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Ambulatory blood pressure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150775/influences-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-blood-pressure-variability-might-not-be-limited-only-nocturnally-in-middle-aged-hypertensive-males
#1
Liang Shao, Mulalibieke Heizhati, Xiaoguang Yao, Yingchun Wang, Suofeiya Abulikemu, Delian Zhang, Ling Zhou, Jing Hong, Nanfang Li
PURPOSE: In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the potential association between sleep measures and blood pressure variability. METHODS: Ninety-three middle-aged hypertensive males, who underwent polysomnography and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, were enrolled. Blood pressure variability was assessed by blood pressure standard deviation. Obstructive sleep apnea (apnea hypopnea index ≥ 15) was diagnosed in 52 (55.91%) patients. Mean body mass index and age were 27...
November 17, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149950/structural-and-functional-adaptation-of-the-remnant-kidney-after-living-kidney-donation-long-term-follow-up
#2
M Meier, J Winterhoff, L Fricke, H Lehnert, M Nitschke
OBJECTIVE: Several adjustments occur after nephrectomy (NT) in the donor's remnant kidney. We investigated kidney donors 10 years after NT and compared several parameters before and after transplantation. METHODS: A total of 42 kidney donors of the University of Luebeck's Transplant Center were scheduled for a 10-year follow-up and were offered several investigations: laboratory tests, urinalysis and kidney ultrasound examination including determination of kidney volume (KV), resistive index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI)...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146158/plasma-microrna-155-5p-is-increased-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-nocturnal-hypertension
#3
Dominika Klimczak, Marek Kuch, Tomasz Pilecki, Dorota Żochowska, Agnieszka Wirkowska, Leszek Pączek
MicroRNAs play multiple roles in the regulation of blood pressure (BP). Nevertheless, to date, no study has assessed the association between microRNA plasma expression and BP control in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Given this background, we evaluated the plasma expression of miR-155-5p, a translational inhibitor of angiotensin receptor type I, in CKD patients, to determine the association between miR-155-5p level and BP control. In this single-center cross-sectional study, we analyzed the miR-155-5p concentration by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction using the U6 snRNA as a reference gene and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in CKD patients (stage ≥2) in relation to a control group of healthy age-matched and gender-matched individuals, with normal BP proven by the ambulatory blood pressure monitoring...
October 28, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145197/inflammatory-and-angiogenic-factors-linked-to-longitudinal-microvascular-changes-in-hemodialysis-patients-irrespective-of-treatment-dose-intensity
#4
Nicos Mitsides, Tom Cornelis, Natascha J H Broers, Nanada M P Diederen, Paul Brenchley, Nicole Heitink-Ter Braak, Frank M van der Sande, Casper G Schalkwijk, Jeroen P Kooman, Sandip Mitra
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a major contributor to the poor outcomes observed in hemodialysis. We investigated the relationship between hemodialysis intensity and vascular parameters in high-dose (HDHD; >12hrs/week) and Conventional (CHD; ≤12hrs/week) hemodialysis intensity over a 6-month period. METHODS: We present the 6-month longitudinal analysis of a 2-year multicenter study investigating the effects of HDHD on cardiovascular parameters. We used pulse wave velocity, 24hr ambulatory blood pressure and sublingual dark field capillaroscopy measurements to assess macro- and microcirculation on 6-monthly basis...
November 16, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139301/design-of-a-24-week-trial-of-empagliflozin-once-daily-in-hypertensive-black-african-american-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Keith C Ferdinand, Leo Seman, Afshin Salsali
OBJECTIVE: Black/African American patients have higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), diabetes-related complications, and hypertension, but they are often underrepresented in clinical trials. The sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, empagliflozin, was associated with significant improvements in glucose control (via hemoglobin [Hb] A1c) and reductions in blood pressure (BP; via office and ambulatory BP monitoring) in a primarily white population with T2DM and hypertension...
November 15, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137850/the-importance-of-subclinical-left-ventricular-dysfunction-and-blood-pressure-pattern-in-asymptomatic-type-2-diabetic-patients-the-diagnostic-and-prognostic-significance-of-tissue-doppler-parameters-left-ventricular-global-longitudinal-strain-and-nighttime
#6
Angelina Stevanovic, Milica Dekleva
The primary aims of this study have been to explore the diagnostic and prognostic significance of Tissue Doppler parameters (TDI), global longitudinal strain (GLS), and blood pressure (BP) pattern in normotensive diabetic patients. METHODS: The study consisted of 121 diabetic patients and 41 healthy subjects. Conventional and TDI echocardiography were performed on all patients, including E/Em (ratio of diastolic velocities). GLS was derived from two-dimensional speckle-tracking. Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) was obtained over 24h...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133606/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-in-obese-patients-with-hypertension-the-gateway-randomized-trial-gastric-bypass-to-treat-obese-patients-with-steady-hypertension
#7
Carlos Aurelio Schiavon, Angela Cristine Bersch-Ferreira, Eliana Vieira Santucci, Juliana Dantas Oliveira, Camila Ragne Torreglosa, Priscila Torres Bueno, Julia Caldas Frayha, Renato Nakagawa Santos, Lucas Petri Damian, Patricia Malvina Noujaim, Helio Halpern, Frederico L J Monteiro, Ricardo Vitor Cohen, Carlos H Uchoa, Marcio Gonçalves de Souza, Celso Amodeo, Luiz Bortolotto, Dimas Ikeoka, Luciano F Drager, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Otavio Berwanger
BACKGROUND : Recent research efforts on bariatric surgery have focused on metabolic and diabetes mellitus resolution. Randomized trials designed to assess the impact of bariatric surgery in patients with obesity and hypertension are needed. METHODS : In this randomized, single-center, nonblinded trial, we included patients with hypertension (using ≥2 medications at maximum doses or >2 at moderate doses) and a body mass index between 30.0 and 39.9 kg/m(2) Patients were randomized to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass plus medical therapy or medical therapy alone...
November 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133363/prevalence-of-hypertensive-phenotypes-after-preeclampsia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Agnès Ditisheim, Grégoire Wuerzner, Belen Ponte, Yvan Vial, Olivier Irion, Michel Burnier, Michel Boulvain, Antoinette Pechère-Bertschi
Preeclampsia is associated with increased cardiovascular and renal risk. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to characterize the early postpartum blood pressure (BP) profile after preeclampsia. We enrolled 115 women with preeclampsia and 41 women with a normal pregnancy in a prospective cohort study. At 6 to 12 week postpartum, we assessed the prevalence of different hypertensive phenotypes using 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), as well as the risk of salt sensitivity and the variability of BP derived from ABPM parameters...
November 13, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133361/should-24-hour-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-become-part-of-regular-checkup-in-women-with-previous-preeclampsia
#9
EDITORIAL
Renata Cífková
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131285/favourable-hypotensive-effect-after-standardised-tomato-extract-treatment-in-hypertensive-subjects-at-high-estimated-cardiovascular-risk-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Beata Krasińska, Angelika Osińska, Aleksandra Krasińska, Maciej Osiński, Piotr Rzymski, Andrzej Tykarski, Zbigniew Krasiński
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases remain a leading global cause of death. Lowering blood pressure (BP) reduces the risk of CV complications, especially stroke and acute coronary events, and it delays the progression of kidney disease. Adequate non-pharmacological treatment improves the effectiveness of the antihypertensive therapy. A Mediterranean diet with high content of vegetables (rich in tomatoes) is associated with a reduced CV risk. AIM: The main objective of the present study was to assess if the addition of standardised extract of tomato (STE) or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) to standard antihypertensive therapy can improve blood pressure control in patients with hypertension (HT)...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131129/effect-of-diazepam-on-24-hour-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-healthy-young-volunteers
#11
Alfredo Costa, Daniele Bosone, Annalisa Zoppi, Angela D Apos Angelo, Natascia Ghiotto, Elena Guaschino, Matteo Cotta Ramusino, Roberto Fogari
AIM: To assess the effects of evening chronic administration of diazepam on 24-h blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in healthy young adults. METHODS: This randomized double blind, cross-over study evaluated the effects of diazepam 5 mg or placebo, both ingested in the evening, on 24-h ambulatory BP and HR in healthy subjects aged 21-30. RESULTS: A total of 30 subjects were included in the analysis. At the end of 4-week diazepam intake, an increase in 24-h HR mean values was found (+5...
October 31, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128778/circadian-blood-pressure-patterns-and-blood-pressure-control-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Nicola Di Daniele, Danilo Alunni Fegatelli, Valentina Rovella, Veronica Castagnola, Marco Gabriele, Angelo Scuteri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hypertension is a major risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD), and CKD progression is associated with suboptimal blood pressure (BP) control. Here we evaluate the impact of CKD on the attainment of BP control and the circadian BP profile in older subjects. METHODS: In this observational study, we studied 547 patients referred to the hypertension clinic, of whom 224 (40.9%) had CKD. Blood pressure (BP) control and circadian BP patterns were evaluated by 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring...
October 26, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127059/hypertension-and-cardiovascular-risk-general-aspects
#13
REVIEW
Sverre E Kjeldsen
Hypertension is the strongest or one of the strongest risk factors for almost all different cardiovascular diseases acquired during life, including coronary disease, left ventricular hypertrophy and valvular heart diseases, cardiac arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation, cerebral stroke and renal failure. The continuous relationship between blood pressure and cardiovascular and renal events makes the distinction between high normal blood pressure and hypertension based on arbitrary cut-off values for blood pressures...
November 7, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126762/association-between-abnormal-nocturnal-blood-pressure-profile-and-dementia-in-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Ryota Tanaka, Yasushi Shimo, Kazuo Yamashiro, Takashi Ogawa, Kenya Nishioka, Genko Oyama, Atsushi Umemura, Nobutaka Hattori
BACKGROUND: Circadian blood pressure alterations are frequently observed in Parkinson's disease, but the association between these changes and dementia in the condition remains unclear. Here, we assess the relationship between abnormal nocturnal blood pressure profiles and dementia in Parkinson's disease. METHODS: We enrolled 137 patients with Parkinson's disease, who underwent 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, following cognitive and clinical assessment...
October 20, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126211/the-reproducibility-of-racial-differences-in-ambulatory-blood-pressure-phenotypes-and-measurements-methodological-issues
#15
Siamak Sabour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126128/identification-of-the-optimal-protocol-for-automated-office-blood-pressure-measurement-among-patients-with-treated-hypertension
#16
Myles N Moore, Martin G Schultz, Mark R Nelson, J Andrew Black, Nathan B Dwyer, Ella Hoban, Matthew D Jose, Wojciech Kosmala, Monika Przewlocka-Kosmala, Jowita Zachwyc, Petr Otahal, Dean S Picone, Philip Roberts-Thomson, Panagiota Veloudi, James E Sharman
BACKGROUND: Automated office blood pressure (AOBP) involving repeated, unobserved blood pressure (BP) readings during one clinic visit is recommended for in-office diagnosis and assessment of hypertension. However, the optimal AOBP protocol to determine BP control in the least amount of time with the fewest BP readings is yet to be determined and was the aim of this study. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-nine patients (mean age 62.8 ± 12.1 years; 50.3% female) with treated hypertension referred to specialist clinics at 2 sites underwent AOBP in a quiet room alone...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120956/protein-kinase-c%C3%AE-deletion-causes-hypotension-and-decreased-vascular-contractility
#17
Brandi M Wynne, Cameron G McCarthy, Theodora Szasz, Patrick A Molina, Arlene B Chapman, R Clinton Webb, Janet D Klein, Robert S Hoover
AIM: Protein kinase Cα (PKCα) is a critical regulator of multiple cell signaling pathways including gene transcription, posttranslation modifications and activation/inhibition of many signaling kinases. In regards to the control of blood pressure, PKCα causes increased vascular smooth muscle contractility, while reducing cardiac contractility. In addition, PKCα has been shown to modulate nephron ion transport. However, the role of PKCα in modulating mean arterial pressure (MAP) has not been investigated...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117866/ambulatory-systolic-blood-pressure-and-obesity-are-independently-associated-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophic-remodeling-in-children
#18
Linyuan Jing, Christopher D Nevius, Cassi M Friday, Jonathan D Suever, Arichanah Pulenthiran, Abba Mejia-Spiegeler, H Lester Kirchner, William J Cochran, Gregory J Wehner, Aftab S Chishti, Christopher M Haggerty, Brandon K Fornwalt
BACKGROUND: Children with obesity have hypertrophic cardiac remodeling. Hypertension is common in pediatric obesity, and may independently contribute to hypertrophy. We hypothesized that both the degree of obesity and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) would independently associate with measures of hypertrophic cardiac remodeling in children. METHODS: Children, aged 8-17 years, prospectively underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and ABP monitoring. Left ventricular (LV) mass indexed to height(2...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108929/development-of-a-new-ict-based-multisensor-blood-pressure-monitoring-system-for-use-in-hemodynamic-biomarker-initiated-anticipation-medicine-for-cardiovascular-disease-the-national-impact-program-project
#19
REVIEW
Kazuomi Kario, Naoko Tomitani, Hiroshi Kanegae, Nobuhiko Yasui, Masafumi Nishizawa, Takeshi Fujiwara, Takeya Shigezumi, Ryozo Nagai, Hiroshi Harada
We have developed a multisensor home and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring system for monitoring 24-hr central and brachial BP variability concurrent with physical activity (PA), temperature, and atmospheric pressure. The new BP monitoring system utilizes our recently developed biological and environmental signal monitoring Information Communication Technology/Internet of Things system, which can simultaneously monitor the environment (temperature, illumination, etc.) of different rooms in a house (entryway, bedroom, living room, bathing room, and toilet), and a wrist-type high-sensitivity actigraph for identifying the location of patients...
November 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106031/comparison-of-morning-vs-bedtime-administration-of-the-combination-of-valsartan-amlodipine-on-nocturnal-brachial-and-central-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-hypertension
#20
Takeshi Fujiwara, Satoshi Hoshide, Yuichiro Yano, Hiroshi Kanegae, Kazuomi Kario
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of morning and bedtime administration of valsartan/amlodipine combination therapy (80/5 mg) on nocturnal brachial and central blood pressure (BP) measured by ambulatory BP monitoring in patients with hypertension. This was a 16-week prospective, multicenter, randomized, open-label, crossover, noninferiority clinical trial. Patients underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring at randomization, at switching, and at the end of the study. Twenty-three patients (mean age, 68...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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