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Dales RE

José Ansín Agís, Fran Ramil, Dale R Calder
One new genus (Schizoplumularia) and three new species (Schizoplumularia vervoorti, S. geniculata and S. elegans) of plumulariids are recognized and described from large collections of plumularioid hydroids collected in New Caledonia and vicinity during several French expeditions. During taxonomic studies of these hydroids, colonies were compared with type material of Plumularia insignis Allman, 1883 and several other similar species-group taxa. As a result, three of the latter (P. flabellum Allman, 1883, P...
September 19, 2016: Zootaxa
L J Nelson, P K Miller, D Ashman
UNLABELLED: WHAT IS KNOWN ABOUT THE SUBJECT?: This paper describes crisis resolution/home treatment (CRHT) teams, which are part of mental health services in the United Kingdom. CRHT is expected to assist individuals in building resilience and work within a recovery approach. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This paper arises from an interview with one individual, Dale, as part of a larger study exploring service users' experiences of CRHT. It adds to the body of narrative knowledge in CRHT through Dale's co-authorship of this paper, reflecting on his original interview 4 years later, with co-authors providing critical interpretation of his experience, in turn supported by cognate literature...
August 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Sze-Ann Woon, Dale Fisher
BACKGROUND: There is no more challenging a group of pharmaceuticals than antimicrobials. With the antibiotic era came great optimism as countless deaths were prevented from what were previously fatal conditions. Although antimicrobial resistance was quickly identified, the abundance of antibiotics entering the market helped cement attitudes of arrogance as the "battle against pestilence appeared won". Opposite emotions soon followed as many heralded the return of the pre-antibiotic era, suggesting that the "antibiotic pipeline had dried up" and that our existing armament would soon be rendered worthless...
2016: BMC Medicine
Jeremy Dale, Rachel Potter, Katherine Owen, Jonathan Leach
BACKGROUND: The general practice (GP) workforce in England is in crisis, with declining morale and job satisfaction, increasing early retirement and declining interest in training to become a GP. We recently reported on factors that are influencing this, with appraisal and revalidation emerging as an unexpected finding; 28.6 % of GPs stating an intention to leave general practice within the next 5 years included this as 'very important' or 'important' to their decision. In this study we undertook a secondary analysis to identify how the experience of appraisal and revalidation might be influencing intentions to leave general practice...
2016: BMC Family Practice
Hwee Weng Dennis Hey, Hey Hwee Weng Dennis, Tan Chuen Seng, Dale Fisher, Anupama Vasudevan, Liu Ka-Po Gabriel, Joseph Thambiah, Naresh Kumar, Lau Leok Lim, Wong Hee Kit, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, cohort study of 84 patients with deep spine infection managed at a major tertiary hospital over 14 years, with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of instrumentation in spines with deep infection SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: It is often believed that implants should not be inserted in patients with deep spine infection because of the risk of persistent or recurrent infection. However, there are often concerns about spinal stability and a paucity of evidence to guide clinical practice in this field...
June 21, 2016: Spine
Alyssa J Rolfe, Dale B Bosco, Jingying Wang, Richard S Nowakowski, Jianqing Fan, Yi Ren
BACKGROUND: The single-stranded RNA Flavivirus, Zika virus (ZIKV), has recently re-emerged and spread rapidly across the western hemisphere's equatorial countries, primarily through Aedes mosquito transmission. While symptoms in adult infections appear to be self-limiting and mild, severe birth defects, such as microcephaly, have been linked to infection during early pregnancy. Recently, Tang et al. (Cell Stem Cell 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2016.02.016) demonstrated that ZIKV efficiently infects induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) derived human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs), resulting in cell cycle abnormalities and apoptosis...
2016: Cell & Bioscience
Thomas Möller, Frédérique Bard, Anindya Bhattacharya, Knut Biber, Brian Campbell, Elena Dale, Claudia Eder, Li Gan, Gwenn A Garden, Zoë A Hughes, Damien D Pearse, Roland G W Staal, Faten A Sayed, Paul D Wes, Hendrikus W G M Boddeke
Minocycline, a second generation broad-spectrum antibiotic, has been frequently postulated to be a "microglia inhibitor." A considerable number of publications have used minocycline as a tool and concluded, after achieving a pharmacological effect, that the effect must be due to "inhibition" of microglia. It is, however, unclear how this "inhibition" is achieved at the molecular and cellular levels. Here, we weigh the evidence whether minocycline is indeed a bona fide microglia inhibitor and discuss how data generated with minocycline should be interpreted...
October 2016: Glia
Tereza Lanitis, Robert Leipold, Melissa Hamilton, Dale Rublee, Peter Quon, Chantelle Browne, Alexander T Cohen
PURPOSE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of apixaban versus rivaroxaban, low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH)/dabigatran, and LMWH/vitamin K antagonist (VKA) for the initial treatment and prevention of recurrent thromboembolic events in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). METHODS: A Markov model was developed to evaluate the pharmacoeconomic effect of 6 months of treatment with apixaban versus other anticoagulants over a lifetime horizon. Network meta-analyses were conducted using the results of the Apixaban after the Initial Management of Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Vein Thrombosis with First-Line Therapy (AMPLIFY), EINSTEIN-pooled, and RE-COVER I and II trials for the following end points: recurrent VTE, major bleeds, clinically relevant non-major bleeds, and treatment discontinuations...
March 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
Mark Ruzmetov, Dale M Geiss, Jitendra J Shah, Randall S Fortuna, Karl F Welke
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: In patients undergoing the Ross procedure, the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) conduit is inserted in an orthotopic position rather than in the more heterotopic position used in the repair of complex congenital RVOT obstruction. The study aim was to compare the authors' institutional mid-term experience of large-sized homografts (>19 mm) in patients with Ross and non-Ross RVOT reconstructions. METHODS: The outcome was reviewed of all homografts implanted for Ross (n = 72) or non-Ross (n = 64) RVOT reconstruction at a single center between 1993 and 2012...
July 2015: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
Dale R Calder, William S Johnson
The binomen Nemopsis gibbesii McCrady, 1859, originally applied to a species of hydromedusa and its supposed hydroid from South Carolina, USA, has been known for more than a century to encompass two species. The medusa stage is conspecific with that of Nemopsis bachei L. Agassiz, 1849, while the hydroid stage is referable to the genus Margelopsis Hartlaub, 1897. Both that hydroid, and the medusa stage now subjectively linked to it, are commonly assigned to M. gibbesii. With no type having ever been designated for McCrady's species, a lectotype is designated to stabilize nomenclature of the species and serve as the standard for application of the name...
2015: Zootaxa
Fabian Diaz, Kenneth Bondiolli, Dale Paccamonti, Glen T Gentry
Pregnancy rates after cryopreservation of large equine blastocyst stage embryos have remained lower than other domesticated livestock species. It is generally accepted that the embryonic capsule is the primary barrier to cryoprotectant entry into the embryo proper and techniques need to be developed to circumvent this obstacle. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop an efficient Day 8 equine embryo cryopreservation protocol through blastocyst micromanipulation and vitrification. Grade 1 and 2 embryos recovered from mares (n = 15) 8 days after ovulation were used in these experiments...
March 15, 2016: Theriogenology
Dale L Bailey, Thomas M Hennessy, Kathy P Willowson, E Courtney Henry, David L H Chan, Alireza Aslani, Paul J Roach
BACKGROUND: Advances in gamma camera technology and the emergence of a number of new theranostic radiopharmaceutical pairings have re-awakened interest in in vivo quantification with single-photon-emitting radionuclides. We have implemented and validated methodology to provide quantitative imaging of (177)Lu for 2D whole-body planar studies and for 3D tomographic imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT. METHODS: Whole-body planar scans were performed on subjects to whom a known amount of [(177)Lu]-DOTA-octreotate had been administered for therapy...
December 2015: EJNMMI Physics
Megan Dale, Ailish Higgins, Grace Carolan-Rees
In current clinical practice, peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are typically inserted using external anatomical measurements and a confirmatory chest X-ray, or using fluoroscopy. The Sherlock 3CG(®) Tip Confirmation System (TCS) allows magnetic tracking of the PICC tip during insertion and confirmation of the final location using ECG, meaning that most patients will not require a chest X-ray or fluoroscopy. The Sherlock 3CG(®) TCS was evaluated in 2014 by the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) as part of the Medical Technologies Evaluation Programme...
February 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
Nariman Sepehrvand, Yinggan Zheng, Paul W Armstrong, Robert Welsh, Shaun G Goodman, Wayne Tymchak, Fadi Khadour, Michael Chan, Dale Weiss, Justin A Ezekowitz
BACKGROUND: Adjudication by an adjudication committee in clinical trials plays an important role in the assessment of outcomes. Controversy exists regarding the utility of adjudication committee versus site-based assessments and their relationship to subsequent clinical events. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the Providing Rapid Out of Hospital Acute Cardiovascular Treatment-3 trial, which randomized patients with chest pain or shortness of breath for biomarker testing in the ambulance...
April 2016: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
Dale Block
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Physician Leadership Journal
Yeohan Song, Dale Bixby, Diane Roulston, John Magenau, Sung Won Choi
Translocation t(6;9) is a rare cytogenetic abnormality found in fewer than 5% of pediatric and adult cases of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). The outcomes of t(6;9) AML are generally poor, with low five-year overall survival and increased risk for relapse. Furthermore, FLT3-ITD is one of the most common molecular abnormalities found in AML that is associated with increased risk of treatment failure and mortality. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with the best available donor is a standard treatment option for these cases once remission is achieved...
2014: Journal of Leukemia
Alyssa Sara Gilinsky, Hannah Dale, Clare Robinson, Adrienne R Hughes, Rhona McInnes, David Lavallee
This systematic review and meta-analysis reports the efficacy of post-natal physical activity change interventions with content coding of behaviour change techniques (BCTs). Electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsychINFO) were searched for interventions published from January 1980 to July 2013. Inclusion criteria were: (i) interventions including ≥1 BCT designed to change physical activity behaviour, (ii) studies reporting ≥1 physical activity outcome, (iii) interventions commencing later than four weeks after childbirth and (iv) studies including participants who had given birth within the last year...
2015: Health Psychology Review
Hugh S Robinson, John M Goodrich, Dale G Miquelle, Clayton S Miller, Ivan V Seryodkin
Poaching as well as loss of habitat and prey are identified as causes of tiger population declines. Although some studies have examined habitat requirements and prey availability, few studies have quantified cause-specific mortality of tigers. We used cumulative incidence functions (CIFs) to quantify cause-specific mortality rates of tigers, expanding and refining earlier studies to assess the potential impact of a newly emerging disease. To quantify changes in tiger mortality over time, we re-examined data first collected by Goodrich et al...
July 2015: Integrative Zoology
Dale Murdoch, Priyanka Dhillon, Selvanayagam Niranjan
Prinzmetal's variant angina describes chest pain secondary to reversible coronary artery vasospasm in the context of both diseased and non-diseased coronary arteries. Symptoms typically occur when the patient is at rest and are associated with transient ST-segment elevation. Acute episodes respond to glyceryl trinitrate, but myocardial infarction and other potentially fatal complications can occur, and long-term management can be challenging. Although it is not well understood, the underlying mechanism appears to involve a combination of endothelial damage and vasoactive mediators...
May 2015: Singapore Medical Journal
Rhonda Martinussen, Julia Ferrari, Madison Aitken, Dale Willows
This study examined the relations among perceived and actual knowledge of phonemic awareness (PA), exposure to PA instruction during practicum, and self-efficacy for teaching PA in a sample of 54 teacher candidates (TCs) enrolled in a 1-year Bachelor of Education program in a Canadian university. It also assessed the effects of a brief multimedia-enhanced lecture on TCs' actual knowledge of PA and efficacy ratings. Prior to the lecture, teacher candidates' scores on the PA assessment were relatively low with a mean percentage correct of 56...
October 2015: Annals of Dyslexia
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