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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635089/comparison-of-fall-related-traumatic-brain-injury-in-residential-aged-care-and-community-dwelling-older-people-a-population-based-study
#1
Lara A Harvey, Rebecca Mitchell, Henry Brodaty, Brian Draper, Jacqueline Ct Close
OBJECTIVE: To compare trends, causes, and outcomes of fall-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) between community-dwelling (CD) individuals and residential aged care facility (RACF) residents. METHODS: Hospitalisation and RACF administrative data for 6635 individuals aged ≥65 years admitted to all NSW hospitals for fall-related TBI from 2008-2009 to 2012-2013 were linked. RESULTS: Of the 6944 hospitalisations, 20.8% were for RACF residents...
June 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631133/bone-density-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-observation-from-south-india
#2
Shiraz Salim Khan, Sagar S Patil
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) frequently manifests in the second and third decades of life. Malnutrition and corticosteroid therapy may affect bone mineralization and delay bone growth. Our aim was to study bone mineral density and factors associated low bone mineral density (BMD) in pediatric CD. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study in children with CD (aged 5 to <18 years) was done. Demographic and treatment details were noted. Vitamin D levels <20 ng/mL were considered as deficiency...
June 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628837/the-influence-of-essential-oils-from-xiang-fu-si-wu-decoction-on-its-non-volatile-components-and-its-application-for-pharmacokinetics-in-normal-rats
#3
Ying Pan, Dawei Qian, Pei Liu, Yang Zhang, Zhenhua Zhu, Li Zhang, Jin-Ao Duan
Xiang-Fu-Si-Wu Decoction (XFSWD) has been used to treat gynecology diseases in clinical practice for hundreds of years in China, especially for primary dysmenorrheal of QiZhi Type. In previous researches, both essential oils (XEO) and non-volatile components (NXEO) extracted from XFSWD showed significant pharmacological activities, but the influence of XEO on NXEO was unclear. The purpose of this paper was to develop a validated analytical method for simultaneous determination of ten components including Vanillic acid, Ferulic acid, Caffeic acid, Gallic acid, Paeoniflorin, Albiflorin, Tetrahydropalmatine, Protopine, Berberine and Tetrahydrocolumbamine, and to compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of these components to illustrate the influences of XEO on NXEO in normal rats...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628796/evaluation-of-cd-cr-cu-ni-and-pb-in-selected-cosmetic-products-from-jordanian-sudanese-and-syrian-markets
#4
A M Massadeh, M Y El-Khateeb, S M Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: There is no sufficient data that evaluate heavy metal content in cosmetic products in Jordan as well as Sudan and Syria. This study aims to assess metal levels which include Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni), and Lead (Pb) in cosmetic products. These elements have draft limits because they are identified as potential impurities and are known to be toxic. This study aims to provide information to the population that may be beneficial to public health. STUDY DESIGN: Samples were collected from different brands obtained from markets in Jordan, Sudan, and Syria...
June 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600366/optimal-timing-for-elective-caesarean-delivery-in-a-chinese-population-a-large-hospital-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-shanghai
#5
Yong Hu, Hong Shen, Mark B Landon, Weiwei Cheng, Xiaohua Liu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the timing of antepartum elective caesarean delivery (CD) at term and perinatal outcomes in a Chinese population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of mode of delivery at a large obstetric centre in Shanghai, China between 2007 and 2014. Eligibility criteria included: term nulliparous women with a singleton gestation undergoing antepartum elective CD. RESULTS: There were 19 939 women delivered by antepartum CD without indications, with 5...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598298/efficacy-of-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-in-complicated-crohn-s-disease
#6
Qingfan Yang, Xiang Gao, Huiping Chen, Miao Li, Xiaojian Wu, Min Zhi, Ping Lan, Pinjin Hu
AIM: To investigate the efficacy of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) in induction of remission in adult active Crohn's disease (CD) complicated with intestinal fistula/abdominal abscess or inflammatory intestinal stricture. METHOD: Patients diagnosed with active CD with complications were recruited between July 2013 and July 2015. Patients were offered EEN for 12 weeks. Patients with abscess received antibiotic treatment with or without percutaneous drainage. Clinical variables were recorded (ClinicalTrials...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593541/assessment-and-potential-sources-of-metals-in-the-surface-sediments-of-the-yellow-river-delta-eastern-china
#7
Qingli Cheng, Guangyan Lou, Wenhai Huang, Xudong Li
The Yellow River Delta is the most intact estuary wetland in China and suffers from great pressure of metals. Seventy-seven surface sediment samples were collected in the delta, and contents of Cu, Pb, Cd, Cr, Zn, Ni, and Mn were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma spectrometry and those of Hg and As by atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The results showed that means of metal contents (ppm, dry weight) were as follows: Hg, 0.04; Cr, 61.72; Cu, 20.97; Zn, 60.73; As, 9.47; Pb, 21.91; Cd, 0.12; Ni, 27.24; and Mn, 540...
June 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587946/new-approach-for-the-quantification-of-metallic-species-in-healthcare-products-based-on-optical-switching-of-a-schiff-base-possessing-ono-donor-set
#8
Jaswant Singh, Jyoti Parkash, Varinder Kaur, Raghubir Singh
A new method is reported for the quantification of some metallic components of healthcare products utilizing a Schiff base chelator derived from 2-hydroxyacetophenone and ethanolamine. The Schiff base chelator recognizes some metallic species such as iron, copper and zinc (important components of some healthcare products), and cadmium (common contaminant in healthcare products) giving colorimetric/fluorimetric response. It coordinates with Fe(2+)/Fe(3+) and Cu(2+) ions via ONO donor set and switches the colour to bright red, green and orange, respectively...
May 30, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538319/reliability-and-accuracy-of-a-standardized-shallow-water-running-test-to-determine-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#9
Elizabeth F Nagle, Mary E Sanders, Bethany B Gibbs, Barry A Franklin, Jacquelyn A Nagle, Philip J Prins, Caleb D Johnson, Robert J Robertson
Nagle, EF, Sanders, ME, Gibbs, BB, Franklin, BA, Nagle, JA, Prins, PJ, Johnson, CD, and Robertson, RJ. Reliability and accuracy of a standardized shallow water running test to determine cardiorespiratory fitness. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1669-1677, 2017-A standardized fitness assessment is critical for the development of an individualized exercise prescription. Although the benefits of aquatic exercise have been well established, there remains the need for a standardized nonswimming protocol to accurately assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in shallow water...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526449/predictors-of-vaginal-delivery-in-medically-indicated-early-preterm-induction-of-labor
#10
Rachel A Sievert, Spencer G Kuper, Victoria C Jauk, Melissa Parrish, Joseph R Biggio, Lorie M Harper
BACKGROUND: When delivery is indicated prior to 34 weeks, many providers perform a cesarean delivery rather than induce labor based on perceptions of a high failure rate. Given the morbidity of cesarean delivery, an accurate estimate of the success rate and factors associated with success in preterm induction of labor is important in management decisions. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a prediction model for successful induction of labor in preterm patients using factors known at the time the decision is made to deliver...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521472/cd117-expression-is-a-predictive-marker-for-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Tomohiko Sakabe, Junya Azumi, Tomohiro Haruki, Yoshihisa Umekita, Hiroshige Nakamura, Goshi Shiota
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for >85% of incidences of lung cancer, for which the predicted 5-year survival rates are low and recurrence rates remain high. Although it has been reported that the patients with SCLC cells that possess the cluster of differentiation (CD) 117 marker exhibited poor prognosis and poor response to chemotherapy, no studies concerning the association of CD117 expression with prognosis of the patients with NSCLC have been reported. An in vitro study reportedly revealed that CD117-positive cell populations in NSCLC cell lines exhibited cancer stem cell (CSC) phenotypes including self-renewal and chemoresistance...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488225/distribution-and-bioaccessibility-of-metals-in-urban-soils-of-kumasi-ghana
#12
Godfred Darko, Matt Dodd, Marian Asantewah Nkansah, Eugene Ansah, Yaw Aduse-Poku
To assess the potential risk associated with incidental ingestion of metal contaminants in soils from areas where most of the commercial activities are concentrated in Kumasi, Ghana, total and bioaccessible concentrations of metals were determined in surface soil samples. Arsenic, Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn in some of the samples exceeded international environmental soil quality guidelines. The use of geoaccumulation and enrichment factor indices also indicated high contamination in select areas of the commercial hub...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470440/-fifteen%C3%A2-years-of-the-histopathological-synovitis-score-review-and-further-developments-of%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-diagnostic-score
#13
REVIEW
V Krenn, G Perino, W Rüther, V T Krenn, M Huber, T Hügle, A Najm, S Müller, F Boettner, F Pessler, W Waldstein, J Kriegsmann, T Häupl, S Wienert, M G Krukemeyer, S Sesselmann, R Tikhilov, L Morawietz
The histopathological synovitis score evaluates in a graded approach, as is largely usual for diagnostic histopathological scores, the immunological and inflammatory changes caused by synovitis. A synovitis score of between 1 and ≤ 4 is classified as low-grade (osteoarthritis-related synovitis, post-traumatic synovitis, meniscopathy-related synovitis and synovitis in hemochromatosis). Synovitis scores of between ≥ 5 and 9 are classified as high-grade synovitis (rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, Lyme's arthritis, post-infection/reactive arthritis and peripheral arthritis in Bechterew disease); sensitivity is 61...
May 3, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454269/bone-marrow-derived-dendritic-cells-under-influence-of-experimental-breast-cancer-and-physical-activity
#14
Douglas R Abdalla, Bruno B M Gomes, Eddie F C Murta, Márcia A Michelin
Immune cells are required in the immune response against tumours, although sometimes without success. The present study aimed to investigate dendritic cell (DC) maturation in animals with induced immunosuppression that were subjected to physical activity (PA). Immunosuppression was induced using 7,12-dimethyl-benzanthracene (DMBA). A total of 56 Balb/c mice were divided into four groups, including the control group, non-DMBA administered/PA group (GII), DMBA administered/non-PA group (GIII) and the DMBA administered/PA group (GIV)...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411431/simultaneous-removal-of-cd-ii-ni-ii-pb-ii-and-cu-ii-ions-via-their-complexation-with-hbansa-based-on-a-combined-ultrasound-assisted-and-cloud-point-adsorption-method-using-csg-bipo4-fepo4-as-novel-adsorbent-faas-detection-and-optimization-process
#15
Shadi Kheirandish, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Kheibar Dashtian, Ramin Jannesar, Morteza Montazerozohori, Faezeh Pourebrahim, Mohammad Ali Zare
Ultrasound irradiation, cloud point and adsorption methods were coupled to develop a new technique for the simultaneous removal of Cd(II), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions after their complexation with (E)-4-((2-hydroxybenzylidene) amino) naphthalene-1-sulfonic acid (HBANSA). In order to reduce cost and improve practicability of process, chitosan gel (CSG) composited with bismuth(III) phosphate/iron(III) phosphate nanoparticles (CSG-BiPO4/FePO4) were hydrothermally synthesized followed by their characterization using FE-SEM, EDS and XRD analysis...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407309/cadmium-exposure-and-osteoporosis-a-population-based-study-and-benchmark-dose-estimation-in-southern-china
#16
Yingjian Lv, Ping Wang, Rui Huang, Xuxia Liang, Peng Wang, Jianbin Tan, Zihui Chen, Zhongjun Dun, Jing Wang, Qi Jiang, Shixuan Wu, Haituan Ling, Zhixue Li, Xingfen Yang
This study aimed to assess the association between osteoporosis and long-term environmental Cd exposure through diet in southern China. A total of 1116 subjects from a Cd-polluted area and a non-Cd-polluted area were investigated. All subjects met the criteria of having been living in the investigated area for more than 15 years and lived on a subsistence diet of rice and vegetables grown in that area. Besides bone mineral density, the levels of urinary markers of early renal impairment, such as urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), α1 -microglobulin, β2 -microglobulin, and urinary albumin, were also determined...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402136/survey-of-discomfort-glare-from-the-headlamps-of-cars-widely-used-in-iran
#17
Ahmad Mehri, Somayeh Farhang Dehghan, Roohalah Hajizadeh, Seyed Abolfazl Zakerian, Hamzeh Mohammadi, Milad Abbasi
OBJECTIVE: On 2-lane roads, discomfort glare can cause annoyance, discomfort, inconvenience, stress, and fatigue to drivers, posing a risk of accidents. The aim of this study is to evaluate discomfort glare from the headlamps of cars widely used in Iran. METHODS: The discomfort glare of new vehicles including Pride Saba model GTX, Pride Model 131SL, Samand Soren, Peugeot 405, Megane, and Peugeot Pars was examined at distances of 5 to 100 m at a background luminance of 50 cd/m(2) (late twilight/early dawn lighting) and 1 cd/m(2) (nighttime) using Schmidt-Clausen and Bindels model and de Boer's subjective scale...
April 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387059/pouch-excision-indications-and-outcomes
#18
Amy L Lightner, Sheev Dattani, Eric J Dozois, Sara B Moncrief, John H Pemberton, Kellie L Mathis
INTRODUCTION: Resotrative proctolectomy (RPC) with Ileal-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the procedure of choice for ulcerative colitis. Unfortunately, up to 10% of pouches will fail, requiring either reconstruction or excision. While several series have reported on the aetiology of pouch failure, no study to date has focused on the postoperative complications associated with pouch excision. METHODS: Patients who had excision of ileoanal reservoir with ileostomy (CPT code 45136) were included...
April 7, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383546/mosaic-trisomy-16-what-are-the-obstetric-and-long-term-childhood-outcomes
#19
Teresa N Sparks, Kao Thao, Mary E Norton
PURPOSE: To evaluate obstetric and neonatal outcomes as well as long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes and quality of life among prenatally detected cases of mosaic trisomy (MT16) and confined placental mosaicism (CPM) for trisomy 16. METHODS: We recruited participants for this cross-sectional study through an international registry of families with children diagnosed with MT16 or CPM. Parents were interviewed about expectations based on prenatal counseling as well as about actual perinatal outcomes, congenital anomalies, medical conditions, and school progress...
April 6, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379745/endoscopic-skipping-of-the-terminal-ileum-in-pediatric-crohn-disease
#20
Ishrat Mansuri, Joel G Fletcher, David H Bruining, Amy B Kolbe, Jeff L Fidler, Sunil Samuel, Jeanne Tung
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric small-bowel (SB) Crohn disease (CD) may be missed if the terminal ileum (TI) appears normal at endoscopy and SB imaging is not performed. We sought to estimate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with CD and endoscopic skipping of the TI-that is, pediatric patients with active SB or upper gut inflammation and an endoscopically normal TI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included pediatric patients with CD who underwent both CT enterography (CTE) or MR enterography (MRE) and ileocolonoscopy within a 30-day period between July 2004 and April 2014...
April 5, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
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