Arturo Carranza-Edwards
This study examines sediment texture, geochemistry and sediment accumulation in cores from four sites in the Veracruz shelf area of the Gulf of Mexico, to assess the inputs of heavy metal(loid)s (and their potential biological impacts) in this carbonate-dominated shelf system, and to examine the rate of sedimentation near to the mouths of the La Antigua and Jamapa Rivers. The use of different pollution indices showed enrichment with Pb in all cores studied, although based on sediment quality guidelines As was the only element that has potential to occasionally cause damage to the benthic organisms present in the area...
April 20, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434666/heavy-metal-distribution-and-contamination-status-in-the-sedimentary-environment-of-cochin-estuary
#8
P M Salas, C H Sujatha, C S Ratheesh Kumar, Eldhose Cheriyan
Heavy metals (Fe, Mn, Cr, Zn, Ni, Pb, Cu, Co and Cd) in the surface sediments of Cochin estuary, Southwest coast of India were analyzed to understand the spatio-temporal variation and contamination status via six sampling campaigns. Pollution indices like enrichment factor, geoaccumulation index and pollution load index inferred that the sediments of the northern arm of the estuary exhibited severe trace metal accumulation. Numerical sediment quality guidelines were applied to assess adverse biological effects of the trace metals, suggesting that occasional biological effect may occur due to Cr, Cu, Ni and Pb...
April 20, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385512/toxic-heavy-metals-in-commercially-important-food-fishes-collected-from-palk-bay-southeastern-india
#9
Abimannan Arulkumar, Sadayan Paramasivam, Rajendran Rajaram
Toxic heavy metals are an important group of emerging chemical contaminants in seafood. Heavy metal concentrations in commercially important and most commonly eaten 10 fish species from Thondi fish landing, southeast coast of India, were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. The concentrations of heavy metals significantly varied within and between the investigated fish species (P<0.05). The results of this study showed best significant correlations among the toxic heavy metals in the fish samples...
April 3, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365020/distributions-and-contamination-assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-the-surface-sediments-of-western-laizhou-bay-implications-for-the-sources-and-influencing-factors
#10
Pan Zhang, Rijun Hu, Longhai Zhu, Peng Wang, Dongxiao Yin, Lianjie Zhang
Heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Cr, Cd and As) contents in surface sediments from western Laizhou Bay were analysed to evaluate the spatial distribution pattern and their contamination level. As was mainly concentrated in the coastal area near the estuaries and the other metals were mainly concentrated in the central part of the study area. The heavy metals were present at unpolluted levels overall evaluated by the sediment quality guidelines and geoaccumulation index. Principal component analysis suggest that Cu, Pb and Cd were mainly sourced from natural processes and As was mainly derived from anthropogenic inputs...
March 29, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334267/resistomap-online-visualization-of-human-gut-microbiota-antibiotic-resistome
#11
Konstantin S Yarygin, Boris A Kovarsky, Tatyana S Bibikova, Damir S Melnikov, Alexander V Tyakht, Dmitry G Alexeev
Summary: We created ResistoMap - a Web-based interactive visualization of the presence of genetic determinants conferring resistance to antibiotics, biocides and heavy metals in human gut microbiota. ResistoMap displays the data on more than 1500 published gut metagenomes of world populations including both healthy subjects and patients. Multiparameter display filters allow visual assessment of the associations between the meta-data and proportions of resistome. The geographic map navigation layer allows to state hypotheses regarding the global trends of antibiotic resistance and correlate the gut resistome variations with the national clinical guidelines on antibiotics application...
March 14, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318961/spent-lead-acid-battery-recycling-in-china-a-review-and-sustainable-analyses-on-mass-flow-of-lead
#12
REVIEW
Zhi Sun, Hongbin Cao, Xihua Zhang, Xiao Lin, Wenwen Zheng, Guoqing Cao, Yong Sun, Yi Zhang
Lead is classified to be one of the top heavy metal pollutants in China. The corresponding environmental issues especially during the management of spent lead-acid battery have already caused significant public awareness and concern. This research gives a brief overview on the recycling situation based on an investigation of the lead industry in China and also the development of technologies for spent lead-acid batteries. The main principles and research focuses of different technologies including pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy and greener technologies are summarized and compared...
March 15, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314151/cadmium-lead-and-arsenic-contamination-in-paddy-soils-of-a-mining-area-and-their-exposure-effects-on-human-hepg2-and-keratinocyte-cell-lines
#13
Shengguo Xue, Lizheng Shi, Chuan Wu, Hui Wu, Yanyan Qin, Weisong Pan, William Hartley, Mengqian Cui
A mining district in south China shows significant metal(loid) contamination in paddy fields. In the soils, average Pb, Cd and As concentrations were 460.1, 11.7 and 35.1mgkg(-1) respectively, which were higher than the environmental quality standard for agricultural soils in China (GB15618-1995) and UK Clea Soil Guideline Value. The average contents of Pb, Cd and As in rice were 5.24, 1.1 and 0.7mgkg(-1) respectively, which were about 25, 4.5 or 2.5 times greater than the limit values of the maximum safe contaminant concentration standard in food of China (GB 2762-2012), and about 25, 10 or 1 times greater than the limit values of FAO/WHO standard...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288606/monitoring-heavy-metals-residual-agricultural-chemicals-and-sulfites-in-traditional-herbal-decoctions
#14
In-Sil Yu, Jeong-Sook Lee, Sung-Dan Kim, Yun-Hee Kim, Hae-Won Park, Hoe-Jin Ryu, Jib-Ho Lee, Jeong-Mi Lee, Kweon Jung, Cheol Na, Jin-Yong Joung, Chang-Gue Son
BACKGROUND: Asian traditional herbal preparations are frequently considered for the contamination with undeclared toxic or hazardous substances. The aim of this study was to determine the toxic heavy metals, pesticides and sulfur dioxide in decoctions that is a common form of final utilization in Korea. METHODS: A total of 155 decoctions composed of multi-ingredient traditional herbs were randomly sampled from Seoul in Korea between 2013 and 2014. For each decoction, the concentrations of four heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury), 33 pesticides and sulfur dioxide were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), mercury analyzer, gas chromatography/nitrogen phosphorous detector (GC/NPD), gas chromatography/micro electron capture detector (GC/μECD), and Monier-Williams method respectively...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283225/effects-of-chlorine-on-the-volatilization-of-heavy-metals-during-the-co-combustion-of-sewage-sludge
#15
Shengrong Yu, Bin Zhang, Jiangxiong Wei, Tongsheng Zhang, Qijun Yu, Wensheng Zhang
To clarify the volatilization of heavy metals (Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in sewage sludge during co-combustion in cement kiln, effects of addition and types of four chlorides and temperature on the volatilization of heavy metals in raw meal with 25wt.% sewage sludge were investigated. The results showed that the volatilization of Cu, Ni, and Pb increased significantly with increase of chlorides addition, while no obvious change in the volatilization of Zn was observed. The effectiveness of chlorides on the volatilization of heavy metals depended on their release capacity of chlorine radicals and the chlorine combined capacity of heavy metals...
March 7, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280790/environmental-assessment-of-al-hammar-marsh-southern-iraq
#16
Hind Fadhil Abdullah Al-Gburi, Balsam Salim Al-Tawash, Hadi Salim Al-Lafta
AIM: (a) To determine the spatial distributions and levels of major and minor elements, as well as heavy metals, in water, sediment, and biota (plant and fish) in Al-Hammar Marsh, southern Iraq, and ultimately to supply more comprehensive information for policy-makers to manage the contaminants input into the marsh so that their concentrations do not reach toxic levels. (b) to characterize the seasonal changes in the marsh surface water quality. (c) to address the potential environmental risk of these elements by comparison with the historical levels and global quality guidelines (i...
February 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245949/atmospheric-size-resolved-trace-elements-in-a-city-affected-by-non-ferrous-metal-smelting-indications-of-respiratory-deposition-and-health-risk
#17
Yan Lyu, Kai Zhang, Fahe Chai, Tiantao Cheng, Qing Yang, Zilong Zheng, Xiang Li
This study examines size-resolved heavy metal data for particles sampled near an urban site affected by non-ferrous metal smelting in China with a focus on how particle sizes impact regional respiratory deposition behavior. Particles with aerodynamic diameters between 0.43 and 9 μm were collected during winter haze episodes from December 2011 to January 2012. The results showed that concentrations of individual trace elements ranged from ∼10(-2)-∼10(4) ng/m(3). Mass size distributions exhibit that Cu, Zn, As, Se, Ag, Cd, TI, and Pb have unimodal peak in fine particles range (<2...
February 25, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239441/quality-and-labeling-information-of-moringa-oleifera-products-marketed-for-hiv-infected-people-in-zimbabwe
#18
Tsitsi Grace Monera-Penduka, Zvinji Tella Jani, Charles Chiedza Maponga, Josephine Mudzengi, Gene D Morse, Charles Fungai Brian Nhachi
Labeling information and quality of marketed Moringa oleifera products were assessed. Personnel in 60 pharmacies and 11 herbal shops were interviewed about the sources, dosages, indications and counseling information of Moringa oleifera products. Content analysis of written information provided on Moringa oleifera products was also done. Three samples of Moringa from popular sources were acquired to determine heavy metal content and microbial contamination. The results were compared to specified limits in the European and Chinese pharmacopeia, World Health Organization guidelines and Bureau of Indian Standards...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238330/assessment-of-heavy-metal-contamination-in-sediments-along-the-coast-of-south-korea-using-cs-normalized-background-concentrations
#19
Yunho Song, Man Sik Choi
To assess metal contamination in sediments along the entire coastline of South Korea, we estimated the regional background concentrations of metals and assessed the degree of contamination. Major and heavy metal concentrations, grain sizes, and sedimentation rates were analyzed. Regional background concentrations were established by identifying uncontaminated sediments in the cores, using first-order linear regression of background concentration against Cs concentration. The metal contamination of surface sediments was assessed using Korean sediment quality guidelines and a modified geo-accumulation index (Igeo(⁎))...
February 18, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107716/occurrence-speciation-and-transportation-of-heavy-metals-in-9-coastal-rivers-from-watershed-of-laizhou-bay-china
#20
Li Xu, Tieyu Wang, Jihua Wang, Anxiang Lu
The occurrence, speciation and transport of heavy metals in 9 coastal rivers from watershed of Laizhou Bay were investigated. The largest dissolved concentrations of Cd, Cu and Zn in water were 6.26, 2755.00, 2076.00 μg/L, respectively, much higher than several drinking water guidelines. The greatest concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cr, Ni, Pb and Cd in sediments were 1462, 1602, 196, 67.2, 63.5 and 1.41 mg/kg, dw, respectively. Correlation and principal component analysis was also conducted to determine the extent between the concentrations of metals in water and sediment, as well as relevant parameters...
April 2017: Chemosphere
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