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Ambulatory blood pressure

Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Amy DeSantis, Anne Germain, Daniel J Buysse, Karen A Matthews, Wendy M Troxel
INTRODUCTION: Changes in the frequency, duration, and nature of military deployments over the past 14 years have spurred efforts to understand the effects of deployment on the health of military service members and their spouses. However, few studies have examined the impact of deployments on health outcomes in both veterans and their partners. This study aims to examine the association between deployment length and health, including ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and stress-related markers of inflammation, in military veterans and their spouses...
July 2017: Military Medicine
Marcus M Cranston, Mark W True, Jana L Wardian, Rishawn M Carriere, Tom J Sauerwein
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease. With MetS prevalence rates increasing in the U.S. population, prevention efforts have largely focused on diet and exercise interventions. Before retirement, military service members have met fitness requirements for at least 20 years, and have lower MetS rates compared to age-matched U.S. population controls (23.4% vs. 39.0%), which suggests a protective effect of the lifestyle associated with military service...
July 2017: Military Medicine
Antonios Karpetas, Charalampos Loutradis, Athanasios Bikos, Georgios Tzanis, Georgios Koutroumpas, Antonios A Lazaridis, Konstantinos Mavromatidis, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Aikaterini Papagianni, Pantelis Zebekakis, Luis M Ruilope, Gianfranco Parati, Pantelis A Sarafidis
OBJECTIVES: Patients with end-stage renal-disease under hemodialysis have increased cardiovascular risk and experience severe blood pressure (BP) fluctuations during the dialysis session and the subsequent interdialytic period. BP variability (BPV) may be an additional risk factor for cardiovascular events and preliminary data suggest increased BPV with advancing stages of chronic kidney disease. This is the first study to examine BPV during the whole intradialytic and interdialytic period in hemodialysis patients with ambulatory BP monitoring...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
Bianca Borchert-Mörlins, Daniela Thurn, Bernhard M W Schmidt, Anja K Büscher, Jun Oh, Tanja Kier, Elena Bauer, Sabrina Baig, Nele Kanzelmeyer, Markus J Kemper, Rainer Büscher, Anette Melk
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the second-most common cause of death in pediatric renal transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to evaluate subclinical cardiovascular target organ damage defined as the presence of arterio- and atherosclerotic lesions and cardiac remodeling and to analyze contributing risk factors in a large cohort of children after renal transplantation (RT). METHODS: A total of 109 children aged 13.1 ± 3.3 years who had undergone RT at one of three German transplant centers were enrolled in this study...
August 13, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
A Nishijima, M Gosho, R Yoshida, S Yanagibayashi, M Takikawa, J Nishijima, M Sekido, N Yamamoto
OBJECTIVE: Patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI) lack sufficient blood flow in to the limb, which leads to difficulties in the normal wound healing process. Therefore, maggot debridement therapy (MDT) has not generally been recommended for CLI patients. We evaluated the effectiveness of wound bed preparation by MDT in CLI patients who had undergone mid-foot amputation. METHODS: Patients who underwent mid-foot amputation after angioplasty between April 2014 and October 2016 were retrospectively investigated by classifying them into an MDT group or a conventional treatment group...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
Yang Zhao, Heng Yu, Xu Zhao, Ruixin Ma, Ningyin Li, Jing Yu
LCZ696, a first-in-class angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor, has been demonstrated to have greater advantages in the treatment of heart failure compared with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, enalapril, or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). However, studies that compared the efficacy and safety of LCZ696 against valsartan in patients with hypertension are limited. To provide further evidence for the benefits of LCZ696 and to make this assessment, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Thaís Inacio Rolim Póvoa, Thiago Veiga Jardim, Carolina de Souza Carneiro, Vanessa Roriz Ferreira, Karla Lorena Mendonça, Polyana Resende Silva de Morais, Flávia Miquetichuc Nogueira Nascente, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso de Souza, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Paulo César Brandão Veiga Jardim
Background: Regional differences of using home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) as an alternative to ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in hypertensive adolescents are unknown. Objectives: Define if HBPM is an option to confirm diagnoses of hypertension in adolescents from a Brazilian capital with elevated office blood pressure (BP). Methods: Adolescents (12-18years) from public and private schools with BP > 90th percentile were studied to compare and evaluate the agreement among office BP measurements, HBPM and ambulatory BP monitoring...
August 7, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Xiurong Li, Qingbo Jiang, Wenhui Wu, Xianlin Xu, Liying Miao, Lina Jin, Lina Xue, Tian Huang, Jia Di, Jinfeng Liu, Xiaozhou He
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) provide important cardiovascular risk information for dialysis patients. This study aims to evaluate the risk factors of cfPWV and the associations between ambulatory blood pressure, especially night-time blood pressure and cfPWV. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. ABP and cfPWV were measured on a midweek interdialytic day...
August 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Kimberly D Brunisholz, Jeff Olson, Jonathan W Anderson, Emily Hays, Peggy M Tilbury, Bradley Winter, Josh Rickard, Sharon Hamilton, Gregory Parkin
Objective Embedding clinical pharmacists into ambulatory care settings needs to be assessed in the context of established medical home models. Methods A retrospective, observational study examined the effectiveness of the Intermountain Healthcare Collaborative Pharmacist Support Services (CPSS) program from 2012-2015 among adult patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) and/or high blood pressure (HBP). Patients who attended this program were considered the intervention (CPSS) cohort. These patients were matched using propensity scores with a reference group (no-CPSS cohort) to determine the effect of achieving disease management goals and time to achievement...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
Scott R Garrison, Michael R Kolber, Christina S Korownyk, Rita K McCracken, Balraj S Heran, G Michael Allan
BACKGROUND: Eight out of 10 major antihypertensive trials in older adults attempted to achieve a target systolic blood pressure (BP) less than 160 mmHg. Collectively these trials demonstrated benefit for treatment, as compared to no treatment, for an older adult with BP greater than 160 mmHg. However an even lower BP target of less than 140 mmHg is commonly applied to all age groups. At the present time it is not known whether a lower or higher BP target is associated with better cardiovascular outcomes in older adults...
August 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Christiaan F Mooij, Antonius E van Herwaarden, Fred C G J Sweep, Nel Roeleveld, Chris L de Korte, Livia Kapusta, Hedi L Claahsen-van der Grinten
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the cardiovascular and metabolic risk profile in pediatric patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 27 CAH patients (8-16 years). Blood samples were taken to evaluate circulating cardiovascular risk (CVR) markers. Insulin resistance (IR) was evaluated by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA)-IR. Blood pressure (BP) was evaluated by office BP measurements and 24-h ambulatory BP measurements (24-h ABPM)...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Linda E Keyes, Thomas Douglas Sallade, Charles Duke, Jennifer Starling, Alison Sheets, Sushil Pant, David S Young, David Twillman, Nirajan Regmi, Benoit Phelan, Purshotam Paudel, Matthew McElwee, Luke Mather, Devlin Cole, Theodore McConnell, Buddha Basnyat
Keyes, Linda E, Thomas Douglas Sallade, Charles Duke, Jennifer Starling, Alison Sheets, Sushil Pant, David S. Young, David Twillman, Nirajan Regmi, Benoit Phelan, Purshotam Paudel, Matthew McElwee, Luke Mather, Devlin Cole, Theodore McConnell, and Buddha Basnyat. Blood pressure and altitude: an observational cohort study of hypertensive and nonhypertensive Himalayan trekkers in Nepal. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017. OBJECTIVES: To determine how blood pressure (BP) changes with altitude in normotensive versus hypertensive trekkers...
August 8, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Anping Cai, Chaofan Liu, Dan Zhou, Xiaoqi Liu, Qi Zhong, Xida Li, Yuqing Huang, Yingqing Feng, Yingling Zhou
AIM: The pressure study was carried out to evaluate the hypotheses that ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) is superior to clinic blood pressure for ischemic stroke and that ABP is important to refine risk stratification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 889 hospitalized patients who had undergone ABP monitoring were enrolled. Baseline data were compared between diabetic and nondiabetic subgroups. Area under receiver operating characteristics curve for each blood pressure (BP) component with ischemic stroke was evaluated...
August 3, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
Qunwei Liu, Limin Han, Feng Chang, Guoyan Chen, Xinrui Li, Lijiao Xia
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between autonomic nervous function and early renal dysfunction in elderly patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension (EH). DESIGN: A total of 223 elderly patients with mild-to-moderate EH were enrolled. Urinary albumin excretion (UAE) and urinary creatinine (UCr) were measured in all elderly patients with mild-to-moderate EH, and urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) was calculated (ACR = UAE/UCr × 0...
August 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
M G Kiuchi, S Chen, L M Rodrigues Paz, H Pürerfellner
BACKGROUND: Hypertension was both a mutual cause and the main concern of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Blood pressure control is more problematic in the company of CKD. This study compares the effects of renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure measurements (ABPM) and renal function in individuals with CKD and uncontrolled hypertension by unlike a number of ablated spots using the EnligHTN catheter and the standard irrigated cardiac ablation catheter (SICAC), Flexability...
August 4, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
Mónica Doménech, Enric Sastre, Miguel Camafort, Cristina Sierra, Antonio Coca
INTRODUCTION: Resistant hypertension(RH) has been defined as failure to control office blood pressure (BP) despite the use of≥3 different antihypertensive agents at optimal doses, including, ideally, a diuretic. Apparent RH, defines patients with an incorrect diagnosis of RH due to different causes. The objective was to determine whether most patients with RH in fact have apparent but not true RH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Observational study involving 93 patients with suspected RH, being 60 patients finally included...
August 1, 2017: Medicina Clínica
Marijana Tadic, Cesare Cuspidi, Biljana Pencic-Popovic, Vera Celic, Giuseppe Mancia
The authors sought to investigate the association between different hypertensive phenotypes and left atrial (LA) function assessed by the volumetric method and the strain method in patients with untreated hypertension. This cross-sectional study involved 236 untreated patients who underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and two-dimensional echocardiographic examination. Our findings showed that LA function gradually deteriorated from patients with normotension, across patients with daytime hypertension, to patients with night- and day-nighttime hypertension...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Hélcio Kanegusuku, Carla Silva-Batista, Tiago Peçanha, Natan Silva-Junior, Andreia Queiroz, Luiz Costa, Marco Mello, Maria Piemonte, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Cláudia Forjaz
Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) present blunted nocturnal blood pressure fall and similar ambulatory blood pressure variability (ABPV) measured by standard deviation (SD) and coefficient of variation (CV) compared with healthy subjects. However, these classical indices of ABPV have limited validity in individuals with circadian blood pressure alterations. New indices, such as the average of daytime and night-time standard deviation weighted by the duration of the daytime and night-time intervals (SDdn ) and the average real variability (ARV), remove the influence of the daytime and the night-time periods on ABPV...
September 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Derbew Fikadu Berhe, Katja Taxis, Flora M Haaijer-Ruskamp, Afework Mulugeta, Yewondwossen Tadesse Mengistu, Peter G M Mol
OBJECTIVES: We examined determinants of achieving blood pressure control in patients with hypertension and of treatment intensification in patients with uncontrolled blood pressure (BP). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study in six public hospitals, Ethiopia. PARTICIPANTS: Adult ambulatory patients with hypertension and with at least one previously prescribed antihypertensive medication in the study hospital. OUTCOME: Controlled BP (<140/90 mm Hg) and treatment intensification of patients with uncontrolled BP...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
Hanine F M Al-Far, Ingvild H Tjessem, Jens Fuglsang, Finn F Lauszus
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of mild to moderate hypertension might not benefit maternal or fetal outcome. This pessimistic point of view may have come about by using non-validated methods for measuring blood pressure in pregnancy combined with inadequate methodology for diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring effects. AIM: To determine the association between AASI in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and preeclampsia, and to assess the ability of AASI to diagnose preeclampsia...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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