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Children Attachment Theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195013/betrayal-trauma-in-youth-and-negative-communication-during-a-stressful-task
#1
Vanessa M Jacoby, Elisa Krackow, Joseph R Scotti
Attachment-based theories and related research illustrate that emotion regulation develops in the context of a secure relationship between a child and caregiver. When a secure bond is broken, such as in the context of betrayal trauma, children fail to develop necessary emotion regulation skills which can lead to an array of relational problems. The current study examined the relations between betrayal trauma history, type of communication during a stressful interpersonal laboratory task, and emotion regulation difficulties in a sample of trauma-exposed adolescents...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171802/links-between-early-baseline-cortisol-attachment-classification-and-problem-behaviors-a-test-of-differential-susceptibility-versus-diathesis-stress
#2
Michelle C Fong, Jeffrey Measelle, Elisabeth Conradt, Jennifer C Ablow
The purpose of the current study was to predict concurrent levels of problem behaviors from young children's baseline cortisol and attachment classification, a proxy for the quality of caregiving experienced. In a sample of 58 children living at or below the federal poverty threshold, children's baseline cortisol levels, attachment classification, and problem behaviors were assessed at 17 months of age. We hypothesized that an interaction between baseline cortisol and attachment classification would predict problem behaviors above and beyond any main effects of baseline cortisol and attachment...
February 4, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167310/change-trajectories-of-aggressive-behavior-among-children-in-long-term-residential-care
#3
Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Rami Benbenishty, Ilan Roziner
This study examined change trajectories of aggressive behaviors among children in long-term residential care in Israel and identified various child-, family-, and placement-related predictors of the change trajectories. Records of 799 children (average age at the beginning of the four years=10.4, 33.1% female) in their first four consecutive years in care were analyzed using the TRF aggressive behavior subscale (Achenbach, 1991) to measure the outcome variable. Children's and parents' characteristics and placement-related factors were used to explain variance in change trajectories...
February 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135807/special-population-child-and-adolescent-psychotherapy
#4
George Halasz
OBJECTIVES: First, to outline the paradigm change of the past 20 years that has transformed the theory and practice of child and adolescent psychodynamic psychotherapy; second, to update aspects of the current Practice Parameters for Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children to align with the paradigm change driven by the principles of regulation theory, relational trauma and repair, and the critical need for clinicians' self-care in trauma informed psychotherapy. CONCLUSION: The emerging neuroscience-driven paradigm of psychotherapy poses challenges for the child and adolescent psychotherapist: to embrace the new conceptual reference points as organising principles leads to an urgent need to rethink traditional diagnostic formulations and time-honoured techniques for intervention...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058729/role-of-the-attachment-style-in-determining-the-association-between-headache-features-and-psychological-symptoms-in-migraine-children-and-adolescents-an-analytical-observational-case-control-study
#5
Samuela Tarantino, Cristiana De Ranieri, Cecilia Dionisi, Valentina Gagliardi, Maria Francesca Paniccia, Alessandro Capuano, Roberto Frusciante, Martina Balestri, Federico Vigevano, Simonetta Gentile, Massimiliano Valeriani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the role of attachment style on headache severity and psychological symptoms in migraineurs children/adolescents. Moreover, we investigated the association between attachment style, migraine severity, and psychological symptoms. BACKGROUND: Attachment theory suggests that early interpersonal relationships may be important determinants of psychopathology and pain management. In particular, individuals with insecure attachment styles have been shown to experience more pain than people with secure attachment style...
February 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004961/rethinking-the-transmission-gap-what-behavioral-genetics-and-evolutionary-psychology-mean-for-attachment-theory-a-comment-on-verhage-et-al-2016
#6
Nicole Barbaro, Brian B Boutwell, J C Barnes, Todd K Shackelford
Traditional attachment theory posits that attachment in infancy and early childhood is the result of intergenerational transmission of attachment from parents to offspring. Verhage et al. (2016) present meta-analytic evidence addressing the intergenerational transmission of attachment between caregivers and young children. In this commentary, we argue that their appraisal of the behavioral genetics literature is incomplete. The suggested research focus on shared environmental effects may dissuade the pursuit of profitable avenues of research and may hinder progress in attachment theory...
January 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803683/the-attachment-doll-play-assessment-predictive-validity-with-concurrent-mother-child-interaction-and-maternal-caregiving-representations
#7
Carol George, Judith Solomon
Attachment is central to the development of children's regulatory processes. It has been associated with developmental and psychiatric health across the life span, especially emotional and behavioral regulation of negative affect when stressed (Schore, 2001; Schore and Schore, 2008). Assessment of attachment patterns provides a critical frame for understanding emerging developmental competencies and formulating treatment and intervention. Play-based attachment assessments provide access to representational models of attachment, which are regarded in attachment theory as the central organizing mechanisms associated with stability or change (Bowlby, 1969/1982; Bretherton and Munholland, 2008)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792141/attachment-and-chronic-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Theresa J Donnelly, Tiina Jaaniste
Although attachment theory is not new, its theoretical implications for the pediatric chronic pain context have not been thoroughly considered, and the empirical implications and potential clinical applications are worth exploring. The attachment framework broadly focuses on interactions between a child's developing self-regulatory systems and their caregiver's responses. These interactions are believed to create a template for how individuals will relate to others in the future, and may help account for normative and pathological patterns of emotions and behavior throughout life...
October 25, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739132/psychometric-properties-and-normative-values-of-early-maladaptive-schema-questionnaires-set-for-children-and-adolescents-sqs
#9
Olcay Güner
: The Early Maladaptive Schema Questionnaires Set for Children and Adolescents (SQS) was developed to assess early maladaptive schemas in children between the ages of 10 and 16 in Turkey. The SQS consists of five questionnaires that represent five schema domains in Young's schema theory. Psychometric properties (n = 983) and normative values (n = 2250) of SQS were investigated in children and adolescents between the ages of 10 and 16. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729003/attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up-an-evidence-based-intervention-for-vulnerable-infants-and-their-families
#10
Mary Dozier, Caroline K P Roben, E B Caron, Julie Hoye, Kristin Bernard
In this paper, we highlight issues we consider key to the development of an evidence-based intervention for the parents of young children who had experienced early adversity. The intervention was initially developed for foster infants, but adapted for infants living with their neglecting parents, then for young children adopted internationally, and finally for toddlers in foster care or living with neglecting birth parents. The intervention and its adaptations share a focus on the importance of providing nurturance to children when they are distressed, and following children's lead when they are not distressed...
October 11, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710826/-a-stressful-and-frightening-experience-children-s-nurses-perceived-readiness-to-care-for-children-with-cancer-following-pre-registration-nurse-education-a-qualitative-study
#11
Elizabeth Jestico, Teresa Finlay
BACKGROUND: In the UK children with cancer are cared for by children's nurses in a variety of settings, specialist and non-specialist. Whilst post-registration specialist education is available to some nurses, many nurses rely solely on pre-registration education to competently care for these children. This study explores whether nurses perceive that this adequately prepares them. OBJECTIVES: To explore the extent to which qualified nurses perceive that pre-registration nurse education prepares them to care for children with cancer; to consider the implications for children's nursing pre-registration curricula...
January 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625612/attachment-theory-and-maternal-drug-addiction-the-contribution-to-parenting-interventions
#12
REVIEW
Micol Parolin, Alessandra Simonelli
Children's emotional and relational development can be negatively influenced by maternal substance abuse, particularly through a dysfunctional caregiving environment. Attachment Theory offers a privileged framework to analyze how drug addiction can affect the quality of adult attachment style, parenting attitudes and behaviors toward the child, and how it can have a detrimental effect on the co-construction of the attachment bond by the mother and the infant. Several studies, as a matter of fact, have identified a prevalence of insecure patterns among drug-abusing mothers and their children...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623125/-interpersonal-therapy-ipt-in-child-psychiatry-and-adolescent
#13
B Lavigne, E Audebert-Mérilhou, G Buisson, F Kochman, J P Clément, B Olliac
INTRODUCTION: Depression disorder may become the first cause of morbidity by 2030, according to the World Health Organization. It is actually one of the main causes of disease and handicap in children aged from 10 to 19. The major risk is suicide, whose prevalence is estimated, in France, around 6.7 for 100,000, which is probably underestimated. At present, the discussions about prescription of antidepressants in an adolescent's depression remain intense which is why psychotherapy becomes the first choice of treatment...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576548/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-can-attachment-theory-contribute-to-its-efficacy
#14
Guy Bosmans
Meta-analyses consistently demonstrate that cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) provides effective evidence-based treatment for children and adolescents with emotional and behaviour problems. Also consistent across meta-analyses is the observation that CBT treatment effects are often medium in size. This observation has instigated a search for factors that could help explain the limited treatment effects and that could be focused upon to enhance CBT treatment outcomes. The current qualitative review focuses on the parent-child attachment relationship as one factor that could be relevant to enhance CBT treatment effects...
August 30, 2016: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498091/maternal-emotional-availability-and-its-association-with-maternal-psychopathology-attachment-style-insecurity-and-theory-of-mind
#15
Maria Licata, Anna-Lena Zietlow, Birgit Träuble, Beate Sodian, Corinna Reck
BACKGROUND/AIMS: High maternal emotional availability (EA) positively affects various domains of child development. However, the question of which factors promote or hinder maternal EA has not been investigated systematically. The present study investigated several maternal characteristics, namely maternal psychopathology, maternal attachment style insecurity, and theory of mind (ToM) as possible factors that influence maternal EA. METHODS: The sample was comprised of 56 mothers and their preschool-aged children...
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460461/-that-was-the-last-time-i-saw-my-house-the-importance-of-place-attachment-among-children-and-youth-in-disaster-contexts
#16
REVIEW
Leila Scannell, Robin S Cox, Sarah Fletcher, Cheryl Heykoop
Place attachment is important for children and youth's disaster preparedness, experiences, recovery, and resilience, but most of the literature on place and disasters has focused on adults. Drawing on the community disaster risk reduction, recovery, and resilience literature as well as the literature on normative place attachment, children and youth's place-relevant disaster experiences are examined. Prior to a disaster, place attachments are postulated to enhance children and youth's disaster preparedness contributions and reinforce their pre-disaster resilience...
September 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346554/exploring-the-causal-effect-of-interpretation-bias-on-attachment-expectations
#17
Simon De Winter, Guy Bosmans, Elske Salemink
Attachment theory implies that children's inclination to interpret attachment figures behavior as supportive and available causally influences children's trust in their attachment figure's availability. An experiment was conducted to test whether training children (8-12 years old) to interpret ambiguous interactions with their mothers in a more secure way increases their trust in their mother's availability. Participants (N = 49) were randomly assigned to either a secure condition to train children to interpret their mother's behavior as supportive or a neutral placebo condition, where interpretations were unrelated to maternal support...
January 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333431/anxiety-and-attachment-to-the-mother-in-preschoolers-receiving-psychiatric-care-the-father-child-activation-relationship-as-a-protective-factor
#18
Sébastien Gaumon, Daniel Paquette, Chantal Cyr, Mutsuko Émond-Nakamura, Martin St-André
This 49-family study is the first to explore the father-child relationship in a clinical population of preschoolers (at a tertiary care child psychiatry clinic) and to examine its relation to child anxiety and attachment to the mother. A moderation model of the father-child activation relationship on the relation between attachment to the mother and child anxiety was tested and discussed. Analyses confirmed the expected independence between mother-child attachment and father-child activation as well as the association between mother-child attachment and anxiety...
July 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303279/neural-processing-of-familiar-and-unfamiliar-children-s-faces-effects-of-experienced-love-withdrawal-but-no-effects-of-neutral-and-threatening-priming
#19
Esther Heckendorf, Renske Huffmeijer, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H van IJzendoorn
In the face of a potential threat to his or her child, a parent's caregiving system becomes activated, motivating the parent to protect and care for the child. However, the neural correlates of these responses are not yet well understood. The current study was a pilot study to investigate the processing of subliminally presented threatening primes and their effects on neural responses to familiar and unfamiliar children's faces. In addition, we studied potential moderating effects of empathy and childhood experiences of love-withdrawal...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289591/beyond-dsm-5-and-iq-scores-integrating-the-four-pillars-to-forensic-evaluations
#20
Sergio V Delgado, Drew H Barzman
The current adult and child forensic psychiatrist is well trained, familiar, and comfortable with the use of the semi-structured Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, APA 2013 (DSM-5) [In APA, 2003] interview style. The author's assertion is not that this method is invalid or unreliable; rather, that it can be complemented by integrating elements of the defendant's four pillar assessment. Assessing the four pillars expands on the information provided by a semi-structured DSM-5-style interview in psychiatry...
June 11, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
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