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Honghai Zhang, Haiting Zhao, Hua-Jun Feng
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a devastating epilepsy complication, and no effective preventive strategies are currently available for this fatal disorder. Clinical and animal studies of SUDEP demonstrate that seizure-induced respiratory arrest (S-IRA) is the primary event leading to death after generalized seizures in many cases. Enhancing brain levels of serotonin reduces S-IRA in animal models relevant to SUDEP, including the DBA/1 mouse. Given that serotonin in the brain plays an important role in modulating respiration and arousal, these findings suggest that deficits in respiration and/or arousal may contribute to S-IRA...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Jian Zhang, Haiting Chai, Guifu Yang, Zhiqiang Ma
BACKGROUND: Bioluminescent proteins (BLPs) widely exist in many living organisms. As BLPs are featured by the capability of emitting lights, they can be served as biomarkers and easily detected in biomedical research, such as gene expression analysis and signal transduction pathways. Therefore, accurate identification of BLPs is important for disease diagnosis and biomedical engineering. In this paper, we propose a novel accurate sequence-based method named PredBLP (Prediction of BioLuminescent Proteins) to predict BLPs...
June 5, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
Lili Du, Wenjuan Xiong, Shun-Cheung Cheng, Haiting Shi, Wai Kin Chan, David Lee Phillips
We report the synthesis and characterization of a conjugated polymer incorporated with cyclometalated platinum complexes on the main chain. The polymer may serve as an efficient triplet sensitizer in light-harvesting systems. The photophysical properties of the polymer were studied by nanosecond and femtosecond time-resolved transient absorption spectroscopies. After excitation, an energy-transfer process from the thiophene units on the conjugated main chain to the singlet excited state of the Pt complex moieties occurred in less than 150 fs...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Yu-Ping Yang, Haiting Ma, Alina Starchenko, Won Jae Huh, Wei Li, F Edward Hickman, Qin Zhang, Jeffrey L Franklin, Douglas P Mortlock, Sabine Fuhrmann, Bruce D Carter, Rebecca A Ihrie, Robert J Coffey
EGF receptor (EGFR) is a critical signaling node throughout life. However, it has not been possible to directly visualize endogenous Egfr in mice. Using CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing, we appended a fluorescent reporter to the C terminus of the Egfr. Homozygous reporter mice appear normal and EGFR signaling is intact in vitro and in vivo. We detect distinct patterns of Egfr expression in progenitor and differentiated compartments in embryonic and adult mice. Systemic delivery of EGF or amphiregulin results in markedly different patterns of Egfr internalization and trafficking in hepatocytes...
May 9, 2017: Cell Reports
Yating Chen, Peng Luo, Zhongli Li, Hengping Hu, Duobin Wu, Tingting Xu, Xingzuo Wang, Haiting Xie
RATIONALE: Kennedy disease (KD) is also known as spinal bulbar muscular dystrophy. As KD has similar symptoms with most neuromuscular diseases, so it is difficult to make a rapid diagnosis clinically. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 43-year-old male with progressive limb proximal weakness without family history. Physical examination showed gynecomastia, erectile dysfunction, bilateral tendon reflex and quadriceps weakness, and tongue muscle atrophy. DIAGNOSES: Laboratory examination found increased creatine kinase, impaired glucose tolerance, and abnormal lactic acid values...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Haiting Zhang, Yongbo Dan, Craig D Adams, Honglan Shi, Yinfa Ma, Todd Eichholz
In this research, the release and degradation of intracellular microcystin-LR (MC-LR) due to oxidation of Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) was examined kinetically. Brief exposure to free chlorine with no measureable oxidant exposure was demonstrated to be sufficient to induce rapid release of intracellular MC-LR from M. aeruginosa. Thus, in a water treatment plant, there is currently no level of prechlorination that can be assumed to be safe, since very low preoxidation prior to filtration and no measureable free chlorine residual may still observe the release and buildup of extracellular MC-LR...
April 24, 2017: Chemosphere
Jiao Xu, Mei Li, Guoliang Shi, Haiting Wang, Xian Ma, Jianhui Wu, Xurong Shi, Yinchang Feng
In this study, single particle mass spectra signatures of both coal burning boiler and biomass burning boiler emitted particles were studied. Particle samples were suspended in clean Resuspension Chamber, and analyzed by ELPI and SPAMS simultaneously. The size distribution of BBB (biomass burning boiler sample) and CBB (coal burning boiler sample) are different, as BBB peaks at smaller size, and CBB peaks at larger size. Mass spectra signatures of two samples were studied by analyzing the average mass spectrum of each particle cluster extracted by ART-2a in different size ranges...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Valérie Bertrand, Abdelaziz El Haite, Delphine Carré
Ustekinumab is approved for the treatment of psoriasis in adolescents and for the treatment of moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD) in adults, but data are lacking in pediatric CD. We report a case of severe psoriasis induced by biotherapies in an adolescent with CD that improved after switching to ustekinumab (90 mg at weeks 0, 2, and 4 and then every 8 weeks). The patient had not experienced CD relapse after 1 year of follow-up. Ustekinumab can be an alternative therapy for psoriasis induced by biotherapies when conventional treatment fails and can maintain remission of CD...
April 23, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
Yanfen Zheng, Jiang Cheng, Cailong Zhou, Haiting Xing, Xiufang Wen, Pihui Pi, Shouping Xu
We demonstrate a facile method to induce water droplet motion on an wedge-shaped superhydrophobic copper surface combining with a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) oil layer on it. The unbalanced interfacial tension from the shape gradient offers the actuating force. The superhydrophobicity critically eliminates the droplet contact line pinning and the slippery PDMS oil layer lubricates the droplet motion, which makes the droplet move easily. The maximum velocity and furthest position of droplet motion were recorded and found to be influenced by the gradient angle...
April 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Haiting Guo, Chao Hu, Pu Yan, Zhongyuan Li, Zhibao Chen
Objective To determine the expiration dates of CD3e(+)CD4(+) T and CD3e(+)CD8a(+) T lymphocytes of Kunming mice. Methods The sterile spleen and anticoagulant blood of Kunming mice were collected and used to prepare the single-cell suspensions. After CD3e, CD4 and CD8a of T cells were stained with fluorophore-conjugated monoclonal antibodies, the samples were fixed with paraformaldehyde (PFA) and stored at 4DegreesCelsius in dark followed by detection using three-color flow cytometry at several specific time points...
April 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Ester Hait, Guy Gilboa
We propose a new way to solve a very general blind inverse problem of multiple simultaneous degradations, such as blur, resolution reduction, noise, and contrast changes, without explicitly estimating the degradation. The proposed concept is based on combining semantic non-rigid patches, problem-specific high-quality prior data, and non-rigid registration tools. We show how a significant quality enhancement can be achieved, both visually and quantitatively, in the case of facial images. The method is demonstrated on the problem of cellular photography quality enhancement of dark facial images for different identities, expressions, and poses, and is compared with the state-of-the-art denoising, deblurring, super-resolution, and color-correction methods...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Cunxi Li, Bhuminder Singh, Ramona Graves-Deal, Haiting Ma, Alina Starchenko, William H Fry, Yuanyuan Lu, Yang Wang, Galina Bogatcheva, Mohseen P Khan, Ginger L Milne, Shilin Zhao, Gregory Daniel Ayers, Nenggan Li, Huaying Hu, Mary Kay Washington, Timothy J Yeatman, Oliver G McDonald, Qi Liu, Robert J Coffey
We previously reported that single cells from a human colorectal cancer (CRC) cell line (HCA-7) formed either hollow single-layered polarized cysts or solid spiky masses when plated in 3D in type-I collagen. To begin in-depth analyses into whether clonal cysts and spiky masses possessed divergent properties, individual colonies of each morphology were isolated and expanded. The lines thus derived faithfully retained their parental cystic and spiky morphologies and were termed CC (cystic) and SC (spiky), respectively...
April 4, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Mingxuan Cao, Siwei Yang, Yating Zhang, Xiaoxian Song, Yongli Che, Haiting Zhang, Yu Yu, Guqiao Ding, Guizhong Zhang, Jianquan Yao
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) have received much research attention, because of their useful structure and optical absorption/emission. We report the tunable amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) in GQD-doped cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC), which to the best of our knowledge has not been previously observed. The GQDs are uniformly dispersed with a weight ratio of 0.5 wt.% in CLC. Under optical excitation, typical ASE is triggered in the system at pump energies greater than 1.25 mJ cm(-2). The emission peak at the long wavelength edge of the photonic bandgap shifts from 662 to 669 nm, as the working temperature is increased from 50 to 90 °C...
March 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
Xiangqi Li, Xiuzhen Xie, Haiting Wei, Minzhen Zhong
A series of color-tunable Ca3-2x-y-z SiO4 Cl2 (CSC):xCe(3+) ,xLi(+) ,yMn(2+) ,zEu(2+) phosphors with low temperature phase structure was synthesized via the sol-gel method. An energy transfer process from Ce(3+) to Mn(2+) in CSC:0.01Ce(3+) ,0.01Li(+) ,yMn(2+) (y = 0.03-0.09) and the mechanism was verified to be an electric dipole-dipole interaction. The Ce(3+) and Mn(2+) emission intensities were greatly enhanced by co-doping Eu(2+) ions into CSC:0.01Ce(3+) ,0.01Li(+) ,0.07Mn(2+) phosphors due to competitive energy transfers from Eu(2+) /Ce(3+) to Mn(2+) , and Ce(3+) to Eu(2+) ...
February 21, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Haiting Huang, Yanwu You, Xu Lin, Chunrong Tang, Xiangjun Gu, Meiying Huang, Youling Qin, Junhua Tan, Feifan Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of glomerulosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of inhibition of transient receptor potential cation channel C6 (TRPC6) on podocyte injury induced by TGF-β1 via nephrin and desmin mechanisms. METHODS: A rat model of nephropathy was first induced by intravenous injections of adriamycin to determine TRPC6 signal pathway engaged in glomerulosclerosis in vivo...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Xiaoxian Song, Yating Zhang, Haiting Zhang, Yu Yu, Mingxuan Cao, Yongli Che, Haitao Dai, Junbo Yang, Xin Ding, Jianquan Yao
A field-effect phototransistor based on a graphene and lead sulfide quantum dot (PbS QD) hybrid in which PbS QDs are embedded in a graphene matrix has been fabricated with a vertical architecture through a solution process. The n-type Si/SiO2 substrate (gate), Au/Ag nanowire transparent source electrode, active layer and Au drain electrode are vertically stacked in the device, which has a downscaled channel length of 250 nm. Photoinduced electrons in the PbS QDs leap into the conduction band and fill in the trap states, while the photoinduced holes left in the valence band transfer to the graphene and form the photocurrent under biases from which the photoconductive gain is evaluated...
April 7, 2017: Nanotechnology
Eva Maria Støa, Sondre Meling, Lill-Katrin Nyhus, Glenn Strømstad, Karl Magnus Mangerud, Jan Helgerud, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Øyvind Støren
PURPOSE: It remains to be established how high-intensity aerobic interval training (HAIT) affects risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes (TD2). This study investigated effects of HAIT on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), glycated Hemoglobin type A1C (HbA1c), insulin resistance (IR), fat oxidation (FatOx), body weight (BW), percent body fat (%BF), lactate threshold (LT), blood pressure (BP), and blood lipid profile (BLP) among persons with T2D. Results were compared to the effects after a moderate-intensity training (MIT) program...
March 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Xinhua Cao, Qianqian Ding, Aiping Gao, Haiting Lv, Na Zhao, Dan Liu
A new serial of gelators with two cholesteryl groups based on o-phenylenediamine, m-phenylenediamine and p-phenylenediamine were synthesized, and their organogelation ability was evaluated. We found that G-o could form gels in DMF, DMSO and ethyl acetate, G-m and G-p could only gel DMF and 1,4-dioxane. The organogels were thoroughly characterized using various microscopic techniques including field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis spectrum, FT-IR spectrum and contact angle...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Yiwei Liao, Liangfang Shen, Haiting Zhao, Qing Liu, Jun Fu, Yong Guo, Renjun Peng, Lei Cheng
Temozolomide (TMZ)-based chemotherapy is a standard strategy for glioma, while chemoresistance remains a major therapeutic challenge. Recent evidence highlights the crucial regulatory roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) in tumor biology. However, the roles and regulatory mechanisms of lncRNA cancer susceptibility candidate 2 (CASC2), in glioma tumorigenesis and chemoresistance are poorly understood. In this study, CASC2 expression was down-regulated in glioma tissues and cell lines, and was related to a clinicopathologic features and shorter survival time...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Ming Sun, Huiwen Zheng, Yingpeng Xie, Bingxiang Li, Haiting Long, Ge Guo, Lei Guo, Jingjing Wang, Ruotong Ning, Yue Li, Longding Liu
Many studies have revealed a protective effect of infection of an individual with an immunodeficiency virus against subsequent infection with a heterologous strain. However, the extent of protection against superinfection conferred by the first infection and the biological consequences of superinfection are not well understood. Here, we report that a rhesus monkey model of mucosal superinfection was established to investigate the protective immune response. Protection against superinfection was shown to correlate with the extent of the polyfunctionality of CD4(+) effector memory T cells, whereas neutralizing antibody responses did not protect against superinfection in this model...
May 2017: Archives of Virology
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