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Obesity and hypertension in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147128/the-effect-of-educational-intervention-on-weight-loss-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#1
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad, Zohreh Sadat Navabi, Alireza Ahmadi, Mohsen Askarishahi
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is associated with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular diseases. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) efficiently explains the ability of perceived behavioral control and possibly attitude to enhance the motivations of the obese people to lose weight. Our aim was to investigate the effect of TPB-based education on weight loss in obese and overweight adolescents. METHODS: In an interventional study, simple random sampling was used to select 86 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-18 years in the pediatric clinic at the Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131049/changing-characteristics-of-obese-children-and-adolescents-entering-pediatric-lifestyle-intervention-programs-in-germany-over-the-last-11-years-an-adiposity-patients-registry-multicenter-analysis-of-65-453-children-and-adolescents
#2
Barbara Bohn, Susanna Wiegand, Wieland Kiess, Thomas Reinehr, Rainer Stachow, Johannes Oepen, Helmut Langhof, Thomas Hermann, Kurt Widhalm, Martin Wabitsch, Ines Gellhaus, Reinhard Holl
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether characteristics of children and adolescents who start lifestyle intervention (LI) for obesity in Germany changed over the last decade. METHODS: 65,453 subjects (<21 years) from the APV database (Adiposity Patients Registry) with a BMI ≥ 90th percentile were included (years 2005-2015). Logistic regression models (confounders: age, sex, migration background) were created for overweight, obesity, extreme obesity, and obesity-related comorbidities...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130708/-association-between-birth-weight-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-children-of-bucaramanga-colombia
#3
Edna Magaly Gamboa Delgado, Yully Andrea Rangel-Díaz, Yareni Yunuen Gutiérrez-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Birth weight could be a medium-term risk factor in the development of overweight and obesity and a long-term risk factor of cardio-metabolic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between birth weight and cardio-metabolic risk factors in children from Bucaramanga, Colombia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,282 children between five and eleven years of age in Bucaramanga. Dependent variables: arterial hypertension, arterial prehypertension, overweight/obesity, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117866/ambulatory-systolic-blood-pressure-and-obesity-are-independently-associated-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophic-remodeling-in-children
#4
Linyuan Jing, Christopher D Nevius, Cassi M Friday, Jonathan D Suever, Arichanah Pulenthiran, Abba Mejia-Spiegeler, H Lester Kirchner, William J Cochran, Gregory J Wehner, Aftab S Chishti, Christopher M Haggerty, Brandon K Fornwalt
BACKGROUND: Children with obesity have hypertrophic cardiac remodeling. Hypertension is common in pediatric obesity, and may independently contribute to hypertrophy. We hypothesized that both the degree of obesity and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) would independently associate with measures of hypertrophic cardiac remodeling in children. METHODS: Children, aged 8-17 years, prospectively underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and ABP monitoring. Left ventricular (LV) mass indexed to height(2...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108814/waist-to-height-ratio-and-sedentary-lifestyle-as-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-in-ecuador
#5
F Aguirre P, A Coca, M F Aguirre, G Celis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and the presence of vascular inflammation in apparently-normal children (10-15 years) of both sexes in Guayaquil, Ecuador. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We included 395 apparently-healthy students from a middle-income school in a cross-sectional survey. Informed consent was obtained from students and parents. Anthropometric measurements including blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and blood tests were recorded...
November 3, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106558/anthropometric-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-parents-and-child-obesity-in-segamat-malaysia
#6
Uttara Partap, Elizabeth H Young, Pascale Allotey, Manjinder S Sandhu, Daniel D Reidpath
Background: There is little evidence regarding risk factors for child obesity in Asian populations, including the role of parental anthropometric and cardiometabolic risk factors. We examined the relation between parental risk factors and child obesity in a Malaysian population. Methods: We used data from health and demographic surveillance conducted by the South East Asia Community Observatory in Segamat, Malaysia. Analyses included 9207 individuals (4806 children, 2570 mothers and 1831 fathers)...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101482/modifiable-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-can-early-intervention-prevent-future-cardiovascular-events
#7
REVIEW
Evgenia Gourgari, Dana Dabelea, Kristina Rother
Patients with type 1 diabetes have increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this review is to examine the following: i) current evidence for subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) in children with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) ii) known modifiable risk factors for CVD and their relationship to subclinical CVD in this population iii) studies that have addressed these risk factors in order to improve CVD outcomes in children with T1DM RECENT FINDINGS: Subclinical CVD presents in children as increased carotid intima-media thickness, increased arterial stiffness, and endothelial and myocardial dysfunction...
November 3, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093301/adipokines-are-associated-with-hypertension-in-metabolically-healthy-obese-mho-children-and-adolescents-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Wenqing Ding, Hong Cheng, Fangfang Chen, Yinkun Yan, Meixian Zhang, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Dongqing Hou, Jie Mi
BACKGROUND: The potential mechanism underlying the relationship between the risk of cardiovascular diseases and metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals remains unclear. The aim of the study was to prospectively investigate the potential role of the adipokines in the association between the MHO phenotype and hypertension in children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1184 participants at baseline were recruited from a cohort of the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome (BCAMS) study...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081867/ocular-signs-related-to-overweight-and-arterial-hypertension-in-children-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Daniela S Schuh, Ângela B Piccoli, Raquel L Paiani, Cristiane R Maciel, Lucia C Pellanda, Manuel Ap Vilela
BACKGROUND: The ocular effects of obesity and hypertension need to be established and can be used as prognostic markers. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of ophthalmological alterations in children and adolescents who are overweight and/or have SAH. METHODS: The database for this study included all observational studies (CS, cohort, case-control and "baseline" description of randomized clinical trials) with children and/or adolescents who were overweight, obese or had SAH and that measured ophthalmological alterations...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077514/obesity-in-women-insights-for-the-clinician
#10
Zujaja Tauqeer, Gricelda Gomez, Fatima Cody Stanford
As a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and worldwide, obesity is a disease that is frequently encountered in clinical practice today and requires a range of medical interventions. While obesity affects both men and women across all ages, multiple issues are particularly germane to women's health, particularly as obesity is more prevalent among women than men in the United States and obesity among women of reproductive health relates to the growing issue of childhood obesity. Discussed herein are the epidemiology and pathophysiology of obesity along with the impact of perinatal obesity on fetal programming...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071489/ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-recent-literature-and-new-guidelines
#11
REVIEW
Ian Macumber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This is a review of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) use in pediatrics, focusing on research published in the last 3 to 4 years. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent data has shown that ABPM is more strongly associated with end-organ damage than casual BP, and that obesity and secondary causes of hypertension are strongly associated with nocturnal hypertension. There is evidence that ABPM is useful in management of a larger variety of diagnoses than previously thought...
October 25, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065792/comparison-of-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-and-office-blood-pressure-measurements-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#12
Rahime Renda
BACKGROUND: Obesity in adults has been related to hypertension and abnormal nocturnal dipping of blood pressure, which are associated with poor cardiovascular and renal outcomes. Here, we aimed to resolve the relationship between the degree of obesity, the severity of hypertension and dipping status on ambulatory blood pressure in obese children. METHODS: A total 72 patients with primary obesity aged 7 to 18 years (mean: 13.48 ± 3.25) were selected. Patients were divided into three groups based on body mass index (BMİ) Z-score...
October 24, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058030/prevalence-of-coronary-artery-disease-risk-factors-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-with-heart-disease
#13
Adam L Ware, Paul C Young, Cindy Weng, Angela P Presson, L LuAnn Minich, Shaji C Menon
Children with acquired and congenital heart disease (CHD) are increasingly surviving to adulthood. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors in children at known risk for early CAD or with severe CHD. We recruited children (8-19 years) at risk for early CAD-Kawasaki disease (KD, N = 36) and coarctation (69) or severe CHD: > 1 cardiopulmonary bypass surgery (60), single ventricle (15), prosthetic valves (13). Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and fasting lipid data were compared with summaries from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) publications (1999-2012)...
October 23, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054491/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children
#14
Marisete Inês Fraporti, Fernanda Scherer Adami, Michele Dutra Rosolen
INTRODUCTION: Systemic hypertension is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Early diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in childhood can potentially have a significant impact on future adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of diastolic (DBP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) with anthropometric data and area of residence of children in municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 709 children between six and nine years of age...
October 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049309/validation-of-surrogate-markers-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factor-clustering-in-children-and-adolescents-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#15
Ji-Young Seo, Jae Hyun Kim
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children is increasing and identifying the risk factors for MetS during childhood is an important first step to prevent chronic diseases later in life. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and cardiometabolic risk factor (CMRF) clustering among Korean children and adolescents and to validate the associated anthropometric and laboratory surrogate markers. We used data from the 2011-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037830/obesity-and-hypertension-in-children-a-growing-problem
#16
Inês Gomes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993801/obesity-related-hypertension-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Tammy M Brady
Obesity and hypertension have both been on the rise in children. Each is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk and both track into adulthood, increasing the prevalence of heart disease and related morbidity and mortality. All children should be screened for hypertension, but children with comorbid obesity may not only particularly benefit from the screening but may also prove the most challenging to screen. Increased arm circumference and conical arm shape are particularly problematic when attempting to obtain an accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988228/the-relationship-between-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-among-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#18
Oana Belei, Laura Olariu, Andreea Dobrescu, Tamara Marcovici, Otilia Marginean
BACKGROUND: The increasing rate of obesity and overweight among children has highlighted nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as the most common cause of chronic pediatric liver diseases. There are many publications supporting the idea that gut microbiota is altered in NAFLD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of NAFLD among overweight and obese children with and without small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) compared to a control group and to assess if intestinal dysbiosis represents a risk factor for NAFLD...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982248/profiles-of-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents-with-different-body-mass-index-categories-in-shandong-china
#19
Shu-Rong Wang, Yong-Bao Zhu, Yan Cheng, Ying-Xiu Zhang
BACKGROUND: The International Obesity Task Force recently developed an extended body mass index (BMI) cut-offs for screening thinness, overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. The present study examined the profiles of blood pressure (BP) among children and adolescents with different BMI categories in Shandong, China. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained from a large cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren. A total of 44,630 students (22,404 boys and 22,226 girls) aged 7-18 years participated in this study...
October 5, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964537/cardiovascular-comorbidities-of-pediatric-psoriasis-among-hospitalized-children-in-the-united-states
#20
Lauren Kwa, Michael C Kwa, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease in adults. Little is known about cardiovascular risk in pediatric psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between pediatric psoriasis and cardiovascular comorbidities. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2002-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, which included 4,884,448 hospitalized children aged 0-17 years. Bivariate and multivariate survey logistic regression models were created to calculate the odds of psoriasis on cardiovascular comorbidities...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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