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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812193/cost-analysis-of-robot-assisted-choledochotomy-and-common-bile-duct-exploration-as-an-option-for-complex-choledocholithiasis
#1
Ahmed Almamar, Nawar A Alkhamesi, Ward T Davies, Christopher M Schlachta
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of elective, robot-assisted choledochotomy and common bile duct exploration (RCD/CBDE) compared to open surgery for ERCP refractory choledocholithiasis. METHOD: A prospective database of all RCD/CBDE has been maintained since our first procedure in April 2007 though April 2016. With ethics approval, this database was compared with all contemporaneous elective open procedures (OCD/CBDE) performed since March 2005...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796069/assessment-of-therapeutic-response-in-crohn-s-disease-using-quantitative-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-dce-mri-parameters-a-preliminary-study
#2
Jianguo Zhu, Faming Zhang, Jinfa Zhou, Haige Li
The aim of the study was to investigate dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) as a potential marker to assess the therapeutic responses of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and to determine the parameter or combination of parameters most strongly associated with changes in clinical indicators after treatment.In 22 CD patients, DCE-MRI was performed with a 3.0T scanner. Parameters of DCE-MRI (vascular transfer constant [K] and blood volume [BV]) in the terminal ileum were compared between before and day 90 after FMT treatment...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753178/caesarean-section-on-the-risk-of-celiac-disease-in-the-offspring-the-teddy-study
#3
Sibylle Koletzko, Hye-Seung Lee, Andreas Beyerlein, Carin A Aronsson, Michael Hummel, Edwin Liu, Ville Simell, Kalle Kurppa, Åke Lernmark, William Hagopian, Marian Rewers, Jin-Xiong She, Olli Simell, Jorma Toppari, Anette-G Ziegler, Jeffrey Krischer, Daniel Agardh
OBJECTIVE: Caesarean section (C-section) is associated with various immune-mediated diseases in the offspring. We investigated the relationship between mode of delivery and celiac disease (CD) and CD autoimmunity (CDA) in a multinational birth cohort. METHODS: From 2004 to 2010 infants from the general population who tested positive for HLA DR3-DQ2 or DR4-DQ8 were enrolled in The Environmental Determinants for Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. Children were annually screened for transglutaminase autoantibodies, if positive re-tested after 3-6 months and those persistently positive defined as CDA...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741684/how-does-mandibular-bone-atrophy-influence-the-masticatory-function-ohrqol-and-satisfaction-in-overdenture-wearers-clinical-results-until-1-year-post-loading
#4
Raissa Micaella Marcello-Machado, Fernanda Faot, Alessandra Julie Schuster, Amália Machado Bielemann, Otacílio Luiz Chagas Júnior, Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury
This longitudinal clinical study investigated the differences in the masticatory function (MF), satisfaction and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) between atrophic patients (AP) and non-atrophic patients (NAP) before and after rehabilitation with mandibular overdenture (MO). Twenty-six complete denture (CD) wearers were categorized into two groups, according to the mandibular bone atrophy (MBA) degree. MF was evaluated before and after 1, 3, 6 and 12 months of the MO loading via 2 standardized tests: i) MP, masticatory performance (MP_X50, MPB, ME 5...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721615/phycoremediation-potential-of-marine-microalga-tetraselmis-indica-on-secondary-treated-domestic-sewage-for-nutrient-removal-and-biodiesel-production
#5
Amit, Rajesh Chandra, Uttam Kumar Ghosh, Jagdeep Kumar Nayak
Marine microalga Tetraselmis indica (T. indica) was cultivated in secondary treated domestic sewage (STDS) in batch mode. Optimization studies showed that after 14 days of cultivation period, highest biomass yield reached was 0.88 ± 0.04 g/L at the optimum temperature of 27 ± 1 °C and light intensity of 135 μmol m(-2) s(-1). T. indica removed about 60.93% phosphate, 78.46% nitrate, 72.94% chemical oxygen demand (COD), 73.17% biological oxygen demand (BOD), 98.90% total dissolved solids (TDS) and heavy metals (83...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718999/resilience-is-decreased-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-associated-with-symptoms-and-cortisol-response
#6
S H Park, B D Naliboff, W Shih, A P Presson, E J Videlock, T Ju, L Kilpatrick, A Gupta, E A Mayer, L Chang
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a stress-sensitive disorder associated with early adverse life events (EALs) and a dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Resilience is the ability to recover and adapt positively to stress but has not been well studied in IBS. The aims of this study are to compare resilience in IBS and healthy controls (HCs) and to assess its relationships with IBS symptom severity, quality of life (QOL), EALs, and HPA axis response. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-six subjects (154 IBS, 102 HCs) completed questionnaires for resilience (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale [CD-RISC] and Brief Resilience Scale [BRS]), IBS symptoms, IBS-QOL, and EALs...
July 18, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717272/have-we-overcome-the-complications-of-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-a-prospective-cohort-study-using-the-modified-clavien-dindo-scale
#7
Tapan Agrawal, Rajeev Kumar, Prabhjot Singh, Ashish Saini, Amlesh Seth, Premnath Dogra
INTRODUCTION: Apart from the complexity of procedure and surgeon's experience, surgical complication rates depend on case definition and method of recording data. We prospectively evaluated the complications of laparoscopic nephrectomy (LN) in a current cohort of patients, graded on the modified Clavien-Dindo (CD) scale and compared them with historical cohorts. METHODS: In the Institutional Review Board approved protocol, all patients undergoing LN over a 30-month were enrolled in the study...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714774/small-sided-games-in-elite-soccer-does-one-size-fits-all
#8
Mathieu Lacome, Ben M Simpson, Yannick Cholley, Philippe Lambert, Martin Buchheit
PURPOSE: To compare the peak intensity of typical Small Sided Games (SSGs) with those of official matches in terms of running demands and mechanical work over different rolling average durations and playing positions. METHOD: Data were collected in 21 players (25±5 y, 181±7 cm, 77±7 kg) belonging to an elite French football team. SSG data were collected over two seasons during typical training sessions (249 files, 12±4 per player) and official matches (n=12)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702857/protein-kinase-c-and-cardiac-dysfunction-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Raphael M Singh, Emanuel Cummings, Constantinos Pantos, Jaipaul Singh
Heart failure (HF) is a physiological state in which cardiac output is insufficient to meet the needs of the body. It is a clinical syndrome characterized by impaired ability of the left ventricle to either fill or eject blood efficiently. HF is a disease of multiple aetiologies leading to progressive cardiac dysfunction and it is the leading cause of deaths in both developed and developing countries. HF is responsible for about 73,000 deaths in the UK each year. In the USA, HF affects 5.8 million people and 550,000 new cases are diagnosed annually...
July 12, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696085/does-fibroids-surgery-by-endoscopy-or-laparotomy-represent-a-malignancy-threat
#10
Liselotte Mettler, Khulkar Abdusattarova, Ibrahim Alkatout
BACKGROUND: 1) to estimate the incidence of unsuspected uterine sarcoma in patients after myomectomies and hysterectomies for benign uterine fibroids. 2) to assessed the incidence of uterine sarcomas among patient who had uterine fibroids or a suspicion of uterine sarcoma before undergoing the surgical procedures. METHODS: Retrospective study in single center university hospital. Patient 's records with uterine fibroids and uterine sarcoma from 2003 to 2015 collected...
July 10, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687159/15-years-of-the-histopathological-synovitis-score-further-development-and-review-a-diagnostic-score-for-rheumatology-and-orthopaedics
#11
REVIEW
V Krenn, G Perino, W Rüther, V T Krenn, M Huber, T Hügle, A Najm, S Müller, F Boettner, F Pessler, W Waldstein, J Kriegsmann, R Casadonte, T Häupl, S Wienert, M G Krukemeyer, S Sesselmann, S Sunitsch, R Tikhilov, L Morawietz
The histopathological synovitis score evaluates the immunological and inflammatory changes of synovitis in a graduated manner generally customary for diagnostic histopathological scores. The score results from semiquantitative evaluation of the width of the synovial surface cell layer, the cell density of the stroma and the density of the inflammatory infiltration into 4 semiquantitative levels (normal 0, mild 1, moderate 2, severe 3). The addition of these values results in a final score of 0-9 out of 9. On the basis of this summation the condition is divided into low-grade synovitis and high-grade synovitis: A synovitis score of 1 to≤4 is called low-grade synovitis (arthrosis-associated/OA synovitis, posttraumatic synovitis, meniscopathy-associated synovitis and synovitis with haemochromatosis)...
August 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664837/rituximab-for-the-treatment-of-membranous-nephropathy-a-single-center-experience
#12
Andreja Aleš Rigler, Alexander Jerman, Aleša Orsag, Nika Kojc, Damjan Kovač, Andrej Škoberne, Špela Borštnar, Željka Večerić Haler, Nuša Avguštin, Radoslav Kveder, Dušan Ferluga, Alenka Vizjak, Jelka Lindič
BACKGROUND: Treatment of idiopathic membranous nephropathy with rituximab was introduced more than a decade ago following experimental data that suggested involvement of B-cell-mediated reactions in its pathogenesis. It was a logical step towards a more selective therapy with less severe side effects as compared to the recommended first-line immunosuppressive therapy with corticosteroids and different immunosuppressant drugs. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the anonymous data of patients who were treated with rituximab for idiopathic membranous nephropathy at our institution from January 2006 to July 2016...
2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649565/increasing-regional-anesthesia-use-in-a-serbian-teaching-hospital-through-an-international-collaboration
#13
REVIEW
Curtis L Baysinger, Borislava Pujic, Ivan Velickovic, Medge D Owen, Joanna Serafin, Matthew S Shotwell, Ferne Braveman
Many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) report low rates of regional anesthesia (RA) use for cesarean delivery (CD), despite its association with lower maternal major morbidity and mortality. Also, the prevalence of neuraxial analgesia for labor (NAL) is often low in LMICs. We report on the results of a collaboration in clinical education over a multi-year period between Kybele Inc., an international non-profit organization, and Klinicki Centar Vojvodine (CCV), a teaching hospital in Novi Sad, Serbia, to increase RA use for CD and NAL at CCV...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648257/a-capillary-micellar-electrokinetic-chromatography-method-for-the-stereoselective-quantitation-of-bioallethrin-in-biotic-and-abiotic-samples
#14
Mª Ángeles García, Nuria Menéndez-López, Karina Boltes, María Castro-Puyana, Mª Luisa Marina
A capillary micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) method was developed enabling the stereoselective separation of the insecticide bioallethrin. The use of sodium deoxycholate bile salt and acetyl-β-cyclodextrin (acetyl-β-CD) made possible the separation of bioallethrin stereoisomers with a high enantioresolution (7.4) in a short analysis time (6.5min). The analytical characteristics of the developed method were evaluated in terms of linearity, accuracy, precision, and limits of detection (LOD) and quantitation (LOQ) showing a good performance for the quantitation of bioallethrin stereoisomers with LODs of 0...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647007/childhood-psychiatric-disorders-as-risk-factor-for-subsequent-substance-abuse-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Annabeth P Groenman, Tieme W P Janssen, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prospective risk of developing substance-related disorders after childhood mental health disorders (i.e., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD] or conduct disorder [CD], anxiety disorder, and depression) using meta-analysis. METHOD: PubMed, Embase, and PsycInfo were searched for relevant longitudinal studies that described childhood (<18 years old) ADHD, ODD or CD, anxiety, or depression in relation to later alcohol-, nicotine-, or drug-related disorders or substance use disorders (SUDs) published in peer-reviewed journals in the English language from 1986 to May 2016...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635089/comparison-of-fall-related-traumatic-brain-injury-in-residential-aged-care-and-community-dwelling-older-people-a-population-based-study
#16
Lara A Harvey, Rebecca Mitchell, Henry Brodaty, Brian Draper, Jacqueline Ct Close
OBJECTIVE: To compare trends, causes, and outcomes of fall-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) between community-dwelling (CD) individuals and residential aged care facility (RACF) residents. METHODS: Hospitalisation and RACF administrative data for 6635 individuals aged ≥65 years admitted to all NSW hospitals for fall-related TBI from 2008-2009 to 2012-2013 were linked. RESULTS: Of the 6944 hospitalisations, 20.8% were for RACF residents...
June 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631133/bone-density-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-observation-from-south-india
#17
Shiraz Salim Khan, Sagar S Patil
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) frequently manifests in the second and third decades of life. Malnutrition and corticosteroid therapy may affect bone mineralization and delay bone growth. Our aim was to study bone mineral density and factors associated low bone mineral density (BMD) in pediatric CD. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study in children with CD (aged 5 to <18 years) was done. Demographic and treatment details were noted. Vitamin D levels <20 ng/mL were considered as deficiency...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628837/the-influence-of-essential-oils-from-xiang-fu-si-wu-decoction-on-its-non-volatile-components-and-its-application-for-pharmacokinetics-in-normal-rats
#18
Ying Pan, Dawei Qian, Pei Liu, Yang Zhang, Zhenhua Zhu, Li Zhang, Jin-Ao Duan
Xiang-Fu-Si-Wu Decoction (XFSWD) has been used to treat gynecology diseases in clinical practice for hundreds of years in China, especially for primary dysmenorrheal of QiZhi Type. In previous researches, both essential oils (XEO) and non-volatile components (NXEO) extracted from XFSWD showed significant pharmacological activities, but the influence of XEO on NXEO was unclear. The purpose of this paper was to develop a validated analytical method for simultaneous determination of ten components including Vanillic acid, Ferulic acid, Caffeic acid, Gallic acid, Paeoniflorin, Albiflorin, Tetrahydropalmatine, Protopine, Berberine and Tetrahydrocolumbamine, and to compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of these components to illustrate the influences of XEO on NXEO in normal rats...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628796/evaluation-of-cd-cr-cu-ni-and-pb-in-selected-cosmetic-products-from-jordanian-sudanese-and-syrian-markets
#19
A M Massadeh, M Y El-Khateeb, S M Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: There is no sufficient data that evaluate heavy metal content in cosmetic products in Jordan as well as Sudan and Syria. This study aims to assess metal levels which include Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni), and Lead (Pb) in cosmetic products. These elements have draft limits because they are identified as potential impurities and are known to be toxic. This study aims to provide information to the population that may be beneficial to public health. STUDY DESIGN: Samples were collected from different brands obtained from markets in Jordan, Sudan, and Syria...
June 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600366/optimal-timing-for-elective-caesarean-delivery-in-a-chinese-population-a-large-hospital-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-shanghai
#20
Yong Hu, Hong Shen, Mark B Landon, Weiwei Cheng, Xiaohua Liu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the timing of antepartum elective caesarean delivery (CD) at term and perinatal outcomes in a Chinese population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of mode of delivery at a large obstetric centre in Shanghai, China between 2007 and 2014. Eligibility criteria included: term nulliparous women with a singleton gestation undergoing antepartum elective CD. RESULTS: There were 19 939 women delivered by antepartum CD without indications, with 5...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
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