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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446036/fusaripeptide-a-new-antifungal-and-anti-malarial-cyclodepsipeptide-from-the-endophytic-fungus-fusarium-sp
#1
Sabrin R M Ibrahim, Hossam M Abdallah, Ehab S Elkhayat, Nawal M Al Musayeib, Hani Z Asfour, Mohamed F Zayed, Gamal A Mohamed
From the culture of the endophytic fungus Fusarium sp. isolated from the roots of Mentha longifolia L. (Labiatae) growing in Saudi Arabia, a new cyclodepsipeptide, namely fusaripeptide A (1), along with three known compounds adenosine (2), 2[(2-hydroxypropionyl)amino]benzamide (3), and cyclopentanol (4), have been isolated. Their structures were determined, using extensive 1D and 2D NMR and HRESI and GC mass spectral data. That is the first report for the isolation of compound 4 from natural source. In addition, compounds 2 and 3 are reported here for the first time from Fusarium sp...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441606/growth-inhibition-and-antibiofilm-potential-of-ag-nanoparticles-coated-with-lectin-an-arthropod-immune-molecule
#2
Sangily Jayanthi, Sathappan Shanthi, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Narayanan Gopi, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
Lectins from the haemolymph of arthropods, including crustaceans, are molecules potentially involved in the immune recognition and phagocytosis. Here, lectin was purified from the haemolymph of blue swimmer crab Portunus pelagicus, using mannose-coupled sepharose CL-4B affinity column chromatography. In SDS-PAGE analysis, lectin showed a molecular mass of approximately 155kDa. The synthesis of lectin-coated silver nanoparticles (lectin-coated AgNPs) was confirmed by UV-Vis spectroscopy, XRD, FTIR, SEM, TEM, SAED, and EDX analysis...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438599/newly-identified-invertebrate-type-lysozyme-splys-i-in-mud-crab-scylla-paramamosain-exhibiting-muramidase-deficient-antimicrobial-activity
#3
Jian Zhou, Shu Zhao, Wen-Hong Fang, Jun-Fang Zhou, Jing-Xiao Zhang, Hongyu Ma, Jiang-Feng Lan, Xin-Cang Li
Lysozymes are widely distributed immune effectors exerting muramidase activity against the peptidoglycan of the bacterial cell wall to trigger cell lysis. However, some invertebrate-type (i-type) lysozymes deficient of muramidase activity still exhibit antimicrobial activity. To date, the mechanism underlying the antimicrobial effect of muramidase-deficient i-type lysozymes remains unclear. Accordingly, this study characterized a novel i-type lysozyme, Splys-i, in the mud crab Scylla paramamosain. Splys-i shared the highest identity with the Litopenaeus vannamei i-type lysozyme (Lvlys-i2, 54% identity) at the amino acid level...
April 21, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429365/a-randomized-clinical-trial-about-presence-of-pathogenic-microflora-and-risk-of-peri-implantitis-comparison-of-two-different-types-of-implant-abutment-connections
#4
F Mencio, F De Angelis, P Papi, D Rosella, G Pompa, S Di Carlo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vivo study was to evaluate two different types of implant-abutment connections: screwed connection and cemented connection, analyzing peri-implant bacteria microflora as well as other clinical parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty implants were selected, inserted in 20 patients, 10 with a screwed implant-abutment connection (Group 1) and 10 with a cemented implant-abutment connection (Group 2). The peri-implant microflora was collected, after at least 360 days from the prosthetic rehabilitation, using paper points inserted in peri-implant sulcus for 30 s...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426852/an-outbreak-of-endogenous-fungal-endophthalmitis-among-intravenous-drug-abusers-in-new-england
#5
Aubrey R Tirpack, Jay S Duker, Caroline R Baumal
Importance: Intravenous drug abuse (IVDA) is a known risk factor for endogenous fungal endophthalmitis (EFE), a severe intraocular infection caused by hematogenous seeding of mycotic organisms to the eye. Reporting significant increases in heroin-related deaths since 2014, the New England region is in the midst of an opioid crisis that has led to a substantial increase in patients at risk for this vision-threatening disease. Objective: To present an update on characteristics, management, and visual outcomes in patients with EFE...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424737/gc-ms-based-metabolite-profiling-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-properties-of-different-solvent-extracts-of-malaysian-plectranthus-amboinicus-leaves
#6
Mallappa Kumara Swamy, Greetha Arumugam, Ravinder Kaur, Ali Ghasemzadeh, Mazina Mohd Yusoff, Uma Rani Sinniah
This study evaluates the phytochemistry, antioxidant, and antimicrobial effects of Plectranthus amboinicus leaves extracted in different solvents. The methanol extract contained the highest total phenolic (94.37 ± 1.24 mg GAE/g) and flavonoid contents (26.90 ± 1.35 mg RE/g) and exhibited the highest DPPH scavenging activity (90.13 ± 3.32%) followed by the acetone extract (80.23 ± 3.26%) at 500 μg/mL concentration. Similarly, the highest ferric ion reduction potential (849.63 ± 30.95 μM of Fe (II)/g dry weight) was exhibited by the methanol extract followed by the acetone extract (695...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424663/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-against-endodontic-enterococcus-faecalis-and-candida-albicans-mono-and-mixed-biofilms-in-the-presence-of-photosensitizers-a-comparative-study-with-classical-endodontic-irrigants
#7
Patrícia Diogo, Chantal Fernandes, Francisco Caramelo, Marta Mota, Isabel M Miranda, M A F Faustino, M G P M S Neves, Marciana P Uliana, Kleber T de Oliveira, João M Santos, Teresa Gonçalves
Endodontic biofilms eradication from the infected root canal system remains as the primary focus in endodontic field. In this study, it was assessed the efficacy of antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy (aPDT) with the Zn(II)chlorin e6 methyl ester (Zn(II)e6Me) activated by red light against monospecies and mixed biofilms of Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. The results were compared with the ones obtained with Rose Bengal (RB), Toluidine Blue-O (TBO), the synthetic tetracationic porphyrin (TMPyP) as well as classical endodontic irrigants (3% NaOCl, 17% EDTA and 2% CHX)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421052/whole-genome-based-amplified-fragment-length-polymorphism-analysis-reveals-genetic-diversity-in-candida-africana
#8
Anuradha Chowdhary, Ferry Hagen, Cheshta Sharma, Abdullah M S Al-Hatmi, Letterio Giuffrè, Domenico Giosa, Shangrong Fan, Hamid Badali, Maria Rosa Felice, Sybren de Hoog, Jacques F Meis, Orazio Romeo
This study aimed at investigating the genetic diversity of a panel of Candida africana strains recovered from vaginal samples in different countries. All fungal strains were heterozygous at the mating-type-like locus and belonged to the genotype A of Candida albicans. Moreover, all examined C. africana strains lack N-acetylglucosamine assimilation and sequence analysis of the HXK1 gene showed a distinctive polymorphism that impair the utilization of this amino sugar in this yeast. Multi-locus sequencing of seven housekeeping genes revealed a substantial genetic homogeneity among the strains, except for the CaMPIb, SYA1 and VPS13 loci which contributed significantly to the classification of our set of C...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420354/therapeutic-potentials-of-crataegus-azarolus-var-eu-azarolus-maire-leaves-and-its-isolated-compounds
#9
Eman Abu-Gharbieh, Naglaa Gamil Shehab
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia is a complicated condition accompanied with high incidence of infection and dyslipidemia. This study aimed to explore the phyto-constituents of Crataegus azarolus var. eu- azarolus Maire leaves, and to evaluate the therapeutic potentials particularly antimicrobial, antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic of the extract and the isolated compound (3β-O-acetyl ursolic acid). METHODS: Total phenolics and flavonoidal contents were measured by RP-HPLC analysis...
April 18, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418650/zinc-ion-coordinated-poly-ionic-liquid-antimicrobial-membranes-for-wound-healing
#10
Qiming Xu, Zhiqiang Zheng, Bin Wang, Hailei Mao, Feng Yan
Herein, a series of quaternary ammonium (Qa) or imidazolium (Im) cation-based poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) membranes and their corresponding zinc ion coordinated PIL membranes were synthesized. The effects of chemical structure, including organic cations, alkyl side chain of substitution, and zinc atoms on the antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans were investigated. The Zn-containing PIL membranes show higher antibacterial activities compared to those of pristine PIL membranes due to the synergistic attributes of both organic cations (Qa or Im) and zinc atoms...
April 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411057/microwave-assisted-microemulsion-technique-for-production-of-miconazole-nitrate-and-econazole-nitrate-loaded-solid-lipid-nanoparticles
#11
Rohan M Shah, Daniel S Eldridge, Enzo A Palombo, Ian H Harding
The microwave-assisted production of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) is a novel technique reported recently by our group. The small particle size, solid nature and use of physiologically well-tolerated lipid materials make SLNs an interesting and potentially efficacious drug carrier. The main purpose of this research work was to investigate the suitability of microwave-assisted microemulsion technique to encapsulate selected ionic drug substances such as miconazole nitrate and econazole nitrate. The microwave-produced SLNs had a small size (250-300 nm), low polydispersity (<0...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409362/the-antibacterial-agent-moxifloxacin-inhibits-virulence-factors-of-candida-albicans-through-multitargeting
#12
Ashwini Jadhav, Bhagyashree Bansode, Datta Phule, Amruta Shelar, Rajendra Patil, Wasudev Gade, Kiran Kharat, Sankunny Mohan Karuppayil
Fluoroquinolines are broad spectrum fourth generation antibiotics. Some of the Fluoroquinolines exhibit antifungal activity. We are reporting the potential mechanism of action of a fluoroquinoline antibiotic, moxifloxacin on the growth, morphogenesis and biofilm formation of the human pathogen Candida albicans. Moxifloxacin was found to be Candidacidal in nature. Moxifloxacin seems to inhibit the yeast to Hyphal morphogenesis by affecting signaling pathways. It arrested the cell cycle of C. albicans at S phase...
May 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403782/synthesis-cytotoxicity-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-new-enmein-type-kauranoid-diterpenoid-derivatives
#13
Dahong Li, Tong Han, Xu Hu, Kangtao Tian, Shengtao Xu, Tingting Zhou, Keguang Cheng, Zhanlin Li, Huiming Hua, Jinyi Xu
Eleven new enmein-type diterpenoid derivatives with different substituents and drug-like properties were designed and synthesized. The antimicrobial activities against E. coli, S. aureus, B. subtilis and M. albicans were disclosed. The results revealed that enmein-type diterpenoids showed more promising activities against tested gram-positive bacteria than gram-negative bacterium and fungus. Compound 9 with R of 2-quinolyl group exhibited the strongest antimicrobial activities with MIC values of 7.81 μg/ml and 0...
April 12, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389898/influence-of-sucrose-on-growth-and-sensitivity-of-candida-albicans-alone-and-in-combination-with-enterococcus-faecalis-and-streptococcus-mutans-to-photodynamic-therapy
#14
Fernanda Malagutti Tomé, Lucas De Paula Ramos, Fernanda Freire, Cristiane Aparecida Pereira, Ingrid Christine Barbosa de Oliveira, Juliana Campos Junqueira, Antonio Olavo Cardoso Jorge, Luciane Dias de Oliveira
This study has evaluated the effects of photodynamic inactivation (PDI) using erythrosine as photosensitizer and green light-emitting diode (LED) on biofilms of Candida albicans alone and in combination with Enterococcus faecalis and Streptococcus mutans. We have also evaluated the effect of sucrose on biofilm formation and bacterial growth and sensitivity to PDI. Biofilms were formed in suspension of 10(6) cells/ml on plates before being grown in broth culture with and without sucrose and incubated for 48 h...
April 7, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388842/polyanionic-antimicrobial-membranes-an-experimental-and-theoretical-study
#15
Jiangna Guo, Qiming Xu, Rongwei Shi, Zhiqiang Zheng, Hailei Mao, Feng Yan
Polycationic polymers have been widely used as antimirobial materials because of their broad spectrum activity and potential use as new antibiotics. Herein, we report the synthesis of polyanionic antimicrobial membranes by in situ photo-cross-linking of a sulfate based anionic monomer and followed by cation-exchange with organic (quaternary ammonium or imidazolium) or metal (Ag +, Cu (2+) , Fe (3+), Zn (2+), Na (+), K (+)) cations. The resultant polyanionic membranes show high and broad spectrum antibacterial activities against both bacteria (Escherichia coli (E...
April 7, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385578/rhaphiodon-echinus-nees-mart-schauer-chemical-toxicological-activity-and-increased-antibiotic-activity-of-antifungal-drug-activity-and-antibacterial
#16
Adrielle Rodrigues Costa, Juliana de Lima Silva, Kátia Regina Rodrigues Lima, Maria Ivaneide Rocha, Luiz Marivando Barros, José Galberto Martins da Costa, Aline Augusti Boligon, Jean Paul Kamdem, Joara Nalyda Pereira Carneiro, Nadghia Figueiredo Leite, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes, Antonia Eliene Duarte, Maria Flaviana Bezerra Morais-Braga, Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho
The association of herbal products with standard antimicrobial drugs has recently gained more attention as a hope to overcome infectious diseases caused by multidrug-resistant microorganisms. Here, we investigated for the first time the antimicrobial (antifungal and antibacterial) activity of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of R. echinus against multiresistant strains of bacteria (E. coli, P. aeruginosa and S. aureus) and fungi (C. albicans, C. krusei and C. tropicalis), as well as potential to enhance the activity of antibiotics drugs...
April 4, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376391/new-glycolipid-biosurfactants-produced-by-the-yeast-strain-wickerhamomyces-anomalus-ccma-0358
#17
Karla S Teixeira Souza, Eduardo J Gudiña, Zélia Azevedo, Victor de Freitas, Rosane F Schwan, Lígia R Rodrigues, Disney R Dias, José A Teixeira
In this work, biosurfactant production by several yeast strains was evaluated using different culture media. The best results were obtained with the strain Wickerhamomyces anomalus CCMA 0358 growing in a culture medium containing glucose (1g/L) and olive oil (20g/L) as carbon sources. This strain produced 2.6g of biosurfactant per liter after 24h of growth. The crude biosurfactant reduced the surface tension of water to values around 31mN/m, and its critical micelle concentration was 0.9mg/mL. This biosurfactant was characterized through mass spectrometry (MS), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) as a mixture of two different glycolipids, comprising a sugar moiety linked to one or three molecules of oleic acid...
March 21, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373148/evaluation-of-the-in-vitro-activity-of-isavuconazole-and-comparator-voriconazole-against-2635-contemporary-clinical-candida-and-aspergillus-isolates
#18
K M T Astvad, R K Hare, M C Arendrup
OBJECTIVE: The in vitro activity of isavuconazole was determined for 1677 Candida and 958 Aspergillus isolates from 2012-2014 with voriconazole as comparator. METHODS: Aspergillus isolates were screened for resistance using azole-agar. Screening positive Aspergillus and all Candida isolates underwent EUCAST broth-microdilution testing. Isolates were categorised as wild-type (wt) or non-wt, adopting EUCAST ECOFFs (where available) or wt upper limits (wtULs; two 2-fold dilutions above the MIC50)...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370502/the-impact-of-real-life-treatment-strategies-for-candida-peritonitis-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
S Dubler, M Laun, C Koch, A Hecker, S Weiterer, B H Siegler, R Röhrig, M A Weigand, C Lichtenstern
Candida species are commonly detected isolates from abdominal foci. The question remains as to who would benefit from early empiric treatment in cases of Candida peritonitis. This study collected real-life data on critically ill patients with Candida peritonitis to estimate the relevance of the chosen treatment strategy on the outcome of these patients. One hundred and thirty-seven surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients with intra-abdominal invasive Candidiasis were included in the study. Fifty-six patients did not get any antifungal agent...
April 3, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363548/in-situ-deposition-of-cu2o-micro-needles-for-biologically-active-textiles-and-their-release-properties
#20
Hossam E Emam, Hanan B Ahmed, Thomas Bechtold
Metal/metal oxide containing fibres are gradually increasing in textile industrialization recently, owing to their high potential for application as antimicrobial textiles. In this study, the reducing properties of cellulose were applied to synthesize cuprous oxide in-situ. The direct formation of Cu2O on viscose fabrics was achieved via quite simple technique in two subsequent steps: alkalization and sorption. Cu contents in fabrics before and after rinsing ranged between 45.2-86.4mmol/kg and 18.1-67.7mmol/kg, respectively...
June 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
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