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Obesity and hypertension in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342363/war-during-childhood-the-long-run-effects-of-warfare-on-health
#1
Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel
This paper estimates the causal long-term consequences of an exposure to war in utero and during childhood on the risk of obesity and the probability of having a chronic health condition in adulthood. Using the plausibly exogenous city-by-cohort variation in the intensity of WWII destruction as a unique quasi-experiment, I find that individuals who were exposed to WWII destruction during the prenatal and early postnatal periods have higher BMIs and are more likely to be obese as adults. I also find an elevated incidence of chronic health conditions such as stroke, hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disorder in adulthood among these wartime children...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338750/association-of-maternal-plasma-folate-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-pregnancy-with-elevated-blood-pressure-of-offspring-in-childhood
#2
Hongjian Wang, Noel T Mueller, Jianping Li, Ninglin Sun, Yong Huo, Fazheng Ren, Xiaobin Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood elevated blood pressure (BP) has increased in the United States, particularly among African Americans. The influence of maternal plasma folate levels, alone or in combination with maternal cardiometabolic risk factors (hypertensive disorders, diabetes, and prepregnancy obesity), on child systolic BP (SBP) has not been examined in a prospective birth cohort. We hypothesize that adequate maternal folate levels can reduce the risk of elevated SBP in children born to mothers with cardiometabolic risk factors...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300070/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-overweight-status-of-their-children
#3
S Zhang, L Wang, J Leng, H Liu, W Li, T Zhang, N Li, W Li, H Tian, A A Baccarelli, L Hou, G Hu
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) as a group of medical complications in pregnancy are believed to be associated with an increased risk of poor fetal growth, but the influence on offspring's body composition is not clear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between maternal HDP and overweight status in the offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A cross-sectional study among 1263 GDM mother-child pairs was performed in Tianjin, China. General linear models and logistic regression models were used to assess the associations of maternal hypertension in pregnancy with anthropometry and overweight status in the offspring from birth to 1-5 years old...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277024/structural-social-support-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-hispanic-latino-adults-with-diabetes-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#4
Rosalba Hernandez, Mercedes Carnethon, Aida L Giachello, Frank J Penedo, Donghong Wu, Orit Birnbaum-Weitzman, Rebeca Espinoza Giacinto, Linda C Gallo, Carmen R Isasi, Neil Schneiderman, Yanping Teng, Donglin Zeng, Martha L Daviglus
OBJECTIVE(S): Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have yielded inconsistent findings on the associations of social support networks with cardiovascular health in Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes. We examined the cross-sectional associations of structural social support and traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a diverse sample of Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This analysis included 2994 adult participants ages 18-74 with diabetes from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL - 2008-2011)...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274012/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-risk-factors-among-school-going-adolescents-of-patna-india
#5
Pragya Kumar, Dhananjay Kumar, Alok Ranjan, Chandra Mani Singh, Sanjay Pandey, Neeraj Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension (HT) has its origin in childhood and adolescent period but it goes undetected due to absence of sign and symptoms, unless specifically looked for during this period. It has been seen that one with raised blood pressure level in this period will also have raised Blood Pressure (BP) level in their adulthood and elderly period. AIM: The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of HT and its risk factor among apparently healthy school going adolescents of Patna district...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272108/looking-for-new-diagnostic-tools-and-biomarkers-of-hypertension-in-obese-pediatric-patients
#6
Wojciech Strojny, Dorota Drozdz, Kamil Fijorek, Michał Korostynski, Marcin Piechota, Walentyna Balwierz, Jacek A Pietrzyk, Przemko Kwinta, Maciej Siedlar, Szymon Skoczen
INTRODUCTION: Development of obesity in childhood may be linked to an increased risk of hypertension. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed (a) to analyze the expression of genes associated with blood pressure (BP) in obese children, (b) to evaluate ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) as a diagnostic tool in hypertension in children, and (c) to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in children with obesity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Office BP measurements and ABPM were performed in 49 children with obesity and 25 age-matched healthy children...
March 7, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263168/red-blood-cell-components-time-to-revisit-the-sources-of-variability
#7
REVIEW
Rosemary L Sparrow
Quality and safety of red blood cell (RBC) components is managed by screening of donors and strict regulatory controls of blood collection, processing and storage procedures. Despite these efforts, variations in RBC component quality exist as exemplified by the wide range in storage-induced haemolysis. This article provides a brief overview of the variables that contribute or potentially contribute to the quality of stored RBC components, including blood collection, processing, and donor-related variables. Particular focus is made on donor health and lifestyle factors that are not specifically screened and may impact on the physicobiochemical properties of RBCs and their storability...
March 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242179/anthropometric-profile-of-hong-kong-children-and-adolescents-the-wellness-population-of-youth-study
#8
Regina L T Lee, Paul H Lee, Daniel M Y Sze, Wai Tong Chien
Childhood obesity has been a public health concern increasingly. We investigated the age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI), blood pressure level, and other obesity measures in Hong Kong children and adolescents. We used the data from Wellness Population of Youth Study, a health examination for anthropometric measurements among children and adolescents (aged 9-15 years) in Hong Kong, conducted in Oct 2012-Jun 2013 (n = 4410). Anthropometric measures including weight, height, pulse, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, triceps and scapula skinfold thickness, and waist circumference were measured following universal standard protocol...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240683/blood-pressure-profiles-of-children-and-adolescents-categorized-by-waist-to-height-ratio-cutoffs-study-in-a-large-sample-in-shandong-china
#9
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Zhao-Xia Wang, Zun-Hua Chu, Jin-Shan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) is proposed as a simple and effective screening tool for abdominal obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The present study examined the profiles of blood pressure (BP) among children and adolescents categorized by WHtR cutoffs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 28 074 (14 015 boys and 14 059 girls) students aged 7-17 years participated in the study. Height, waist circumference and BP of all patients were measured, and WHtR was calculated...
February 24, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238543/comparison-of-auscultatory-and-oscillometric-bp-readings-in-children-with-obesity-and-the-effect-on-diagnosing-arterial-hypertension
#10
Salvador Fonseca-Reyes, Enrique Romero-Velarde, Edith Torres-Gudiño, Daniel Illescas-Zarate, Avril M Forsyth-MacQuarrie
OBJECTIVE: The level of agreement between two blood pressure (BP) reading methods, auscultatory vs oscillometric, was examined using a mercury sphygmomanometer and an electronic device in children and adolescents with different levels of obesity. The readings were compared to see their impact on the diagnosis of pre-hypertension/hypertension. METHODS: Blood pressure readings were taken in children with obesity (body mass index ≥ 95th percentile) and severe obesity (≥120% 95th percentile)...
February 23, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223816/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents-living-in-mthatha-south-africa
#11
Morongwe Annah Sekokotla, Nandu Goswami, Constance Rufaro Sewani-Rusike, Jehu Erapu Iputo, Benedicta Ngwenchi Nkeh-Chungag
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), defined as the clustering of three of five risk factors (hypertension, obesity, triglyceridemia, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia), is being increasingly mentioned among children and adolescents despite there being no consensus on how it should be defined in this set of population. Furthermore, very few studies have focused on MetS in children and adolescents in sub-Saharan populations. This study, therefore, aimed at determining the prevalence of the MetS and contributing risk in adolescents living in Mthatha, South Africa...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211992/thirty-day-outcomes-for-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-at-a-free-standing-children-s-hospital
#12
A L Speer, J Parekh, F G Qureshi, E P Nadler
The obesity epidemic continues to affect millions of children and adolescents. Non-surgical options do not result in significant or sustained weight loss; thus bariatric surgery has become increasingly utilized. Limited data exist regarding safety for paediatric bariatric surgery, especially outside of National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded centres. We hypothesized that the perioperative outcomes of paediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) at our free-standing children's hospital would provide adequate safety profiles...
April 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186098/postnatal-height-and-adiposity-gain-childhood-blood-pressure-and-prehypertension-risk-in-an-asian-birth-cohort
#13
I M Aris, J Y Bernard, L-W Chen, M T Tint, W Y Lim, S E Soh, S-M Saw, L P-C Shek, K M Godfrey, P D Gluckman, Y-S Chong, F Yap, M S Kramer, Y S Lee
OBJECTIVE: There have been hypotheses that early life adiposity gain may influence blood pressure (BP) later in life. We examined associations between timing of height, body mass index (BMI) and adiposity gains in early life with BP at 48 months in an Asian pregnancy-birth cohort. METHODS: In 719 children, velocities for height, BMI and abdominal circumference (AC) were calculated at five intervals [0-3, 3-12, 12-24, 24-36 and 36-48 months]. Triceps (TS) and subscapular skinfold (SS) velocities were calculated between 0-18, 18-36 and 36-48 months...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174626/maternal-undernutrition-and-excessive-body-weight-and-risk-of-birth-and-health-outcomes
#14
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Md Mizanur Rahman, Asma Ahmad Shariff, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing in low- and middle-income countries, while underweight remains a significant health problems. However, the association between double burden of nutrition and risk of adverse birth and health outcomes is still unclear in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of maternal undernutrition and excessive body weight on a range of maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 and 2014 data sets to cover the maternal, child and non-communicable diseases related health outcomes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163257/the-relation-of-glycaemic-variability-with-inflammatory-markers-in-obese-children-with-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-syndrome
#15
Abdurrahman Kaya, Cemil Koçyiğit, Gönül Çatlı, Elif Büşra Özkan, Bumin Nuri Dündar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between glycaemic variability and inflammatory parameters in obese children with insulin resistance and to elucidate their effects on the development of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Fifty obese adolescents with insulin resistance were included in the study. All patients underwent anthropometric measurements, body fat analysis and continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) for 24 hours. Serum lipids, adiponectin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were measured...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141860/prevalence-of-high-blood-pressure-and-association-with-obesity-in-spanish-schoolchildren-aged-4-6-years-old
#16
Noelia Martín-Espinosa, Ana Díez-Fernández, Mairena Sánchez-López, Irene Rivero-Merino, Lidia Lucas-De La Cruz, Montserrat Solera-Martínez, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of high blood pressure in children is increasing worldwide, largely, but not entirely, driven by the concurrent childhood obesity epidemic. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in 4-to-6-year-old Spanish schoolchildren, and to evaluate the association between different blood pressure (BP) components with different adiposity indicators. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including a sample of 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111611/primary-care-pediatricians-interest-in-diagnostic-error-reduction
#17
Michael L Rinke, Hardeep Singh, Sarah Ruberman, Jason Adelman, Steven J Choi, Heather O'Donnell, Ruth E K Stein, Tammy M Brady, Moonseong Heo, Christoph U Lehmann, Steven Kairys, Elizabeth Rice-Conboy, Keri Theissen, David G Bundy
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic errors causing harm in children are understudied, resulting in a knowledge gap regarding pediatricians' interest in reducing their incidence. METHODS: Electronic survey of general pediatricians focusing on diagnostic error incidence, errors they were interested in trying to improve, and errors reduced by their electronic health record (EHR). RESULTS: Of 300 contacted pediatricians, 77 (26%) responded, 58 (19%) served ambulatory patients, and 48 (16%) completed the entire questionnaire...
June 2016: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111263/an-update-on-the-assessment-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-growing-medical-emergency-in-paediatric-populations
#18
REVIEW
Chiara Mameli, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Carla Carnovale, Erica Galli, Pilar Nannini, Davide Cervia, Cristiana Perrotta
In the last decades the increasing rate of obesity in children and adolescents worldwide has led to the onset in paediatric age of metabolic syndrome, a disease commonly associated to adulthood. Central obesity, dyslipidaemia, hyperglycaemia, and hypertension are typical features of metabolic syndrome that seem to hesitate often in type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and many other clinical conditions. Thus preventing and curing metabolic syndrome in paediatric patients is becoming an urgent need for public health...
January 19, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099129/the-association-between-obesity-hypertension-and-left-ventricular-mass-in-adolescents
#19
Saime Ergen Dibeklioglu, Berna Şaylan Çevik, Banu Acar, Zeynep Birsin Özçakar, Nermin Uncu, Nazlı Kara, Şemsa Çaycı, Nilgün Çakar
BACKGROUND: Obesity and hypertension (HT) are well known cardiac risk factors. Our goal was to show that even if arterial blood pressure (BP) measurements of obese adolescents are normal during clinical examination, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can be high, may include cardiac involvement and can also detect left ventricular mass indices (LVMI) value for obese adolescents to diagnose left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: This study included 130 children (57 obese hypertensive, 36 obese normotensive, 14 normal weight hypertensive and 23 normal weight normotensive)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097834/high-blood-pressure-in-school-children-and-adolescents-in-argentina-over-the-past-25-years-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#20
Alejandro Díaz, Luciana Calandra
INTRODUCTION: Over the past years, hypertension has been recognized as an important health problem in the pediatric population. A systematic review of observational studies published between 1988 and 2014 was conducted to estimate the prevalence of high blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents in Argentina. POPULATION AND METHODS: A bibliographic search was done in MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS to look for studies on high blood pressure prevalence in school children and adolescents in Argentina...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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