Read by QxMD icon Read

Prediction admission 12 month

Taysir S Garadah, Khalid Bin Thani, Leena Sulibech, Ahmed A Jaradat, Mohamed E Al Alawi, Haytham Amin
Background: Risk factors and short-term mortality in patients presented with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) in Bahrain has not been evaluated before. Aim: In this prospective observational study, we aim to determine the clinical risk profiles of patients with ACS in Bahrain and describe the incidence, pattern of presentation and predictors of in-hospital clinical outcomes after admission. Methods: Patients with ACS were prospectively enrolled over a 12 month period...
2018: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
Alberto Palazzuoli, Gaetano Ruocco, Matteo Beltrami, Ranuccio Nuti, John G Cleland
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) can be used to assess pulmonary congestion by imaging B-lines ('comets') for patients with acute heart failure (AHF). OBJECTIVES: Investigate relationship of B-lines, plasma concentrations of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) function measured at admission and discharge and their relationship to prognosis for AHF with preserved (HFpEF) or reduced (HFrEF) LV ejection fraction. METHODS: Patients with AHF had the above tests done at admission and discharge...
March 12, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Tomoo Kishaba, Yuichiro Nei, Masashi Momose, Hiroaki Nagano, Shin Yamashiro
Objective: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common parenchymal lung disease. Patients with IPF sometimes develop acute exacerbation (AE), which predicts a poor prognosis. To evaluate the predictors of 90-day mortality of AE in patients with IPF based on the new 2016 criteria. Materials and Methods: Sixty-five patients with AE were studied retrospectively between January 2001 and December 2016 at Okinawa Chubu Hospital. Results: The mean age of the patients was 74 years, with 40 (61...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Mariia Karppinen, Atte Sjövall, Tuula Pelkonen, Luis Bernardino, Irmeli Roine, Anne Pitkäranta, Antti A Aarnisalo, Päivi Nevalainen, Leena Lauronen
Objective: To assess the role of single and repeated auditory brain stem response (ABR) in predicting mortality and severe neurological injury among children having bacterial meningitis (BM) in Luanda, Angola. Methods: The morphology of ABR traces of 221 children (aged 2 months to 12 years) from admission day was analyzed and compared with age-matched normative data. Absence and delay of traces were compared with mortality and mortality or severe neurological injury in subgroup analyses...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Sourabh Aggarwal, Feng Xie, Robin High, Gregory Pavlides, Thomas R Porter
BACKGROUND: Although microvascular flow abnormalities have been observed following epicardial recanalization in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), the prevalence and severity of these abnormalities in the current era of rapid percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to assess microvascular perfusion (MVP) following successful primary PCI in patients with STEMI and how it affects clinical outcome. METHODS: In this single-center, retrospective study, 170 patients who successfully underwent emergent PCI for STEMI were assessed using real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography using a continuous infusion of intravenous commercial microbubbles (3% Definity)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Masahide Tokue, Raisuke Iijima, Masao Moroi, Masato Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated the importance of intensive optimal medical therapy (OMT) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). To investigate our hypothesis that patients with and without OMT achievement differed with respect to the risk of future cardiac events, we investigated the endothelial function in patients with CAD who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and contemporary medical therapy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective longitudinal cohort study to evaluate the endothelial function in 96 consecutive patients at 12 h after admission and 3 months at <12 h after admission and at 3 months after discharge by measuring the brachial artery dilatation after 5 min of forearm ischemia flow-mediated dilation (FMD)...
March 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Jingwei Zhao, Xuying Luo, Zheng Zhang, Kai Chen, Guangzhi Shi, Jianxin Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application value of short latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SLSEP) as a tool for preoperative assessment of surgical or interventional treatment in patients with severe aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted. The patients with severe aSAH with a WFNS grade of IV or V admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Beijing Tiantan Hospital of Capital Medical University from November 2016 to April 2017 were enrolled...
March 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Arora R Ingadottir, Anne M Beck, Christine Baldwin, C Elizabeth Weekes, Olof G Geirsdottir, Alfons Ramel, Thorarinn Gislason, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir
Low energy and protein intakes have been associated with an increased risk of malnutrition in outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to assess the energy and protein intakes of hospitalised COPD patients according to nutritional risk status and requirements, and the relative contribution from meals, snacks, drinks and oral nutritional supplements (ONS), and to examine whether either energy or protein intake predicts outcomes. Subjects were COPD patients (n 99) admitted to Landspitali University Hospital in 1 year (March 2015-March 2016)...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Alison M Mudge, Carol Douglas, Xanthe Sansome, Michael Tresillian, Stephen Murray, Simon Finnigan, Cheryl Ruth Blaber
OBJECTIVES: People with serious life-limiting disease benefit from advance care planning, but require active identification. This study applied the Gold Standards Framework Proactive Identification Guidance (GSF-PIG) to a general hospital population to describe high-risk patients and explore prognostic performance for 12-month mortality. METHODS: Prospective cohort study conducted in a metropolitan teaching hospital in Australia. Hospital inpatients on a single day aged 18 years and older were eligible, excluding maternity and neonatal, mental health and day treatment patients...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Weijian Luo, Hao Wang, Jiliang Hu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of serum periostin in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). METHOD: We conducted a retrospective study and 124 aSAH patients treated in Shenzhen People's hospital during March 1st 2015 to December 30th 2016 were included. Baseline information, neurological status and clinical outcome were recorded. Blood samples on admission were collected and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were used to detect the serum level of periostin...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Mireia Raluy-Callado, Andrew Cox, Sharon MacLachlan, Abdel M Bakheit, A Peter Moore, Jerome Dinet, Sylvie Gabriel
OBJECTIVE: Post-stroke spasticity (PSS) is a common complication following stroke. This study describes the differences in healthcare resource utilization between patients who do and do not develop PSS in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Adults registered in The Health Improvement Network database with a recorded stroke between 2007 and 2011 were included. PSS was identified through Read codes; machine learning was used to retrospectively identify unrecorded PSS events...
February 28, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Azra Bihorac, Tezcan Ozrazgat-Baslanti, Ashkan Ebadi, Amir Motaei, Mohcine Madkour, Panagote M Pardalos, Gloria Lipori, William R Hogan, Philip A Efron, Frederick Moore, Lyle L Moldawer, Daisy Zhe Wang, Charles E Hobson, Parisa Rashidi, Xiaolin Li, Petar Momcilovic
MINI: In a single-center cohort of 51,457 adult surgical patients, we have developed and validated an automated machine-learning algorithm that uses existing clinical data in electronic health records to forecast the risk for major complications and death after any type of surgery with high sensitivity and high specificity. OBJECTIVE: To accurately calculate the risk for postoperative complications and death after surgery in the preoperative period using machine-learning modeling of clinical data...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Huisheng Wu, Peipei Guo, Zhao Jin, Xinyi Li, Xin Yang, Chaoliang Tang, Yanlin Wang, Jianjuan Ke
OBJECTIVE: Irisin is a 112-amino acid peptide found in rat and human skeletal muscle after exercise. Previous studies had suggested that higher circulating irisin levels were associated with an increased risk of vascular atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we determined irisin levels in serum, and investigated their associations with functional outcomes in a 3-month follow-up study in Chinese patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: From September 2015 to December 2016, consecutive first-ever AIS patients admitted to the Department of Emergency of our hospital were identified...
February 19, 2018: Cytokine
Jameela Abdulaziz Kari, Mohamed Ahmed Shalaby, Kholoud Sofyani, Ahmad Saleh Sanad, Albaraa Fuad Ossra, Rayan Smeer Halabi, Maha Hassan Aljuhani, Wael Mohammad Toffaha, Feras Aymen Moria, Samar Sabry, Hanan AbdelAziz Ahmed, Khalid Abdulaziz Alhasan, Sara Sharief, Osama Safdar
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill children with significant mortality and morbidity. Serum creatinine is an insensitive and late biomarker compared to newly proposed AKI biomarkers. METHODS: Prospective study in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) over three months to compare between serum cystatin-C (s-Cys-C) and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) as AKI biomarkers at multiple time points with pediatric risk, injury, failure, loss, end-stage renal disease (pRIFLE) classification in diagnosing AKI...
February 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Satoshi Koizumi, Toshikazu Kimura, Masaaki Shojima, Tomohiro Inoue
BACKGROUND: In the treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS), patients need to be selected for mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in the acute phase. Selection criteria vary, however, depending on the patient's situations. This study investigated the effectiveness of a non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) and a symptom-based protocol for selecting patients for MT. METHODS: This retrospective study included 20 AIS patients. The first 8 patients (earlier group) were screened by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
February 1, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Louise Fleming
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma attacks are frequent in children with asthma and can lead to significant adverse outcomes including time off school, hospital admission and death. Identifying children at risk of an asthma attack affords the opportunity to prevent attacks and improve outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical features, patient behaviours and characteristics, physiological factors, environmental data and biomarkers are all associated with asthma attacks and can be used in asthma exacerbation prediction models...
February 5, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Matthew Hammond, Allan B Clark, Anthony P Cahn, Edwin R Chilvers, William Duncan Fraser, David M Livermore, Toby M Maher, Helen Parfrey, Ann Marie Swart, Susan Stirling, David Thickett, Moira Whyte, Andrew Wilson
BACKGROUND: We hypothesise, based upon the findings from our previous trial, that the addition of co-trimoxazole to standard therapy is beneficial to patients with moderate to severe idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We aim to investigate this by assessing unplanned hospitalisation-free survival (defined as time from randomisation to first non-elective hospitalisation, lung transplant or death) and to determine whether any effect relates to changes in infection and/or markers of disease control and neutrophil activity...
February 5, 2018: Trials
Thiago Junqueira Avelino-Silva, Flavia Campora, Jose Antonio Esper Curiati, Wilson Jacob-Filho
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between delirium motor subtypes and hospital mortality and 12-month mortality in hospitalized older adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study conducted from 2009 to 2015. SETTING: Geriatric ward of a university hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: We included 1,409 consecutive admissions of acutely ill patients aged 60 years and over. We excluded admissions for end-of-life care, with missing data on the main variables, length of stay shorter than 48 hours, or when consent to participate was not given...
2018: PloS One
Francesc Formiga, David Chivite, Ariadna Brasé, Irene Petit, Rafael Moreno-Gonzalez, Jose Carlos Arévalo-Lorido, Xavier Corbella
Objective Admission hyponatremia is related to poor outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). Few studies have examined the influence of hyponatremia in the prognosis of HF patients without previous admissions. Our aim is to determine whether baseline hyponatremia predicts worse outcomes in a cohort of real-world HF patients admitted because of a first episode of acute HF. Methods We reviewed the medical records of 985 patients >50 years of age admitted within a two-year period for a first episode of decompensation of HF...
January 25, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
Luiz Sergio F Carvalho, Lauro Afonso C Bogniotti, Osorio Luis Rangel de Almeida, Jose C Quinaglia E Silva, Wilson Nadruz, Otavio Rizzi Coelho, Andrei C Sposito
OBJECTIVE: In ST-elevation myocardial infarction, 7-15% of patients admitted as Killip I will develop symptomatic heart failure or decreased ejection fraction. However, available clinical scores do not predict the risk of severe outcomes well, such as heart failure, recurrent myocardial infarction, and sudden death in these Killip I individuals. Therefore, we evaluated whether one vs two measurements of BNP would improve prediction of adverse outcomes in addition to the GRACE score in ST-elevation myocardial infarction/Killip I individuals...
January 1, 2018: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"