keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blunt abdominal trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913838/isolated-transverse-process-fractures-insignificant-injury-or-marker-of-complex-injury-pattern
#1
G Lombardo, P Petrone, K Prabhakaran, C P Marini
INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the incidence of isolated transverse process fractures (ITPFx) amongst vertebral fractures in trauma patients, and specific-associated injury patterns present in patients with ITPFx. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, 4-year review of our Level 1 Trauma Center registry was performed. Patients with blunt spinal column fractures were identified. Data collected included patient demographics, Injury Severity Score (ISS), type of imaging obtained, and concomitant injuries, including rib and pelvic fractures, liver, spleen, and kidney injury (SOI)...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912976/implications-of-a-negative-abdominal-ct-in-the-management-of-pediatric-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#2
Sarah Braungart, Thomas Beattie, Paula Midgley, Mark Powis
BACKGROUND: No consensus exists on management of children with a negative trauma CT following blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). Asymptomatic children are frequently "admitted for observation" following negative CT owing to concerns about missing an intraabdominal injury (IAI) without evidence for this practice. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of discharge following a negative CT scan in children sustaining blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: Retrospective audit at a UK paediatric major trauma center and review of the literature...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908962/pediatric-traumatic-gallbladder-rupture
#3
W Landon Jackson, Patrick C Bonasso, R Todd Maxson
Blunt abdominal trauma causing gallbladder rupture is exceptionally rare in children. This injury is rare due to the size and anatomical location of the gallbladder, and a rapid diagnosis is often difficult to achieve due to delayed presentation. We report a ruptured gallbladder in an 11-year-old male as a result of blunt abdominal trauma from an all-terrain vehicle accident. Possible gallbladder injury was indicated on computed tomography and patient was successfully managed with cholecystectomy.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904004/delayed-diagnosis-of-blunt-carotid-trauma-in-a-seat-belt-syndrome-with-associated-abdominal-wall-injury-a-case-report
#4
Savino Occhionorelli, Dario Andreotti, Daniela Tartarini, Lorenzo Cappellari, Rocco Stano, Lucia Morganti, Giorgio Vasquez
: The aim of this case report is to be aware of occult carotid lesions in thoracic- abdominal trauma because, carotid artery injury consequent to blunt trauma is rare, affecting less than 1% of patients as reported in literature. A 45-years-old female, involved in a traffic accident, arrived to Emergency Room hemodynamically stable, with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 15, complaining abdominal pain, without any neurological signs. She underwent Computed Tomography (CT) scan that showed a complete disruption of left abdominal wall muscles, associated with massive bowel loops herniation...
November 28, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903481/hybrid-repair-of-complex-left-subclavian-artery-injury-with-partial-transection-and-complete-thrombosis-in-an-unstable-patient-following-blunt-trauma
#5
Ilitch Diaz-Gutierrez, Muhammad A Rana, Barkat Ali, John M Marek, Mark Langsfeld
Blunt subclavian artery injuries are rare and are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Several case reports have suggested that endovascular repair is safe with short operative times and minimal blood loss. We report a case of a 20-year-old male patient involved in a high speed motor vehicle collision that resulted in partial transection of left subclavian artery with complete luminal thrombosis. Patient also had a left main-stem bronchus avulsion along with major intra-abdominal injuries and multiple spine and long bone fractures...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900090/traumatic-rupture-of-solid-pseudopapillary-tumors-of-the-pancreas-in-children-a-case-report
#6
Semih Lütfi Mirapoğlu, Ibrahim Aydogdu, Zuhal Gucin, Temel Fatih Yilmaz, Tarik Umutoglu, Huseyin Kilincaslan
Solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is a pathological entity rarely encountered in children. Despite its malignant characteristics, SPT has a favorable clinical prognosis. This tumor is more frequently observed in females and is commonly localized in the tail and body of the pancreas. This is the case report of a 9-year-old female patient who presented with severe abdominal pain of sudden onset and vomiting following blunt abdominal trauma. Upon physical examination, abdominal distension, tenderness and abdominal guarding were detected...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899385/shared-drink-and-a-soft-punch-an-almost-deadly-combination
#7
Karsten Klingberg, David Srivastava, Simon Bosbach, Beat Lehmann
Injuries of the spleen in blunt abdominal trauma are common and can lead to fatal bleeding. The diagnostic of choice to determine severity and treatment is usually made in contrast-enhanced CT. In our case we used contrast-enhanced ultrasound to identify the origin of an intra-abdominal bleeding following a minor trauma in a patient with splenomegaly due to an Epstein-Barr virus infection.
November 29, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895945/congenital-renal-fusion-and-ectopia-in-the-trauma-patient
#8
Andrew A Rosenthal, Jordan J Ditchek, Seong K Lee, Rafael Sanchez, Chauniqua Kiffin, Dafney L Davare, Eddy H Carrillo
We present two separate cases of young male patients with congenital kidney anomalies (horseshoe and crossed fused renal ectopia) identified following blunt abdominal trauma. Despite being rare, ectopic and fusion anomalies of the kidneys are occasionally noted in a trauma patient during imaging or upon exploration of the abdomen. Incidental renal findings may influence the management of traumatic injuries to preserve and protect the patient's renal function. Renal anomalies may be asymptomatic or present with hematuria, flank or abdominal pain, hypotension, or shock, even following minor blunt trauma or low velocity impact...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893642/comparison-of-nonoperative-and-surgial-management-of-renal-trauma-can-we-predict-when-nonoperative-management-fails
#9
Marc A Bjurlin, Richard Jacob Fantus, Richard Joseph Fantus, Dana Villines
BACKGROUND: Limited data exists on risk factors for the failure of nonoperative management of renal trauma. Our study objective was to determine the incidence, salvage procedure, and risk factors for failure of nonoperative management of renal trauma. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank research datasets admission year 2010 - 2014 were queried for renal injury by Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS) code. Patients were stratified by interventional therapy (renal procedure code <24 hrs from admission) and nonoperative management (no surgical renal procedure <24 hrs)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893507/case-study-obstetrical-trauma-with-maternal-death-and-fetal-survival
#10
Matthew Mowry
Trauma during pregnancy is the leading cause of non-obstetric-related maternal and fetal death. This article summarizes obstetric physiology and outlines the assessment and treatment of traumatic injuries of the pregnant patient. A case is presented in which a pregnant woman with blunt abdominal trauma was managed efficiently in a trauma center within a hospital that does not have in-house obstetric services.
January 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878593/re-evaluation-of-liver-transaminase-cutoff-for-ct-after-pediatric-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#11
Jessica A Zagory, Avafia Dossa, Jamie Golden, Aaron R Jensen, Catherine J Goodhue, Jeffrey S Upperman, Christopher P Gayer
PURPOSE: Current guidelines for computed tomography (CT) after blunt trauma were developed to capture all intra-abdominal injuries (IAI). We hypothesize that current AST/ALT guidelines are too low leading to unnecessary CT scans for children after blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). METHODS: Patients who received CT of the abdomen after blunt trauma at our Level I Pediatric Trauma Center were stratified into a high risk (HR) (liver/spleen/kidney grade ≥III, hollow viscous, or pancreatic injuries) and low risk (LR) (liver/kidney/spleen injuries grade ≤II, or no IAI) groups...
November 23, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867441/the-role-of-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnostics-of-diaphragmatic-injury-after-blunt-thoraco-abdominal-trauma
#12
Agata Gmachowska, Ryszard Pacho, Agnieszka Anysz-Grodzicka, Leopold Bakoń, Maria Gorycka, Wawrzyniec Jakuczun, Waldemar Patkowski
BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic injuries occur in 0.8-8% of patients with blunt trauma. The clinical diagnosis of diaphragmatic rupture is difficult and may be overshadowed by associated injuries. Diaphragmatic rupture does not resolve spontaneously and may cause life-threatening complications. The aim of this study was to present radiological findings in patients with diaphragmatic injury. MATERIAL/METHODS: The analysis of computed tomography examinations performed between 2007 and 2012 revealed 200 patients after blunt thoraco-abdominal trauma...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851192/1557-characteristics-and-predictors-of-intensive-care-unit-admission-in-pediatric-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#13
Adam Vogel, Robert Russell, Melvin Dassinger, Martin Blakely, Matthew Santore, Kuojen Tsao, Eunice Huang, Christian Streck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849328/early-post-traumatic-splenic-arteriovenous-fistula-in-the-pancreatic-arcade-diagnosis-by-volume-rendered-3d-reconstruction-images
#14
Junya Tsurukiri, Hidefumi Sano, Hoshiai Akira, Naoyuki Kaneko
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of splenic vessels is rare. It is most commonly caused by spontaneous rupture of an extant splenic artery aneurysm into an adjacent vein, or by traumatic or iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm. Blunt abdominal trauma can sometimes lead to vascular damage to spleen, resulting in AVF formation. Presently described is case of an elderly patient with high-grade splenic injury. Early post-traumatic AVF was detected by volume-rendered 3D reconstruction using fused arterial and venous phase computed tomography (CT) images...
September 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843541/blunt-diaphragmatic-lesions-imaging-findings-and-pitfalls
#15
REVIEW
Matteo Bonatti, Fabio Lombardo, Norberto Vezzali, Giulia A Zamboni, Giampietro Bonatti
Blunt diaphragmatic lesions (BDL) are uncommon in trauma patients, but they should be promptly recognized as a delayed diagnosis increases morbidity and mortality. It is well known that BDL are often overlooked at initial imaging, mainly because of distracting injuries to other organs. Sonography may directly depict BDL only in a minor number of cases. Chest X-ray has low sensitivity in detecting BDL and lesions can be reliably suspected only in case of intra-thoracic herniation of abdominal viscera. Thanks to its wide availability, time-effectiveness and spatial resolution, multi-detector computed tomography (CT) is the imaging modality of choice for diagnosing BDL; several direct and indirect CT signs are associated with BDL...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843273/severity-challenges-and-outcome-of-retroperitoneal-hematoma-in-a-nigeria-tertiary-hospital
#16
Arowolo Olukayode Adeolu, Adisa Adewale Oluseye, Kolawole Oladapo Adedayo, Rotimi Adedeji David, Funmilola Olanike Wuraola
BACKGROUND: Retroperitoneal hematoma (RH) can present as an acute life-threatening condition, report on RH in low-income countries are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We present the severity, pattern, challenges, and outcome of RH in a low-resource country such as Nigeria. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of all patients with blunt or penetrating abdominal injury needing surgery, patients with RH among them were analyzed. RESULTS: In the last one decade spanning 2005-2015, our operation database record showed that 247 patients had exploratory laparotomy for blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma...
July 2016: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834057/lower-limb-ischemia-caused-by-resuscitative-balloon-occlusion-of-aorta
#17
Yohei Okada, Hiromichi Narumiya, Wataru Ishi, Iiduka Ryoji
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an emergency procedure to manage severe hemorrhagic shock from torso injury but can cause severe ischemia of the lower extremities. However, lower extremity ischemia occurring as a complication of REBOA has been rarely reported. We describe the severe lower extremity ischemia caused by REBOA with a 12-Fr sheath in a small-built patient. CASE REPRESENTATION: The patient was a 16-year-old male who developed severe hemorrhagic shock due to abdominal blunt trauma...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822954/endoscopic-management-of-late-complication-of-blunt-traumatic-total-pancreatic-transection
#18
João Santos-Antunes, Pedro Moutinho-Ribeiro, Guilherme Macedo
An 11-year-old girl was admitted elsewhere due to severe abdominal pain after a fall with abdominal blunt trauma. CT-scan showed total pancreatic transection of the distal body with suspected injury of main pancreatic duct.
November 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820555/sarcopenia-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-elderly-blunt-trauma-patients-comparing-the-masseter-to-the-psoas-using-computed-tomography
#19
James D Wallace, Richard Y Calvo, Paul R Lewis, Jason B Brill, Steven R Shackford, Michael J Sise, C Beth Sise, Vishal Bansal
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, or age-related loss of muscle mass, is measureable by computed tomography (CT). In elderly trauma patients, increased mortality is associated with decreased psoas muscle cross-sectional area (P-Area) on abdominal CT. Fall is the leading cause of injury in the elderly and head CT is more often obtained. Masseter muscle cross-sectional area (M-Area) is readily measured on head CT. Hypothesizing that M-Area is a satisfactory surrogate for P-Area, we compared the two as markers of sarcopenia and increased mortality in elderly trauma patients...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818226/-primary-care-of-the-blunt-splenic-injured-adult
#20
REVIEW
Brian Yorkgitis
The spleen is the most commonly injured abdominal organ in blunt trauma. Immediate treatment is aimed at assessing for bleeding and abating it when it is severe. Methods for the management of blunt splenic injury associated bleeding include observation, splenectomy and splenic salvage procedures through splenorrhaphy or embolization. After blunt splenic injury, complications commonly occur, including bleeding, infection, thrombosis and pneumonia. If a patient undergoes splenectomy, infections can be severe...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
keyword
keyword
84980
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"