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Sophia M Schermerhorn, Paul J Auchincloss, Kyle Kraft, Kenneth J Nelson, Jeremy C Pamplin
Review the management of a patient with acute patella fracture supported by telemedical consultation. Clinical Context: Regionally Aligned Forces (RAF) supporting US Army Africa/Southern European Task Force (USARAF/ SETAF) in Africa Command area of responsibility. Care was provided by a Role I facility on the compound. Organic Expertise: Three 68W combat medics; one Special Operations Combat Medic (SOCM). Closest Medical Support: Organic battalion physician assistant (PA) located in the United States; USARAF PA located in a European country; French Role II located in nearby West African country; telemedical consults via e-mail, phone, or videoteleconsultation...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Fredric N Busch, Elizabeth L Auchincloss
Psychoanalysts have generally avoided discussion of psychoeducational interventions in the context of psychodynamic psychotherapy, despite education being a component of many psychoanalytic techniques. This wariness stems from Freud's early concerns about interventions that could be deemed "suggestion," and a misunderstanding of various aspects of neutrality, including viewing psychoeducational comments as over-gratifying or siding with the ego. Although potential pitfalls exist, the authors review clinical evidence and research that indicate the value of psychoeducational approaches for engaging patients in psychodynamic psychotherapy, considering alternative treatments, providing a psychodynamic formulation, and enhancing the therapeutic alliance...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Richard Benjamin, Milford McArthur, Fiona Judd, Stephane Auchincloss, Tarun Bastiampillai, Stephen Allison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Meng Cheng, Cuizhi Geng, Tiantian Tang, Zhenchuan Song
RATIONALE: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the breast is a rare entity comprising specific morphological and immunohistochemical features, and has been previously only reported in 33 cases. PATIENT CONCERNS: Four cases of MEC of the breast are reported in this study. All patients were women with ages ranging from 39 to 66 years. The lesions consisted of neoplastic solid nests and cystic spaces sometimes filled with mucoid material. DIAGNOSES: At high power, the tumors were composed of various proportions of basaloid, intermediate, epidermoid, and mucinous cells in different cases...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Stéphanie Thibault-Gagnon, Cindy Auchincloss, Ryan Graham, Linda McLean
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between pelvic floor muscle (PFM) electromyographic (EMG) activation and urogenital landmark motion measured using 2D transperineal ultrasound (US) imaging. METHODS: Eight healthy, nulliparous women performed maximum voluntary PFM contractions while EMG and transperineal US images were acquired simultaneously. Changes in the levator plate length (LPL), bladder neck (BN) position and urethral position were determined by visual inspection...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Kari A B Moore, Amy H Auchincloss, Mahasin S Mujahid, Carmella August, Brisa N Sanchez, Ana V Diez Roux
Longitudinal associations between neighborhood characteristics and body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)2) were assessed from 2000 to 2011 among 5,919 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. The perceived availability of healthy food and walking environment were assessed via surveys, and 1-mile (1.6-km) densities of supermarkets, fruit-and-vegetable stores, and recreational facilities were obtained through a commercial database. Econometric fixed-effects models were used to estimate the association between within-person changes in neighborhood characteristics and within-person change in BMI...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
David M Kern, Amy H Auchincloss, Mark F Stehr, Ana V Diez Roux, Kari A Moore, Genevieve P Kanter, Lucy F Robinson
This study examined the association between the price of healthier food relative to unhealthy food and type 2 diabetes prevalence, incidence and insulin resistance (IR). Data came from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis exam 5 administered 2010-2012 (exam 4, five years prior, was used only for diabetes incidence) and supermarket food/beverage prices derived from Information Resources Inc. For each individual, average price of a selection of healthier foods, unhealthy foods and their ratio was computed for supermarkets within 3miles of the person's residential address...
January 2018: Preventive Medicine
Stephanie L Mayne, Amy H Auchincloss, Mark F Stehr, David M Kern, Ana Navas-Acien, Joel D Kaufman, Yvonne L Michael, Ana V Diez Roux
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined associations of geographically proximal cigarette prices with within-person changes in smoking outcomes or assessed interactions between cigarette prices and smoking bans. METHODS: We linked neighborhood cigarette prices (inflation-adjusted) at chain supermarkets and drug stores and bar/restaurant smoking ban policies to cohort participants (632 smokers from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, 2001-2012, baseline mean age 58 years) using geocoded retailer and participant addresses...
November 2017: Epidemiology
David M Kern, Amy H Auchincloss, Lucy F Robinson, Mark F Stehr, Genevieve Pham-Kanter
This paper evaluates variation in food prices within and between neighborhoods to improve our understanding of access to healthy foods in urbanized areas and potential economic incentives and barriers to consuming a higher-quality diet. Prices of a selection of healthier foods (dairy, fruit juice, and frozen vegetables) and unhealthy foods (soda, sweets, and salty snacks) were obtained from 1953 supermarkets across the USA during 2009-2012 and were linked to census block group socio-demographics. Analyses evaluated associations between neighborhood SES and proportion Black/Hispanic and the prices of healthier and unhealthy foods, and the relative price of healthier foods compared with unhealthy foods (healthy-to-unhealthy price ratio)...
August 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Chantal Hulo, Patrick Masson, Ariane Toussaint, David Osumi-Sutherland, Edouard de Castro, Andrea H Auchincloss, Sylvain Poux, Lydie Bougueleret, Ioannis Xenarios, Philippe Le Mercier
Bacterial viruses, also called bacteriophages, display a great genetic diversity and utilize unique processes for infecting and reproducing within a host cell. All these processes were investigated and indexed in the ViralZone knowledge base. To facilitate standardizing data, a simple ontology of viral life-cycle terms was developed to provide a common vocabulary for annotating data sets. New terminology was developed to address unique viral replication cycle processes, and existing terminology was modified and adapted...
May 23, 2017: Viruses
Xu Wang, Amy H Auchincloss, Sharrelle Barber, Stephanie L Mayne, Michael E Griswold, Mario Sims, Ana V Diez Roux
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the impact of neighborhood social environment on changes in smoking and alcohol use over time among African Americans. METHOD: Jackson Heart Study participants were recruited from the Jackson, MS metropolitan area from 2000 to 2004. Neighborhood social environment was characterized using census-based neighborhood socio-economic status (NSES) and survey-derived perceptions of neighborhood social cohesion, disorder, and violence...
May 2017: Health & Place
Lance S Ballester, Amy H Auchincloss, Lucy F Robinson, Stephanie L Mayne
In the USA, little is known about local variation in retail cigarette prices; price variation explained by taxes, bans, and area-level socio-demographics, and whether taxes and hospitality bans have synergistic effects on smoking prevalence. Cigarette prices 2001-2011 from chain supermarkets and drug stores (n = 2973) were linked to state taxes (n = 41), state and county bar/restaurant smoking bans, and census block group socio-demographics. Hierarchical models explored effects of taxes and bans on retail cigarette prices as well as county smoking prevalence (daily, non-daily)...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Chantal Hulo, Patrick Masson, Edouard de Castro, Andrea H Auchincloss, Rebecca Foulger, Sylvain Poux, Jane Lomax, Lydie Bougueleret, Ioannis Xenarios, Philippe Le Mercier
Viruses are genetically diverse, infect a wide range of tissues and host cells and follow unique processes for replicating themselves. All these processes were investigated and indexed in ViralZone knowledge base. To facilitate standardizing data, a simple ontology of viral life-cycle terms was developed to provide a common vocabulary for annotating data sets. New terminology was developed to address unique viral replication cycle processes, and existing terminology was modified and adapted. The virus life-cycle is classically described by schematic pictures...
2017: PloS One
Borisas Bursteinas, Ramona Britto, Benoit Bely, Andrea Auchincloss, Catherine Rivoire, Nicole Redaschi, Claire O'Donovan, Maria Jesus Martin
Advances in high-throughput sequencing have led to an unprecedented growth in genome sequences being submitted to biological databases. In particular, the sequencing of large numbers of nearly identical bacterial genomes during infection outbreaks and for other large-scale studies has resulted in a high level of redundancy in nucleotide databases and consequently in the UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB). Redundancy negatively impacts on database searches by causing slower searches, an increase in statistical bias and cumbersome result analysis...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
Stephanie L Mayne, Amy H Auchincloss, Kari A Moore, Yvonne L Michael, Loni Philip Tabb, Sandra E Echeverria, Ana V Diez Roux
BACKGROUND: Social features of neighbourhood environments may influence smoking by creating a stressful environment or by buffering stress through social cohesion. However, the association of the overall neighbourhood social environment (NSE) with smoking, and the association of specific neighbourhood social factors with change in smoking behaviour over time, has rarely been examined. METHODS: This study included 5856 adults aged 45-84 years from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (2000-2012, average follow-up: 7...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Paulina Kaiser, Amy H Auchincloss, Kari Moore, Brisa N Sánchez, Veronica Berrocal, Norrina Allen, Ana V Diez Roux
We investigated the relationships between neighborhood socio-demographic characteristics (socioeconomic status [SES], percentage of Black residents, and percentage of Hispanic residents) and survey-based measures of the social environment (social cohesion, safety) and the physical environment (healthy food environment, walking environment) in six sites from 2000 through 2011. Neighborhood environments were patterned by area SES and racial/ethnic composition, such that higher SES and lower percentage minority neighborhoods had better physical and social environments...
November 2016: Health & Place
Geoffrey P Whitfield, Arthur M Wendel, Amy H Auchincloss
We conducted an ecological study to determine whether parking prices are associated with active commuting across US cities. We obtained parking prices for 107 US cities from the Drexel University Central Business District Public Parking Survey, obtained city prevalence of walking and bicycling to work from the American Community Survey, and used weighted least squares linear regression to explore associations between parking prices and active commuting. After adjusting for several covariates, walking to work was 3...
September 8, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Saxby Pridmore, Stephane Auchincloss, Jamshid Ahmadi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to better understand the triggers of suicide, particularly among the ancient Greek and Persian soldiers and commanders. METHOD: 'Herodotus:TheHistories' is a history of the rulers and soldiery who participated in the Greco-Persian wars (492-449 BCE). A new translation (2013) of this manuscript was studied. Accounts of suicide were collected and collated, with descriptions of circumstances, methods, and probable triggers. RESULTS: Nine accounts of suicide were identified...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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