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football medicine

Tom Porter, Alison Rushton
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention measures might reduce the impact of injury on footballers and football clubs. Increasing research has evaluated the use of exercise for injury prevention. However, research has focused on adolescent females. No high-quality systematic reviews have evaluated the efficacy of all forms of exercise on preventing injury in adult male football. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise in preventing injury in adult male football...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos, David O Okonkwo, Jon Almquist, Julian Bailes, Mark Barisa, Jeffrey Bazarian, O Josh Bloom, David Brody, Robert Cantu, Javier Cardenas, Jay Clugston, Randall Cohen, Ruben Echemendia, R J Elbin, Richard Ellenbogen, Janna Fonseca, Gerard Gioia, Kevin Guskiewicz, Robert Heyer, Gillian Hotz, Grant L Iverson, Barry Jordan, Geoffrey Manley, Joseph Maroon, Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea, Anne Mucha, Elizabeth Pieroth, Kenneth Podell, Matthew Pombo, Teena Shetty, Allen Sills, Gary Solomon, Danny G Thomas, Tamara C Valovich McLeod, Tony Yates, Ross Zafonte
BACKGROUND: Conventional management for concussion involves prescribed rest and progressive return to activity. Recent evidence challenges this notion and suggests that active approaches may be effective for some patients. Previous concussion consensus statements provide limited guidance regarding active treatment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the current landscape of treatment for concussion and to provide summary agreements related to treatment to assist clinicians in the treatment of concussion...
October 12, 2016: Neurosurgery
Karima Belhaj, Soumia Meftah, Siham Zahi, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif Elfatimi
OBJECTIVE: Isokinetic evaluation allows accurate and reproducible measurement of dynamic muscle strength. It has several application areas, especially in sports, it allows the evaluation, rehabilitation and re-entrainment. It is rarely used for the hip joint. The objective of this study was to report the isokinetic profile of the abductor and adductor muscles of the hip in Moroccan professional players, while comparing players with a history of groin for those without medical history at the hip...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Carlo Signorelli, Anna Odone, Alessia Miduri, Paola Cella, Cesira Pasquarella, Armando Gozzini, Pasquale Tamburrino, Enrico Castellacci
Scant data is available on immunization policies and practices among professional athletes. Following up on a recent review on the topic, we conducted a survey among Italian Serie A soccer teams during the influenza season 2015-16, to explore vaccination practices and attitudes as well as influenza vaccine uptake. The survey covered a sample of over 600 professional athletes from 20 teams and was carried out in collaboration with the Italian Association of Physicians of Professional Football Teams (L.A.M.I...
September 13, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
I J R Tak, R F H Langhout, S Groters, A Weir, J H Stubbe, G M M J Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: The association between groin pain and range of motion is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to develop a test to measure sport specific range of motion (SSROM) of the lower limb, to evaluate its reliability and describe findings in non-injured (NI) and injured football players. DESIGN: Case-controlled. SETTING: 6 Dutch elite clubs, 6 amateur clubs and a sports medicine practice. PARTICIPANTS: 103 NI elite and 83 NI amateurs and 57 football players with unilateral adductor-related groin pain...
July 31, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Scott Cheatham, Morey J Kolber, Kathryn Kumagai Shimamura
: Clinical Scenario: The differential diagnosis of groin pain can be very challenging due to the many causative pathologies. Osteitis pubis is one pathology that is becoming more recognized in athletes who participate in sports such as soccer, ice hockey, rugby, and football.(1) Conservative non-operative treatment is often prescribed first prior to surgical intervention. Of particular interest, are the outcomes of non-operative rehabilitation programs and their effectiveness to return athletes to pre-injury levels of participation...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Susan P Smith, Joseph F Cosgrove, Peter J Driscoll, Andrew Smith, John Butler, Peter Goode, Carl Waldmann, Christopher J Vallis, Fiona Topham, Michael Monty Mythen
In the past three decades, mass casualty incidents have occurred worldwide at multiple sporting events and other mass gatherings. Organisational safety and healthcare provision can consequently be scrutinised post-event. Within the UK, such incidents in the 1980s provided incentives to improve medical services and subsequent high profile UK-based international sporting events (London Olympics and Paralympics 2012, Glasgow Commonwealth Games 2014, Rugby World Cup 2015) added a further catalyst for developing services...
September 9, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Adam G Culvenor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Earl R Cooper, Michael S Ferrara, Douglas J Casa, John W Powell, Steven P Broglio, Jacob E Resch, Ronald W Courson
CONTEXT: Knowledge about the specific environmental and practice risks to participants in American intercollegiate football during preseason practices is limited. Identifying risks may mitigate occurrences of exertional heat illness (EHI). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations among preseason practice day, session number, and wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and the incidence of EHI. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Sixty colleges and universities representing 5 geographic regions of the United States...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Anna Maria Świdwińska-Gajewska, Sławomir Czerczak
Fullerenes are molecules composed of an even number of carbon atoms of a spherical or an ellipsoidal, closed spatial structure. The most common fullerene is the C60 molecule with a spherical structure - a truncated icosahedron, compared to a football. Fullerenes are widely used in the diagnostics and medicine, but also in the electronics and energy industry. Occupational exposure to fullerene may occur during its production. The occupational concentrations of fullerenes reached 0.12-1.2 μ/m3 for nanoparticles fraction (< 100 nm), which may evidence low exposure levels...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Fares Najari, Alimohammad Alimohammadi, Parisa Ghodrati
INTRODUCTION: Natural and unexpected death that happens within less than one hour of first symptom occurrence is called sudden death. Cardiovascular diseases are the main known reason of sudden death and more than 75% of sudden deaths in athletes are assigned to it. Here we reported the autopsy results of all cases with sudden death following exercise that were referred to forensic center of Tehran, Iran, from 2009 to 2014. METHODS: In this cross sectional study all subjects who were registered to forensic medicine center of Tehran, Iran, from 2009 to 2014, as a case of sudden death following exercise were evaluated...
2016: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Paula Dutka
Huddles are a wonderful team-building tool to enhance team function and efficiency. The Institute of Medicine (2011) report, The Future of Nursing--Leading Change, Advancing Health, identifies the need for collaborative healthcare teams. This is based on 14 years of research and evidence. Creating a team culture is identified as being essential to delivering high-quality patient care. Huddles are easy to complete and don't cost anything but a few minutes that are well worth their while! It's not often we get an opportunity to do so much with so little...
March 2016: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
Tomas F Fernandez-Jaén, Guillermo Álvarez Rey, Jordi Ardevol Cuesta, Rafael Arriaza Loureda, Fernando Ávila España, Ramón Balius Matas, Fernando Baró Pazos, Juan de Dios Beas Jiménez, Jorge Candel Rosell, César Cobián Fernandez, Francisco Esparza Ros, Josefina Espejo Colmenero, Jorge Fernández de Prado, Juan José García Cota, Jose Ignacio Garrido González, Manuela González Santander, Miguel Ángel Herrador Munilla, Francisco Ivorra Ruiz, Fernando Jiménez Díaz, Pedro Manonelles Marqueta, Antonio Maestro Fernandez, Juan José Muñoz Benito, Ramón Olivé Vilás, Xavier Peirau Teres, José Peña Amaro, Juan Pérez San Roque, Christophe Ramírez Parenteu, Juan Ribas Serna, Mikel Sánchez Álvarez, Carlos Sanchez Marchori, Miguel Del Valle Soto, José María Villalón Alonso, Pedro Guillen García, Nicolas Hugo de la Iglesia, Juan Manuel Lopez Alcorocho
On the 21st of March, 2015, experts met at Clínica CEMTRO in Madrid, Spain, under the patronage of The Spanish Society for Sports Traumatology (SETRADE), The Spanish Federation of Sports Medicine (FEMEDE), The Spanish Association of Medical Services for Football Clubs (AEMEF), and The Spanish Association of Medical Services for Basketball Clubs (AEMB) with the aim of establishing a round table that would allow specialists to consider the most appropriate current general actions to be taken when treating muscle tears in sport, based on proven scientific data described in the medical literature...
December 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Robert C Lynall, Michael D Clark, Erin E Grand, Jaclyn C Stucker, Ashley C Littleton, Alain J Aguilar, Meredith A Petschauer, Elizabeth F Teel, Jason P Mihalik
INTRODUCTION: There are limited nonlaboratory soccer head impact biomechanics data. This is surprising given soccer's global popularity. Epidemiological data suggest that female college soccer players are at a greater concussion injury risk than their male counterparts. Therefore, the purposes of our study were to quantify head impact frequency and magnitude during women's soccer practices and games in the National Collegiate Athletic Association and to characterize these data across event type, playing position, year on the team, and segment of game (first and second halves)...
September 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kevin Schleich, Tyler Slayman, Douglas West, Kyle Smoot
OBJECTIVE: To outline a 4-phase progressive program that safely and successfully enabled athletes to return to sport without recurrence of exertional rhabdomyolysis symptoms. BACKGROUND: In January 2011, a large cluster of National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I football athletes were evaluated and treated for exertional rhabdomyolysis. After the athletes were treated, the athletic trainers and sports medicine providers were challenged to develop a safe return-to-play program because of the lack of specific reports in the medical literature to direct such activities...
May 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Scott L Zuckerman, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Thomas A Buckley, Gary S Solomon, Allen K Sills, Zachary Y Kerr
OBJECTIVE Sport-related concussion (SRC) has emerged as a public health problem, especially among student-athletes. Whereas most concussions resolve by 2 weeks, a minority of patients experience postconcussion syndrome (PCS), in which symptoms persist for months. The objective of this study was to elucidate factors predictive of PCS among a sample of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) student-athletes in the academic years 2009-2010 to 2014-2015. METHODS The SRC data originated from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) in the 2009-2010 to 2014-2015 academic seasons...
April 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
Tim Braun, Leamor Kahanov, Kathleen Dannelly, Christine Lauber
PURPOSE: Position papers offer solutions to manage community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA), yet few studies establish the infection rate, management protocols, and referral practices among student-athletes. Over the 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 school years, we assessed the annual CA-MRSA infection incidence, sport risk, referral practices, and management steps among high school and intercollegiate athletics. METHODS: This study targeted high school and intercollegiate athletic programs in the Northeastern United States...
August 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Marco Beato, Franco M Impellizzeri, Giuseppe Coratella, Federico Schena
There is a strong relationship between low physical activity level and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The popularity of football may be used to promote physical activity and previous evidence has shown it is effective to decrease the risk of CVD. However, the energy expenditure (EE) of recreational football is not well known but it is crucial to develop preventive health programmes. Fifteen sedentary middle-aged male participants were involved (mean ± SDs; age 43.9 ± 3.1 years, weight 83.0 ± 13.6 kg, height 174...
March 28, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Martin Hägglund, Markus Waldén, Jan Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: Previous injury is a well-documented risk factor for football injury. The time trends and patterns of recurrent injuries at different playing levels are not clear. AIM: To compare recurrent injury proportions, incidences and patterns between different football playing levels, and to study time trends in recurrent injury incidence. METHODS: Time-loss injuries were collected from injury surveillance of 43 top-level European professional teams (240 team-seasons), 19 Swedish premier division teams (82 team-seasons) and 10 Swedish amateur teams (10 team-seasons)...
June 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Giuseppe Lippi, Mariella Dipalo, Ruggero Buonocore, Cecilia Gnocchi, Rosalia Aloe, Roberto Delsignore
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to investigate whether measurement of free testosterone and cortisol in saliva is a reliable alternative to their assessment in serum for monitoring physical fitness in professional athletes. METHODS: We studied 25 members of the soccer team Parma F.C., playing in Italian major football league. Blood and saliva samples were collected at fasting, before a regular training session. Cortisol, total and free testosterone, as well as the ratio between free testosterone and cortisol, were assessed in paired serum and saliva samples, and their results were compared...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
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