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Urinary sodium in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909627/recurrence-of-childhood-nephrogenic-adenoma-in-urinary-bladder-developed-four-years-after-previous-surgery-despite-intravesical-sodium-hyaluronate-therapy
#1
Burak Özçift, Ayper Kaçar, Hüseyin Tuğrul Tiryaki
Nephrogenic adenoma (NA) is a rarely seen benign metaplastic lesion of the urinary tract. Its etiology is uncertain, but induced by chronic inflammation, irritation, and trauma. NA is located in the urinary tract, most commonly in the bladder. NA usually presents with hematuria and lower urinary tract symptoms. In the literature it is mostly seen in adults but about 30 cases of NA's have been reported in children. Treatment of intravesical lesions consists of transurethral resection (TUR) and fulguration and rarely partial or total cystectomy may be required in ineffective TUR...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857783/hyponatremia-in-children-with-tuberculous-meningitis-a-hospital-based-cohort-study
#2
Prithi Inamdar, Sanjeevani Masavkar, Preeti Shanbag
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia has long been recognized as a potentially serious metabolic consequence of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) occurring in 35-65% of children with the disease. The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) secretion has for long been believed to be responsible for the majority of cases of hyponatremia in TBM. Cerebral salt wasting syndrome (CSWS) is being increasingly reported as a cause of hyponatremia in some of these children. AIM: This study was done to determine the frequency and causes of hyponatremia in children with TBM...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754193/me-03-2-high-salt-intake-as-a-cause-of-obesity
#3
Graham MacGregor
High salt intake is the major cause of raised blood pressure and accordingly leads to cardiovascular diseases. Recently, it has been shown that high salt intake is associated with an increased risk of obesity through sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. Increasing evidence also suggests a direct link. Our study aimed to determine whether there was a direct association between salt intake and obesity independent of energy intake. We analyzed the data from the rolling cross-sectional study-the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2008/2009 to 2011/2012...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643150/me-03-2-high-salt-intake-as-a-cause-of-obesity
#4
Graham MacGregor
High salt intake is the major cause of raised blood pressure and accordingly leads to cardiovascular diseases. Recently, it has been shown that high salt intake is associated with an increased risk of obesity through sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. Increasing evidence also suggests a direct link. Our study aimed to determine whether there was a direct association between salt intake and obesity independent of energy intake. We analyzed the data from the rolling cross-sectional study-the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2008/2009 to 2011/2012...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590789/the-syndrome-of-inappropriate-secretion-of-anti-diuretic-hormone-siadh-and-brucellosis
#5
Keziban Aslı Bala, Murat Doğan, Sultan Kaba, Sinan Akbayram, Oktay Aslan, Selami Kocaman, Gülsüm İclal Bayhan, Lokman Üstyol, Nihat Demir
BACKGROUND Our study aimed to demonstrate the frequency of the syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion (SIADH) and associated factors during the course of brucellosis in children and adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included children and adolescents aged 0-18 years old diagnosed with brucellosis between 2012 and 2014. The data were collected from patient charts. The diagnosis of brucellosis was made based on titrations >1:160 in standard Wright tube agglutination tests and/or positive culture tests...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542568/an-overview-of-antibacterial-resistance-patterns-of-pediatric-community-acquired-urinary-infections
#6
Capan Konca, Mehmet Tekin, Fatih Uckardes, Sadik Akgun, Habip Almis, Ibrahim Hakan Bucak, Yeliz Genc, Mehmet Turgut
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common infections affecting children. In this study, in order to determine a guide for the empirical antibiotic treatment of community-acquired UTIs, we aimed to investigate the etiology and antimicrobial resistance patterns of uropathogens and to evaluate epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients. METHODS: A total of 158 children with a positive urine culture were included in the study. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by Vitek 2 Compact for twenty eight commonly used antimicrobials...
August 20, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510800/metabolic-disturbances-in-chinese-children-with-urolithiasis-a-single-center-report
#7
Dong Yang, Hans-Göran Tiselius, Chuangxin Lan, Dong Chen, Kang Chen, Lili Ou, Yang Liu, Shaohong Xu, Guohua Zeng, Ming Lei, Wenqi Wu
Urinary stones and urine composition are the first steps in the process of recurrence prevention, but data concerning the association between the two compositions are scarce in Chinese children with urolithiasis. We retrospectively analyzed the records of children (age range 0-18 years) with urolithiasis in our center between March 2004 and December 2013. Stone analysis was carried out in 382 children and 24-hour urine analysis in 80 children. Analysis of both stone and 24-hour urine composition was completed in 56 children...
August 10, 2016: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279009/usefulness-and-pitfalls-in-sodium-intake-estimation-comparison-of-dietary-assessment-and-urinary-excretion-in-chilean-children-and-adults
#8
Carmen Campino, Caroline Hill, Rene Baudrand, Alejandro Martínez-Aguayo, Marlene Aglony, Carmen A Carrasco, Clarita Ferrada, Carolina Loureiro, Andrea Vecchiola, Rodrigo Bancalari, Francisca Grob, Cristian A Carvajal, Carlos F Lagos, Carolina Valdivia, Alejandra Tapia-Castillo, Cristobal A Fuentes, Carolina Mendoza, Hernan Garcia, Ricardo Uauy, Carlos E Fardella
BACKGROUND: High sodium intake has been associated with various noncommunicable disease like hypertension, cardiovascular disease, or stroke. To estimate accurately sodium intake is challenging in clinical practice. We investigate the usefulness and limitations of assessing sodium intake simultaneously by dietary assessment and urinary samples in both children and adults. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional study design inviting 298 Chilean subjects (74 children and 222 adults) aged between 9 and 66 years of both genders...
October 2016: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272162/renal-tubular-function-and-urinary-n-acetyl-%C3%AE-d-glucosaminidase-and-kidney-injury-molecule-1-levels-in-asthmatic-children
#9
Ayşegül Doğan Demir, Nilufer Goknar, Faruk Oktem, Emin Özkaya, Mebrure Yazıcı, Emel Torun, Aysel Vehapoğlu, Mehmet Kucukkoc
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways which results in chronic hypoxia. Chronic hypoxia and inflammation can affect renal tubular function. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate renal tubular function and early kidney injury molecules such as urinary N-acetyl-betaglucosaminidase (NAG) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) excretion in children with asthma. METHODS: Enrolled in the study were 73 children diagnosed with asthma and 65 healthy age- and gender-matched control subjects...
June 7, 2016: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208469/thyroid-antagonists-and-thyroid-indicators-in-u-s-pregnant-women-in-the-vanguard-study-of-the-national-children-s-study
#10
Mary E Mortensen, Rebecca Birch, Lee-Yang Wong, Liza Valentin-Blasini, Elizabeth B Boyle, Kathleen L Caldwell, Lori S Merrill, John Moye, Benjamin C Blount
The sodium iodide-symporter (NIS) mediates uptake of iodide into thyroid follicular cells. This key step in thyroid hormone synthesis is inhibited by perchlorate, thiocyanate (SCN) and nitrate (NO3) anions. When these exposures occur during pregnancy the resulting decreases in thyroid hormones may adversely affect neurodevelopment of the human fetus. Our objectives were to describe and examine the relationship of these anions to the serum thyroid indicators, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4), in third trimester women from the initial Vanguard Study of the National Children's Study (NCS); and to compare urine perchlorate results with those in pregnant women from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES)...
August 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164120/urinary-mineral-concentrations-in-european-pre-adolescent-children-and-their-association-with-calcaneal-bone-quantitative-ultrasound-measurements
#11
Karen Van den Bussche, Diana Herrmann, Stefaan De Henauw, Yiannis A Kourides, Fabio Lauria, Staffan Marild, Dénes Molnár, Luis A Moreno, Toomas Veidebaum, Wolfgang Ahrens, Isabelle Sioen, On Behalf Of The Dedipac Consortium
This study investigates differences and associations between urinary mineral concentrations and calcaneal bone measures assessed by quantitative ultrasonography (QUS) in 4322 children (3.1-11.9 years, 50.6% boys) from seven European countries. Urinary mineral concentrations and calcaneal QUS parameters differed significantly across countries. Clustering revealed a lower stiffness index (SI) in children with low and medium urinary mineral concentrations, and a higher SI in children with high urinary mineral concentrations...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087488/urinary-netrin-1-a-new-biomarker-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-renal-damage-in-obese-children
#12
Duygu Övünç Hacıhamdioğlu, Bülent Hacıhamdioğlu, Demet Altun, Tuba Müftüoğlu, Ferhan Karademir, Selami Süleymanoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Urinary netrin-1 is a new marker to demonstrate early tubular damage. The aim of this study was to determine whether urinary netrin-1 is increased in obese children. METHODS: A total of 68 normoalbuminuric and normotensive obese patients and 65 controls were included in the study. Urine samples were collected for assessment of urinary phosphorus, sodium, potassium, creatinine, albumin, and netrin-1. Blood samples were collected for measurements of fasting glucose, insulin, lipid, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, and creatinine levels...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068495/espen-espghan-ecfs-guidelines-on-nutrition-care-for-infants-children-and-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#13
Dominique Turck, Christian P Braegger, Carla Colombo, Dimitri Declercq, Alison Morton, Ruzha Pancheva, Eddy Robberecht, Martin Stern, Birgitta Strandvik, Sue Wolfe, Stephane M Schneider, Michael Wilschanski
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is both a frequent feature and a comorbidity of cystic fibrosis (CF), with nutritional status strongly associated with pulmonary function and survival. Nutritional management is therefore standard of care in CF patients. ESPEN, ESPGHAN and ECFS recommended guidelines to cover nutritional management of patients with CF. METHODS: The guidelines were developed by an international multidisciplinary working group in accordance with officially accepted standards...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27043620/association-between-parent-and-child-dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intakes-as-assessed-by-24-h-urinary-excretion
#14
Carrie Service, Carley Grimes, Lynn Riddell, Feng He, Karen Campbell, Caryl Nowson
The aim of this study was to assess the association between parent and child sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intake as assessed by 24-h urinary excretion (24hUE). Primary school children and their parent(s) provided one 24-h urine sample and information on cooking and children's discretionary salt use. Valid urine samples were provided by 108 mothers (mean age 41.8 (5.1) (SD) years, Na 120 (45) mmol/day) (7.0 g/day salt equivalent) and 40 fathers (44.4 (4.9) years, Na 152 (49) mmol/day (8.9 g/day salt), and 168 offspring (51...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26958681/bone-mineral-density-in-children-with-idiopathic-hypercalciuria
#15
Iwona Artemiuk, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska, Dominika Adamczuk, Jerzy Przedlacki, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in the lumbar spine in children with idiopathic hypercalciuria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group included 31 children (14 boys, 17 girls) aged 5 to 17 years (mean age 9.8 ± 4.0 years) with idiopathic hypercalciuria. All children remained on normal calcium diet, without vitamin D and citrate supplementation. We evaluated lumbar spine (L1-L4) BMD (L1-L4 BMD) (expressed as Z-score) and blood serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (250HD3), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and intact parathormone (iPTH)...
July 2015: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26946774/pseudo-bartter-s-syndrome-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Gordana Vilotijević-Dautović, Vesna Stojanović
INTRODUCTION: Pseudo-Bartter syndrome (PBS) is characterized by hyponatremic, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis that mimics Bartter syndrome but with no pathology in the renal tubules. We present five patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and PBS. CASES OUTLINE: Four children aged between three and five-and-one-half months with previously diagnosed CF and one aged 17 months with previously undiagnosed disease, were hospitalized during the summer season, with severe dehydration, oliguria, apathy and adynamia...
November 2015: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26841900/elevated-urinary-na-k-ratio-among-lebanese-elementary-school-children-is-attributable-to-low-k-intake
#17
Carla El Mallah, Karina Merhi, Hala Ghattas, Dareen Shatila, Sirine Francis, Sani Hlais, Imad Toufeili, Omar Obeid
PURPOSE: To estimate total sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intake using non-fasting morning urine specimens among Lebanese elementary (6-10 year old) schoolchildren. METHOD: A national cross-sectional study was conducted. A multistage cluster sampling procedure was used to select a representative sample of 1403 healthy children from the eight districts of Lebanon. Age, anthropometric measurements, and urine samples were collected and analyzed for Na, K, and creatinine (Cr)...
February 3, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26814068/-relationship-between-24-hour-urinary-sodium-and-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-in-children-with-postural-tachycardia-syndrome
#18
Jiawei Li, Ying Liao, Junbao Du, Qingyou Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between 24 hours urinary sodium and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) in children with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and to explore low blood volume related pathogenesis of POTS. METHODS: A total of 39 POTS children who were at the clinic or admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from June 2012 to February 2013 and 21 healthy children (control group) were enrolled, level of RAAS in plasma, 24-hour urinary sodium and plasma sodium were detected, respectively...
September 22, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26812288/cerebral-salt-wasting-in-pediatric-critical-care-not-just-a-neurosurgical-disorder-anymore
#19
Orkun Tolunay, Tamer Celik, Umit Celik, Mustafa Kömür, Begul Yagci-Kupeli
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) is a hypovolemic hyponatremia caused by natriuresis and diuresis, of which the exact pathogenesis is unknown. Although CSWS has been more commonly described to be associated with neurosurgical disorders, increasing numbers of patients are diagnosed and new etiological factors are being identified as the awareness of it increases. METHODS: The files of the patients who had been hospitalized and treated with the diagnosis of CSWS at the pediatric critical care unit during the last three years were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2015: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26810972/24-h-urinary-sodium-excretion-is-associated-with-obesity-in-a-cross-sectional-sample-of-australian-schoolchildren
#20
Carley A Grimes, Lynn J Riddell, Karen J Campbell, Feng J He, Caryl A Nowson
Emerging evidence indicates that dietary Na may be linked to obesity; however it is unclear whether this relationship is independent of energy intake (EI). The aim of this study was to assess the association between Na intake and measures of adiposity, including BMI z score, weight category and waist:height ratio (WHtR), in a sample of Australian schoolchildren. This was a cross-sectional study of schoolchildren aged 4-12 years. Na intake was assessed via one 24-h urine collection. BMI was converted to age- and sex-specific z scores, and WHtR was used to define abdominal obesity...
March 28, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
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