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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909470/risk-of-fracture-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-systematic-literature-review-with-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
P Szafors, H Che, T Barnetche, J Morel, C Gaujoux-Viala, B Combe, C Lukas
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are associated with a decreased bone mineral density, but the impact on fractures is unknown. In our study, global risk of fracture is increased for patients with IBDs versus controls. This result will help to determine the appropriate assessment with early screening and management of osteoporosis. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), such as Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are associated with a decreased bone mineral density (BMD). However, the impact on fracture risk is unknown and data are contradictory across studies...
June 16, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875286/surviving-ectopic-cushing-s-syndrome-quality-of-life-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-outcomes-in-comparison-to-cushing-s-disease-during-long-term-follow-up
#2
Andrea Osswald, Timo Deutschbein, Christina Maria Berr, Eva Plomer, Anne Mickisch, Katrin Ritzel, Jochen Schopohl, Felix Beuschlein, Martin Fassnacht, Stefanie Hahner, Martin Reincke
OBJECTIVE Aim of our study was to analyze long-term outcome of patients with the ectopic Cushing's syndrome (ECS) compared to patients with Cushing's disease (CD) regarding cardiovascular, metabolic, musculoskeletal and psychiatric co-morbidities. DESIGN Cross-sectional study in patients with ECS and CD in two German academic tertiary-care centers. METHODS Standardized clinical follow-up examination was performed including health-related quality of life (QoL) in 21 ECS patients in long-term remission (≥ 18 months since successful surgery)...
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849587/increased-frequency-of-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura-in-coeliac-disease-and-vice-versa-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
Stefano Bibbò, Claudio Fozza, Giovanni Mario Pes, Rodrigo Rojas, Roberto Manetti, Maria Pina Dore
Introduction: Coeliac disease (CD) and immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) are immune conditions, often associated with other immune disorders. In recent years, increasing attention has been directed towards the association between ITP and CD. Aim: To investigate the frequency of ITP in CD patients and vice versa and to assess the risk of their association. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective observational study. All consecutive patients with CD or ITP attending our department were enrolled between January 2016 and December 2017...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804255/preparation-and-characterization-of-cs-%C3%AE-cd-nano-zno-composite-porous-membrane-optimized-by-box-behnken-for-the-adsorption-of-congo-red
#4
Xuechao Yan, Xiaoping Zhang, Qian Li
In this paper, an effective chitosan/beta-cyclodextrin/nanometer zinc oxide (CS/β-CD/Nano-ZnO) composite porous membrane was synthesized by sol-gel and polymer-assisted inverting method. Preparation conditions of CS/β-CD/Nano-ZnO were investigated by single-factor and Box-Behnken response surface methodology optimizing triethoxyvinylsilane (JH-V151), beta-cyclodextrin (β-CD), and nanometer zinc oxide (Nano-ZnO), and applied to study the adsorption characteristics of Cong red (CR) from aqueous solution using batch experiments...
May 26, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803449/effect-of-high-intensity-ultrasound-on-structure-and-foaming-properties-of-pea-protein-isolate
#5
Ting Xiong, Wenfei Xiong, Mengting Ge, Junhao Xia, Bin Li, Yijie Chen
The effects of high intensity ultrasound (HIUS, 20 kHz, at varying amplitude 30%, 60%, 90% for 30 min) on structure and foaming properties of pea protein isolate (PPI) were investigated. No significant change was observed from the electrophoresis profiles and circular dichroism (CD) spectrum. Analyses of fluorescence spectroscopy and the amount of free sulfhydryl groups showed that HIUS induced protein molecular partial unfolding. Furthermore, HIUS decreased particle size of PPI and increased exposed hydrophobicity, resulting in a reduction of the surface tension at the air-water interface...
July 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792533/efficacy-of-the-resilience-and-adjustment-intervention-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Jennifer H Marwitz, Adam P Sima, Ana Mills, Nancy H Hsu, Herman R Lukow
OBJECTIVE: Examine a psychoeducational and skill-building intervention's effectiveness for individuals after traumatic brain injury (TBI), using a two-arm, parallel, randomized, controlled trial with wait-listed control. METHODS: The Resilience and Adjustment Intervention (RAI) targets adjustment challenges and emphasizes education, skill-building and psychological support. Overall, 160 outpatients were randomly assigned to a treatment or wait-list control (WLC) group...
May 24, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790538/highly-efficient-bluish-green-organic-light-emitting-diodes-of-iridium-iii-complexes-with-low-efficiency-roll-off
#7
Ning Su, Zheng-Guang Wu, You-Xuan Zheng
Two novel iridium(iii) complexes Ir(BTBP)2mepzpy and Ir(BTBP)2phpzpy were successfully synthesized, in which 2',6'-bis(trifluoromethyl)-2,4'-bipyridine (BTBP) was used as the main ligand, and 2-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridine (mepzpy) and 2-(3-2-(3-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl))pyridine (phpzpy) were introduced as the ancillary ligands, respectively. Both Ir(iii) complexes displayed bluish green emission peaks at 486 and 487 nm with high quantum efficiencies of 0.73 and 0.69, respectively. The organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with the structure of ITO/HATCN (hexaazatriphenylenehexacarbonitrile, 5 nm)/TAPC (bis[4-(N,N-ditolylamino)-phenyl]cyclohexane, 40 nm)/Ir(BTBP)2mepzpy or Ir(BTBP)2phpzpy (10 wt%): 2,6-DCzPPy (2,6-bis(3-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)pyridine, 10 nm)/TmPyPB (1,3,5-tri[(3-pyridyl)-phen-3-yl]benzene, 30 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (100 nm) exhibited high efficiencies with low efficiency roll-off...
May 23, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770640/comparison-of-anterior-posterior-and-total-corneal-astigmatism-measured-using-a-single-scheimpflug-camera-in-healthy-and-keratoconus-eyes
#8
Young Choi, Youngsub Eom, Jong Suk Song, Hyo Myung Kim
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of posterior corneal astigmatism on the estimation of total corneal astigmatism using anterior corneal measurements (simulated keratometry [K]) between eyes with keratoconus and healthy eyes. METHODS: Thirty-three eyes of 33 patients with keratoconus of grade I or II and 33 eyes of 33 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects were enrolled. Anterior, posterior, and total corneal cylinder powers and flat meridians measured by a single Scheimpflug camera were analyzed...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763907/beyond-irritable-bowel-syndrome-the-efficacy-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-for-improving-symptoms-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-and-celiac-disease
#9
Anna Testa, Nicola Imperatore, Antonio Rispo, Matilde Rea, Raffaella Tortora, Olga Maria Nardone, Lucia Lucci, Grazia Accarino, Nicola Caporaso, Fabiana Castiglione
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To evaluate the usefulness of a low FODMAP (Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyols) diet on patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), non-active inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and celiac disease (CD) on a gluten-free diet (GFD). METHODS: Dietetic interventional prospective study. IBS, IBD, and CD subjects were evaluated to check if they fulfilled the Rome III criteria. Each subject was educated to follow a low FODMAP diet after being evaluated by filling out questionnaires that assessed the quality of life (QoL) and symptoms experienced (IBS-SSS and SF-36), and was reevaluated after 1 and 3 months...
May 15, 2018: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751165/no-association-between-consumption-of-sweetened-beverages-and-later-risk-of-crohn-s-disease-or-ulcerative-colitis
#10
Hamed Khalili, Niclas Hakansson, Simon S Chan, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Ola Olen, Andrew T Chan, Andrew R Hart, Alicja Wolk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Consumption of sweetened beverages has been associated with inflammation, based on measurements of C-reactive protein and tumor necrosis factor, as well as immune-mediated disorders including rheumatoid arthritis. We investigated associations with Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 83,042 participants (44-83 years old) enrolled in the Cohort of Swedish Men or the Swedish Mammography Study...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747286/-anti-cd-25-monoclonal-antibody-as-a-salvage-therapy-for-steroid-refractory-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-in-80-patients-receiving-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#11
T Tao, S L Xue, F Chen, Y Xu, X Ma, M Miao, X W Tang, D P Wu
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of anti-CD(25) monoclonal antibody for steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (SR-aGVHD) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients. Methods: A total of 80 patients with SR-aGVHD from January 1st 2012 to December 31st 20l6 were enrolled in this study. Acute GVHD were classified as classic aGVHD ( n= 72) and late-onset aGVHD ( n= 8). Anti-CD(25) monoclonal antibodys (mAb) were administrated on days 1, 4, 8, 15, and 22. The efficacy of anti-CD(25) mAb was evaluated at day 28 after the initial treatment...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740296/distinguishing-adolescents-with-conduct-disorder-from-typically-developing-youngsters-based-on-pattern-classification-of-brain-structural-mri
#12
Jianing Zhang, Weixiang Liu, Jing Zhang, Qiong Wu, Yidian Gao, Yali Jiang, Junling Gao, Shuqiao Yao, Bingsheng Huang
Background: Conduct disorder (CD) is a mental disorder diagnosed in childhood or adolescence that presents antisocial behaviors, and is associated with structural alterations in brain. However, whether these structural alterations can distinguish CD from healthy controls (HCs) remains unknown. Here, we quantified these structural differences and explored the classification ability of these quantitative features based on machine learning (ML). Materials and Methods: High-resolution 3D structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) was acquired from 60 CD subjects and 60 age-matched HCs...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738326/does-preoperative-enteral-or-parenteral-nutrition-reduce-postoperative-complications-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-a-meta-analysis
#13
Gregory T Brennan, Iris Ha, Christopher Hogan, Emily Nguyen, M M Jamal, Matthew L Bechtold, Douglas L Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: Crohn's disease (CD) patients frequently develop complications that require surgery for management. The high prevalence of malnutrition in CD patients presents a challenge because poor preoperative nutritional status has been shown to increase postoperative complications. In this study, we assessed whether preoperative enteral nutrition (EN) or total parenteral nutrition (TPN) decreases postoperative complications in CD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three-point systematic and comprehensive literature search was carried out on multiple databases followed by a meta-analysis with results presented as odds ratio (OR) using two models, the Mantel-Haenszel model and the DerSimonian and Laird model...
May 7, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734612/heavy-metals-and-lead-isotopes-in-soils-road-dust-and-leafy-vegetables-and-health-risks-via-vegetable-consumption-in-the-industrial-areas-of-shanghai-china
#14
Chunjuan Bi, Ya Zhou, Zhenlou Chen, Jinpu Jia, Xinyi Bao
Vegetable fields have a high risk of heavy metal contamination from pollution sources in suburban and industrial areas of cities. Eighty-seven soil samples, 106 leafy vegetables and 48 road dust samples were collected from industrial areas of Shanghai, China. We studied the levels of heavy metals, health risk through consumption of leafy vegetables, and sources of Pb in soils, road dust and leafy vegetables. Soil Cd, Zn, Pb, Cu, Hg and As concentrations exceeded the soil background values in 73.6%, 97.7%, 52...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734253/abundance-of-the-organic-anion-transporting-polypeptide-oatp4a1-in-early-stage-colorectal-cancer-patients-association-with-disease-relapse
#15
Veronika Buxhofer-Ausch, Maidah Sheikh, Christoph Ausch, Simone Zotter, Heike Bauer, Marina Mollik, Angelika Reiner, Andreas Gleiss, Walter Jäger, Christian Sebesta, Stephan Kriwanek, Theresia Thalhammer
The abundance of OATP4A1 in colorectal cancer (CRC) might be related to tumor progression. This was studied by immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded samples obtained from 178 patients (43 patients with a relapse within 5 y) with early-stage CRC. Positivity for OATP4A1 in tumor cells and noncancerous mucosal cells was proved by double-immunofluorescence staining with antibodies against OATP4A1 and keratin 8, whereas antibodies against appropriate CD markers were used to identify immune cells. Automated microscopic image analysis was used to measure the percentage of OATP4A1-positive cells and OATP4A1 staining intensity in tumor, immune, and adjacent normal-looking mucosal cells separately, as well as in the mucosal and immune cells of 14 nonmalignant tissue samples...
May 3, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730705/municipal-wastewater-treatment-potential-and-metal-accumulation-strategies-of-colocasia-esculenta-l-schott-and-typha-latifolia-l-in-a-constructed-wetland
#16
Vivek Rana, Subodh Kumar Maiti
This paper elucidates phytoremediation potential of two wetland plants (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott and Typha latifolia L.) for municipal wastewater treatment using constructed wetland (CW) mesocosms. The concentrations (mg L-1 ) of chemical oxygen demand (COD), total kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), Cu, Cd, Cr, Zn, and Pb in municipal wastewater were higher than permissible Indian standards for inland surface water disposal; however, Mn and Ni were within the permissible limits. The pollutant removal efficiencies of planted CWs varied as electrical conductivity (EC) 67...
May 5, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730520/miscanthus-accessions-distinctively-accumulate-cadmium-for-largely-enhanced-biomass-enzymatic-saccharification-by-increasing-hemicellulose-and-pectin-and-reducing-cellulose-cri-and-dp
#17
Shaozhe Cheng, Hua Yu, Meng Hu, Yue Wu, Liangliang Cheng, Qiuming Cai, Yuanyuan Tu, Tao Xia, Liangcai Peng
In this study, total eight distinct Miscanthus accessions were collected from the cadmium (Cd)-supplied soil pots, and mild alkali pretreatments (0.5%, 1% NaOH) were then performed to enhance biomass enzymatic saccharification. Due to large Cd accumulation, all Miscanthus accessions showed significantly reduced cellulose levels and features (CrI, DP) with much increased hemicellulose and pectin contents in the mature stems. Under mild alkali pretreatments, all Miscanthus samples exhibited largely increased hexoses yields released from enzymatic hydrolysis, and one desirable accession had an almost complete biomass saccharification with the hexoses yield at 100% (% cellulose)...
April 19, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723981/urinary-cadmium-threshold-to-prevent-kidney-disease-development
#18
Soisungwan Satarug, Werawan Ruangyuttikarn, Muneko Nishijo, Patricia Ruiz
The frequently observed association between kidney toxicity and long-term cadmium (Cd) exposure has long been dismissed and deemed not to be of clinical relevance. However, Cd exposure has now been associated with increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated the link that may exist between kidney Cd toxicity markers and clinical kidney function measure such as estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR). We analyzed data from 193 men to 202 women, aged 16−87 years [mean age 48...
May 1, 2018: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713981/effect-of-edta-and-citric-acid-on-absorption-of-heavy-metals-and-growth-of-moso-bamboo
#19
Xiaowei Zhang, Bin Zhong, Mohammad Shafi, Jia Guo, Chen Liu, Hua Guo, Danli Peng, Ying Wang, Dan Liu
The effect of EDTA and citric acid on accumulation, toxicity of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb), and growth of Moso bamboo was investigated in current experiment. The availability of heavy metals in soil and its uptake by plants has indicated toxicity. The results revealed that EDTA and citric acid has reduced biomass of Moso bamboo but non-significant difference in biomass was observed compared with control. Application of EDTA (10 mmol kg-1 ) has significantly improved copper (Cu) by 56.5 and 84.9% in roots and above ground parts of plants...
April 30, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708302/congenital-dysfibrinogenaemia-assessed-by-whole-blood-thromboelastography
#20
A Wei, L Liao, L Xiang, J Yan, W Yang, G Nai, M Luo, D Deng, F Lin
INTRODUCTION: Congenital dysfibrinogenaemia (CD) is a rare hereditary blood disorder, and thromboelastography (TEG) can comprehensively assess the clotting function of patients. However, only few studies have focussed on the application of TEG in CD. We aim to investigate the clinical value of TEG in congenital CD. METHODS: We performed TEG and routine coagulation tests, including plasma prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), functional fibrinogen (Fg) concentration (Clauss method) and Fg concentration (PT-derived method) tests, in 17 patients with CD (experimental group) and 28 healthy individuals (control group)...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
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