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Desmoplastic melanoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704986/desmoplastic-melanoma-a-diagnostic-challenge
#1
Dario Didona, Giovanni Paolino, Gianluca Pagnanelli, Michele Donati, Giorgio Annessi, Biagio Didona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662971/head-and-neck-desmoplastic-melanoma-utility-of-sentinel-node-biopsy
#2
John R Sims, Carilyn N Wieland, Jan L Kasperbauer, Eric J Moore, Daniel L Price
PURPOSE: The utility of sentinel lymph node biopsy in desmoplastic melanoma has been questioned due to multiple reports of a low rate of occult nodal metastasis in this variant of melanoma. We describe a single institution experience with management of desmoplastic melanoma of the head and neck and discuss the utility of sentinel lymph node biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 49 patients with desmoplastic melanoma of the head and neck at a tertiary care center from 1994 to 2014...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640941/phox2b-reliably-distinguishes-neuroblastoma-among-small-round-blue-cell-tumors
#3
Yin P Hung, John P Lee, Andrew M Bellizzi, Jason L Hornick
AIMS: Neuroblastoma shows considerable histologic overlap with other small round blue cell tumors. PHOX2B, a transcription factor essential for autonomic nervous system development, has been reported as an immunohistochemical marker for neuroblastoma. The purpose of this study was to validate the specificity and diagnostic utility of PHOX2B for peripheral neuroblastic tumors. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated 240 cases (133 in whole-tissue sections; 107 in tissue microarrays), including 76 peripheral neuroblastic tumors [median age 2 years; including 4 adults] and 164 other tumors: 44 Wilms tumors; 20 Ewing sarcomas; 10 each CIC-rearranged round cell sarcomas, poorly differentiated synovial sarcomas, lymphoblastic lymphomas, alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas, embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas, mesenchymal chondrosarcomas, Merkel cell carcinomas, olfactory neuroblastomas, and melanomas; 5 each NUT midline carcinomas and desmoplastic small round cell tumors...
June 22, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638792/immunotherapy-in-pancreatic-cancer-unleash-its-potential-through-novel-combinations
#4
REVIEW
Songchuan Guo, Merly Contratto, George Miller, Lawrence Leichman, Jennifer Wu
Pancreatic cancer is the third leading cause of cancer mortality in both men and women in the United States, with poor response to current standard of care, short progression-free and overall survival. Immunotherapies that target cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4, programmed cell death protein-1, and programmed death-ligand 1 checkpoints have shown remarkable activities in several cancers such as melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, and non-small cell lung cancer due to high numbers of somatic mutations, combined with cytotoxic T-cell responses...
June 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573666/detection-of-desmoplastic-melanoma-with-dermoscopy-and-reflectance-confocal-microscopy
#5
N G Maher, A Solinas, R A Scolyer, S Puig, G Pellacani, P Guitera
BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) is frequently misdiagnosed clinically and often associated with melanoma in situ (MIS). OBJECTIVE: To improve the detection of DM using dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM). METHODS: A descriptive analysis of DM dermoscopy features and a case-control study within a melanoma population for RCM feature evaluation, performed blindly, using data obtained between 2005 and 2015. After retrospectively identifying all DM cases with RCM data over the study period (n=16), a control group of non-DM melanoma patients with RCM data, in a ratio of at least 3:1, was selected...
June 2, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533998/ipilimumab-as-a-cause-of-severe-pan-colitis-and-colonic-perforation
#6
Raj Shah, Danielle Witt, Talal Asif, Fahad F Mir
Ipilimumab is a human monoclonal antibody that functions as a cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitor that is used to treat malignant melanoma. Due to ipilimumab's removal of immune regulation, specifically through the inactivation of CTLA-4, it is commonly associated with inflammatory and autoimmune events. Gastrointestinal (GI) related immune-related adverse events such as diarrhea occur in 29% of patients with 7.6% of patients specifically suffering from colitis. We describe a case of colonic perforation with ipilimumab use...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442880/trichoscopic-patterns-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-case-report
#7
Balachandra S Ankad, Mahajabeen Madarkar, Gourishetty Saipriya, Punit S Sakhare, Vijay D Dombale
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most cutaneous malignancy after basal cell carcinoma (BCC) with increasing incidence. In the view its nodular manifestation; it can appear similar to nodular BCC, atypical fibroxanthoma, sclerosing liposarcoma and desmoplastic melanoma. Prognostic and therapeutic implications are different in all these conditions and thus their distinction becomes important. Trichoscopy is a simple and non-invasive technique to visualize certain morphological features of skin lesions and it improves the diagnostic accuracy for melanocytic and nonmelanocytic pigmented lesions...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403573/desmoplastic-melanoma-may-mimic-a-cutaneous-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-report-of-3-challenging-cases
#8
Isidro Machado, Beatriz Llombart, Julia Cruz, Víctor Traves, Celia Requena, Eduardo Nagore, Antonina Parafioriti, Carlos Monteagudo, Antonio Llombart-Bosch
Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) and cutaneous malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) reveal histological and immunohistochemical similarities, including S100 positivity and negative staining for conventional melanocytic markers. We present 3 cases of cutaneous S100-positive spindle cell tumors in elderly patients, in which first findings led to initial misdiagnoses as cutaneous MPNST and benign peripheral sheath nerve tumor (neurofibroma). The identification of adjacent atypical melanocytic hyperplasia in the overlying skin along with tumor cell proliferation, also in the superficial dermis, the neurotropic component and the absence of any relationship between the tumor and a major nerve, pre-existing neural benign tumor or the existence of stigmata suggestive of neurofibromatosis raised consideration of a DM...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346486/grem1-is-expressed-in-the-cancer-associated-myofibroblasts-of-basal-cell-carcinomas
#9
Hye Sung Kim, Myung Soo Shin, Min Seok Cheon, Jae Wang Kim, Cheol Lee, Woo Ho Kim, Young Sill Kim, Bo Gun Jang
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play important roles in cancer progression through their complex interactions with cancer cells. The secreted bone morphogenetic protein antagonist, gremlin1 (GREM1) is expressed by the CAFs of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), and promotes the growth of cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the expression of GREM1 mRNAs in various benign and malignant skin tumors, including various BCC subtypes. Analysis by RNA in situ hybridization (ISH) revealed that fibroblasts in the scar tissue expressed GREM1 and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), whereas resident fibroblasts in the dermis of the normal skin did not express GREM1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329663/prognostic-modeling-in-desmoplastic-melanoma-using-different-cutpoints-for-the-proportion-of-desmoplasia
#10
Michael E Ming, Adaobi I Nwaneshiudu, Xiao-Wei Xu, Giorgos C Karakousis, David E Elder, Rosalie Elenitsas
Currently, desmoplastic melanomas are commonly divided into "pure" desmoplastic melanoma (at least 90% desmoplasia histologically) and "mixed" (<90%), with pure having a better prognosis, but our understanding of the relationship between percent desmoplasia and prognosis is incomplete. We sought to determine whether a more refined grading system that examined extent of desmoplasia by percent in 10% increments would be a better prognostic model. We also sought to determine the optimal cutpoint for percent desmoplasia if a single cutpoint were used...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282922/the-development-of-a-novel-therapeutic-strategy-to-target-hyaluronan-in-the-extracellular-matrix-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#11
REVIEW
Daisuke Kudo, Akiko Suto, Kenichi Hakamada
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal diseases to affect humans, regardless of whether patients receive multimodal therapy (including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy). This resistance to intervention is currently considered to be caused by the desmoplastic change of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in PDAC tissues, which is characterized by the accumulation of cancer-associated fibroblasts, collagen, proteoglycan, and hyaluronan. Among these ECM components, hyaluronan has attracted interest because various studies have indicated that hyaluronan-rich PDAC is correlated with the progressive properties of cancer cells, both in experimental and clinical settings...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215306/neurotrophin-receptors-and-perineural-invasion-analyses-in-select-lineage-unrelated-cutaneous-malignancies-with-a-propensity-for-perineural-invasion
#12
N F Frydenlund, M Mahalingam
In this chapter, we parse the literature on neurotrophins that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of perineural invasion (PNI) in select lineage-unrelated malignancies. We also detail evidence linking neurotrophins and their receptors (TrkA, RET, p75NGFR, and NCAM) to the pathogenesis of PNI in desmoplastic melanoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma-both malignancies with an established propensity for PNI. Lastly, the clinical potential of neurotrophins as receptors for targeted therapies is explored...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067895/the-nf1-gene-in-tumor-syndromes-and-melanoma
#13
REVIEW
Maija Kiuru, Klaus J Busam
Activation of the RAS/MAPK pathway is critical in melanoma. Melanoma can be grouped into four molecular subtypes based on their main genetic driver: BRAF-mutant, NRAS-mutant, NF1-mutant, and triple wild-type tumors. The NF1 protein, neurofibromin 1, negatively regulates RAS proteins through GTPase activity. Germline mutations in NF1 cause neurofibromatosis type I, a common genetic tumor syndrome caused by dysregulation of the RAS/MAPK pathway, ie, RASopathy. Melanomas with NF1 mutations typically occur on chronically sun-exposed skin or in older individuals, show a high mutation burden, and are wild-type for BRAF and NRAS...
February 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017261/is-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-warranted-for-desmoplastic-melanoma-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Jonathan A Dunne, Justin C R Wormald, Jessica Steele, Elizabeth Woods, Joy Odili, Barry W E M Powell
BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) is an uncommon malignancy associated with a high local recurrence rate. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the positivity rate of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with DM. The secondary outcome was to establish if SLNB is warranted for both pure DM (PDM) and mixed DM (MDM). METHODS: A full systematic literature review of SLNB in DM was performed by two authors in January 2016. Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941538/nf1-and-neurofibromin-emerging-players-in-the-genetic-landscape-of-desmoplastic-melanoma
#15
REVIEW
Meera Mahalingam
Neurofibromatosis type I (NF1), a monogenic disorder with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance, is caused by alterations in the NF1 gene which codes for the protein neurofibromin. Functionally, NF1 is a tumor suppressor as it is GTPase-activating protein that negatively regulates the MAPK pathway. More recently, much attention has focused on the role of NF1 and neurofibromin in melanoma as mutations in NF1 have been found to constitute 1 of the 4 distinct genomic categories of melanoma, with the other 3 comprising BRAF, NRAS, and "triple-wild-type" subtypes...
January 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899693/performance-testing-of-rreb1-myb-and-ccnd1-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-in-spindle-cell-and-desmoplastic-melanoma-argues-for-a-two-step-test-algorithm
#16
Stephanie E Weissinger, Manfred Frick, Peter Möller, Basil A Horst, Jochen K Lennerz
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic confirmation of spindle-cell melanoma (SM) or desmoplastic melanoma (DM) as a melanoma can be challenging. In conventional melanoma (CM), a recently established fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay for RREB1, MYB, CCND1 can be helpful. Here, we determined the presence of RREB1, MYB, and CCND1 abnormalities in an SM/DM/mixed cohort. METHODS: We assembled 49 cases and performed 3 separate hybridizations for RREB1/MYB/CCND1. We assessed clinical utility in diagnostically challenging cases and performed a cost and turnaround time analysis...
April 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873341/immunostain-use-in-the-diagnosis-of-melanomas-referred-to-a-tertiary-medical-center-a-15-year-retrospective-review-2001-2015
#17
Randie H Kim, Shane A Meehan
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the clinical practice of immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of melanoma. We aimed to assess the incidence of immunostain usage by referring pathologists and dermatopathologists in melanoma cases sent for consultative review. As a secondary objective, associations between immunostain use and specific melanoma characteristics were also evaluated. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of consultation reports of referred melanomas at a tertiary academic center in New York, NY from 2001 to 2015...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843671/erratum-to-primary-desmoplastic-melanoma-of-the-penis
#18
Julia T Chu, Michael A Liss, William W Wu, Atreya Dash, Di Lu
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/706572.].
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728982/desmoplastic-melanoma-a-challenge-for-the-oncologist
#19
Marco Manfredini, Giovanni Pellacani, Lorena Losi, Monia Maccaferri, Aldo Tomasi, Giovanni Ponti
AIM: To evaluate clinical, pathologic and genetic features of desmoplastic melanoma (DM). MATERIALS & METHODS: Analysis of all DM records from 1991 to 2015. RESULTS: The most common location of DMs was the head and neck (69%); median age and follow-up were 60.5 and 7.3 years, respectively. A familial predisposition for DMs and others malignancies was analyzed. Thin Breslow thickness (<4.5 mm) was associated with an intraepidermal component or a previous lentigo maligna, whereas high Breslow thickness (>4...
February 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687011/superficial-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-with-overlying-intradermal-melanocytic-nevus-mimicking-spindle-cell-melanoma
#20
Christopher R Jackson, Eugen C Minca, Jyoti P Kapil, Steven Christopher Smith, Steven D Billings
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are rare soft tissue sarcomas with histological and immunohistochemical similarities to spindle cell melanoma. Although spindle cell melanoma is significantly more common, both tumors may express S100 and lack staining for HMB-45, Melan-A or MITF. Here we present a case of superficial malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor with diffuse S100 positivity arising in a subtle neurofibroma in close proximity to an intradermal melanocytic nevus. This configuration had led to prior misdiagnosis as a desmoplastic melanoma arising in the nevus and to sentinel lymph node biopsy...
December 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
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