keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity and hypertension in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785076/role-of-osteoprotegerin-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-ligand-axis-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#1
REVIEW
Lucia Pacifico, Gian Marco Andreoli, Miriam D'Avanzo, Delia De Mitri, Pasquale Pierimarchi
Concomitantly with the increase in the prevalences of overweight/obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has worldwide become the main cause of chronic liver disease in both adults and children. Patients with fatty liver display features of metabolic syndrome (MetS), like insulin resistance (IR), glucose intolerance, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Recently, epidemiological studies have linked obesity, MetS, and NAFLD to decreased bone mineral density and osteoporosis, highlighting an intricate interplay among bone, adipose tissue, and liver...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774210/hypertension-in-children-role-of-obesity-simple-carbohydrates-and-uric-acid
#2
REVIEW
Antonina Orlando, Emanuela Cazzaniga, Marco Giussani, Paola Palestini, Simonetta Genovesi
Over the past 60 years there has been a dramatic increase in the prevalence of overweight in children and adolescents, ranging from 4% in 1975 to 18% in 2016. Recent estimates indicate that overweight or obese children and adolescents are more than 340 million. Obesity is often associated with hypertension, which is an important cardiovascular risk factor. Recent studies show that the presence of hypertension is a frequent finding in the pediatric age. Hypertensive children easily become hypertensive adults...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770124/does-family-history-of-obesity-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-diseases-influence-onset-and-severity-of-childhood-obesity
#3
Domenico Corica, Tommaso Aversa, Mariella Valenzise, Maria Francesca Messina, Angela Alibrandi, Filippo De Luca, Malgorzata Wasniewska
Objectives: The objectives were to evaluate (1) the metabolic profile and cardiometabolic risk in overweight/obese children at first assessment, stratifying patients according to severity of overweight and age; and (2) to investigate the relationship between family history (FH) for obesity and cardiometabolic diseases and severity of childhood obesity. Methods: In this cross-sectional, retrospective, observational study, 260 children (139 female), aged between 2...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766272/blood-pressure-is-normal-but-is-the-heart
#4
Serkan Fazlı Çelik, Cemşit Karakurt, Yılmaz Tabel, Taner Elmas, Saim Yoloğlu
BACKGROUND: There is no detailed strain analysis of cardiac functions in treated hypertensive pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardio-protective effects of different drug classes in treated pediatric hypertensive patients. METHODS: Sixty non-obese-treated hypertensive patients with preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function and 45 age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched healthy subjects underwent clinical evaluation, including 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, standard echocardiographic examination, tissue Doppler imaging, and two-dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750655/metabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescent-girls-with-type-1-diabetes
#5
Cíntia Castro-Correia, Rita Santos-Silva, Marta Pinheiro, Carla Costa, Manuel Fontoura
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pediatric metabolic syndrome (MS) has progressively increased. The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has also increased. Thus, some children and adolescents with T1DM exhibit MS parameters. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of MS parameters in female adolescents with T1DM based on their nutritional status. METHODS: We evaluated 44 adolescents with T1DM (consecutive non-randomized sample) aged between 14 and 18 years, who were on intensive therapy with insulin...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748152/obesity-and-hypertension-in-children-a-worldwide-problem
#6
Sofia Ferreira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748149/infant-juvenile-type-2-diabetes
#7
M L Calero Bernal, J M Varela Aguilar
In recent years, we have witnessed an increase in the number of cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) in children and adolescents, which has paralleled the increase in the worldwide prevalence of obesity. Although screening the general population does not appear to be cost-effective, special attention should be paid to children with excess weight, obesity or other factors that predispose them to a state of insulin resistance. When faced with the diagnosis of childhood DM2, the presence of comorbidities (such as hypertension, dyslipidemia and microalbuminuria) should be assessed, and appropriate treatment and follow-up should be administered to prevent the onset of complications, given that the DM2 in this population group will last longer than that started in adulthood...
May 7, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718268/health-conditions-functional-status-and-health-care-utilization-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Robert J Fortuna, Ashley Holub, Margaret A Turk, Jon Meccarello, Philip W Davidson
Aim: Health conditions in children with cerebral palsy (CP) are well described, yet health is less defined with advancing age. We examined health conditions, functional status and health care utilization in adults with CP across age groups. Methods: We collected cross-sectional data on health conditions, functional status and utilization from the medical records of adults with CP across a large university-affiliated primary care network using the Rochester Health Status Survey IV (RHSS-IV), a 58-item validated survey...
April 27, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717377/a-systematic-review-of-sleep-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
REVIEW
Aaron D Fobian, Lindsey Elliott, Tinnie Louie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many of the risk factors for heart disease have recently been shown to develop during childhood such as left ventricular hypertrophy and fibrous plaque lesions. As risk for cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents has risen, sleep duration has decreased, and inadequate sleep in children and adolescents has been found to be associated with cardiovascular disease risk. The aims of this manuscript are to provide an updated systematic review of the literature assessing sleep, hypertension, and cardiovascular risk and evaluate the strength of the evidence based on the available research...
May 1, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716573/health-related-quality-of-life-in-paediatric-arterial-hypertension-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Tadej Petek, Tjaša Hertiš, Nataša Marčun Varda
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of paediatric hypertension is increasing worldwide, especially due to the childhood obesity epidemic, and is an important public-health concern. While the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) was already shown to be impaired in the adult hypertensive population, a scarcity of data still exists on HRQoL in paediatric hypertensive patients. Our purpose was thus to assess the HRQoL of children and adolescents with arterial hypertension, using self- and proxy-reports, and to determine the correlations between child and parent questionnaire scores...
May 1, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710187/prevalence-and-severity-of-high-blood-pressure-among-children-based-on-the-2017-american-academy-of-pediatrics-guidelines
#11
Atul K Sharma, Daniel L Metzger, Celia J Rodd
Importance: Based on the new 2017 blood pressure guidelines, the prevalence of high blood pressure (BP) among adults has increased from 32% to 46%. Based on new norms and diagnostic thresholds that better align with adult definitions, new clinical practice guidelines were also published for children. The American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines for the management of elevated BP in children replace the 2004 fourth report from the National, Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute...
April 23, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701769/fetal-origins-of-impaired-muscle-growth-and-metabolic-dysfunction-lessons-from-the-heat-stressed-pregnant-ewe
#12
D T Yates, J L Petersen, T B Schmidt, C N Cadaret, T B Barnes, R J Posont, K A Beede
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is the second leading cause of perinatal mortality and predisposes offspring to metabolic disorders at all stages of life. Muscle-centric fetal adaptations reduce growth and yield metabolic parsimony, beneficial for IUGR fetal survival but detrimental to metabolic health after birth. Epidemiological studies have reported that IUGR-born children experience greater prevalence of insulin resistance and obesity, which progresses to diabetes, hypertension, and other metabolic disorders in adulthood that reduce quality of life...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699915/dyslipidemia-is-associated-with-pediatric-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#13
Shima Dowla, Stella Aslibekyan, Amy Goss, Kevin Fontaine, Ambika P Ashraf
BACKGROUND: With the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as the most common cause of pediatric chronic liver disorder. Factors underlying the pathophysiology of NAFLD remain poorly defined. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the metabolic characteristics of children with NAFLD differing in race/ethnicity and to test associations between dyslipidemia and NAFLD. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at a tertiary referral university hospital among 309 children with a diagnosis of NAFLD...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691131/-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-treated-for-congentital-heart-disease
#14
Francesca Perin, Carmen Carreras Blesa, Maria Del Mar Rodríguez Vázquez Del Rey, Inmaculada Cobo, José Maldonado
INTRODUCTION: The negative impact of overweight and obesity is potentially greater in children affected by a congenital heart disease (CHD). The aim of this study is to calculate the proportion of overweight and obesity in children who underwent an intervention for CHD, and to investigate systolic arterial hypertension as a possible early cardiovascular complication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients aged 6 to 17 years treated for CHD, and healthy control subjects, followed-up in a Paediatric Cardiology Clinic...
April 21, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686379/maternal-early-pregnancy-obesity-and-related-pregnancy-and-pre-pregnancy-disorders-associations-with-child-developmental-milestones-in-the-prospective-predo-study
#15
Polina Girchenko, Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Jari Lahti, Katri Savolainen, Kati Heinonen, Riikka Pyhälä, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Pia M Villa, Eero Kajantie, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Hannele Laivuori, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have linked maternal pre-pregnancy obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 ) with suboptimal neurodevelopment in her offspring; however, the literature is not entirely consistent. Whether these effects are muddled by maternal self-reports of pre-pregnancy weight and height, or are driven or amplified by the well often comorbid hypertensive and diabetic pregnancy and pre-pregnancy disorders, remains unclear. We examined whether maternal early pregnancy obesity is associated with developmental delay in her offspring, and if the associations are driven or amplified by diabetic and hypertensive pregnancy and pre-pregnancy disorders...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680994/effects-of-28-weeks-of-high-intensity-interval-training-during-physical-education-classes-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-chilean-schoolchildren-a-pilot-trial
#16
Pedro Delgado-Floody, Miguel Espinoza-Silva, Felipe García-Pinillos, Pedro Latorre-Román
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of 28 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) during physical education classes on the weight status, cardiorespiratory capacity, and blood pressure of overweight and obese schoolchildren. The participants included 197 schoolchildren (108 girls and 89 boys) aged between 6 and 11 years (8.39 ± 1.15 years) in four groups: experimental group 1 (EG1) = 59 overweight schoolchildren; experimental group 2 (EG2) = 92 obese schoolchildren; control group 1 (CG1) = 17 overweight children; and control group 2 (CG2) = 29 obese schoolchildren...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651318/the-prevalence-of-elevated-blood-pressure-in-a-sample-of-slovene-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#17
Tjaša Hertiš, Tadej Petek, Nataša Marčun Varda
Introduction: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of prehypertensive and elevated blood pressure in the hypertensive range (elevated BP) and obtain some anthropometric measures in Slovene children and adolescents. Methods: In the cross-sectional study lasting one year, we measured BP using mercury sphygmomanometers, as well as height, weight, waist, and hip circumferences in schools. Data from regular check-ups (oscillometric measurements) were also added to increase the sample size...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648569/the-childhood-role-in-development-of-primary-hypertension
#18
Bonita Falkner
Primary hypertension is not just an adult disorder. Current US population data on children and adolescents demonstrate a prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and hypertension combined of over 10%. Recent reports from prospective cohort studies describe an association of high BP in childhood with hypertension in young adulthood. Excess adiposity is strongly associated with higher BP in childhood and increases risk for hypertension in adulthood. In addition to overweight/obesity, other exposures that raise the risk for high BP include low birthweight, dietary sodium, and stress...
April 10, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623017/rising-incidence-of-obesity-in-saudi-residents-a-threatening-challenge-for-the-surgeons
#19
Azzam Al-Kadi, Arshad M Malik, Ali E Mansour
Objective: Obesity is thought to correlate very strongly with individuals general lifestyles. This study was conducted to determine whether lifestyle patterns were potential risk factors for morbid obesity in Saudi residents. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Unaizah City, Qassim Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, over a 1-year period from March 2013 to March 2014. The study included 646 residents from the general public of Unaizah who were selected by convenient sampling at a mall and a public sector university, regardless of age and gender, and were given questionnaires regarding the details of their lifestyle patterns...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619157/glomerular-hyperfiltration-as-predictor-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-children-and-adolescents-the-childhood-and-adolescence-surveillance-and-prevention-of-adult-v-study
#20
Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Farahnak Assadi, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Shirin Djalalinia, Ali Shahsavari, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Gita Shafiee, Azadeh Aminianfar, Sajjad Esmaeili, Tahereh Aminaei, Morteza Mansourian, Ramin Heshmat
Background: The prevalence of glomerular hyperfiltration and chronic kidney disease is increasing worldwide in parallel with obesity hypertension epidemic. The effect of increases in glomerular filtrations (GFR) in children with metabolic syndrome has not been studied. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between GFR and cardiometabolic risk factors in a large sample of pediatric population. Methods: In this nationwide survey, 3800 participants were selected by cluster random sampling from 30 provinces in Iran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
keyword
keyword
85012
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"