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Urinary sodium in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303781/association-of-sodium-intake-with-insulin-resistance-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010
#1
Yong Min Kim, So Hyun Kim, Young Suk Shim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sodium intake and insulin resistance indices. METHODS: A total of 718 Korean children and adolescents (411 boys) aged 10-18 years who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were included in the study. The urinary sodium to urinary creatinine ratio was used as a surrogate for sodium intake. The homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) were used as indices of insulin resistance...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172788/estimation-of-salt-intake-and-sodium-to-potassium-ratios-assessed-by-urinary-excretion-among-japanese-elementary-school-children
#2
Chikako Seko, Yuko Taguchi, Hiroyoshi Segawa, Kiyoko Odani, Wataru Aoi, Sayori Wada, Kaori Kitaoka, Taeko Masumoto, Akane Higashi
Dietary salt intake is largely responsible for the increase in blood pressure with age. It is important to start effective prevention approaches during childhood. In this study, we estimated salt intake and sodium-to-potassium (Na/K) ratios assessed by urinary excretion among elementary school children in Kyoto, Japan. A total of 331 subjects aged 9-11 years participated in school checkups in April 2015. Urinary concentrations of sodium, potassium, and creatinine were measured in first morning urine samples...
November 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114374/prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-children-with-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Fatemeh Ghane Sharbaf, Hamid Farhangi, Farahnak Assadi
Children with cancer treated with cytotoxic drugs are frequently at risk of developing renal dysfunction. The cytotoxic drugs that are widely used for cancer treatment in children are cisplatin (CPL), ifosfamide (IFO), carboplatin, and methotrexate (MTX). Mechanisms of anticancer drug-induced renal disorders are different and include acute kidney injury (AKI), tubulointerstitial disease, vascular damage, hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and intrarenal obstruction. CPL nephrotoxicity is dose-related and is often demonstrated with hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, and impaired renal function with rising serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100793/discrimination-of-culture-negative-pyelonephritis-in-children-with-suspected-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-and-negative-urine-culture-results
#4
Jun Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the C-reactive protein (CRP) level, urine electrolytes, and urine sodium-potassium ratio (uNa/K) could be useful markers for discriminating children with culture negative pyelonephritis (CNP) from children with suspected febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) and negative urine culture results. METHODS: We examined 264 children experiencing their first fUTI consecutively admitted to our hospital between January 2011 and October 2014...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022080/urinary-potassium-to-urinary-potassium-plus-sodium-ratio-can-accurately-identify-hypovolemia-in-nephrotic-syndrome-a-provisional-study
#5
Werner Keenswijk, Mohamad Ikram Ilias, Ann Raes, Raymond Donckerwolcke, Johan Vande Walle
There is evidence pointing to a decrease of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a subgroup of nephrotic children, likely secondary to hypovolemia. The aim of this study is to validate the use of urinary potassium to the sum of potassium plus sodium ratio (UK/UK+UNa) as an indicator of hypovolemia in nephrotic syndrome, enabling detection of those patients who will benefit from albumin infusion. We prospectively studied 44 nephrotic children and compared different parameters to a control group (36 children)...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761448/relationship-of-sodium-intake-with-obesity-among-iranian-children-and-adolescents
#6
Nahid Rafie, Noushin Mohammadifard, Alireza Khosravi, Awat Feizi, Sayyed Morteza Safavi
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests a relationship between sodium (Na) intake and obesity risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the link between 24-hour (24-h) urinary Na excretion and adiposity measures in a sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed among 374 healthy individuals aged 11-18 years old. Random cluster sampling method was used to select the participants from 4 districts in Isfahan, Iran...
January 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566266/the-development-of-a-web-based-program-to-reduce-dietary-salt-intake-in-schoolchildren-study-protocol
#7
Carley Ann Grimes, Alison Booth, Durreajam Khokhar, Madeline West, Claire Margerison, Karen Campbell, Caryl Nowson
BACKGROUND: Salt intake of schoolchildren in the Australian state of Victoria is high. To protect future cardiovascular health, interventions that seek to reduce the amount of salt in children's diets are required. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop and pilot test a Web-based program (Digital Education to Limit Salt Intake in the Home [DELISH]) that aims to reduce dietary salt intake among schoolchildren and to improve child and parent knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to salt intake...
May 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475154/iodine-status-and-iodised-salt-consumption-in-portuguese-school-aged-children-the-iogeneration-study
#8
João Costa Leite, Elisa Keating, Diogo Pestana, Virgínia Cruz Fernandes, Maria Luz Maia, Sónia Norberto, Edgar Pinto, André Moreira-Rosário, Diana Sintra, Bárbara Moreira, Ana Costa, Sofia Silva, Vera Costa, Inês Martins, Francisca Castro Mendes, Pedro Queirós, Bruno Peixoto, José Carlos Caldas, António Guerra, Manuel Fontoura, Sandra Leal, Roxana Moreira, Irene Palmares Carvalho, Rui Matias Lima, Catia Martins, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Agostinho Almeida, Luís Azevedo, Conceição Calhau
The World Health Organization promotes salt iodisation to control iodine deficiency. In Portugal, the use of iodised salt in school canteens has been mandatory since 2013. The present study aimed to evaluate iodine status in school-aged children (6-12 years) and to monitor the use of iodised salt in school canteens. A total of 2018 participants were randomly selected to participate in a cross-sectional survey in northern Portugal. Children's urine and salt samples from households and school canteens were collected...
May 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422036/physicochemical-factors-of-the-urine-of-children-with-hypercalciuria
#9
Mercedes Ubetagoyena-Arrieta, Jorge Martínez Sáenz de Jubera, María Nieves Corera-Casty, Eduardo González Pérez-Yarza, Irati García-Albizua
OBJECTIVE: Hypercalciuria is a common lithogenic risk factor. The aim of this study was, first, to study the characteristics of urine biochemical factors of children with hypercalciuria (HC) and compare them with those of children without hypercalciuria. Second, to analyze the differences between children with HC and lithiasis (HCL) and children with HC and no lithiasis (HCNL). METHODS: The sample was composed by 111 cases with HC, divided into 2 groups: HCNL group, consisting of 93 cases with no personal history of kidney stones, and HCL group, 18 cases with personal history of kidney stones...
April 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303514/euglycemic-ketosis-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-on-sglt2-inhibitor-therapy-an-emerging-problem-and-solutions-offered-by-diabetes-technology
#10
A Pfützner, D Klonoff, L Heinemann, N Ejskjaer, J Pickup
Diabetic ketoacidosis is an infrequent but life-threatening acute complication of diabetes, affecting predominantly patients with type 1 diabetes, children, and pregnant women, where ketosis is usually associated with marked hyperglycemia. Recently, an increasing number of cases have been reported of euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis in patients with type 2 diabetes receiving sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor treatment in routine practice. There is a minor, but not negligible diabetic ketoacidosis risk associated with this drug class, which was not seen in randomized clinical trials...
April 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127859/sodium-and-potassium-urinary-excretion-levels-of-preschool-children-individual-daily-and-seasonal-differences
#11
Kenichiro Yasutake, Mikako Nagafuchi, Ryoji Izu, Tomomi Kajiyama, Katsumi Imai, Yusuke Murata, Kenji Ohe, Munechika Enjoji, Takuya Tsuchihashi
In this study, the authors measured sodium and potassium concentrations in spot urine samples of preschool children on multiple days, and evaluated individual, daily, and seasonal effects. A total of 104 healthy preschool children aged 4 to 5 years were studied. Urine samples were collected from the first urine of the day after waking for three consecutive days (Monday-Wednesday) four times a year (spring, summer, autumn, winter). The authors estimated the daily urine volume as 500 mL and daily creatinine excretion as 300 mg, and used these to calculate daily sodium and potassium excretion levels...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115515/does-extremely-low-birth-weight-predispose-to-low-renin-hypertension
#12
Anke Raaijmakers, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Jolien Claessens, Nicholas Cauwenberghs, Theun Pieter van Tienoven, Fang-Fei Wei, Lotte Jacobs, Elena Levtchenko, Steven Pauwels, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Karel Allegaert, Jan A Staessen
Low birth weight and prematurity are risk factors for hypertension in adulthood. Few studies in preterm or full-term born children reported on plasma renin activity (PRA). We tested the hypothesis that renin might modulate the incidence of hypertension associated with prematurity. We enrolled 93 prematurely born children with birth weight <1000 g and 87 healthy controls born at term, who were all examined at ≈11 years. Renal length and glomerular filtration rate derived from serum cystatin C were 0.28 cm (95% confidence interval, 0...
March 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909627/recurrence-of-childhood-nephrogenic-adenoma-in-urinary-bladder-developed-four-years-after-previous-surgery-despite-intravesical-sodium-hyaluronate-therapy
#13
Burak Özçift, Ayper Kaçar, Hüseyin Tuğrul Tiryaki
Nephrogenic adenoma (NA) is a rarely seen benign metaplastic lesion of the urinary tract. Its etiology is uncertain, but induced by chronic inflammation, irritation, and trauma. NA is located in the urinary tract, most commonly in the bladder. NA usually presents with hematuria and lower urinary tract symptoms. In the literature it is mostly seen in adults but about 30 cases of NA's have been reported in children. Treatment of intravesical lesions consists of transurethral resection (TUR) and fulguration and rarely partial or total cystectomy may be required in ineffective TUR...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857783/hyponatremia-in-children-with-tuberculous-meningitis-a-hospital-based-cohort-study
#14
Prithi Inamdar, Sanjeevani Masavkar, Preeti Shanbag
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia has long been recognized as a potentially serious metabolic consequence of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) occurring in 35-65% of children with the disease. The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) secretion has for long been believed to be responsible for the majority of cases of hyponatremia in TBM. Cerebral salt wasting syndrome (CSWS) is being increasingly reported as a cause of hyponatremia in some of these children. AIM: This study was done to determine the frequency and causes of hyponatremia in children with TBM...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754193/me-03-2-high-salt-intake-as-a-cause-of-obesity
#15
Graham MacGregor
High salt intake is the major cause of raised blood pressure and accordingly leads to cardiovascular diseases. Recently, it has been shown that high salt intake is associated with an increased risk of obesity through sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. Increasing evidence also suggests a direct link. Our study aimed to determine whether there was a direct association between salt intake and obesity independent of energy intake. We analyzed the data from the rolling cross-sectional study-the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2008/2009 to 2011/2012...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643150/me-03-2-high-salt-intake-as-a-cause-of-obesity
#16
Graham MacGregor
High salt intake is the major cause of raised blood pressure and accordingly leads to cardiovascular diseases. Recently, it has been shown that high salt intake is associated with an increased risk of obesity through sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. Increasing evidence also suggests a direct link. Our study aimed to determine whether there was a direct association between salt intake and obesity independent of energy intake. We analyzed the data from the rolling cross-sectional study-the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2008/2009 to 2011/2012...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590789/the-syndrome-of-inappropriate-secretion-of-anti-diuretic-hormone-siadh-and-brucellosis
#17
Keziban Aslı Bala, Murat Doğan, Sultan Kaba, Sinan Akbayram, Oktay Aslan, Selami Kocaman, Gülsüm İclal Bayhan, Lokman Üstyol, Nihat Demir
BACKGROUND Our study aimed to demonstrate the frequency of the syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion (SIADH) and associated factors during the course of brucellosis in children and adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included children and adolescents aged 0-18 years old diagnosed with brucellosis between 2012 and 2014. The data were collected from patient charts. The diagnosis of brucellosis was made based on titrations >1:160 in standard Wright tube agglutination tests and/or positive culture tests...
September 3, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542568/antibacterial-resistance-patterns-of-pediatric-community-acquired-urinary-infection-overview
#18
Capan Konca, Mehmet Tekin, Fatih Uckardes, Sadik Akgun, Habip Almis, Ibrahim Hakan Bucak, Yeliz Genc, Mehmet Turgut
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in children. The aim of this study was therefor to construct a guide for the empirical antibiotic treatment of community-acquired UTI by investigating the etiology and antimicrobial resistance patterns of uropathogens and analyzing the epidemiological and clinical patient characteristics. METHODS: A total of 158 children with positive urine culture were included in the study. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed with Vitek 2 Compact for 28 commonly used antimicrobials...
March 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510800/metabolic-disturbances-in-chinese-children-with-urolithiasis-a-single-center-report
#19
Dong Yang, Hans-Göran Tiselius, Chuangxin Lan, Dong Chen, Kang Chen, Lili Ou, Yang Liu, Shaohong Xu, Guohua Zeng, Ming Lei, Wenqi Wu
Urinary stones and urine composition are the first steps in the process of recurrence prevention, but data concerning the association between the two compositions are scarce in Chinese children with urolithiasis. We retrospectively analyzed the records of children (age range 0-18 years) with urolithiasis in our center between March 2004 and December 2013. Stone analysis was carried out in 382 children and 24-hour urine analysis in 80 children. Analysis of both stone and 24-hour urine composition was completed in 56 children...
June 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279009/usefulness-and-pitfalls-in-sodium-intake-estimation-comparison-of-dietary-assessment-and-urinary-excretion-in-chilean-children-and-adults
#20
Carmen Campino, Caroline Hill, Rene Baudrand, Alejandro Martínez-Aguayo, Marlene Aglony, Carmen A Carrasco, Clarita Ferrada, Carolina Loureiro, Andrea Vecchiola, Rodrigo Bancalari, Francisca Grob, Cristian A Carvajal, Carlos F Lagos, Carolina Valdivia, Alejandra Tapia-Castillo, Cristobal A Fuentes, Carolina Mendoza, Hernan Garcia, Ricardo Uauy, Carlos E Fardella
BACKGROUND: High sodium intake has been associated with various noncommunicable disease like hypertension, cardiovascular disease, or stroke. To estimate accurately sodium intake is challenging in clinical practice. We investigate the usefulness and limitations of assessing sodium intake simultaneously by dietary assessment and urinary samples in both children and adults. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional study design inviting 298 Chilean subjects (74 children and 222 adults) aged between 9 and 66 years of both genders...
October 2016: American Journal of Hypertension
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